A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

Strang(e, Strainge, adj. (adv.). Also: straynge, streng(e, straunge, strawnge. [ME and e.m.E. straunge (c1290), strange (1297), strawnge (Cath. Angl.), OF estrange (1080 in Larousse), L. extrāneus external, foreign.]

A. adj. 1. Of persons or things: Of another country, foreign, alien; belonging to a place other than one's own, unknown in one's own locality. (a) The king arywyt in Arane … And speryt … tithand Off ony strang [C. strange] men in that land; Barb. iv 469.
Barb. ix 688.
Throw strang men [F. gent d'estranges terres] ar men succured in feild; Alex. ii 2671.
His bredyre ten salde hym [sc. Joseph] for-thi Tyll strang [C., W. strange] merchandys for inwy; Wynt. ii 322.
Of ilk fraell of saip remanand in the burgh of strangemanis vnsauld; Ship Laws c. 4 (H1).
Of herberyng of strange men [L. de advenis hospitandis]; Acts I 5/2.
And ilk strange man [L. extraneus] that aw custom … for a bol [of salt] he sal gyf nocht; Acts I 308/2.
Ambassadouris of strange princis suld nocht be stroublit; Hay I 235/17.
He chargit nayne bot at thair awne gud will; For thai war strang [1570 Thocht thai war strangeris]; Wall. iv 179.
This other buke … Quhilk vndir cullour of sum strange Franch wycht so Franchly leys; Doug. i Prol. 269.
All strang shippes resortand to the port and peir of this brugh; 1550 (c1650) Dundee B. Laws 13.
Tyll strange pepyll thoucht He hes geuin lycence To be our scurge; Lynd. Mon. 88.
To pronunce of wordis ten thousand In strange langage; Lynd. Mon. 634.
We hartlie renunce … prayeris in strange language, and multipliing of them to certane numer; 1559–60 St. A. Kirk S. 13.
Lat ws go and follow strange Godis, quhome thow misknawis; Winȝet II 32/30.
The said minister and elders have interdytit … all the members of thair said paroch to supplie strange beggars comming from any other paroch quhatsoever in any sort of … meit, drink, loodging; 1635 Dundonald Par. Rec. 399.
O Saue me from strang children's hands [L. alieni genarum]; Mure Psalmes cxliv 7.
(b) Na burges dwelland in the burgh aw to herbery a straynge man langar na a nycht in hys hows; Burgh Laws c. 92 (B).
The oncoutht ande straynge pepil sal eyt the frute of the eyrd that thou hes lauborit; Compl. 24/20.
(c) Thou sal haif na oder strenge godis; Gau 8/25.

b. Of a country or place: Foreign; situated outside one's own land. Chefftanys … and maste oure-men Of that straynge natyowne That mad this felle dystructyowne; Wynt. vi 1573.
The schip passis out of the land and cummis to Burdeus or to ony vthir strange steid; Ship Laws c. 1 (H2).
Gif schippis of othir strange kynrykis arryfis in the kyngis lande of Scotlande; Acts I 25/2.
This maid … wes Ȝoung faderles leuit and eik modirles In strenge lond; Colk. Sow ii 217.
For the haisty expeditioun of justice betwix nychtbour and nychtbour of this burgh and betwix ws and thame of straynge realmes and countreyis; 1492 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 63.
Of the infirmitey cumm out of Franche and strang partis; 1497 Aberd. B. Rec. I 425.
Eneas … mony strange wentis hes salyt by; Doug. iii viii heading.
All the spaymen declaris, … Thar suld cum to remane in Italy, Fra strange costis [L. externis ab oris], to be our son in law, A douchty man; Doug. vii iv 179.
Compl. 96/35, etc.
Isaac passit in to ane strenge cuntre … for to eschew the dertht; Makeson Genesis 5b.
Mackleine ane gret man of the Yleis … thinkand that he was intill ane strang cuntrie and amang his enimyes handys; Pitsc. I 274/9.
Leeving lang strangers in ane strange cuntrie; 1616 Misc. Hist. Soc. II 154.

2. Of a person: That does not belong to one's own kin, unrelated. Sen his are he hes me made and tane … I sall keip [= prevent] him strange aris to ma; Hay Alex. 2147.

3. Unknown, unfamiliar; not met with before. Also const. to. (1) Ȝe sould not mak ȝour messinger Of ane pure man that strange [F. povre home estrange] wer; Alex. i 724.
The moss was strang, to ryde thaim was no but; Wall. iv 273.
Ȝone strange knycht I wis He has the lykest ryng to this; Seven S. 2391.
In aventour this present writting be nocht our legiable for the strange leid and termis contenit … ban nocht the hand that wret it for it is als obscoir to the wrettar; c1500 Goudie Shetl. Antiq. 172.
As thou art careit till a strange cost [L. ignota ad litora vectum]; Doug. vii ii 45.
Auld thesauris and hurdis fundin in diuers placis replete of strange money; Boece 183.
With strange delicate chere began to spring strange maladeis vnkend afore; Boece 75.
Than sal ȝour plesour turne in pyne, Quhen ane strange hounter blawis his horne; Lynd. Compl. Bagsche 206.
He haid rather speak fyve words to the vnderstanding and edefeing of his people, then ten thowsand in a strainge tongue whilk they understand not; 1538–9 Crim. Trials I i 215.
Quhen ve happyn to cum in ony straynge companye; Compl. 133/31.
Yf any be noted … bringyng in any strange doctrine, he must be admonished by the moderatouris; Bk. Disc. 244.
Force me compellis strange termes to forbeir, Within my box thairs few to get or leir; Rolland Seven S. Prol. 172.
That ye … bring not in an strange doctrine and vncouth in the Church of God; aliene and inpertinent … to Gods word; 1563 Ferg. Tracts 7.
In dreid sum strainge new institutioun Cum and our custome put away; Maitl. Q. 19/89.
Our craig and cleuch … Ay feiring for to find sum mortall fall So strict and strainge that vay becam; J. Stewart 226 § 104.
infl. pl. Consideringe the incressinge of hereces and strangis opinionis amangis the commone pepill; c1545 St. A. Univ. Rec. xxi.
(2) Thare namys I can noucht all declere, For thai ar strawnge till yhow till here … Thai are noucht eth till wndyrstand, … Expressyd to be in oure langage; Wynt. viii 634.
So nyce array, so strange to thair abbay, Within this land was nevir hard nor sene; Dunb. (STS) xiv 9.
True it is that this weaning (or speaning as we terme it) … is a thing straunge to the flesh; 1565 Knox VI 253.

b. Unprecedented. The same commissioun [of justiciary] wes … worthelie reduceit … as a power strange and unsufferabill to be in the persoun of ony inferior subject; 1582–3 Reg. Privy C. III 541.

4. Exceptional, extreme (in degree or intensity). Efter quhose deith quhat strainge aduersiteis, Quhat gret mysreule, in to this regioun rang; Lynd. Test. Pap. 525.

5. Unusual, abnormal, peculiar; difficult to understand or account for. (a) The king profferit him to gang, and maid ane strange fair; Rauf C. 147.
This is bot a fantesy And littill poynt of poetry … And ȝit this is a strange cais; Colk. Sow i 437.
Than suddanly … We se a strange man of form onknaw; Doug. iii ix 5.
Becaus the procreation and nature of salmond is … strange, we have inserit the maner thairof in this buke; Bell. Boece I xlii.
Quhose jugementis ar vncersiabyll And strange wayis inuestigabyll; Lynd. Mon. 6101.
‘Flesche and bluid sal nocht possesse the kyngdome of heawine’. Thir vordis apperis strange, considderrynge [etc.]; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 121/24.
Thir haistie heitis sa sall ȝe slokin, Thocht it seme neuer sa strange; 1570 Sat. P. xxi 96.
Ye can never be excuissed befoir God of this freammed and strange intreatment of your wyff; Knox II 378.
He knawes the strange instinctions all … Of fishes and of flichtring fouls; Hume 21/129.
Heir is ane stranger battel nor ever was fouchtin; Rollock Wks. I 413.
Being in Falkland I saw a funambulus, a Frenchman, play strang and incredible prattiks upon stented takell in the palace-clos; Melvill 487.
Schoe took a strang and uncow disease; 1650 Dunlop P. II 95.
Mr. Alexr. thinks it strange he should be lybelled upon this head; it had been more fit he had lybelled his parishioners; 1698 S. Ronaldshay 70.
(b) Strainge; 1638 Johnston Diary (1911) I 332.
(c) Thay wer full strenge of countenance, Lyk turkas birnand reid; Dunb. (STS) xxvi 86.
[Our friends may think it] strenge & uncoutht [that the French are] sa lang onfouchin [with]; 1560 Cal. Sc. P. I 292.
Streng; 1615 Highland P. III 224.
(d) Is no this a strawnge case that they wil not suffer that gwdeman to live amangst ws? 1569 Sc. Hist. Rev. I 40.
Hee was commaunded to have a most straunge torment … His nailes upon all his fingers were riven and pulled off; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 222.

6. Unfriendly, cold, distant. Also, to keep strange, to behave in a cold or distant manner. (1) My freind, cum neir, And be nocht strange, I thé requeir; Dunb. (STS) lxix 32.
If ye in tymes past, were strange and nyce; Norvell Meroure 13b.
I fand hir of ane staffage kynd, Bath staitly, strange, and he; Scott xxi 18.
Be scho strange & vnkynd I gif hir to fary; Bann. MS 256a/15.
Diuers noblemen writt to hir, requiring to knaw the trewth of hir strange and irreverent handilling; 1568 Hosack Mary Q. of Scots I 544.
Thocht that this warld be verie strange And thevis hes done my rowmes range And teymd my fald; Maitl. F. 329/1.
I was the caus of his maladie becaus of the regrait that he had that I was sa strange unto him; Buch. Detect. (1727) 133.
O gif luif causis strainge inamitie; Maitl. Q. 107/106.
Ather man I vse scurrilitie Or ellis sic strainge and vncouth fremmidnes; Arbuthnot in Maitl. Q. 121/88.
Ane new fairweill a strainge gudnicht Of thé periurd and ladye fals; Maitl. Q. 253/1.
In youre prayer be nather ouir strainge uith God … nor yett ouir hamelie uith him; James VI Basil. Doron 38/6.
I heir that our cousing is sumthing strange and heycht; 15… Crawford Mun. Invent. II 58.
(2) Friends keep strange among others; but, when they are alone, they unbosom themselves to one another; Fraser Lawfulness Separ. 132.

7. Unfamiliar with, unaccustomed to (something). And though I was vnto ȝour lawis strange, By ignorance, and noght by felonye; Kingis Q. § 102.

8. To make (it) strange, to make difficulties, refuse cooperation. Suppois thow raynge ouir all the grange … Still will scho maynge and mak it straynge And giff the syne anewch; Balnaves in Maitl. F. 359/95.

9. comb. With -like, as quasi-adv.: = 5 above. And may make us all reverence His way, although it look strange-like unto flesh; Durham Comm. Rev. 490.

B. adv. To think strange of (something), to think (something) strange. Religion is an uncouth business; truly when I have heard of the seriousness of several folks I thought strange of it; ?1660–90 J. Walwood in
P. Gillespie Rulers Sins (1718) 13.

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Strang(e adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/strange_adj>

34184

dost

Try an Advanced Search

Browse DOST:

    Loading...

Share: