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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).

Lefand, Leif(f)and, pres. p. and ppl. a. Also: leffand, leifvand, leyffand. [Lefe v.3: cf. Levand, Liffand, and Lefing.]

Living, alive, surviving. In various applications.(1) c1420 Wynt. ii. 408.
For thare hele … God had hym sawyt than lefand
1427 Charter (Reg. H.) C.O. No. 40.
Alslang tyme has the said John is lefand
c1475 Wall. ii. 167.
Lefand as now a chiftane had we nane Durst tak on hand bot ȝong Wallace alane
Ib. iii. 21.
Messyngeris … tald Persye that Wallace leffand war
(b) 1375 Barb. ii. 547.
Quhar wes na man leiffand bot he
14.. Acts I. 110/2.
Fra this tym furth alswele salbe nemmyt … the disseysour as the haldar and his feftour gif he be leyffand
c1475 Wall. iii. 253.
Wallace was knawin on lyff leyffand in playne
Ib. vii. 434, etc. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 1356. 1578 Inverness Rec. I. 265.
[Buying] quik martis leiffand on thair feit
(2) 1488 Rec. Earld. Orkney 197.
To warrand and defend the said … land … aganis all leifand or deidle
1538 Coll. Rebus Alban. 87.
To tak the said erle … pairt againis all men leifand, the Kingis grace allanerlie accepit
(3) 1461 Liber Plusc. I. 387.
Scho … Leyffand but syn
(4) 1478 Acta Conc. I. 5/2.
That the probacioun that the said Johne Maxwel allegis to of lefand witnes is nocht sufficiand
a1578 Pitsc. I. 35/21.
As I beliue thair is leifand men can tell
(5) 1551 Hamilton Cat. 39.
Our only trew and leifvand God
(6) transf. a1450 Fifteen Ois 70.
I pray thé, Jesu … Grant me the leifand lif lestand
1551 Hamilton Cat. 126.
Also thair is ane fayth, quhilk is special, leiffand and wyrkand
Ib. 135.
I … haiffand a leiffand and quick faith in Him
(7) 1402 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 54.
To the said Alexander and Jonete … and the langast lefand of thaim twa
1453 Maxwell Mem. 173.
Langer lefande
1506 Glasg. Dioc. Reg. II. 162.
Langer leifand
1521 Boyd Fam. P. 3 Nov.
Johne Ecclis … has infeft vs … spousis forsad the langar leiffand of vs

Lefand pres. p., ppl. adj.

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"Lefand pres. p., ppl. adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 27 Sep 2022 <>



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