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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Hyn(e, Hine, adv. Also: hynd, (hynne), hin. [Later north. ME. hien, hyne (a 1400–50), heyne (c 1400), contracted var. of earlier north. and midl. ME. hethen (c 1200), also heythen, heiþen (14th c.), ON. heðan, with the vowel assimilated to syne (since) from ON. síðan. Cf. Quhyne (whence), Thyne (thence).]

1. From this place, from here, hence.(1) 1375 Barb. xii. 460 (E).
Withdrawys ȝow hyne sodandly
a1400 Leg. S. ii. 1162.
Thu wekit spryt, ga hyne thi way
c1400 Troy-bk. i. 50.
That ȝe … halde hyne your way
?1438 Alex. ii. 1281.
Me think it tyme … With-draw vs hyne of thare danger
a1500 Rauf C. 238.
Quhen thow art hyne gane
1513 Doug. xiii. i. 86.
The body … turs hyne away
c1520-c1535 Nisbet John xiv. 31.
Ryise ye, go we hynne
a1500 Peblis to Play 185.
Gude gossop, cum hyn ȝon gaitis
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 3792.
I purpose, or I hyne fair, Schortlie that processe to declair
a1568 Bann. MS. 238 b/9.
Brycht sterne at morrow that dois the nycht hyn chace
a1568 Scott xxvii. 25.
Will scho absent, Hyne sall I went
(b) ?1438 Alex. i. 413.
That I fled hin for cowardise
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus ii. 189.
Gude schir, pas hine
Ib. 877.(c) 1540 Lynd. Sat. 1226.
Pas hynd, Madame; be Christ, ȝe cum nocht heir
(2) ?1438 Alex. ii. 6991.
Could ȝe sa weill ane fare gift geif, … Nane worthyar war, hyne to Cesare
c1475 Wall. x. 514.
All the men hyn till the orient
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 93.
Eolus … mony hundreth myle hyne cowd ws blaw
Id. lix. 6.
I sall him knawin mak hyne to Calys
1513 Doug. iii. vii. 15.
That part of Itale is a far way hyne

b. From the place in question, from there. a1400 Leg. S. xlvii. 143.
The jug … Gef byding … That he suld haf hir hyne away
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 233.
Sudaynly … All was hyne went
Id. xxxiii. 20.
Or he hyne ȝeid
1535 Stewart 9203.
[He] sped him hyne in all the haist he mocht
Ib. 32270.
Quhen tha war passit hyne behind ane hill
15.. Clar. i. 875.
The Squyer tuike his leave, and hyne is went
c1650 Spalding I. 53. Ib. 236.
At … Culquohe, … thay stayit short while, syne rais wp, … and hyne go thay
c 1665 Sel. Biog. I. 269.
[The nestling] fluttereth on him a while till it get wings and then hynd goes it

c. With omission of the verb of motion. a1500 Rauf C. 855.
Ane of vs sall neuer hine Vndeid in this place

d. fig. Away; elsewhere. c1500-c1512 Dunb. xi. 6.
Hyne glydis all thy tyme that heir is
Ib. xxi. 59.
Fortoun … , Quhais fals behechtis as wind hyne wavis
a1568 Scott xvi. 39.
The lusty wantoun lyfe … Of lufe is hyne
c1610 Melville Mem. 34.
Ther headis were hamewartis and ther hartis were hyn

2. From this world, from this life. a1400 Leg. S. v. 657.
Pray for vs that ve hyne twyne But det, schame, or dedly syne
1456 Hay I. 171/27.
Nocht to remayne lang in purgatore quhen thai ga hyne
1490 Irland Mir. fol. 171 b.
God … sal reward thame eftir thar passin hyn for thar gud deidis before
1513 Doug. iv. xii. 72.
That … the sammyn swerd both tway And the self hour mycht haue tane hyne away
Ib. x. xiii. 145.
Sone eftir is the spreit of lyfe furth went … And left the body ded and hyne dyd pas
1560 Rolland Seven S. 7633.
Hir freindis … Bad hir … Giue to the pure. and let the deid hyne ga
a1570-86 Maitl. F. lxxxiv. 31.
Of this warld thow man pas hyn and wend

3. In contrast to here. See Here adv. 5 a.

4. From this or that time, henceforth, thenceforth. See also Hyne-furth, -furthuart. ?1438 Alex. ii. 3136.
Tak not the dedis that passit are Heuy in hart hyne forther mare
a1500 Henr. Fab. 716 (B).
Thow sall forbeir … flesche hyne to Pais
?a1500 Steel Roy Robert 120.
Was never none hyn to this day Brocht Scotland in subiectioun
a1570-86 Maitl. F. clxx. 128.
As mony hundrethe, nepotis gre be gre, Sen Richard was, as hundrethe ȝeiris hyne [Q. ar hyne]

5. With redundant fra.(1) 1513 Doug. iv. xi. 57.
Withdraw fra hyne ȝour gret mychtis
Ib. viii. iii. 177.
To morn … I Sal ȝou fra hyne hame to ȝour army send
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. viii. 31.
Gif thou castis out vs fra hynne [P. fro hennes]
15.. Clar. i. 1307.
Within ane myle fra hyne … Dwellis ane knicht
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi. 816.
Gif the dekine Eschapit ony way fra hyne
15.. Newbattle Chart. MS. (Reg. H.).
Ane pec of … land … beginand at the est at ane dyk … and fra hine lyneale descendand be ane mekill stane … and fray hyne ascendand towart the wost [etc.]
a1500 Seven S. 2331.
Plesans … That maid him laith to pas fra hyne
(3) a1400 Leg. S. xi. 96.
Eftyr Jhesu vpraisit wes Fra hyne to hewyne
(4) a1568 Balnavis Bann. MS. 138 b/42.
Fra thow inlaikis to lay on straikis, Fra hyne, my sone, adew

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"Hyn adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 9 Dec 2023 <>



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