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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Betraise, Betres(e, v. Also: betras(e, bytrase, betrais, -ays; betreis, betreys. [ME. betrais, betrayse (c 1300), f. OF. traïss-, trahiss-. lengthened stem of traïr, trahir: see Betray.] tr. To betray; to act treacherously or deceitfully towards; to deceive.(a) 1375 Barb. v. 539.
Quhen men schupe hym to betrais
a1400 Leg. S. i. 24.
Had he wittin … Quhat he was [that] suld Criste betrais
c1420 Wynt. vi. 1552.
A fals traytoure … This Ethelrede betraysyd syne
1456 Hay I. 244/12.
Mony … haf bene dissavit, betraisit, and undone
Ib. II. 30/20.
A traytour that betraisis his awin lord naturale
c1475 Wall. xi. 848.
Menteth, apon fals wys, Betraysyt Wallace
a1500 Bk. Chess 1198.
Sic ane tratour … That wald betrais thir barnis innocens
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. i. 40.
Cruell fortoun, quhy hes thow me betraisit?
Id. Æn. i. vii. 94.
Quhar The quhite tentis of kyng Rhesus … Betraisit war
1533 Bell. Livy II. 71/19.
Nocht onelie the tribunis war corruppit … to betrais the public liberte
1535 Stewart 16390.
Tua fair ȝoung men … [he] Perswadit hes … for to betrais the king
1542 Acts II. 415/2.
Thaim that sall happin to betrais the kingis army
1570 Sat. P. xii. 6.
James, Earle of Murray, … betraist in to that toun
a1578 Pitsc. I. 36/17.
The realme is wraikit and betraissit
1582 Misc. Spald. C. II. 337.
Peter Heyis eldest sone being … direct be his father to betraise me
(b) 1375 Barb. iv. 17.
Worthy Crystoll off Seytoun In-to Loudon betresyt was
Ib. 23.
It wes fer wer than tratoury For to betreys sic a persoune
a1400 Leg. S. iii. 364.
Ane of ȝou betrese me sall
Ib. xxx. 22.
Kerlyngis, that … Ȝung men betresis oft-syse
c1420 Wynt. vii. 492.
Offt yhe have herd, off me That yhe suld betresyd be
1535 Stewart 44115.
Promittand him … Lordschip and land, … This toun to thame so that he wald betreis
1533 Boece iv. viii. 137.
Dardane … causit betreis and sla nobill Cardoure
1600 Acts IV. 207/2.
Help. I am betresit. They ar murdressing me
1604 Crim. Trials II. 434.
He seing him selff betreissit, gettis his handis lowse
(c) a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 39.
As Iudas Crist betrasit
1513 Doug. i. v. 42.
Bot we … ar betrasit ilkane
Ib. ix. vii. 63.
Quham … The myrk nycht … Betrasyt had
1531 Bell. Boece I. 282.
Send us support in haist, that we be nocht … cruelly betrasit
1535 Stewart 1108.
The Pechtis … wer betrasit with ane subtell trane
1540 Lynd. Sat. 3282.
Haif I nocht maid ane honest schift, That hes betrasit common Thift
1562-3 Winȝet I. 129/7.
The nycht he wes betrasit
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 31.
The proveist … betrasit thame and fled hame

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"Betraise v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2023 <>



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