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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Forthirmar(e, -mor, adv. Also: forthirmair, forthyrmor, forthermore, -moir. [ME. forthermar(e, -more, early forþermar, f. Forther adv. Cf. Fordermare, Furthermare.]

1. Further on, to a further point. Also fig. 1375 Barb. vii. 8.
The kyng … begouth to rest hym thair, And said he mycht no forthirmar
Ib. xii. 113.
Than bad he thame … Stand still and pres no forthirmar
a1400 Leg. S. xl. 95.
He thocht he wald pas forthyrmare & be parfite in to sic lare
c1420 Wynt. ii. 866.
Quhy that thai disseveryde are, Yhe wyt or yhe ga forthirmare
c1475 Wall. viii. 981.
Sum baid ryd haym, sum baid ryd forthermar
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1258.
Now latt ws proceid forthermair, And … declare this mater

b. Further on, at a later point, in a narrative. 1375 Barb. x. 297.
Ȝe sall weill heir forthirmar That he … Suld weill be prisit
Ib. xix. 20.
As I sall tell ȝow forthirmair
c1420 Wynt. vii. 290.
Howe thire dochtrys weddyd ware, Yhe sall here sone forthirmare

2. In addition, as well; still more. a1400 Leg. S. i. 399.
And als sad Petir forthirmare
Ib. vi. 469.
Syne forthirmare he can preche
c1420 Wynt. viii. 326.
Bot yhe sayd forthirmare, That tharfore yhe suld bere the crown
1513 Doug. ii. vi. 93.
Thus I begouth thame forthirmar to steir

b. Introducing a further statement. 1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 9.
That the balȝeis keipe the assise … , and forthirmar to make a pais as the cause requiris
a1500 Henr. Fab. 22.
Forther mair, ane bow that is ay bent Worthis vnsmart
1513 Doug. i. Prol. 471.
Bot forthirmor, … Forgeif me, Virgill, gif I thé offend
c1520-c1535 Nisbet III. 339/25.
Forthirmaire [Tynd. further moare], he declairis [etc.]
1567 Sat. P. viii. 16.
And, forthermoir, gif thow wald flyte, Be weill avisit quhome thow bakbyte

3. Later on, at a later time. c1420 Wynt. vii. 1550.
Scotland menys thé now rycht sare. Nay, noucht now, bot forthirmare
?1438 Alex. ii. 3136.
Tak not the dedis that passit are Heuy in hart hyne forther mare
c1475 Wall. ii. 287.
And so befel … Quhill forthirmar at Wallas worthit wycht
1513 Doug. xi. Prol. 167.
That gettis thou not sa soyn, quhill forthyrmor
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iv. 340.
Gar cast him in presoun, Still to remane … Quhill forther mair

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"Forthirmar adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Jun 2024 <>



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