A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Strang(e, Strainge, adj. (adv.). Also: straynge, streng(e, straunge, strawnge. [ME and e.m.E. straunge (c1290), strange (1297), strawnge (Cath. Angl.), OF estrange (1080 in Larousse), L. extrāneus external, foreign.]
A. adj. 1. Of persons or things: Of another country, foreign, alien; belonging to a place other than one's own, unknown in one's own locality.
(a) The king arywyt in Arane … And speryt … tithand Off ony strang [C. strange] men in that land; Barb. iv 469.
Barb. ix 688.
Throw strang men [F. gent d'estranges terres] ar men succured in feild; Alex. ii 2671.
His bredyre ten salde hym [sc. Joseph] for-thi Tyll strang [C., W. strange] merchandys for inwy; Wynt. ii 322.
Of ilk fraell of saip remanand in the burgh of strangemanis vnsauld; Ship Laws c. 4 (H1).
Of herberyng of strange men [L. de advenis hospitandis]; Acts I 5/2.
And ilk strange man [L. extraneus] that aw custom … for a bol [of salt] he sal gyf nocht; Acts I 308/2.
Ambassadouris of strange princis suld nocht be stroublit; Hay I 235/17.
He chargit nayne bot at thair awne gud will; For thai war strang [1570 Thocht thai war strangeris]; Wall. iv 179.
This other buke … Quhilk vndir cullour of sum strange Franch wycht so Franchly leys; Doug. i Prol. 269.
All strang shippes resortand to the port and peir of this brugh; 1550 (c1650) Dundee B. Laws 13.
Tyll strange pepyll thoucht He hes geuin lycence To be our scurge; Lynd. Mon. 88.
To pronunce of wordis ten thousand In strange langage; Lynd. Mon. 634.
We hartlie renunce … prayeris in strange language, and multipliing of them to certane numer; 1559–60 St. A. Kirk S. 13.
Lat ws go and follow strange Godis, quhome thow misknawis; Winȝet II 32/30.
The said minister and elders have interdytit … all the members of thair said paroch to supplie strange beggars comming from any other paroch quhatsoever in any sort of … meit, drink, loodging; 1635 Dundonald Par. Rec. 399.
O Saue me from strang children's hands [L. alieni genarum]; Mure Psalmes cxliv 7.
(b) Na burges dwelland in the burgh aw to herbery a straynge man langar na a nycht in hys hows; Burgh Laws c. 92 (B).
The oncoutht ande straynge pepil sal eyt the frute of the eyrd that thou hes lauborit; Compl. 24/20.
(c) Thou sal haif na oder strenge godis; Gau 8/25.
b. Of a country or place: Foreign; situated outside one's own land.
Chefftanys … and maste oure-men Of that straynge natyowne That mad this felle dystructyowne; Wynt. vi 1573.
The schip passis out of the land and cummis to Burdeus or to ony vthir strange steid; Ship Laws c. 1 (H2).
Gif schippis of othir strange kynrykis arryfis in the kyngis lande of Scotlande; Acts I 25/2.
This maid … wes Ȝoung faderles leuit and eik modirles In strenge lond; Colk. Sow ii 217.
For the haisty expeditioun of justice betwix nychtbour and nychtbour of this burgh and betwix ws and thame of straynge realmes and countreyis; 1492 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 63.
Of the infirmitey cumm out of Franche and strang partis; 1497 Aberd. B. Rec. I 425.
Eneas … mony strange wentis hes salyt by; Doug. iii viii heading.
All the spaymen declaris, … Thar suld cum to remane in Italy, Fra strange costis [L. externis ab oris], to be our son in law, A douchty man; Doug. vii iv 179.
Compl. 96/35, etc.
Isaac passit in to ane strenge cuntre … for to eschew the dertht; Makeson Genesis 5b.
Mackleine ane gret man of the Yleis … thinkand that he was intill ane strang cuntrie and amang his enimyes handys; Pitsc. I 274/9.
Leeving lang strangers in ane strange cuntrie; 1616 Misc. Hist. Soc. II 154.
2. Of a person: That does not belong to one's own kin, unrelated.
Sen his are he hes me made and tane … I sall keip [= prevent] him strange aris to ma; Hay Alex. 2147.
3. Unknown, unfamiliar; not met with before. Also const. to.
(1) Ȝe sould not mak ȝour messinger Of ane pure man that strange [F. povre home estrange] wer; Alex. i 724.
The moss was strang, to ryde thaim was no but; Wall. iv 273.
Ȝone strange knycht I wis He has the lykest ryng to this; Seven S. 2391.
In aventour this present writting be nocht our legiable for the strange leid and termis contenit … ban nocht the hand that wret it for it is als obscoir to the wrettar; c1500 Goudie Shetl. Antiq. 172.
As thou art careit till a strange cost [L. ignota ad litora vectum]; Doug. vii ii 45.
Auld thesauris and hurdis fundin in diuers placis replete of strange money; Boece 183.
With strange delicate chere began to spring strange maladeis vnkend afore; Boece 75.
Than sal ȝour plesour turne in pyne, Quhen ane strange hounter blawis his horne; Lynd. Compl. Bagsche 206.
He haid rather speak fyve words to the vnderstanding and edefeing of his people, then ten thowsand in a strainge tongue whilk they understand not; 1538–9 Crim. Trials I i 215.
Quhen ve happyn to cum in ony straynge companye; Compl. 133/31.
Yf any be noted … bringyng in any strange doctrine, he must be admonished by the moderatouris; Bk. Disc. 244.
Force me compellis strange termes to forbeir, Within my box thairs few to get or leir; Rolland Seven S. Prol. 172.
That ye … bring not in an strange doctrine and vncouth in the Church of God; aliene and inpertinent … to Gods word; 1563 Ferg. Tracts 7.
In dreid sum strainge new institutioun Cum and our custome put away; Maitl. Q. 19/89.
Our craig and cleuch … Ay feiring for to find sum mortall fall So strict and strainge that vay becam; J. Stewart 226 § 104.
infl. pl. Consideringe the incressinge of hereces and strangis opinionis amangis the commone pepill; c1545 St. A. Univ. Rec. xxi.
(2) Thare namys I can noucht all declere, For thai ar strawnge till yhow till here … Thai are noucht eth till wndyrstand, … Expressyd to be in oure langage; Wynt. viii 634.
So nyce array, so strange to thair abbay, Within this land was nevir hard nor sene; Dunb. (STS) xiv 9.
True it is that this weaning (or speaning as we terme it) … is a thing straunge to the flesh; 1565 Knox VI 253.
The same commissioun [of justiciary] wes … worthelie reduceit … as a power strange and unsufferabill to be in the persoun of ony inferior subject; 1582–3 Reg. Privy C. III 541.
4. Exceptional, extreme (in degree or intensity).
Efter quhose deith quhat strainge aduersiteis, Quhat gret mysreule, in to this regioun rang; Lynd. Test. Pap. 525.
5. Unusual, abnormal, peculiar; difficult to understand or account for.
(a) The king profferit him to gang, and maid ane strange fair; Rauf C. 147.
This is bot a fantesy And littill poynt of poetry … And ȝit this is a strange cais; Colk. Sow i 437.
Than suddanly … We se a strange man of form onknaw; Doug. iii ix 5.
Becaus the procreation and nature of salmond is … strange, we have inserit the maner thairof in this buke; Bell. Boece I xlii.
Quhose jugementis ar vncersiabyll And strange wayis inuestigabyll; Lynd. Mon. 6101.
‘Flesche and bluid sal nocht possesse the kyngdome of heawine’. Thir vordis apperis strange, considderrynge [etc.]; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 121/24.
Thir haistie heitis sa sall ȝe slokin, Thocht it seme neuer sa strange; 1570 Sat. P. xxi 96.
Ye can never be excuissed befoir God of this freammed and strange intreatment of your wyff; Knox II 378.
He knawes the strange instinctions all … Of fishes and of flichtring fouls; Hume 21/129.
Heir is ane stranger battel nor ever was fouchtin; Rollock Wks. I 413.
Being in Falkland I saw a funambulus, a Frenchman, play strang and incredible prattiks upon stented takell in the palace-clos; Melvill 487.
Schoe took a strang and uncow disease; 1650 Dunlop P. II 95.
Mr. Alexr. thinks it strange he should be lybelled upon this head; it had been more fit he had lybelled his parishioners; 1698 S. Ronaldshay 70.
(b) Strainge; 1638 Johnston Diary (1911) I 332.
(c) Thay wer full strenge of countenance, Lyk turkas birnand reid; Dunb. (STS) xxvi 86.
[Our friends may think it] strenge & uncoutht [that the French are] sa lang onfouchin [with]; 1560 Cal. Sc. P. I 292.
Streng; 1615 Highland P. III 224.
(d) Is no this a strawnge case that they wil not suffer that gwdeman to live amangst ws? 1569 Sc. Hist. Rev. I 40.
Hee was commaunded to have a most straunge torment … His nailes upon all his fingers were riven and pulled off; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 222.
6. Unfriendly, cold, distant. Also, to keep strange, to behave in a cold or distant manner.
(1) My freind, cum neir, And be nocht strange, I thé requeir; Dunb. (STS) lxix 32.
If ye in tymes past, were strange and nyce; Norvell Meroure 13b.
I fand hir of ane staffage kynd, Bath staitly, strange, and he; Scott xxi 18.
Be scho strange & vnkynd I gif hir to fary; Bann. MS 256a/15.
Diuers noblemen writt to hir, requiring to knaw the trewth of hir strange and irreverent handilling; 1568 Hosack Mary Q. of Scots I 544.
Thocht that this warld be verie strange And thevis hes done my rowmes range And teymd my fald; Maitl. F. 329/1.
I was the caus of his maladie becaus of the regrait that he had that I was sa strange unto him; Buch. Detect. (1727) 133.
O gif luif causis strainge inamitie; Maitl. Q. 107/106.
Ather man I vse scurrilitie Or ellis sic strainge and vncouth fremmidnes; Arbuthnot in Maitl. Q. 121/88.
Ane new fairweill a strainge gudnicht Of thé periurd and ladye fals; Maitl. Q. 253/1.
In youre prayer be nather ouir strainge uith God … nor yett ouir hamelie uith him; James VI Basil. Doron 38/6.
I heir that our cousing is sumthing strange and heycht; 15… Crawford Mun. Invent. II 58.
(2) Friends keep strange among others; but, when they are alone, they unbosom themselves to one another; Fraser Lawfulness Separ. 132.
7. Unfamiliar with, unaccustomed to (something).
And though I was vnto ȝour lawis strange, By ignorance, and noght by felonye; Kingis Q. § 102.
8. To make (it) strange, to make difficulties, refuse cooperation.
Suppois thow raynge ouir all the grange … Still will scho maynge and mak it straynge And giff the syne anewch; Balnaves in Maitl. F. 359/95.
9. comb. With -like, as quasi-adv.: = 5 above.
And may make us all reverence His way, although it look strange-like unto flesh; Durham Comm. Rev. 490.
B. adv. To think strange of (something), to think (something) strange.
Religion is an uncouth business; truly when I have heard of the seriousness of several folks I thought strange of it; ?1660–90 J. Walwood in
P. Gillespie Rulers Sins (1718) 13.
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"Strang(e adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/strange_adj>
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