A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Scottis, Scottis(c)h, Scot(t)s, Scotch, adj. and n. Also: Scottys, -es, -ise, Skottis, Scotis, -es, Skotis, Scoittis, Schoyttis, Schotes, Scottis(c)he, Scotis(c)h, -ishe, -esh, Schotish, Shotishe, Skot(t)s, Scoats, Scotsh, Skotsh. [ME and e.m.E. scottisc adj. (c1205), also noun (1632), also as reduced form in scotcheman (1570), scotch cap (1591), late OE scottisc (older scyttisc) f. scott Scot n.] There is possible ambiguity with the pl. of Scot n. in possessive use.

A. adj. 1. Of Scottish nationality, or in references to the community of Scotland, its polity, institutions, etc. (a) The Saxonys and the Scottys blude In natyownys twa before than ȝhud; Wynt. vii 407.
Sum that ware clene Inglis men, Sum Scottis [W. Scottis, bot Inglis] Inglis sworne then; Ib. viii 4158.
The armes of the Dowglas … Baith barmekyn and bar to Scottis blud bene; Howlat 384 (A).
We of Scottis natioun; Dunb. (OUP) 112/29.
Scottis or Franche quhat man that ever he be; Maitland Maitl. F. 29/71.
Ib. 32/17.
Nane of Scottis blude In Scotland dar him self auow, Mair nor in Jurie dois the Jow; 1572 Sat. P. xxxi 171.
Thairfoir ȝe all that ar of Scottis bluid Reioyis for the recovering [etc.]; Maitland Maitl Q. 31/33.
At the Scottise Court this 29 of April 1585; 1585 Gray Lett. & P. 44.
Maister George Hacquett, conseruatour for the Scotis natioun in Flanderis; 1586 Conv. Burghs I 221, etc.
The Scottis cloister of Regensburg; Dalr. I iii title-page.
The Scotis clostir of Byrland; Ib. v title-page.
Immediately after his arrival a Scottis Council is called; Mackenzie Affairs 52.
(b) Mr. Alexander Hay, the Scotisch Secreatere; Melvill 645.
(c) A Scots ambassador extraordinar; 1640 Bk. Pasquils 110.
That the Scotts armes shall have the first place in the shield; 1683 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II 205.
How may a crafty … courtier … influence a Scots Secretary unskilled in the Politicks; Late Proceedings 5.
(d) Since the returne of the Scotch commissioners from London; 1648 Misc. Maitl. C. II 457.

b. Of the territory of Scotland, or any part thereof. See also Scottis se(e n. (a) Thoue queyne of Scottis regioun; Dunb. (OUP) 104/40.
He desyrit … at King Henrie sa mekill of Scottis ground as etc.; Pitsc. I 72/29.
Quhene he was marchand neir the Scottis bordour, he send Mr. James befoir him; Ib. 83/31.
Quhene scho [sc. the queen] come on Scottis ground scho … tuik the mullis thairof and kissit; Ib. 369/4.
He commitis to my Lord Hume Camerar of Scotland and Wardan, the kure of the Scotis bordouris; Dalr. II 143/4.
(b) Forthe æstuarium The Scottishe fyrth; 1595 Mercator Map of Scotland.
That these of the associatioun sall be permitted … to fishe in all the Scotish seas [etc.]; 1630 Acts V 232/1.
(c) The Flemyngs quha ar to seik liberty of fysching within the Scotts seyis; 1610 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 59.
(d) Mare Scoticum the firth of Forth the Scotsh sea, so called because it was once the march betuix Scotland and England; a1650 Buchanan's Hist. MS Index (Edinb. Univ. Lib. * R. 20/12).
transf. Your designe in composing and publishing the Scotish Atlas; Symson Descr. Galloway 108.

c. Of a person or persons, seen as representative of some particular group, rank, class, etc. in Scottish society. Scottis Irishe, Gaelic-speaking Scots. Cf. Scot n. 2. Quot. 1693 may perhaps be an instance of e below. (1) The Scottis archeris alsua Schot amang thaim … Engrewand thaim sa gretumly; Barb. xiii 208.
The Scottis hieland-men Ware neire the wattyr off Ilé then; Wynt. ix 1543.
Schir Henry Bekirtoun gouernour to the Scottis archeris; Asl. MS I 233/12.
And thare to … laid the samyn [ship] agane with the gudis of Scottis merchandis; 1506 Reg. Privy S. I 204/1.
Scottis lordis chiftanis he gart hald and chessone; Kennedy Flyt. 273.
Twychyng the cummyng of this Scottis prest Schir John Duncanson; c1522 Doug. in Doug. (Sm.) I p. ci.
Gevin to ane Scottis boy that spekis Frenche quhilkis passit witht the Frenche mynouris to Craufurd Mure; 1539 Treas. Acc. VII 194.
Distroy our awin Scottis commoun tratour theivis; Lynd. Sat. 2585(B).
Scottis people, being the creatouris of God and the kingis borne subjectis; 1572 Reg. Privy C. II 148.
The Inglischmen witht the Scotis men of weir gaif the toun ane assault; Pitsc. II 170/16.
Quha bringis ony Scottis or Inglis theiff … to the kingis majesties court [etc.]; 1587 Acts III 464/2.
The Scottis bordirers to tile the land plane abhoris; Dalr. I 97 marg.
The beginning of the Scotis nobilite; Ib. 112 marg.
Heir the first of al the Scottis kingis embracet the faith of Christe; Ib. 176 heading.
[To] steir up … in the hartis of all his hienes Scottis subjectis … ane loveing and kyndlie dispositioun towardis all his majesteis subjectis inhabitantis of England; 1603 Reg. Privy C. VI 553.
These Scottis courtioures … haif the disloyaltie or vnfaithfulnes of the Carthaginianis; 1616 Crim. Trials III 586.
(b) I haid nocht gottin your grace wreittyngis to … the Scoittis lordis [etc.]; 1549 Corr. M. Lorraine 314.
Ten thowsand of thir to be in his wangard and thae to be reullit be twa Scoittis captanes; Pitsc. I 195/28.
(c) The bands of Scotish men of warre … sall be brokin, and the men of warre licentiat to depart; 1560 Calderwood II 2.
All our Scottisch lordes be at court; c1625 Fam. Innes 214.
The Scottish queen; Spotsw. Hist. (1655) 225.
For I am ashamed of the insolent cariage of that Scottishe boy; 1663 Lett. (Annandale Papers, R. C. Reid transcript) 11 Dec.
She assisted the Scottish subjects against their native sovereign (her jealoused competitrix); 1695 Sage Wks. I 268.
(2) The Irishe men and our Scottis Irishe acknawlege the same for thair first and mother toung; Dalr. I 73/28.
(b) [Macintosh, a] Scotishe Irishe [lord]; 1593 Cal. Sc. P. XI 165.
Done for the satisfaction of his friends by a modest inquirer living among the Scotish-Irish [v.r. Scottish-Irish in Scotland]; Kirk Secr. Commonw. (1964) 208.
Fairies or the like … termed Hubhpisgedh … among the tramontaines or Scotish-Irish; Ib. 212.
(c) Som letter … wretten be Scotts Jessowitts; ?1596 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 13.
The Scotts bishops; 1606 Maxwell Mem. 12.
Byting and scarting is Scots folks wowing; Carmichael Prov. No. 381.
The castle of Ed emptied as soon as there can be Scots sogers got to put into it; ?1660 R. Moray Lett. fol. 491.
Thrie Scotts gentlemen, one of them being ane Hylander; 1661 Peebles B. Rec. II 201.
The Scots inhabitans of Stockholm; Stockholm New Year's Gift Title.
Full power … to conveen all such Scotts merchants and factors … as he hes to lead as witnessis; 1669 Conv. Burghs III 620.
(d) The Skotsh queen; 1584 Gray Lett. & P. 12.
He looked as bair as a Scotch laird in sackcloth; 1661 True Character of a Ragged Presbyter 35.
I hope that pious Church of England men will have no less esteem for our Scotch preachers; Answ. Presb. Eloq. 57.

d. Of an army or other military formation. (a) Thai come the Scottis ost sa ner [etc.]; Barb. xiv 397.
[In Henry Tudor's army,] of Scoittis men ane thowsand men of armes quhilk vas callit the Scoittis cumpanie; Pitsc. I 191/31.
Sr Robert Murray Lieut. colonell to the Scotis Regiment of the guard in France; 1646 Acts VI i 597/2.
The Scottis army at the same time cam to Dunss, four myllis fra the kingis army; Spalding I 213.
[They] stryped him naked of his cloathes, and sent him bak to the Scottis Leagure, as wes reported; 1650 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 614.
(b) The Scottish army; 1646 Some Papers Given in by the Commissioners of the Parliament of Scotland 12.
(c) The King doth still remaine in the power of the Scots army; 1646 Some Papers Given in by the Commissioners of the Parliament of Scotland 22.
The Scots armie lying in leigour in Leith and about it; 1651 Soc. Ant. I 161.
Resolving to ingadge in that Scots army; Kingston Contin. Ho. Seytoun 84.
(d) A Scotsh regiment in the Netherlands; Craufurd Edinb. Univ. fol. 22.
If the Scotch army should deliver up his majesties person [etc.]; 1646 Some Papers Given in by the Commissioners of the Parliament of Scotland 10.
The Scotch army; Fraser Polichron. 383.
The Scotch Lanciers; Ib. 384.

e. Of the language of the lowland Scots. Cf. 2 below. [Scoticæ linguæ imperiti; 1531 Vaus, Colophon.]
(a) Al quhilk onderstandis the Scotis tung; Gau 5/2.
I hef vsit domestic Scottis langage maist intelligibil for the vlgare pepil; Compl. 16/16.
Ane vilaine, quhilk ve cal ane carl in our Scottis langage; Ib. 144/11.
In our Scottis speche, ane salviour; Hamilton Cat. 139.
Latin infernus is as mekil to say in Scottis speiche as laych or underneth; Ib. 157.
‘By’ in Scottis and in Inglis toung is nocht ane; Winȝet I 74 marg.
[He] causit this litle buike be set furthe in our Scottis toung; Gathering of the Halie Signes in Winȝet I lxxiv.
That Scotland neuer bure In Scottis leid ane man mair eloquent; 1573 Davidson Sat. P. xl 114.
Na vthir persoun … that was prompt or perfyte of the Scotis langage; 1578 Conv. Burghs I 61.
[To print Bibles] in the vulgar Inglis, Scottis, and Latine toungis; 1579 Dickson & Edmond Ann. Sc. Printing 313.
Thay quha this day with vs speik the ald Scottis toung [L. antiqua Scotorum lingua] … mair than 2 thowsand ȝeirs thay have keipet the toung hail Vncorrupte; Dalr. I 95/18.
The ministers hes peruertit this text be thair Scottis translation; Hamilton Facile Tr. in Cath. Tr. (STS) 227/21.
This Schir James wes ane Scottis manne of bluid, albeit his landis lyis in Yrland. He … had nocht the Scottis toung, nor na langage bot Eirse; 16… Crim. Trials III 2.
The auld lawes of Scotland … exponed furth of Latyne in Scottis langaige; Bisset I 74/16.
Usand my awin maternall Scottis langaige or mother toung; Ib. 77/33.
The summonis haill procese and sentence to be in Scottis vulgare tung, quhilkis war of befoir in Latyne; Ib. II 57/23.
Ib. 263/23.
[Sir Rory being] unversit in the Scottis language; 1632 Bk. Dunvegan I 102.
(b) [Master William Nudry's] Short Introductioun Elementar, degestit into sevin breve taiblis for the commodius expeditioun of thame that are desirous to reid and write the Scottish toung; 1559 Reg. Privy S. V i 143/2.
He nether had French nor Latine and some say his Scottishe toung was nott verray good; Knox I 207.
[The Regiam Majestatem] … in Scottishe language; 1609 Edinb. Biblio. Soc. Publ. I (1893-4) 7.
In the Scottish language, but signifieth without; Gordon Geneal. Hist. xv.
Whereas there are some old Scottish words not in use now; Ferg. Prov. (1641) Printer's Pref.
This James [Wedderburne] … made diverse comedeis and tragedeis in the Scotish tongue; Calderwood I 142.
To educat … the children … in the Scottisch vulgar and Latine toung; 1668 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I 178.
[Will. Guthrie appointed interpreter for the English and Scottish languages by the magistrates of Stockholm, 1680; 1680 Th. A. Fischer The Scots in Sweden (1907) 266.]
The informations you may safely rely upon, being such as I can warrant (to use the Scottish phrase) from my own fact & deed; 1693 J. Garden in Misc. 3 Spald. C. III 37.
The prejudices of [my] education, custom, and constant converse in the plain Scottish dialect; Sage Fundam. Chart. Presb. Pref. Sig. b. 2b.
(c) The tearmes of command in our Scots language; Kellie Pallas Armata 22.
Our Scots words of command are [etc.]; Ib. 32.
Congratulation in plain Scots Language to his Majesties Thrise Happy Return; 1660 Fugitive Poetry I xv title-page.
All speak English, after the Scots way, with as good an accent as any county in the kingdom; Wallace Orkney (ed. 2) 68.
A warlock that is a he-witch in our Scots language; 1697 Sermon on Witchcraft in Sc. Hist. Rev. VII 392.
The inhabitants of the Orcades … now … all speak the Scots language; 16… Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. III 1.
(d) I added the common English of every uncouth Scotch word; G. Stuart Joco-Ser. Disc. Pref.
Knaggs a Scotch word for a pin to hang any thing on; 1690 Brief Account of the Sufferings of the Church of Scotland 13.
His Latin speeches or rather his Scotch speeches ending in Latin terminations; Pitcairne Assembly (1752) Pref. viii.

f. Of proverbs and maxims in the lowland Scots language. (a) Our auld Scottis proverb, ‘Ane ȝule feist may be quat at Pase!’ 1616 Crim. Trials III 389.
(b) So that the Scotesh proverbe was trew in him; Knox I 116.
I wald not wische ȝow schir to conforme ȝoureself to the Scottische prouerbe (Wyis behind the hand); 1608 Breadalbane Lett. 4 July.
Yit ar they loathe, according to our Scottishe proverbe, to give him kaile of his owne peittis; 1614 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 160.
Sir George, after he had taken up the scepter, said … ‘The piper plays the worse that wants the nether chafts’ (being an old Scottish maxim); 1701 G. Ogilvie True Account of the Preservation of the Regalia of Scotland 8.
(c) As the Scots proverb saith; Fraser Polichron. 67.
That Scots proverb, ‘o' fast o'er loose’; Shields Hind Let Loose 320.

g. Of poetry, music and in musical instruments. (a) At quhais requeist this buik was translatit out of prois in Scottis meter; Rolland Seven S. Short Schawing (title).
The psalmis of David in Scottis metir; 1564–5 Reg. Privy S. V i 564/1.
Compylit in eloquent & ornate Scottis meter; 1571 Henr. (OUP) Introd. l.
Some revlis and cautelis to be obseruit and eschewit in Scottis poesie; James VI Poems I 65.
Wherin I … lernit sum thing … of the missours and cullors of Scottes ryme; Melvill 23.
(b) One of excellent ingyne in Scotish poesye; Knox I 64.
Some monuments of his engenie he [sc. Gavin Douglas] left in Scottish meeter; Spotsw. Hist. (1655) 101.
Once more the Cause and cov'nant comes To shew's a Scotish jig; 1661 True Character of a Ragged Presbyter 64.
(c) On hieland pypes Scots and Hybernik; Hume 54/58.
They go to singing of Scots-jiggs, in a jearing manner at the Covenanters; 1642 A Second Discovery of the Northern Scout 15.
A Scots iygg; 1658 R. Moray Lett. fol. 308 (25 April).

h. Of manufactured articles or artefacts, esp. cloth: Made in Scotland. (1) Scottis clath … had out of the land; 1398 Acts I 212/2.
Scottis russait; 1500 Treas. Acc. II 40.
Thre elne Scottis blak; Ib.
Scottis lynyn; 1502 Ib. 46.
Scottis tanne; Ib. 59.
All sorts of blak clayth, als weill Frainche clayth Flanders clayth as Scottis clayth; 1536 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 77.
Sex elnis Scottis blak to be harnessingis to mulatis; 1537 Treas. Acc. VI 335.
Hewit Scottis braid clayth; 1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II 201.
Twa pair of Scottis courtingis; Will A. Betoun
Scottis gray; 1562 Treas. Acc. XI 230.
Scottis manteling; Ib.
2 burd clayths of Scottis dornyk; 1565–6 Prot. Bk. Thomas Johnsoun 97.
Scottis grene grograme; 1575 Edinb. Test. III 352b.
Of Scottis coveringis xvj thairof fyiff red and yallow lynnit; 1580 Coll. Aberd. & B. 391.
Of Scottis & Inglis tartane fiftie fywe eln; 1584 Edinb. Test. XIV 107.
The lynnit Scottis blaik kirtill; 1584 Burntisland B. Ct. fol. 38a (10 Nov.).
Scottis blak for xxx s. the vlne; 1591 Crail B. Ct. MS 8 June.
Sewin wowin Scottis coveringis auld & new; 1595 Campbell Inv. in Argyll MS Inv. 24.
Scottis kaseris; 1596 Edinb. Test. XXIX 240b.
Scottis sey bumbasie; 1597 Tailor's Acc. Bk. A 8.
Ȝour honouris Scotis broun claith clok; 1606 Ib. 54.
Scotis cloking claytht; 1611 Brechin Test. II 173.
Ane sute of Scottes cloath and ane mandellcoat; 1667 Edinb. Test. LXXIII 86.
Workmen … now refyning and dressing of Scottes wooll at Kelso; 1672 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. III 472.
(b) Scottish blak to his hos; 1501 Treas. Acc. II 50.
A pair of Scottishe gray hoise; Knox II 358.
Ane Scotishe play'd; 1653 Soc. Ant. XXIII 303.
(c) Six pair of good Schotish blanketts; 1653 Soc. Ant. XXIII 302.
(d) Ane Scotts covering; 1595 Breadalbane Lett. 27 Aug.
A pair of hose of Scots gray; 1645 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXX 147.
Shoes maid of Scotts leather; 1656 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 163.
Let me know if you will have Scots temmin or other; 1684 Edinb. City Archives Letters Vol. II (32).
Scots cloath; 1696 Conv. Burghs IV 217.
The late act … anent the bureing in Scots lining may be put in execution; 1697 Sc. Ant. XIII 78.
(2) A Scottis thewtill wndyr thi belt to ber; Wall. i 218.
Ane lang Scottis countour, lockit and bandit. Ane lang seitt, and ane foarme of aik; 1542 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 574.
Ane Frence repar with ane Scottis skawbert thairone; 1543 Aberd. B. Rec. MS XVIII (Jam., s.v. Skawbert).
For [blank] dosoun of Scottis weschell deliverit … be Jhonne Achisoun, tailȝeour; 1543–4 Treas. Acc. VIII 269.
Scottis wairis, sic as claith, lynning, and woone, and vder smale cremary; 1556 Aberd. B. Rec. I 300.
The gudis and geir being within his faderis chalmer viz. ane Scottis compter ane Flanderis compter ane cop almery ane lettrome ane chair ane forme ane bed of aik ane gardywyot; 1564 Perth B. Ct. 105 (9 June).
Ane Scottis peice les nor ane cannoun, quhilk wes tane be the Inglismen at the feild of Flodane; scho wes callit ane of the sevin sistaris; Diurn. Occurr. 330.
Abone the west syid … lay tua Scottis iyrone peicies, at the north syid, the Scottis gros culveringis; Ib. 331.
Ane Scotis curlat coft be Wille Sawvrycht massone; 1577 Dumfries B. Ct. MS 14 June.
xxvc speir men veill areyit on horsbak in Scotis harnes and veaponis; Pitsc. II 14/25.
Certain merchandis, tappers of Scottis steill; 1591 (16 … ) Dundee B. Laws 130.
Ane grit Scottis kist; 1595 Campbell Inv. in Argyll MS Inv. 24.
Sex pundis of Scottis wax at x s. the pund; 1598 Edinb. Test. XXXI 351.
xviij rymms of Scottis paper at xxviij s. the ryme; 1606 Ib. XLII 108.
For vc Scottis dailles at 1 lib. c.; 1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 30.
Ane boitfull of Scottis tymber; 1630 Banff Ann. I 64.
Quhat Scottis pistollis, horsmen pistollis, carrobines, jakis, lances and corslettis; 1638 Black Bk. Taymouth 391.
The gunner … shewed us the cannons, some Scotes peices, some English, some French, some Flemish, one braze of 34 pound bal taken up out of that ship of the invincible armado; 1688 Lauder Jrnl. 184.
(b) I ordin my Skots diamond ring for my dir faither; 1649 Wemyss Chart. 233.
15 souse on a iockleg, my Scots on being stolen from me; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 159.
(c) [The schoolmaster to be paid 2 merks per] Scotch plough; 1619 J.M. Beale Fife Schools 130.
Scotch Longinges [? for hinginges] at sextein pennes the eln; 1632 Edinb. Test. LV 256.
The greatest part [of the artillery] of the Scotch-cases … each a carriage and frame, carrying 7 or 8 small peices; 1648 Declaration Duke Hamilton 1.

i. Of natural products: Of Scottish provenance, origin, growth, etc. This is the Reknyng of the Scotis woll the quhilk is roght be the marc; Scots Merchandise 115.
For certane sarking burd of Scotis ayk; 1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 189.
The King of Scotland send … Certane propper Scottis horssis, principallie of Galloway, with a greit number of guid Scottis halkeis to the King of Ingland; Leslie 79.
Ilk boitt … sall pay … ane barrell of small Scottis salt for thair licence to dry thair fische; 1594 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. 218.
But I purchased mor bothe of Scotes and Germane luna. As for sol minerall wee have enoughe in Scotland; c1608 Soc. Ant. XI 415.
Scottis irone at ii merk stane; 1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 65.
(b) If you long for a stocky of sower cakes & Scots grottes my cummer hath sent me some of them too; 1658 R. Moray Lett. fol. 247.
[Bill of Fare]: Scotts collops; 1698 Marchmont 183.

j. Of measures, or units of measurement (1) The quhilk sall wey xv lele troyis pundis ande at the stane be diuidyt in xvj lele Scottis pundis; 1425 Acts II 10/2.
Silk … mesourit with a Scottis elnwand; 1561 Inv. Q. Mary 21.
Thir tuo airmeis mairchit togither withtin the space of ane Scottis myle; Pitsc. I 247/14.
Ane last makis ane Scottis chalder; Bisset II 210/13.
(b) Of meille and malt called coist, ane last makis ane Scottish chalder; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Serplath.
The 12 ounces Troy weight of England weyes 12 ounces 3 drop weight 21 graines Scottish weight; Huntar Weights & Measures 3.
A Scottish myle containeth furlongs 8 [etc]; Ib. 9.
The old Scotish mile of 1184 paces, at 5 foot to the pace, which is very near the true sea-mile; Paterson Geog. Descr. 3.
Both … joyntly digging, found a vessel as large as a Scottish-peck; Kirk Secr. Commonw. (1964) 258.
(c) The towne … is a Scots mile in length; Lithgow Siege Breda 7.
The king hes vpon the coinage of everie Scots staine of silver bulyion 64 li.; 1641 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I xxx.
The ounce Trose Scots is havier than the said ounce of Antwerpe by 1 denier of 24 grs preciselie; Ib. lxxix.
Ilk Scots pynt of the same brandy; 1673 Curiosities Charta Chest 18.
All Ingliss candle to be sold for ane yeir with the Scots weight; 1674 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 7 Oct.
No merchant … shall presume … to … sell … anie confitts whyt sweities … bot be trew Scots weight onlie; 1677 Edinb. B. Rec. X 292.
The Dean of Gild's weights of Edinburgh … are heavier than the Scots Troy weight, by two unces and a half every stone weight; 1681 Consideration on the Scots Mint (1691) 23.
About a Scots ell long; 1682 Curiosities Charta Chest 31.
The old Scotts inches; 1697 Glasgow B. Rec. IV 249.
A Scots stone weight is still 16 pound weight ther; 16… Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. III 34.
(2) xv elnis Scottis of satyne price of the eln lviii s.; 1578 Edinb. Test. VI 84b.
Sex scoir sex ellis Scotis; 1589–1600 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 50a.
1 ell halfe ell Scottis; 1669 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I 164.
(3) [294] stane Scottis wecht; 1595 Reg. Privy C. V 252.
Ilk hwde of beir contening in Scottis messour aucht bollis; 1613 Conv. Burghs II 394.

k. Of currency, or of coins minted in Scotland. Sometimes following the sum specified. (1) In demyis and Scottis crovnis; 1488 Treas. Acc. I 79.
Ane crovn with the halff commonly callit the Scottis crovn and demy, ten s.; 1489 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 549.
xxvij Scottis … ridaris; 1503 Treas. Acc. II 206.
Twa Scottis pistolattis price of thame bayth xliiij s.; 1567 Edinb. Test. I 75b.
Ane Scottis plak; 1576 Bentinck Dornoch 135.
Thair salbe ane penny or pece of gould prentit and cunȝeit of xxj carrat fyne and the same to haue cours … for xl s. money … and to be callit the Scottis croune; 1579 Acts III 150/1.
Resevit fra George Allane of skotis gould ic xiii v pound pecis; 1600 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 33a.
Euery freman … sall pay owklie ane Scottis penny to the box; 1600 Glasgow Wrights 45.
I leiff hir ane Scotis peice of gould; 1610 Edinb. Test. XLVI 172.
Ane peice Scottis gold of Quein Marie straik; 1620 Orkney & Shetl. Test. I 52b.
Ane Scottis pennie yeirlie … in name off blenshe ferme; 1658 Paisley B. Rec. 102.
(b) The Schoyttis crownyt groit; 1468 12th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. viii 143.
(c) Ane Scots pennie in name of blenchdewtie; 1654 Glasg. Univ. Mun. I 324.
A good Scots four shilling piece; 1658 R. Moray Lett. fol. 227.
Act anent … old Scots merk-pieces; 1695 Acts 25 July.
(2) Twenty pundis Scottis; 1474 Aberd. B. Rec. in Misc. Spald. C. V 24.
Four score of merkis Scottis; 1474 Ib.
For ilk crown xviij s. Scottis; 1507 Treas. Acc. III 279.
For ilk schillynge in Danskin iij d. Scottis; 1535–6 Perth Guildry p. 201 (18 Feb.).
Foure hundreth markis Scottis; 1572–3 State P. (Reg. H.) MS 95.
Everie guidling is twenty foure shillingis Scottis; c1607–15 Goudie Shetl. Antiq. 158.
Ane hundreth markis Scotis; 1661 Glasgow B. Rec. II 460.
Under the paine of three pund Scottis ilk persone; 1679 Musselburgh 117.
Right … to exact six shillings Scottis for each last of tarr in tyme comeing; 1687 Edinb. B. Rec. XI 194.
(b) xm pounds Schotes; 1547 Cal. Sc. P. I 4.
(c) 10 s. Scots; 1638 Glasg. Univ. Mun. I 280.
2 merks Scotts the Scotts pynt; 1645 Army of the Covenant I 163.
Six schillings eight pennyes Scots; 1663 S. Ronaldshay 42.
Thrie pound and a merk Scots; 1672 Acts. VIII 86/1.
Six pundis Scots for ane sadle brydle and furnitur six shilling for ane quantitie of butterr; 1678 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 14 May.
The passes are procured … at 2 pennies Scots the peece; 1685 Nat. Reg. Archives (Scotl.) Rep. (Ewart Lib., Dumfries) 33.
On hwndered pownd Scotts; 1686 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII 48.
10 merks Scots yearly; c1690 Cunningham Diary 128.
Twenty shillings Scots [are to be coined] out of the pound [of copper]; 1690 Acts 19 July.
The goods … valued … to xxx lb. vij s. Scotts; 1698 Edinb. Test. LXXX 271.
(d) Thrie-scoar tuelfe punds Scoats of silver meall; 1659 Irvine Mun. II 83.
(3) Fourty schillingis Scottis mone; 1491 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 327.
Som in Scottis mony; 1495 Halyb. 20.
Summa in Inglis monee xxxv li., and in Scottis monee jcxxij li. x s.; 1503 Treas. Acc. II 215.
To gif her also for ane pecuniall pane xxvj s. viij d. Scottis mony; 1562 Aberd. B. Rec. I 352.
In frie blenshe ferme for payment yeirlie of ane penny Scottis money; 1614 Oliphants 185.
Courteines estimat to xvj lib. Scottes money; 1661 Edinb. Test. LXX 91b.
Ten merke Scotis money ilke boll thairof; 1677 Corshill Baron Ct. 143.
The heall bookis … in his choap, estimat all to be worth jml l. Scottis money; 1683 Misc. Bann. C. II 289.
He sayes that he will have three pounds Scotis money for ech tree; 1701 Seafield Corr. 329.
(b) The somme of 6000 marks Scottishe; 1584 Gowrie P. 28.
(c) 5000 pound Shotishe; 1653 Soc. Ant. XXIII 308.
(d) Ten thousand punds Scots money; 1630 Aberd. Council Lett. I 316.
Ane merk Scotts money; 1641 Acts V 676/2.
Sexscoir pounds Scotts money; 1654 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) May.
Ane imposition of two pennies Scots money … upon every pint of ale; 1690 Acts IX 206/1.
Five pund and twelve shiling Skotts mune; 1705–42 Irvine Mun. II 319.
(e) [12 pennies, or a shilling scotch … is a penny sterling; ?1662 Ray Remains in
Cunningham Diary xl.
Thirteen pence half-penny English is a mark Scotch; Ib. ]
The sowme of seavin merks monie Scotts; 1654 Rothesay B. Rec. 3.
Foure pund Scottis payment; 1505 Rec. Earld. Orkney 204.

l. In other applications. The Scottis hous, cf. Scotch house ‘a characteristic style of 17th c. house which succeeded the early fortified tower as a laird's dwelling’ (SND). (a) The Scottis defens so sykkyr was and keyn; Wall. ix 850.
Feill Scottis hors was drewyn in to trawaill; Ib. x 703.
Baneris of Scotland, havand Sanct Androis croce abone thair harnes, on the Scottis maner; Bell. Boece II 365.
viij compteris of Flanderis and Scottiswerkis; 1546 Acta Conc. & Sess. MS XXI 52b.
Contenit in the volome of the Scottis Croniculis; Bellenden Bann. MS 370a/97 colophon.
Think tyme to ceis Scottis blude to spill; Maitland Maitl. F. 324/19.
Sum Inglis lyis and Scottis vanite; 1577 Buch. Wr. 58.
The aulde Skottis facon; James VI Basil. Doron 178/7.
I leif to the biging and repairing of the Scottis hous fyve hundreth merkis; 1598 Misc. Bann. C. II 228.
For thar Scotis half hiris and Frenche half hiris; 1594–1600 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 77b.
3 bakat stullis of Scottis work; 1610 Hist. Kinloss A. xi.
(b) All the Scoittis schippes that war in France war all arreistit; Pitsc. II 242/3.
(c) And this is a part of the obligation of our Scotishe kyndnes; Knox ii 324.
Ȝit it is not ane Scottische tred [sc. to banish traitors]; Maitl. Q. 187/46.
So tressoun is no Scottische gyse; Ib. 189/73.
He would teach him the Scottish fashion; 1600 Crim. Trials II 214.
Plading of Scottish making; 1612 Bk. Rates (Halyb.) 336.
As to our Scottische occurrentis they ar few in number; 1615 Sutherland Bk. II 116.
The proposition said he I understand; the assumption is Scottish and the conclusion false; Hume Orthog. 18.
We … was kyndle intertinit and feasted boith be the Inglisch and Scottisch collegis; 1619 Mar & Kellie MSS Suppl. 94.
That Italizing craft of Scottish windings, and secret underminings; Scot Course of Conformity 8.
The Scottish kirke the English church doe name, The English church the Scotes a kirke doe call; Drummond II 205/1.
It is said his majestie commendit our Scottish intertynnement; Spalding I 42.
That John Smyth shall be master of the Scottish Schoole; 1679 Musselburgh 72.
(d) If thaye had a lytill of our Scots humore; 1613 Mar & Kellie MSS Suppl. 52.
Now good crissined gossup in the auld Scotts fassion; 1623 Ib. 159.
Such Scots mistie weather as may weet an English man to the skin; Prognostication.
xj spoones, Scots worke; 1640 Kirkcudbr. Min. Bk. 35.
For re-establishing the Scotts steple there [sc. Campheer]; 1675 Aberd. Council Lett. V 419.
Until James the unjust claimed it in a Scots proclamation; Shields Hind Let Loose 416.
(e) Ther is risen up of late a sect called the Scotch paper sect … that hath plots and designs; 1646 Corrector of Answerer to Speech Justifying Thos. Challoner 12.
Many well meaning men that having lost their way in a Scotch mist; 1648 Designs of the Present Committee of Estates 5, 6.
Their knowledge of Scotch laws and customs; Late Proceedings 5.
The chief conduct of the Scotch affairs; Ib. 36.

2. Of or pertaining to, the Scots, the Gaelic-speaking incomers to the west of Scotland. See Scot n. 2. Quots. Monro may properly belong to 1 above, see the note to Scot n. The source of the quot. 1570 Calderwood MS is a 19th c. transcript of one of the notes not used by Calderwood in his History. It is possible in this instance that Scottish is an error for Irish. [Locus qui uocatur lingua Scottica Inche affren; c1200 Inchaffray Chart. 9.]
In oure ancient Scottis tong ‘quhayn’ is callit ‘kane’ and ‘bowcht’, ‘the congregacioun of schepe’; Boece 231b.
Gif ony war than of the Scottis blude In Albioun … Tha sould be all into the Pechtis will; Stewart 19833.
He lerit Scottis leid guhen he was exilit; Abell 52a.
Mr. John Robertsone, Thesaurer of Rosse, to assist Mr. Donald Monroe, Commissioner of Rosse; because the said commissioner was not prompt in the Scottish tongue; 1570 Calderwood MS in Bk. Univ. Kirk I 175.
And Beda in the descriptione of Britanie vryttis that thair is fyve toungis in it, the Inglishe toung, the Britonis toung, the Scottis toung, the Pichtis toung, and the Latine toung; Burne Disput. in Cath. Tr. 129/25.
Within this tomb [on Iona] … thair lyis 48 crownit Scottis Kings; Monro W. Isles (1961) 62.
Upon the north side of our Scottis tomb the inscription beiris Tumulus Regum Norvegiæ; Ib. 63.
Ther is no cause that moves me to mak so light account of the decay of the ancient Scots tongue as that to my contentment I perceaue those barbar sounds by litle and litle to parish; Read Buch. 5.

B. absol. as noun. 1. The vernacular of lowland Scotland; the ‘older Scottish tongue’. Also attrib. Quot. Spalding (see (1) below) may be an instance of Scot n. 1 pl. Also, broad Scots. (1) So me behufyt quhilum … Sum bastard Latyn, French or Inglys oys Quhar scant was Scottis; Doug. i Prol. 118.
Ane instructioun for bairnis to be lernit in Scotis and Latene; 1559 Reg. Privy S. V i 144.
Gif ȝe, throw curiositie of nouationis, hes forȝet our auld plane Scottis quhilk ȝour mother lerit ȝou, … I sall wryte to ȝou … in Latin; Winȝet I 138/9.
I haue causit him … subscryue his awin depositioune, vpoun the quhilk ȝour lo[rdship] will get mater eneuche to gar him speak Scottis; 1614 Crim. Trials III 289.
In respek of the great number of Scotsmen that is ther [sc. Bourges] … it was impossible to us not to speake Scotis; 1617 Mar & Kellie MSS Suppl. 81.
[At Newbattle the Kirk-Session ordained] everie scholar to pay 10 s. for lairning to reid and write Scottis; 1626 Edgar Old Church Life II 119 n.
Teach the scholeris to read and wreat Scottis; 1627 Statutes for Heriot's Hospital in A. Law Educ. Edinb. 18th c. (Edinb. Ph.D., 1959) 342.
That they speik Latine … and that none be fund speiking Scottes; 1628 Edinb. Univ. Chart. 124.
Mr. Adame … takis … vpone him the charge of ane scoolemaister … for learning of Scottis and Latine; 1646 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. II 787.
Sum thocht thay [sc. the English] war now begining to lichtlie oure Scottis, tending to ane nationall querrell; Spalding II 384.
The small penalties … in this and uther colledgis … For speaking Scotis toties quoties 2 d.; 1659 Edinb. B. Rec. IX 145.
Everie one that learnis Scots, everie Latiner [etc.] … [to pay] … ane xij d. mo ilk ane; 1680 Rothesay Par. Rec. 53.
(b) An instrument called in Scottish a Turkas; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 222.
All schoole-masters shall teach in Scotish or Latine … the Catechisme; Canons Eccles. Ch. Scotl. 27.
Cause Angous and Rothus … to speik plaine Scottish to my Lord Duke of Lennox; 1637 Baillie I 14.
All the childrein learning Scottish; 1640 Dundonald Par. Rec. 466.
For the language, it is my mother-tongue, that is, Scottish, and why not to Scottish-men?; Hume Douglas To Reader.
He planted ministers who understood not Irish into paroshines wher ther was not a word Scottish; J. Gordon Hist. II 145.
Ib. I 176.
Ilk chyld within the parish … being taught … in the vulgar and Scottisch in reiding and wryteing; 1668 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I 178.
(c) Whose riggs speake English and their falted furres, Forgetting Scots, can speek with gilded spurres; 1633 Lithgow Poet. Remains 94.
I must speak Scots; Copie of a Baron's Court (1821) 26.
No certaine number of lessons can be appointed for them quho learns Scots, to get it being a thing that depends on the tyme of the yeir, [etc.]; 1640 Dundonald Par. Rec. 466.
Which J. [? = I] have rendered in Scots so; Stockholm New Year's Gift Sig. A 2b.
I fell to and abuse them [sc. Frenchmen] in Scots, as logerhead, ye are a sheip, etc. Their was no way I could anger them worse then to speak in Scots to them; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 121.
The quarter payments for the schoolers [were] 23 s. 4 d. for Latine, and 16 s. 8 d. for the Scots; 1676 McKay Kilmarnock 135.
Efter publict reading of the said lybill of treasone in Scots; 1685 Acts VIII App. 46/1.
(2) The nature of my jests shall be such, as we call in Latin, Seria mixta jocis, and in broad Scots, half jest half earnest; Dick Testim. 48.
And Runolph Jonas, in his small Islandick dictionary … has some thousands of words which have much the affinity with what we call broad Scots; a1706 Sibbald Hist. of Picts in Misc. Scot. I ii 72.
Ib. i 75.
(b) I was obliged to read so many books written in right broad Scotch … that ‘tis little to be wondered if my book abounds with Scotticisms; Sage Fundam. Chart. Presb. Pref. Sig. b 2b.
(3) Thir new bukis maid be the said Lutheris secteis baith in Latyne, Scottis, Inglis and Flemys; 1534 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 422.
Quhylk ȝe may se be lettres wryt batht into Franc and into Scottis; c1535 Lennox Mun. II 349.
It salbe lefull to all our souirane ladyis lieges to haif the haly write … in the vulgar toung in Inglis or Scottis of ane gude and trew translatioun; 1542–3 Acts II 415/1.
Maister Williame Stewart, To mak in Scottis, richt weill he knew that art; Rolland Seven S. Prol. 25.
[The regent] sal geif the interpretation in Scottis correspondant to the Latin, garrying thayme all writ; Buch. Wr. 8.
Ane uther wryting in Scottis; Id. Detect. (1727) 93.
Quhilk summondis … being red … first in Latine thairefter in Scottis; 1579 Acts III 134/1.
Icon, quhilke in Greke is namet ane image in Scotis; Dalr. I 269/7.
Exprement planelie and perfytlie in Scotis; Ib. II 180/9.
He … caused imprent the samin stemmattis at Rowane in Scottis, Latyne [etc]; Bisset I 6/31.
(4) The figuris of armes [etc.] … translatit owt of Fraynche in Scottis; Loutfut MS 78a.
The Porteous of Noblenes translatit out of Franche in Scottis be Maistir Androw Cadiou; Ch. & M. Prints (STS) 65/133.
A … buke … Neulie translatit in Scottis; Winȝet II xxxv title-page.
Translatit out of Frenche into Scottis; Gathering of the Halie Signes (title) in Winȝet I lxxiv.
In Scotis translated at Regensburgh in the Scotis clostir of Byrland be ane religious brother thair; Dalr. I v title-page.
A special takne of his ingine was in translateng the Eneids of Virgil in Scotis; Ib. II 179/29.
attrib. [The inhabitants [of Ayr] forbidden to send their children to any other Scots schools than the public Scots school]; 1675 Grant Burgh Schools 136.
To Androw Watsone, Scots dominie; 1693 Stirling B. Rec. II 340.

2. = Scot n. 1 pl. The Scottish humelie desyrit his majestie to appoint sum of the English to heir thair humill desyres; Spalding I 214.

3. The Gaelic language, supposedly spoken by the Scots before they arrived in Ireland, and then believed to survive as Basque (see quot.). Than wes in it [sc. Britain] thre natyownys, Scottish, Peychtis and Brettownys. Part off the Scottis yhit left in Spayn, Quhen thai war cumyn in tyll Brettane, And Scottis thai spekys halyly. And yhit are callyde Navarry; Wynt. ii 857.

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"Scottis adj., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jan 2022 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/scottis>



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