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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
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Double, Dowble, adj. Also: doubil(l, -ile, -el, doubbill; dowbil(l, -yll, -ile, dowbell; doybill, dobell, -yll. [ME. double, dowble (14th c.), OF. double. See also Duble a.]

1. Twofold; combined as two of the same kind.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi. 1124.
Herod … tholit than the double deide Of lif & saule
c1420 Wynt. iv. 822.
Thai nane to dede gave doubill dynt
Ib. v. 3598.
[It had] Neyssys twa, wyth doubill chyn
1456 Hay I. 153/26.
Thareto I ansuere in double wis
1469 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 419.
Deliuerande agan to me … the saidis letteris of procuratury in dovbill forme
1490 Irland Mir. 93/12.
In this persone … is funde this hie meryt infinit … , and that the doubile way
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 263.
Be dragonis baitht and dowis, ay in double forme
1549 Compl. 28/21.
Ane ox that repungnis the brod of his hird, he gettis doubil broddis
1562-3 Winȝet II. 18/15.
On double manere suld he … strenthe his fayth
1576 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. 19 b.
Quha evere of payd seruandis … that feis thame selfs with doubill maisters … sall sit x dayis in the lang gaid
(b) 1375 Barb. iv. 236.
Thai mak ay thair ansuering In-till dowbill vndirstanding
c1420 Wynt. v. Prol. 41.
Off this dowbyll governale The grettast is the spyrytuale
Ib. v. 3603.
Dowbyll wyt … In to that barne apperand wes
c1450-2 Howlat 588.
Of a kynde colour thre coddis I kend, With dowble tressur about
a1500 Henr. III. 142/53.
Within ane hude he hes ane dowbill face
1513 Doug. iii. iii. 62.
Onone he knew … of our clan the dowbill stok
Ib. viii. ii. 30.
Twa galeis … With dowbill raw of ayris on athir syde
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 754.
With dowbyll deith than sall thow de
a1568 Scott xxxiv. 103.
It is ane dowbill vyce To bring the Devill on loft
1567 Sat. P. ii. 3.
Dowbell addulltre hes all this land schamit
1622-6 Bisset II. 251/5.
Sic personis as makis dowbill conditioun, and hyris theme selfis to twa sindrie maisteris

b.Composed of, making up, two of a kind. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 239.
Ane wane … beside ane riveir, With doubill dykis … drawin our all
1513 Doug. i. xi. 102.
The dowbill vrsys weil couth he decern
1529 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 395.
Ane substantious brig … with pillaris pendis doubill brasis battaling and cawseis
a1540 Freiris Berw. 10.
It is wallit weill abowt with stane, And dowbill stankis castin mony ane
a1585 Maitl. Q. lxviii. 21.
Of Pernassus the doubill toppis Ar nane but hes harde tell

c. Composed of two parts, pieces, strands, etc. c1460 Wisd. Sol. 563.
Wer is to brek a dowble raipe na a single
1502 Treas. Acc. II. 33.
For ane double countour bocht to the king
1517 Ib. V. 120.
For … ij double casis for the kingis chalmir
1532 Ex. Processes (Reg. H.) No. 5 (Elphinston v. Innes).
Ane dowble burdin dur with bandis and crukis of irne
c1540 Lynd. Kitteis Conf. 87.
Hois, and schone, with dowbill soillis
1563 Montgomery Mem. 197.
Ane dowbill dour at the entres of the said stair
1567 Fleming Q. Mary 505.
Of schiuine gold iiij doubil hankis
1616 Conv. Burghs III. 28.
The haill hesp to be fyue quarter long of doubell yairne
1669 Thanes of Cawdor 324.
[One] dozen dowble pypes

2. Twofold in amount. a. Of payments, etc. 1456 Hay I. 138/33.
I aw nocht to ask double payment
1480 Acta Conc. 63/1.
Takin of double malis of the said tennandis
1506 Peebles B. Rec. 200.
Thai sal pay dowble molter to the millaris
1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 264/2.
With power to tak up … the dowbill and singler avale of the said mariage
1544 Soc. Ant. II. 396.
Under the payne of ane unlaw the first falt and ane double unlaw the next falt
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5708.
Ȝe lordis … That ȝour pure tennantis dois oppres, Be gret gyrsome, and dowbyll maill
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xv. 67.
Regratouris that takkis doubill pay
1622-6 Bisset II. 236/30.
The victularis suld find … ressonabill coistis … , quhilk they sall tak up agane upoun dowbill prices

b. In other contexts. 1375 Barb. i. 5.
Than suld storys that suthfast wer … Hawe doubill plesance in heryng
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 490.
Syn is the caus … of dowble deordinacioun
Ib. 853.
With dowble dreid bere in memoriall That ferefull dome
1567 G. Ball. 139.
This is my sang, With doubill myrth and ioy amang
1562-3 Winȝet II. 27/18.
Quhais wickitnes I think worthy double hatrent

3. Of twice the usual thickness or size. (In various applications.)(1) 1490 Treas. Acc. I. 189.
For xxxij elne of blew and browne dowbill varyand tartar
1496 Ib. 292.
For ij elne of dowbil rede taffaty
a1586 Maitland Ho. Seytoun 39.
Blak doubill wourset
1589 Treas. Acc. MS. 157.
Blak veluet dowble pyle
(2) 1490 Acta Conc. 157/2.
That Lucas Brois sall restore … a double bannate
1513 Doug. vii. Prol. 90.
In dowbill garmont cled and wily coyt
1519 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II. 174.
Ane payr of dowbill woll blankatis
1528 Lynd. Dreme 72.
I dressit me … With dowbyll schone, and myttanis on my handis
c1552 Id. Mon. 4675.
With dowbyll clethyng frome the cald
1573 Sat. P. xxxix. 349.
In frost and snaw, quhen all the folkis ar fane With double bonattis for to hap thair brane
1585 Edinb. Test. XIV. 184.
Tuentie pair of doubill gluvis
1599 Treas. Acc. MS. 34 b.
Cambrige to be thrie dowble mutchis to weir vnder the vther mutchis
(3) 1494 Treas. Acc. I. 253.
For vc double buspikaris
1496 Ib. 293.
For ij dowbill platis of quhit irne to be gun chargeowris
1512 Ib. IV. 451.
For xxvic dowbill naill
1532 M. Works Acc. II. 34.
xvij pece of grete double aslar
1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 295.
For dowbill garroun naillis
1557–8 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 261.
For twa gryt dowble geistis to be the cluses to the mylnis
1587 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 284.
Thre dowbill rwif sparris to be chekis to the ledderis
1633 M. Works Acc. XXV. 25 b.
Sax dowble tries to the kingis boulhous
1680 Irvine Mun. II. 287.
For the sarking of the mill five hunder dobell plenshor [nails]
1696 Foulis Acc. Bk. 195.
For a double tree of 12 ell
(4) 1544 Treas. Acc. VIII. 304.
For carrege of v doubill barsis to Leith
1547 Ib. IX. 78.
To resave twa doubill falconis and to convey thame to Edinburght
1571 Ib. MS. 148.
Making of certane callaberdis to pas … dowbill and lsingill falcone bullettis
a1578 Pitsc. I. 251/28.
Quarter fallcouns, slingis, … and doubill doggis
1585 Rep. Elphinstone Mun. 23.
Tua dowbill falcouns lyand vpoun the eird
(5) 1579–1622 (see Catechis, Catechisme).

4. Of twice the usual value, importance, or quality. Also occas. double double.(1) 1496 Halyb. 103.
Item lent hys wyff … 6 Andris guldynnis and 6 dobyll ferrisyis
1567 Edinb. Test. I. 25 b.
Fyfteine dowbill ducattis, price of the pece thre pundis ten s.; … tua double double ducattis, price thairof fourtene pundis
1578 Ib. VI. 361 b.
Ane doubill doubill ducat price thairof nyne pund; … twa singill doubill ducattis price of the pece iiij l. x s.
1611 Balfour Ann. II. 37.
The … pice of golde, called the double croun, to passe at … shil. starling
1638 Baillie I. 46.
Upon the delyverie of these foure wreits, my Lord took instruments by a double peece in a notar's hand
c1650 Spalding II. 390.
He gives him out of his povche ane double angell
(2) 1520 Peebles B. Rec. 51.
All solempnit festis, dowble festis, Sondais and halydayis
(3) 1535 Stewart 38040.
Tha suld drink … Marche aill and also doubill beir
1617 Acts IV. 538/1.
Single and double aill to be brued in everie schyir

5. Deceitful, false. c1475 Wall. vi. 57.
Fortoune him schawit hyr fygowrt doubill face
Ib. 100.
This fals warld with mony doubill cast
1513 Doug. ix. Prol. 14.
Be nevir sle or doubill, nor ȝit our lyght
1522 Douglas Corr. 85.
I knaw … the fynes of the mann, and nayne mayre dowbyll in oure realme
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1228.
O dowbill deuill maist dangerus, God saue me fra thé
a1568 Scott xi. 11.
Gif ȝe be constant, trest, and trew, … Bot be ȝe fund dowbill, adew!
1571 Sat. P. xxvi. 162.
Thir letters … Quhilk dois declair his dowbill deids inding
a1585 Maitl. Q. xlviii. 149.
My dowbill deling be disdaine Acquyt, & pay me hame againe
1572 Ib. lxii. 5.
To heir thair realme blasonit … And men thairof as doubill tratouris demit

6. Comb. with beld, breistit, fald, forcastellit, foreslevit, gemmellit, handit, horsit, malit, nekkit, tungit, tuthit, ȝokkit. 1597 Edinb. Test. XXX. 45.
Nyne doubill beld saltfattis
1532 Treas. Acc. VI. 26.
Ane doublet to the king, double breistit and double foreslevit
?1438 Alex. ii. 7006.
Now doubill-fald it suld be quyte
1482 Edinb. Chart. 169.
The anchorage of ilk grete schip singill or doubill forcastellit
1563–4 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 190.
Twa pare lange bandis, doubill gemmellit for the durris of the saidis deskis
1562 6th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 647/2.
Sex stoppis of tin dowbill handit
16.. Hist. Kennedy 25.
He had ewer in his houshald xxiiij galland gentilmenne, doubill horssitt
1513 Doug. ix. xi. 92.
The dowbill malyt traste hawbrik
1511 Treas. Acc. IV. 198.
Tua double nekkit bonettis and tua single nekkit bonettis
a1500 Colk. Sow 74.
A dowble toungit counsalour
1513 Doug. i. x. 10.
Tyrrhanys dowbill tongit weill sche knew
1533 Gau 17/22.
Thay that ar doubel tungit, the quhilk sais ane thing now and sine ane oder thing
c1420 Wynt. v. 3597.
Twa mowthys dowbill-tuthyd wyth-in
1513 Doug. v. iii. 80.
The dowbill ȝokkyt cartis … of wer

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"Double adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Jan 2023 <>



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