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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Dede, Deid, a. Also: ded, deide, deyd(e, deed, daid. [ME. deed, ded(e, early dæd, dead, OE. déad.]

1. Of men or animals: Dead, no longer alive. Dede body, a corpse. (See also Corps and Cors.)(a) 1375 Barb. xiv. 302.
Thai … levit … Weill mony of thar gud men ded
a1400 Leg. S. i. 142.
He that ded wese rase but bade
Ib. xvi. 476.
Do caste we owt this ded body
14.. Acts I. 385/2.
That best aw to be prisyt how mekill it was worth ded
c1460 Wisd. Sol. 615.
The ded barne, that neuer was borne
1513 Doug. ii. ix. 45.
Pyrrus … Smate hym down ded
Ib. 47.
Thocht he was halfdeill ded
1515 Fife Sheriff Ct. 15.
That the said Walter suld be … hangyt quhil he war ded
1628 Misc. Hist. Soc. I. 103.
It is bruttit that Capitane Cokburne is ded
(b) 1375 Barb. v. 369.
Men mycht se ly The twa part dede, or than deand
a1400 Leg. S. Prol. 116.
Thai raisit dede men to lyff
Ib. xviii. 1431.
As men doys to body dede
14.. Acts I. 25/2.
The landis … the fadre had the day he was quyk and dede
Ib. 328/2.
Gif ony wylde best be fundyn dede
c1420 Wynt. iv. 1204.
Mony wytht-in the towne wes dede
Ib. vi. 1419.
In-to this graffe heyr dede he lyis
1456 Hay I. 50/18.
Quhare mony worthy man … was borne doune dede to grounde
Ib. 245/30.
Quhat prouffits it to the dede lorde?
1533 Bell. Livy II. 142/31.
Sen his hous was vnchancy, & his son dede
1549 Compl. 60/7.
He sal be fundin dede, and his ene close
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5589.
Ryse, dede folk, cum to jugement
(c) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 980.
Suddanly thai ware all deide
c1420 Wynt. v. 288.
Quhen deide wes he Fele folk glad ware
Ib. 5701.
Quhen this Eraclius wes deyde
1466 Acta Aud. 3/2.
The letter … thai decerne of na vale becaus the gifar tharof is deide
c1475 Wall. iv. 73.
Gyff ony be deide befor ws vpon cas
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 236/26.
Thar wes funding in Dumfermling a merwalous deid cors
1520 Fife Sheriff Ct. 191.
That he sould be hangyt … quhill he wer deyd
1535 Stewart 29764.
Edfridus … af his hors amang thame fell doun deid
1569 Lanark B. Rec. 46.
The said Jhone … strak and bludit him thairwith and left him for deid
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. 67 b.
Quhom of … mony ar ȝit alyff, vtheris deid
1596 Misc. Spald. C. I. 84.
Sche is … ordint to be brunt quhill she be deid
1628 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II. 591.
[He stoned him as though] he had beene a deid carioun
1671 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 277.
Thomas Milne, … hade buried ane deid chyld of his … in ane kell yaird
(d) c1590 J. Stewart II. 66/32.
Quhan the valȝant Alciode did ly Deed bullerand in his bluid
1625 Garden Kings 13.
He's slain and syne dishonor'd, being deed [: seed]

b. The dede, usually in collective or plural sense. c1420 Wynt. v. 3958.
To se the qwyk the dede dyspoyle
c1500-c1512 Dunb. ix. 29.
Nor ȝit the deid to bury tuke I tent
1562-3 Winȝet I. 122/26.
The resurrectioun of the deid
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 45.
To gnaw the bainis of the deed
1593 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. 395.
Ane trevis of tymer … to keip the deiddis bonnis in ordour
1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. 86.
Thay deny … sacrifice for the daid
Ib. 87.
He causit pray for the daid
1632 Bamff Chart. 228.
Follows the debtis awand to the deid. He declarit that thair was restand awand to him [etc.]
1672 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 28.
The inhabitants … did always burie thair deid in the said common bureing place

c. Belonging to dead persons. 1517 Treas. Acc. V. 155.
To Capitane Glen v [= five] deid pais [= pays, wages]
1556 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 364.
Coft vij jestis to be ane tirleis to the deid banis at the south kirk dur

d. Of a shot: Causing death; effective. c1650 Spalding I. 374.
Thrie soldiouris [were] apoyntit … to schute thrie deid schottis at him whill he wes schot deid

2. Having no life; inanimate. 1435 Douglas Chart. 66.
Al the gudis bath quik and dede
1587-99 Hume Epistle 312.
They are bot stocks and stains, bos, deid, and dum

3. In various figurative and transferred uses.(1) 1456 Hay I. 168/13.
[It] is lyke that he war dede bathe body and saule
c1460 Thewis Wysemen 2734.
Faith. but gud deid, is bot ded
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 32.
In the auld the curage [is] doif and deid
1489 Acta Aud. 129/2.
A … werrandisse of all clamis bath qwik and dede
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 420.
I drup with a ded luke
1531 Bell. Boece I. p. vii.
Every frute … Quhilk wes afore in to the winter deid
1576 Orkney Oppress. 49.
Quhilk acquittance … lay deid and sleipit, quhill now in hervest
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. 50.
The secund [paction] is vnlesome and vnhonest. And is called ane deid wad [L. mortuum vadium]
(2) 1530 M. Works Acc. I. 32 b.
For the inbringyn of deid sand to the laying of the said lystis
1563–4 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 444.
For deid sand to lay the fluris within the barris
1609 Hilderstoun Silver Mines I. 99.
For casting and carying away of ane midding of deid wark that lay besyd the shaft
1677 Rec. Old Aberd. I. 130.
They cast all the … deid earth in the ground of the [peat] pot in great heaps
(3) 1533 Boece iv. xii. 144.
Sum parte … at dede nepe and lawich flude, sowmyng haistelie gat within the ile
(4) 1558 Maitland Maitl. F. xvii. 32.
In to the deidest tyme of all the ȝeir
1613 Conv. Burghs II. 381.
They beand … constrainit to cum hom be Ingland in this deid and paroulus tym of ȝeir
(5) 1586 Edinb. Test. XV. 197.
Ane steik of fustiane of deid cullour
(6) ? 1641 Mun. Irvine II. 51.
For ilk tune of moirtchairge as madir and allum or ony uther deid weght

b. Dede auld, in extreme old age. 1603 Philotus lxxii.
My father … In mariage promisit me away, Upon ane deid auld man

4. Unconscious; in a swoon. 1569-73 Bann. Memor. 335.
He fallis flat doun on his face to the ground deid. … And when he had lyne half ane hour or thairby, he recovereth
1591 Crim. Trials I. iii. 236.
Sche and ane of hir sisteris careit hir deid to ane chalmer, quhair sche remanit frenettik thre or four dayes
1596 Misc. Spald. C. I. 95.
The womann was striken with sic feir, feill deid, and refusit to mell with sic a thing
1623 Crim. Trials III. ii. 549.
Thay gaif me ane deidlie straik, whairat thay strak me deid to the grund
1642 Aberd. B. Rec. III. 292.
Dinging hir violentlie to the earth, quhairthrow she lay deid
1663 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. I. 400.
Robert Carsill … strok him upon the head till he fell doun deid to the ground, and before he recovered he brok his arme
1688 Ib. XIII. 249.
The said Hellen … did fall doun deid, and contineued a considerable tyme as if she had bein deid

b. Inactive, torpid. 1596 Dalr. I. 104/3.
Quhairthrow thay may lang deid or slawe frome thair waipounis ly

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"Dede adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2023 <>



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