A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Cast, v. Also: caste, kast(e, caist; p.t. kest(e, kist(e, kyst(e, keist, ceist, keastt, ceast; kaist(e, caist, cast; kost, kust, cust(e, kuist (kwist), cuist, coost; p.p. castin(e, -yne, castne, casten(e; cassin(e, -yn(e, cassen (cassing); cast (kast). [ME. casten (c 1230), cast(e, ON. kasta (p.t. -aðe, p.p. -aðr). The usual forms of the p.t. and p.p. follow the model of the strong verbs.]
I. 1. To cast or throw, so as to shift from one place to another.
To cast cantrips: see Cantrip n.
(a) Do caste we owt this ded body; Leg. S. xvi. 476.
Quhy thole ȝe thame … to kast thame in the lak[e]? Ib. xx. 226.
To cast stanys fast behynde; Wynt. ii. 518.
Syne he bad that men suld fast That watyr in thare howsys cast; Ib. v. 1240.
Thay within can stanes cast; Alex. ii. 1327.
He gert cast in the furnas the thre haly persouns; Hay I. 8/1.
He bad the coilȝear … Cast the creillis fra the capill; Rauf C. 487.
He … Bad byrne his cors and cast it in the se; Bk. Chess 1055.
Fische wyvis cryis, Fy, and castis doun skillis and skeilis; Dunb. Flyt. 231.
The ald waykly … A dart did cast; Doug. ii. ix. 64.
The querriouris … oblist thame … to cast the red behin thame and fill vp the hollis; 1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 193.
[He] to the sey can pas … And thair but mair castis in the … knicht; Rolland Seven S. 6626.
God … soune heirefter castis the scourge in the fyre; Pitsc. II. 102/19.
Thair wes the noyis of pepill casting the glassis with wyne; Diurn. Occurr. 68.
Into the port hir self sho castis Thair lyfe or death to find; Maitl. Q. lxxx. 3.
Alleging … that thai do caist thame [the peats] away in the pet pottis; 1604 Urie Baron Ct. 6.
Prophaning the Sabboth daye in casting the stone and hammer; 1612 Misc. Maitl. C. I. 419.
You … did sie George Fergusone … playeing and casteing his bonnet; 1688 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII. 247.
(b) Thair gownys deliuerly … thai kest avay; Barb. viii. 469.
Thai … mony speris … Kest emang thame; Ib. xi. 593.
That serpent … he in the fyre … fra him keste; Leg. S. ii. 42.
The prince can pray That thai hyr kest nocht in the se; Ib. xvi. 502.
Thare oure the wattyr he kest hys wand; Wynt. v. 5190.
He … kest fast … the blode In till Willame Walays face; Ib. viii. 2062.
His son in to the se he kest; Seven S. 2590.
Quhilk crose and nalis … And bludy crowne befoir me kest; Dunb. lxxii. 108.
On we kest of warm mylk mony a skul; Doug. iii. i. 125.
Scho … fra hir kest hir wapynnys and armyng; Ib. xi. xv. 144.
Apoun oure folkis Romanis … kest dartis; Boece v. ii. 166.
Thai kest at hir al thare targis; Bell. Livy I. 33/32.
Than Nembroth … Thir brether boith keste in the fyre; Lynd. Mon. 1872.
I … kest myself richt with ane michtie bend; Lichtoun Dreme 17.
It is tryit that John Layngis sone … kest stans at James Grantis quhyit; 1597 Elgin Rec. II. 59.
James Abercrombie … kest ane seatt foorth in the middest of the kirk; 1635 Kirkcaldy Presb. 101.
The scolleris … rave thame all in blaidis … and kest them in the sea; Spalding I. 87.
(b) One hyme scho kyste the vatyr rath; Leg. S. xvii. 65.
The fel paianis … kist stanis at thame; Ib. xli. 279.
He … kiste thare-in pyk & brynstan; Ib. xliv. 285.
(c) The said Ewin … keist ane tre … at me, … and thaireftyr keist stanis at me; 1567 Inverness B. Rec. I. 146.
All the remanent [munition] thai keist in the sey ground; Diurn Occurr. 230.
Agnes Smyt careit the watter … to the rynnand wattir of Lossie and keist in the same thair; 1594 Elgin Rec. II. 39.
He keist a staine at hir calff; 1604 Ib. 125.
David Hoode … [murdered] Johnne Harlaw, … and keastt him in a howe ditche; 1627 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II. 62.
(d) Villiam Hall, officiar, kaist furtht the stres, ij stulis, furtht of the houssis; 1554 Prot. Bk. G. Grote 2.
Quha sauld thair geris and landis … and kaist the prices thairof at the Disciplis feit; Winȝet I. 127/24.
The pryice of Christ quhillk Iudas kaist againe; Maitl. Q. lxii. 146.
He tuik ane thing lyke to ane fute-ball … and caist the same in the see; 1590 Crim. Trials I. 211.
The deponer kaist the halk fra him; 1600 Acts IV. 208/2.
I … caist them out like myre in streets; Mure Ps. xviii. 42.
He … murthered the said Nathalocus … sittand on the previe … and kaist him thairin; Bisset II. 166/30.
(e) Iok Mosman cuist ane stane at Iame Mennon; 1524 Carnwath Baron Ct. 18 b.
He cuist out ane pursfull of auld sousis; 1550–1 Corr. M. Lorraine 346.
Dauid Orme … kuist vpe agane the saidis staneis and lyme of the brokin wall; 1565 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 31.
The rest [of the arms] thei cust ouer in the sea; Bann. Memor. 174.
[He] patt violent hands on his wyff, … and cuist hir our hir awin stair; 1593 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 85.
He … cuist ane sklait stane ower the wyndo among the pepill; 1600 Crim. Trials II. 196.
Scho almost cuist the bairne thryse in the fyre; 1624 Miss. Abbotsf. C. 146.
[He] with a graip kuist down a great part of the thack … of the said hous; 1641 Peebles Gleanings 238.
(c) The quene … that cofyne nere-by cane se With wawis castine to the land; Leg. S. xii. 65.
In the mikil fyre … he gert tham castine be; Ib. xx. 275.
In the se his body lay Castyn thare efftyr mony day; Wynt. v. 912.
The barnis was castyn to the wolvis in the wod; Hay I. 40/30.
The wit thou suld haue had was castin in … with a staf slong; Kennedy Flyt. 357.
[Thay] ar worthie … to be castin in the deip and dark pit of hel; Hamilton Facile Tr. 390.
His hoar head cut off … and casten at the King's feet; 1698 Fam. Innes 38.
(b) Certane personis … [have] tane away the said proppis and cassyne mony of thaim in the … wattir of Cruok; 1450 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 151.
Quhar drink and draff may ilka day Be cassyne super faciem mean; Dunb. vi. 40.
Swa at the muk stuf … cassyn in at the clovs may be keppit thare; 1518 Dunferm. B. Rec. 297.
Ane haile [brandar] and ane brokin and cassin by; 1519 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II. 177.
The occiane see apperit bludy, and mony deid bodyis cassin to the brayis thairof; Bell. Boece I. 121.
His body suld be cassin to the houndis; Ib. 174.
The gudes to be eschett or cassing our the craig; 1549 Ann. Banff. I. 27.
He was cassen over-thorte a pair of crealles, and so was caryed to Abirdene; Knox II. 357.
That … the lynt … be … oppynit, handillit, and cassin furth to the wynd; 1564 Reg. Privy C. I. 281.
xij boistis scrochertis and confectis that was cassin over the stairs of the bow the day of the entres; 1590 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 331.
That he suffir na stainis nor ballest to be cassin out; 1605 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 237.
The defunct missing his dager, quhilk … was cassin vp … vpone ane almerie heid; 1612 Crim. Trials IIII. 239.
Ane great number of glasses to be cassin and brokin; 1660 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 187.
(c) He is cast into the sey; Rolland Seven S. 6627.
That man sall be cast furth; Lauder Minor P. i. 126.
b. absol. To perform the act of throwing.
Sa far as man mycht caste with hand; Leg. S. xl. 510.
Qwhen thai castyne hade; Wynt. viii. 4864.
Sum kest with handes and sum with sloung; Alex. ii. 1329.
Thay castand war rycht awfull on athir sid; Wall. ix. 167 (ed. 1570).
The maste parte To schut or cast war perfite in the art; Doug. vii. xi. 110.
fig. With the Empreour in fauouris ȝe do stand; Thairfoir the mair thay will cast at ȝour hand; Rolland Seven S. 9087.
c. To cast (dice, lots, etc.). Also absol.
For examples with the nouns see Cavill, Cut, Dice, Lot.
It [sc. the lot] wald on him, … Continually, quhill thai had castyn thrys; Wall. vii. 386.
This harlot kest apon thre dyce auchtene; Bk. Chess 1990.
Quhen Bernard kest, a dyce in two is gone; Ib. 1992.
Bot he kest vp fair syisis thre; Dunb. xxxiv. 73.
fig. A wretchit woman … Vhose chanch is cassin that sho can not chuse Bot sigh; Montg. Son. xxxiv. 3.
d. To bandy, exchange (words).
Fra that kest thai na ma wordis; Wynt. viii. 2049.
2. To bring, put, convey, etc., with some force or speed; to change the place of (something) by a forcible or sudden movement. Freq. with adverbs, as down, out, up, or preps., as in(to).
(a) Herod gert Johnne in presone caste; Leg. S. xxxvi. 333.
Betwene the chapellis [sal be] guteryt with hewyn stane to cast the watir owte; 1387 Edinb. Charters 35.
Thir spycery brayde be thaim self … castis out vennome; c 1420 Liber Calchou 451.
The yhettis … off the towne thai gert wp cast; Wynt. viii. 1810.
As drede … gerris a person cast downe the hede, and luke to the erde; Hay II. 45/22.
Syne Deid castis up his ȝettis wyd; Dunb. lxix. 36.
Quhair ony baxsteris hes … ony quheit liand to grynd and will nocht cast on and grynd the samyn; 1531 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 55.
Sum castis the tabill to the ground; Rolland Seven S. 4833.
Cast nocht our oft Ȝour speir in to the reist; Balnavis Bann. MS. 138 b/13.
Ȝe can tak no rest Quhill thay kast vp all four; Scott xxxiv. 64.
You, deliuerit of ane wyfe, castis your self in the samyn nette; Buch. Wr. 57.
(b) He … kist his hud done oure his face; Leg. S. xxiii. 269.
Tha twa wyld bestys … Kest downe amang thare lymmys lawe Thare hedys; Wynt. v. 176.
He kest twa creillis on ane capill; Rauf C. 365.
With that the cok … Kest vp his beik; Henr. Fab. 460.
In fewtir kest a fellone aspre sper The knycht Fenweik; Wall. iii. 168.
The scheld in counter he kest our his cleir weid; Gol. & Gaw. 950.
Alsone as this ȝoung squyer kest his speir in to his reist to ryn; Myll Spect. 294/23.
Al thai of Troy … Kest vp the portis; Doug. ii. i. 26.
I … kest on clathis thryn fald; Ib. vii. Prol. 95.
Than the king kest abak his handis; Bell. Boece II. 298.
He keist hime in to presone vnto he suld pay it; Gau 60/13.
First doun thay kest Moyses Pentateuchon; Rolland C. Venus iv. i.
Than sat he doun, and kest abak his hude; Freiris Berw. 349.
Sa at schort that image doun he kest; Rolland Seven S. 5009.
[He] keist her down by the way; 1574 St. A. Kirk S. 398.
Sua … he caist him [self] in the kingis gait; Pitsc. I. 104/18.
The vther tua … kaist vp the windowis; 1581 Bann. Memor. 336.
[The] regentis … kest wp the colledge yettis; Spalding I. 151.
(e) The gouernour … tuik him with his brother and cust thame baith in presoune; Pitsc. I. 26/10.
The hors … cust down his head, … and his heid going down, he lopes the supersault; Melvill 259.
The said Dauid … kwist hir doun and hett hir thrie straikis; 1602 Shetland Sheriff Ct. i b.
He … kuist her backeward to the ground; 1629 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. III. 229.
He also melted lead and cust it throw the bowles of ane pair of cheiris thrie sindrie tymes; 1633 Orkney Bp. Ct. 86 b.
That Thomas Moses cuist John Cleg bak over; 1648 Peebles B. Rec. 385.
(c) That all the glut … In tymys mycht be castyne downe; Wynt. iv. 84.
The barnis credill was cassyn owre; Seven S. 441.
With curches, cassin thame abone; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 23.
Scho … was cassin in presoun, quhare scho sone eftir decessit; Bell. Livy I. 17/25.
Euin thame quha had … cassin out deuilis in His name; Winȝet I. 75/14.
The hoill christellingis suddantlie was cassin doun to the eird and brokin; Leslie 179.
The aith beand takin and the cot [= coat] castin on; Lindesay MS. 40 b.
Gif King Ozias … died miserablie, cassin out of the hous of the lord; 1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. 45.
Yettis are cassin wp, in gois thir covenanteris; Spalding I. 158.
b. fig. To put or bring in; to introduce.
The said Peter to bring his witnesses to prove his libel casten in; 1579 Perth Kirk S. 238.
New disturbances were cassin in to reuerse all that wes done in the conference; 1618 Misc Spald. C. II. 161.
3. To throw off, discard, get rid of.
With that he kest of his chemer; Barb. xvi. 601.
Scho castis of haill hir fresch array; Freiris Berw. 228.
Thay raikit baith to rest … And of thair armour kest; Scott ii. 84.
Ȝe plesand paun & papingaw Cast of ȝour blyithlyke cullour; 1570 Sat. P. xv. 38.
Tak on thairfoir thy doulfull weid, Cast of thy proud & staitlie hewis; Maitl. Q. lxxvi. 20.
With that me thocht hir nicht-gowne of sche cuist; Montg. Suppl. 218. xxi. 9.
Considering the yoke … of the Roman Antichryst is cassin of; 1609 Hume 177/410.
4. To cast out of the body, esp. at the mouth; to vomit. Also absol.
A fowle padow at the laste, He keste, that wes laythe to se; Leg. S. ii. 771.
Owt at his mouth thai gert hym cast That paddog with a blob off blude; Wynt. v. 622.
Tak a vomyt of water and vinager, or othir wayis to ger thé cast; Hay II. 124/15.
Thow spewit, and kest out mony a lathly lomp; Kennedy Flyyt. 462.
Scho ȝeild … at baith the endis Till scho had cassin [Ch. castin] a cuppill of quartis; Lynd. Sat. 4355 (B).
Scho castis furth the watter that scho swalleis; Lindesay MS. 30 b.
5. To throw down, off, or away.
Coryne … had grete lykyng To cast thai carlys in werslyng; Wynt. i. 340.
Gif … a man … will cast his gage of bataill; Hay I. 262/3.
Ane Norman … had sic craft in wersling, that he kest all men that assailyeit him; Bell. Boece II. 355.
Thay kest harnes and wapynnys in the flycht; Boece ix. iv. 293 b.
My awin grey mair that kest me; Peblis to Play 176.
To ga he wes agast, For he affeird … His cursour suld him cast; Scott ii. 167.
Sir Presbyter, ye spur Your speavie mear too fast, … Your covenant she'll cast; a 1700 Bk. Pasquils 271.
fig. Sanct Peter kest bot litill thing to serf Ihesu, bot he rewardit him richely; Irland Asl. MS. I. 53/15.
For so wes love by blind effectioun cast; Maitl. Q. lxxv. 15.
Rou custe the vsurie hard be the beuch; 1581 Sat. P. xliv. 127.
b. To throw overboard from a vessel.
Na gudis vnder the ourlop [are] to scot nor lot with tha gudis in case thai be castin; 1467 Acts II. 87/1.
For certane merchandis … quhilk wes tynt and cassin before Coldinghame; 1508 Treas. Acc. IV. 140.
Gif … mastis be hewin, or gudis be castin, … the ship and gudis sall be taxt at the ship's price; Balfour Pract. 623.
Gif the samin [gudis] beis cassin; Bisset II. 205/23 [= 1467 above].
c. To drop (an anchor). Also with doun.
Thai … Kest down thar bewchit ankyrris … Into the raid; Doug. v. xiv. 92.
The Inglis shippes come to the raid of Leyth, quhair thay kest thair anckeris; Leslie 282.
He sayis to his wyfe, goe reid whair I caist my first ancre; Bann. Trans. 426.
Quhair thrie ȝeirs, her anker being castne, sche had stayed; Dalr. I. 61/28.
One of the waughters had caussin anker in thair raid; 1616 Melrose P. 257.
d. To lose or drop (a shoe).
The kingis hors quhilk kest ane scho at the Ballach; 1504 Treas. Acc. II. 442.
e. In passive, of a ship: To be wrecked.
[The ships] sine were cast for all their brags and bost; Hume vii. 91.
Quhilk schipe was cassine away and lost at Brunteilland herbrie; 1653 Edinb. Test. LXVII. 13.
6. To throw down by demolition.
(a) He … gart cast all the wallys down Off Babilone; Wynt. iv. 271.
Thow sall gere cast Downe the templys; Ib. v. 2837.
That thai cast doune and remove … housis biggit apon our wal; 1472 Edinb. Chart. 135.
In entent to cast the cite dovn; Fyve Bestes 315.
The assys deip … Down dyd thai cast; Doug. xi. v. 63.
It salbe leful to the … ballies to cast doun the saidis waist landis; 1540 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 104.
Ȝit every man … suld not cast doun the place quhilk he thynkis falteis; 1553 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 147.
(b) Thare all thare templys he kest downe; Wynt. iv. 569.
The gret byggynys it kest downe; Ib. 1414.
James the secund kest dovne the castell of Inuerawyne; Asl. MS. I. 243/19.
Thay kest downe the wallis thairof onto the ground; Bell. Boece I. 123.
God … cuist doune Sodoma and Gomorra … with brontstaine and fyre; Hamilton Cat. 92.
[Certain] cietineris of Brechine … crewelly strak and dang thame, … and thaireftir keist thair houssis doune; 1563 Crim. Trials I. i. 431.
This maister of Craufurd … keist doun mony of thair houses in Angus; Leslie 19.
They … keist doun the barmekine; Ib. 92.
He … saigeit the castell of Norhame and gat it, quhilk he kest doun; Diurn. Occurr. 3.
They … passit to the Grayfreiris and Blakfreiris … and caist thame all done; Pitsc. II. 146/32.
Quhen he keist downe the falds of Cabrastone; 1595–6 Misc. Spald. C. V. 62.
(c) Eftyr Troyis destructyowne And the cyte castyn downe; Wynt. ii. 1584.
The castelle … Wes tretyd to be castyn down; Ib. vii. 2450.
Housis biggit apon our wal … , the quhilkis ar nedefull to be castin doune; 1472 Edinb. Chart. 135.
Kynclewin was brvnt, brokyn, and castyn doun; Wall. v. 485.
The castell was castin dovn be erll Willam of Douglas; Asl. MS. I. 234/8.
As gyff the closure of the wyne-ȝarde be castin doun; 1558 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 145.
Quhen the Frenchmen haue castne doune the walis; Dalr. II. 310/10.
The balk and passage … to be sichtit and castin doun; 1634 Peebles Gl. 163.
(b) That Dyane … suld Cristis kirk … Ger don thru hyr cassine be; Leg. S. v. 301.
Eftir Troyes distructioun And all the towres. cassyn [v.r. cassen] doun; Troy-bk. ii. 1182.
The tovne of Tyre That was … wtterly distroyit & cassyn dovn; Fyve Bestes 298.
Thair said cruvis [sall be] cassin downe and destroyit with all rigour; 1542 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 111.
The towre … Was cassin doun … throw wilynes; Rolland Seven S. 5502.
I se ȝour tempillis cassin downe and reuin; 1572 Sat. P. xxxiii. 191.
Ane miln … in Widefurd, … aught to be demolishit and casin down; 1595 Orkney Rentals ii. 21.
Ther houses to be cassin doune; 1614 Misc. Spald. C. V. 218.
The samyn [dike] to be cassin doun and demolischit; 1640 Elgin Rec. I. 268.
b. To fell (timber).
Agricola … causit craftismen cast tymmer in the nerrest wod and secretlie jone ane brig; Boece iv. xvi. 151.
7. To direct (the eyes, look, etc.), esp. up or down.
He with that kist vpe the sicht; Leg. S. i. 573.
Sa dois the stelin hat [ger] the knycht cast doune his eyne; Hay II. 45/24.
On cais I kest on syd myne e; Henr. III. 127/5.
I cast on him a crabbit E; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 227.
So keik I … , and castis kynd lukis To knychtis; Ib. 454.
Hyr vissage down scho kest for schame adred; Doug. iii. v. 75.
His eyn … towart the wallys he kest; Ib. xii. xi. 124.
Asyd to him sche caist ane fremmit E; Freiris Berw. 426 (M).
The Empreour … , with browis casting doun, Saying to him [etc.]; Rolland Seven S. 7480.
She cwist hir eyes vnto the highest heaven; Fowler 88/57.
Vpon this nymph fra that scho caist hir ei; Montg. Misc. P. li. 21.
John Ruid confessed that he did kast up hes ey and said it was bloodrune; 1661 Elgin Rec. II. 298.
8. To send out, emit (light, odour, etc.); to throw (a shadow); to send up a shout, etc.
(1) The ruby skyes … Kest beriall bemes on emerant bewis grene; Dunb. G. Targe 39.
A wod abufe … castis a plesand schaddow our the clewis; Doug. i. iv. 18.
The tallownyt burdis kest a pikky low; Ib. ix. ii. 97.
Baith atanys kest fragrant smell; Ib. xii. Prol. 125.
Ane roittin tre, the quhilk siclike caist lycht As dois a sterne; Stewart 32089.
Of stone and perle the bordour caist ane light; Clar. v. 112.
(2) The king vnto Criste kest vp ane cry; Gol. & Gaw. 953.
A fellon bray and huge schowt vp he kest; Doug. iii. x. 32.
9. To perform by leaping or bounding.
He bad gallandis … kast vp gamountis in the skyis; Dunb. xxvi. 11.
Castand galmoundis, with bendis and beckis; Lynd. Compl. King 181.
While ky kest caprels behind with their heeles; Montg. Flyt. 509.
10. To turn over, turn up (a book or passage).
Weile couth he cast the bukis of decres; Fyve Bestes 179.
Sa the Assise … Kest buikis like beis in all proces of law; Rolland Ct. Venus iii. 927.
Castand vp the bukis of sum auncient Fatheris; Winȝet I. 27/10.
I was … casting up at adventur a chapter to reid; 1648 Hope Diary 146.
11. To fire (a gun); to strike (a person).
To gar mak beil fyris and cast gunnys for novelteis of the triumph; 1515 Treas. Acc. V. 47.
James Maben deponis he. saw him cast hir on the scalpe; 1608 Melrose R. Rec. I. 62.
II. 12. a. To drop, give birth to.
[The foals] castyn syne are qwyk gangand; Wynt. i. 1043.
To be ane stude to cast ma folis; 1570 Buch. Wr. 31.
Thow ceist ane barrall of makis furth of the weym; thow castis bot kitlyngis and nocht childeryng; 1571 Elgin Rec. I. 127.
b. intr. Of bees: To throw off a swarm.
Forth of their skepps some raging bees, Lyes out and will not cast; Hume iii. 150.
13. To take (peats or turf) out of or off the ground by digging.
See also dovat, fale, fewall, pete, turf.
(a) Thair aw na man … cast turwis in our foirsaid moir; 1410 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 30.
The nychtburris of Pebillis sal haf fredom … to cast turris and pwl hedder; 1461 Peebles B. Rec. 139.
To pul hadyr and cast turffis; 1476 Ib. 177.
The said Wilȝame sall cast & wyn xxx crellis of pettis betuex and the next Lammes; 1509 Prestwick B. Rec. 41.
Quhare we … castis scherettis … to sustene our liffis in the winter; Bell. Boece II. 322.
That na personis kast peittis nor turfis upon the mur bot for meit and fe; 1542 Lanark B. Rec. 19.
It sall nocht be lesum to ony freman to cast in the yeir mair nor twa daywerk of turfis; 1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 17.
Castand his peittis, mawand his medowes, and delfand his eard of the … landis; Bisset I. 314/16.
The haill auld toun people did cast thair fewall in the touns commontie; 1644 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 33.
Petes and fyre wes veray scars, throw want of seruandis to cast and win thame; Spalding I. 201.
Such of them [sc. peats], as are cast downwards from top to bottom, are … brittle; 1683 Coll. Aberd. & B. 103.
Having … caused cast my kain peats in the moss properly belonging to me; 1698 Maxwell Lett. 347.
(b) Iohnne Forret grauntit … that he keist nocht the turffis be na title of richt; 1516 Fife Sheriff Ct. 42.
Thow passit to the lone of Bogloch, and keist a grene truff or scherard; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I. 143.
(c) The south syd of Balnamonismyr … occupeit be pettis castin be Symon Banerman; 1495 Liber Aberbr. 289.
The said induellaris … hes castin batht pettis [and] turffis; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 107.
Anent the mairches that our men had castene turfs [on]; 1634 Peebles Gleanings 171.
To lead away the peats quhich I had casten in my own ground; 1698 Maxwell Lett. 348.
(b) The said [persons] … has … pasturit thair guidis and cassin fewill … quhair nay guids war pasturit nor feuil cassin of before; 1539 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 359.
[To] fens and arest all peittis, turves, quhilk ar cassing within the said boundis; 1588 Lanark B. Rec. 93.
The men off Inuernes … hes cassin peitts and towrves in our boundis; 1618 Fam. Rose 308.
For ewrie load of peitis cassin and to be cassin befoir Michaelmes; 1652 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 133.
b. intr. To engage in digging.
Thir ar the expensis and vncostis to the men that kest abowte the schype; 1494 Treas. Acc. I. 249.
Payit … to xv men to cast the space of xv tydis about the schip; 1534 Ib. VI. 234.
Thare gret fortres than did thay founde, And kaiste tyll thay gat souer grounde; Lynd. Mon. 1700.
Thai that wes with him … kist, bot fand na thing; 1601 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 184.
Persons … fund gultie of casting with foot spades … in meadow ground; 1664 Forbes Baron Ct. 246.
c. To dig up, excavate; to clean out with the spade.
(a) To the monk that castis the gardin; 1497 Treas. Acc. I. 364.
Greit was the work to houke the ground, & thy fundatioun cast; Maitl. Q. lxviii. 90.
Cuntrie men qua leifis thair malingis, and cumis heir to duell, … and castis thair commoun; 1612 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 324.
The thesaurer to caus cast Edderstoun burne, lying to the commoun loaning; 1656 Peebles B. Rec. II. 35.
To John Young for casting the stank and stobing the treds dyck; 1670 Glasgow Weavers 83.
Ane bank to be beat that no persones cast the greines of the cattaills herefter; 1670 Elgin Rec. I. 313.
(b) The men that kest the gayt at the Barwod to the gunnis; 1489 Treas. Acc. I. 116.
Payit to viij men that kost the lang stank on the syde of the North Loch; 1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 283.
(c) For that caws the mwr of Bathil … was not castine; c 1563 Reg. Panmure I. xxxii.
The … counsell ordanis the gote betuix the Lytill Grene and the land endis of St. Tenochis croft to be cassin; 1610 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 313.
The counsell appoyntis the welheid to be cassin and set about with stanes or staikes; 1657 Lanark B. Rec. 159.
The saids calseys are presentlie to be repaired and the ditches casten; 1669 Aberd. Chart. 271.
d. To form (a trench, etc.) by digging.
(a, b) To Robert Jameson, to cast the greit schippis dok in the Dublar; 1513 Treas. Acc. IV. 464.
Thai war commandit to cast ane brade and profound foussy; Boece vii. ii. 223 b.
Mr Thomas Gaderar, … complenit vpon Robert Mawar for cassin ane stank upon ane taill pertynyng to the said Mr Thomas; 1541 Elgin Rec. I. 64.
(b) Jacques Gelliam, … The gabiounes makand, kaist the trinschis neir; 1573 Sat. P. xxxix. 79.
Taking ane spaid and schule, [he] caist hollis in the sand to have buried him; 1611 Crim. Trials III. 131.
To Iohn Smith and twa men … that cuist and laid the sink fyve dayis; 1613 Mun. Univ. Glasg. III. 564.
Nixt they began to cast ditches … and keist deip ditches … about the hill; Spalding I. 142.
(c) With fowseis braid … That cassin war that tyme on euerilk syde; Stewart 20601.
It is wallit weill abowt with stane, And dowbill stankis castin mony ane; Freiris Berw. 10.
1580 [see Cast n. 7].
It wilbe necessour for the convoying of the said water that seuchis and ditches be cassin; 1621 Acts IV. 632/2.
1676 [see Cast n. 7].
That for the right improveing of the said moss ther be ane stank casten; 1689 Rec. Old Aberd. I. 149.
e. To furnish (with a ditch) by digging.
That littill peice of land … stankit about and castin with ane stank; 1617 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 686.
14. To take in (grain) from the field; to house.
Vmfray Murray … tuk, intromettit withall and kest in a stak of beire and had away the sammyn; 1479 Acta Aud. 94/2.
[That he should] cast in [his corn in due time]; 1573 Prot. Bk. G. Grote 87.
I leue to the laird of Newhall … foure bollis quheit to be takin vp quhen it is castin in; 1581 Edinb. Test. IX. 192.
The saids Robert and his brethir … cuist in ane peis stak standing in the barneyaird thairof; 1585 Reg. Privy C. IV. 38.
b. To thresh or winnow (grain); to turn over in order to air.
I haue castin of aitis als mekill as is ane chalder of meile; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 106.
The cornes weill stakit began to mothe and rot whill they war cassin over agane; Spalding I. 81.
15. To draw out; to arrange or form; to cast on (a knot, etc.); to carry out.
Ane [scheld] … I beheld … Quhilk cassyn be cognoscence quarterly was; Howlat 417.
The pepill … kest ane range on raw the woid within; Henr. Fab. 1512.
The plouers … cuist there furrous long; Fowler 311/10.
Nickniven with hir nymphis … Quhais cwnning consistis in casting a clew; Montg. Flyt. 405 (T).
I can not chuse; my kinsh is not to cast; Montg. Son. xxxvii. 7.
Ane … squair crinell to be caseine out withe corbellis, seirges, and galconmowthis; 1639 Thanes of Cawdor 284.
For teaching the bairns to wryt, casting them copies, and squaring ther bookes; 1689 Foulis Acc. Bk. 116.
16. To cast in a mould.
To the man that castis the chameris to the brassin gun; 1496 Treas. Acc. I. 285.
To the furnesing and casting of ane gret canoun … cassin this day; 1511 Ib. IV. 278.
The said Thomas had cassin diuerse vtheris of the saidis irnis; 1564 Crim. Trials I. 441.
Sewin cannonis … , cassin be Robert Borthik the maister gounar; Pitsc. I. 259/24.
Of brokin siluer cassin and meltit xiiij vnce weycht; 1587 Edinb. Test. XVIII. 108.
That there be ane taxation … to pay the charges of the bell that was casten in Holland; 1633 Falkirk Par. Rec. I. 78.
That the … sputtis of leid of the kirk be all lifted, of new casting, and laid agane; 1638 Aberd. Univ. Rec. 410.
To the boyes that cuist the bulletts for thair expeditioun; 1650 Peebles B. Rec. 422.
III. 18. To turn over in the mind; to consider; to devise or plan.
(a) In till hys thowcht ay wald be cast Efftyr-hend hys statis all; Wynt. vi. 1004.
Dame Em … Be slycht gert cast this jwperty; Ib. 1740.
Cast all thair counsailis ilkane till othir in thy mynde; Hay II. 147/32.
For in the houre of ded the deuill wvll cast mony wrenkis of falsait; Cr. Deyng 59.
Ane bodie that hes neid, To help thame self suld mony wayis cast; Henr. Fab. 2839.
I rede we cast ws betuene How best is to done; Gol. & Gaw. 323.
Compasand & castand cacis a thousand, How he sall tak me; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 124.
Dreding les the Troianys wald … kast sum way for hir distructioun; Doug. ii. x. 22.
Cast thy consate be counsale of the sage; Scott i. 33.
Thay sussy not for schame, Nor castis nocht quhat cumis syne; Ib. xxxiv. 78.
Cast weill thy cours; thow hes ane kittill cure; Maitl. F. clxxvii. 22.
absol. This warld all ouir I cast about; Dunb. lxix. 13.
(b) Schir Rolland … in hart kest Quhat that suld betakin; Rauf C. 402.
Knawlage to get thai kest a sutell cace; Wall. xi. 354.
Wallange … kest in his entent, Quhat man thar was [etc.]; Ib. 792.
Deianira for Venus saik kest wayis Hir lufe [to] distroy; Rolland C. Venus iii. 223.
I … Kest in my mynd … That she bad me [etc.]; Id. Seven S. Prol. 57.
b. To forecast, anticipate. Also intr.
Ȝouthede can no perellis cast; Gud Wyf & D. 99.
Thai cast na perell of before; Thewis Wysmen 435.
Ȝouthheid no way that can no perrell cast; Stewart 16899.
He sall nevir schaip to sayle the se, That for all perrils castis; Montg. Ch. & Slae 524.
c. To reckon up, to count; to estimate or assess.
Cast all thir generatyownys … Off Brws and Ballyoll; Wynt. viii. 1441.
Kingis & knichtis in company Vncountit curiously vp I kest; Makc. & Gray MSS. 55.
At the instance of party the schireffis foirsaid gert cast wp the said inquest … of the quhilkis the names followis; 1517 Fife Sheriff Ct. 68.
Na stent to be cassen quhille the portes be beget; 1570 Lanark B. Rec. 50.
The judge ordaines the birlaymen … to cast one the skaith proportionallie; 1684 Corshill Baron Ct. 169.
1688 [see Cast n. 9].
19. To apply (oneself, one's mind, etc.) to something. Also in p.p.
Our antecessowris … We lat ourslide … And castis ws euir till vthir besynes; Wall. i. 4.
Thai … renkis … Kest thame with gude will to do vthir skaith; Rauf C. 822.
Than suld I cast me to keik in kirk and in markat; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 81.
As thay had bene sicker of victory, thay stragulit fra thair fallowis, cassin to spulye; Bell. Boece I. 239.
He kest [v.r. keist] him to recounsell him agane to the favoure of his pepill; Id. Livy I. 63/13.
Sen thir nimphis of honour To pleis Venus kest all thair appetite; Rolland C. Venus iii. 233.
Ȝow to distroy, he castis him euer mair; Id. Seven S. 1552.
Waryit woman that ay castis thy ingyne Thy awin marrow euer to put to pyne; Ib. 2063.
Cast ȝow to conqueis luve ane vthir kynd; Scott iii. 4.
Cast ȝow for to cum ane vthir day; Ib. 27.
The Erle of Douglas cuist him selff for to be stark aganis the king; Pitsc. I. 89/14.
The … cardinall cuist his ingyne to get the governour … bound to his counsall; Ib. II. 51/18.
Scho kaist her to wrake baith France and Scotland with deidlie feid; Dalr. II. 396/14.
That they may cast thame with all thair intent to observe … the samin [lawes]; Bisset I. 83/12.
b. intr. To set oneself (to do something).
Of the quhilk vij dayis … I cast to commoun; Asl. MS. I. 299/22.
For so thai kest thair tyme to occupy; Doug. K. Hart 21.
With feistis fell … This cumlie court thair King thai kast to keip; Ib. 82.
Now onlye to reioys thay cast, and sorrowis all forget; Maitl. Q. lxxx. 15.
20. To put or bring in or into a certain state. Also with pred. adj. as lous, waste.
The venome … castis a man in to the agw; c 1420 Liber Calchou 450.
Than had I cassin in cair mony kene knight; Gol. & Gaw. 1108.
Ȝe may persaue that thay haue bene … All cassin into curage clene [etc.]; Rolland Seven S. 487.
My conscience kest me euer in cair; G. Ball. 47.
Which mycht … haue cassin me in dispair; Bann. Memor. 75.
My state can neuer change … Thus castin in my lukelesse lotte; James VI Lusus R. 37.
That I am cassin clene in cair, And confortles; Montg. Suppl. 205/5.
All the people were cassin sa louse, and were become of sic dissoluit myndis; Hist. Jas. VI 85.
The parrell of these gentilmen, … too rakleslie cassin in that danger; 1614 Highland P. III. 171.
To declair … quhow thay ar fallin or casin in this troubill; Ib.
[They] resoluis be force of armes ather to recover thair awin kyndlie possessionis, or vtheruayes to cast the samen waste; Spalding I. 4.
That the disipline of the kirk was much weakned and almost castin loose; 1646 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 70.
If they had been forced to pay greater duties, the lands would have been casten waste; 1662 Decis. Lords G. 42.
21. To cast (a person, etc.) off, away, down, out of some state, relationship, etc.
Benait [was] agayne put up, and sone agayn castin down; Hay I. 23/15.
Quhen the sone of king Salomon … was castin out of his lordschip; Ib. I. 294/27.
All sik folyis … castis men of Goddis grace; Ib. II. 64/10.
Wariand off my weckit kyn, that me away cast To sic a craudoune; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 214.
Nebuchodonozer … wes cassin from his impyre as ane best; 1559 Misc. Spald. C. IV. 89.
Casting of lytill and lytill the Erle of Murray; Buch. Wr. 45.
Gyf all … was compted idolatrie, and thairfore aucht to be castin avay; 1580 Hay in Cath. Tr. 65/2.
Holie days have bein castin out of our kirk; 1619 Misc. Bann. C. I. 202.
The Lord … neuer coost him off; Boyd Last B. 89.
James erll of Moray thair maister had cassin them out of thair kyndlie possessions; Spalding I. 3.
22. To cast, direct, or inflict (something) on another. Also with to.
And [= if] the ta part cast gage of bataill on the tothir; Hay I. 286/31.
This maid … kest sic a delectatioun on to hir fader; Myll Spect. 284/24.
Natur did mis sic folk apone me cast; Doug. K. Hart 600.
To the quhilk Hew the said Cristiane cast sic favour that sche wald marye nane vther; Maitland Hist. Ho. Seton 33.
The saidis … , throw thi witchecraft cassin on tham, … drownit tham selffis; 1596 Misc. Spald. C. I. 86.
Any such deed … was casten upon those whose principles led them to disoun the King's authority; 1684 Erskine Journal 94.
24. To reject or oppose as illegal or improper; to annul.
Sum castis summondis, and sum exceptis; Dunb. xiii. 29.
He him bethocht … to get sum aduocat expert, Wald Venus court retreit, cast, or conuert; Rolland C. Venus ii. 5.
Be the pratick and order of Scotland the sowmondis was cassin; Pitsc. I. 225/20.
The brieve may be cassin, as nulle, and of nane availl; Skene Reg. Maj. 11.
Gif he may not cast the breive be any exception; Ib. 89.
He may cast the proces; Ib. 104.
Fentrie's commissione is sustained by the Committee, but many others casten; 1678 Red Bk. Grandtully III. 239.
To object against a witness in our law, is called to cast a witness, or to set him; Mackenzie Laws & C. 529.
25. To show repugnance at something.
Let your soul … cast at all things and disdain them, except one only; 1632 Rutherford Lett. (1862) I. 91.
When they have … casten at his ordinances; a 1665 Guthrie Serm. 25 (J).
26. To rake up as a matter of reproach.
[No one was] to speak ill of the dead or to cast up their demerits; 1604 Hist. Glasgow (1881) 149.
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Cast v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 14 Dec 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/cast_v>
Try an Advanced Search