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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

In, prep. Also: ine, yn(e. [ME. and (OE. in. Cf. Intil and Into.]Many more examples of the contexts and special phrases exemplified or mentioned below, and others, are to be found under the various nouns, adjs. or verbs concerned.

1. Denoting position: In or within (a place or thing).(2) = resident in (the place named), in contradistinction to of, which commonly = landlord of. Among other examples are the tags in bour, erde, felde, hall, hous, land, nest, thrang, in the (this, that) hald, stede, etc.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 32.
In fer landis renownyt wes he
Ib. ii. 7.
In his chambre
1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
The durre standand in the west gavyl
c1460 Wisd. Sol. 425.
In this erde
1456 Misc. Bann. C. III. 93.
In grangeys, xxiiij chaldyr of beyr
1513 Doug. iv. vi. 2.
The voce stak in his hals
1562-3 Winȝet I. 10/8.
We … ar togidder … in the samyn schipe
1591 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 71.
In the brankis
1591-2 Rob Stene 6.
In a hand walter, in a hand fyre
1593 Edinb. Test. XXV. 89 b.
In my forbearis graff
1608 Conv. Burghs II. 253.
In the oppin streitis
1622-6 Bisset II. 195/17.
The priorie of Pluscarden in Murray
(2) 1478 Acta Aud. 64/1.
Johnne Stewart in the Canongate
1515 Fife Sheriff Ct. 15.
Williame Baxster of the Quyltis, Johnne Gourlay in Kingis catyll, Johnne Thomsone thare, ... Johnne Robertsone elder in Qwiltis
1523 Carnwath Baron Ct. (ed.) 3.
Jame Kello in Quodquen
1578 Reg. Privy C. III. 60.
William Moreis in Schyris Mylne
1590 Lanark B. Rec. 98.
Andro Bannatin [chosen] hird in the toun on the ewer toun
1667 Peebles B. Rec. II. 75.
Robert Fotheringhame … , cordiner in Peebles
1684 Stitchill Baron Ct. 97.
The lybell … against Richard Taylor in Queenscairne, William Thomsone in Stitchill
(3) 1375 Barb. i. 285.
Fra thai in presoune him sleuch
Ib. 404.
Off all that euir in warldys wer
Ib. ix. 428.
Thair fayis that in beddis war
c1420 Wynt. ii. 569.
To mak thare sacrifyce Tyll God … , in wyldyrnes
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 100.
Than think I … Mahoune hes me in armes
1509 Justiciary Rec. (Reg. H.) II. 157.
The said James is in girth in Quhithorn
1587 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 37.
Sindrie of our nychtbours haveing thair … trade in landward
1589 St. A. Kirk S. 648.
Alsweill in bruche as land

b. Sometimes in the final position in a phrase or clause, after the relative or infinitive. c1420 Wynt. I. 852.
The hand that it is closyd in
1433 Liber Coll. Glasg. 167.
With a yard for to set cale in
1494 Treas. Acc. I. 249.
The ȝard that the barge was maid in
1552–3 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 13.
Piggs to melt glew in

2. In (clothing or covering); attired in, covered in.Also in idiomatic uses, as in armis, in fere of were, etc.: see the nouns. a1400 Leg. S. xxv. 506.
He wykyt wolfe wes withine & heylyt in a lame-skinne
?1438 Alex. ii. 10651.
Porrus … Couerit in ane couerator
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 432.
[To] se the royall rinkis in their array, In garmentis gay
a1500 Rauf C. 482.
He is the gayest in geir
1513 Doug. xii. Prol. 15.
Fresch Aurora … In crammysyn cled
1538 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 91.
The remanent to be in gowne of silk

3. a. With nouns of time: In, within the space of, in the course of, during, on, etc.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 308.
In all his lyve-tyme
Ib. iv. 140.
Till armys went thai in a thraw
a1400 Leg. S. i. 300.
In tha daise [= days]
Ib. xxviii. 68.
In hir ȝouthede
1380 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 3.
In the ȝheere of oure lord [etc]
1398 Acts I. 212/2.
Made … in Auril that last wes
c1450-2 Howlat i.
In the myddis of May
1466 Reg. Great S. 215/1.
In auld tymes
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1737.
Ȝone lint will grow in lytill tyme
a1500 Rauf C. i.
In the cheiftyme of Charlis
1496 Acta Conc. II. 19.
The sade assignacione was datit in the moneth of March
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xvi. 49.
Ar mony sic now in thir dayis
1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 231/2.
At twa termes in the ȝere
1526 Ib. 531/2.
In the ȝeir v merkis
15.. Clar. i. 1356.
Airlie in morrow
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 23.
In tyme of thair gouerning
a1578 Pitsc. I. 258/10.
In the mene tyme
1591 Thanes of Cawdor 204.
Till Fryday in the morning the first of October
1596 Elgin Rec. II. 46.
For playing at the boulis … in the tym of the sermon
(2) 1431 Reg. Great S. 43/2.
And swa furtht terme in terme and yheir in yheir quhil at the sayd somme be fullely payit
1490 Acta Conc. 151/2.
[To pay] x merkis termely ȝere in ȝere ay and quhill [etc.]

b. In (a writing, book, etc.). 1375 Barb. i. 343.
Catone sayis ws, in his wryt [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. xix. 632.
Of this martyre … , In his preface sais Ambrose
c 1390 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 20.
We wrate till yhow in owre other lettres
c1450-2 Howlat 401.
On ilk beugh … Writtin in a bill was [etc.]
1482 Acta Aud. 108/1.
Ane instrument … in the quhilk he band him [etc.]

4. In reference to non-material things treated as having content or duration.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 14.
That it [the story] lest ay furth in memory
c1475 Wall. i. 2.
We suld … hald in mynde thar nobille worthi deid
a1500 Bernardus 196.
Consaffe sic glos … ; and in thi brest thow here
a1500 Bk. Chess 502.
So mor ardent was scho in hir thocht
(2) c1420 Wynt. ii. 1219.
Mast part in that batayle was tane
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 545.
Euer in hir swouning cryit scho thus
c1500-c1512 Dunb. vii. 89.
B, in thi name, betaknis batalrus
1515 Treas. Acc. V. 44.
His hors wes birstin in the Kingis service

b. In (certain circumstances). c1450-2 Howlat 539.
Walit wyis … , worthy in weris
1456 Hay II. 53/14.
To have the victory in bataill and in feicht
a1500 Colk. Sow i. 91.
A burn grenge in the dirk
a1500 Bk. Chess 1466.
A frend is kend in gret necessite

c. Within the limits of, without infringement of. 1488 Breadalbane Coll. MS. No. 24.
[He] sall nocht … distrouble the said Neill … nouther in the law nor by the law

5. In respect of; in the case, matter, affair of. 1375 Barb. i. 148.
He … suld cum to do In all thing as thai wrayt him to
Ib. 396.
Till gud Ector of Troy mycht he In mony thingis liknyt be
1473 Reg. Cupar A. I. 181.
With al fredomis in bakyn and bruyng
1490 Irland Mir. I. 6/4.
As in his gret furore … in the tyme of Noy
1526 Reg. Privy S. I. 518/2.
Ony impediment … in the … joising of the saidis landis
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 86.
[He] stude weill ay in his ladies grace
1570 Sat. P. x. 134.
In credite … he grew
1575 Edinb. Test. III. 430 b.
The said Helene … being … seik in the pest
1643 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 3.
To be maister of the wark in biging of the said loft

6. a. In reference to persons and their attributes, in various applications.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 5.
Of halowis to say … The farleis that in thame were
1456 Hay I. 3/36.
The prophecyes the quhilkis ar presumyt to be understandin in ȝour persone
(2) 1416 Douglas Corr. 234.
The delay of our hamecome stands al anely in thaim that sowlde persue for vs
1590 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 50.
To do your lordship sic sted … as lyes in me
(3) 1375 Barb. i. 133.
[Only God knows] in his prescience Off alkyn tyme the mowence
1490 Irland Mir. I. 5/19.
Thus reulis … be the waurld … in his diuinite
(4) 1535 Stewart 46188.
The pepill … Gat no refuge in thi rancour and ire

b. Through, by reason of (a person's fault, failure, negligence). a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 255.
In hyre faut sic a barne … [was] sa forfarne
1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
In my defaute & nathing in ȝhouris
1555 Prot. Bk. G. Grote 9.
[He] in his avin neglegens tint ane hors
1580 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 151.
Sic vther things as ar spilt in the said maisteris negligence

c. In spiritual communion with (God, Christ). 1385 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 7.
Gretyng in God ay lestand
Ib. No. 19.
Honorabyll fadyr in Cryst
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxx. 1.
My prince in God gif th.é guid grace

d. In it selff, in the self, in its own content, apart from its relation to others: see Self n.

7. In, composed of (a specified kind, substance, or form).(1) c1460 Thewis Wysmen 342.
Al thar dissport … Is al in foly and glaikitnes
(2) 1488 Treas. Acc. I. 79.
Deliuerit … to the thesaurare … in rialis of France fyfty and foure
1493 Acta Conc. 275/1.
Thomas wes reddy to haf done for his part baitht in men met and graith
1591 Thanes of Cawdor 204.
The fyve hors in strae in the nicht x s.
1594 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 57.
Having furneist us … in sic thingis as wer maist necessar
(3) 1594 Acts IV. 57/1.
Thai producit aucht blankis in paper
1595 Reg. Great S. 127/1.
Ane rois nobill in gold

8. With verbal nouns and other nouns denoting action, activity, or occupation, in various applications.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 5.
Than suld storys … Have doubill plesance in heryng
Ib. 393.
In spek wlispyt he sum deill
1456 Hay II. 63/6.
In etyng and drinking that he be nocht glutoun
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 654.
In word or werke as we ws now behaf
(2) a1500 Henr. Fab. 24.
The man that is ay diligent … in studying
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 261/22.
Thai spendit thair gudis … in bigging of abbais
1583 Sat. P. xlv. 318.
Medusas craftis … In making eddars of hir hair
1587 Digest Justiciary Proc. L. 58.
For contravening … of the acts in girnelling of vittuall
(3) a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 431.
With ladyis fair in carolling to gane
Id. Bludy Serk 71.
In begging evir to gone
1535 Stewart 116431.
This kyng … in hunting he is gone
a1586 Lindsay MS. 71.
The squyer … aucht to walk the nycht & be in his prayeris
(4) c1400 Troy-bk. i. 592.
[Medea] wes Mast perfyt in astronomye, And ek into gramancye
a1500 Henr. Fab. 658.
Ane worthie doctour in diuinitie
1513 Doug. i. Prol. 56.
Nane … sal haue sic crafte in poetrie

9. a. Denoting intention or result.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xvii. 172.
In myne help no[v] hast thu thé
c1420 Wynt. viii. 2780.
I sall be in yhoure helpyng
?1438 Alex. i. 2202.
The nobill king That sped him in thare succouring
Ib. ii. 335.
In thare rescours for to fecht
c1420 Ratis R. 4.
Thi fatheris entent, To thé lefte in amendement
15.. Clar. v. 2897.
[They] aduertist war Of thair cuming and com in thair meiting
(2) 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
In brekynge fully the saide trewis
1454–5 Edinb. Chart. 80.
In hurtyn of the fredome of the burgh
1482 Acta Aud. 99/1.
Scho causit nocht … in circumvenyng of the said Cristiane
1503 Acts II. 244/2.
So that it be nocht in diminitione of his rentale
(3) 1679 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 310.
Quhilk ox was sett be me to the saidis spouses in ane twa yeir old stot
1682 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 29 April.
Wherby the said John Muir takes in prenteis John Biglum for six yeires

b. With nouns of payment. 1496 Treas. Acc. I. 306.
To Andro Sclatare, in onwart of theking of the new hous
1501 Ib. II. 92.
To Maister William Dunbar, in his pensioun of Mertymes bipast v li.
Ib. 95.
Giffin to him in pension
Ib. 96.
To Petir de Luca [etc.] … in part of thair pension
To Matho Auchlek … in compleit payment
1503 Ib. 274.
x s. mair … in erlis of the hale hepe
1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 231/2.
Twenty merkis … to be paiit to the said schir James … in his fee
1526 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 227.
In assythment and contentatioun of the escheit of his guidis
1535 Treas. Acc. VI. 260.
To the clypstaris in feis and meit and drink

10. In (a situation, condition, or state).Also, e.g., in audience, bondage, buschment, clos, company, fere, garison, houshald, life s.v. Lif(e n. 1 c (2), presence, servitud; in aventure, dangere, effray, pyne; in ane fary (feryfary); in amerciament, in (ane) unlaw; in differ, in missing; in a blese, in fyre, in graith, in raggis. 1375 Barb. i. 23.
[They] led thar lyff in gret trawaill
a1400 Leg. S. xxviii. 79.
Scho beand in tender elde
1417 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 249.
Land … to be haldin … in fee and heritage
c1420 Wynt. vi. 2269.
Gyff the Thayne off Fyff in were Or in till ost … Ware
?1438 Alex. ii. 3039.
So fand we … The toun in great barganyng
1500 Acta Conc. II. 346.
[He] is nocht in power of gudis til mak thare expensis
1518 Chart. Coupar A. II. 118.
The said … possessione ys cleirlie prwyt to be in assumtion and cognitione
15.. Clar. i. 794.
Quhill he be in age
Ib. v. 2232.
Clariodus … all in gleime and glorious
1564–75 Hamilton & Campsie Test. I. 45.
Ten bollis of meill that I and my sone wes in plie with
1584 Acts III. 305/1.
Burijt in sleip

11. Of manner, mode, fashion.Also. e.g., in haste, in hy, in (a) randoun, and in various phrases with manere, wayis, and wise. c1450-2 Howlat 45.
[The Howlat] Rolpit … in a rude rane
1456 Hay I. 88/11.
In gude entent … he undertuke the said juperdye
c1460 Consail Vys Man 120.
Tak nocht in ill for to be kend
a1500 Colk. Sow iii. 83.
Susan … Tuk in disdane this gift
15.. Clar. iii. 2091.
Beholding on hir in grathlie wayis
c1590 Fowler I. 92/178.
Teares … trickling down in suche a pace
1637 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 130.
In heich … contempt of law and justice

b. In (a particular language). 1375 Barb. iv. 261.
The saw, That he in Latyne can hir schaw
a1400 Leg. S. ii. 268.
The hewid … In Ebrow clerly can it say [etc.]
1400 Red Bk. Menteith I. 171.
Mervaile yhe nocht that I write my lettres in Englis
1456 Hay II. 74/14.
This buke … in langage of Grew
1562-3 Winȝet I. 138/10.
I sall wryte to ȝou my mynd in Latin
1579 Edinb. Test. VII. 109.
Thrie he gait [i.e. he-goats] callit in the erische langeig erenochis [Gael. éirionnach]

12. Of degree, extent, measure, etc.Also, e.g., in grete, in small; in grosse; in the double. c1420 Wynt. iv. 1041.
Gold and jowelys in copy
Ib. vii. 1913.
Assythyd in sum part than wes he
1585 Gray Lett. & P. 65.
He is desyrous for sum troupes in quantitie

13. Of conformation, arrangement, distribution, order, direction.Also, e.g., in s(ch)under, in twa, twin; in all, sindry airtis. a 1350 Facs Nat. MSS. II. 14.
Linialiter [gl. euin in line]
1375 Barb. xiv. 44.
In twa battelis thai tuk the way
1511 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 134.
Ilk ane in thair awin grie
c1590 Fowler I. 58/13.
I rold in ewerye syd my … ene
1600-1610 Melvill 33.
To ding that pulpit in blads

14. a. In many other adverbial phrases, with a noun or adjective.e.g. in ane, in certane, in chefe, in dede, in effect, in (gud) fay, in special, in vain, in the first; in (a person's or thing's) behalf, contrare, face, name, stede, in the contrare, etc.

b. In many prepositional, conjunctional, and other phrases. Insafar, to the extent (that).e.g. in Behalf of, in Case, Charge, (the) Contrare, Defalt, Dispite, Face, Favour, Honour, (the) Name, Payment, Point, (the) Presence of, Instede of; in Aventure (to), in Mind, Point, Use to; in Case (that); in als or sa Fer or Far as; etc.(1) 1398 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 38.
Yn the witnes of the qwhilk thyngs
1450 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 135.
[He] hes giffin … his land of Duwaly … in change of the landis of Belsise
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 1457.
In the regard of that eternal glorie
(2) 1533 Boece xvi. iii. 612.
The skant of ledderis was in caus that thai clame nocht the barmkinis
1680 Ayr & W. Coll. IV. 152.
The judge … ordaines them to have ease of the nixt milstone drawing, in reguaird they [etc.]

15. a. (To trust, believe, etc.) in; (to depend) on.To delyte in, see Delyte v. 1375 Barb. i. 125.
Bot ȝe traistyt in lawte
Ib. xi. 307.
In his nobill gouernyng … Thai had assouerans
1456 Hay I. 165/11.
To … sett his traist all in God
1567 G. Ball. 4.
I beleue in the haly gaist
c1590 Fowler I. 79/66.
In my weilfair … depends his lyfe and breathe

b. In other applications. 1466 Acta Aud. 4/2.
That scho be nocht herde in jugement quhil [etc.]
c1460 Regim. Princ. 36.
Bot gar ȝoung lordis study in thy lawis
1551 Corr. M. Lorraine 345.
That the king … sulde have … the better oppenyon in him

16. Into. a. Of motion in space. 1375 Barb. iv. 372 (E).
Thai … in a glen thair galay drewch
a1400 Leg. S. ii. 42.
That serpent … he in the fyre … Fra him keste
Ib. xxxix. 194.
Thire bruthire thre That he in pressone gert done be
1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
Yhour men … has rydyne in Scotlande
c1420 Wynt. iv. 83 (C).
Al the glute … for to ryn The gret wattyr of Tybyr in
c1460 Wisd. Sol. 426.
Quhen I … turnyt my mynd in my self
1466 (1471) Reg. Great S. 215/1.
Sa furth as the strinde of it rynnis in the northburn
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 49.
That we myght entir in his toune
a1500 Rauf C. 268.
Till he was in bed brocht
1496 Treas. Acc. I. 320.
Muldis … to send in Frans
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 215/19.
[He] put hire in a chalmere
1515 Treas. Acc. V. 10.
For … glassinwerk put in the windois
1526 Reg. Privy S. I. 515/1.
Fredome to pas in the partis beȝond sey
1549 Compl. 33/21.
Quhen the Creator … cam in this varld to redeme vs
1551 Hamilton Cat. 101.
Thai … falls into temptatioun and in the gyrne of the devil
a1578 Pitsc. I. 84/17.
Throw this passage in Ingland
1590 Burel Pilgr. i. xxx.
I hapnit in ane wildernes
c1610 Melville Mem. 234.
He wret in Scotland to my brother and me
1624 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 139.
The said Elspeth, going in ȝour seller

b. Of change in substance or form. c1420 Wynt. ii. 571.
Thare wattyre turnyt in blude
1478 Acta Aud. 67/1.
A stain of lint spunnyne in ȝarne
a1568 Gyre-carling 19.
The carling schup hir in ane sow
c1590 Fowler I. 44/204.
Echo … , Whose corse was changed in a stone
1596 Dalr. I. 8/8.
Dorpes … now growne in fair townes

c. In non-physical applications.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 13.
To put in wryt a suthfast story
a1400 Leg. S. i. 382.
He fel in extesy
1384 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 5.
Than it fell in speech
1397 Ib. No. 35.
He sal ryn in forfetur
1456 Hay II. 74/15.
This buke … quhilk he translatit out of Grew in the langage of Caldee
c1460 Consail Vys Man 237.
Tak nocht in hart aduersytee
1588 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 23.
Quhairby our realme may be brocht in sic … confusioune
c1590 Fowler I. 72/141.
Him who … Is suddenlie in seiknes brought
1643 Misc. Hist. Soc. I. 118.
Quhilk hes castin hir in sik a golph of greiff
(2) c1420 Ratis R. 133.
That vertew turnis thow in wyce
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xlvi. 87.
Luve changis vyce in vertewis nobilnes
1511 Reg. Privy S. I. 335/2.
The prebend … is to be erect … in ane archidenry
1533 Boece ix. iv. 294.
Of … valeȝeand men, diuers war turnit in drunkartis
1549 Compl. 145/34.
Quhilk hes altrit euerye gude thing in infelicite
1562-3 Winȝet I. 31/9.
I sall turne ȝoure solennit dayis in murnyng and ȝour canticulis in sobing
1570 Sat. P. x. 127.
Scho … turnit day in nycht and nycht in day

17. = In or into. a. With nouns of possession, charge, management, control, disposal, etc.e.g. in borch, depose, governing, hand(is, keping, ward, will, etc., also, in (a person's) governance or governing, grip(pis, hald, possessioun, will, ȝemsale, etc.: see the nouns.(1) c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 848.
The which thow aught wele … To saue in thyne protectioune
1588 Moysie Mem. 69.
Ane Inglische ambassadour come … with aucht or nyne in trayne
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. ii. 15.
He salbe in the kings mercie
(2) 1375 Barb. xi. 308.
To the erll Thomas … He gaf the vaward in ledyng
c1475 Wall. vi. 382.
That I suld cum and put me in thi grace
1570 Reg. Episc. Brechin II. 307.
The floke gewin in his cwir
1634 Fam. Rose 320.
Committing yow in Godis holie protectyoune

b. In or into possession of (a certain property, etc.). 1476 Acta Aud. 49/2.
[He] allegeit that he was in the said landis be state and sesing
1515 Misc. Spald. C. II. 266.
My saide gude lord … has admittit me … tennend in and to … the landis of Lesk
1669 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. III. 107.
He hath … possest himself in a grasseing of the townes

18. a. = On, upon, onto.Also, to put (violent) hand(is in, see Hand n. 11. a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii. 547.
A quhele … in it hade S[ch]arpe swerdis scherand in al syde
?1438 Alex. ii. 1227.
Cassamus hit him in the scheild
1456 Hay I. 30/32.
Oure Lord … quhen he was in the croce
15.. Christis Kirk 172 (M).
His wyf hang in his waist
1560 Rolland Seven S. 7388.
[They] Enterit in burde, and maid for thair veyage
1595 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 63.
Androw Moresone chalmerlane to his maiestie in the north syde of the watter of Forth
1661 Black Sc. Witches 36.
Yow putt yor hands in my throat and thoucht to have woried me

b. In various occasional uses: Against, on; to, towards; at. a1400 Leg. S. ii. 163.
[They] Rasit in hym sedicione
Ib. vii. 134.
Thai wrekyt thar wodnes In this Jamis
1535 Stewart 19832.
In [= on] pane of deid
c1568 Lauder Minor P. iii. 104.
Pure Lazarus, Quhen dogs did schew in him more cherytie
1568 Inverness B. Rec. I. 163.
The serwice of his horse wyth his awin wyff in the said horse heid dalye in mukking and harrowing
a1578 Pitsc. II. 14/17.
[To] hald hous with hir in thair expens
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 33.
He commandit the realme to follow him … in ane houris warning
1580 Edinb. Test. IX. 42.
Ane keir blak staig of tua ȝeir auld & gangand in thrie
- 1628 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II. 27 Feb.
He ... is away agane to Murray in his bussines ther
- 1679 G. Burnet Hist. Ref. (1865) I. 166 (OED.).
He was ... fined in 400 pound
1681 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 30 Nov.
Fynes Christiane Poge in ten merks

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"In prep.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 30 Jan 2023 <>



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