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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).

Leve, v.1 Also: lev-, (leuu-,) lewe, levin; leiv(e, -w(e, leyve; leav(e, -we; live, -we, lyve; lave, -we, laive; liave. P.t. and p.p. levit, -yt, -yd, -ed, lewid, -yd, leivit, leaved; p.p. also lewine, also Leed and Leid (and for the common left, see Lefe v.1). [ME. læven, leave (c 1205), leve, leeve, p.t. levede (c 1300), -it (c 1400), p.p. leved (Cursor M.), also leven (14th c.), OE. lǽfan, p.t. lǽfde, p.p. lǽfed. Cf. Lefe v.1]

I. tr. 1. To leave (a widow, successor, property, good or bad reputation etc.) behind one at death. c1460 Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 283.
Ay levand thay gudis til ane othir quhilk louit hyme neuir in his lyf
a1500 Colk. Sow ii. 216.
Pure Adria wes Ȝoung faderles leuit
c1530-40 Stewart Bann. MS. 94 a/14.
That he levis thowsandis to his air
a1568 Pedder C. 63.
Ane gader-all coffe … leivis his sawle na gude commend
1562-3 Winȝet II. 21/2.
Leuand … an excellent forme and exemple to thair eftercummeris
c1575 Balfour Pract. 114.
The … heritabill tenent … leivand behind him a relict
a1578 Pitsc. I. 261/19.
Levand so small successioun behind him
1596 Dalr. I. 137/12.
Leiueng his sone … bot ȝoung
1611-57 Mure Hist. Row. 246.
Robert Bruce … liveing David his successour

2. To leave by testament: to bequeath; to direct or request by testament (that something be done, that a certain person be tutor to one's children, etc.); to leave one's death upon a person: see Lefe v.1 2.(1) 1489 Dunferm. B. Rec. 17.
v rudis of land … qwhilk Marione Thomsone lewit to the morne mes for hir sall
1567 G. Ball. 49.
My last will heir I leue to thé
1582 Edinb. Test. XI. 256.
I … leuis … my body … to be erdit in the hairt of the erth
1584 Ib. XIV. 116 b.
I leue my dochter … to be brocht vp vnder the handis of Archibald Inglis my gossop
1637 Brechin Test. V. 224 b.
I … lewis to … my brother sone my dressar cop almre
(b) a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxvii. 15.
I leiv to thee the hairt wes nevir fals About thy hals to hing
1643 Arch. Scot. IV. 229.
I leive tutrix to my eldest sone William, and to the rest of hir children, Elizabeth Logan my wyfe
(c) 1595 Edinb. Test. XXVIII. 16 b.
He leawis his said spous the saithous
1598 Brechin Test. I. 175.
The said Janat … be thir presentis leawes and dispones the heall guidis … to … hir brother sone
1637 Edinb. Test. LVIII. 132.(d) 1561 Sc. Ant. IX. 2.
Thairfore I laive my saull to the almychtie God
1602 4th Rep. Hist. MSS App. 526/2.
I laive to … my oy ane tablet
1603 Household Bk. M. Stewart 10.
I … lavis in legacie to … my oy, my goun of blak damas
1610 Logie Par. Hist. I. 66.
I lave [etc.]
(e) 1644 Edinb. Test. LXI. 86 b.
I liue in legacie to him my stand of … cloaths
(2) 1661 Black Sc. Witches 38.
Vnder God shoe is the cause of my death and I live it vpone her

3. To allow to remain in the same place or in existence, etc. = Lefe v.1 3. In the passive, to be left, to remain.(a) c1420 Wynt. ii. 391.
Thame behuvid at the last For tyll lewe ane wytht hym on nede, The lawe tyll pas hame
1456 Hay I. 155/14.
And suppos he raid on a better hors na I did, me think I suld nocht leve him his hors
1473 Reg. Cupar A. I. 199.
Levand a pairt of the mos in the grovnd
1515 Selkirk B. Ct. fol. 42.
James bade him leave the corn one the land
1570 Black Bk. Taymouth 429.
God leuuinge ws our heilthis, we will get geir enewche
a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS. No. 1502.
What ye leav leiv of the ill caill
1639 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 403.
Quhen they flee their scheip they leive the substance … of the skine on the bouk
1658 Melrose Reg. Rec. I. 202.
John Lithgow … hirds, feids, keipes and lawis his haill bestiall … upon thair ground
(b) a1400 Leg. S. i. 530.
The hunde thar rafe his clathis … And nathing levit on his body
Ib. vii. 687.
Thai lewyt hyre na thinge to ete
c1500-c1512 Dunb. iv. 62.
Allace! that he [Death] nought with ws lewit [: berevit] Schir Mungo Lokert of the Le
(c) 1375 Barb. v. 371.
Swa of thretty wes levit nane, Na thai war slane … or tane
a1400 Leg. S. xxix. 518.
Ȝet wes lewit hym [Job] a schele To schrape his scabbis rycht snel
c1420 Wynt. iii. 429.
That gyve sevyn harys off his hewyde War schawyn off, nane off thame lewyde [etc.]
c1475 Wall. v. 92.
xvi with him … Off all his men he had lewyt no ma
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi. 1165.
For-quhy thai that are hyme [sc. Herod] lewine Bryngis thame of sancte Johnn the ewine In tyme of ewinsang, & thare thai wak That nicht for sancte Jhonis sak

b. To allow to remain in the condition specified by a complement. = Lefe v.1 3 b. Also, to leave out, omit, and, to leave alone, have no dealings with. Cf. 5 d.(1) (a) 1375 Barb. iv. 608 (E).
He … thoucht to leve the fyre wnmaid
14.. Acts I. 26/2.
He may leve that lande unbyggit
1456 Hay I. 204/18.
Gif he levis it [sc. the consecrated wafer] untane for despising of the sacrament
1562-3 Winȝet I. 123/24.
And gif ȝe abolise all thing that is abusit, quhat thing sal ȝe leue nocht abolissit?
1582 Declar. Causis 24.
Leuand this countrey louse to be invadit
(b) 1572 Bann. Memor. 245.
Thai … sall not preis to lift up the saidis … cornis bot sall leive the same stakkit in heip
1584 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 415.
Our court leiwes nathing … unoffrit to satisfie hir M[ajestie]
1613 Southesk MSS. 14.
The gude pourpose … is so far proceided as I wald be sorie to leive it in longer suspense
1674 Banff Ann. II. 173.
To leive the samen [books] … in als good integritie as they are delyverit to him
(c) c 1587 Misc. Spald. C. III. 216.
I ualde be laith to leaue ony man in the myre that lippnit onlie to me
(d) c1590 Fowler II. 104/27.
I will not liue vnremembered Hiero of Syracuse
(e) c1590 J. Stewart 111/6.
He vill navayis ȝow lawe [: grave] In … paine
(b, c) a1400 Leg. S. vii. 679.
Nothire wes lewit in that towne Hwnde na catte … Vnhetyne [= uneaten]
Ib. xxviii. 392.
Lorde Jhesu Criste, I thank thé … for thu lewyt nocht me In-to na payne
c1420 Wynt. iii. 831.
Bot he gert all rawe be lewyde The twa handys and the hewide
a1500 Bk. Chess 558.
To rest the houshald all was gone That out of quyet levit was thair none
(2) 1551 Hamilton Cat. 99.
We may nocht … leive out thame that committis symony
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv. Prol. 123.
Live thir lyars and thair lawis allane

c. To leave alone, refrain from taking or handling. Also absol. c1420 Wynt. iv. 562.
Thare thow nowe may fynd thi fill, Drynk or lewe, quhethyr evyre thow wylle
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 88.
A foole will not leive his balop

4. a. To avoid or abstain from (certain action or conduct): cf. sense 8. Also absol. 1375 Barb. i. 247.
Yheyt has he [a thrall] nocht sa mekill fre As fre wyll to leyve or do That at hys hart him drawis to
Ib. vi. 349.
[Valour] Takis that is till vndirta And levis that is to leif
c1420 Ratis R. 312.
Archnes … Als weill leuis that suld be done As it that is nocht for to do
1456 Hay II. 151/30.
[A virtuous man will] leve evill vicis and flee evill company
absol. 1375 Barb. xii. 196 (E).
Giff yow thinkis speidfull that we Fecht, we sall; and giff ye will We leve, ȝour liking to fulfill I sall consent

b. To neglect, disregard, ignore, leave aside. c1420 Wynt. i. 633.
We sulde have … awe To leve hys byddyng and hys lawe
1456 Hay II. 64/34.
He dois evin as a juge that levis gude and suthfast witness led in a caus before him, and jugis agayn gude faythe
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 107.
He dois consaill and levis his wyll
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lvii. 17.
Sum at the mes levis all devotioun, And besey labouris for promotioun
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. clxxiv. 12.
Puir folk … Man leawe the law it is so lang in ending
a1585 Maitl. Q. lxxvi. 30.
O godis on me your yre than cast & leive my ladye at the last
1590-1 Bruce Serm. 9.
Quhat ever Christ commanded to be done … ye cannot leave a jote thereof but ye will pervert the hail actioun

c. To neglect or fall or to omit or forbear to do something. Also to leve behind that (one does something).(1) 1375 Barb. xv. 126 (E).
For the trew, he lewyt [C. lefit] nocht To set wachis to the castell
c1420 Wynt. i. 825.
In Ynd ar othir ferlyis sere That I lewe for to rekyn here
1456 Hay I. 75/18.
The king of Fraunce … wald leve na forbere to ger fulfill the said bataill
Ib. 113/24.
He is na … trew knycht that … levis to defend his lordis rychtis
1586 Cal. Sc. P. VIII. 505.
Leving to trubill your lordship wit onye longar lettir, I humblye tak my leiff
1588 Events Q. Mary & Jas. VI 53.
In the mid tym it [a rumour] leaves not to caus the puir catholikis to be the mair mislykit of heir
1608 Haddington Corr. 119.
Laiuing to trubel your lordship vith forder
(2) 1456 Hay II. 106/25.
Leve nocht behynd that in every grete citee of thy realme thou ordane gude placis gaynand for scolis

d. To pass over, refrain from relating or mentioning. c1420 Wynt. v. 4246.
[Of the Saxon conquest] The Brwte tellys opynly Thare-for I lewe now that story
1456 Hay I. 144/33.
Tharefore we leve sum part of oure resounis, to cum to the effect of oure mater the soner

e. To neglect to wear, leave off (a garment). c1420 Wynt. v. 1577.
He gave byddyng to thaim [nuns] ay, That thare wale ware na tyme lewyde, Than thai suld were it on thare hewyde

f. To leave by or aside. Lyvand by, = leaving aside, excepting, except. c1420 Ratis R. 1737.
As gryt ȝovthed has na knaving, Richt sa gret eild has tynt that thing That it eir knev: quhat is ther than, Lyvand by kynd, of ony man?

5. To leave (behind or behind one), to go away without or to fail to take with one. 1375 Barb. iii. 593.
The Erle off the Leuenax was … Lewyt behynd with his galay
Ib. viii. 277.
The cariage-men and the pouerale … Behynd [him] levit he al still
a1400 Leg. S. xvii. 252.
Thai … brocht the ta glufe and the rynge & levyt the todyre
Ib. xxxiii. 456.
He gert brandis of fyre bynde To brule it wes lewit be-hynde
?1438 Alex. ii. 416.
All that he nedit he with him brocht, To his intent he leued nocht
1611-57 Mure Misc. P. ii. 10.
Hir … smyles quho ever sies Must pairt … living behind thair herts

b. To go away from, depart from, quit; to desert, abandon. Also transf. 1375 Barb. iii. 324.
I mon soiourne, … Levys me tharfor
Ib. xvi. 9.
He hym levit with a gruching
a1400 Leg. S. xi. 279.
Heycht ws thar-for to lewe quytly Ȝour fare ydolis
Ib. xix. 344.
That pepule … lewyt the myrknes & com to lycht
Ib. xxvii. 1443.
To … lewe all warldis welth & keyne Reward in lestand lyf to wyne
14.. Acts I. 41/2.
Gif ony kemestaris levis the burgh to dwell wyth uplandys men
1456 Hay I. 114/21.
Thare may na man … leve the ost under the payne of dede
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 892.
Thame hed levir de na him to leaue
1531 Reg. Soltre 100.
And giff the said Robert passis fra his werk and lewis the saidis provest and college till ony oderis he sall content and pay [etc.]
a1578 Pitsc. I. 304. h. of ch.
Hou the gowernour tuik purpois to leive Scotland
1592 Acts III. 579/1.
Greit occasioun to prenteisis and servandis … vndewtifullie to leive thair maisteris
1596 Dalr. II. 386/15.
Leiueng the course of this lyfe tha pas to the heuinis
1600-1610 Melvill 57.
Mr. David Cuninghame, who leived Glasgw and the guid cause
1615 Highland P. III. 224.
I wow to God, or I liwe the contre, I … sall [etc.]
1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 209.
They wilbe forceit … to leive thair kirks
1636 Ib. II. 52.
To abandone and lewe the cuntry
1640 Ib. 254.
Many … hawe left the towne, and ma ar yit toleawe the towne
1668 Lauder Jrnl. 190.
To cause them leive the advantadge of the high ground and draw doune to the champagne countrey
transf. a1400 Leg. S. xxix. 40.
He that cesis nocht to syne Til that it lewis hyme
1456 Hay I. 229/4.
Set we the cas that the sekenes leve him
c1590 Fowler II. 118/8.
Feare … alwyes is before thy eyes, and the consideratioun of the same never leveth thé
1611-57 Mure Son. iv. 14.
Thy humblest servant, ewin till breath me liue

c. With complements of place or condition. Also fig.(1) (a) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 217.
Scho of the barne had dout To lewe it in the house alane
c1420 Wynt. viii. 4511.
That Scottis men suld thaim conway In till Ingland and thare thaim leve
a1500 Henr. Fab. 113.
Leuand this iowell law vpon the ground
a1578 Pitsc. I. 33/13.
Leaveand his familiaris and freindis with the King
1596 Dalr. II. 341/28.
He thairfor leiueng the Quene at Neoporte … intendis the hie way to Scotland
1604 Breadalbane Lett. 24 June.
Levand my cuntrey gardles at this present
(b, c) 1375 Barb. x. 460.
The layff that levit war vithout War tane or slane, forouten dout
Ib. XIV. 302.
Thai … fled … And levit … Weill mony of thar gud men ded
Ib. xviii. 501.
The King of Inglandis ger That he had levit in-to Biland
a1400 Leg. S. xxvi. 573.
As men that dissolat lewit war
c1420 Wynt. iii. 76.
Here in, gyve yhe hyd the hevid, Thare owt mon all the lave be lewyde
Ib. 207.
The lyown that he lewyde [: hevyde] Slayne
c1475 Wall. vii. 161.
It is lewyt at Corsbe, in the kyst Quhar thou it laid
1489 Treas. Acc. I. 117.
To Johne Hepburn, quhen the King com away fra Duchale and levit him thare
(2) fig. 1375 Barb. ix. 1 (E).
Now leve we in till the forest Dowglas … And turne we till the … King
c1420 Wynt. vi. 2155.
Ha, ha, frend, I leve thé thare in the discussion]
a1540 Freiris Berw. 131 (M).
In the toun I will him levin still … and turne agane I will To this fayr wyf
1549 Compl. 65/11.
My hart is leiuit on the land

d. To put into, or leave in, the specified condition, on one's departure: cf. 3 b. 1312 Facs. Nat. MSS. II. xix.
Dicti … Edmundus [etc.] … edificia … construi facient competencia que in fine termini sui sic dimittent edificata (gl. sal leue bigit]
1375 Barb. xiii. 24.
All the feild wes bludy levit
a1400 Leg. S. ii. 315.
And thar-with wanyste he away And lewit Nero in sic effray [etc.]
Ib. iii. 1104.
The fend … lewit the place full of stinke
c1420 Wynt. v. 2195.
He … gat hym wyttalle off the land, The towne for toleve abowndand
Ib. viii. 5540.
He … stall thare wattyr away haly, Qwhill all thare dykis war lewyd all dry
1596 Dalr. I. 165/16.
Thay leiue Angus bair
1600-1610 Melvill 628.
A most Chrystiane King, liveing our Kirk and reale in a settlit religioune and policie
1659 Forbes Baron Ct. 224.
To uphold such biging as they resauit … and to leiwe thaim in als guid estate as they fand thaim
1694 Galloway P. 18 April.
Lykewise [they are] to liave the houses sufficient at the isew of this take

e. To pass (a place), keeping it in a certain direction to one's course. 1603 Reg. Great S. 506/2.
Gang South towardis the kirk levand the dyk of the Massindew … on the west

f. To leave (oneself) behind, to overlook something. c1590 Fowler I. 109/145.
Sall I now lewe me behind or Ninus sall forgett?

6. To deposit or hand over (a thing etc.) or install (persons), to remain behind after one's departure; to leave (instructions); to leave (a mark on something). = Lefe v.1 6. c1420 Wynt. vi. 1404.
In hys graff wes sergis twa … and ane of tha Wes … at his hewyd, The tothire at hys fete wes levyd
Ib. viii. 6919.
Gret hostage thare levyd he
c1450-2 Howlat 777.
He couth cary the cowpe of the Kingis des, Syne leve in the sted Bot a blak bunwed
1456 Hay I. 148/34.
Me think ȝe suld nocht warne me leve, levand ane als sufficiand in my stede to do all that I aw to do
a1500 Lanc. 3303.
Thai levynge hyme the place
c1590 Fowler I. 269/10.
To liue a scorpions merk vpon your brow
Ib. II. 73/14.
A fresh and new alteratioun liueth alwayes ground to the building and interpryse of ane other
1630 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 338.
That they [merchants] sall leive the pryces of the waireis and money at Campheir … for us there
1636 Fam. Innes 225.
Lat them call in my name att Mr. Wm. Settone off Meldrum … .I schall laue derections by him
1661 Elgin Rec. II. 299.
She leawes a bisome in the bedd in her place

7. a. To relinquish, resign, demit (a possession or office) to (also with) another. c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1395.
[Ulysses] frome Troye is passed thiftfully And the palladinar levand To hys dere frend Dyomedes Inne-to the oost that still than wes
c1420 Wynt. iv. 964.
Levand all yhoure ost wyth me
1564–5 Rec. Earld. Orkney 275.
Quhowsone that scho mellis with ane man scho sall remvif fra the said place and laive the samin fre to hir sone
1565 Southesk MSS. 17.
His hows swld nocht be displinised of onythinge that wes therin, botleawe the same to the haris therof as it stuid

b. To refer or remit (a question, topic etc.) to (till) another. 1375 Barb. i. 259.
I leve all the solucioun Till thaim that ar off mar renoun
1456 Hay I. 149/31.
As to the resouns … I … levis thame to the heraris of this buke to dispute … quhilk thaim think … suld have the maistry
c1590 Fowler II. 10/15.
Leuand the rehearsel of thais vertewis quhair with ȝour lordship is adornit, to be decorit with gritter eloquence
1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 209.
Liveing that to some other whose pen shall fitter doe it hereafter

8. To cease, desist from, discontinue, give up (an activity, habit, enterprise etc.); to cease to be an adherent of (a religion etc.); also, to leave off.(1) (a) 1375 Barb. xvii. 519 (E).
Thai suld leve thair sege in hy And wend [etc.]
c1420 Wynt. iv. 2092.
And alkyne best hamly thare … Left that stablys, … Lewand thare auld hamlynes
1456 Hay I. 82/30.
Bot nocht forthy thai will nocht leve thair purpos
Ib. II. 136/17, 18, 19.
Gif a man thocht that wyne war our stark drynk till him, and he wald leve it and drynk no mare of it he suld nocht leve it at anys sudaynly, bot he sulde leve it lytill and lytill
a1500 Henr. Orph. 427.
This auarice, be grace quha vnder stud, I trow suld leve … thair besynes To gader gold
c1530-40 Stewart Bann. MS. 37 a/151.
Leive thy evill lyfe and leif vpoun my lay
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 335.
Renounce curiosity, leueyng the court and lerne to de
1562-3 Winȝet II. 8/11.
That thai suld leue thare awin phantasie and condescend with thame, quha can preue thare doctrine
1596 Dalr. I. 227/19.
Leiueing thair opinione, mony … conioyned thame selfes to the … kirkes
1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I. 93.
Lewand thair wark at ewin, lait in the gloming
a1605 Montg. Devot. P. x. 1.
Leave sin, ere sin leave thee
(b, c) 1375 Barb. xvii. 484.
The assalt haf thai levit [E. left] all
a1400 Leg. S. x. 17.
Mathew … lewyt the warld … & went with Criste
Ib. xxxii. 99.
Thai … ware in cristine treutht parfyte & of payanis lewit the ryte
a1540 Freiris Berw. 70.
Thay eit and drank and leveit all thair pleid
(2) 1572 Sat. P. xxxi. 128.
And thay be wyse Thay sall leaue of thair interpryse
c1590 Fowler I. 90/119.
Not leving of your chaistlye wayes
Ib. II. 29/20.
Leue of Hammiltoun thy sclandrous calumnies
1676 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 219.
Mr. James Kirk … inhumanly liveing of that holie studie quhairwith he ought to have bein taken seriouslie up with
1679 Ib. No. 282.
The said Jeane Gilespie … did disert leave of and rune away from hir service

b. To cease or leave off (doing something, or to do something). c. absol. To cease, desist, stop, leave off; also, to break off (in a narrative).b (1) 1375 Barb. iii. 568.
Quhen he had lewyt hys speryng
(2) a1400 Leg. S. ii. 507.
Paul … lewit nocht … to preche of Criste
Ib. xxvii. 1138.
Tharfor lewe forthir to spere The thing that [etc.]
Ib. xxx. 124.
He ewit to play & sing, Bot drupyt & mad murnyng
1600-1610 Melvill 287.
Let us nocht … leave af to saw and schear the the Lord's land
1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 207.
They will … altogidder leive of to buy our woll
c. 1375 Barb. vi. 157 (E).
Quha wyst euir men sa foully fall As ws, gyff that we thusgat leve?
a1400 Leg. S. xviii. 494.
For Godis are Leve nov & sper at me nomare
a1500 Sir Eger 2415.
Leave off and let him be
a1538 Abell 120 b.
The forsaid brothir Adam Abell continuand his proces … quhaire he lewit in the ȝere of God 1534
c1590 Fowler I. 204/4.
I feare, I hope, I leave aff yet insists
1609 Garden Garden 82.
We neuer leaue,, bot labours late [and] air

d. To relax or cancel (a bond or agreement). 1530–1 Maxwell Mem. I. 261.
The sayd Schir James leueis and dischargis all bandis of ony dowlland within the barranry of Ranthrow and Lennox

e. To pass from, cease speaking of, stop discussing (a topic): cf. 4 d. 1456 Hay I. 71/8.
And tharfor I will leve this mater, and pas to my first purpos of my first undertaking
a1585 Polwart Flyt. 681 (T).
Leve boigillis … & ghastis: Dastard, tho daffis, that with sic dewillrie mellis

f. To quit the or one's life. c1420 Wynt. iii. 106.
The nayl … scho … strake on … throuch his hewyde, Swa Sysara the lyff he lewyde
c1520-c1535 Nisbet II. 21 marg.
Na man takis my lif fra me, bot I leaue it of myself

II. intr. 9. To remain (in a place or condition, alone, or behind). Only in early texts.When the subject is a person, ambiguity with Leve v.4 (to live) may occur. 1375 Barb. ii. 508.
Thws in the hyllis levyt he Till the maist part off his menȝe Wes rewyn and rent
Ib. iii. 282.
Ay quhill to do him levyt [H. left] ocht
Ib. 584.
Newys [= fists] … Swa spaynyt aris, that men mycht se Full oft the hyde leve on the tre
Ib. xvi. 275. Ib. xviii. 239 (E).
To dystroy wp sa clene the land, That nane suld leve tharin lewand
a1400 Leg. S. xix. 547.
Than gert he … hyme downgyne be Til … of hyme lewyt bot the bare banis
1398 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 38.
In qwhais deffaut the said redresse leuis vnmade
1401 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 380.
At the quilk accord he sayis he wald be gladly and sal nocht leve in his defaute
c1420 Wynt. iv. 555.
A fat … full off thare blude That slayne in to that feld than lewyde [: hewyde]
Ib. v. 5056.
Thare suld lytill leve behynd Off warpe or weffte to mak hyre clath
Ib. ii. 802, viii. 5997. ?1438 Alex. ii. Col. 28.
For quhen ȝe lawe ar laid in lame Than leuis thair nathing bot ane name
Ib. 1658.
Had he leued quik … We sould haue worthin freinds weil
c1450-2 Howlat 948.
All thir gudly ar gane, And thar levit allane The Howlat and I

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"Leve v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 14 Aug 2022 <>



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