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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Ane, numeral and adj. Also: aan, an; ayn, ayne; aen(e, eane. [Northern ME. ane, an (ME. one, oon), OE. án.]

A. numeral. 1. a. A single person or thing.Ane as bathe, etc.: see Bathe a. Ane or ma: see Ma a. Every ane, ilk ane, mony ane: see Every, Ilk, Mony. Anes erand: see Erand n. 1375 Barb. vii. 437.
Syn I am ane and ȝhe ar thre
Ib. xvi. 304.
Bot gif that it war ane or twa
a1400 Leg. S. i. 179.
This he held preuilege[s] thre; Ane, of the appostolis prince wes he
c1420 Wynt. vii. 2821.
A thowsand twa hundyr and thretty gane, And to tha yhit reknyt ane
1456 Peebles B. Rec. 113.
Sym Conno … drauis his land in borch qwyl he hayf an of his awn
c1475 Wall. i. 335.
He gert wrytt ane till his systir
c1500-c1512 Dunb. l. 7.
Ane fairer knycht nor he was ane; On ground may nother ryd nor gang
1513 Doug. i. i. 74.
To byrn thar shippis and all, for anys saik
Ib. iii. viii. 61.
Quham to eik the chance of fortoun is ane
1567 Sat. P. iii. 122.
Gif God … for ainis fault ane multitude did shoir
a1570-86 Maitland M. Fol. ci. 55.
Ȝit ay for ane thair is twentie
Ib. clxx. 169.
Ȝour hous of ald oft had no heir bot ane
1600-1610 Melvill 183.
Ther salbe twa Deacones: an till attend upon the box
1620 Jedburgh B. Rec. (MS.) 7 June.
Gif they be twenty he shall take ane

b. In contrast to vther or other, etc. 1375 Barb. xvii. 45.
Ane or othir suld wrethit be
c1420 Wynt. ix. 40.
Quhile ane, quhile othir
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lvi. 12.
Quhair ane makis myrrie, ane vther lukis doun
1515 Fam. Rose 186.
The sadis parteis ar oblist … ayn till other
1567 G. Ball. 26.
Ane may nocht ane vther fle
Ib. 73.
We suld ane exhort ane vther
1595 Misc. Maitl. C. I. 74.
The kirk ordenis thame to separat thame ane fra wtheris
c1616 Hume Orthog. 7.
They are distinguished the ane from the other
1644 Kirkcudbright Min. Bk. 246.
Ane at the meikle yett, and ane other at the wynd futt

c. Ane and ane, ane be ane, one at a time. 1375 Barb. vi. 124.
Thai mycht cum bot ane and ane
c1420 Wynt. v. 1901.
This lady … wysytyd hyr goddys, ane and ane
Ib. 2204.
He … tuk wpe ane and ane Off the lordys thare
a1500 Doug. K. Hart 563.
Thy tresour haue thay … tane, … And stowin away fra the ane and ane
15.. Clar. iv. 2019.
Syne kissit he hir Ladies ane and ane
a1578 Pitsc. I. 117/27.
The bischoip … pullit out ane be ane or twa be twa quhill he had brokin thame all

d. Ane and all, every one individually and collectively. 1513 Doug. ix. viii. 16.
With huge clamour followyng ane and all
1535 Stewart 32005.
That euerie man … sould reddie be … to compeir before him ane and all
1567 G. Ball. 104.
Lyke burris, thay cleif baith ane and all
a1585 Maitland M. Q. v. 91.
Amend ȝour lyffis ane and all

e. ellipt. One o'clock. 1575 Conv. Burghs I. 47.
To convene … fra ane efter none quhill iiij efter none

2. With of (a number of persons or things). 1375 Barb. v. 460.
Ane of the Thrillwallis then He left behynd hym capitane
a1400 Leg. S. xv. 2.
Swme men wenis that Barnabas Ane of the apostolis was
c1420 Wynt. viii. 4884.
This is ane off my ladyis pynnys
1456 Hay I. 12/12.
That was ane of the partis of the visioun of sanct Johne
c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 5/1.
The enemy wate nocht of ane of thai na wald nocht ane of thaim
1507 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 140.
An of hir houshold seruantis
1537 Treas. Acc. VI. 328.
Ane reid bonet to ane of the saidis allakayis
1587 Reg. Privy C. IV. 181.
Ane of the vallettis of the Kingis Maiesteis chalmer
1622-6 Bisset I. 5/17.
Ane of his maiesteis … counsalouris
1664 Aberd. B. Rec. 208.
Ane of the most antient royall burghes

3. By oneself (or itself); alone; solitary. Occas. in dative absolute with pronouns, as him ane. Cf. Allane a. 1375 Barb. vi. 320.
With so feill folk to fecht him ane
a1400 Leg. S. iii. 979.
We sal nocht be ws ane twa Conuerse for-owtine witting ma
Ib. xxix. 208.
He … skalyt his men here & thare, … Til he belewit al hyme ane
a1500 Rauf C. 2606.
In cais I cum to the Court, And knaw bot thé ane
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 48.
None vndo it … may bot the deith ane

b. Used after adjectives, also in pl.a. c1500-c1512 Dunb. li. 22.
Madame, I red ȝou get a les ane
Ib. lxxv. 7.
Ȝe brek my hart, my bony ane
1560 Rolland Seven S. 61/24.
The Mother left the ȝoung ane [= child] on the flure
1562-3 Winȝet I. 6/23.
The blude … of the smallaste ane that sall perise
1625 Garden Sc. Kings 32.
Alone thou lurkt, and was the latest ane
b. a1500 Henr. II. 304/154.
The pure anis
1562-3 Winȝet I. 5/11.
Ignorantis and filthy anis
Ib. 8/31. 1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. 35 b.
The pure simple anis
1622-6 Bisset I. 15/8.
The pure anis cace

4. A certain person. a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 1069.
Ane com & can till hym say [etc.]
?1438 Alex. ii. Prol. 13.
For ane, the lustyest that is wrocht
1456 Hay I. 115/28.
The doctrine of ane callit Vectait, a doctour
1473–4 Treas. Acc. I. 11.
Of amerciament of … ane Arnot
c1475 Wall. i. 17.
We reide of ane rycht famous of renowne
1513 Doug. x. ix. 37.
Ane Magus, that subtell was and sle
1558-66 Knox I. 457.
The Frenche being advertissed by ane named Clerk
1569 Sat. P. x. 132.
Our fais … brocht in ane to reule

5. In phrases. a. At ane, in or into a state of unity. c1475 Wall. ix. 173.
Lat be your wer, thir ar our freyndis at ane
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxv. 47.
Quhone that our mowthis dois meit at ane
a1578 Pitsc. I. 222/24.
Thocht hie and I hes not bene at ane thir money ȝeiris
a1570-86 Maitland M. Fol. clxxix. 118.
Quhat gretter gift thane can thow craiff Than be at ane with sik ane lord
1596 Dalr. I. 186/31.
Bot Carancie … he king of the Scottis with the king of the Pechtes sett at ane, and maid thame fyne freindes

b. Eftir ane, in harmony. Intill ane, in one course. 1375 Barb. v. 24.
Thai na nedill had na stane, But rowit alwayis in-till ane
1513 Doug. xiii. Prol. 191.
Full weill I wayt my text sall mony like; Sen eftir ane my tung is and my pen

c. Of ane, of all, beyond all. (See also One num.) Usually with superlatives.The use corresponds to that of ON. einna (gen. pl. of einn one) with superlatives. 1375 Barb. iv. 75.
That wes the starkest man of ane, That men fynd mycht in ony cuntre
Ib. v. 527.
He that he trowit mast of ane
a1500 Rauf C. 576.
He … in ane rob him arrayit richest of ane
a1500 Henr. Bludy Serk 18.
Thair dwelt … A fowll gyane of ane
c1500 Fyve Bestes 320.
Ane worthy clerke, the best of ane
1513 Doug. xi. Prol. 93.
He is thy ancyent ennymy, werst of ane

d. Our ane, in one; together. 1513 Doug. vi. x. 104.
Certane dwelling nane In this cuntre haue we, bot all ourane Walkys
Ib. ix. vi. 27.
Baith men and cartis myddillyt all our ane

e. On an, On ane: see On-an(e adv.

6. In ane: a. In unison; unanimously. c1450-2 Howlat 861.
Considerand the causs, [thai] concludit in ane That thai wald Natur beseike … To discend
1560 Rolland Seven S. Prol. a iij/26.
Quhen twa arguis, in ane or thay conclude, On force thair talk mon be contrarious
1596 Dalr. II. 193/3.
The Nobilitie concludes in ane, that men of weir … be gatherit

b. In company or conjunction; in one; together. c1450-2 Howlat 151.
I sall not [= note] ȝow richt now thar names in ane
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 346.
War al your strenthis in ane, … He wald ourcum yow ilkane
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxv. 61.
Thai twa to ane play began, … Quhill that thair myrthis met baythe in ane
c1550 Rolland C. Venus ii. 28.
Quhen Desperance thir seuin in ane saw sit

c. Continuously; without cessation. a1400 Leg. S. xlii. 72.
Thai mocht be naway get hyre … to consent … bot sad nay ay in ane
1513 Doug. ix. xiii. 66.
Euer in ane hys bos helm rang and soundyt
1560 Rolland Seven S. 264/25.
About this place resorts Rauins thre, … Rowpand in ane, and euer on me cryis

d. Anon. Cf. On-an(e adv. c1450-2 Howlat 47.
Nerar that noys in nest I nechit in ane
Ib. 887.
Dame Natur … nechit in ane

B. adj. 1. One; a single. Sometimes emphatic = one only. 1375 Barb. xiv. 534.
On hors ane hundreth thai mycht be
14.. Acts I. 30/2.
Als mekyl as fallys til ane rude of lande at the leste
1481 Fam. Rose 146.
The yeir off ayne thosand four hundreth achtj and a yeiris
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 216.
Thair was slane Willam of Sowthwan and ane man with him
1517 Acta Conc. MS. XXIX. 21.
He dysyris aene hundreth merkis landis
1529 Treas. Acc. V. 365.
Ane eln tua quarteris and ane half of uterfyne
a1540 Freiris Berw. 81.
The gudwyfe thay prayit … To grant thame herbrye that ane nicht
1560 Rolland Seven S. 9/31.
I seik na vther thing Bot ȝour ane sone to haue in gouerning
a1578 Pitsc. I. 13/12.
This James the first left bot ane sone behind him
1600 Cath. Tract. 222/30.
Thair is bot ane God, ane faith, ane Baptisme
1633 Johnston Diary I. 163.
Boldly without ane hoast or snapper I said my lesson
1649 Lamont Diary 5.
[They] had both ther texts in ane and that same verse
1667 Aberd. B. Rec. 242.
For the space of ane yeir from the dait heirof

b. In compound numerals. 1457 Peebles B. Rec. 123.
The an and xxti day of … November
1557 Reg. Cupar A. II. 137.
Payand thair multure … the ane and tuenty corne
1582 Treas. Acc. MS. 72.
From the first of August to the tuenty ane of the same

2. United; unanimous; undivided. 1557 Prot. Bk. A. Gaw 43.
All in ane voce
a1568 Scott x. 57.
That baith our hairtis ar ane
1567 G. Ball. 104.
Thay now conspyre … With ane consent
1574 Conv. Burghs I. 3.
The … commissionaris all in ane voice fyndis [etc.]
1602 Misc. Spald. C. II. 287.
Haiffing bot ane mynd and ane onlye intentioun

3. One and the same. Also as adv. c1420 Wynt. viii. 5332.
For ure of were is not ay ane
a1570-86 Maitl. F. clxx. 166.
Sa to his awin his ayd is allwayis ane
1596 Dalr. I. 4/5.
The Romane writeris … gaue thame al ane name, sa war we all called Albans
1622-6 Bisset II. 305/18.
It wes Peter the apostill and nocht Cæphas of ane name with Peter
c1616 Hume Orthog. 8.
But we sound it [sc. the vowel a] alwayes ane, and therfoer better

4. The (that, thair, his) ane, the one, in contrast to another expressed or implied. Cf. Tane a. 1375 Barb. v. 507.
I herd syndri men oft say … that his ane E ves out
?1438 Alex. ii. 329.
On thair ane hand was ane ryuer
1497 Treas. Acc. I. 329.
To Johne harpar witht the ane hand, … ix s.
c1500-c1512 Dunb. liii. 6.
The ane futt … to the tother wald not gree
1560 Stirling B. Rec. I. 72.
Quhen he seis him on that ane syde of the gait, to … pas to the uthir syde
1591 Acts III. 526/1.
Ilk pece [of money] … havand on the ane syde his hienes portrat … and on the vther syde ane lyoun
1600-1610 Melvill 33.
With … a staff in the an hand, and … his servand halding upe the uther oxtar

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"Ane num., adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2023 <>



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