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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XI).
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Walkin, Wakin, Waikin, v. Also: walkyn, -en, -ine, walcan, walkn-, valkin, -yne, -en, valkn-, ualken, wakyn, -n(e, wakn-, vakn-, waikyn, -en, waikn-, waykn-, vaiken, waukin, wacken, wackn-. [ME and e.m.E. waccn- (Orm), waken (a1225), wacken (Cursor M.), wakne (c1300), wakkin (a1352), OE wæcnan, ON vakna.]

1. a. intr.To wake up from sleep, to awaken.pres. c1420 Wynt. iv 1161 h. of ch. (W).
1456 Hay II 6/36.
The squier began to wakyn of his slepe
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 1297 (Asl.).
Walkyn of thi dreme and but delay the dres
1540 Lynd. Sat. Proclam. 207.
Heir sall the gudman walkin and cry for Bessy
1551 Hamilton Cat. 122.
Quhen thow sleipis, lat thame keip thé, and quhen thow walknys, speik with thame
1562-3 Winȝet I 6/17.
O mercyful God, quhat deidly sleip … hes oppressit ȝow, that … ȝe walkin nocht furth of ȝour dreme?
1600-1610 Melvill 252.
a1651 Calderwood VII 187.
Walkening out of his sleepe about nyne hours at night
p.t. 1375 Barb. vii 212.
He waknyt [C. valknyt] & rais
a1400 Leg. S. xxxix 365.
c1420 Wynt. iv 1167 (C).
The Romanys suddandly Wayknyt qwhar thai slepande lay
1460 Hay Alex. 91.
a1500 Rauf C. 280.
Than walkinnit thay baith and hard he was thair
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 2090.
Out of my swoun I walknit quhair I lay
a1570-86 Dunb. in Maitl. F. 234/139.
The erde did trymmill quhair I lay Quhairthrow I waiknit
1513 Doug. vii Prol. 116 (Sm.).
Wythin my bed I waikynnit
a1578 Pitsc. I 394/1.
The king walknit out of his sleip
1591-2 Rob Stene 23.
c1600 Montg. Suppl. xxi 14.
I dreamit ane dreame [etc.] … 'Mercy, madame,' me thocht I menit to say, Bot quhen I walkennit, alace, sche was away
1605 Crim. Trials II 479.
Quha sleipit a tua dayis altogidder and walknit nocht
p.p. a1400 Leg. S. v 87.
Scho had Vaknyt of slepe
a1400 Leg. S. xvi 282.
Quhene the laydy waknyt vas, The visione scho durste nocht tell
1533 Boece 49b.
Britouns skantlie weill walkynnyt fra slepe
1596 Dalr. I 323/17.
Thay find the king now walknet, quhome thay thocht to haue fund sound sleiping

b. tr.To rouse from sleep or unconsciousness. Also proverb.(a) 1375 Barb. (1571) vi 104 (see (b) below). ?1438 Alex. i 2649.
He recouerit sone … Courage him walknit [F. revint]
c1475 Wall. xi 1002.
Thai bad this cuk, that he suld wache … And walkyn Wallace, com men fra ony art
a1500 K. Hart 381.
The quene is walknit with ane felloun fray
1494 Loutfut MS 22a.
Gif he slepis that the stane suld fall and walkin the lawe
c1500 Fyve Bestes 207.
At the first cok walkinnit sall ye be
1567 Crim. Trials I i 499.
[They] walkynit John Galloway, portar, quham thai gart cum down and opin the ȝet
1568 Hosack Mary Q. of Scots I 538.
The horrible crak … walkynnet the maist part of the inhabitantis
1558-66 Knox II 355.
He could not be walkened before it was ten houres
a1585 Maitl. Q. 105/56.
Gif that neid to slumber me constraine … Vnrest dois walkin me againe
1600 Elgin Rec. II 82.
For the halding the peopill valking the tym of preaching it is appointed that ilk ane valkin another
1614 Melvill lxi.
On his wakning, [he says ‘Goe walken] the laird’
c1650 Spalding I 18.
[He] … walkint him to rys; and as he is walkning him [etc.]
(b) 1375 Barb. vi 103.
He wald nocht wakyn [1571 walkyn] his menȝe
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2352.
Becaus I saw ȝow weill on rest, to wakin ȝow I thocht it not the best
1576 Orkney Oppress. 80.
1616 Spottiswoode Misc. II 288.
John Tenendon … to have his red staff in the kirk on the Sabbath-days, therewith to waken sleepers
(c) 1571 Bann. Memor. 107.
The watche … cryed and waikened [Bann. Trans. 125, wacknet] the place
proverb. a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 514.
It is ill to wakin sleeping dogs

2. transf.a. To rouse, stir up (a person, etc.) (to do something). Also intr.a. a1500 Quare Jel. 12.
He makith euery lusty hert Out of thair sleuth to walkyn
1456 Hay I 166/33.
The men that I led with me to wakyn ȝow to do me resoun
1490 Irland Mir. III 60/1.
Bodely payn walknys the saule to consider the peral it is in
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) lxxxiv 46.
Sum spark of licht and spiritualitie Walkins my witt
1533 Boece 138b.
He dantit the truble of certane brokin men walkynnyt be myscheant goverment of Dardan
1562 Knox Ressoning 187.
It hath the strength to move and walken … the reprobate
1567 G. Ball. 141.
Thir tyrannis waiknis me with wa
1570 Misc. Bann. C. I 49*.
This will walkin [Misc. Bann. C. I 42, waikin, Bann. Memor. 8, waukin] vtheris to pance meir deiplie upoun the mater
1571 Ferg. Serm. iii Malachi Sig. B i b.
The prophet first trauellis to walkin vp thir pepill from this wickit perswasioun
a1585 Arbuthnot in Maitl. Q. 130/124.
To walkin thame in thair vocatioun
1573-1600 Burne Disput. in Cath. Tr. 138/11.
The tempillis … aucht to be decored vith greit magnificence … to excitate and valkin our dull nature
1589 Lett. Jas. VI to Bruce 280.
1600-1610 Melvill 609.
Quhen they haiff weyit this matter … [they] wilbe waiknit and moveit to remember thair oathe
1605-6 Welsh Forty-eight Serm. 328.
The soul that is filled with consolation hath no need of it [sc. the promise of God's mercy], and the soul that is … not wakened, cannot apply it
1627 Aberd. Council Lett. I 264.
For wakning and advertesing these pairtis of the cuntrie which ar remot from the cost
c1650 Spalding II 157.
Now his majestie beginnis to walkin, and is fast drawing to ane heid [marg. his maiesty fallis to wark]
intr. a1500 Quare Jel. 12.
The sonne … makith euery lusty hert Out of thair sleuth to walkyn and astert
a1570-86 Maitl. F. 209/74.
Than sall grace grow on thy ground And welth vp walking
1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. Pray. 1.
I mot walkin, & lift my eies to ȝow
1611 Calderwood VII 149.
When it [sc. the conscience] sall walken

b. tr.To cause to come into being, arouse, stir or raise up (a state of mind or affairs). a1500 Lanc. 8.
[Phoebus] his goldine stremis sent … One euery thing to valkyne thar curage
c1475 Wall. vii 185.
He [sc. Saturn] waknys wer
1490 Irland Mir. III 64/18.
Ardent cherite walknyt and helpit be … payn … clengis the saule
1533 Boece 187b.
He dantit nychtboure feid, gif ony was walkynnyt
1549 Lamb Resonyng 53/21.
Quhy sould he now, … walkin besines a contra his vncle
1558-66 Knox II 327.
So shall that purpose evanise and dye by the self, onles that ye waiken it
1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. 275.
The more pithie the objects be, the more our faith is wakened and confirmed
1596 Dalr. II 460/25.
Suld … agane be the raiser of a newe bleise, and wakne vp a new flame
1610 Reg. Privy C. IX 59.
For that caus sould haif walkynnit and steirit up in him some sense … of his errouris
1620 15th Rep. Hist. MSS App. ix 41.
A … desyre to walkine and renew the auld troubles
a1651 Calderwood VII 197.
Unwilling was he … to suffer anie … to walken his conscience
1687 Conv. Burghs IV 72.
That shall happen to be present when any … such project shall be walkned to assist … in the said matter

3. To revive (a legal process) after a period during which it has not been pursued. Also absol. and intr. Also const. up. 1558–9 Admir. Ct. Bk. (St. S.) 83.
That the caus hes slepit sensyn, quhairfor the protestatioun … is nul and na ferthir proces can be had … quhill the caus be walknit
1560 Misc. Maitl. C. III 234.
The cause … suscitate and newlie walkynnet
1564 Perth B. Ct. 53 (10 April).
Ordanis the actioun … Tobe walknit and procedit quhair it left this day aucht dayis conforme to the desire of the last terme
1569 Reg. Privy C. II 11.
All heirschippis crymes slauchteris … dischargeit and tane away be this present compromit salbe agane walkynnit and restorit
c1575 Balfour Pract. 408.
Gif baith the principal cause and actioun of warrandice at ony time sleipit, or was continuit, and baith the saidis parties wer not lauchfullie warnit to heir the matter walknit, and ressave farder proces [etc.]
1581 Acts III 230/2.
Neuir … to persew and walkin the samyn in tyme cuming
1585 Lett. Jas. VI to Eliz. 25.
That all those matters that war in dealing before, … may of-new be walkened up and perfyted
1590–1 Burntisland B. Ct. 5 March.
1598 Edinb. B. Rec. V 230.
That the difference betuix the toun and the Cannogaitt be walknet and prosequutt be law
1599 Conv. Burghs II 47.
The … brugh to walkin the saidis suspensiouns and follow furth the samyn
1618 Trial Isobel Inch 3.
The forsaid proces and acton of slander … was of new wacknit
1625 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 9 Nov.
1626 Ellon Par. 71.
1629 Dundonald Par. Rec. 291.
1660 Rothesay B. Rec. 55.
1666 Glasgow Chart. II 118.
To have heard and seine the samen walkened, called, and discussed
1681 Stair Inst. ii ix § 43.
The process being once intended, it continues … except such as are not wakened every five years
absol. 1558–9 Admir. Ct. Bk. (St. S.) 83.
The quhilk day in the terme walknit literatorie to Martyn Vanholfin to heir sentence gevin in the actioun and caus persewit aganis him
1570 Canongate Ct. Bk. 278.
The quhilk day in the terme walknit literatorie to proceid quhair it left in the actioun and caus persewit be Robert Lawsone
1589 Burntisland B. Ct. 20 June.
In the actione … persewit be Henry Orrok … anent the terme walcanit to heir the mater begine quhair it left … compeirit the persewar
intr. 1576 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I 247.
[The defender is summoned to hear and see the action] walkin and begyn quhair it left
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Dissolution.
Ȝit after the ende thereof, the annexation dois quicken, revieue, and walken as it were, out of sleep

b. tr., transf.To raise (a question or matter) more generally. 1586 Cal. Sc. P. VIII 564.
[It lying as a thing unperceived and dead these nine or ten years past. Has divers times] walkened [the same to her Council in France]
a1646 Wedderburn Voc. (1709) 30.
Affer quæstionem, waken a question
1650 Stirling Ant. IV 154.
She never complained to the session of sclander … till the session begud to waken it themselves

4. To watch, guard. a1500 Rauf C. 275.
Wachis and wardroparis all war away, That war wont for to walkin mony worthy
1535 Stewart 42860.
This ilk Angus in Quhiterne than tuke girth, Quhair he wes walknit all tyme round about, That be no way that tyme he mycht wyn out

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"Walkin v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 8 Jun 2023 <>



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