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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Luge, Ludge, n. Also: lug, lwge; ludg; lui(d)ge, lou(d)ge, loodge, lewdge. Plur. lugis, ludges etc., luggis. [Late north. ME. luge (1483–4), e.m.E. luge (Skelton, rh. wi. refuge), otherwise appar. only Sc.: var. of Loge, Lodge. For the change of vowel cf. Bruche, Cruchet and su(d)georne, su(d)iorne (sojourn). A common mod. Sc. form is ludge.]

1. A small house or dwelling, esp. a temporary one, as a tent, hut or shelter.a. In general use. Also attrib. with dure. Under the luge, under cover, in shelter. b. A tent or other shelter for troops in camp; also, a pavilion at a tournament. c. A porter's lodge. See also portar-luge. d. A temporary building to house lepers (see also lipper-ludge Lipper a. 2 b) or one for the accommodation of plague victims put to isolation and their attendants.a (1) 1375 Barb. xix. 653 (C).
A litill luge
a1400 Leg. S. xix. 212.
Thane to the flud he [St. Christopher] passit sone, & til hyme a luge mad but hone
1492 Myll Spect. 290/22.
Alsone as this knycht was gravit … his wyf gart byg hir a luge abone his tombe awowand that thar scho wald remane duryng hyr lyf
1513 Doug. iii. ii. 83.
On the feld Thai dwelt in lugys and mony litil cave
1523 Acta Conc. Public Aff. 170.
That the maistir Halis sall hald tua personis apon the hecht of Dunpendirlaw and mak thaim ane luge thar with stuff besyde thaim to mak balis of fire for warning of the Kingis liegis
1560 Rolland Seven S. 7658.
Hir neir freinds … causit to big euin at the graues syde Ane proper ludge quhairin that scho micht byde
1579, 1617 Despauter (1579).
Mapalia, landwart ludges
1596 Dalr. I. 98/9.
Thair castelis and palices ar scheiphouses and luges [L. casæ et tuguria] quhilkes thay commonlie cal pailes
1656 Orkney Antiq. Soc. V. 61.
With libertie … to cast feall … for bigging of ludges for the use of the said drogger boats
attrib. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 7689.
At the ludge dure he knokit quietlie
(2) a1500 K. Hart 660.
Quha sittis hate and feld nevir cauld ane hour, Quhat weddir is thairout vnder the luge [: huge] How suld he wit?
b (1) 1375 Barb. xix. 392 (E);
Tentis and lugis [C. luggis] als tharby Thai gert mak
c1475 Wall. ix. 616, 637. ?1438 Alex. i. 3302.
Than all thay ludgit thame. … Quha had na tent, ane ludge hes dicht Of branchis
Ib. ii. 493.
Lo! ȝe may se his luge stand Besyde ȝone crag
a1500 Lanc 2498.
Arthur … hath found befor hyme mony o knycht That cummyng war … And ful of lugis plantith haith the feld
Ib. 2678.
Thei nedis most abak The way one to thar lugis for to tak
(2) 1494 Loutfut MS. 2 b.
[After the challenger and defender have taken their oaths] the iugis suld send thaim again to thair luges [Lindsay MS. lougis] for to mak thaim redy to cum to the listes
c. 1434 Exch. R. IV. 603.
Pro … reedificacione parve domus id est le luge janitoris castri (of Edinburgh)
1547 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 131.
That thair be at euery port ane luge quhair the porter may sitt watterticht
d. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 154.
In till ane gleu thow hes owt of repair Ane laithly luge that wes the lippir menis
1527–8 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 232.
All maner of lipper folkis that ar in lugeis and hospitales about this towne
1581 Thomson Hist. Dundee 269. 1585 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 416.
The said persouns to be putt be thame selffis and ane watche to be putt in ane luge besyde of thre clene persouns to keip thame
Ib. 430.
That all the fowle lugeis, fowle folk, and fowle geir be placeit be eist the greitt fowle luge
1585–6 Ib. 452.
To caus the tymmer of the luges of the mure to be brocht in
1587 Ib. 506. 1603 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 94.
1606 Stirling B. Rec. f. 115. 1607 Glasg. B. Rec. I. 261. 1622-6 Bisset II. 394/27.
Ane chapell neir besyde sanct Gelis grang, quhair in tyme of pest the inhabitantis of the said burgh ar placed to big thair ludges and scheillis
1645 Stirling B. Rec. I. 187.
1645 S. Leith Rec. 56. 1646 Peebles B. Rec. I. 421.
1677 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 320.

2. An abode, dwelling-place, residence. 1517 Acta Conc. Public Aff. 85.
The mastir of the Kingis luge in the inner under chalmer [of David's Tower in Edinburgh Castle]
1540 Lynd. Sat. 4216 (B).
Cum follow me, all fals corruptit iuges, With Ponce Pylat I sall prepair ȝour lugis
1560 Rolland Seven S. 7648.
For in this graue salbe my ludge and rest
1571 Sat. P. xxv. 129.
To saue this noble ludge Which is … Our Princes plane refuge

b. Accommodation, shelter, for animals. a1400 Leg. S. xl. 433.
Sa tyd that Niniane a tym wente To se his catel in entente & to the lug se quhat thai Had, & how thai lay

c. ? A place of confinement, a cell. 1635 Salmon Borrowstounness 64.
[They are to be] closed up and sett apart in loodges to abide there tryall

3. A shed or workshop for masons at a building site. Also attrib. with dure.Also masoun-luge, q.v. 1510 –13 Rentale Dunkeld. MS. 158 b.
Circa constructione case lie lwge lathomeris vj li. xij s. vij d.
1513 Treas. Acc. IV. 5 25.
For the sawing of ane rude of lath to the luge [at Linlithgow], ix s.
1529–30 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 25; Ib. 17, 18, 20, etc.
For viii dosoun fyrn sparris for cuppillis to the ii masonis luggis and the litill hous for the mason lwmys keping in the abbay kirkyard
1572–3 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. II. 384.
To Blakhall mason for the bigging of the dyik afoir the myll to the luige afoir Dauid Eduard payit for his uarkmanschip thereof
1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II. 84. 1633 Ib. MS. XXVI. 1.
Twa dowbill tries for the meassounes loodge
attrib. 1513 Treas. Acc. IV. 525.
Tane fra the smyth iiij crukis to the luge dure

b. A communal workshop for a group or body of masons. 1483 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 39.
It was rehersit be Dauid Menȝes, master of the kirk wark, that it was appoyntit … betuix the masownys of the luge … efter that thai war … accordit vpon certane … controuersy betuix thaime that gif ony tym tocum … ony of thaim offendit til vther … for the first faute he suld gif xx s. to Sanct Nicholace wark … and, gif thai fautit the thrid tym, to be excludit out of the luge as a common forfautour
1491 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 61.
That thair maister masoun and the laif of his collegis and seruandis of thair kirk wark … to forgather agane to thair wark at the hour of ane and than to remayne quhill iiij houris afternone and than to gett a recreatioun in the commoun luge be the space of half ane hour
1493 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 52.
Alexander Stute [etc.], … masonis, … hirit be the aldirman … for ane yer to remane and abide in thar seruice, batht in the luge and vteuche

c. The masons of a burgh as a corporate body; a local society or incorporation of masons. 1536 Reg. Episc. Brechin. II. 318.
And he [George Bois, mason] to keip his interes daily and hourly to his lawbour forsaid at the samyn … houris as the ald vs and consuetud of Our Lady luge of Dunde … usit befor
1599 Montgomery Mem. II. 240 (= Murray Lyon Hist. Lodge Edinb. 10).
That thair be ane wardene chosin … ilk ȝeir to haif the charge over everie ludge … and that be the voitis of the maisteris of the saids ludges and consent of thair wardene generall gif he happynis to be present
Ib. 242.
It is thocht neidfull be my lord warden generall that Edinburgh salbe the first and principall ludge in Scotland and that Kilwynning be the secund ludge as of befoir is notourlie manifest in our awld antient writtis and that S[trive]ling salbe the thrid ludge
1608 Edinb. Masons b.
Cristill Miller … is admitit fellow of craft in the lewdge of Edinburgh
1616 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II. 12.
To Johne Serveice warden of the maisouns ludge for his extraordinarie panis in haiffing the chairge of the rest and in trying of thair wark
c 1628 E. S. Lawrie Lodge Glasgow St. John No. 3 bis (1927) 29.
The Ludge of Edinburgh. William Wallace, decon, … The Ludge of Glasgow. John Boyd, deakin, Rob. Boyd. ane of the mestres, Hew Douck, deikon of the measounes and vrichtis of Ayre, and George Liddell, deacan of quarimen and nov quarter master. The Ludge of Stirling [etc.]
1646 Murray Lyon Hist. Lodge Edinb. 411.
The court of the Maissoun tred of the Loudge of Kilwyning, holdin in the vpper chamber of Hew Smythe, at the croce of Kilwyning

4. a. Any shed or cabin, as for storage or the like. 1552–3 Edinb. Old Acc. II. .
For peonar fee of iijxx xiiij buirds to be kitters furth of the luge to the kirk
1572 Sat. P. xxxii. 29.
We coilȝearis, cadgearis and carteris … , Quhair we did trauell, we dar not now appeir Out of our ludge, we tak of thame sic feir
1648 Edinb. Test. LXIII. 327.
Certane plenishing sic as bed plaids [etc.] … with ane ludge of daillis

b. A shed at a pit-head, used for storage or as a shelter. 1671 Dunferm. Coal Acc. 2 a.
For bigging and theiking the coill lndge
Ib. 5 b.
For 500 devats to the ludge

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"Luge n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Jun 2024 <>



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