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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

And, conj. Also: ande (andd). [ME. and OE. and. In MSS. frequently denoted by a contraction.]

1. And (in ordinary uses). a 1350 Facs. Nat. MS. ii. 14.
Gres watir and other profitis
[The] four and tuentiand fat
a1400 Leg. S. Prol. 151.
Sanct Petir first and syne Androw
Ib. i. 51; etc.
Na clathis he had … bot kirtil and clok
c1460 Wisd. Sol. 562.
For langour ande warmnes and gud cumpany
c1420 Wynt. iv. 2429 (C).
He andd his successouris
1473 Holyrood Chart. 152.
All ande sindre oure liegis ande subditis
1490 Irland Mir. I. 5/1.
Richt hie and mychty prince and … lorde
Ib. 24/1.
Ande because [etc.]
1510 Dunferm. B. Rec. 357.
The nerrest ande lauchfull airris
1533 Gau 11/8.
Of guidis, mony and riches, And of al oder thingis
1549 Compl. 2/20.
Nolt ande scheip
a1570-86 Maitland M. Fol. xv. 3.
With hairt and mynd sinceir
Ib. 6.
God keip our quein and grace hir send
1603 Philotus xi.
He … is baith big and bene

b. With an infinitive following, esp. to ga: see Ga v. a1568 Bann. MS. 141 a /34.
Than in my armes I cowth hir plett, And scho to thraw
c1650 Spalding I. 59.
Thay … kest wp the yettis of Rothimay, and ilk man to do for himself

c. Seeing that. (With ellipse of verb.) a1500 Henr. Fab. 84.
Pietie it war thow suld ly in this midding, … And thow sa fair
Ib. 2732.
How durst thow tak on hand, And thow ... sa bene and big, To put him fra his tak
a1500 Rauf C. 785.
That I for liddernes suld leif, and leuand besyde
1503 Dunferm. B. Rec. 134.
The vrangvis ... castyn awaye of his fische, and thaj vnpayit for
1560 Rolland Seven S. 7575.
How can our Quene sa foull ane fault infer ... and scho hir self gyltie In the same cryme
a1568 Bann. MS. 143 b/27.
Feill ȝe nocht me and I so neir

d. Used for to with infinitive. 1599 Edinb. B. Rec. 250.
[The council] ordanis the thesaure to trye and speik with Jhonn Kyle

2. If; supposing or provided that. 1375 Barb. i. 457.
And we say the suthfastnes, Thai war [etc.]
Ib. vii. 103.
He suld be hard to sla, And he war bodyn all evynly
a1400 Leg. S. iii. 910.
As ȝe ma se, and ȝe tak hed
1451 Acts II. 40/2.
At the prentaris … be na goldsmythis, and vtheris may be gottyn
1456 Hay I. 126/10.
Quhethir suld thir barounis men … help thair king, and he requere thame
c1475 Wall. ii. 313.
And that be suth, my self sall neuir eit breid
a1500 Seven S. 2170.
Tell me quharfor I may nocht se, And I be out of this cite
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 13.
For, and I flyt, sum sege for schame sould sink
1536 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 402.
And ye gar me gang furtht of the kirk, gif I be cursit I sall do ane cursit deid
a1570-86 Maitl. F. liv. 32.
The dewill burne me and ever I byd ȝow
a1578 Pitsc. I. 221/1.
And the king punische ȝow not … , ȝe will murdris him self
16.. Hist. Kennedy 29.
And he byd be that deid, he suld repent the same

b. Even if, although. 1560 St. A. Kirk S. 57.
Sche … said sche wald abuse hir bodi … , and thai wer all hanged
1565 Ib. 238.
Sche wald never mary … and thai suld harll hir at ane hors tayll

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"And conj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 2 Dec 2022 <>



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