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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Leding, Leidin(g, vbl. n. Also: ledyn(g, leddin(g; leidd-, leideing; lieding; lead(e)ing; laiding, laydding. [ME. leding (a 1300), e.m.E. leading, f. Lede v.]

1. The action of commanding a military force, military command; also, the troops so commanded, one's ‘command’.Common in early verse, only in phrases with preps., as in l eding, at, in, under one's leding (or command). 1375 Barb. viii. 219.
In twa eschelis ordanit he had The folk that he had in leding
Ib. ix. 121.
He … assemblit gret cumpany … And als his frendis vith him war … Vith fele folk in thair leding
Ib. xi. 164.
Till renownyt erllis twa … He gaf the vangard in ledyng
Ib. xv. 302.
Thai that war of his leding … War all ded
Ib. ix. 6, xx. 411, etc. c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 800.
Gregeois … Wnder Anthenoris ledyng
?1438 Alex. i. 1737.
[He] Come with ane thousand in leding
Ib. ii. 7048.
At our leding
c1475 Wall. ix. 1285.
A hundreth men was at his ledyng still
a1500 K. Hart 125.
Ane legioun liell war at hir leding
1586 Thanes of Cawdor 189.
To obtein to him the causualiteis of the saidis courtis … and ledding of my lordis frendis … in all hoisting

2. The action of governing (a country, etc.); rule, government.Only in early verse, in the phrases, to have or take the leding of (a country), (a country) in leding, (land) to one's leding. 1375 Barb. i. 579.
Than thocht he to have the leding Off all Scotland, but ganesaying
Ib. ii. 90.
I haiff gret hop he sall be king, And haiff this land all in leding
a1400 Leg. S. xl. 820.
A nobil knycht … had the leding of the land
c1420 Wynt. v. 472 (W).
Arbigarus, the King That Brettane tuke than in leding
?1438 Alex. ii. 9922.
He said he had in all-kin thing Our lytill land to his leding

3. Leading along (a person) as a prisoner or by force; also fig. a1550 Goldin Latany 134.
For the schamfull leidding that thai led thé lik ane theif
1589 Reg. Privy C. IV. 429.
For leiding me, be the noyse as it wer, to all his appetytis

4. Conveying (goods or produce) by pack-animal or by draught-animal and cart or sled, carriage, transportation; bringing in (produce) in this way. Also, concr., ? the amount conveyed, the cartage (of so many horses) or, ? less prob., a variant spelling of Ladin(g) vbl. n. in a sense 'load' (of so many horses). Also attrib. in leding-tyme. Also hame-leiding, Hame n.1 3.(1) 1496 Treas. Acc. I. 285.
For leding of ixc knapholtis … to the Castel of Edinburgh
1498 Acta Conc. II. 187.
The wrangus impediment … done … to the … comunite in the asportacione and leding of thare merchandice be our soverane lordis commone strete to the schippis
1534 M. Works Acc. (ed.) 117.
The entres of thua cartis to the leiding of the fre stane to the palice of Linlithqw
1550 Reg. Cupar A. II. 95.
With our hay ledyng in ȝeirlie
1593 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I. 289.
x s. for leiding tymbir out of Bardrochvud to him
1596 Paisley B. Rec. 176.
The Act … touching the leiding of milne stanes throw the town
1618 M. Works Acc. XV. ii. 51 b.
For the … laiding of thaim [slates] to the water
1662 Peebles B. Rec. II. 51.
The supplicatioun … desyreing the counsell to discharge the leiding of eldine up and down that balk
1677 Stitchill Baron Ct. 79.
20 sh. Scots money for not leiding of ten loads of peits from the Moss of Home to Stitchell
1701 Seafield Corr. 329.
The payment for cutting [the trees], leadeing to the vater
(2) 1473 Reg. Cupar A. I. 166.
The abbay sal prouyde for met to the seruandis and to thar hors a bayt in tyme of ledyn of petis
1482 Acta Aud. 103/2.
Vexatioun and distrublance of thaim in the gadering and leding of thare teyndis
1498 Acta Conc. II. 185.
The sade Florymond sal haf xvj oxin apone the sade ground the tyme of the leding of his corne quhil it be wone
1526 Carnwath Baron Ct. MS. 24 b.
The quhilk day Thome King contrar Jane Curre for muk leidin
1553 Lanark B. Rec. 27.
Or [= before] tha fall to the leddin of the tyndis
1586 Cal. Sc. P. IX. 18.
The leading of tythes is ane ordinary mater for the which noblemen will assemble theyr fryndis
1638 Old Ross-shire II. 37.
Complent against the tenents of Strathcarrone for disobedience and not leiding of the loggis and deils
1678 Fawside Coal Compt 37.
For 16 bolls wood leideing 02, 00, 0
1682 Ure Rutherglen 68.
A man and horse, for lieding sand for the calsway 18 schilling Scotts
1689 Brechin Test. VII. 216 b.
The … expens he should happen to depurse for shearing winning and leading the corns
(3) 1489 Acts II. 222/1.
Lordis and gentilmen of the cuntre … compellis thaim to do seruice, auerage, cariage, schering, ledding [etc.]
1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 302.
For xij rebatts stanis to the greit ȝet … , for the wynning and ledding, xiiij s.
1571 Lanark B. Rec. 64.
The said Thomas … sall haf thame [slates] rady for the leiding betuex Beltan and Sant James day
1609 Ellon Presb. 81.
[Complaints of Sunday labouring at Cruden] leiding, scheiring [etc.]
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1060.
Licht leading maks weil drawin horse
1628 M. Works Acc. MS. XXI. 18.
Brocht in be Johne Davie, kairter, vij kairtis for leiding
1635 Boharm Par. Mag. (Mar. 1891).
He confessit he … led sum of his father's corns at the night fallinge … and being askit if his father ether commandit him or knew of his leading, confessit [etc.]
1640 Ritchie Ch. St. Baldred 250.
Leiding in the Knowes, and that day leiding begun all the rest of the weik. Much corn led, praised be God
1698 S. Ronaldshay 70.
Overlooking any of his parishioners for fishing therupon [on the Sabbath], leading, baiting, etc.
(4) concr. a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI 341.
Gude store of vevers ... careit with thayme in sik aboundance as was the laydding of fyve hundreth horsis
(5) attrib. 1574 Edinb. Test. III. 103 b.
The seruice of sex hors in elding tyme leding peitis & turves; ... sex hors in leding tyme in hervist

5. Guiding, piloting. c1575 Balfour Pract. 618.
Gif ony leidisman undertakis the leiding and convoy of ane ship to ony steid [etc.]

6. The conduct of legal proceedings, the bringing of a legal action. 1474 Acta Aud. 34/1.
Johne Moffet commissare of Dunblane and Schir Johne Scot to compere the said day to declare the leding of the said proces before the said lordis
1529 Reg. Privy S. II. 1/2.
Be resoun of eschete throw foirfaltour of the said Archibald, of all termes bigane sen the leding of the said forfaltour
1555 Glasg. Univ. Mun. I. 60.
And attore dischargis … Williame Bischop of Dunblane … of all asking cravyng monyssing and ledyng of proces quhatsumever aganis the saidis personis
1559 Reg. Privy S. V. i. 142/1.
In oure soveranis names in leding of the said apprising
a1578 Pitsc. I. 225/2.
Luik that ȝour proceidingis be honest … in all the leiding of ȝour proces
1622-6 Bisset I. 138/26.

7. a. Bringing forward, producing (witnesses). b. Putting about, promulgating (a slander etc.). c1420 Bute MS. 154.
Of ledyng of wytnes & the sweryng
c1500-c1512 Dunb. ix. 125 (Arund.).
I haue synnit … In foule descepcioun, in fals invencionis leding [B., M. bre(i)ding]

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"Leding vbl. n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Jul 2024 <>



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