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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Ilkan(e, Ilk an(e, pron. Also ilkain, ylkan(e, elkane, elken(e, elk eane. [North. and north midl. ME. ilkan(e (a 1300), illc an (Orm), f. Ilk a.2 Ane num. Sometimes written as two words, but more freq. as one. Cf. Ilkone.]

1. pron. Each one of a number of persons or used absolutely; each, every one. Freq. const. of.(1) 1385 Rot. Sc. II. 73/2.
Ilk an of the lordes beforsayd … sall set let tharin
1398 Acts I. 574/1.
Thre deputis of ilkane of the thre estatis
1471 Ayr Friars Pr. Chart. 53.
Ilk an of the convent … sal say mas
1530 Maxwell Mem. I. 261.
To elkane of the sayd chaplannis
1522 Dunferm. B. Rec. 206.
Ane akyr of land to ilk ane of the saidis personis
1560 Rolland Seven S. 5194.
Ilk ane of thame fand … Ane twn of gold
1593 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 85.
He suld be … evin with ilk ane of the said sessioun
1640 Kirkcudbr. Min. Bk. 141.
That ilk ane of thame shall the right suithe say
(2) a1400 Leg. S. vii. 103.
Than ilkane … can tel Into thare trawel how tham befel
?1438 Alex. II. 3456.
Ilkane seir Ar fundin ay douchty at the preif
c1420 Ratis R. 668.
Of ilkane couth I tell a takyne
Brus xv. 64.
Ilkane [E. ilk man] fled thair wayis sere
1513 Doug. iii. ii. 140.
I thar … lawis thame tawcht, Assyngnand ilkane propir howsis and aucht
1573 Sat. P. xlii. 489.
Quhen ane man hes vnder cure Sa mony thousandis, … Skarsly will he ken ilkane
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xcvii. 111.
Ilkane may leif vpone thair rent

b. Used parenthetically or as an addition to a preceding noun or pronoun.(1) 1375 Barb. ii. 334.
Ȝe are ilkan wycht and worthy
Ib. 404.
He ruschyt his fayis ilkane
c1420 Wynt. viii. 5700.
Thai all twelff folowand, Ilkane a gud burdowne in hand
?1438 Alex. i. 1693.
Thay had ilk ane tane the flicht, Na war [etc.]
c1450-2 Howlat 801.
The schenachy, the clarschach, … Scho kennis thaim ilkane
1566 Acta Conc. II. p. xiv.
All commissaris of burrowys ilk ane to haif ane pair of clokis of blew
a1500 Henr. III. 157/31.
As we ly thus, so sall ȝe ly ilk ane
1513 Doug. ii. ix. 19.
As for the storm dowis flokkis togidder ilkane
1560 Rolland Seven S. 170.
All the companie … Woir the dule weid ilk ane for ȝeir and day
a1585 Maitl. Q. xcv. 38.
To thair faithfull seruandis deu elk eane
1594 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 115.
That the baillies, ilk ane thair day about, pas to Leyth
(2) 1446 Raine N. Durham App. 22.
We charge ȝhu & ylkan of ȝhu schereffs [etc.]
1482 Edinb. Chart. 153.
That we tharfore and ilkane of ws … sal keip, obserue [etc.]
1487 Breadalbane Doc. (Reg. H.) No. 23.
That … ȝe and ilkane tak neuer in hand to … distreneȝe [etc.]
1503 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I. 48.
Thai and ilk ane of thame was adiugit in amerciament
1547 Stirling B. Rec. I. 49.
That thai and ilkane of thaim … addres thaim to be at Fawlay Muir
1600 Misc. Bann. C. I. 175.
They are send to mak thair repentance ilkane of thame in sa mony kirkis
1644 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 24.
To exact from the inhabitants and ilk ane of them, according to their … meanes

c. In collocations with uthir or uthiris, = each … the other, the one … the other; each other, one another.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xviii. 291.
Ilkane askyt vthyr benysonis
1387 Edinb. Chart. 36.
Ilke ane of the forsaide masounys is othiris bourcht
1456 Hay I. 18/13.
Thare twa … was bath ilkane efter othir patriarkis of Constantynoble
1465 Bk. Carlaverock I. 145.
To stand in afald … defence ilk an til odir
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 209/16.
Quhen ilkane of ȝon stikkis and gorris vther
1520 Grant Chart. 64.
Ilkane to defend vderis
a1568 Pedder C. 21.
Romerakaris … Speikand curlyk ilk ane till vder
1567 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 19.
Ilkane of thayme sall nowldir heir nor se wtheris skaithis
1595 Crim. Trials I. 349.
To subscriue and giff assurancis ilkane of thame to vthir
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 832.
Quhethir na we Sal ilkane vthire eftire se
c1420 Wynt. iv. 1808.
Sum hapnyd to regne. … And ilkane othir wald suppryce
1456 Hay I. 127/27.
Quhat persounis ar behaldyn for to defend ilkane othir of dett
1484 Grant Chart. 36.
The said parteis sall … diffend ilkain vthiris rowmis
1515 Douglas Corr. 318.
We … oblyshis us … to take elken othir partes
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. xxiv. 10.
Mony … betraise ilk vthir and thai sal hate ilkane vthir

2. Each one of two persons. a1400 Leg. S. v. 151.
Skantly had ilkane of tha A singill clath
Ib. xviii. 162.
Na ane of thame of vther viste, Bot ilkane lufyt as hyme liste
1473 Treas. Acc. I. 64.
To the King and the Qwene to offir … , ilkane j crowne
1495 Liber Aberbr. 289.
Bath the saidis parteis … til … bring … sic rychtis as thai ilkane of thaim wil vse for the tyme
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 882.
Keip thyne then frae myne then, And ilk ane vse thair awin
c1650 Spalding I. 240.
The Marques convayis ilkane of his tua mareit dochteris to there owne houssis

3. Each of two or more things or times. 1400 Maxwell Mem. I. 141.
Al thir thyngis, al and sum and ilkane be thaim self
c 1420 Liber Calchou 449.
Ilkane of thir [parts of the body] has his clengyng plas
1488 Acts II. 213.
Twa girthis … , ane for the middis and ane for ilkane of the endis [of the barrel]
1550 Breadalbane Doc. MS. No. 73.
The said Johne … sall … big ane sufficient dyk about ilkane of the saidis ȝairdis
1557 Ayr Chart. 44.
To hald … ane court efter ilkane of the saidis twa faris
1649 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 780.
Tua new greene boord cloathes, pryce of ilk ane fourtie pund

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"Ilkan pron.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 9 Dec 2023 <>



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