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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. X).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Tothir, adj. (pron.). Also: tothire, -yr(e, -er, toyther, toher, thother, -ir(e, -yr, tuthir(e, -yr, -er, twthir, -er, tyther, tethyr, todir(e, -yr(e, -er, toddir, -er, touder, towdyr, tuder, -ir, twdar, tuddyr, -ar, tidder, teder. [ME and e.m.E. toðer (1250), toþer, toder, toiþer (all Cursor M.) toþire (Manning), tother (1382), earlier þet or þat other, the t being attached to other when þe became the general form of the definite article. See Tan(e pron. (adj.).

A. adj. 1. With def. art., also possess.: The other (of two). Freq. in opposition to Ane num., Ta adj., Tan(e pron. (adj.) and This adj. (pron.).(1) 1375 Barb. iii 19.
The kingis folk full weill thaim bar And slew and fellyt and woundyt sar, Bot the folk off the tother party Fawcht with axys sa fellyly … That [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. xl 908.
The Inglis … Vend thar spy betraisit had Thame to the knycht … & the knycht, one the tothire syd, Quhen [etc.]
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 436 (C).
?1438 Alex. i 1095.
He … prikked sa to the tuther party That [etc.]
c1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
I gert cry in diuerse placis the trewis to be kepit, traystand that it suld be sua done on the tother part
1420 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 182.
Our forsaid lord till have the tane halfe of the profit cumand of the saidis landis and the forsaid erl his cusin the tother halffe of the profitt of the [saidis] landis
?14.. Ship Laws c. 29 (B).
1424 Dumbarton B. Rec. App. ii 2.
The comovn sele of … Dumbertane to the ta part remaynand with the burges of Renfrew, is to put; And to the tother part remaynand with the burges of Dumbertane, the comovn sele of … Renfrew is to put
a1500 Rauf C. 183.
Quhen thay war seruit and set to the suppar, Gyll and the gentill king, Charlis of micht, Syne on the tother syde sat the Coilȝear
1503 Treas. Acc. II 210.
iij elne i quartar wellus crammesy to be half ane cote to the king … iij elne clath of gold to the tothir half of it
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 490 (M).
He that sittis me nixt I nip on his fyngar I schir him on the tother syd on the samyn fassoun And he that behind me sittis [etc.]
1525 Exch. R. XV 585.
1530 Balmerino and L. Chart. ii 32.
1533 Boece 562.
1534 Treas. Acc. VI 192.
For funȝeis to this goune, and the laif tane of thame that was in to the tother goune that wes brynt iij li.
1553 Lanark B. Rec. 26.
1584 Gowrie P. 31.
Whosoever is to be accused is to be summoned, yf from [uppon] hie treason, uppon fortie dayes, yf uppon anie toher crime, uppon fifftene
?c1675 J. Gordon Hist. II 219.
[One estimation] is as neer the truthe as the tother relatione of his numbers
(2) 1549 Compl. 6/14.
The grit armye of enemeis valkand on ther tothir syde

b. The second (of more than two). 1375 Barb. ix 412 (C).
Thair ledderis to the wall thai set; And to clym vp fast pressit thai; And the gud kyng … Wes the tothir [E. secund] man that tuk the vall
1375 Barb. xi 314 (C).
Four battalis ordanyt thai … to the erle Thomas … He gaif the vaward in leding … The tothir battale wes gevin to … schir Eduard the worthy … the thrid battale he gaf [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. v 8.
John the ewangeliste … foure prewilege hym gewyn wes: Ane, fore God luffyt hym mare Thane al the lafe … the to-dyr prewilege wes, That Criste hym chesit fore to be But smyt of flesche in chastite; The thryd [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. xxii 793.
a1400 Leg. S. xliii 261.
1434–5 Aberd. B. Rec. MS IV 33 (22 Feb.).
Quhat fleschar that beis commit for brekyng of price … at the first tyme sal pay viij s. Alsmykil at the tuthir tyme And the thrid tyme the flesch to be eschet
1456 Hay I 2/6.
The ferde [chapter] is of the first angel … The fyft is of the tothir angel … The thrid angel
a1500 Colk. Sow iii 104.
The first wes … Chantecleir … The tuthir bruthir was clipit Cok Cademan … Kok Crawdoun was the thrid [etc.]

c. The tothir warld, the next world, the life after death and judgment. 1456 Hay I 74/14.
For and all thingis that ar done in this warld war jugit here, the jugement of God in the tothir warld on domysday suld have nocht ado
c1460 Wisd. Sol. (STS) 194.
He beheld the wykytnes … that was done be the jugis and justiceris sayand … that the gret God suld be the souerane juge abwne thaim … in the tothir warld

d. The remaining, the additional. 1535 Stewart 30151.
The tother thre of regentis

2. With def. art.: With reference to a period of time. a. The following, the next. b. The preceding, the previous.a. 1375 Barb. iv 518 (C).
The king apon the tothir day Can till his preue menȝe say [etc.]
1535 Stewart 1406.
Eolus so loud he blew his horne On thame all nycht lang or the tother morne
b. c1475 Wall. v 908.
Schir Jhone the Grayme … To the Corhed come on the tothir nycht … quhair thai a tryst had set Rycht ner the steid quhar Scottis and Ynglis mete … quhen he the cownter saw [etc.]
1570 Leslie 7.
I being reteirit fra the Court of Ingland (quhair I was resident for a gryit space of the tother yere, in 1568 … ) and tharefter remaning at Burtown apon Trent

3. With pl. or coll. noun: The others, the rest of (a group); the remaining (persons, things, etc.). 1375 Barb. xi 350 (E).
He said the rerward he wald ma … and on ather hand The tother bataillis suld be gangand Besid on sid, a litill space
a1400 Leg. S. xxv 773.
c1420 Wynt. i 459.
The tothir twa … thare fadyr … Wytht eys and honowre thai hym kepid
1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I 8.
Than sall the said John of Fiff lay down the tother … and mak fwll the sowm of iiijxx of lib.
1467 Lennox Mun. 79.
The tother fourty markis to be pait … in ber and martis
1479 Prestwick B. Rec. 28.
Riche Cristole accusit … Andro Sauer that he held fra him xviij s. for a meir quhilk he sald him; and to haue pait ix s. at Witsonday last bigane and the toddir ix s. at Mertinmes last bigane
c1475 Wall. xi 612.
The tothir four assentyt till his saw
1489 Treas. Acc. I 135.
For xxij elne of blak veluus for ij lang gownis and a half lang gowne to the king … For viij elne of russat sattin to lyne the todir lang gowne
1523 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 71.
Ane of thaim of ilk wach to be feit be the induolleris of that part, the tother tua to wak with that feit wachman quhill he wakis
1549 Compl. 69/32.
It [sc. the third part of the mantle] vas verst grathit, ande spylt be ane grit defferens nor vas the tothir tua partis of that mantil
a1578 Pitsc. I 149/24.
This lord Chrichtoun with gret provisioun He dissaweit baith the tuddar twa And brocht the Douglassis to confussioun
1626 Elgin Rec. II 193.
Johne Andersone to give 40 s. to a man to heall the ladis leg … and to give him tother fourty when it is heall
1639 Thanes of Cawdor 284.
Timber scentries and all tother wricht work

4. On, etc. the (that) ta (tane) part (syd) … on, etc. the (that) tothir part (syd). a. Referring to the two parties in an agreement, etc.; see Ta adj. 2 and Tan(e pron. (adj.) B 2. Also in opposition to A num. and Ane num. b. Referring to the boundaries of a piece of land; see Ta adj. 2 b.a. (1) 1410 Red Bk. Menteith II 281.
1425 Liber Melros 544.
1432 Lamont P. 13.
1447 (1451) Reg. Great S. 106/1.
1520 Stirling B. Rec. I 7.
Sir James Crag and Jenot Balrocht on the ta part, Agnes Lang and Ritschart Naern on the touder part
1526 Dumfries B. Ct. 20 Oct.
Johne Rig … apon the ta pairt, Thom Mckynnen … apon the teder pairt
(2) 1519 Buccleuch Mun. II 137.
It is … aggreit … betuix … Waltir Scot of Branxhelm … on the tane part and James Gledstanis … on the tuddyr part
c1532–50 Breadalbane P. MS (Reg. H.) (see Tan(e pron. (adj.) B 2).
(3) 1388 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 294.
This endenture made … betuixt Alexander of Irwyne … on a part and John Moigne … on the tothir part
1428 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 460.
This indentur made … betuen Murthou of Glaystir of Lumgeir on a part and Gilbert of Jonston of Balnedache on the tothir part
c1439 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 189.
It is … accordyte betwex my Lorde of Mar … and his sonn … one a pairt and Sir Alisander of Forbes … of the tother pairt
1488 Lanark B. Rec. 3.
It is poyntit, concordyt, and finaly endyt betwix Stene Lokart of Cleghern on a pairt and John of Gledstanis … on the tother pairt
1551 Prot. Bk. Sir Wm. Corbet 13.
It is aggreit [gap] betueyn [gap] Jhon Mwtar … of the ane part, and James of Myll … of the toyther part as follows
b. 1470 Prestwick B. Rec. 9 (see Ta adj. 2 b).
1515 Wigtown B. Ct. 46a (see Ta adj. 2 b).

B. pron. 1. The other (of two). Freq. in opposition to Ane num., Ta adj., Tan(e pron. (adj.), etc. 1375 Barb. vi 338 (C).
Vorschip extremyteis has twa; Fule-hardyment the formast is, And the tothir is cowardis
a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi 959.
Ane of tha Wes Alisander, & the todyre, Aristotolus, his bruthere
a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii 355.
c1420 Wynt. ii 1416.
Twa yhung men … The tayne callid wes Plynyus The tothire Scolopetyus
14.. Burgh Laws c. 44 (B).
1456 Hay I 191/5.
For the law has regarde to the grete tendernes that nature gevis to the ta brothir to defend the tothir, or his sister
1464 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 22.
1465 Buccleuch Mun. II 66.
Quhensaeuer it sal happin the saidis Schir Walter or Dauid … or the tother of thaim, thair aieris, executouris and assignais to pay to me, … myn aieris or assignais … the soume of [etc.]
1490 Irland Mir. III 24/36.
Thar was twa men … Adam … and Jhesus The first distroyit all the humane linage be syn, the tothir, Jhesus reparit all
1492 Myll Spect. 293/20.
The tane of thaim slew the tother
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 100/5.
The an futt ȝeid ay onrycht And to the tother wald nocht gree
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 198/11.
My fair sweit cummer, quod the tuder
1510 Selkirk B. Ct. MS 7b.
1517 Wigtown B. Ct. 69b.
James Baxter to Dungall Campbell cha. for the vrangus occuping of twa taillis of beyr land … skadan him ilk ȝeir … to ane merk for the tayn & xii crounis for the towdyr
1533 Boece 392.
Bren … gouernit ane armye, and be Cornele was the tothir convoyit
1569 Prestwick B. Rec. 71.
The sowme of fourte pownd … to be equaly destrebyt betuex the saidis [two sisters] and geyf ony of the sadis inlaykis the todir sal hayf the hayl sowme

2. The second (of more than two). 1375 Barb. v 608.
The fader had a swerd but mar The tother bath swerd & hand-ax bar, The thrid a swerd had & a sper
?1438 Alex. ii 2549.
In lele lufing Wit suld be first … Laute is the tother … Heling is left … Thir thre ar the vertewis, I wis … For to sustene the branches wele Of lufe
14.. Acts I 28/2.
Thre hevyd mutis ar thruch the yhere … the first eftyr the fest of sanct Michael the tother next eftyr Ȝoill the thrid eftyr Pasch
1456 Hay I 12/36.
The haly scripture has four maneris of understanding. The first is efter the letter, and the tothir is entermellit, the quhilkis clerkis callis secundum justum, the rycht witt. The thrid is [etc.]
1460 Hay Alex. 1176.
The first battall gouernit Emenedus, The tother Perdicas, the thrid Crassus
1535 Stewart 47003.
Johnne Cuming the tother of tha thre

3. pl. The others, the rest (of a group). c1420 Wynt. viii 4418.
Tyll Louchabyre he held hys way, And the tothyris hym folowyd ay
1490 Irland Mir. I 144/4.
A woman has mendit the totheris faute be mene of hire blist sone
1522 Mar & Kellie MSS 12.
They that comis first pas furth or the tothers com in

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"Tothir adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2023 <>



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