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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XII).
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Weddir, Woddir, Wadder, Wether, n.2 Also: wed(d)er, wed(d)yr, -er, uedder, weadder, weeder, wod(d)er, -ar, wodir, vodder, wad(d)ar, vaddir, wader, waidder, vudder, wethir, wother, wather, weather. Pl. also weddris, waldris, wedderris. [ME and e.m.E. weðer (c1250), weþer (Cursor M.), wedir (Rolle), wether (Wyclif), weder (Trevisa), wedyr (c1425), weddur (c1440), wethire (c1450), wedder (1523-34), weather (1588), OE weðer.] A male sheep, castrated, or, in comb. with hog or lam, if not yet castrated, immature. Also possess. and proverb. Also in fig. context. b. comb. and attrib.With hog, lam, scheip; muttoun bowk, skin.See also Bel(l)-weddir n.(a) 1375 Barb. vii 115 (C).
And ane of thame apon his hals A mekill bundyn weddir [E. wether] bare
1424 Acts II 4/2.
Ane weder or ane ȝowe … xij d.
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2476.
Ane wedder [Ch. uedder] wichtlie wan on fute: ‘Maister’ quod he [etc.]
1487 Aberd. B. Rec. I 42.
No catall sale haf pastour of gyrs apone the lynkis … except the flessouris wederis
1489–90 Acta Aud. 140/2.
That William Wache … sall … pay ten skore of gud and sufficient rouch wedderis & ȝowis
1497–8 Acta Conc. II 102.
That the lord … tak … at the first tyme ane wedder, the secund tyme a cow
1497–8 Acta Conc. II 116.
The wrangus spoliacione … of foureskore vij weddris
1504 Exch. R. XII 673.
xlij vedderis
1513 Doug. vii i 155.
Ane hundreth wollit wedderis … for offerand
1544 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 21.
Summa of land wedderis, 49
1549 Treas. Acc. IX 324.
15.. Christis Kirk 104 (M) (see Wed v. 4). 1569–70 Inverness Rec. I 183.
1576 Edinb. Test. IV 220b.
xii wedderis of tua ȝeir auldis outgane
a1585 Polwart Flyt. 205 (H).
For store of lambes and long taild wedderes
1595 Duncan App. Etym.
Vervex, a wedder; aries castratus
1605 Black Bk. Taymouth 342.
Of gressume wedderis
1619 Argyll Rentals I 2.
2 mairts, 2 mart wedders, 1 wedder
1622-6 Bisset II 210/26.
Ane geld ox is apprysed to fyftene maillis and ane wedder is foure maillis
1665 Grant Chart. 347.
Threscore … old uedders
1681 Colvil Whig's Suppl. (1751) 85.
Two three beggars … Who stealing public geese and wedders [: feathers]
1697 Foulis Acc. Bk. 214.
To buy 13 weders … at 52 s. the peice
(b) c1500 Lindores A. 411.
Ane cwstome wodder
1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 138.
1550–1 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 452.
Half ane woddir
1552–3 Reg. Great S. 167/2.
1577 (1577–78) Reg. Great S. 758/2.
Lie custume wodderis
1600 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I 379.
To pey to him xlviij s. money for ane ruche vodder
1660 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I 68.
Ane wodder suficient and fatt
1678 Argyll Justic. Rec. 94.
Ane wodir
1697 Brabster Rental in Old-lore Misc. VIII 11.
Shoe rests a woder and a fleice
(c) 1501 Acta Conc. III 55.
xlv rouch waldris the price of the pece xj s. viij d., fifty twa rowch yowis … v s.
1502 Will A. Betoun 223.
lxxi waddars and dytmonds
1541 Exch. R. XVII 625.
Payand thairfoir yeirlie … j chalder lxvj stanis meill … j wadder, price ij s.
c1604 Urie Baron Ct. 178.
1627 Edinb. Test. LIV 43b.
lxxxi wadderis & hoggis
1686 Galloway P. 12 April.
1687 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII 175.
His sone … geat ane recept for two custome wadders
16… Ouchterlony in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 39.
Lethnet & … Lochlie both highland countries but pay a great rent in moe, besydes casualiteis, of cowes, waderis, lambs butter [etc.]
1702 Seafield Corr. 353.
It is nou about the tym of taking up my custam wadars, so I hop you will be carfull in taking them up that both the oull and wadars may be good
(d) 1515 Wigtown B. Ct. 43a.
1644 Lochwinnoch Par. II 175.
Ane quarter of a ruch wadder … Ane quarter ruch wadder … Half a wedder
(e) 1595 Skene in Misc. Stair Soc. I 137.
(f) 1668 Forbes Baron Ct. 270.
That the haill tennentis … sall pey … all byrun costumes foules, weadderes and quhatsumever costumes restand for the crop
1679 Galloway P. 29 April.
(g) 1375 Barb. vii 164.
Thai … halff the wethir till him send. And thai rostyt in hy thar mete [etc.]
1551 Armstrong Hist. Liddesdale I 35.
An old shepe, wether, or yewe
1596 Dalr. I 27/18.
This ile hes a pasture … that may feid sum wethiris
c1616 Hume Orthog. 28.
He is the noat of the male; as … he is a fat wether
1620 Old Ross-shire I 272.
1643 Dumfries Test. I 130b.
Sevin old sheip wotheris and tippes at xl s. the peace
1657 Brechin Test. VI 118b.
Ane custome weather
1664 Brechin Test. VI 284b.
To the master … ane custome wather
1689 Rep. Menzies MSS 26.
A good kow be sold at 19 marks and a weather at 2½ marks
proverb. 1569-73 Bann. Memor. 111.
He wold give the wolf the weddir to keip
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 441.
Give never the wolf the wedder to keip
possess. 1517 Rentale Dunkeld. (SHS) 46.
Lie wedderis silwir
fig. 1540 Lynd. Sat. 4264.
Quhat halines is thair within Ane wolfe cled in ane wedders skin?
attrib. 1557 (1598) Reg. Great S. 223/1.
Custum-mert-sylver custum-wadder-silver
1591 Burntisland B. Ct. 12 Nov.
To … pay … the saidis sextene skinis sufficient merchand wair wadder and wadder feir
b. comb. 1513–14 Rentale Dunkeld. (SHS) 278.
Wedder hoggis, … dynmontht
1582 Prot. Bk. J. Robertsone 19a.
Twa woddir hogis and twa ȝow hogis
1514–15 Rentale Dunkeld. (SHS) 277.
[11] ȝou lammes, [13] wedder lammes
1504 Treas. Acc. II 449.
Tua wedder scheip
1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 70.
Robert Marschell flescheour to … pay … five pundis … for xiiii wedder scheip coft and ressavit
1597 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I 341.
Certane vodder scheip
1606 Edinb. Test. XLI 315b.
Nyne ȝoung wodder scheipe of tua ȝeir auldis
1619 Argyll Rentals I 1.
2 muttoun mairtis … 1 wedder scheip
1619 Argyll Rentals I 1.
1 kayne wedder scheip
attrib. 1642 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII 17.
The best wedder muttoun … bowk
a1568 Scott ii 128.
Bettir we bath wer byand hyddis And weddir skynis at hame
1578 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I 77.
vj s. xj d. for ane wedder skyn
1699 Cramond Ch. Aberdour 38.
A wether skin and some hogs' skins

c. attrib.As weddergang(is (Gang n. l c), a ? specific range of pasture, ? passing into a place-name. Also in other place-names.(1) 1561 Reg. Dunferm. 427.
The bouplaces and wedder gangis within the parrochin of Dunfermling, lxxxxvj li.
1561 Reg. Dunferm. 431.
The haill money within the parrochin of Dunfermling of penny meall custome borrow meall fed oxin silver mart silver within the weddergangs
1585 Acts III 413/1.
The landis of Rescobie Weddergange Gellottis … Lymkillis port town … togidder with the lettres of bailȝerie of all landis … perteining to the said abbacie [sc. of Dunfermline]
1609 (1610) Reg. Great S. 154/1.
Cum pastura super Pitmidle et lie Weddergang earundem ad 120 lie sex scoir wedder scheip
(2) 1198–1214 Liber Calchou 109.
Vsque in Wederburne et ita per Wedyrburne usque Humpulles
c1250 Liber Calchou 241.
De beneficiis … de Wederleye

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"Weddir n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 3 Dec 2022 <>



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