A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Weddir, Wethir, Wathir, n.1 Also: weddire, -yr, -er, wedyr(e, -er, wed(dr-, ved(d)ir, uedder, vedthir, weider, weadder, woddir, -er, woder, wo(o)ddar, vodyr, wadder, vadder, widder, wether, -eyr, weathir, -er, weatther, wather(e, -eir, vather, wother. [ME and e.m.E. weder(e (both Layamon), wedir (Rolle), wedder (Cursor M.), weddir (c1403), wethyr (c1475), weddre (Caxton), weather (1530), OE weder, ON veðr.]
1. (The) weather, atmospheric conditions as regards heat, cold, wind, rain, etc., specif. qualified by a term indicating a particular sort of weather, in attrib. and predic. constructions. Also proverb. and pl.
Some examples overlap with 4 below.
attrib. He thocht he to Kyntyr wald ga … Till wynter wedder war away; Barb. iii 387.
Quhare thire twa prayand ware, The fellone weddire thare forbare; Leg. S. xl 578.
In to ane coif he crap, Fra sair wedder and frostis; Henr. Fab. 1292 (Ch.).
Trubbill weddyr makis schippis to droune; Wall. vii 182.
In the calm or lowyn weddir; Doug. v iii 47.
The ewill weddyr that cowme in swc sort that, gyf we had passit fordwart, we had lossit ane greit part of our army; 1548–9 Corr. M. Lorraine 288.
God send, God send, fayr vedthir, fayr vedthir; Compl. 41/1.
Fra ther operations and constellations procedis tempest, stormis, fayr veddir, foul veddir [etc.]; Compl. 56/27.
Lachettis … to knet his pointis to in het wedder; 1550 Treas. Acc. IX 416.
Storme, fyreflauchts, hale, raine & mekill mair Of ill wedder; Rolland Seven S. 3409.
Tempest and stormie wedder; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 213.
Fair and sessonabill wedder for the inbringing af the ground of the fruittis thairof; 1598 Misc. Maitl. C. I 91.
(b) Quhen Priapus with stormy weid[er] oppres Raqueistit me … To rest ane quhile amid his gardingis bare; Bell. Boece I vi.
(c) Variabil vodyr lityl tylt in that wontyr; 1556 Black Bk. Taymouth 126.
Woder; Leslie 93.
Ane vehement storm of tempestious wooddar; Leslie 126.
(d) In fairest shining sunne the fowlest wadder; Craig ii 119.
Maist onseasonabill waddir; 1614 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 222.
(e) Ȝe haif ane cloik now reddy for the rayne: For fair wether, ane vther ay at hand; Charteris Lyndesay Pref. Adhort 52.
Wethir; 1571 Cal. Sc. P. IV 52.
Wetheyr; 1607 Urie Baron Ct. 11.
(f) Evill weathir; Pitsc. II 312/21.
Boasterous weather; 1678 Cleland 26.
(g) The foul wathir that was that day threw the quhilk nane myt travell to the kirk; 1581 Stirling Ant. IV 130.
Vather; 1627 Orkney Rentals iii 81.
I had upon my journey much ill wather and bad way; 1663 Arniston Mem. 27.
The cuntry is very hot most lyek our hotest wather in Jun; 1685 Dunlop P. III 17.
He perished by snow and stormie wathere; 16… Highland P. II 268.
(h) Saillit to Opslo, whare Queyne Anne was attending upoun fayre wother; Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 241.
proverb. Fair wedder winnis the hay; Carmichael Prov. No. 1091.
Ye bred of il weddir ye cum unsend for; Carmichael Prov. No. 1746.
pl. In middes the moneth of May, Quhen winter wedders ar away; Alex. ii 5016.
Scho couth … raise wyndis … Quhar-throw watteris and wedderis soft Wald all perwert and wedderis styth Baith ger fall rayn and haile so swith; Troy-bk. i 412, 413.
In thay wickit wedderis thair wist nane to dwell; Rauf C. 21.
Wederis wan and wete; Henr. Fab. 458 (Bann.).
In winter weddiris baith in wind and rane … He raid; 1573 Sempill in Sat. P. xxxix 345.
(b) Syne winter come with woderis cuill and cald; Stewart 7383.
predic. The vedir is fel & il; Leg. S. xlix 133.
The day is fare, the sone is bricht, The wedder is baith fare and licht; Alex. ii 400.
The wedder is sa schill; Rauf C. 59.
Becaus the weddir wes ewill [he] rait about be Striveling; 1532 Treas. Acc. VI 112.
In symmer syne quhen the wadder grew warme; Stewart 11215.
In the walk-mill the wedder [Bann. MS widder] is ill; Thir ar nocht drying dayis; a1568 Sempill in Sat. P. xlviii 37.
The seas ar to be crossed, and the wodder oftymes so uncertane and unseasounable; 1610 Reg. Privy C. IX 31.
pl. Thow suld be wel-cum to pas hame with me … For the wedderis ar sa fell, that fallis on the feild; Rauf C. 74.
b. With indef. art. and pl.: A period or occasion of a particular sort of weather.
Sa fell ane wedder feld I neuer; Rauf C. 97.
His said cattell, for eschewing of the violence … of a stormy wether, … to withdraw … to the ley of the saidis woddes; 1583 Reg. Privy C. III 602.
pl. Upoun Trinity Fair evin, gif it be ane fair day, and failyeing thairof of the nixt fair wedder; 1597 Edinb. B. Rec. V 200.
2. Without qualification. a. Good or bad weather, esp. the atmospheric conditions suitable for travelling, sailing, etc.
(a) And he be redy to sayle the maystyr aw … to say lordis we hafe this weddyr sum sais the weddyr is gude and sum says nay [etc.]; Ship Laws c. 20 (B).
That alssoun as the session of the weddir askis the king mowe [etc.]; 1464–5 Acts XII 31/1.
Quha … feld nevir cauld … Quhat wedder is thairout … How suld he wit? K. Hart 660.
The wedder hes been sua this thre wolkis … that a man mycht nocht do na thing for weit; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 106.
The myd regioun of the air, Quhare no maner of perturbatioun Off wodder may ascend so hie; Lynd. Dreme 774.
The skipper speillit belyue to the top mast To spy the wedder, gif tempest did appeir; Rolland Seven S. 7393.
Tempestatumque, tempora, vices temporum (the weadder); Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics i 27.
Despysing all discommoditeis of the way and wedder; Buch. Detect. (1727) 10.
Woddar; 1574 Misc. Maitl. C. I 105.
(b) Tenorem, course of weather; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics ii 337.
[Even the] insenseable elements and fairnes of the wether [contributed] to his happy and blissed hamecumming; ?c1591 Warrender P. (SHS) II 156.
Sa grett clemencie and temperance of the wathir is in Britannie, that Cæsar said [etc.]; Dalr. I 5/10.
Ye … woold presently com hetheir what watheir soewir it war; 1631 Annandale Corr. 284.
Wich he wes wounderous lothe to doe, in respecte of the coldnesse of the wether; 1649 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 587.
b. Good weather, weather suitable for harvesting, travelling, etc.
Thar-to weddire had thai thane, That thai wane froyt of land & se Thru his prayere; Leg. S. xxvii 1486.
And thai lay thair schyp redy in the see [etc.] … and he hafe weddyr before hym [etc.]; Ship Laws c. 18 (B).
It cum to the parts of Scotland quhan God send word and wodder; 1562 Dumfries B. Ct. 171a.
If the wadder doe breake, … I mynd to returne to London; 1621–2 Mar & Kellie MSS Suppl. 113.
They had got in the most of their corns ere the weather brake; Blair Autob. 62.
c. In collocation with serve (permit), with reference to favourable weather conditions for travelling, etc.
Our purpos is on the sevint day of June, Gif weddir serve [etc.]; Lynd. Sat. Proclam. 12.
The wather serveth not well; 1547–8 Cal. Sc. P. I 79.
[That Mr. Johnne Hay … shall go abroad] wind and wedder servand [before the 1st October]; 1579 Reg. Privy C. III 204.
Houping that his Majestie will renew my licence … addand this claus ‘wind and wedder serwand’ and that it may haif the narrative that I am derect furth of the realme in his Hienes service; 1583 Mar & Kellie MSS Suppl. 34.
I sal remaene in Neubotill quhill the vadder sall serue; 1619 Breadalbane Lett. 7 Dec.
If uedder uill permitt me I intend to stop on tyde neir the Holy Eyland; 1639 Hamilton P. (Camden Soc.) 73.
He sall cume to this brughe win and wather serving and healthe permitting; 1668 Rothesay B. Rec. 154.
d. Bad weather, liable to cause difficulties or do damage.
Quhen thai ly on erde to slepe Fra swne and weddyr thaim to kepe … that a fwt wpe thai streke That it fra thaim the weddyr brek; Wynt. i 716, 718.
Twa flottis that culd nocht be cariit for wedder; 1537–8 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 220.
Sua that thair stok in poynt of tinsell may be away led … sen thai culd nocht gudlie suffer the samin to byde forthir hasard of wodder; 1555 12th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. viii 140.
The wadder wes not lyke to mend; Burel Pilgr. i 449.
He went thair with greate difficulties of wadder; 1614 Highland P. III 171.
The minister had no place to remain in and keep himself from injury of wedder when he cam to the kirk; 1616 Buchan Cl. IV 195.
The haill hous much indamnaged, quhilk they find to be occasioned be the beatting of the weatther on the lairge flait roff thairof; 1648 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII 152.
3. In collocation with wind. a. Esp. with reference to bad weather or conditions unfavourable to sailing, passing into 4 below.
Nane wald herbry tham in house, Bo[t] tholyt al … In wynd & wedyre ly; Leg. S. xvi 220.
Wedyr & wynd he has in wald Fore-thi dewot til hym suld be Thai that saylis to the se; Leg. S. xxi 10.
As thai ware on se sayland The wynd swa skant wes than blawand And all the weddrys in thaire fayre Wes to thare purpos all contrayre; Wynt. vi 2495.
The seuin planetis … Quhilk hes power of all thing generabill, To reull … Wedder and wind; Henr. Test. Cress. 150.
Thou may cum ane vther day Quhen wynd & wadder ar away; Gray MS i 5.
In Edinburgh … rais sik a wind and wethir that in the toun fell mony houses; Dalr. II 200/23.
Let us nocht … for feir of stormie wound or wather, leave af to saw and schear the Lord's land; Melvill 287.
Without … contrarietie of wind, wedder, or vther impediment; 1610 Crim. Trials III 83.
pl. Contrare wynd & wedderis wod That draf ws hydder; Troy-bk. i 116.
b. With reference to weather conditions favourable to sailing.
Vedir & wynd that wil had he, & saylit sone to his cuntre; Leg. S. xvi 745.
Georg sal pas with his sade schip … als haisty as wynd and wedder happinnis to serve him; 1497 Acta Conc. II 88.
The schippis finding fare wynd and weddir … in the Firth of Tay arrivit; Boece 155b.
The wynd wes fair, the wedder wes at will; Stewart 584.
That he had bene thir … awaitting vpoun schipping wind and weddir; 1585 Prestwick B. Rec. 133.
His boit … being alreddy laidnit, custumit, and biding wind and wadder to mak saill; 1589 Douglas Chart. 296.
4. In collocations or contexts where stormy conditions are implied, windy weather, tempest, gales. Also in fig. context. b. Storme (blast, bub, stres, tempest) of weddyr, also weddris blast.
And throw mytht of thar goddes gret Be contrare wedder thame to thret, A likand wynd thame sett to land; Troy-bk. i 206.
Scho [sc. Medea] wald rase wedderis one thame thare … That all suld peryse hastely; Troy-bk. i 426.
In Scotland … he Arrywyd wyth a gret multitud Off schyppys … And thare be a tempest fell Off gret weddrys scharpe and snell Off fors thai behowyd to tak Land; Wynt. vii 3276.
Ithand wedderis of the eist draif on sa fast, It all to-blaisterit and blew that thairin baid; Rauf C. 27.
Ȝe that now bene lansyng vpe the ledder Tak tent in tyme, fassinnyng ȝour fingaris faste. Quho clymith moist heych moist dynt hes of the woder And leist defence aganis the bitter blast Off fals fortune; Lynd. Test. Pap. 355.
The king quhilk, convoyit be sey to the ile callit Ila, be contrare wynd and tydis was impeschit, like as be the weddir he had bene repellit; Boece 186a.
It may chance that the maister may cut the mast be force of wedder; Bisset II 243/25.
b. Stres of wedrys cummys to thaim on seis half; Ship Laws c. 7 (B).
A bub of weddir followyt in the tayll; Doug. iv iv 65.
The dyrk clowdis … Thai fle the weddris blast and rak of wynd; Doug. x v 127.
The kyngis schyp … wes pwt bakwart be storme off weddyr; 1549 Corr. M. Lorraine 313.
Be tempest and stormis of wodder fallin this last wynter; 1561–2 Reg. Privy C. I 201.
Nimbo, a blast of weather; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. v 317.
The … havin of Carraill … is be stormes of wodder … now becum in dekay; 1574–5 Reg. Privy S. VII 5/2.
Immediatle thairefter com ane greit tempest of weddir at thair out coming of the said port; 1580 Inverness Rec. I 281.
Storme of wather haid dryven the navie by the cost of Eingland … upon an yll of Scotland; Melvill 262.
[Part of the Tolbooth stair] blawin doun be storme of weddir; 1615–16 Ayr B. Acc. 261.
[He] … perished as he wes ryding that river in a great speat and storme of weather; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 363.
Ane shipp … haveing lowsed from the raid of Dysert be stres of wedder [etc.]; 1643 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII 25.
5. attrib. The weathergage, the windward, only fig. Weather glass, a thermometer or barometer.
I can never think but the contrivers of it designed to give the bishops the weathergage, the real advantage, and to give the presbyterians a false medicine; Kirkton Hist. 290.
— A weather glase; 1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII 354.
For ane weather glass to the colledge 43 li. 10 s.; 1685 Glasg. Univ. Mun. III 580.
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"Weddir n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 5 Aug 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/weddir_n_1>
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