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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Awin, Awne, adj. Also: awyn(e, awune, auwyn, auvyn, auyn(e; awine, awinn, avin(e, auin(e; awing(e, awyng, avyng; awen, awane (awand), auen, auan; awn, avn(e, aun(e; an(e; hawin, hawne. [Northern ME. awyn, awen (auwen), awne, aun, etc. (= midland and southern owen, etc.), early ME. aȝhen, ahen, OE. áᵹen (ONhb. also áᵹan).] Own.The usual mod. form ain (app. from ON. eiginn) is unrecorded in the older language; the rare examples of an, ane, may be scribal inaccuracies. In Kennedy's Pass. Christ 1097, however, awne rhymes with pane, slane (= pain, slain), and in A. Gardyne's Garden (1609) 27 with fain, demain, and graine.

1. After a possessive pronoun or noun. Sometimes strengthened by proper.(a) 1375 Barb. i. 534 (in his awyne hous); ii. 121 (off thine awyne heid). 1388 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 294 (to thair awyn behofe). 1400 Maxwell Mem. I. 139 (of my auwyn seale). 1422 Stirlings of Keir 208 (of oure awyn propyr gudis). c1420 Wynt. ii. 1020 (hyr awyne sone scho slw); iv. 1066 (in till his awyn land); vii. 29 (the Kyngys awyne persowne). 1461 Liber Plusc. 383 (thin auvyn creacioun). 1477 Stirlings of Keir 250 (with my awyne hande). 1494 Reg. Episc. Morav. 219 (with his auyn baleis). 1513 Rep. Hist. MSS., Var. Coll. V. 87 (in his awune house). 1513 Doug. i. vi. 157 (efter thar awyn gys); x. xi. 1 (of his awyn fre volunte). 1563-1570 Buch. Wks. 9 (with his awyn hand); 59 (for his awyne sake).(b) 1389 Liber Melros 449 (wollys of thair awin growing). 1391 Lennox Mun. 44 (at his awin costage). 1456 Hay I. 139/27 (on his awin cost); 253/13 (the kingis awin sister). 1471 Acta Aud. 20/2 (on his awin expens). 1492 Dunferm. B. Rec. 38 (of hir avin fre vil). 1505 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 75 (be his avin toung grant). 1513 Doug. i. x. 4 (hir awin son Cupido). 1519 Dunferm. B. Rec. 294 (of his awine fre will). 1550 Reg. Cupar A. II. 87 (in his awin hand). 1552 Ib. 108 (for thair awin pairt). c 1560 Stirlings of Keir 415 (of his avin sirname). a1605 Montg. Misc. P. vii. 15 (thy auin estait). 1596 Dalr. II. 421/8 (his awine ordour and religionn). c 1639 Black Bk. Taymouth 439 (of my auin planting). 1643 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 11 (within his awin house).(c) 1473 Reg. Cupar A. I. 177 (siftyng of thar avyng seyd). 1544 Ib. II. 32 (with thair awing handis). 1550 Ib. 73 (to his awing pairt). 1560 Carte Northberwic 78 (for thair awing partes). 1566 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 220 (be our awyng mouth).(d) a1400 Leg. S. xxix. 463 (thar awen barnis). 1418 Liber Melros 503 (at thair awen lykyng). 1480 Douglas Chart. 114 (vytht my auan hand). 1549 Compl. 9/28 (anent his auen byssynes). a1570-86 Maitland M. Fol. clxxv. 12 (one ȝour awen cost). 1603 Wemyss Corr. 58 (our awen desyres). 1604 Urie Baron Ct. 6 (uith thair awane bounddis). 1657 Balfour Ann. I. 91 (hes auen countrey).(e) 1387 Edinb. Chart. 36 (to mak thayr awne werk with). a1400 Leg. S. iii. 636 (myn awne passione); 1147 (his awn brothir). 14.. Acts I. 31/2 (in his awne house). c1420 Wynt. ii. 116 (hyr awne swne); 1048 (tyll hys awn lust). 1456 Peebles B. Rec. 116 (by hys awn lefyng). 1472 Lennox Mun. 85 (witht my awn hand). 1509 Reg. Privy S. I. 293/2 (with thair awne propir gudis). 1533 Gau 4/31 (of his awne guidnes). 1557 Peebles B. Rec. 243 (thair awne propir pleuchis). 1596 Dalr. II. 462/15 (Christes awne day). 1632 Red Bk. Menteith I. 357 (your Lordship's awn deed).(f) 14.. Acts I. 30/2 (on thair aune propir dyspence). 1466 Acta Aud. 4/1 (na forther than hir avn terce). 1482 Lennox Mun. 122 (be his avne request). c1500-c1512 Dunb. vi. 98 (nane bot our avne gyng). 1515–6 Reg. Privy S. I. 421/2 (to his aune use). 1530 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 29 (of hir avne fre will). 1541 Reg. Privy S. II. 654/2 (Thomas imaginat his aune deid). 1640 Haddington Mem. II. 178 (mak your aun us of it). 1665 Montgomery Mem. 328 (marying beloe hir aune qualitie).(g)  a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi. 336.
His hawne bruthir

b. With the: Proper, natural, self.1531 Bell. Boece II. 331 (with heid like the awin nature). 1535 Stewart 3309 (to lufe all thing ay efter the awin vaill). 1562-3 Winȝet II. 7/6 (to sett wp in the awn synceritie our trew religioun). 1584 Acts III. 293/1 (that the honour sall stand in the awin integritie). 1596 Dalr. I. 23/8 (of quhilke we will speik in the awne place). 1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. Ep. 6 (to restore the same to the awin ancient freidome).

2. With ellipse of noun occurring in previous context.1375 Barb. iii. 752 (at thar possessioune suld be thar awyn). 1397 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 167 (to manteyn her landys as he doys his awyn propyr). 1420 Reg. Great S. 30/1 (the medowys to be the lordis awin). 1457 Peebles B. Rec. 122 (the land sal be his an). c1475 Wall. ix. 1195 (the gud thai tuk, as it had beyn thair awyn). a1500 Henr. Fab. 228 (baith meit and drink salbe ȝour awin). 1506 Treas. Acc. III. 64 (the frenȝeis wer the kingis auin). 1515 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 34.
Bot the said Nycoll occupyit this pot as his hawin and haldyn be the nichtburis as sa
1547 Prot. Bk. W. Corbet 8 (the corne sal be thair auwyn). a1568 Scott viii. 16 (the hairt quhilk is ȝour hairtis awin). 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I. 191 (scho haid thrie flokis milk and hir avine). 1603 Montgomery Mem. 248 (the emoratis my auen). 1604-31 Craig v. 21 (his paine went as neare mine heart, as ever did mine awne).

b. In the phrase of myn, his, etc., awin.1387 Edinb. Chart. 36 (thai hade nane [sc. seal] of thair awyne). 14.. Acts I. 32/2 (gif that he hafe gudis of his awin). 1457 Peebles B. Rec. 118 (qwil the said Wyl get a land of his an). 1469 Ayr Friars Pr. 52 (becaus Alane had na seill propyr of his awyn). c1475 Wall. i. 239 (a roussat gonn of hir awn). 1530 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 27 (bot gif he haif ane hors of his aune). 1555–6 Ib. 326 (to the boitmen for ane cord of thair awing). 1578 Reg. Morton I. 117 (send them with a servand of ȝour awin). 1592 St. A. Kirk S. 730 (ane ant of hir awin).

3. One's own part, property, etc. Also with the.(1) c1420 Wynt. viii. 4556 (he lete that all hys awyne suld be). 1456 Wemyss Chart. 76 (swa at ilkan may haf thar awyne). c1420 Ratis R. 340 (tak to the thin awinge); 1379 (quhar thow suld lord be of thin awin). 1516 Misc. Spald. C. V. 396 (to haif justice and rycht of his awin). 1567 Sat. P. vii. 21 (guyding his awin as him had lykit best). 1589 Maxwell Mem. II. 164 (I am compellit to seik the law for my avine).(2) c1450-2 Howlat 980 (quhen ilk thing hes the awne). 1533 Gau 58/23 (cheraté, the quhilk sekis noth the aune). 1562-3 Winȝet II. 60/24 (it tynis nocht the awin).

4. One's own people.a1400 Leg. S. xviii. 114 (few come thare bot thayire awne). c1420 Wynt. v. 2273 (quhy suld we slay oure awyne?); vii. 1762 (to thare awyne swne past thai). c1520-c1535 Nisbet I. 13 (for all thame that ar his awinn). a1570-86 Arbuthnot Maitl. F. xxx. 119 (quhilk our gude lord prepairis for his awin). Ib. clxx. 166 (to his awin his ayd is all wayis ane).

b. One's devoted friend or servant.1602 Colquhoun Chart. 189 (ȝour ma. awen for ewer). 1611-57 Mure Misc. P. xi. 16 (she doth against hir awne conspyre). 1622 Haddington Corr. 140 (I sall remane your lordships auine).

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"Awin adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 May 2024 <>



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