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Mure, Muir, Mor(e, Moir, n. Also: mur, mwr(e, mwure, muer, murr-; muire, muyr(e, mwir(e, mwyr; moyr, moer; mour, mowr, mowir, mowyr; moor(e. [ME. mor(e, e.m.E. moor(e, OE. mór.]

1. Barren open country, moorland, heath. As he throuch the Torwod fur Sa met he ridand on the mur Schyr Laurence off Abyrnethy; Barb. xiii. 552 (E).
And fra thyn north owr athowrt the mwr tyll ane strype; 1458 Liber Aberbr. II. 104.
Throw mure [&] mos, throw banke, busk & brer; Henr. Fab. 184 (Asl.).
And merely scho merkit unto the mur; Ib. 356.
Ib. 1043 (Bann.).
And rycht wysly can flee Quhill that he cum the myrkest mur amang; Wall. v. 293.
Ib. i. 421.
And as that ryall raid ouir the rude mure; Rauf C. 14.
And the landis outwyth the sayd marchis as the muyr strykis in lynthe and bred to Auchynhaglys; 1493 Liber Aberbr. II. 279.
K. Hart 850.
Fra that bog … all the mwir northt to Bagtoune Mos; 1511–2 Wemyss Chart. 139.
The mos, the mure, the craigis, and the clewis; Stewart 635.
1559 Rec. Earld. Orkney iii.
Ouir mwir and myris ouir gude a gyd; Maitl. F. xcv. 50.
Ruch, scharpe and hard hillis full of mosse, more and marrase; Dalr. I. 9/17.
Ib. 163/17.
1597 Reg. Great S. 186/1.
In this ile will be gottin … als many wild nests upon the plane mure as men pleasis to gadder; Monro W. Isles 36.
[They seized their horses and] carryit thame furth of his majesteis hie way to a darne place in the mure; 1602 Reg. Privy C. VI. 469.
Better ow over the midding nor over the moor; Ferg. Prov. MS. No. 235.
Wow over mure bot wed over middin; Carmichael Prov. No. 1669.
Throw the moer … to the hie gait and yond the gaite to the Fallay Birk; 1610 Milne-Home MSS. 81.
With the heath and muire reaching in angles or goushets to the gate; 1716 Misc. Spald. C. II. 97.

b. Rough, uncultivated, heathery land considered as part of an estate. Often as used for grazing or as a source of heather, whin, turf etc. See also Mos n. 4 for further examples. With halking, huntyng [etc.] … , with mur, mose [etc.]; 1475 Lennox Mun. 104.
Mos, mvir and lynggers; 1535 Selkirk B. Ct. 197 b (3 Aug.).
Pertenand to the said mark land in muyr and dail; 1550 Rec. Earld. Orkney 239.
Mos, medow, mvr & myr, faill [etc.]; 1585 Prot. Bk. R. Brown 5.
Not to dyik in the peice mwre … bot onlie sall pastur thairwpoun and cutt the quhines that growis thairintill; 1626 Linlithgow B. Rec. 12 May.
The libertie of hether and muir for thair scheip; 1627 Rep. Parishes 37.
Tenants … that sall happin … to reais fyir and burne mwir; 1630 Urie Baron Ct. 69.
Mure; 1662 Old Ross-shire II. 50.
And tua hill soume and halff moss and moor; 1669 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 247.

2. A tract or expanse of heath or moorland. a. Syne in a mwre thai enterit ar, That wes bath hee & lang & braid; Barb. vii. 108.
Anent certane lede vre takin out of the fre mure; 1466 Acta Aud. 5/2.
Beyond this more he fand a ferefull strete; Henr. Orph. 303 (Ch. & M.).
Ib. 289.
That I sall meit thé heir vpon this mure to morne; Rauf C. 564.
[The five merk land of Quhitesyde … called the] auld mur; 1545 Reg. Privy C. I. 8.
Stewart 35257.
It is a bair mure ye gang over and gets not a kow af; Carmichael Prov. No. 943.
This feild wes foughten … vpone a fair heth or mvre; Spalding II. 20.
Now I am going through a long muer where there is nothing to be gotten; M. Bruce Soul-Confirmation 19.

b. plur., = sense 1 above. Ȝour Fader oft fulfillit hes my wame And send me mete fra middingis to the muris; Henr. Fab. 441 (Bann.).
Brovne muris kythit thar wysnyt mossy hew; Doug. vii. Prol. 56.
Fond fillokis up in the mures; Rolland Seven S. 326/48.
Now mon thay … Ryue out the mures, the bestialls gers intak; 1572 Sat. P. xxxiii. 271.
And ȝeid throw the pethis and muris; Diurn. Occurr. 32.
Mountain and muris orecled with snaw; Burel Pilgr. ii. 2.
The … scheip … ly furth evir in mures & glennis; Monro W. Isles 21.
To remane amang the … myrie places and amang the hathir and mures amang ws; Dalr. I. 60/7.
[Mours, hills; Lowther's Jrnl. 43.]
Through wettest mosses and through vilest muires; A. Shields Elegie James Renwick (1711) .
Deserta nostra ericosa sunt quae moors nostratibus dicuntur; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. 30.

3. A tract of open uncultivated ground appropriated to a proprietor or a community; a common; a park. b. plur. See also Borowmure and commoun mure, Commoun a. 1 c (2). (a) Johnne and his airis sall brouke comoun pastour and fewell … in our south mure; 1466 Reg. Great S. 215/1.
1488 Reg. Morton II. 243.
To Henry Schaw at the kirk of the mwre; 1494 Treas. Acc. I. 235.
The seriands to pas this nicht and bring in of the mure James Smyth; 1518
(c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 176.
(c 1580) Ib. II. 30.
Inneuth the bowndis before expremit the haill mur to be commonte; 1535 Reg. Episc. Brechin II. 188.
[Resolved] to roupe the vacand commoun aikeris of the mure; 1536–7
(c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II. 83.
It salbe lawfull to all nobilmen … to schute for thair pastyme within thair mwre … in landwart; 1573 Digest Justiciary Proc. I. 46.
In casting faill or duffett on the said mwure and flaying of the same for seruing of his feld landis; 1580 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 177.
To serue in the clene mwre as ane clene clenger; 1585 Ib. 419.
Upoun the commoun lone in the mure besyde S. Gely graynge; 1596 Ib. V. 16.
[On the] foull mur; 1606–7 Ayr B. Acc. 232.
For pulling hether in the lairds hainet mure; 1630 E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. II. 133.
Off infeild nynscore fyftein [acres], and of outside called the mure above sax score aikers; 1641 Glasg. Univ. Mun. I. 282.
With priviledge of pasturage in his comone mure; Mure Hist. Rowallane 242.
Togither also with the links comonly called Bruntsfield links or fore mure; 1684 Edinb. B. Rec. XI. 122.
(b) Thir aw na man … haiff pastour in our propir muyr; 1410 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 30.
[Plague victims] to be put to muyr without delay; 1549 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. XVII. 205.
That na persoun beand put to the mwyr seik or suspect return to the said burgh agane; Ib.
1570 Lanark B. Rec. 49.
That ane sufficient kepar be provydit to the muir and ane commoun hyrd; 1573 Dunferm. B. Rec. II. 3.
That the toun muir be delt amang the burgessis; 1593 Lanark B. Rec. 110.
James Robiesoune … is maid choyse of to be visitour of the mwire; 1647 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 113.
1655 Rothesay B. Rec. 257.
There is a muire proper to Newthorn, interjected betwixt it and Purdies mill; 1662 Decis. Lords G. 19.
The Earls … were satisfied the coill in the touns muire be wrought be the toun; 1670 Dunferm. Ann. 343.
For a bait on the muir on my way to Edinburgh 8s. 10d.; 1676 Cunningham Diary 73.
Four aikers of land … in the back muir; 1677 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 326.
That a relict kenned to a terce of lands could not claim a terce of pasturage in a muir which followed these lands; 1695 Fountainhall Decis. I. 655.
The people of Duncow … came early this day … to the muire … and sat down … in the midst of my peats; 1698 Maxwell Lett. II. 347.
(c) The moir lyand to the manys of Fernwell is the kyrkis of Brechine; 1410 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 30.
The Lo. Renton dealt to have had the gift of the wholle moir; 1671 Lauder Jrnl. 209.
b. (a) Wyth al … esmentis in boscis in ways in playnis in moris in marresse [etc.]; 1400 Charter (Honess Doc. No. 1, Reg. H.) MS.
To win fewale in oure morys; 1440 Cop. St. A. 198.
1441 (1450) Reg. Great S. 69/2.
1461 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 263.
(b) To halde the forsaide landis … in stankis in muris in marras; 1386 Bk. Carlaverock II. 418.
1457 Stirlings of Keir 231.
1595 Douglas Bequest 7 July.
Great quantitie of mureis and vtheris commoun landis; 1600 Acts IV. 228/1.
The generall clause thereof … comprehendis housis biggingis muris mosis woddis [etc.]; Bisset I. 298/27.
Quhasumevir … labouris … any pairt of his hienes muris; Ib. II. 274/2.
For bringing thair sheip out of the murres vpon the sabbath daye; 1629 Dundonald Par. Rec. 293.
To pasture and cast foggage and faill in their owne mures and mosses; 1669 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. III. 107.
(c) Common muires and pastures of Orkney; 1575 Orkney Oppress. 6.
The deir mwiris; 1614 Argyll Mun. No. 468.
Thrie oxgang land … with the … grassingis, pasturageis, moisis, muiris etc.]; 1620 Grant Chart. 318.
Throw the loyne that gangis to the muiris; 1627 Bamff Chart. 211.
With … tofts, crofts, outsets, insets, mosses, muirs; 1659 Marischal Coll. Rec. I. 295.
1659 Stewart Mem. 134.
(d) Withe … mossis mueris peattis peatmosses [etc.]; 1639 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXI. 130.
(e) Mowrs pettis millis mowtris; 1567 Goudie Shetl. Antiq. 146.

4. Defined by a place-name in the following constructions. (1) The Mure of A., found throughout the country. (2) A. Mure, apparently used only in the southern half of the country. (1) [De mora de Edenham ad fodiendas petas; 1160 Facs. Nat. MSS. I. 17.
In excambium communionis more de Blar; 12.. Liber Scon 42.
Warrenario mori de Carale; 1358 Exch. R. I. 562.]
For the fewall pastour and gattis in the moyr of the hail More of Cargyl and Lisstone; 1501 Chart. Coupar A. II. 103.
Fre … entre in his More of Panmure; 1519 Reg. Panmure II. 291.
(b) [In carriagio … plumbi de mura de Craufurd; 1264 Exch. R. I. 30.].
Tha sall haue licens … for hathir in the Mure of Ledcasse; 1473 Reg. Cupar A. I. 178.
Quhen he raide to the Mure of Glescow; 1488 Treas. Acc. I. 163.
Quhair tha haf the Mur of Brechyn with the pertinentis pertenyng to thaim in commonte; 1535 Reg. Episc. Brechin II. 186.
Hawand thair commonte in the Mwre of Montkell; 1545 Reg. Cupar A. II. 51.
In our Mwre and Myre of Glenboy; 1550 Ib. 82.
In viij s. iiij d. land in the Mwr of Gartinquene; 1562 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. I. 177.
Touching the merching of the … Mure of Rattray; 1571 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 395.
Pitsc. II. 108/25.
Upoun the coilpott Mure of Pittinweyme; 1585 Reg. Privy C. III. 744.
The proper Mure of Newgrange; 1601 Reg. Great S. 418/1.
He tuk pleswr in playine at the fut bale, and for that caws the Mwr of Bathil wos appointed; 1611 Reg. Panmure I. xxxii.
To his lands and Mure of the Coull; 1621 Bentinck Dornoch 190.
Frie iche … to the Mwre of Caidmwre; 1641 Peebles B. Rec. I. 101.
A proper part of the Mure of Rowallane; Mure Hist. Rowallane 242.
Lykuaies in the Mvre of Forfar armeis of men sein in the air; Spalding II. 232.
He was provided with grasse and fewell out of the Mure of Scone; 1688 Dunkeld Presb. I. 502.
plur. Cum lie mureis de Gawstoun et Lefnok; 1598 Reg. Great S. 215/1.
Power to cast faill … in the mures and myres of Eister Kirktounhill; 1602 Ib. 474/2.
(c) The rydyng of the proper Muyr of Craill; 1566 Crail B. Ct. MS. 31 Oct.
In the said Muir of Gorballs; 1707 Glasgow Chart. II. 426.
(2) Wyth thar serwandis fra Ricardtoun thai raid To Mawchtlyne Mur; Wall. iii. 60.
On Caram Mur; Ib. viii. 1573.
Thre akeris ofland liand on the hip of Gaustoune Mure; 1490 Acta Aud. 146/1.
At Pentiand Mure; Asl. MS. I. 242/16.
Tuelf werkmenis wagis with him in Craufurd Mure; 1511–12 Treas. Acc. IV. 273.
To conueyne … on Rosling Muyr; 1522 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 104.
That he and I sould tak the flicht Throch Dysert Mure; Lynd. Sat. 3248.
On Glasqw Mure; 1549 Reg. Privy S. MS. XXIII. 96.
Ane rayd dewysit at Fala Mowyr the said day; 1558 Inverness Rec. I. 24.
To Faley Mure; Leslie 163.
Nota, the hereing of Bothuile Mure; Diurn. Occurr. 194.
Pitsc. II. 41 n. 1.
The goldin mynd of Crawfuird Mwir; Chron. Kings 86.
The Kirktowne Mure [of Livingston]; 1647 Durham Univ. Jrnl. XXXII. 65.
Vpone ane mvir four myllis be wast Sanct Johnstoun callit Tibber Mure; Spalding II. 403.
In Titwood Muire; 1644 Maxwell Mem. 342.
Upon the Whythauch Mure; 1665 Peebles B. Rec. II. 63.
From thence to attend him to Tranent Muire; 1685 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XI. 2.

5. In place-names. a. As the second element of early place-names. Inter Lambremor et Tay; a 1153 Reg. Dunferm. 6.
Terram de Pilemor; c 1170 Liber Dryburgh 268.
Totum vastum nostrum de Lambremor; 1214–49 Liber Melros I. 202.
Illam terram de Scaithemor; a 1232 Coldstream Chart. 3.
Henrico de Dundemore; a 1258 Reg. St. A. 178.
Ad finem del Kenelmore; c 1320 Liber Calchou 199.
Eskdalemure; a 1436 Liber Melros II. 498.

b. As the second element of later place-names. The battell syne of Scottis Muir he gart caus; Kennedy Flyt. 269.
Betuix the Stany more … and Twede; Boece xii. xi. 475.
The Eister Mure of this burgh; 1586 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 470.

c. Attrib. with topographical terms, forming place-names. Morthuweit; a 1153 Reg. Neubotle 13.
Cum communi pastura de Morlei; c 1170 Liber Dryburgh 268.
A terra monachorum de Morhus; 1214–49 Liber Melros I. 224.
Per extremitatem terre de Morehuses; c 1320 Liber Calchou 199.
De tota terra sua de Mure crofte; 1408 Reg. Great S. 236/1.
Inter duas fauldas, viz. le Kochilfauld et le Morefauld; 1410 Ib. 244/1.
At the foirsaid Moirsyd … the foirsaid Moirsyid of Fernwell; 1410–11 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 30.
Gilberto de Sanchar de Murecroft; 1446 Coll. Aberd. & B. 485.
Andree Gray de Muretoun; 1456–7 Liber Scon 190.
Vsque ad quoddam vadum dictum le Murtone Nuke furde; 1466 Chart. Coupar A. II. 59.
In the Mwrsyde sone with his eyme he mett; Wall. iv. 55.
Ricardo Murehede decano Glasguensi; 1503 Coll. Aberd. & B. 504.
Our landis and tak callit the Mvrehowse; 1550 Reg. Cupar A. II. 92.
The tenand off the Mure houssis; 1584 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. 87.
To the new pannes in Mwrehous; 1625 Linlithgow B. Rec. 16 Sept.
The tounes … of Sauchan, muirtoun therof; 1662 Burnett Fam. P. MS.
John Broune, elder of Mowirheidstoune; 1677 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds II. 754 (6 Dec.).

6. Attrib. and comb. Also Mur(e)-burn(e, -cok(e, -evil, etc. a. With topographical terms or terms denoting buildings, forming general compounds. Et molendinum vocatum the Mure Milnis; 1399 Hist. Carnegies 500.
To the wif of the mure alhous quhair the King disjunit; 1506 Treas. Acc. III. 372.
Fra that murefald dyk to the boig dyk; 1535 Reg. Episc. Brechin II. 187.
As sound doe they sleepe by the mure edge … as in the most stately tombe; Birnie Kirk-b. viii.
The muir heuche of the Gorballis; 1651 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 204.
Upon the hight of the Moorhead They laid their ligour down; c 1680 Bothwell Lines 46 in
Fugitive Poetry I.
On hill-sides and muir-sides; 1681 Wodrow Hist. (1829) III. 352.
They … calls for meat in mure houses amongst the mountaines; 1688 Reg. Privy C. XIII. 343.

b. Pertaining to, or consisting of, moor or moor-land, in senses 1–3. He scathit hym wyth his geys in the mwr corn; 1514 Prestwick B. Rec. 47.
ij acris of outfeld land to be gevin to ane mwre gres; 1544 Reg. Cupar A. II. 225.
5 sol. domino de Murelawderwod pro lie mure-male; 1601 Reg. Great S. 425/1.
His out-fields and muir-ground; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 289.
Came in to the muire way for Glasco: wery ill way; 1668 Lauder Jrnl. 186.
Their wool is of three sorts: laid-wool moor-wool and deal-wool; Symson Descr. Galloway 72.
The next sort, viz. moor-wool. This is the best of the three sorts, being very cleane, because not tarr'd, and consequently much whiter; Ib. 73.
[Both parties agree that the] muire mos [be equally divided]; 1689 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds II. 525 (4 March).

c. Mure-greif, the overseer of amoor (sense 3). d. Moorman, an inhabitant of moorland (sense 1). [Thomas Strauchane his] mure greiff; 1590 Reg. Privy C. IV. 499.
It [Minnigaff] hath a very considerable market every Saturday frequented by the moormen of Carrick, Monnygaffe and other moor places; Symson in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II. 70.

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"Mure n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jan 2022 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/mure_n>



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