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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1971 (DOST Vol. IV).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Na, conj.2 Also: nay. [North. (13–14th c.) and early ME. na, midl. and south. (13–14th c.) no No conj.1, OE , spec. use of Na adv.2 and conj 1 After the 14th c. chiefly or only Sc. and obsolescent in the 16th c.] Nor, in various collocations and uses.For further examples, see Nather, Nother, Nowther, etc., Na a. 1b and 3, Never, Nocht, etc.(1) 1375 Barb. ix. 454 (E).
He levyt nocht … Towr standand na stane na wall
Ib. i. 318, 377, etc. a1400 Leg. S. ii. 200, 873, etc. 1398 Acts I. 211/1.
That he sal nocht lette his office na the execucion of it
1405 Maxwell Mem. I. 146.
The said … maling sal nocht … byn the saidis Schir Willame na Schir Robart na thair wyffis na til thair ayris in hurting
?1438 Alex. i. 1468, etc. c1420 Ratis R. 103, 583, 1171, etc. 1407 Chart. (Reg. H.) C.O. No. 32.
Nowcht throw strenthe na drede led
c1420 Wynt. v. 2250.
Men mycht newyre, for play na bowryd … Ger hym … lauch
Ib. vii. 609, 2178, 2978, viii. 638, etc. 14.. Acts I. 28/2, 34/2, etc. 1429 Ib. ii. 18/1. 1443–4 Cart. S. Giles 70.
That we … sal noght wedset giff sel na analy … the said land
c1460 Consail Vys Man 339.
Rus nocht thi self, na loif, na lak, Na want, na wanglore to thé tak
1453 Reg. Dunferm. 341.
Neuer to be herd in jugement na vtouth
1453 Stirlings of Keir 226.
I … sal neuer … breke, reuoke, na agayn call this forsaid letter
1456 Hay I. 28/25, etc. 1456 Liber Aberbr. II. 89. 1463 Wemyss Chart. 83.
Na remeid off law, ciuil na canone
1476 Acta Aud. 55/1. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 267. c1475 Wall. i. 105. 1485 Breadalbane Doc. No. 22.
And that I … sal neuer … interrup … na inquiet be ony maner of law na vther wais the said Duncane
a1500 Seven S. 927. c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 67/16. Id. Mir. 70/35. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 299.
We na fallowis wer … In fredome na furth bering, na fairnes of persoune
Id. lxxix. 8. 1513 Doug. x. xii. 128.
Thou sal nocht victour be … Na for all thy prowd wordis … Thow sall nocht lang endur into sik ioy
1533 Gau 4/7, 8/1. 1535 Stewart 33498. 1375 Barb. i. 106.
Durst nane of Walis in bataill ride Na yhet fra ewyn fell abyd
14.. Acts I. 69/2.
That na bischop [etc.] … borow ony man … na ȝit ask to borgh the quhilk hes beyn blamyt [etc.]
1456 Hay I. 300/11.
To geve … giftis our mesure … is nocht larges na ȝit liberalitee … na callit vertu
(b) 1533 Gau 103/17.
The quhilk wesz notht giffine to ony oder virgine nay voman
Ib. 105/2. Ib. 109/17.
That thay suld noth se nay heir
(2) 1375 Barb. i. 230.
A noble hart may haiff nane es, Na ellys nocht that may him ples Gyff fredome failyhe
Ib. 320.
For he had na thing to dispend Na thar wes nane that [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. i. 6.
This Petir fra Jhesu Vald neuir bow for aduersite, Na for na porele that mycht be
Ib. v. 217, xxxv. 147. 1390 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 19. 1400 Maxwell Mem. I. 140.
At the forsayd Schyr Jon … for na greyf, malyse … na for na cause … sal mak alienacioun … of na land … na of na thyng at langis to the forsayd Schyr Jon the sone
1407 Charter (Reg. H.) C.O. No. 32.
Swa that nothire I myn ayres … na nane vthir in oure name sall ask na haff rycht clayme possessioun na na properte of rycht … in or to the forsaid landys
1409 Exch. R. IV. ccxi. c1420 Ratis R. 1145. c1420 Wynt. iii. 874, vi. 93, etc. 14.. Acts I. 23/2. 1444 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 10. 1448 Reg. Episc. Brechin. I. 114. 1451 11th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. vi. 26.
I the forsaid Jhon … sal nothir sel … na analy na na condecion mak of nan of thir landis vndyr wertyn
1456 Hay I. 26/20, 128/28, etc. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 1250, 2642. c1460 Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 291. c1460 Consail Vys Man 98, 170, etc. 1460 Swintons xliii.
The quhilk inquisicioun na nane uther justice na law, I can get nane done to me of my said landis
1469 Acts II. 95/1. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 405. a1500 K. Hart 12. 1490 Irland Mir. I. 95/5. a1500 Seven S. 2443. 1513 Doug. i. Prol. 273. 1533 Gau 20/14, etc. 1535 Stewart 26773.
Sayand schir Loth nor nane of his ofspring … sould be thair … king Na nane vther
1598 Melvill Spirituall Propine 12.
Neither knaw wee what thy glory requires … na not our awin neids
(3) a1400 Leg. S. xli. 127.
Bot his thret na his gluthryng Scho set bath in til alyne
?1438 Alex. ii. 4982.
Certis qu hill I leif We sal be freindis na him forgeif That … hes my bruthir slane
c1420 Ratis R. (S.T.S.) 174/9.
Lak na lofe to largely
1416 Liber Melros 539.
The said party na nane othir man makand thaim impedyment … na molestacione
1456 Hay I. 231/28.
Gif ȝe fynd that ever I helpit the King of Ingland be my persone na of my gudis
Ib. 237/29.
Bot to pytt the men of kirk, na prisoun thame, na othir wayis to punys thair persouns war bot crueltee and na were resounable
Ib. 219/27, II. 32/11.(4) a1400 Leg. S. xxi. 97.
Scho goulyt & grat … Na confort wald scho nane tak
Ib. xxxiii. 777.
For I on God has set my thocht Na gyfis nocht of thé a leke
Ib. xxv. 391, xxxiii. ii. ?1438 Alex. ii. Prol. 15.
For ane … That I haue luffit, all lyke hir nocht, Na neuer gat thing of my will
c1420 Wynt. vii. 721.
That the Kyng Na na lawyd patroune be staff na ryng Suld mak fra thine collatyowne
14.. Burgh Laws c. 35 (B).
Bludwytis merchete na nane vthir syk aucht nocht to be herd
1426 Cal. Charters Suppl. 16 Jan.
Swa that I myne ayeris na myne assignais na nane vthir in our name … sal mak clame na chalang … in na to the said landis
1466 Acta Aud. 5/2; 1483 Acta Conc. II. cxvii; etc.
That quhat that beis decretit … turne him na his aieris to na preiudice
1472 Lennox Mun. 87; 1485 Breadalbane Coll. No. 22.
That I na thai … sall neuer in na tym to cum [etc.]
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 453.
The firmament na firth was newir cler

b. And … (not).Also, ? and … na.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 16.
That it lest ay furth in memory, … na ger it haly be forȝet
a1400 Leg. S. vi. 273.
[He] that … has … schawyt me … Quhare he the fare palace has mad. … Na is nocht vndir the ayre he Palace tendparte so fare to se
Ib. xxxvii. 237. ?1438 Alex. i. 813.
Na that my steid sall nocht be Sa greatly soiornit vnder me
c1420 Wynt. vi. 1506.
Off gud conscyens All that wes done … Na nakyn blame suld fall thare-to
Ib. viii. 2284.
Na it had noucht fallyn then, Had noucht falshed [etc.]
(2) 1559 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 38.
The samyn wes be the Quenys grace writing … and na could nocht justlie be imput to him any falt [etc.]

c. Na … na, not (cf. Na adv.2 1) … nor, neither … nor. 14.. Burgh Laws c. 66 (A).
Thai na may na sall nocht leid witnes again thaim

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"Na conj.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 2 Dec 2022 <>



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