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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. X).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

The, def. art. Also: thee, thei, thie, tha, thy, th, ȝhe, yhe. [ME and e.m.E. general uninflected form þe (Orm), ðe (c1250), þi, the, thee (all Cursor M.), þey (1436), reduced forms þ' (Orm), th' (1414-15), OE se, séo, þæt, late OE þe, þéo, þæt. For history of inflected forms see OED The.]

I. With specific reference.With a noun which has previously been mentioned or about which the listener or reader has some knowledge or which is to be particularised in some way.The form yhe is a variant of ye, originally þe, which is normalised in DOST to the, thus obscuring the connection. In consonant position the letters ȝ and y are commonly in free variation so ȝhe is simply a spelling variant of yhe.

1. With a material or non-material noun in general use.(a) 1312 Facs. Nat. MSS II xix.
Saluo in omnibus dicto domino Abbati dominio [glossed the lauerdscape]
1375 Barb. i 78.
Lat him ryng that had the rycht
c1379 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 1.
The tenovr of the ald charterys
1391 Lennox Mun. 43.
The forsaid Erle of Fife
1456 Hay II 138/32.
The gude water is in gude place tane … quhite and clere, wele gustit and lycht
a1500 Henr. Orph. 95.
Erudices … walkit furth … To tak the dewe and se the flouris spring
a1500 Seven S. 405 heading.
Bantillas taile of the serpent that wald haf slane the barne
1513 Doug. ix Prol. 7.
Honeste is the way to worthynes
1533 Bell. Livy I 48/13.
He dedicate xij preistis namyt Salis to the honoure of Mars Gradiuus
1567 G. Ball. 5.
[He] tuke the breid, brak it, [&] gaif thankis and said [etc.]
1579 Atholl Mun. I No. 90.
Dauid Rettray … declaris … that ane spvne put in the humour changeit the cullour in the cullour of bras, and that the spvne wes nocht weshin to his knawlege
1604 Aberd. Council Lett. I 96.
The heidis and articulis following
1649 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 447.
To 2 horse for carrying clay to the well … at 1 lib. 4 s. ilk horse per diem
1694 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 315.
The counsell appoints that in all tym comyng noe servant lass goe in to the pews of either churches
(b) a1500 Peblis to Play 222.
Thy pyper said now I begin To tyre for playing to
(c) 1562-3 Winȝet I 6/28.
In hope of reformatioun in all the [orig. ed. thee] partis of Godis Kirk
(d) 1597–8 Warrender P. (SHS) II 353.
Ye sall present thei broune naig vith this letter derect to his majestie
(e) 1402 Alnwick Castle Deed.
I haf drawyn ȝe forsayd abbott in ȝis sowm forsayd for the burowgan of my brothyr … in yhe forsayd fowrm [etc.]
(f) 1657 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 234, 235.
Thie Provincial Assemblie laying to ther … consideration thie sadd … effectes which thie divisiones … of this church [etc.]

2. In proper names: a. In place-names. b. In personal names, in some instances appar. translating F. de, otherwise used to indicate the status of an important individual. Also used without a preceding Christian name passing into use with a surname. c. With a title or rank. See the entries for titles, e.g. Duke n.1, Erl(e n., etc. for further examples. d. With the name of a ship.a. 1327–8 Reg. Dunferm. 253.
Capellam Sancte Katherine cum orto domibus infra ponten testudinem nostri azili monasterii vulgariter vocat the gyrtht bow
c1379 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 1 (see b (1) below). c1420 Wynt. ix 2619.
He gert be rowyt to the Bas; Thare his schip he bidand was
1477 Edinb. Chart. 140.
Fra the Frere Wynd to the Netherbow
c1475 Wall. ix 1607.
To the Sawcher Dykson allayn he send
1513 Doug. xi xiii 115.
Into the Mont Appenynus dwelt he
1679 Wodrow Hist. III (1829) 5.
The Council discern him to haue lost the benefit of his indulgence at the Largs
1689 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII 565.
Ther was ane ingadgment … within two myles of the Blair of Atholl
b. (1) 1375 Barb. i 168.
Schyr Jhon the Balleoll
1375 Barb. ii 211.
Philip the Mowbray
c1379 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 1.
Sir Willum the Lyndesay lard of the Byris
1380 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 3.
Hwchwn the Berclay lord of Kyppow
1395 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 4.
Jon the Menȝeris lord of Vogri
?1438 Alex. ii 10003.
Godefray the Bullony [F. Godefroi de Buillon] … Wincust the michty Salamant
1402 Dundee Chart. No. 22.
William the Grahame, lorde of Kyncardin
c1420 Wynt. viii 1684 (W).
Robert the Brus
1450 Liber Aberbr. II 77.
Schir Patrik lorde the Glammes
1466 Acts II 86/1.
The act maid … be king Robert the Brois
c1475 Wall. vi 170.
Schyr Jhone the Grayme
1519–20 Stirling B. Rec. I 2.
Robert the Brus … was interit to the fredoum of burgesry and gild
(2) 1375 Barb. i 49.
Sum wald haiff the Balleoll king
1375 Barb. i 594.
The lord the Bruce
c1450-2 Howlat 555 (B).
Throw the Murrayis mycht And so throw Goddis foirsycht The Dowglas succedis
c1475 Wall. ii 23.
The Persye was in the castell of Ayr
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 20/146.
I have nocht thi precius feit to kis As had the Magdalyn
1561 Inverness Sheriff Ct. II 15 April.
[Sederunt] the Dollace of Cantray
1562 Inverness Sheriff Ct. 7 April.
The jugis hes consignit hir to produce the samyn and to wairne the Dollace upon ane xv dayis warning
c. 1398–9 Acts I 210/2.
With the consail of wyse men & lele … in the firste the Duc of Albany
?1438 Alex. ii 1547.
The King Clarus is wyse in were
1408 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 221.
We consent nocht to bynde na sic cause to nane enquest to be ressaivit befor the Duc
1412 Aberd. B. Rec. I 389.
That nane haff lord … othir na the king, the duke, and the Erll of Marr
1427 Highland P. II 153.
The lorde Kambal
a1500 Rauf C. 934.
I rek nocht of thy riches, Schir Rolland the knicht
1478 Acts II 122/2.
The gret brek that is now … betuix the erle of Buchane & the erle of Eroule
1494 Treas. Acc. I 235.
The lord of the Ilis
1502–3 Treas. Acc. II 362.
The Quene of Inglandis dirigee
1558-66 Knox II 330.
The Duke his Grace should render to the Quene the castell of Dumbartane
c1612 Skene Memorabilia 16.
The Prince of Scotland Henricus Fridericus is titillit Duk of Rothesay … and Steward of Scotland
1663 Wemyss Corr. 110.
The right honorabll the Earell of Weims
1684 Fountainhall Decis. I 299.
The Lord Neill Campbell, Argyle's brother, is confined
d. 1502 Treas. Acc. II 146.
The werkmen of the Egill and the Towaich
1537 Treas. Acc. VI 463.
Gevin that day the Salamanderis mast wes sett up, in drinksilver ij frs. v s.
1554 Treas. Acc. X 233.
The compt of the schip fraucht and furnessing thairof, callit the Lioune, in hir voyage to Strathtnaver

3. With a period of time: a. The morn, = tomorrow, see Morn(e n. 6 for examples. b. The day, = today. c. The nicht, = tonight, see Nicht n. 3 c and Morn(e n. 7 b for examples. d. The yeir, = this year. e. Used to particularise a (time of) day or year. See relevant nouns such as Evin n.1, Forenoone n., Martinmes n. 1 (2), etc. for further examples. Also before cardinal numerals denoting years.b. a1500 Rauf C. 646.
Quhair is Wymond the day?
a1500 Henr. Praise of Age 28 (Makc.).
The day a kyng, the morne na thing to spend
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 427.
He hes not gotten the first seat of the midding the day
1602 Misc. Spald. C. II 287.
Or the day thrie yeir at farrest, thaye will blisse our bainis
1638 Henderson Serm. 84.
Ye heard, the day, of the shining of God's face
1650 Brechin Presb. 45.
He said mirrilie, the goodwyff is holding a jubilie thie day
1682 Peden Lords Trumpet (1682) 4.
If our king and nobles had our lord Jesus Christ among them at Edinburgh the day, what would they do with him?
1692 Presb. Eloq. (1693) 85.
Many had religion the day, but would have none the morn
d. 1605 Dundonald Par. Rec. 75.
He confessit that the minister of Air and Irvein and he haid the vyt of all the ill weddir the yeir
1655 Hibbert P. No. 16.
Ther is werre evill fisching in this cuntry the ȝeir
1666-74 Fraser Polichron. 493.
Heareing the … thunder … the atheisticall fellow cryed, crack on and drown the corn the year as yow did fornyear
a1689 Cleland 18.
They say it's alamode the year For noblemen the horns to wear
e. (1) 1385 3rd Rep. Hist. MSS 410/1.
I, … somonde … Sir Thomas the Hay, … and Dem Jonat, his spouse, [etc.] … the Wedynessday, the xvi day of the moneth of Nouember that thai apere lauchfolly … to schaw how … thai halde or clemys to hald the landys [etc.]
1402 Alnwick Castle Deed.
The yher of ovris lor[d] M CCCC &. ii
1405 Maxwell Mem. I 145.
The yheire of grace athousand four hundrez and the fyfft
c1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
At Eddynburghe … the xxvi day of Julij
1436 15th Rep. Hist. MSS App. viii 45.
Thretty pund … at the Martynmes next thar eftyr folowand and fowrti mark at the Qwissonday
a1500 Seven S. 491.
Sa gret he for his gud grewhound And bannit the tyme that he drew swerd
1513 Doug. ii ii 1.
Lo, the ilk tyme, harland onto the kyng Troiane hyrdis … dyd bryng A ȝong man
1533 Bell. Livy I 205/29.
Thai obeyit weill eftir to thare capitanis the tyme of batall
1561 Treas. Acc. XI 95.
His pensioun for the Martinmes 1559 and the Witsounday terme 1560
1558-66 Knox I 93.
This was done the Mononday at the Mercat Croce of Edinburgh. But the Mononday following, [etc.]
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 5.
At the Mertymes in the said ȝeir
1674 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 289.
The councell considering that in the winter tyme severall … people did comonlie vse to break boothes and chopes in the night tyme … ordaines ane nightlie watch
1681 Lanark B. Rec. 205.
A companie of leud … persons did the last night make ane infall upon this burgh [etc.]
(b) 1557 Inverness Rec. I 8.
Quhilk ac wes mad tha xx day of Januar
(c) c1390 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 19.
Be ȝhe forsaide tyme
(2) 1622 Scot Course of Conformity 4.
The unnaturall and treacherous attempt of the 93
1646 R. Baillie Historical Vindication of the Government of the Church of Scotland 30.
The '88 [sc. the Armada year]

4. With a noun or noun phrase indicating the (body of) person(s), event, etc. with which one is primarily concerned or with which one is (most) familiar in the context. 1375 Barb. i 41.
Qwhen Alexander the king wes deid … The land … Lay desolat … Till that the barnage at the last Assemblyt thaim and fayndyt fast To cheys a king
1375 Barb. iv 12.
Nother of the kyrk na seculer
1466 Acta Aud. 5/2.
Walter Ogilby gert summond Schir James Stewart … til a certane day in the parlment
c1475 Wall. i 64.
He chargit thaim … till hald of hym the croun
a1500 Bk. Chess 491.
A ȝoung Roman child Papirius Come with his fader quhar the counsall sat Of Rome
1497 Treas. Acc. I 341.
The tithingis … of the batel of Duns
1524 Reg. Privy S. I 497/2.
For his gud … service to be done to the king
1600 Aberd. B. Rec. II 210.
To compeir within the tolbuith this day
1647 Aberd. Council Lett. III 85.
Eftir the fecht of Aberdein interteiniet ane great number of hurt and leam sojoris
1650 Cramond Ch. Aberdour 21.
The session being met therein
1657 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 234 (see 1 (f) above).
Thie Provinciall Council

5. With an adjective in ellipt. or absol. use. a. Chiefly, in the superlative. Also the ane (of two or more), and the better to mend the worse, used in calculating an average price for goods using the values of the most and least valuable to produce a figure. b. In a proper name, chiefly where the adjective has become or is used as part of the epithet. Similarly, with numerals following the names of kings, etc. c. The awin …, see Awin adj. 1 b for examples. d. The alane, see Allane adj. 2 c.a. (1) 1375 Barb. i 79.
This ordynance thaim thocht the best
a1500 Rauf C. 478.
He was the ryallest of array
1570 Sat. P. xiv 13.
The [pr. Ȝe] hardest, (bot wo am I forde!) To him has felt of deith the schouris, And only for thy cause, O Lord
1585 James VI Ess. 73.
I … could not sleip … Furth for to walk … Athort the feilds, it semed to me the best
1658 R. Moray Lett. 247.
I would have you green for patty loose of my making for I am the best at it that ever did it
(2) c1590 Fowler II 19/26.
Despysing the ane, & contemning the vthair
c1616 Hume Orthog. 10.
Of e, we have tuae soundes … Here I am indifferent, and onelie wishes that the ane [symbol] be used
b. (1) a1400 Leg. S. Prol. 156.
Thomas and Mathow, James the les and Tadee
a1400 Leg. S. vii 134.
Thai wrekyt thar wodnes In this Jamis, callit the les
1460 Hay Alex. 4408.
Sa pure a man as Alexander the ȝing
1513 Doug. v vi 21.
Nobyl Dyores the gude
1513 Doug. x i 39.
The fresch goldyn Venus
(2) 1456 Hay I 75/12.
Pape Urbane the fyft
1535 Stewart 42100.
Henrie the fourt
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2976 (Ch.).
King James the first roy of this regioun
c1590 Fowler II 158/36.
Pape Jule the 2
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. ii 53b.
Quhilk [schisme] was betwix paip Vrban the 6 and Clement the 6
(3) c1634 Sc. Ant. VI 60.
Omittit out off the said testament … being sex horses by the airship horses to witt ane sore pacit geiden, ane gray gelden, ane whyte meare, twa blak neagis and ane pokmantie naige, thoght to be worthe the better to mend the worse ane hundreth pounds a peece … £600
c1634 Sc. Ant. VI 60.
Omittit out off the said testament the ewes, lambes, [etc.] … which … will appeare be the boltane book 1634 to be nyne scoire and fyve in number att fourtie shillings a peece the better to mend the worse … £370

6. With a relative pronoun, see Quhilk adj. and pron. IV, esp. sense 6, and Quhich(e adj. and pron. for examples.

7. With a noun denoting a part of the body. Also transf. of a thing. a1400 Leg. S. vi 39.
Vith that oure lord … Be-thacht hym Thomas be the hand
a1400 Leg. S. xlvi 263.
He ȝald the gast but abad, As his mawmentis hym tal[d] had
?1438 Alex. ii 1941.
Ydeus, That hes the visage cleir and fare
c1420 Wynt. v 5630 (W).
That ymage Fra thame or Romule turnyt the [R. hys] visage
1429–30 Acts II 18/2.
That na ȝeman nor comoun to landwartis wer hewyt clathes siddar na the kne
1513 Doug. xii ii 33.
The natural hete the blude did chase Ouer al the partis of hir quhitlie face
1656 Hutton Session Bk. in Berw. Nat. C. VII 222.
Given to a man wanting the leg—4 s.
transf. 1564 Prot. Bk. Thomas Johnsoun 138.
Ane beir barrell wantand the heid

b. The self, = itself. See Self n. C 2 for examples.

8. With a noun denoting an action or pastime (or the right to it) or a branch of learning. 1398 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 5.
The sellyng of the forsayde land
1424 Acts II 5/2.
It is statut … that na man play at the fut ball vnder the payne of iiij d.
1457–8 Acts II 48/2.
At the fut ball ande the golf be vtterly criyt done and nocht vsyt
a1500 Bk. Chess 32.
Vthir sum … Gois to the riall sporting of the ches
1506–7 Treas. Acc. III 365.
For the justing of the wild knycht for the blak lady
1542 Reg. Cupar A. II 190.
The twa akyr of land … with the fyschinge
a1570-86 Maitl. F. 330/47.
Quhone ȝoung men cwmis fra the grene At the futball playing had bene With brokin spald
1616 Aberd. Council Lett. I 137.
His mortificatioun to the mathematickas
c1646 Craufurd Edinb. Univ. 40.
Mr. Andrew Yong was created publik professor of the mathematiks
1657 Misc. Hist. Soc. VII 26.
Tusday … played at the tinnice with Blackbarronie, Haggs, and some others
1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. i xxiii 5 (1699) 118.
The third degree of it is, the advising these who are to sell, to hight the price, or the disswading the sellers to come to any particular mercat

9. With non-count nouns denoting, chiefly, abstract concepts. ?1438 Alex. i 776.
Ȝe Sall se my body of blude all rede, Woundit in perell of the dede
?1438 Alex. i 2657.
Vneis in him the lyfe thay fand
?1438 Alex. ii 122.
Thow may vs leid quhair ever thow gais, To tak the vengeance on thy fais
?1438 Alex. ii 2071.
Here may valȝeis nocht the thocht [F. li penserz] Na to be shamefull helpis it nocht
?1438 Alex. ii 4824.
I hait the weir and luffis the peis [F. la pais et la guerre]
c1420 Wynt. ix 2340.
The Ynglis men had the victory
1572 Sempill in Sat. P. xxxii 5.
Quhat saikles slauchter, quhat mortall meserie … Dois ring be Grange … The schame is thyne, thocht we the sorrow drie
a1578 Pitsc. I 31/25.
He cuild persawe the chancellaris folkis lyand in the wait for him
1688 Cloud of Witnesses (1714) 255.
If ye can but transmit it to the posterity

10. With the names of diseases or ailments. c1420 Liber Calchou 450.
The venome … castis a man in to the agw
1479 Acta Conc. II cxxxiv.
Sessioune stoppit quhill Merche in respect of the pest
1497 Treas. Acc. I 336.
Gevin to Watte Sangstar … quhen he lay seke in the feueris
1517 Acta Conc. MS XXX 135.
Ane child … is fallin sek and is suspectit to be the boche
1555 Edinb. B. Rec. II 227.
Diuers … schippis cumin furth of … places beyond sey with … waris into the quhilkis the pest is
1578 Inverness Rec. I 264.
The … defyling of the saidis strangearis be the fylthie foulnes called the glangoir
a1605 Montg. Flyt. 294, 295, etc. (T).
The coche, the connoche, the collik, and the cauld, The coirdis, the colt evill, the claspis, and the cleikis
a1646 Wedderburn Voc. (1709) 13.
Apoplexia, the poplisie or apoplexie. … Pleuritis, the plurisie
1655 Lamont Diary 87.
He died of the purpie feauer
1661 Elgin Rec. II 295.
William Eleis … gave ane drink to his meir and she reweiwed of ane disease called the boats

11. With the names of languages. c1420 Wynt. i Prol. 42 (W).
Gif clerkis bring thaim to knawlage Off the Latyne in oure langage
c1616 Hume Orthog. 10.
I wald commend to our men the imitation of the Greek and Latin, quho, to mend this crook, devysed diphthonges
1678 Ravillac Redivivus (1678) 77.
I confess I have a great veneration for our own and the Northern English language, upon the account of the Anglo-Saxon … to which they are so nearly ally'd; but … I … am as ambitious to write modern English, as any Gascon, or Provencal can be to write the modern French

12. With a noun denoting something considered unique in some way. c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 1.
Heigh in the hevynnis figure circulere
1490 Irland Mir. II 5/11.
God was sa grevit agane mankind that he causit many hevy punycioun cum vpone the waurld
1533 Bell. Livy II 230/5.
The maist hie and potent Jupiter
a1538 Abell 96a.
Wilȝem Wallace … hes it is traistit be martirdome for iustice passit to the hewin
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2868 (Ch.).
Quhilk bene against the law, ane man alane For till posses ma benefices nor ane
1567 G. Ball. 5.
The Lord Jesus
1596 Dalr. I 33/5.
The troublous ebbing and flowing of the sey
1611-57 Mure Early Misc. P. i 4.
Morpheus … forc'd him chainge his course Towards the ocean streamis
1662 Crim. Trials III 613.
In our Lord the Divellis nam

13. With measures, quantities, periods of time; indicating the rate or price for one quantity, etc.: Each, every, per. 14.. Acts I 312/2.
Qwhen the chalder is sauld for xl s. the galloun salbe at ij penijs
1474 Acta Aud. 30/2.
xxiiij bolle of meile quhilk he gert tak of multure of the said Johnne mare than a furlot of the chalder
1488 Acta Conc. I 98/2.
A bow of ry mele, price of the boll xij s.
1504–5 Treas. Acc. III 94.
For ij elne double kirsp to hir collaris; the elne iiij s.; summa viij s.
1532–3 Treas. Acc. VI 151.
To Thomas Scott passing in Ingland with writtingis and credence to the king … and thare remaning the space of xl dayis, to him on the day iij li.; summa jcxx li.
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 7.
The cuik, stewart, portar and pantriman, ilk ane of thayme ane bread, ane pyint of ayl the day
1568 Treas. Acc. MS 111.
xxv gros of blak jeit buttonis the gros xij s.
1589 Exch. R. XXII 72.
Small lyning … round lining … at 6 s. 6 d. the eln
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. ii 3.
Ane free man … sall gif for multure at the milne the sextene veshell, or the tuentie or threttie, according to his infeftment
1612 Reg. Privy C. IX 728.
The … Lordis hes valued … the goodis … as followis: … Scarlett claith the elne x lib., Yorkshyre cloath the dusane xxx lib., Denshyre cairsayis the peece, xxiiij lib. [etc.]
1633 Aberd. Council Lett. I 390.
Twelff hundreth merks of stipend … quhilk sum accounts for your moneyes at ten for the hundreth
1667 Rothesay B. Rec. 143.
The aquavytie for thrie schilling iiij d. the half muskein

14. In the above senses in reduced form th', chiefly, occurring before a vowel. a1400 Leg. S. xiii Prol. 57.
Ȝet thane of tham has ilkane A syndry forme be hym allane
c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 141.
This is theffect trewly of myn entent
1513 Doug. i Prol. 163.
Me lyst nocht schaw quhou thystory [Sm. the story, Ruddim. the storie] of Dydo Be this Caxtoun is haill pervertit
1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 71.
At thutermost of my power
a1585 Maitland in Maitl. Q. 23 heading.
Ane Ballat maid at thew [= the new] Ȝeirismes
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2605.
The doctour … said … pleis ȝour grace ȝe haue vnderstanding Quhat I haue said, thempreour said richt weill
1565 Reg. Privy C. I 370.
We haif thocht guid to mak publicatioun heirof unto you to thend ye suffir nocht your selffis to be deceaved
1584–5 Hamilton P. II 637.
c1590 Fowler I 345/15.
Those sugred wordes, thaucthors of my smarte
c1610 Melville Mem. 18.
Aduertissing him of themperours fleing
1644 Sc. N. & Q. 2 Ser. III 34.
To bee sold at his shop, in th' end of the Broad-gate
1664 Household Bks. Archb. Sharp in Misc. Maitl. C. II 505.
For a quart of Kinnarie thearle of Lauderdaill being with their lordships

II. With generic reference.

15. With the name of something used generically or as the type of its class. Also with plural noun or a noun with plural application or an adjective used as a noun.(a) c1420 Liber Calchou 449.
The clenging plas of the leuer is be twex the thé & the body in the holis
a1500 Henr. Fab. 4.
Thair [sc. fables] … sweit rhetore Richt plesand ar vnto the eir of man
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2709.
The pure pepill this lamb may signifie … Of quhome the lyfe is half ane purgatorie
1483 Acta Aud. *115/1.
According to the rekning of the Inglis grote to ij s.
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 64/6.
Trew luve rysis fro the splene
a1538 Abell 125b.
The comwnis of Ingland … rais aganis thare wikkit king
a1538 Abell 3*a.
Blasphemer in Scotland suld want the toung
1573 Acts III 82/2.
That euerie salmond barrel … sall contene twelf gallounis of the Striuiling pynt
1579 Acts III 174/2.
To erect and sett vp ane sang scuill with ane maister sufficient and able for instructioun of the ȝowth
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 21 (W).
The hairt, the hynd, the dae, the rae, The fulmarte, and the fox
1624 Huntar Weights & Measures 4.
The Scottish pinte or standerd jug of Sterling
1629 Conv. Burghs III 291.
The Hollanderis … hes enterit in possessioun of the said yle
1664 Reg. Great S. 334/2.
The rected multar
(b) 1604-31 Craig iii 32.
My … heart must weepe to see … th' ould, poore, blind, leame

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"The def. art.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 2 Dec 2022 <>



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