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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Brin, Bryn, v. Also: bryne; p.t. and p.p. brint, brynt. [ME. brin(ne, bryn(ne, early brinnen, ON. brinna = OE. biornan, byrnan; see Birn and Burn.]

1. intr. To be on fire or in flames. a1400 Leg. S. ii. 80.
Thai gert Rowme bryn vpe in a bles; And ithandly it brint sewin dais
Ib. x. 469; etc.
The fyre that bald can bryne
c1420 Wynt. i. 919.
Cyteis … that brynt for syn
Ib. iv. 397.
On nakyne wys … he mycht bryne
Ib. vi. 1405.
[A candle] in evynlyk lycht brynnand clere
c1450-2 Howlat 418.
It brynt as the fyre
1513 Doug. i. iv. 34.
Fyre … Keppit in dry leiffis … quhil thai brynt
Ib. xiii. x. 80.
Of Troy … quhen it in flambys brynt

b. fig. To be inflamed or eager. c1420 Wynt. v. 1457.
On ane … scho set hyr luwe … and brynt in lust
Ib. vi. 2141.
I am sua brynnand In cowatys
?1438 Alex. ii. 1352.
Clarus brint neir for matelent
1513 Doug. ii. ii. 84.
Than hastit we and brynt to heir hym say
Ib. vi. 37.
Our hartis brynt for desyre
15.. Christis K. 182.
Quhen thay had … branewod brynt in bailis

2. tr. To consume, destroy, or injure with fire.(a) 1375 Barb. xv. 438 (E).
Sum sent he For to bryn townys
a1400 Leg. S. vi. 249.
He vald … bryne thame syne
Ib. ix. 86.
Thy haly bedis brynnis me
c1420 Wynt. i. 673.
In a fyre thai wyll thaim bryn
Ib. ii. 1102.
Thai dowtyt sare that he walde … thare cyte bryne
1456 Hay II. 141/33.
Wyne … illumynis the fyre to bryn the liver
1531 Bell. Boece II. 413.
He gart brin him according … to his demeritis
1570 Leslie 26.
Brinynge and spulyeinge the cuntrie
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxvi. 303.
A fyre … that brynt the watir
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1738.
It of thare schippes brint mony
c1420 Wynt. v. 5655.
Jerusalem … He brynt up in hys … ire
Ib. vii. 2754.
Thare thai brynt hym in a fyre
c1475 Wall. x. 876.
Crawfurd … thair saill brynt in a bles
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 222/5.
Thai brynt … certane townis in Innerkep
1531 Bell. Boece I. 72.
He brint all thair schippis and galyeonis
1535 Stewart 4071.
Tha brint it all in as
Ib. 22441.
Baillis tha brint
1543 Acts II. 432/1.
Archibald … brint and distroyit his place of Boltoun
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 290.
The horsmen … brint the saids riges
fig. 1513 Doug. i. x. 11.
Of cruell Juno the dreid brynt hir inwart
(c) a1400 Leg. S. iv. 128.
Plenȝeand … that he … gert tham brint be
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1740.
So mony with the fyre ware brynt
c1420 Wynt. iv. 2004.
It was brynt in colys left
Ib. vii. 2992.
Thare howssys and men war brynt
1445 Peebles B. Rec. 10.
A pund of wax … to be brynt on Saynt Androis altar
1456 Hay I. 43/22.
He … was brynt to dede
1490 Acta Conc. 168/1.
Being at the kirk of Monywarde the tyme it wes brynt
1508 Treas. Acc. IV. 28.
For mending of the arres clathis that wer brynt
1513 Doug. ii. vii. 27.
Troy, quhilk now is brynt to gledis
1531 Bell. Boece II. 44.
Sa mony as wald nocht be abjurat … war brint
1546 Wemyss Corr. 7.
As belis war brynt in placis assignit
1549 Compl. 21/11.
Vas it nocht brynt in puldir and asse
a1568 Scott i. 76.
On fasting dayis thai wer nocht brint nor hangit
1596 Misc. Spald. C. I. 103.
Jonet Wischert, … brint for sorcerie

b. absol. To cause destruction by fire. c1420 Wynt. viii. 5035.
Schyr Andrew … in Ingland … brynt and slewe
1456 Hay I. 281/4.
Gif the Franche knycht … brynt and slewe and reft

c. tr. To mark by burning; to brand. 1521 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 204.
Scho was decernit to be brint on the cheik
1529 Ib. II. 12.
At the samyn [mesour] be brynt with the … merkyn irne of the tovne
1578 Glenartney Doc.
[The deer] to be markat and brint by our forrester
1579 Conv. Burghs I. 89.
That the barrellis … be bryntt or markit with the mark of thair tovne
1599 Elgin Rec. II. 71.
He salbe brynt on the cheik

d. To make or harden by burning. c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1702.
Sum holkit claye, sum brynt the tylde

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"Brin v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 3 Mar 2024 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/brin>

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