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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XI).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Victual(l, Vit(t)al(l, n. Also: victal(l, -ale, -ail, -ell, -ul(le, -uale, -uaill, -uel(l, -wal(e, -wall, wictal(l, -ail(l)e, -el(l, -ual(l)(e, -uell, -wall, -well, wyctaill, vectual(l, vittal(l)(e, -ail(l)(e, -el(l, -uall, -uel(l, wittal(l, -ale, -ail(l)(e, -el(l, -ual(l)(e, -uaill, -uell, -wall, vitale, -ail(l)(e, -ayl, -ell, -ual(l, -uel(l, wital(l)(e, -aill, -el, -ule, -uaill, vyttale, -aill, wyttal(l)(e, -ail(l)(e, -ayl(l)e, -ell, -uell, vytell, wytal(l)(e, -ail, -ayle, -ell, vettal(e, -ell, wettail(l, -el(l, -ele, -eil(l, vetal(l, -ale, -ail, -uall, wetal, -ale, -ail(l, -el(l, weittell, vittl(l, victll, viticil(l, vicwall, vict. [ME and e.m.E. vytayle (Manning), vitaile (14th c.) vetaile (1399), victuayle (1523), vittel (1554-9), victual (c1570), vitual (1596), OF vitaille, victaille, etc., late L. victuālia.] Chiefly coll. and pl. Provisions, foodstuffs, staple goods, necessities, chiefly, grain. 1264 Exch. R. I 11.]
[Viginti vaccas pro tribus libris et eas tradidit hominibus Galwathie pro defectu victualium
(1) 1375 Barb. xiv 92.
The castell weill wes stuffyt then Off new with wyttaill [C. wittale] and with men
1375 Barb. xiv 383.
Quhen thai come in biggit land Wittaill and mete ynewch thai fand
1375 Barb. xvii 213 (C).
?1438 Alex. i 6.
Ane stalwart castel gart he mak, & garnison & vittel tak
?1438 Alex. i 12.
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1208 (C).
c1420 Wynt. ii 359.
He ghert that sevyn yhere gadryt be Alkyne korne in swylk plente, That in tyll tyme off hungar sare, The folk … Tyll Egypt that tym drawyn were, To by wyttaylle for [W. wictalis to] thare fude
c1420 Wynt. ii 383.
c1420 Wynt. v 2193.
All the lordys that than thare Come … As thai off state ware and off gre, Nere hym he gert herbryde be, And gat hym wyttalle off the land
c1420 Wynt. viii 4223.
c1420 Wynt. viii 5497.
c1420 Wynt. viii 5675.
1452 Acts II 41/2.
That na maner of wittail be haldin in gyrnall be ony personis forther than is neidfull for thair awin persounis and … thair houshaldis
1456 Misc. Spald. C. II 212.
a1500 Henr. Fab. 263.
This burges brocht thame … In to ane spence with vittell [Bann. vitall, H. victuell] greit plentie: Baith cheis and butter … Flesche and fische aneuch, baith fresche and salt, And sekkis full off grotis, meill, and malt
c1475 Wall. viii 573.
Quha that likyt ony wyttaill [McD. wyctaill] till sell
1516 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 38.
Anent your vitell that thair be na part maid of the samyn quhill xii houris … And the bred to [be] maid efferand to the set of quheit
1533–4 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 66.
That the said schip be weill furnist with ankers and cabills and vittale to sustene thame in the menetyme
1548 Rec. Earld. Orkney 235.
Ane meil vittell and ane meill flecht to … be our aire
1571 Crim. Trials I ii 30.
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 141/9.
c1650 Spalding II 44.
The countrie people … wes forsit to pay gryte prices for vittll to sustene thame selffis, becaus out of the schirefdomes of Abirdein and Banff thair wes transportit about 12,000 bollis of oates, beir, and meill, quhilk raisit the prices mightelly
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxiii 238.
[They] bad Malchus he suld hyme taile, & pas to the towne fore vitale
a1400 Leg. S. xxvii 694.
1449 Acts II 36/2.
That na burges [etc.] … that byis ony corne or vital to sel agayn hald vitale … mar than wil sustene hym & his menȝe quhil new corne
1494 Treas. Acc. I 244.
For the forsaid prouisione … xv chalderis iiij bollis meile … xlviij li. xvj s. … for fraucht, cariage and expens maid vppone the said vitall vj li.
1517 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 41.
We ordane yow, sir balyeis, to punis all regratoris of our common merkat botht anentis flesch, fesch, vytell, butter and ches and salt
1596 Dalr. II 26/12.
A nauie ladne with vitale, wine, al prouisioun for the weiris
(c) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii 478.
A bat sture with wetale
1450 Ayr B. Ct. 14 April.
That na regratouris by vetale be for x houris nowder fre na vnfre
1456 Misc. Bann. C. III 94.
Henry the crounaris son au me for tendis and ky that he tuk of myn xl markis and mair, as vetail wes sauld in the countre that tym
a1500 Bernardus 110.
Geff thow be rycht man of gouernance, And hase to sel wetale in gret substance Se be na way na derth that thou desyre For thi wynnyng
(d) 1439 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 6.
Quha dressis thame to bye … victuall sall sweir that thai sall nocht bye mair than may suffice to the dispenssis of thair househald
a1500 Bernardus 82.
In ioyfule dayis and haly tyme paschale Fede nocht thi famel with costly victuale
1533 Boece 167b.
Scottis and Pichtis … disturssit the cuntre of insicht and victualis sa mekil as thai mycht cary
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 703.
He furnischit ane gay veschaill … With artailȝie, hakbut, bow, and speir, And … with gude victuaill, With the best wyne that he culd waill
1562 Treas. Acc. XI 177.
Lettres of proclamatioun … that thai … tak nocht upoun hand to girnale ony victuale mair nor will sustene thair houshaldis
a1578 Pitsc. I 115/35.
Chairgand thame to meit him at Douglas … with twentie dayes wictuall
1596 Dalr. I 72/6.
Quhen … he … had socht throuch the feildes victual to wit corne and cattel quhairwith he mycht refreshe his people
1626 Dundee Chart. 157.
Wheat, bear meall, or any victuall whatsomever
1643 Dundee Chart. 88.
All customs or ladlies of all wictuall grund upon his lands
1657 Falkirk Par. Rec. I 201.
[He] deponit that James Russell was drunk and that he scattered ane number of victuall on the ground
1662 Peebles B. Rec. II 50.
The said sort of victuall [supra meall]
1672 Acts VIII 61/2.
The price of victuall … being at eight pounds the boll of beir and meill, and ten pounds wheat
1680 Foulis Acc. Bk. 29.
To Thomas Hunter to pay the women for dighting victuall £3 15 s.
1692 Conv. Burghs IV 597.
Alexander Wobster, to Drountowne with wictwall
(e) 1445 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 8.
c1475 Wall. iii 16.
Inglismen, that riches wantyt nayne, Be caryage brocht thair wictaill … Stuffit housis with wyn and gud wernage
c1475 Wall. iii 245.
He gert dewys, and prowide thar wictaille Baith stuff and hors … To freyndis about preualye thai send
1513 Doug. i viii 68.
Hesperia, Ane nobill land, richt potent in bataill And fructuus grond, plentuus of vittalle [Sm. victall]
1533 Bell. Livy II 210/11.
Small pepill (becaus thai war of mare nowmer than mycht be sustenit throw penurite of victale within sa litill boundis)
(f) 1595 Conv. Burghs I 467.
Burgessis … quha … hes … tane thame to the foirstalling regraitting and kowpping of al sort of wittuall and thairby the derth of sic necessar viwers daylie incressit
16.. Hist. Kennedy 21.
His secund wyff quhome to he had left sum wittuell
1673 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct.) 19 Dec.
To John Gordoun … for the beirs pryce being for ferm wittwall cropt 1672 yeirs
(g) c1610 Laing MSS 123.
To declaire … quhat weittell ewerie ane of yow … hes growing upone [your land]
(2) 1375 Barb. iv 170 (C).
1375 Barb. v 397 (C).
All the vittale, outakin salt, As quhet, flour, meill, & malt
a1400 Leg. S. xxx 425.
Thai ordenyt hyr … Thar witale to the house to by … Thane cartis with hyre scho can ta … & bryng hame quhet, oyle or wyne, & nedful thing to the keching
?1438 Alex. ii 9139.
c1420 Wynt. ii 383 (C).
c1420 Wynt. iv 465.
c1420 Wynt. iv 485.
Thai … ete and drank rycht gredyly Off the wytayle that was assayid
1436 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 4.
After the cumming in of ony schip … with quheit mele rye malt beir or any vitailes or viuouris, the alderman baillies and the counsale by this vitaile of rationable pryce as thai may
1466 Newburgh B. Ct. 17b.
Wytall … wittall
1494 Treas. Acc. I 247.
1520 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 58.
That the witel cumand to our myll be sufficiantlie done to and na falt to be in the miller under the payne of [etc.]
1530 Soc. Ant. II 393.
1536 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 175.
1547 Cal. Sc. P. I 4.
1596 Conv. Burghs I 487.
It was aleget … that the … vituall was in bing with ten last vittuall pertening to the skipper
1610 Sutherland Bk. III 178.
Ten small peckis and ane auchtod of meill for hir ouklie wittell and kitchein
1625 Acts V 181/2.
Anent the article for the vittaill and the pryceis to be sett thairvpoun vpoun occasionis of importatioun and exportatioun
1664 Galloway P. 21 Feb.
The first inlayeing of the said wittwall to be in 1665
(b) a1500 Henr. Fab. 244.
This victuall [Bann. wittell] and ȝour royall feist May weill suffice for sic ane rurall beist
1501 Acta Conc. III 21.
[He] aucht not til releif the sade Johne … of the sade victale [supra viij boll and ane half of mele] because the sade Jhone producit nor previt na thing til preif the sammyn
1663 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 71.
The Frenchmen … past eastward towards Musselbrough, to … hinder the victuall from comeing to Edenburgh
1598 St. A. Baxter Bks. 54.
A multitude of regrateris … bying the victuall fra the laboraris of the ground and husbondmen befoir the cornis pas to kill
1655 Aberd. Council Lett. III 248.
Our wictuall is measurit with pecks and firlots according to the gages of Lithgow. And for the paiss of bread, it is according to the pryces of the wictuall
1675 Edinb. B. Rec. X 219.
The … baxters are resolved to build dwelling housses and lofts and girnills for holding of there victuall
(3) 1375 Barb. iv 451.
He tuk armyng and cleything Wittalis wyne and other thing
1375 Barb. x 317.
1375 Barb. xv 92 (C).
Schir Eduard gert men gang and se All the vitalis of that cite. And thai fand sic fusioune thar-in Of corn [and] flour [and] wax and vyne
1375 Barb. xvii 296 (C).
1386 Rot. Sc. II 85/2.
c1420 Wynt. viii 5666.
Qwhete and wyne, And othir syndry wyttalis
1462 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 20.
It is ordanit that na nychtbour nor vther tak vpon hand to warne ony strangaris of the price of vittuallis in the cuntrey
c1489 Liber Aberbr. II 263.
Off stuff off houshalde … to be brocht in be the granitar yeirly at Alhalowmes … to haue in al vittalis in the gyrnalis at the ferrest
c1498 Fam. Rose 166.
Vittalis, clething, veschale and uthir insicht gudis
?a1500 Remembr. Passion 140.
1506 Peebles B. Rec. I 200.
1515 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 192.
Thar wittalis that is to say quheit, beir, malt, meill, aitis and all vthir merchaundis
1517 Grant Chart. 63.
1525 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 77.
1527 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 271.
Optenis licence of the kingis graice to tak or sell vittalis or salt furth of the realme
1531 Bell. Boece I 3.
1535 Acts II 347/1.
That na maner of man send in to Ingland vittalis fische or salt vnder the pane of confiscatioun of all thar movable gudis
a1538 Abell 119a.
The papis galionis & the imprioris … set on the Turkis awn schippis … ladin all with witalis to the Turkis and sa the Turkis mycht nocht bide for want of wittalis
?1546 Corr. M. Lorraine 160.
The kyng of Ingland has tynt al is witaillis and moniccions be se
1550 Reg. Privy C. I 110.
1550 Elgin Rec. I 104.
For eschewing of incomodatiis quhilkis occurris … throch housing of vitualis quhilk suld be patent in mercat … and not in secret housis … it is statut [etc.]
1551 E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. V 78.
1553 Fam. Rose 219.
1589–1600 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 2b.
Geuene out for ane bot to tak our our wetelis and our compeny mar nor was aluettat our countis xxxiii s.
1595 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 4b.
1596 Dalr. II 16/9.
In extreme necessitie of prouisioun, of vitaylis, of suddertis, and mony vthiris necessities
1600 Dundee Shipping P. 68.
The mayrschand that hes frawchit hir … and he is to pay hayris, wetteillis and all kaynd of theing belongein to the woyage, onllei we mone mak ane sowfeiseiant schip with gowd saillis, caibellis and ankers and gowd reinning taikell
1602 Dundee Shipping P. 75.
Y … brocht hir aff grownd againe and fetcht ballast and bocht wettellis and saillis to the reis and was all clleir
1602 Conv. Burghs II 139.
That na mariner sall dispyse, conteme, or lichtle the schipis wittuallis, nor ȝit sall desyre … ony vther intertenement within the schip bot sic as hes bene commounle vsit of auld
1615 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 236.
The rebels had greit punschouns full of powder, and greit store of wittels
1641-8 Skipper's Acc. (Smettone) 2.
c1650 Spalding I 269.
Vpone the 11th of Maij, wonderfull heiche tempestuous wyndis, mervallous in Maij … ane schip going with vittllis to Dumbartan … perishit
(b) 1375 Barb. iii 401 (C).
He gat schippyne gud plente, And wictalis in gret aboundance
1479–80 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 37.
Ony victuallis, quheit, beir, malt, ry, rymeill, or massilyon
1482 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 44.
1497 Treas. Acc. I 382.
For viij bollis of mele, to wictail tua botis with … iiij li. … for four hundreth haddokis to the victales xij s.
1504 Rep. Menzies MSS 37.
1507 Reg. Privy S. I 221/1.
1518 Fife Sheriff Ct. 108.
1547 Armstrong Hist. Liddesdale App. lxxx.
1549 Compl. 25/9.
1550 Elgin Rec. I 105.
1550–1 Reg. Privy C. I 114.
Fische, flesche, nolt, or scheip, cheise, butter, or ony uther kynd of victuallis or viveris
1558 Inverness Rec. I 26.
For macyn of the feyr of the wictellis to Mertimes quha hes mad the price of the boll to extend to xiiij s.
1558-66 Knox I 460.
a1578 Pitsc. II 21/15.
The erle of Lennox … garnisit the castell thairof with men and wictwallis and arteilȝerie
a1578 Pitsc. II 279/11.
The men of weir … tuik the regentis schippes and sindrie crearis and boittis ladding with wyne and victwales and hereit all thame that passit vp or downe
a1578 Pitsc. II 285/28.
Ane hundreith hors leiddin with victwallis
1581 Acts III 225/2.
Amangis the monie vtheris occasionis of derth of victuallis … is the halding of horsis at hard meit … all the somer seasoun
c1615 Chron. Kings 151.
1620 Irving Dumbartonsh. II App. 340.
In respect of the charseness of victualls, the sessione ordains that bryddell lawingis sall not exceid fyve schilling four pennies
1665 Laing MSS 346.
The provest, baillies and counsell doe … receave thair orderis … specially concerning thair mercattis and pryces of all victuallis, meatt and drink
(4) 1466 Newburgh B. Ct. 17b.
vi bollis of wyttal and vi ȝekis
1497–8 Acta Conc. II 134.
lx of bollis of victale, the price of the boll vj s. viij d.
1557 Inverness Rec. I 7.
To content and pay Isbell Damster the hyest price of ane boll wyttuell
1574–5 Reg. Privy S. VII 6/1.
Everie chalder victell that sal be sauld in the said port
1597 Prot. Bk. T. Auchinlek 61b.
Twa meillis meling ane of flesche and ane wther of wictwell
1635 Wodrow in Hay Geneal. 98.
Quhich … can no wayes inferre the forfeit of his moveables, no not of a pecke of victuall
c1650 Spalding I 162.
For thay plunderit … out of his ground … about 22 scoir bollis of victuall, whiche he had laid wp in stoir

b. Grain, etc. paid as rent, dues, etc. 1473 Reg. Cupar A. I 182.
Payand ȝerly to ws for the male ix chalder of vitale
1478 Reg. Cupar A. I 217.
1488 Liber Aberbr. II 259.
Al [gap in text] sovmes off wetaillis or siluer aucht to me for the execucioune off the said office off crownarschip
1488 Liber Aberbr. II 259.
1492 Reg. Cupar A. I 254.
Aucht bollis of vitale, half beir and half meil … this vitale to be ȝerlie pait … for the content and payment of an boytht [etc.]
c1505 Lanark B. Rec. 16.
All thir landis abone writtyn, quhilk is heretagis to thir personis abone writtyn, is ordynit to pay … ilk aker half ane forlot and half ane pek of vetall
1531–2 Prot. Bk. J. Brydin No. 158.
The forsaid twa aykers payand to the abbay twa bollis of vyttaill
1537 Douglas Corr. 352.
I have gyffin to the king, my son, my vyttale off Donbar, whiche is four and fyfty chaders of vettal and I get lytyl profet for the sam
1554 Boyd Fam. P. No. 41 (14 Aug.).
1556–7 Inverness Rec. I 5.
Thair be twelf bollis wyttell … to be gyfin yerle to the Master of Sculle for his fee and fowyr pundis mone in pencion … quhilkis wittuallis salbe payit to hym at Candylmes and Pasche
1565–6 Rec. Earld. Orkney 374.
Summa of this wittuaill abointhe writtain, yeirle, 3 last, 20 meils
1567 Holyrood Chart. 301.
To … mak full satisfactioun … of ten chalders wittuell … to the said Sir James
1586 Montrose Baillie Ct. 12 Oct.
Johne Wilsoun … confessit himself to haue ressauit … ane hundreth sevin poundis … in … payment of all soumes of money or wtheris deweteis alsueill of wittuall as of money
1595 Duncan App. Etym.
Annonna, far, vittall
1627 Orkney Rentals iii 71.
Thirtie-thrie pennie land … worth yearlie in stocke separate from the teynde sax barrell frie butter and ane leispund louse butter, in vittaill ane last eighteene meales, in flesh [etc.]
1627 Misc. Spald. C. V 219.
Becaus thay peyit not in thair wituaill to the girnall, the lard … protestit for the hiest prycis for thair rest wituall, gif it was not peyit befor Lambes
c1650 Spalding I 294.
Thay gat about threttie chalderis of vittll and siluer rent out of the bischopis kavell, consisting of thrie cobles on the water of Done, and vther rentis out of the samen water, to help mak wp this furneshing
1665 S. Ronaldshay 50.
Johne Schesholime [appointed schoolmaster in the South Parish, for which] he is to have foure bolls vituall and half the baptism money [etc.]
(b) 1497–8 Acta Conc. II 147.
The quhilkis proffit[tis], soumes of money and victalis the sadis Jonet and Patrik suld haf had of the sadis myln and landis pertenyng til the sade Jonet in conjunct feftment
1545 Reg. Cupar A. II 38.
The said Janat sall haif the tane half of the samin teindis, and the said Jhonis aris the tother half … payand … ȝerlye affering to the said thre chalder wictall aboune writtinn be equall portionis, ilk ane for thair awyne pairt respectiue
1549 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 624.
Payand for ilk pleuch that pais wictuale thir yeris bigane the soumme of sex merkis
1566 Reg. Privy C. I 494.
We … hes assignit for sustentatioun of the said ministerie certane victuales and money
1572 Rec. Earld. Orkney 290.
[For all the debts and duties … owing … both victual and butter, or others,] and of the x setteis of wytell that Mans Lawttane and James Grosetter deliverit to him
1606 Chart. Coupar A. II 220.
With ane speciall remit and discharge of the thriddis of the said Abbacie of Couper alsweill victuall as siluer
1642 Strathbogie Presb. 33.
Reserving thrie hundreth merkis, and tuelff bollis wictuall with manse and gleib of Rynie, to the said Mr. Henry dureing his lifetyme
c1650 Spalding II 73.
He had giftit to him out of Ross aucht chalderis victll, dureing his lyftime, since his kirk wes takin fra him
1650 J. M. Beale Fife Schools 136.
For his meat they are to think upon ane way what voluntarilie everie pleugh in the landwart will give, either in victuall or in moneyes
1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. ii xiv (1678) 421.
A landed man, whose rent exceeds a thousand merks, or ten chalders of victual
1697-1707 D. Hume Accompt of Estate 10.
If she shall survive the Martimass, they shall have right to the whole victual, and to the Candlemass term's duty of the money, with a clause irritant, in case one term run into another unpayed
(c) 1555–6 Irons Leith II 603.
The multr of all cornes and victulle as he and his predecessors has bene accustomed to possess and enjoy be reasoun of their mylenes
(d) 1616 Binns P. (SRS) 24.
I mynd to resave na vetuall fra thame for this yeiris dett till I return bak outt of the southe
(e) 1630 Misc. Hist. Soc. II 255.
In respect of the scairstie of victuall heir, I was restand to my ministers for rest of victuall of thair stipend three thousand mark (God knowis quhat stet I was in with them to redeime sum of thair very viticillis and domiseillis quhilk thay had pandit)
(f) 1647 Galloway P. 4 Nov.
The first payment of the inlaid vectual to be betuix Ȝuile 1648 and Candilmas 1649
(g) 1641 Boyd Fam. P. No. 174 (9 June).
Of all preceding witules of tynd preceeding this date … I grant my discharge
(h) 1667 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 27 Feb.
Inawing … be the tennents of Balfeir ane yeiris rent which is twelff bolls vicwall and £20 of money
(i) 1684 Dingwall Presb. 351.
Mr. John to affoord her maintenance a peck of vict weekly

c. attrib. and comb. Teind(is) victual(is, see Te(i)nd n. 4 b for examples.attrib. (1) 1579 Inchaffray Chart. c.
Such victual meall and bear that at ane hundreth mark the chalder extends in money to vc cviij mks.
(2) 1600 Edinb. B. Rec. V 275.
[The council] settis to Umphra Gray the custome … of the victuall buirdis under the sekkis in the quheit and meill mercattis … for payment of fourtie pund
c1650 Spalding I 315.
Thay … brak wp the victuall girnallis
1576 Edinb. Test. IV 118b.
In his vittalhousis xxviij bollis mele
1583 Edinb. Test. XII 61b.
My wyf to haif hir thrid of Alpin and to duell in the vittalhous within the ȝet
1632 Culross II 325.
Fra George Bruce's vittail houses eist unto Blairhall
1653 Soc. Ant. XXIII 308.
It is against reason that my lord's wictuallhouse should be takin vp for the vse of the gvarnisone seing my lord's haill houses … are gvarnison'd by them
1669 Stirling Common Good 51.
For a lock & a key to the vectuall house, £4
1699 Laurencekirk 357.
He declared that out of a six-firlot sack, which he had standing in his victual-house, he wanted about two pecks
1613 Fraserburgh Kirk S. I 16a (5 May).
[He] baid the ȝong laird try Malcolmeis keyis gif he had ony that wold opin the victuall hous duir or no
(3) a1639 Spotsw. Hist. (1677) 107.
He dilapidated the whole rents by feuing the lands, and converting the victual-duties in money
1592 (1610) Reg. Great S. 90/2.
The victuall land maillis of Clestrane benorthe the burne
1696 Glasg. Univ. Mun. II 535.
To give account of the Colledge revenew, victwall-money, or otherwayes … which accounts being inspected … to be given in to … the Provost of Glasgow … in order to form a charge by way of rentall, out of the forsaid account bookes of the victwall and money rent belonging to the college
1660 Old Ross-shire II 48.
Finding it most convenient to convert the victual rent of Strathcarrone in money
1683 Fountainhall Decis. I 234.
That the victual-rent of it be annexed and brought in to the Exchequer
1696 Glasg. Univ. Mun. II 535 (see above). 1699 Fountainhall Decis. II 71.
Likeas, one of them is only quoad the money and victual-rent, but not of the kains, customs and straw
1496 Treas. Acc. I 310.
Giffin to the skippar of the schip … for ȝonk Gherardis mennis fraucht and wittalis siluir, vij li.
1545 Corr. M. Lorraine 150.
The wittall sillver … may nocht be payit to eftere Candillmes
(4) 1505 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 106.
He to haif his dewty of the vittaills merkat as vse and wont hes bene
1561 Edinb. B. Rec. III 105.
The said victuell merket be changit and transporttit to the biggit place quhair the flesche merket is presentlie haldin
1601 Edinb. B. Rec. V 289.
That thair be ane commoun hallis for all sorts of victuall brocht to be sawld in the victuall merkett … biggett … of tymber … in the Nether Kirkyaird
(5) 1625 Argyll Rentals I.
Restis for sauld meill as the victuall buik beiris
(6) 1674 Cunningham Diary 1.
All things I do in reference to my civill businesse, such as, landsetting, victual selling, any bargane making [etc.]
comb. 1543 Aberd. B. Rec. I 191.
The toune is hauely murmurit be the landmen, that the vittell byaris of the merkat scattis thame grytlie in taking of sampillis, scheytschakkingis and sic oder ewill vsit custum

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"Victual n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2023 <>



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