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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Wyn(e, Win(e, n. Also: vyn(e, vin(e, wynne, wyine, vyin, weyn(e, wayne. [ME and e.m.E. uine (a1175), wine (Layamon), vyn (Cursor M.), wyn(e (both Wyclif), wyyne (Prompt. Parv.), OE wín, MLG, MDu. wîn, ON vín.]

1. a. Wine. Also attrib. and fig.Appar. chiefly or only imported.(a) 1375 Barb. iv 407.
Saw thai ga Off Inglis-men [thretty] and ma Chargit all with syndry thingis. Sum bar wyne [C. vyne] & sum armyngis
a1400 Leg. S. ii 714.
a1400 Leg. S. xxxi 298.
Thane send scho sere presentis gret Of gold, siluir, wyne, & quhet, To the abbot of that abbay
?1438 Alex. i 2486.
?14.. Ship Laws c. 28 (B).
Gyf the schipmen says that the cordis ar gude and the wynys spyl thai sal pay the gudes to the marchandis
1469 Acta Aud. 9/2.
Anent the … impediment makin … to prouost & ballies & communite of Glasgw in the bying of certane wyne fra Peris Cokate Franschman & out of his schip in the water of Clide
1495 Halyb. 88.
1497–8 Halyb. 151.
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 39.
They wauchtit at the wicht wyne and waris out wourdis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 200/32.
Sum wynnis, sum tynis; Sum makis him mirry at the wynis
1513 Doug. iii ix 83 (Ruddim.).
1538 Treas. Acc. VII 40.
Gevin for ane boit to have the said wyne, speris, and harnes of the kingis grace, fra Rowane to the Newhavin xiij frs.
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 886.
Aquavite, wyne, and aill
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. in Cath. Tr. (STS) 91/9.
The fume of the vyne montit on his harnes, sa that … he fell in sa sound a sleip
1581 Burne Disput. 169.
Ȝour merchandis sould nocht pas to Burdeouse to bring hame vyne, becaus it makis monie of ȝour headdis dissie
1591 Reg. Morton I 176.
Ane tvne of vyne sewin scoir sextein pundis the tvne
1596 Dalr. I 17/4.
Glasgw is the maist renoumed market in all the west … till Argyle, in the hilande Iles, and lykwyse to the outmest Iles in Irland it sendes baith vine and ale
1615 St. A. Baxter Bks. 81.
Thomas Powtye … is enterit … prenteis to James Brown … and payit … ane quart of vine as just dewitie pertenyng of auld to the deakin
1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I 209.
Wyne salt wade yrne tar lint and uther suche necessaris forrene commodities quhairof this cuntrie standis in neid of air yeirlie importit
1654 Aberd. Council Lett. III 245.
Albeit the wyne and tobbacco is exceptit out of the tack of our excys, yit it is not so in the tack of our customes … And the wyne we ar only obligit to compt for what salbe importit above sewne score tunes of wyne which we will never or seldom exceed
1656 Nicoll Diary 189.
Much wynes sauld in Edinburgh wer corruptit and mixt, drawn over and kirned with milk, brinstone, and uther ingrediantis
1660 Banff Ann. I 143.
The rait of the custome of the burghe of Banff … everie tun of wyn importit, 8 s.
(b) 1502 Treas. Acc. II 153.
To the merchand of wynnes, be the kingis command ix s.
c1520-c1535 Nisbet I 12.
Christ turnit the watter in wynne at the mariage in Cana
(c) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) xxxiv 47 (M).
Quod the tauernneir ‘Thair is sic wyine in my selleir Hes newer come in this cuntrie’
1561 Dumfries B. Ct. 20b.
That thai mycht haif passage with thair vyinis to part & place, quhair thai mycht haif prevalege to [etc.]
(d) 1548–9 Corr. M. Lorraine 296.
Your grace moun caus vevaris to cum vyth the Franch men both of weyn and flour and uder nessesares for thar is lytell to geit in this cuntre
1674 Edinb. B. Rec. X 197.
The merchants of this citie hes been groasly abused by the magistrats of Glasgow when they had occasione to bring weynes and uther goods [from the] new port of Glasgow
1675 Edinb. B. Rec. X 247.
James Lands … his intromissione with the impositione upon weynes the third pairt whereof is aplyed towards the peyment of the saids ministers there stipends
(e) 1601 Dundee Shipping P. 70.
For ane allmowtha of wayne 9 r
attrib. 1375 Barb. xiv 233.
He maid of wyne levere Till ilk man that he payit suld be
fig. a1658 Durham Blessedness Death (1682) 38.
A death that hath the wine of the wrath of God without mixture in the cup of his indignation

b. A variety of wine.See also Burdeau(l)x n., Burdeous n. (2), Claret n., Frenche adj. 1 (4), Quhit(e) wyn(e, Red(e adj. 3 (1), Rinis adj., Rins adj. 2, Rochell(e attrib., Sek n.2 (1), Spanis adj. 2 (4) for further examples.(1) 1456 Hay II 140/3, 9, 10, 12, 13.
Here spekis the noble philosophour of the syndry kyndis of wynis and of thair naturis and proprieteis eftir thair condiciounis and placis of thair grouth … thir wynis that growis … in hye landis ar better … for thai wynis expellis the superfluiteis of nature, and hetis better the stomak and all the body na dois the tothir kynde of wyne that is of caldar kynde. Bot thir hate wynis ar nocht gude for ȝong hate men of hate blude
1482 Acts II 144/1.
That … nane of oure souerane lordis liegis bring corrupt or mixt wyne within the realme … bot send it agane furth of the realme vndir the pane of dede
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 74/53.
To drynk with us the new fresche wyne That grew upoun the rever of Ryne
1531 Bell. Boece I xxiv.
The provident Beginnar of the warld hes nocht but gret resoun maid thair region nakit and bair of winis; knawing … that winis, howbeit the samin ar richt necessar to all uthir peple, ar richt skaithfull to the nature of Albianis: for thay ar gevin to sic unnaturall voracite and desire of uncouth metis and drinkis, that thay can nocht refrene thaimself fra immoderat excesse
1597 Crim. Trials II 29.
Scho confest that scho leirnit of Janet Stewart to tak rawff Spainȝie seid, and steip it amang quyte wyne, and gif it to drink, for the fawing evill
(2) 1431 Acts II 20/1.
Gascone wyne
c1475 Wall. viii 1258 (see Turky n. 2 (1)).
Turke wyn
1552 Reg. Privy C. I 129.
That nane of thaim tak upoun hand to by ony wynis that is cumin … in the … portis of this realme, at the eist and northland seyis … of ony derrer price nor xvij li. the toun of Bourdeoux wyne, and xiij li. the toun of Rochell wyne
1613 Dundee Shipping L. 235.
Fyve twnis wyne burdeaux bind and xxv twnis land wyne
1632 Lithgow Trav. iii 78.
Best Maluasy, Muscadine and Leaticke wines
1633 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 365.
Ane punscheoun of Spaines wyne, ane punscheoun of hie countrey wyne
1664 Household Bks. Archb. Sharp in Misc. Maitl. C. II 503.
In the rekoneing for vyne claret and kinnarie beir bread fyre £6 8 s.
1678 Edinb. B. Rec. X 332.
The said Alexander [is fined an unlaw of ten dollars for] his buyeing of sex peice of French weyne from the said captan
1687 Cromartie Corr. II 51.
Some gentle medicine agrees best, and the drinking som tymes wyper wyn would not be inconvenient
(3) 1568 Skeyne Descr. Pest 34.
Preparand for vse ane epitheme for the hart of … vinagir, vyne of granatis, camphore [etc.]

c. Wyne and spice (spycerie), wine flavoured with spice. See also Spice n. 1 b and Spicery n.1 1 b.

d. specif. Wine used as part of the sacrament of the Eucharist or Holy Communion. 1490 Irland Mir. III 21/26.
In this haly sacrament [sc. the Eucharist] the forme of the breid and of the wyn & the wourdis that Jhesus ordand for consecracioun ar sensible
c1515 Asl. MS I 313/14.
Figuris of our blist Sacrament first breid & wyne consecrat & institut be Crist
c1500 Coll. St. Salvator 161.
Ane ewar of siluer for wyn
1552–3 Edinb. B. Rec. II 276.
On the sacrament day gevin to the bischop of Ros that bure the sacrament, in wyne and scrottisȝarttis that extendit to xvj s. viij d.
1567 G. Ball. 17.
He … gaif us syne His blude to drink, in forme of wyne
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. 14.
The Lutherians … sayis that Christis auin bodie and blude ar thair conionit vith the breid and vyne, sa thay call it impanation
1620 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 107 (12 April).
Giffin out off the box sex poundis to by wyne to the comunioun
1631 S. Leith Rec. 20/2.
Ordained to attend the tables for the bread bairing … for the wyne bearing … for the tickitis
1641 Baillie Parall. Liturgy 51.
Papists injoyne all the relickes of the hostie and wine … to be gathered together
1701 E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. II 50.
For 24 pynts of wyne at one pound and eight shillings per pynt for the use of the communion

2. comb. With Sellar n.1, Tapstar n. and Tavernar n., a seller, etc. of wine. Also wyne selling.(1) a1570-86 Maitland in Maitl. F. 26/68.
All vane waistouris tak away Regratouris that takkis doubill pay And wynsellaris our deir
1584 St. A. Baxter Bks. 39.
Vynsellaris & aill sellaris and velthie merchandis
1552 Edinb. B. Rec. II 171.
Than may ye haue four fontanis our all pairtis of your tovne within vij yeris, takand na greittar impositioun thairto fra your vyne tapstaris than ye haue hurt be thair fals mesouris
14.. Acts I 335/2.
[The challance] of wyn tawernaris. In primis at thai sell wyn but tasting [etc.]
(2) 1495 Reg. Cupar A. I 246.
We will that nane hant nor excers the office of brewing, selling, bakin, wyne selling, or ony vthir merchandis
1550 Reg. Cupar A. II 75.
Vine selling

b. Wyne berry (Bery n.) ? the (red) currant (see SND Wine n. 1), wyne grape (Grape n.1). 1460 Hay Alex. 11314.
And all the wyne berryis war pretius stanes And all the benkis war of serpent banis
c1490 Porteous Noblenes 12 (Ch. & M.).
The wyne graip rottis and deis gif it ly at the erd vndir the leif
1501 Treas. Acc. II 103.
To the man that brocht the wyne grapes fra Air to Strivelin xiiij s.
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Luke vi 44.
Men gaderis nocht a wyne grape of a busse of breris
1631 Buccleuch Household Bk. 1 Oct.
A pair of pertregis 2 pound of wyne greaps
1652 Nicoll Diary 102.
This yeir producit rype wyneberries and graps, and abundance of Scottis chestanes

c. attrib. With cave see Cave n. 2 a cellar, taverne (Tavern n.); boise (Boist n. 2) a case for holding wine bottles, calf (Cave n. 3) a case for holding wine bottles, cok (Cok n.1 4 a tap or spigot), flaccon (Flac(c)on(e n. a flagon), glas (Glas n. 2(3)) a wine glass, hogeit (Hoghed n.) a wine cask, pipe (Pipe n.2) a wine cask, puntion see Puns(c)hio(u)n(e n.2 b, sellair see Sellar n.2 4, stop (Stoup n.1).(1) 1594 Edinb. Test. XXVII 209b.
In his wyne taverne … four twneis burdeaux wyne
1558–9 (c1650) Dundee B. Laws 18.
That na person within this brugh be found … drinking in any vyne or aill tavern … after ten houres of the night
1621 Dundee B. Laws 349.
He shall give ane denner to the haill brethrene of the craft in quhatsumewer wyn-tawering it sall please the deacone
(2) 1504 Treas. Acc. II 461.
In Faukland, payit for girthing of the kingis wyne [pr. wnye] pipes thare, ij s.
1513 Doug. xii v 161.
Sum ran to the wyn flacconys for gret ire
1537 Treas. Acc. VI 465.
For wyne stopis to the kingis schip iiij frs. x s.
1576 (1650) Dundee B. Laws 118.
The wine stouppis, the watter mettis, and all wther measuris pertaining to the Gild
1595 Duncan App. Etym.
Vter, tris a wine boise
1629–30 Misc. Spald. C. V 103.
For sum wyne cokis to draw the wyne be, 4 s.
1631 Buccleuch Household Bk. 1 Oct.
A wyne glas
1636 Edinb. Test. LVII 259a.
Ane wyne hogeit
1646 Edinb. Test. LXI 267b.
Ane wyne calf pryce xl s.
1681 Foulis Acc. Bk. 98.
For 2 wyne glasses and a bear glass

d. Wyne pres, a wine-press. Also attrib. Also in fig. context. See Persour n. or Vine n. 4 (3) for a further example. 1579, 1617 Despauter (1579).
Vinacea, kirnellis of wyne pressis
1587 Carmichael Etym. 6.
A wine presse
1579, 1617 Despauter (1617) 40.
Torcular, a wine presse
attrib. 1632 Lithgow Trav. x 459.
A vine-presse house, standing alone amongst vineyards
fig. 1584 Melvill 177.
They haiff cast down the dyk, cutted the hedge, demolished the towre, brokin the wyne-pres, banished the watchmen and laborars, the snedders and delvers of the wyne-yeard of the Lord

e. Wyne lauch (lawing), see Lauch n.2, Lawing n.1 2 a reckoning for wine. Wyne silver, revenue obtained from a tax levied on wine, cf. also quot. 1675 in 1 (d) above. 1570 Canongate Ct. Bk. 248.
The said Williame being than addettit to Andro Williamesoun in xli xs of wyne silver
1582 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I 175.
Cudbert McClellane … to pay to the bailȝies xv s. vj d. restand of his vyne siluir
1614 S. Leith Rec. 12/2.
The bailȝies delyvered to thesaurer James Matheson thrie hundred punds of the wyne silver resaved … to be employed uponne the repairinge upon the ruiffe of the kirk

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"Wyn n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Jul 2024 <>



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