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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Cart, Cairt, n.1 Also: carte. [ME. cart(e, kart(e, ON. kart-r (OE. cræt). See also Kart n.1]

1. A cart.(a) 1375 Barb. xi. 114.
Of cartis als that ȝeid thame by So feill, that … Four scor wes chargit with fewale
Ib. xix. 720. a1400 Leg. S. vii. 288.
Thare wes sene in that regione … syndry Cartys & wanys opynly
Ib. xxx. 461.
Scho with camelis and cart Held on to the merkat wart
1456 Hay II. 28/31.
To cut doune treis that hynderis … cartis and chariotis … to passe through the forestis
1471 Acts II. 100/1.
To gar certane cartis of weir be maide be prelatis, barouns [etc.] … for the defens of the realme
1474 Treas. Acc. I. 50.
To Schetho passande to Sanctandros … for cartis of were
c1475 Wall. vi. 348.
Thai … In cartis brocht thar purwiance dewyne
Ib. ix. 701.
Serwandys oysyst with cartis hay to leid
1489 Treas. Acc. I. 117.
To pynouris to bring furth the silver veschall and odir stuf … Item, for a carte to hafe thaim to Lythqow
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 356.
The capill … Sa curtasly the cart drawis
1512 Treas. Acc. IV. 459.
For clos cartis, iij dusan to Sterling for cais windokkis
1513 Doug. xiii. ix. 76.
Saturn … Tawcht thame … al the art To eyr, and saw the cornys, and ȝok the cart
1534–5 Linlithgow Pal. 309.
The entres of thre carttis to the leding of the frestane to the palis
1531 Bell. Boece II. 269.
I sall gar him draw like ane avir in ane cart
1535 Stewart 4594.
In cart and wane tha gar thaim drug and draw
1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 300.
Gevin to thre men for down taking of the knok furth of the stepill to the cart
1560 Ib. III. 65.
Carying of the saidis bordelaris … and harlottis throw the toun in ane carte for thair first falt
1556 Lauder Off. Kings 254.
To … conqueis gold in cartis
(b) c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 228 (B).
Quhill runsyis rynnis away with cairt and quheilis
a1578 Pitsc. I. 273/25.
They … caist him in ane cairt and had him away to Ingland
Ib. 292/25.
Thai gat sum of thair cairttis witht pulder and bullattis
1585 Elphinstone Mun. 23.
Fyve pair of tressis … ane clois cairt
1596 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 168.
Pittie customes … a maid cairt, twa penneis
1622 Edinb. Test. LI. 151.
Ane pair of quheillis with ane lang cairt, ane clois cairt, and ane stane cairt body
1658 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 404.
Not to suffer any cairtes … [to] go alongst the brig
The boddie of the cairt
1675 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 291.
That on or tuo horses and cairts be furnished and brought to him

2. A car or chariot. 1513 Doug. i. vii. 101.
The hors hym harland behynd the void cart
Ib. xii. vi. 116.
[He] gan stynt hys horssis and his quhirland char, And ferely dyd lepyng from hys cart
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2757.
He had sewintene hundreth thousande, Withoute hors men and weirlyke cairtis
1585 James VI Ess. 13.
When I do descryue thy shyning carte
Ib. 62.
Outt through his cairt, quhair Eous was eik

3. Attrib. and comb. with axtre, beimer, body, caller (driver), draucht, ers (tail), fillar, furde, graith, hire, hors, laid, maill (tax), man, naig, quhele, rope, sadill, schone.Cf. ME. carte-hors(e, -lode, -whele; e.m.E. cart-rope. 1496 Treas. Acc. I. 287.
Giffin for iijc nalis to the wyndbandis and cart axtreis
1620 Edinb. Test. L. 280 b.
Thriescoir birkis for cairtbeimeris
1645 Ib. LXI. 170 b.
Two long caird [sic] bodies, twa clos caird bodeis, twa staine caird bodies
1648 Elgin Rec. I. 183.
Alexr Nicoll [and 17 other] cart callers in Elgin … to be poyndit for 20 s. ilk persone
1649 Ib. II. 265.
The session ordaines everie cart caller that bydes from the kirk … to pay 20 s.
1551 Treas. Acc. X. 32.
vj cart draucht of chalmeris of gunnys brocht furtht of Leith to the castell of Edinburght
1639 M. Works Acc. XXIX. 25 b.
xxx grit fir tries … for carieing vp of them quhilk was eyght cart draught
1562 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 152.
The fornicatouris … to be skurgeit thair at the cairt ers
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lx. 25.
Chuff midding churllis, cuming off cart-fillaris
1434 Liber Aberbr. 66.
Sua south as the Brery Dyke gais … to the Cartfurde
1495 Reg. Cupar A. I. 248.
The medow discendand fra the toft til the cartfurde
1607 Edinb. Test. XLIII. 113.
The pleuch graith and cairt graith estimat to xx li.
1552–3 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 339.
For cart hyre of the geistis
1584 Ib. IV. 335.
The … cairt hyre, and vther expenssis belanging to the owtred … of thame
1596 Edinb. Test. XXIX. 316.
For making, paking, cairthyre of the said woll & vther dewiteis
1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. V. 65.
For cart hyir and eirding of hir
1529 M. Works Acc. I. 10.
Lokkis … in abbay … The feird to the cart hors stable
Ib. 10 b.
Ane boll of brane … to the cart hors
1596 Conv. Burghs I. 488.
Of ilk cairt laid passand ower the said brig aucht penneis
1681 Foulis Acc. Bk. 68.
For the cart maill at West Port
1576 Edinb. Test. IV. 327 b.
I leve to Johne Archeour cairtman xl s.
1574 Ib. III. 196.
Thrie cairt naigis
1513 Doug. vii. iii. 75.
Mony a pair Of harnes hang, and cart quhelis gret plente
1529 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 7.
For creiche to the cart quhelis
 — 1668 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. II. 555.
They … did stope … the said Alexander … by cutting off the cairt roapes
1566 Prot. Bk. T. Johnstoun 102.
Ane cart sadill
1622 Edinb. Test. LI. 151.
Ane cairt saidle
 — 1539-41 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 283.
Crewkis, bandis, cart schone, ... and uthiris irne grayth

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"Cart n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 3 Dec 2022 <>



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