A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Thow, Thou, Thu, pron., (n.2). Also: thowe, thoue, thous. [ME and e.m.E. þou (Layamon), þu (a1240), thow (Lydgate), thowe (a1440), OE ðu, þu, ON þú.]

1. Thou, the second person singular personal pronoun. Also with following noun or noun phrase in apposition. In general use as the mode of address to an individual, but cf. Ȝe pron., Ȝow pron. Also used in invoking God, Christ and the Virgin Mary, and in homiletic literature, in addressing the reader. (1) Kyng Edward wanne thu havest Berwic, pike thé, wanne thu havest geten, dike thé; c1300 Annales Angliæ et Scotiæ in W. Rishanger Chronica 373.
Thu [sc. Mary] art bewte of angelis al, & ioy of halouys we thé cal; Leg. S. xviii 783.
(b) ‘Brother,’ he said, ‘sen thow will sua It is gud that [etc.]’; Barb. v 71.
To thé I gyff the keys of hewyne; To bind and lous quhowm-euer thou will; Leg. S. i 17.
Thou come with otheris with thé … and … tuk away twenty-one beistis; c1390 Reg. Morton I xl.
Thov; Wynt. v 3760 (W).
Men may perchance fynd … Men of als mekyll bownte As thow may fynd in your cuntre; Wynt. viii 6664.
Grant me confort this day, As thow art God verray; Gol. & Gaw. 957.
Speik thow ane wourde thy four feit sall I bind; K. Hart 287.
Ave Maria, gracia plena: Thow baire the Prince of prys; Dunb. (OUP) 6/46.
Gladethe thoue, queyne of Scottis regioun; Dunb. (OUP) 103/1.
Thowe; Dunb. (OUP) 192/27 (M).
Amabaris vel amabare, thow was lwfit; 1522 Grant Burgh Schools 52.
Bessy my hairt, heiris thow not me? Lynd. Sat. Proclam. 214.
And quhairto will thou O Christian man be sa curious as to speir [etc.]; Hamilton Cat. 279.
I will nocht hald yow mair in the hals, Use thow the best ye may; c1569 Sc. N. & Q. 3 Ser. VIII 45.
[He] [sc. Ruthuen] said to the king [sc. James VI], ‘Now thow most die!’ 1600 Crim. Trials II 296.
Fals land-loupper loun that thow art, sayis thow that [etc.]; 1622 Crim. Trials III 525.
Quhiles thow, quhiles I, sa gais the baillarie; Carmichael Prov. No. 1301.
Thow hes tuoched the naill in the heade; Carmichael Prov. No. 1581.
Good Lord, countest thou of me as my friends? Kens thou me no better than they? Dickson Wr. 9.
(c) We have meet with many sad strocks since thous and I parted; 1686 Dunlop P. III 19.
(2) Thow king of kingis help me ay; Fifteen Ois 288.
Thow Scot, abide; Wall. ii 391.
[The King of France to Wallace] Thow werray help in haldyn off the rycht, Thou rycht restorer off thi natyff land; Wall. viii 1640, 1641.
Welcum thow knight, moste fortunable in feild; Dunb. (OUP) 110/41.
I conjure thé, thow hungert heland gaist! Dunb. Flyt. 168.
Thou irefull attircop, Pilate apostata; Kennedy Flyt. 523.
Thow sone of man; Winȝet I 14/2.
Therefore thou judge, feare God, … that throw his judgement thou be not condemned; Skene Reg. Maj. i 110b.
Thou traitour thief, thou thought to have destroyed my son this morning; Sinclair Satan's Inv. World 209.

b. Combined with a following contracted verb form. Thou(e)s, thow(i)s, = thou sal (Sal(l aux. v.). With wallaway thoull curs the day; Sat. P. xxii 90.
Lik laidill, husche paidill, … thowis be drest; Polwart Flyt. 774 (T).
Keillie lippis, kis my hippis, in grippis thows behint; Polwart Flyt. 809 (T).
Stay Till it be fair, and than thous go thy way; 1611 J. Melville in
McCrie Melville 445.
Trewlie thous be treated courteouslie; 1611 J. Melville in
McCrie Melville 445.
Thoull no accept my robe To cloth thy nakitnes; a1624 Edinb. Univ. MS ii 319.
A papist thou art Galloway, in Heaven thoues never duell; 1638 Bk. Pasquils 22.

2. Used in addressing or apostrophising a thing, place or abstraction. Jervsalem, euir va thu be! Leg. S. vii 332.
Thow joyus fleis of Gedion; Howlat 753 (A).
Quhat art thou lufe? How sall I thé dyffyne? Henr. Orph. 401.
Thocht I thé find, thow ganis not for me; Thow art ane iouell for ane lord or king; Henr. Fab. 81.
Fy! puft vp pryde, thow is full poysonabill; Henr. Fab. 593.
O May, thow mirrour of soles, Maternall moneth, lady and maistres; Doug. Pal. Hon. 64.
Blyth Aberdeane, thow beriall of all tounis; Dunb. (OUP) 135/1.
And thou O haly fader Tiberyne … Ressaue Eneas to ȝow onbekend; Doug. viii ii 13.
O thow Bethleem Effrata thow art litil amangis ane thowsand of Joure; Gau 41/3.
Now pas thy wayis thou barrant buik new breuit; Rolland Ct. Venus Prol. 319.
For thy wallis thik and strang Thow iustlie beiris the bell; Maitland in Maitl. Q. 218/60.

3. noun. The word thou. And quarrels him schamfullie with manie thows and lyes; Melvill 65.

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"Thow pron.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Apr 2019 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/thow_pron>



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