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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Of, Off, prep. Also: ofe, offe, and Af. [ME. and e.m.E. of, ME. (Orm and c 1400) and e.m.E. off, OE. of: cf. the adv. Cf. also A prep. and O prep.1]The most common spelling at all dates (and in nearly all texts) is of. The spelling off occurs also throughout the period in most or all senses and is rather common in certain early texts.While the following illustrates the principal uses of this prep., no attempt has been made to list or classify all the innumerable verbs and adjs. which might be construed with of. These must be sought under the individual words themselves, where it will also appear which other preps. shared the functions of of.See also, for further examples of various uses of of, the compounds here-of, quhare-of, thare-of and, s.v. the pronouns, of the quhilk and of the samin.

1. Expressing motion or direction from: From, away from, up or down from, out of, off.Also with various advs., as doun of, furth of, of (aff) of, out of, etc., for which see the advs. Also from of (= from).(1) 1375 Barb. xi. 546.
Ane rose of his chaplet Wes faldyn
a1400 Leg. S. ix. 290.
& the skyne of hyme be flayne thare
Ib. i. 32, iii. 253, 755, etc. c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2512.
He put him sone of his awne clething
?1438 Alex. i. 1221.
All suddanly the hede can [he] tak Baith of the knycht and of the steid
Ib. ii. 6338.
The ladeis saw him of the tour
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 224. Ib. 706. c1475 Wall. i. 352.
How a Wallace suld putt thame of Scotland
Ib. vii. 8.
The King off Ingland come In Cvmyrland of Pumfrat fro his home
a1500 Seven S. 674. 1513 Doug. ii. iii. 4. 1530 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 37. 1547 Treas. Acc. IX. 126.
For taking of the mytar of the armes
1569-73 Bann. Memor. 237.
Some of the bulletis rebowndis of the calsey
1578 Acts III. 103/2.
The schering of thair cornis of the grund & winning thairof
1596 Black Bk. Taymouth 419. 1692 Conv. Burghs IV. 663.
The heavie burdenes … made sixteen families … remove of the place … being brock
(b) 1375 Barb. ii. 425.
Then off his hand the brydill yhed
Ib. iii. 231. c1420 Wynt. v. 2168. c1475 Wall. iii. 223. 1533 Dumfries B. Ct. 136 b.
Cum doun off jugement owt of the bar
1553 Knox III. 372. a1605 Birrel Diary 51.
The said Mr. Rot. Bruce commandit off the countrie
1657 Balfour Ann. IV. 248.
Maney of the barrons … wer gone offe the toune
1667 R. Moray Lett. 24 Apr.
I will flyte her off the causey
1676 McCrie Memoirs of Veitch (1825) 496.
None of them should go off the place
1693 Glasgow Wrights Acts 17.(2) 16.. Adv. MS. 22.2.11, 4th last p.
The oyll … ye must straik your haill bodie thairwith eftir ye com from of the bath

2. Expressing the position reached by motion from or separation or distance from: Away from, out of, off, not in or on.Also, to seaward of.For south of, este of, etc., see these words.(1) 1453 14th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. iii. 9.
Gyf ony of thaim happins to be off the cuntre or … mone nedways pas of the cuntre
1513 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 144.
And hald thame at thair previe labouris of the gait within thair houssis
1569 St. A. Kirk S. 331. 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 45.
Lying not far of the town
1581 Lanark B. Rec. 82.
William Bannatin … thairefter wes hading of the said Thomas
a1699 Skene Agric. MS.
Becawse if they [calves] sowke longer they becomme so browden that they cannot be haldin of the paipe
(2) a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xlviii. 156.
The roks lay off the land

3. In non-material applications: Expressing removal, departure or exclusion from, a condition or state.Rare after the early 16th c. 1375 Barb. ii. 435.
Gud is we pas of thar daunger
Ib. xvi. 251. a1400 Leg. S. ix. 238.
& the angel … Vpe in hewyne of thare sicht flaw
Ib. xxv. 358.
& now has put bath ofe lyf Fadir & modir
Ib. xxviii. 411.
Scho … saw a dragon … sa vgly That of wit scho wes wel nere
Ib. iii. 313; etc. ?1438 Alex. i. 700. c1420 Wynt. v. 3573.
Saynct Jerome Translated the bybill off Hebrwe
c1460 Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 315.
He mone pas of this varlde
1456 Hay II. 64/10.
All sik folyis … castis men of Goddis grace
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1316.
Yone bald berne that broght me of bandis
a1500 K. Hart 810.
Jelousie wes never of his presence
a1500 Seven S. 1263. 1513 Doug. ii. vi. 8.
Affrayit I glystnyt of sleip
Ib. viii. Prol. 38.
The thral [longs] tobe of thrillage
1518 Fife Sheriff Ct. 97.
George Wemys of Lorimaris brefe
1516 Ib. 40. 1520 Ib. 168. a1670 Scot Staggering State 90.
That both the King and Queen behoved to be killed and put off the way

b. = Beyond, more than.In of mesure, immeasurably, of all thing, before all else, especially. c1420 Ratis R. 811.
Gret dout That garris al thy spretis … bow for radnes of mesure
1456 Hay I. 300/26.
And of all thing quhen he is before his inymyes

4. After verbs (also verbal nouns and nouns of action) or adjs. of privative sense, of disposal or of cessation.For to let (= hinder) someone or something of an aim or purpose, see Let v. 1 d. For examples with the adjs. bare, clene, nakit, quite, see these words.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 26.
[They] war woydyt off cowardy
Ib. ii. 101.
How Inglis men … Dysherysys me off my land
Ib. xix. 114 (E).
Off his land … disponyt he
a1400 Leg. S. xxviii. 197.
Quhen the feynd … Had depriwit hyme wikitly Of sic ioy & of sic welth
c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 40/18.
Fasting … may deliuer thé of … pane
1496 Lennox Mun. 161.
Wnredemyt or lowsit of the forsaidis landis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxvi. 64 (M).
They temit thaim off schot
1528 Lynd. Dreme 941. 1535 Stewart 41224. 1562-3 Winȝet I. 8/30.
Neuir intendand to clenge thair handis of the kirk rentis
1629 Conv. Burghs III. 291.
Thair native ships … wer refuised of kettell fisch
(2) c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1509.
He of hys purpos walde sese
c1475 Wall. viii. 532. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 428.
Full oft I blenk by my buke & blynis of deuotioun
1513 Doug. xii. xiii. 23. 1533 Bell. Livy I. 164/19.
The faderis … ceissit of thare gude dedis done to the smal pepill
(3) 1375 Barb. ix. 61.
Thair capitane War couerit of his mekill ill
(4) a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 937.
Off euery wo the werray deliuerans

5. Of birth, descent or origin from a certain parentage, race, place, etc: From or of.In constructions with verbs. For constructions with nouns, see sense 6 below.For further examples see Bere v. 7 (c), Cum v. 7 and 8, Descend v. 2, etc. a1400 Leg. S. xxviii. 153.
He speryt … of quhat kyn Scho wes of
Ib. xxxvi. 186.
Johne is anerly Borne of woman thru get kindly
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxxiii. 32. 1533 Boece vi. ii. 187 b.
Quha war procedit of sobir blude

b. Indicating the derivation of a name. — a1400 Leg. S. xxviii. 21.
Of this margarit the name Of Margaret ma wele be tane
c1420 Wynt. ii. 764.
Hybernia thai callyd it syne Off this Hiberus

6. a. Connecting a personal noun or pronoun with a following noun of place, indicating origin from, situation at or in, or the fact of belonging to, the place.(1) 1375 Barb. iv. 343 (E).
The pure folk off thys countre
Ib. v. 348.
Thaim that war off the castell
c1420 Wynt. ii. 794.
Yrysch off Yrland callyd ar thai
Ib. iv. 2035.
Thai off Rome
? a 1510 Aberd. Univ. Review XXXVI. i. 43.
Adoue deir hart Of Aberdene
1517 Reg. Privy S. I. 447/1.
The auld innimys of Ingland
1523 Carnwath Baron Ct. (ed.) 2.
All the tennandis of Quodquen
1596 Dalr. II. 3/9.
All the nobilitie of Scotland
1633 Orkney Witch Trial in Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V. 545.
The serwant woman off the house
(2) 1402 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 56.
Dauid Noble Thomas of Chilton of Lythcu Walter of Tulach and Andreu Pantere of Monros burges
1461 Liber Plusc. 284.
Blac Annes of Dunbar

b. Connecting a Christian name and a place-name serving as a surname.The usage with of, appar. regular in the earliest records, becomes decreasingly common in the second half of the 15th c., and by c 1530 had appar. been totally superseded by the usage with ellipsis of of. 1387 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 11.
Jone Prymros Jone of Scone and Jone Skuyere masonys
1388 Ib. No. 13.
Betuixt Alexander of Irwyne lord of the Droum … and John Moigne lord of the Park of the Droum
1388 Ib. No. 14. 1408 Ib. No. 69. 1462 Peebles B. Rec. I. 147.
Wylle Rede … , John of Stanus … , James the Waiche
1472–3 Prestwick B. Rec. 21.
Anentis Jok of Galstoun
1483 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 39. 1487 Dunferm. B. Rec. I. 3. 1488 Ib. 5; etc. 1494 Peebles B. Rec. I. 195, etc. 1521 Stirling B. Rec. I. 11.
Wmquhill George of Crichetoun of Breder toune
c 1523 Prestwick B. Rec. 51. 1527 Stirling B. Rec. I. 30.

c. Connecting a personal noun with a following noun of family or race or of rank or station.(1) ?1438 Alex. ii. 3393.
That barny Of thame of Inde and of Baudare
c1450-2 Howlat 801.
Thir ar his Irland kingis of the Irischerye
c 1500 Rec. Kinloss Mon. 113.
Tubernafeyne of the grett or kemppis men callit Fenis
1513 Doug. xi. viii. 136.
The stalwart Camylla Of the famyll and kynrent of Volsca
c 1641–54 J. Gordon in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II. 517.
After them succeeded uthirs of uther races
(2) 1412 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 389.
Ilke man duelland in the burgh of wateuer state or conditioun that he be of
a1500 Henr. III. 126/7.
Off quhat stait, man, that thow be, Obey and thank thi God of all

7. In titles and territorial designations of persons.See also Ilk a.1 2 b for examples with that word.a. In titles.See also the various nouns of title, as countes, duke, erle, governour, gudeman, king, lady, lard, lord, quene, etc.b. Following a noun of office or function: Having rule over or charge of.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 27.
King Robert off Scotland
1385 Red Bk. Grandtully I. 138*.
Maystir Dunckane Petyte ersdene of Murrefe
1389 Liber Melros 449.
Of gude memore Dauid King qwhilom of Scotland
c1420 Wynt. v. 4129.
Celestyne Pape off Rome
Ib. viii. 1910.
The Byschape off Glasgw, Robert
1574 Conv. Burghs I. 31.
Johnne Dowglas … proveist of Hadingtoun
c1610 Jok Uplandis Newis 16.
The mightie lord of heaven
1642 Orkney Rentals iii. 16.
The minister off Ham
1644 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. III. 26.
James Gordoun fear off Terpersie
(2) 1375 Barb. xi. 456 (E).
Schyr Robert … that than was Marschell off all the ost
a1400 Leg. S. vi. 190.
Hyr spouse syne of that stede Ves mad bischope
c1420 Bute MS. 172.
A mayster of a schip
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 1808, 9.
Maister of vther … lord of all
1490 Treas. Acc. I. 174.
To the isschares of the haw dure
1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 251/2.
Makand the sade Robert and his ayris ballies of all … the landis
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 324/18, 19.
Saturn and Jubiter … goddis of the aire … and Mars god of batell
1593 St. A. Baxter Bks. 51.
The deakin of the craft
1662 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. I. 235.
Sir Jon Falconer, master of his majesties mint

c. Indicating that the person named is proprietor or principal tenant of the place, in contradistinction to in, which = resident in: see In prep. 1 (2) in Additions and Corrections, vol. III. 1386 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 8 (i).
Robyn Jonson of Balligyrnach
c 1400 Ib. No. 51. 1466 Acta Aud. 3/2. c1500-c1512 Dunb. iv. 63. 1516 Fife Sheriff Ct. 32, 33.
Dauid Balfour of Caraldstoune [etc.] … , Johnne Thomsone in Anstrothir, … Johnne Ȝoung in Halhill
1519–20 Stirling B. Rec. I. 2. 1521 Ib. 10.
James of Schaw of Salky, knycht
1544 Prestwick B. Rec. 59.
Wylȝame Wyle … & Jhone Wyle in Monktoun … , … Dauid Blair of Adamtoun
a1578 Pitsc. I. 2/4, 6, etc. c1650 Spalding I. 48. 1662 Crim. Trials III. 602.
In presence of … William Dallas of Cantrey [etc.] … and David Smith and Johne Weir in Auldern

8. Connecting a non-personal noun with a following noun of place: That is situated or exists in or at or takes place in or belongs to.Passing into next sense. 1375 Barb. xx. 324 (E).
He … left the grunȝe of Spainȝe On northalff him
?1438 Alex. ii. 184.
In the marches of Calde
Ib. 4411.
At the inganging of the forrest
c1420 Wynt. vii. 3372.
The body off hys kyrk … he gert be byggyt welle
Ib. viii. 5867.
The inwart off the kynryk
Ib. ix. 1544.
The wattyr off Ilé
c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 48/24.
Thow suld … frequent the materiall kirk … of the parrochin that thow art of
1498–9 Acta Conc. MS. VIII. 156 b.
The justice are of Perth
1518 Acta Conc. & Sess. MS. XXXI. 109.
The granale of Driburgh
1538 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 226.
The bak of the halter of the Kingis grace chapell
1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 124.
Ane dueiling hous of the said Oliuer land
16.. Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. III. 196.
There is a place of the sea close upon the Mule
1675 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 16 Oct.
The ship called the Providence off Dysert
1677 Elgin Rec. I. 322.
Benorth the stair of the peice land called the Baikhous

9. Belonging or pertaining to. a. As an integral part, an appurtenance or a possession (= the ‘possessive genitive’).Esp. where the possessor is a person or animal or a space of time, this relation may also be expressed by the possess. case.For further examples of of it and of mine, see these words.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii. 400.
Handis of men
14.. Acts I. 300/3.
The kelchin of … the King
c1420 Wynt. ii. 760.
For honowre off hys modyr
Ib. v. 4126.
Off Saynct Petyr the fest
1466 Acta Aud. 5/1.
The aieris of sumtyme Thomas Peresoun
1466 Acts II. 85/2.
The persons of thare seruandis
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4076.
The just blude of Christ Jesus
1551 Hamilton Cat. 267.
We fychtand … as trew knychtis of Christ Jesu
1618 Writers Signet xliii.
The wryting chalmer of Adame Lawtie
(2) 1412 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 389.
For to kepe the comone profite of the tovne
1489 Treas. Acc. I. 121.
To the kirk werk of Pertht
1490 Irland Mir. I. 78/10.
Thai cled thame with levis of the fege tre
a1500 Bk. Chess 14.
Comfort & plesance be the enemy Off this dedlie passioun malancoly
1513 Treas. Acc. IV. 492.
vjc keling salt, price of the hunder iiij li.v s.
1530 Balmerino & L. Chart. 33.
Fowir galds … for the hyngars of the bedds
1543 Carte Northberwic 64.
Fortye pundis gud and vsuall mony off this relme
1562-3 Winȝet I. 2/19.
The glaid solemniteis off the blyssit natiuitie [etc.]
1578 Perth Kirk S. MS. 31 Mar.
Payment of the dewties off the hospitall
1596 Dalr. II. 3/5.
The croun of Ingland
(3) 1428 Liber Melros II. 520.
Thir ar the namys of thaim
14.. Acts I. 8/2.
He sal assyth to the kyn of hym slayn
1470 Yester Wr. 69.
To byg … the said dam and the lade of it sal ryn [etc.]
a1500 Henr. III. 156/8. a1500 K. Hart 473.
For saik of thé
c1500 Harl. MS. 4700 148 b.
The takle of hir [a ship]
1513 Doug. iv. i. 49.
Baith cors and spreit Of me
Ib. xi. 33. 1562-3 Winȝet I. 10/6.
In the bosumis of thaim mony wayis deirbelufit
a1605 Montg. Flyt. 462 (H).
The kinne of that
1598 Prot. Bk. T. Auchinlek 67.
In the handis of us conotaris wndirwretin
1665 Dunkeld Presb. II. 62.
That a guiltie conscience bleaks the selfe of it
1691 Continuation Historical Relation Late General Assembly 45.
Take off the scab of the wamb of it
1696 Cullen B. Rec. 16 Apr.
With all the laich housses … & yairds of the samen
(4) 1428 Wemyss Chart. 56.
A salt pan of thaire awne
1456 Peebles B. Rec. I. 118. 1508 Treas. Acc. IV. 135.
Ane man of Odoneillis of Irland
1513 Doug. iii. ix. 114.
This navy of ȝowris
Ib. xiii. x. 91.
This ilk town of thyne
1549 Treas. Acc. IX. 327. 1581 Lanark B. Rec. 81.
Ane kow of his
1614 Highland P. III. 171.
Ane man off my awin

b. As an attribute or quality. c1420 Wynt. i. 1174.
Quhar na man dare repayre … For het off swn
a1450 Fifteen Ois 37.
In the flurising ȝoutheid of thé
1456 Hay II. 51/19.
The honour of knychthede
c1475 Wall. v. 607.
Throuch bewte off that brycht
1513 Doug. xii. Prol. 301.
The dynnyng of hir wanton cry
Arundel MS. 239/33.
Febilnes of body
c1590 Fowler II. 135/33, 34. 1622-6 Bisset II. 110/1.
The liberalitie of the kingis
1675 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. IV. 444.
The … liberty of the subject

10. Indicating the source from which an action is directed or something proceeds: From. 1375 Barb. xx. 357.
Knychtis that come of fer countre
a1400 Leg. S. xxviii. 14. ?1438 Alex. i. 1624.
Seuin thousand … Of syde come shutand on thame
1456 Hay I. 63/31.
A secrete letter … of ane of his maist speciale frendis
1479 Acta Conc. I. 32/1.
In the … drawin blude violently of our souuerain lordis seriand
a1500 Bernardus 18. 1490 Irland Mir. I. 81/16. 1513 Doug. vii. v. 23.
Of hir breist thir wordis warpis in hy
1539 Treas. Acc. VII. 48. c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 707.
Quhill he gat wind of the southeist
Ib. 725. 1562-3 Winȝet I. 63/19.
Of Louane the vii day of October
1570 Sat. P. xv. 77.
Quha schot him of the bischoppis stair In Lythgow
1658 R. Moray Lett. 12 Apr.
To take 4 fingers and a thumb off your haffet
1668 Lauder Jrnl. 190.
Saw of the linkes wheir Pinky field was fought

b. Indicating a personal or non-personal source, repository or store from which a thing is taken, given, derived, obtained, requested or hoped for: From.To hold (land etc.) of a superior, see Hald v. 6.To take (something) of one's hand, = from one: see also Hand n. 2 c in Additions and Corrections, vol. III.(1) 1375 Barb. xvii. 223 (E).
[He] resawit of the King the toun
1386 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 9.
Nane pundys sal be tane of nouther syde
c 1390 Ib. No. 20.
Gyf yhe will ony tendirnes of vs
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2723.
His sone … That scho consaved of Hector
?1438 Alex. i. 929.
We sall neuer of thy mouth heir Judgement
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1049.
Of me gettis thou na more
1483 Acta Aud. 135*/1. c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxv. 5.
I … can of ȝow get confort nane
1579 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 116. 1668 Edinb. Surgeons II. 27.
The gairdner to haue ane shilling of everie ene
(b) 1425 Reg. Great S. 11/1.
Als frely … as ony officiare beris office off ws or off owris
c1475 Wall. x. 449.
‘Langage off thé,’ the Bruce said, ‘I desyr’
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxviii. 33. 1523–4 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 71.
That Woll Jak tuk the ox off the man
(2) a1500 Seven S. 2454.
He wald I gaf hir of my hand At the kirk dure
a1605 Montg. Flyt. 448 (T).(3) ?1438 Alex. ii. 185.
Effesoun is ane fair cite That … Of thair mother syde thame falles
1406 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 63.
Twenty punde of vsuale money … of the pension of a hundre punde
1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 263/1.
The annuellis aucht to the Kingis grace of the landis of Kyncavill
1518 Acta Conc. & Sess. MS. XXXI. 109.
Six chalders to be takin of the granale
1562-3 Winȝet I. 62/28.
Of the Kirk rentis I had neuir my leuing
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 15.
A braid buird ye tak it of
Ib. No. 1328.
Sarie follie lat the laird cut of the roist
1656 Boharm Kirk S. 29 Apr.
Which he had given of his own purse
16.. R. Gordon in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II. 395.
Dyvers taken of the streets
1682 Cunningham Diary 22.
I lent of it to Mat. Patieson, 12 s.
(b) c1420 Wynt. i. 154.
Tyger … and Ewfrates Off Armeny thai tak thair res
Ib. 159, viii. 3995, 6. c1475 Wall. vi. 683.
We may get meit off bestiall in this land

11. Indicating a personal or non-personal source which gives rise to an action, event, situation, institution, feeling, etc. 1375 Barb. xi. 487.
Oftsis of ane vord may ris Discomfort
a1400 Leg. S. vi. 171, 3, 4. Ib. vii. 592. ?1438 Alex. ii. 2639, 40.
Great ill fallis of villanes speik And gude of courtes and of meik
c1420 Wynt. i. 498.
Off Japhet … Fyrst come knychtys dignite
1456 Hay I. 101/18.
That bataill cummys of rycht and of Goddis lawe
1513 Doug. iv. Prol. 114.
Lufe is … engendryt of heyt
1568 Q. Mary in Facs. Nat. MSS. III. lviii.
That thair may be na witnessing that the same cumis of me
a1599 Rollock Wks. I. 318.
All the doctrine rysis of the wordis
1596 Dalr. I. 21/17.
Nathir only of nature hes this dog this ingine, bot rathir of man
1611-57 Mure Early Misc. P. xix. 14. a1651 Calderwood VII. 357.
To proceede onlie of love of ease

b. Indicating a source of inspiration. c1475 Wall. viii. 218.
All his ost tuk off him hardiment
Ib. x. 93.

12. Indicating what directs, motivates, inspires or instigates an action. 1375 Barb. ii. 121.
Tak him as off thine awyne heid
a1400 Leg. S. xxviii. 183. c1420 Wynt. viii. 2374.
That he wald deyhgne hym off his grace … In thir injwrys to set remede
1472 (1476) Reg. Great S. 257/2.
Of his aune verray fre wil
c1475 Wall. x. 95.
For off inwy was few thar at itwyst
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus i. 479.
Thow carpis of cowardise
1563 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 214.
The leame pot quhilk can do na thing of itself
1596 Dalr. II. 3/11.
To … confirme the athe … offe compulsioune
c 1595 Maxwell Mem. II. 179.
I … spak to him of my awin heid
1643 Sc. N. & Q. 2 Ser. II. 3.
Ane tabill set befoir the pulpit of purpoiss

b. By, in accordance with (a command or injunction, the law, another's consent, etc.). 1473 Treas. Acc. I. 67.
The quhilk recompens was maid of the special commande of the King
1496 Acta Conc. II. 34.
The sade Thomas occupyit the sade mansione of tolerance of the sade Symon
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxxiv. 99.
Of commoun la All mensworne folk man cum to me
1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 93. 1601 Conv. Burghs II. 112.
Thomas Fischer … as owerisman, chossin of consent of baith the saidis parteis

c. Indicating logical derivation. 1596 Dalr. I. 5/17.
Followis of this that [etc.]

13. Indicating a cause, reason, ground or basis: Because of, as a result of, on account of, by.With many verbs, nouns and adjs. of praise, blame, pardon, thanks, requital, complaint, pride, shame, wonder, amusement, pleasure, distress, etc., as love, wyte, apardoun, thank, quite, mervail, like, fain, glad, sary, etc., qq.v. for examples.(a) ?1438 Alex. ii. 9657.
Of that ferly dame Fesonas leuch
Ib. 9637. c1460 Thewis Wysmen (S.T.S.) 118.
Men lufys nocht for the gyrthis the wyne Na full men of thar cleithinge fyne
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 340 (M).
He all stuneist of that stound
Id. Flyt. 16.
So loud of cair the commoun bell sould clynk
1596 Dalr. II. 125/24.
Al war lyk to cleiue of lauchter
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1383.
Sorrow fal the ghest the house is the war of
1643 Baillie II. 108.
Mr. Whyte hes keeped in of the gout
(b) 1375 Barb. i. 159.
Bot gyff it fall off rycht to me
1596 Dalr. I. 17/6.
Sik … drink as thir natiouns haue plesure off

b. Indicating the unit on which a payment is levied.Freq. with ellipsis of the verb of exaction or payment. 14.. Acts I. 303/2.
Of ilk otyr skyn a halfpeny
1428 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 3.
Thair sould be vplifted ane certain tax … of all schippes and boites entering thairin
Ib.; etc.
Of ilk tun, of friemen iiij d. and of strangers and vnfriemen viij d.
1482 Ib. 44. 1500 Ib. 242. 1632 Milne-Home MSS. 199.
Four pennies of ilk bot ankoraige silver

c. ?In payment for. c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 791.
Ȝe may get … Thrie thowsand nobillis of the rois Of me and of my companie

14. Indicating the agent or doer of an action (the ‘subjective genitive’).a. After passive verbs, p.p.s and predicative adjs.: By. b. After vbl. n.s and nouns of action: On the part of.a. (1) a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii. 400.
Thi godis … Ar mad bot of handis of men
Ib. xxxvii. 371.
It suld in the se … Be etyne of fel bestis thare
1466 Acta Aud. 5/1.
That scho be vnskathit of him in tyme tocum
1490 Irland Mir. II. 105/19. 15.. Clar. v. 86.
Of hir awin hand slaine
c1568 Lauder Minor P. ii. 78. a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. 133/19.
Thir vordes ar pronuncit of ane preist
(b) 1375 Barb. iv. 345 (E).
The pure folk … Ar chargit apon gret maner Off ws, that idill lyis her
c1420 Wynt. v. 688.
Inspyryd off God, ansuere he gat
c1615 Chron. Kings 31.
Accumpanyitt off ribbellis
1646 Elgin Rec. II. 357.
Being craved off umquhill Thomas Gadderer off som moneys for [etc.]
(2) 1483 Acta Aud. 135*/1.
The said James salbe harmeles & scathles of thaim
1500 Acta Conc. II. 433.
Thai being suspect persons of the law
1521 Stirling B. Rec. I. 11.b. (1) a1400 Leg. S. xxx. 21.
Thru flatry Of kerlyngis
Ib. i. 214. 14.. Burgh Laws c. 13 (A).
Bying of merchandis of strangis men
1462 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 368.
A day betuix the sone rising & the ganging to off that ilke
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 3587.
Now am I caus of all the peresing Off all this pepill and of the nobill king
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 230.
For rerd of thé and rattling of thy butis
Id. xliv. 4. a1578 Pitsc. I. 27/11.
Bot ony decreit or inquisitioun of thair peiris
1595 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 63.
The deces of the said David
a1605 Montg. Flyt. 103 (H).
Withe the print of a key weill brunt on thy browes
1631 Justiciary Cases I. 187.
The 83 act of the saxt parliament
(2) 1531 Bell. Boece II. 118.
The blissit bischop … kithis daily ma miraklis than evir was sene of ony othir sanct

15. Indicating a material agency or cause. 1375 Barb. xiii. 351.
Bannokburne that sa cummyrsum was Of slyk
1513 Doug. ix. i. 63.
Of giltyn geir dyd glytter bank and bus
a1568 Bann. MS. 283 b/19.
Quhill rong the widdis of hir melody

16. Indicating material or non-material instrumentality or means: By, by means of, by the intervention of, with. c1420 Wynt. viii. 6268.
Wyth a dynt off a knyff
14.. Acts I. 359/2.
All other landis … of conquest gottin
1456 Hay I. 129/14.
To warray my self of myn awin gudis
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 1823.
[He] thocht dreidles to win the toun of force
1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 84.
Being infectit hirself of the said seiknes
1622-6 Bisset II. 109/35.
Many chaipellis builded of the liberalitie of the kingis

b. Indicating that on or by which one lives, is nourished, depends, etc. ?1438 Alex. ii. 80.
Kynde had nurished him … Of all verteuis
Ib. 96.
[They] war brocht vp of my nurtour
a1500 Henr. Fab. 412 (H).
Ane wedow … Quhilk wan hir fude of spinning on hir rok
1533 Gau 93/24. c1590 Fowler II. 135/33.
Of quhome dependeth the suretie off his estate

17. Indicating that of or from which a thing is made or composed or consists.See also Mak v.1 1 (c) (2), 13, 15. c1420 Wynt. vi. 1423.
A cerkill was Sene apperand as off bras
c1450-2 Howlat 352.
In a feild of siluer
1473 Treas. Acc. I. 16.
A gowne of clath of gold
1578 Inv. Wardrobe 252.
Sevin … cutthrotis of forgit yron

b. Indicating the substance or elements of which something denoted by a collective or multiple expression consists.See also Money n. 3.(1) c1420 Wynt. i. 2.
The ordrys nyne Off haly angelys
Ib. iii. 207.
A byk off beys
Ib. i. 124, iii. 762, iv. 2057. 1497–8 Acta Conc. II. 119.
The space of twa yeris
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 144.
Ane pair of auld gray sox
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5315.
Legionis ar cum … Off antechristis
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xcvii. 23.
Sum band Off suddartis
1591 Edinb. Test. XXII. 308 b.
My haill stand of claythts
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 42/5.
A compte booke & inuentaire of all the crymes that ue uill be accused of
(2) c1420 Wynt. i. 128.
A welle of wattyr clere
1533 Boece ii. i. 58.
We sall … kendill ane bleis of debate and discorde
1549 Compl. 21/7.
The vmquhile fontane of sapiens
(3) 1500 Treas. Acc. II. 97.
To the barnis in the queir of Strivelin of spur silver … v s.

c. After kind, manere, sort, etc., see these nouns.

18. Following a verb, adj. or noun of fullness, emptiness, concentration or dispersal: = With.See also Abound v., Empty a., Full a. 1, Haboundance n., etc. 1375 Barb. xi. 47 (E).
Off tresour sua stuffyt is he
Ib. xvi. 634.
The feldis strowyt war Off Inglis men
c1420 Wynt. i. 108, 9.
Paradys … Abowndande in all delyte, Bathe of plesaunce and profyte, Off froyte and foule [etc.]
c1460 Dietary 14.
Rich of litill

19. Connecting two nouns of which the former denotes a class and the latter an example of that class (the ‘genitive of definition’).(a) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 1290.
The haly gast hes callit thé Of bischape to the dignite
Ib. xxviii. 86.
To the elde of fyftene ȝere
1391 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 380.
The landis of Tirepressy
1397 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 35.
Of the moneth of Octobre
1423 (1430) Reg. Great S. 31/1.
His castel of Louchmabane
1490 Irland Mir. I. 42/31.
The gift of counsale
1548 Melrose Reg. Rec. III. 221.
The feist of the inventioun of the halie croce callit Beltene
1617 Acts IV. 534/2.
The sacrament of baptisme
(b) 1375 Barb. i. 423.
He clemys the lordschip off Douglas
c1420 Wynt. v. 4589.
Gret crimys … off fallsed and inwy
1611-57 Mure Dido & Æneas i. 88.
Off suddaine joy strange passiouns do assail

20. In partitive expressions. a. Preceded by an indefinite noun.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xix. 453.
Ineucht of gude
1428 Wemyss Chart. 56.
Ilkane of thaim
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 1633.
Quhilk of thame
1496 Treas. Acc. I. 287.
In part of payment
(b) 1375 Barb. ii. 228.
He had feyle off full gret bounte
c1420 Wynt. ii. 1497.
Off knaw barnys thai walde sla mony
c1475 Wall. v. 1129.
Off purwiaunce thai fand litill or nane
1691 Sc. N. & Q. 1 Ser. XII. 90.
Severall off the trade

b. Dependent on (usu. preceded by) a definite quantitative, numerical or collective word or expression, in various applications and collocations.For similar collocations with ellipsis of of see the various nouns of quantity or number.(1) 1375 Barb. xii. 124 (E).
A part of thair lowing
?1438 Alex. i. 205.
To hald of land Ane akirbreid
c1420 Wynt. v. 2920.
Off erd twelff bakkatys
1498–9 Highland P. II. 196.
Ane halfe mk. of maile
1538 Treas. Acc. VI. 416.
For iij quarteris of blak velvet
1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 94.
Thair is ane certane of mysdoaris in Domglas quhilk [etc.]
1600-1610 Melvill 367.
Of the infinit number of bolls of victualls
1603 Montgomery Mem. II. 246.
For ane dussone of yards of fyne lesing
1633 Orkney Witch Trial in Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V. 548.
Ane sowpe off milk
1666 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I. 85.
Hallff ane dussen off fowlls
(2) 1397 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 35.
At ane of thir thre places
14.. Edinb. Univ. MS. La.ii.318
Tua of ȝou
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 44.(3) 1375 Barb. i. 522.
Quhen ten ȝeris of the wer wes gane
1393–4 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 29.
The xiij day of … Jenvare
c1420 Wynt. ix. 1251 (C).
Januer … The ȝet or fyrst entre Off the ȝher
Ib. 2217 (R).
Off Marche the five and twentyd day
c1450-2 Howlat 1.
In the myddis of May
1633 Orkney Witch Trial in Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V. 547.
At the isschow off the xiiij dayis
(4) 1682 Cullen Kirk S. 21 May.
Preacht our own minister … on the 18 of Genesis and 19
(5) 1633 Misc. Spald. C. III. 108.
iiim merkis, quhilk was lent out be him for nyn of the hundreth
1707 Conv. Burghs IV. 425.
We, tho the plurality, viz. of nyn of seventen, are in a manner excluded
(6) 1375 Barb. xvi. 144 (E).
Ner xxx … Off bowmen come
c1420 Wynt. iv. 2028. 1496 Acta Conc. II. 4.
Fourescore of pundis
1535 Stewart 42077.
Within les space nor tua or thre of ȝeir
1587 Edinb. Test. XVIII. 54.
Aucht of keiking glasis

c. Dependent on a superlative or equivalent word or expression. c1420 Wynt. ix. 1316.
Off thai [months] the fyrst wes Januere
a1500 Henr. Fab. 110 (Makc.).
Rys, gentill iasp, of al stanis the flowr
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 940 (Asl.).
The ground and hicht of werray perfectioun
a1500 Seven S. 232.
Of all this warld I luf ȝow best
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 178.
Loun of lownis aw
Id. xxvi. 119.
The depest pot of hell
Id. Tua Mar. W. i. 1513 Doug. ii. iii. 3.
And first of all the mannykillis … Chargit he lows
1562 Breadalbane Lett.
I wes the man that thai handlit maist vnfrendlie of the hous that I am cumit of

d. Not preceded or accompanied by a partitive word: = One of, some of. (Cf. also sense 26.)(1) 1375 Barb. ix. 313.
Philip … Has of his frendis vith hime tane
a1400 Leg. S. xii. 161.
His ȝarning hale set was Of thai fare happlis for to het
c1400 Troy-bk. i. 279.
Of halking and of hunting Haboundanly thar had the Kyng
?1438 Alex. ii. 2060.
Cassamvs … greatly of the warld hes sene
c1420 Wynt. iv. 1998. c1475 Wall. iv. 206. ? 1693 Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II. 221.
They ordinarlie send gratis to ther superiours of the product of ther land
(2) 1375 Barb. xi. 659 (E).
That off his fayis sall it feill
Ib. xiv. 362.
Off thar harnayis tynt thar was
a1400 Leg. S. xii. 166.
For of that froyt sal sone be brocht To thé
c1420 Wynt. viii. 5996.
Off thare folk in myris lay

21. a. Indicating a group or class of which a person or thing is a member.(1) 1375 Barb. xviii. 121 (E).
Ane Irsch king That off his aqwentance had he
?1438 Alex. ii. 4817.
Mychty of land and of money And of hie kin of thame of Troy
c1420 Wynt. vi. 1094.
A lurdane off thame slwe hym syne
a1500 Seven S. 255.
The worthy of the cite
1562-3 Winȝet I. 83/1.
The … doctouris of [v.r. off] the primitiue kirk
1593 St. A. Baxter Bks. 51.
That na brother of craft … carrye [etc.]
1697 Old-lore Misc. VIII. ii. 73.
He hes of my beasts in his custodie two ox steirkes [etc.]
(2) 1375 Barb. v. 345 (E).
Ane of his criyt, ‘Dowglas! Dowglas!’

b. Followed by a superlative adj. absol.: = That is one of, that are among. c1475 Wall. i. 133.
vij scor … off the gretast
Ib. v. 758.
A barbour off the best
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 204.
Beirnis of the best

22. Indicating a quality, condition, characteristic or distinguishing feature attributed to a person or thing (the ‘genitive of quality or description’). 1375 Barb. v. 492 (E).
A man als off mekill mycht
1393 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 26.
The ȝere of grace [1393]
c1450-2 Howlat 28.
And granes of grace
1456 Peebles B. Rec. I. 112.
Will of the Ost
a1650 Row 285.
Ane bold … man and of ane hote and fyrie spirit

b. Connecting two nouns or noun phrases of which the second states the value, amount, size etc. of the first. 1497 Acta Conc. II. 76.
The soume of vc li.
1507 Treas. Acc. III. 262.
For … bonetis bocht be the King himself of sundri pricis
1510 Reg. Privy S. I. 327/2.
[A] benefice of xl lib. or abone
1518 Edinb. Hammermen 255 b.
Nyn ducattis of wecht of nyntene schillingis the pece
1570 Canongate Ct. Bk. 207.
In plege … of twelf pundis
Ib.
To the availl of xxxvj li. money
1696 Cullen B. Rec. 16 Apr.
The said croft & ston house off three house height

c. Indicating something which specifies or distinguishes a time. — 1456 Hay II. 5/29.
In the day of the dredefull jugement
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1.
In the tyme of Arthur
c1475 Wall. vi. 847. 1640 Dundonald Par. Rec. 465.
Let the hour of gathering in the morning be seaven of clock

d. Connecting two nouns or noun phrases the second of which defines or limits in other ways the reference of the first. a1400 Leg. S. xvii. 29.
A fel beste of the kynd of thai That ar generyt in Asya
c1420 Wynt. v. 3394.
In habit off mwnk
Ib. vii. 118.
Wytha the off fewte
1431 Buccleuch Mun. II. 29.
Thys present letter off wetnes
c1450-2 Howlat 704.
In craftis of the ketchyne
1456 Hay I. 145/24.
Men of were
1466 Acts II. 85/2.
Lorde of parliament
1484 Acta Aud. *139/2.
Twa instrumentis of the signe and subscripcion manuale of maister James Gray notar
a1500 Seven S. 413.
And gentill iornais wndertak Baith of ernist and of play
1500 Prot. Bk. J. Young 243.
The mofabile gudis of airschip
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxxix. 33.
Deidis of petie
1542–3 Treas. Acc. VIII. 172.
½ elne ½ quarter Frenche broune of the seill
1562-3 Winȝet I. 52/36.
Thai wald thraw the exempill of the conversioun of St. Paull
1629 Justiciary Cases I. 119.
The fourt article of dittay
1665 Dunkeld Presb. II. 62.
The physiognome of a loun

e. In other constructions in similar defining or descriptive functions.(1) 1375 Barb. xii. 380 (E).
Thai monest thaim to be Off gret worschip and of bounte
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2885.
Quhene he was of fyvetene ȝere
1456 Hay I. 30/22.
The symple peple that ar of ignoraunce
a1500 K. Hart 610. a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 349.
Corspatrik that we of tressoun reid
1563 Dumfries B. Ct. 186 b.
The said Petir vas of minorite
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. cv. 2.
Poyetis … that ar now Off grit dispyte
1606 Birnie Kirk-b. xix.
This kinde … is of two sortes
(2) 1513 Doug. ix. xi. 91.
Quham nowder scheld of twa bull hydis thik, Nor ȝit [etc.]
1522 Dunferm. B. Rec. I. 209.
Ane gillot of twa ȝeir ald

23. Indicating the subject matter of thought, feeling or action.

a. With regard to the conveying or obtaining of information: Concerning, about.(Cf. also sense 26.)(1) 1375 Barb. iv. 402 (E).
The folk I spak off ere
Ib. xix. 130.
Messyngeris to trete Off pes
a1400 Leg. S. xxii. 422. ?1438 Alex. ii. 507.
And Edeas and Ydorus … That of amouris and of droury Can speke and spere richt merely
c1420 Wynt. iii. 324. Ib. v. 2645. 1425–6 Soc. Ant. II. 386.
The bailie sperit how thai [assizers] fand of the fyrste tenement
1456 Hay I. 11/25.
I wil pas mare lichtly our of all the papis that [etc.]
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 3093, 4.
And let him wit of all his gouernance Of his vexatioun and his distrublance
c1475 Wall. i. 1. c1500-c1512 Dunb. xliv. 11. Id. liv. 2. c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 40.
As monie ane that men of reidis
c1552 Id. Mon. 1172. 1562-3 Winȝet II. 76/3. c1568 Lauder Minor P. i. 378. 1596 Dalr. II. 320/25. Ib. 112/17.
How he insinuat of his flicht to his keiperis
(2) 1375 Barb. i. 33.
Off thaim I thynk this buk to ma
Ib. v. 341 (E).
James … off thair cummyng … had witting
c1475 Wall. v. 540. Ib. ix. 820. c1490 Irland Asl. MS. 67/24.
Spekand evill of other personis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lix. 10.
With rycht defamows speiche off lordis
1509 Thanes of Cawdor 121.
And … , sir notar, of all thys I ask at ȝou ane instrument or ma
c1552 Lynd. Mon. Title.
Ane dialog … Off the miserabyll estait of the warld
1554 Misc. Bann. C. III. 82.
Of this thing thar bene faythfull witnes
1586 Warrender P. MS. 220.
I culd not suspect any … jelewsyes culd be consaved of me
1607 Dalyell Darker Superst. 661.
Ministeris … mead thame jugeis of [etc.]
(3) 14.. Burgh Laws c. 39 (A).
Off wechtis and mesuris
14.. Acts I. 304/2.
Of custome of hydis and skynnis
c1450-2 Howlat 40.
Off that purpos in the place … I herd ane petuos appele
1578 Rec. Earld. Orkney 141.
Off the dait … the xxviij day off Jemvar [sic]

b. With regard to action or happening: In respect of, in the matter of.(1) 1375 Barb. iv. 319 (E).
To do off that quhat euir he thocht
Ib. xix. 127. 1396 Sc. Ant. XIV. 218.
He sal aseth hym of his landis
(2) 1375 Barb. i. 561.
Sa fell off this conand-making
Ib. xiii. 653 (E).
Sa fure it off thir kingis twa
?1438 Alex. ii. 2425. c1420 Wynt. i. 474.(3) c1475 Wall. i. 166.
King Herodis part thai playit … Off ȝong childyr that thai befor thaim fand
(4) 1456 Hay II. 77/14.
Sa besy and diligent of thy governaunce
1475 Peebles B. Rec. I. 173.
He beand beisse of techyn
(5) 1679 Welsh Alarm to Impenitent (1710) 4.
Befoir a faithful minister took their way of it [etc.]

c. Indicating that in repect of which a quality is attributed or a fact is predicated: In respect of, in the matter of, with regard to, in.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 402.
Off manheid and mekill mycht Till Ector dar I nane comper
Ib. viii. 228 (E).
Thar speris … Off lycht enlumynyt all the feldis
Ib. xix. 638.
Ane ost … That growys ilk day off mycht
Ib. iii. 588. 14.. Burgh Laws c. 54 (A).
That ilk dome salbe done of med as of ewill aille
1456 Hay I. 16/35.
Thai hard hertit heretikis and lollardis quhilkis ar dispairit of the faith of God
a1500 Bk. Chess 639.
All thing … That to knychthed of worschipe suld pertene
1530 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 108.
For it that scho vil persew hir of in spirituall law and temporall lawe
1568 Q. Mary in Facs. Nat. MSS. III. lviii.
And wil not do the lyk of my son for mony reasonis
1625 Kirkwall Sheriff Ct. Act Bk. 11 b.
That all bailȝes sall … inroll all … persones of weapons they hald
1631 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. IV. 292.
[They] persewed him of his lyfe
1659 Sc. Law Times 20 July 1935, 169.
When she was layeing of a child
1677 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 24 Oct.
Fynes Margarat Staffin in fourtie shilling Scots of contumacie being laufullie cited
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxii. 532.
A kyrk … That of Sancte Laurens halowit vas
1600 Crim. Trials II. 247.
John Ramsay wes knychtit of West Barnes
(3) 1375 Barb. i. 459.
God that maist is of all mycht
1398 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 38.
Culpable of ony sik trespas
?1438 Alex. i. 34. Ib. 539, 1400. c1420 Ratis R. 1475. c1420 Wynt. v. 4306. c1450-2 Howlat 3.
The bemes blythest of ble fro the son blent
c1460 Thewis Gud Women 19.
Weill of hir smylinge, simpyll and coy
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 120. c1475 Wall. i. 320. a1500 Seven S. 196.
Howart thow plesit of thi masteris now?
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxvi. 76; etc. 1513 Doug. vi. xiii. 30.
Siluyus Eneas … Renownyt baith of piete or in war
Ib. xi. vii. 189. 1533 Boece ix. xii. 317 b.
Eldefrede of the tane E was lamyt
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4076. a1570-86 Maitl. F. clxxviii. 27.
The hors boyis ar hurt of thair waige
1584 Gowrie P. 74.
Which … hath maide me somewhat the more skant of my lettres
1596 Dalr. I. 101 marg.
Thay ar war of bludscheding
1627 Justiciary Cases I. 69.(b) 1375 Barb. i. 28.
Hardy … off hart and hand
Ib. 348, 385. c1420 Wynt. i. 1338. c1475 Wall. ix. 297.
Lyk to the Scottis … Saiff off his tong for Inglis had he nane
1556 Lauder Off. Kings 140.
Off thir forsaids ȝe sall be sure
c 1630 Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II. 149.
Fertill of corne and plenteous off milk
(4) 1456 Hay II. 49/22.
That he be nocht sa lycht of striking with his handis
1579, 1617 Despauter (1579).
Praepes, licht of fleing
(5) c1475 Wall. v. 477.
His sone … than xix ȝeris off age
1513 Doug. i. xi. 22.
Ȝong of eld
1528 Cal. Charters Suppl.
Halff ane ell of breyd
(6) c1475 Wall. viii. 845.
Wallace off hand sen Arthour had na mak
a1570-86 Maitl. F. lxxx. 20.
Off sturtsumnes scho hes no peir
(7) 1574 Conv. Burghs I. 31.
Johnne Dowglas … being ane cordinar of his occupation
(8) 1408 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 70.
Of fourti pondis worth of land
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2541.
I pray ȝw … of sum-quhate do grace me till
1503–4 Treas. Acc. II. 275.
His task of the kechin toure in Strivelin
Arundel MS. 239/34.
In perall of my saule
c 1641–54 J. Gordon in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II. 528.
They haue no skil of fishing

24. Following a verbal noun, noun of action or other noun implying an action or underlying verbal relation, indicating the ‘object’ (the ‘objective genitive’).a. With the verbal noun, with and without the defin. art. or other determiner.In the former case appar. only const. with of. When the determiner is omitted there is an alternative usage which omits of and treats the verbal noun as a gerund with an immediately following direct object. This seems not to occur before the mid-16th c. and appar. remains rare into the 17th (but no census of these usages has as yet been taken). But earlier instances with a preceding direct object do occur, e.g. In spoulȝeing and riches taking; Barb. xiii. 457. For examples of these usages see some of the entries for vbl. n.s, as Keping, Kepping, Killing, Labouring, Laceing, Lacheting, Leding, Meting, Muk(k)ing, etc.(1) 1380 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 3.
In to the recoveryn of the landis
c 1456 Edinb. B. Rec. MS. 3.
To persew Robert Kar for the withhaldin fra him of a iak
1473 Treas. Acc. I. 45.
For the inbringing of Schire William of Rendis gudis
1488 Ib. 100. 1546 Ib. VIII. 460. 1557 Inverness Rec. I. 10.
For the leryng of hym
1637 Black Bk. Taymouth xx.
To cause holde hime to the speakeing of itt [sc. Gaelic]
1691 Jedburgh B. Rec. MS. 19 March.
For his wrongous spulȝieing and awaytakeing of certaine stones
(2) 1375 Barb. xvii. 88.
But seyng of ony man
a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 1288.
Thru wescheyng of our handis here
1456 Hay II. 64/4.
As in meting of bestis
c1475 Wall. vi. 196.
Newyn off it is bot ekyng off payne
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 487.
For fyling and infecking of the aire
1511 Chapel Royal 91.
For gudyng of the said gleib
1578 Inverness Rec. I. 264.
Vnder the pane of birnyng of hir on hir cheik
a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS. No. 866.
It is ill buying of oats from a goose
1615 Highland P. III. 281.
For withstanding of his insolencyis
1676 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 26 Jan.
For killing of four beasts
1698 Annandale Corr. 323.
Thiss hes restrained me from waitting off your lordship
1701 Glasg. Univ. Mun. II. 372.
To grant a factory … for ingathering of the rents

b. With nouns of action. c1420 Wynt. vii. 1807.
Or for the dowt of this Henry
1423 (1430) Reg. Great S. 31/1.
The keping, governance and the capitancy of hys castel of Louchmabane
1456 Hay I. 79/28.
In the begynnyng of the creacioun of the foure grete realmes
c1475 Wall. v. 715.
Los off his men and lusty payne off luff
Ib. vii. 230.
Vengeance off this throuch-out that kynrik ȝeid
1496 Treas. Acc. I. 287.
In … payment of lokkis and bandis
1513 Doug. i. Prol. 405.
I say nocht this of Chauser for offens
1617 Acts IV. 534/2.
Basines … for the ministratioun of the sacrament of baptisme
1676 Brodie Diary 369.
For the lend of money

c. With other nouns. c1420 Wynt. i. 100.
Of clethyng gret mystare
1477 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 460.
Til the behuyf & profyt of me
c1475 Wall. iii. 220.
To thar dyner … Off stuff and wyne that God had to thaim sent
Ib. v. 413.
For kyndnes off Wallace
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 122.
Of gold ane garland of hir heid
1562-3 Winȝet I. 52/36.
A trim cloke and excuis of thair euersion
1598 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 189.
In perell of tynsall
1698 Penninghame Par. Rec. I. 21.
The necessity of privy censures

d. Indicating the object of a verbal phrase.With verbs of giving, obtaining, having, executing, etc., as get, geve, have, mak and tak, qq.v. for many further examples.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 580.
To have the ledyng Off all Scotland
Ib. v. 419.
For he na hop had of reskewing
Ib. viii. 255. a1400 Leg. S. xxviii. 120. Ib. xxxiii. 114. 1428 Wemyss Chart. 56.
Ilkane … of othir sal hafe full fredome
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 1433 (Asl.). 1584 Cal. Sc. P. VII. 220.
Of qwhom we war assurit thai had not sa gret mislilking off as of ws
(2) 1375 Barb. i. 572.
That he suld wengeance ta Off that Brwys
c1475 Wall. iv. 333.
Off dyet fayr Wallace tuk neuir kepe
a1578 Pitsc. I. 27/10.
He punischit … bot for ane licht suspitioun that he tuik of thame
(3) c1420 Wynt. i. 34.
Quhylle Alysawndyre … of his dayis made endyng
Ib. v. 3087. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 438.
Gif him hapnit of ony to mak were
1589-1600 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 39 b.
Mar nor I haue gotene to make rekingene of
1675 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 16 Oct.
Maister Alexander Henrysoune … maid offer … off all the bay salt
(4) 1551 Hamilton Cat. 267.
[Temptation is] to geve us occasioun of spiritual battel
(5) 1681 Red Bk. Menteith II. 196.
Therfor be humbly pleased to get the lene of to me of sume earle's robes
(6) 1456 Hay I. 68/24.
The faderis wald do na … justice of thair barnis
(7) 1629 Orkney Witch Trial in County Folk Lore III. (1903) 80.
He kept the skaith of the death of his beastis

25. With agent nouns or the like, indicating the object of the underlying verb. ?1438 Alex. ii. 7377.
Of honour he is keper
c1450 Cr. Deyng (S.T.S.) 65.
The deuill … is … fathir of leisingis
1500 Prot. Bk. J. Young 243.
Clamys to be nerrest and lauchful air … of the mofabile gudis of airschip
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 77.
My lady Cleo, that help of makaris bene
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xiv. 11.
Off it thow heiris be nocht ane clatterar
1582 Reg. Privy C. III. 482.
Ingyrars of thameselffis
1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I. 88.
John Pyet … of quhom thow was the murtherer
1615 Highland P. III. 212.
Donald Gorme … wes the intysair of him

26. In collocations with verbs introducing what is in effect an object or secondary object.In similar cases OE. and Latin freq. employ the genitive case, F. uses de and ME. and mod. Eng. of.Some examples of (1) might perh. have been assigned to senses 20 d or 23.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 304.
He … That mycht of nane anoyis feyle
Ib. vii. 614.
Thai falȝeit of thair entent
?1438 Alex. ii. 2389. a1500 Rauf C. 140.
Of sic taillis thay began
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 142.
For certanetie he suspectis of the thing ȝe knaw, and of his lyfe
1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. 362.
Remember of this
1581-1623 James VI Poems I. 229/246.
If the ennemie triomphit of thaime & of thaire fame
1626 Bk. Carlaverock II. 79.
To remember of me quhen [etc.]
1627 Ib. 93.
[To] accept kyndlie off him
(2) 1565 Instit. Ct. Sess. 28 a.
The testament to be confirmit of be [etc.]
1674 Highland P. I. 277.
That such … tenants … be accepted kindly of by him
(3) 1375 Barb. vi. 120.
He wes varnysit of armyng
1400 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 44.
Of the quhilk wrangis … I … requeris yhow of help
c1460 Thewis Gud Women 292.
Quha … purway madenis of mareag Eftir thar stat
1479 Acta Conc. I. 29/1.
To … mak the erle … be restorit of the samyn gudis or the prise
1539 Reg. Privy S. II. 451/1.
Convictit of wilful errour
1547–8 Ayr Chart. 40.
The saidis provest [etc.] … ar infeft of fre burrowaige
1558 Q. Kennedy Tractive 118.
I will aske thame of ane questioun
1596 Dalr. I. 87/26.
And sa thay requyre the Scottis of frindschip and affinitie
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 42/5. 16.. Abercrummie in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II. 2.
Well enough provyded of coal
(b) c1420 Wynt. iv. 664.
For tyll have bene Revengyd off his fayis kene
c1590 Fowler II. 137/19. 1646 Elgin Rec. II. 357.
Being craved … off some moneys

27. With a date or a space of time: In, on. 1394–5 Menzies Charters 10 Feb.
Wyt al the fredomys that … may partene of tym to cum
1431 Reg. Great S. 43/2.
To pay … aucht ponddis of the fest of Sant Martyne
1476 (1481) Ib. 310/2.
Of fourty dais warnyn
c1475 Wall. ix. 659.
I had exampill off tym that is by-worn Trewys to bynd with thaim
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 197 (M).
Of sum ewin
1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 124.
Ane duelling hous … occupiit be the said Alexander of the terme of Martimes lastbipast
1584 Perth Kirk S. 249.
That no bairn should be baptized of a preaching day
1591 Edinb. Test. XXII. 308 b.
My … claythts quhilk I weir of the Sonday
1595 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 63.

28. In various other uses.(1) 1375 Barb. v. 492.
And als a man of mekill mycht As of the men of that cuntre
c1420 Wynt. iv. 2005.
The hill … than off fyre Brak out
a1500 Rauf C. 540.
Bot gif sum suddand let put it of delay
c1475 Wall. viii. 933.
Ȝeit still off pees the ost lugyt all nycht
1550–1 Corr. M. Lorraine 345.
I assourit his grace of my puir life and honour it vas the best to [etc.]
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xxii. 20.
Quhone that thai … mes and mateynis said of thair fassoun
1588 King Cat. 220.
Thay hauing in tham selues na merits of all
1666 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I. 85.
Hallff ane dussen off fowlls off presents
(2) c1420 Wynt. vi. 1930.
Na man suld be … Off powere to rewe hym hys lyff
14.. Acts I. 26/2.
Quhil the tym he be of eys to byg it agayn
1570 Leslie 150.
The King passit to the sey … of purpose to sale in France
c 1586 Maxwell Mem. II. 159.
Gif ȝe find my lord of myind to entir in blokein vith me
(3) 1513 Doug. vi. Prol. 24.
Deir of a revyn sleif
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 279.
If my part of this world's clay were rouped and sold, I would think it dear of a drink of water
(4) 1562-92 Wode's Psalter (ed.) 134.
Jhone Bughen … both set and notit this psalme of my unwitting

29. In phrases in various applications.a. Followed by nouns or adjs., qq.v. for examples, forming adv. or attrib. phrases, as of ald (tyme), of bak, of before (fore) (and see also Abefore and Obefor(e), of case, of chance, of (the) cloke, of daw(is, of det, of (nane, litill) effect, of elde, of far (fer), of fee, of force, of gude, of gude fame, of kin, of kind, of lang-ere, of lang-time bygane or bypast, of late, of law, of life, of like, of nede, of (the) new, of power, of price, of resoun, of suddantie, of treuth, of were, of ony wise.b. As the last element of many prepositional phrases, as for or be (the) cause of, in dispit of, for feir of, in the forme of, in maner of, maugre of, throw occasioun of, in rememberance of, in takin or takning of, incontrare of, nochtwithstanding of, for which see the noun elements or first elements. For of out of, see below.c. In the conjunctional phrase of les than, unless, = les than, Les C 1. (Cf. late ME. of lasse than (1414) and Oles adv. phr.)a. 1694 Misc. Hist. Soc. V. 257.
Now of a long time
b. c 1600 Sc. Hist. Rev. XIX. 267.
To remouv themselves ofout of that roome
c. 1465 Buccleuch Mun. II. 66.
Of les than it happyn the said mariage to falȝe in the saidis Sir Walter and Dauidis defalt
1468 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 24.
The dochter … aucht of resone and law to suceede to the heritage … of lesse than it was assignit of befor in the fadyris tyme

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