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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1971 (DOST Vol. IV).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Month, n.2 Also: monthe, -tht, munth(e, mwnthe, -tht, mounth, mownth, moneth, -ythe, muneth. [Sc. Gael. monadh mountain range (MacBain), W. mynydd mountain. Appar. not in Ir. Gael.]

1. A name given to the mountains of the eastern Highlands; the eastern Grampians of Angus and Kincardineshire, south of the Dee.(a) 1198–9 Lindores Chart. 3.
In burgo meo de Dunde … Et ultra Muneth … Et in Garuiach
1241 Athole Chart. MS. I. No. 5.
[Lands held] deultra Moneth [viz. Glengeyth, Ardauch, etc.]
c1420 Wynt. vii. 2785 (C).
Oure the monythe than past he seyn
(b) 1375 Barb. ii. 494.
As wtelauys … Dreand in the Month thar pyne
Ib. viii. 393, ix. 6, 304. 1396 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 31.
In conabyl place fra the Month southward
1464 Aberd. B. Rec. (S.H.S.) cxi. n. 2.
That … na freman … hafe to the Monthe nothir woll [etc.] … to sell out of the fredome
To by na wollin clath out of Dunde Brechine na out of nane uthir place beyonde the Monthe to sell agayn
a 1480 Lindores A. 418.
The kyrk of Kynnathmonthe be yound the Monthe payis yeirlie … xxviij li.
1490 Treas. Acc. I. 170.
1497–8 Acta Conc. II. 101.
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 259/28.
Malcome Canmor … chasit Makbeth our the Month to Lumfannane
1501 Treas. Acc. II. 31. Ib. 92. 1502 Ib. 149. 1515 Acta Conc. MS. XXVII. 53.
All maner of personis fensable … on this syde the Montht
1561 Reg. Privy C. I. 193.
The benefices on this syde of the Month and beyond the Month
1591 Crim. Trials I. ii. 264.
In Glen Clova, Glen Ilay and vtheris pairtis adjacent to the Month
1593 Edinb. Test. XXV. 107 b.
Vpon my pure freindis duelling beȝond the Month
(c) 1375 Barb. viii. 393 (E).
He thoucht weile that he wald far Oute our the Mounth with his menye, To luk quha that his frend wald be
c1420 Wynt. viii. 2681.
1427 Acts II. 13/2.
That euer ilk lorde hafande landis be ȝonde the Mownth … duell in thaim
(d) c 1165–1214 Acts I. 87 (red).
Et omnibus burgensibus meis ex aquilonali parte de Munth manentibus liberum ansum suum tenendum
1489 Treas. Acc. I. 108.
To Sperdour to pase with letteres oure the Mwntht for the taxt
1490 Ib. 132.

b. Cawsey of the month, casie munth, a main road over the Grampians south of Aberdeen. 1384 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II. 286.
Litera pro la cawse de Monthe
[Ad … sustentationem de causey montium et pontis aque de Dee
1529 Ib. I. 395.
As the commond gait gangis … to the cawsey of the Montht betwixt the landis of Kyncortht … and the landis of Ruidristoun
1603 Ellon Presb. 40.
[The people promise] that in caice they see the wark tak beginning … they sal support … the calsy of the Month
c1650 P. Gordon Brit. Dist. 26.
[Montrose's men] lay at the casie-Munth, carelesse and at randone

2. Applied to any stretch of hilly, barren country or high ground; a mountain, hill or moor. Also plur. as collective.a. With specific reference to some district of the Scottish Highlands; in place-names chiefly in the construction Month(es of (Schecalȝean etc.). b. In general use.a. (1) 1529 Red Bk. Grandtully I. 70.
And that thai ly contigue wytht the saidis landis of Garntulie, fra the front of the hill callit Strong Awnocht suthtwart to the month
1567 Inverness Rec. I. 152.
That … the said Thomas hes tane away … out of the montht … thre scoir laiddis turfe fra the said Andro his stak
1567–8 Ib. 161. 1576 Ib. 249.
The Kingis commoun gett quhilk passis to the montht trocht the Machre and Inchis
1611 Black Bk. Taymouth 43.
They … chaissit thame straitlie to the monthe that lyis betuix Rannoch and Badȝenoch
1618 Urie Baron Ct. 26.
That their haill guidis sall pastour wpoune the mounth and out boundis as thaj have beine in vse befor
1641 Acts V. 520/1.
The landis callit the Kyle of Glenamount … boundit betuix the height of the month and infall of the said water
c 1641–54 J. Gordon in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II. 547.
Up the water Okell upon 2 myl and ther throw the month
1659 Stewart Mem. 134. 1686 Fraser P. 159.
That place of the month or hill that pass lineallie from the said Burnehead of Ganie to Leitsches Cross
(2) 1595 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. (Reg. H.) 78.
Patrick McQuene in Drumquharrie in the Month of Schecalȝean
Ib. 79.
Out of the Month of Eddrogell
1601 Reg. Great S. 392/1.
To the middis of the Month or hill of Tormellen
1615 Red Bk. Grandtully I. l. 1640 Fam. Rose 333.(3) 1632 Aberd. B. Rec. III. 53.
The lairdis … and gentlemen in the Mearnes to meit at the calsies of Month Cowye
(4) 1477 Stewart Mem. 74.
plur. Fourtj merkis worth of landis … liand on the south half of the monthis
1622 Reg. Great S. 101/1.
Lie monthes
1627 Rep. Parishes 153.
The rowmes off the paroche … lyes in glenis and ar devyded from the paroche kirk with riveris monthes and mosses
Ib. 163.
Divyded from the paroche kirk with the said river off Tummell and gryt monthes the bowndis thairoff
1630 Atholl MSS. 12 Jun.
To cast … and … away tak peattis … furth of the said nobill lordis lands and mounthis of Bofrakis
b. 1513 Doug. xii. ix. 56.
Quhar the fomy ryveris, red on spait, Hurlys doun from the month a large gait
Ib. xii. 52.
On the hie Month Taburn in Champany
1507 in Lynd. IV. 246.
David Lindesay filio … David Lindesay de Montht
plur. c1420 Wynt. v. 3109 (W).
He eschapit fra the ficht And fled to monethis neire tharby
14.. Acts I. 201 (red).
Thorterand burne in monthis hie Sall stop na heidrowm thocht thai be

c. Hilly country, moorland. Also attrib. 16.. Jervise Epitaphs & Inscriptions II. 118/1.
[It] conteins ten myles of monthe
attrib. 1627 Rep. Parishes 163.
The … landis … lyes north east from the said paroche kirk distant thairfra sixe myles, all monthe gate
1685 Innes Rev. VI. 20.
Their [Highlanders'] ordinary provision for the rest of the year is only their milk, cheese and butter … small nutts, monthberries [etc.]

3. In the name of Mount Pelion: cf. Mont n. 2. — 1549 Compl. 64/13.
Quhen Thetis vas mareit on Month Pillion

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"Month n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 May 2024 <>



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