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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Parliament, Parlement, n.1 Also: parlea-, parlya-, parliea-, parla-, parlai-, parlie-, parly-; pairlia-, pairla-; perlia-, perlya-, perla-, perle-; parlment; (pralement). [ME. and e.m.E. parlement (1290), perlement (Wyclif), parliament (1428), perliament (c 1440), AF. parlement (1275), med.L. (Eng.) parl(i)amentum (13th c.), OF. parlement speaking.]

1. The Parliament of Scotland.Until 1707, a legislative, administrative and judicial assembly, meeting when summoned by the king in a centre nominated by him.a. A meeting of Parliament. b. Parliament viewed as an institution. c. Parliament regarded as a legislative assembly, either on a particular occasion or continuously. d. The persons attending Parliament, collectively.For the distinction between Plain parliament s.v. Plain a.1, the ‘full and formal meeting of the King's Council in Parliament summoned upon forty days' notice, and the less formal General Council which could be summoned at shorter notice and which lacked Parliament's judicial competence but was equally competent in political business, legislation and taxation’ (Dickinson Source-bk. I. 173), see also Sc. Hist. Rev. XVIII. 159 ff. and XX. 112 ff. and 263 ff.See also General Index to Acts s.v. Parliament.Act of parliament, see Act n. 2. Lord of (the, our, etc.) parliament, see Lord n. 8 and 11. Member of parliament, see Member n. 5. See also Estate n. 2 b for further examples.Buke of … parliament, cf. Buke n. 3.To ride the parliament, see Ride v. Riding of parliament, see Riding vbl.n. 1318 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 45.
[In pleno parliamento nostro tento apud Sconam
1369 Reg. Episc. Morav. 167.]
Ex deliberatione parliamenti
(1) 1375 Barb. xx. 125.
The kyng … thoucht he wald … Croune his ȝoung sone and his vif At that parliament [E. parleament]
1425 Acts II. 10/1.
At Edinburgh at the ische of this parliament thidder continewit
1427 Ib. 15/1.
That the smal baronis … nede nocht to cum to parliamentis nor general consalys
1456 Aberd. B. Rec. (S.H.S.) cxvi.
Efter the act of the kingis parliament
1473 Treas. Acc. I. 73.
At the parliament that last wes, to my Lady, … rede crammacy satyne for a kirtle
1477 Charter (Reg. H.) C.O. No. 68.
The quhilk is the first day of the parliament gif it hauldis
a1500 Seven S. 2604.
Than happinnit the king incontinent To set a generale parliament
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 65.
This king gart set ane plane parliament
1540 Lynd. Sat. 1778.
To gar proclame ane parliament Of all the thrie estaits
1540 Acts II. 383/1.
In the buke of this his present parliament
1550–1 Treas. Acc. IX. 475.
To the provestis of Linlithqw and Striveling to caus thame cum to the parliament
1570-3 Bann. Trans. 28.
The quenis factione … had appointed a parliament to be haulding at Linlythgow
a1578 Pitsc. I. 52/20.
1600-1610 Melvill 118.
To consult whow the parliament sould nocht inleak the spirituall esteat
(b) 1554 Peebles B. Rec. I. 411.
Quhan ye wair sowmand to the pairlament to Edinburgh
1643 Dumfries Treas. Acc. MS. 10.
To Jon Allat for weiting on at the pairlament at the tounes order
1690 Cramond Kirk S. III. 2 June.
To waitt on the pairliament which is to sitt this day
(c) 1554 Peebles B. Rec. I. 410.
(d) c1420 Wynt. viii. 2814.
And the kyng a parlement Gert set … And thiddyr he sowmownd … The barownys off his reawte
c1475 Wall. viii. 7.
1525 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 76.
As the act in the parliement proportis
a1561 Norvell Meroure 12 a.
When ended was this mightie parlament
(2) 1456 Hay II. 92/27.
For bathe in counsale and perlement generale and in bataill place it efferis wele to a prince to have a hye voce
1471 Acts II. 100/1.
Eftir the tenor of the act of parlyament
a1500 Seven S. 2624.
Heir I promit in parliament plane That he sall haf my dochter faire
1498–9 Acta Conc. II. 298.
According to the lawis and statutis of parliament
1540 Acts II. 383/1.
The samin to be actit and insert in his graces bukis of parliament
1542 Ib. 415/2.
[He] schew that thare was ane act instantlie red in faice of parliament that the haly write may be vsit in our vulgare toung
(1546) Balfour Pract. 264.
In all general counsallis and courtis of parliament
1566 Fraser P. 226.
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xviii. 60.
That all trew folk may Without discord had parliament and sessioun
1571 Sat. P. xxvi. 118.
He being crownit in lauchfull parliament
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 30.
The assemblie of the estatis in parliament was at hand
1596 Dalr. I. 107/33.
Cheiflie in tyme of parleament quhen present ar al the thrie ordouris
1597 Skene Acts (1597) Table s.v. Parliament.
In parliament all prelates earles barronnes and free-halders suld compeir personallie
1621 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 191.
1639 Acts V. 250/2.
That his hienes commissionar and estates of parliament may ryd solemnelie fra the said palace [Holyroodhouse] in parliament the said day to the parliament house at Edinburghe
1649 Ib. VI. ii. 132/2.
Quhilk efter reading in plaine parlement wes subscryved be the haill memberis
1650 Ib. 588/2.
Act … redd voyted and past in parliament
a1686 Turner Mem. 143.
Threttie horse were appointed to follow me for bringing the parliaments fines as they were called
1690 Cramond Kirk S. III. 10 Apr.
(3) 1425 Acts II. 11/2.
The king with consent of his parliament has statute and ordanit that [etc.]
c1475 Wall. viii. 647.
It war but derysioun To croun him king but woice off the parlyment
1596 Dalr. II. 89/26.
This parleament lykwyse discharges al man the futball [etc.]
1650 Bk. Univ. Kirk App. xxix.
1681 Lauder Observes 46.
Thesse [the commissioners] ryde alwayes some space alone before the rest of the parliament ryde
? 1689 Lett. (Annandale Papers, R. C. Reid transcript) 10 May.
The first thinge the pralement did they towke away the kings swprimece of the cowrche
(4) 1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 395.
The order of knights-baronets … being the true mean or honor betuein a barone of parlament and a knight

e. With specific reference to Parliament's judicatory function. Also transf.(1) 1398–9 Acts I. 211/2.
Ilke yhere the kyng sal halde a parlement swa that his subiectis be servit of the law
1456 Hay I. 221/25. 1466 Acta Aud. 5/2.
Becaus Walter Ogilby gert summond Schir Ja. Stewart … til a certane day in the parlment
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 266.
Mercurius thay cheisit … To be foirspeikar in the parliament
1490 Acta Conc. I. 190/1.
Ane decrett gevin in parliament of before
Ib. 193/1.
And tharfore the lordis of consale contenewis the said matter … to be declarit in parliament
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 782.
I desyre this to be in parliament
1498 Acta Conc. II. 181. c1500 Barounis Lawis fol. 6 b.
Fra court to court be a gre ascendand to the heid court of all that is the parliament
1503 Acts II. 254/1.
xxx or xl persons … quhilk sall haue powar as it war in ane parliament to decide and discus the said dume
1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 250/2.
That thai be … exempt fra all compering to sessionis parliamentis [etc.] … and utheris courtis
a1538 Abell 27 a.
Thai callit him till a parliament and thare accusit
1596 Dalr. II. 383/2. 1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i. 105.
It is lawful … to gaine say any judgement … till it be decried … be the parliament
Ib. Table (1), s.v. Parliament. c1650 Spalding II. 47.
Our Scottis incendiareis sould be tryit befoir our parliament
(2) a1500 Henr. Fab. 796 title (H).
The taill of … the parliament of fourfuttit beistis haldin be the lyoun
Ib. 958 (Bann.).
This suddane semblay … Havand the poyntis of a parliament Is maid to mar sic misdoaris as me
transf. 1605-6 Welsh Forty-eight Serm. 55.
And all the elect and saints of God shall be judged here also (so fair is this parliament)
a1658 Durham Comm. Rev. 741.
That never was there such a glorious parliament holden or ridden

f. With qualifying words, specifying a particular parliament in sense a above.Blak parliament, see also 3 below. 1531 Bell. Boece II. 399.
Nocht lang efter was ane conventioun of the lordis at Perth callit the Blak Perliament [1320]
1600-1610 Melvill 28.
In … August [1571] the Blak Parliament of Stirling [was] haldin whar the second Regent was slean
a1634 Forbes Rec. 423.
The first act of the 12th parliament, 1592
1671 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 18 Oct.
Imposed be the secund session of Lauderdaills parliament
c1679 Kirkton Hist. 114.
This parliament [1662] was called the drinking parliament

g. Attrib. and comb.See also Parliament-hous(e n.Parliament man, a member of Parliament. = Parliamentar n. b. 1560 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 73.
William Henrisoun constable deputt … had … vsit extortioun of custome at the portis of this burgh, alledgeand the samyn to pertene to him as his perliament fie
1581 Reg. Privy C. III. 428.
Certane small custumes callit of auld the parliament fee or archearis wyne for all merchandice enterend within his hienes burgh quhair the court of parliament hes bene haldin for the tyme
1600 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 275.
Dischairge … the touns customeris of all taking of doubill customes quhilk thai callit parliament feis
1622 Bruce in Wodrow's Life of Bruce 131.
I spoke not with a parliament-man, except the Lord Kilsyth
1659 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 19 Feb.
In going to the Generall to tak his advyse who sould be parliament man
16.. Row Cupp of Bon-Accord 3.
We must ryde in parliament order, the meanest man must goe formost
1622 Sc. Ant. XIII. 162.
The parliament roab … of ride crimsone velvet
1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 426.
In the which parlament roll the Earle of Southerland is … ranked immediately before the Earl of Mar
1585 Goudie Shetl. Antiq. 222.
In Edinburgh, his capital parliament toun

2. a. Applied to a similar assembly in another age or country. b. The Parliament of England. Also attrib. (quasi-possess.).a. ?1438 Alex. ii. 9920.
In plane parliament He [Alexander] said [etc.]
1456 Hay I. 144/5.
Ane advocate in parlement of pape, emperour or king
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 15004.
Till Antegone oure knicht of parliament
c1460 Regim. Princ. 272.
War it in France men wald mak cession hale In parliament
1538 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 471.
To ansuer in the parliament of Paris
b. 1375 Barb. i. 602.
The kyng sat into parleament
?a1500 Steel Roy Robert 109.
In Londoun thow swoir in parliament Ingland ten ȝeiris thow suld absent
c1650 Spalding II. 273.
The kingles parliament of England
1652 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. III. 73.
The parliament of the commonwealth of Ingland
attrib. 1666-7 Blakhall Narr. 186.
The skipper, looking through his prospect, discovered them to be parlament shippes
1668 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 285.
His lady and children who going to France wer totallie robbed … by the parliament ships

3. A convention; a conference; a council. 1549 Compl. 93/5.
As ȝour forbears var at the blac perliament at the bernis of Ayre
Ib. 96/12.
Kyng Eduard maid ane perlament vitht in his camp
1581 Conv. Burghs I. 121.
In the conventioun or parliament of burrowes haldin … at Edinburgh
1617 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 144.
Writ to me … of all procedingis in the towns bissness and parliament

4. Parley; discussion; discourse.? Also Palemone. ?1438 Alex. ii. 2266.
Gif God geuis ȝow ane mandment I may come sone to parliament
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 291/10.
Quhill thai war thus at thare parliament the schiref remembrit him of his office

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"Parliament n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jun 2024 <>



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