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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1990 (DOST Vol. VII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Red(e, Reid, adj. Also: reide, reyd, ried, reed(e, reedd, read(e; ride, ryid; rade, raid; Rid. [Early ME ræd (Layamon), read(e (c 1225), ME (c 1175) and e.m.E. red(e, reed(e, also, ME raddore compar. (c 1320), e.m.E. read(e, also, ME raddore compar. (c 1320), e.m.E. read(e (1535), OE réad, OFris. râd.]

A. adj. I. 1. Red, or reddish, in colour, in various usual applications.Also in trans. and allusive use.See also Red(e)-s(c)hank(e n.(1) (a) c1420 Wynt. i 125.
A swerd as fyre all rede
Ib. vii 783.
And the mone all rede [C. reide] wes sene Blwdlyk
c1450-2 Howlat 543 (A).
This hert, red to behald … The bludy hart it is cald In Dowglas armes
c1475 Wall. ix 278.
The rede nawyn in to the hawyn thai socht
c1515 Asl. MS I 161/21, 22.
The red se is nocht red on kynd bot throu … wesching on red cragis
1505 Treas. Acc. 1505 Treas. Acc. III 84.
To Johne Ȝorkstoun, masoun, in his task of the rede toure
1581-1623 James VI Poems I 166/1020.
The ptisie, mesels and the pests Red [1623 ridd] charbucle and vyle
(b) a1500 K. Hart 334.
Ane wysar … As ruby reid
c1500 Rowll Cursing 200 (B).
Attour thair chin with bludy dungis, Spottit … Reid, attry lyk a scorpioun
1531 Bell. Boece I xl.
The scheip … ar yallow, … their flesche reid, as it wer littit with safron
1533 Gau 3/23.
Thay haif gadrit to gider in … siclik bukis mony sindrie prayers … and vrait reid and fals fenȝeit titels … befor thaime
15.. Lichtoun Dreme 72 (B).
Ane pair of courtly schone of gude reid copper
1570 Leslie 11.
He was called James withe the firye face, be ressoun of ane bread reid spott … upon ane of his cheikis
1578 Inv. Wardrobe 264.
Reid curall
1579 Ib. 293. a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 215 (W).
The starnes … flawe so thick before my eyne, Some reid, some yeallowe, blew and greine
1500-1699 Herbarius Latinus Annot. (Bot.).
In the begynnyn of the seik[nes] at the vring is reid & thik [etc.]
Ib. 1618 Trial Isobel Inch 5.
[She] mixt the … figures … of clay with reid things lyk reid plowmes
1628 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. II 368.
Walkit plaiding littit reid
1669 Banff Ann. I 150.
[To] caus wack and lit the samen [sc. plaiding] reid to be coittis to the sojoris
(c) 16.. Admir. Ct. Form 66.
Petche wood is for litting reed but not so reed as brazill wood
Spit on your loaff with a little allome. Rub it. It will dye reed
(d) 1581-1623 James VI Poems I 241/368.
The sea uas littid reade uith bloode & fisches poisonned all
1611 Reg. Panmure I xxxiv.
And ane read steil bonet on his head
1662 Crim. Trials III 617.
They [sc. two pieces of money] both turned read
(e) 1688 New Mills Manuf. 199.
Take inspectione of the old whyte cloaths and cause dye them … black and the coursset of them dye them ride
(2) 1454 Old Dundee II 14.
A vestment of red colour
a1500 K. Hart 473.
I will no colour reid … vpone my bodie beir
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Eclogues iii 63.
Suave rubens, pleasant, of read hew
1587-99 Hume 32/199.
The colour reid And beautie of the sky
1622-6 Bisset II 387/23.
Ane dowbled treasant with contrarie lyllies (of reid culloure)
1669 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 256.
Plaiding which they ordane him to cause make in reid cullour for their vse

b. Golden. Cf. 2 f below. — 1375 Barb. xiii 463.
Sevin hundreth paris of spuris rede War tane of knychtis that war dede

2. In certain common collocations, freq., conventional or poetical, (sometimes redundantly) with things regarded as naturally red in colour.Also in fig. context, in various of the following applications.

a. Of fire, flames, etc. c1475 Wall. vii 428.
Quhat euir he be, reskewis off that kyn Fra the rede fyr, him selff sall pas tharin
1513 Doug. xii xiii 49.
Gyrthit [L. cincta] with flambis red
1533 Bell. Livy I 88/23.
His hede apperit as it war blesand in ane rede low
1682 Peden Lords Trumpet 23.
Then heaven and earth shall all go to a red low at once

b. Of the sun or its beams; also, of the sky, esp. at sunrise or sunset. 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. Prol. 33.
The assiltrie … Of Tytan, quhilk at morrow semis reid
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 24.
Bemes rede, birnyng as ruby sperkis
1513 Doug. iii viii 29.
The dawyng gan at morn walx red
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. xvi 2.
Quhen the euentide is cummyn … It sal be clere, for heuen is reid
1533 Boece 2.
Golden Titan with his flamis reid
a1568 Bann. MS 229a/26.
The reid sone rais with rawis
Ib. 229b/32.
As he [sc. Phebus] dois rais his baneris reid [etc.]
c1590 Fowler I 24/6.
1604-31 Craig v 5.
And the red morning rose from the right airt

c. Of the face, cheeks, lips, etc. of a person. a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 191.
Mars … With reid visage and grislie glowrand ene
Id. Orph. 356.
Thi lippis rede to kis diliciouse
15.. Christis Kirk 21 (B).
As ony ros hir rude was reid
a1570-86 Maitl. F. 206/14.
My ruby cheikis wes reid as rone
a1585 Arbuthnot Maitl. Q. 90/77.
A ladye bricht Plesand in bed bowsum & red

d. Of the hair, or coat, of certain animals. a1500 Henr. Fab. 1976.
‘Schir,’ said the foxe, ‘Ȝe knaw my roib is reid’
Id. Test. Cress. 211.
The first [horse] was soyr with mane als reid as rois
1504 Treas. Acc. II 468.
The hors with the rede tale

e. Of blood. a1400 Leg. S. xxvi 758.
Julyane … his neful tuk of his blud red
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 306.
Thai brochit blonkis to thair sidis brist of rede blude
Ib. 940. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 18/103.
Thé … quhois blud on rude for me ran reid
1513 Doug. x xiii 176.
With red blude of his new grene wond
1535 Stewart 8032.
The riuer … all of reid blude ran
15.. Christis Kirk 161 (M).
Quhen that he saw his blude so reid
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 3917.
Ran doun the bulryng stremis reid
1581-1623 James VI Poems I 149/336.
Doth steadfast makke his lyfe to pairt in gushing streameris read
1649 Craig-Brown Selkirkshire I 451.
His kou gave reid blude in steid of milk

f. Of gold. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 367 (C).
The gold so red
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 314.
Ane pailyeoun … With rapis of rede gold
c1500 Fyve Bestes 282.
Of reid gold was the birs he bure
1560 Rolland Seven S. 5071.
Four punsiounis … of cuinȝeit gold sa reid

g. Of rubies. — 1535 Stewart 37598.
Rubeis reid and diamontis
15.. Clar. iv 536.
1577 Dumfries B. Ct. MS 17 July.
Ane gould ring set with reid rubestaine

3. Applied to certain varieties of things or creatures to distinguish them by reference to colour from others of the same kind.Red … fisch, the salmon, as opposed to quhite fische (Quhit(e)-fis(c)h(e n.). Cf. Red(e)-fis(c)h(e n.See also Rede hering.(1) c1425 Liber Calchou 451.
Qwyt wyn … is beter than rede wyn
(2) 1495 Acta Conc. I 423/2.
Quhasa plesis to tak summondis other vnder the quhite or red waxis
1532 Treas. Acc. VI 50.
For rede waks and quhite to sele the citationis on thir prelatis
1567 G. Ball. 176. 1640–1 Misc. Spald. C. V 156.
For ane wnce of reid wax
(3) a1578 Pitsc. II 35/21.
To mak thair instrumentis witht langer pennis and reder ink
(4) 1616 Perth Kirk S. in Spottiswoode Misc. II 288.
John Tenenden officer, is ordered to have his red staff in the kirk on the Sabbath-days, therewith to waken sleepers
1643 Edinb. Test. LX 239b.
Threttie aucht reid stalfes … , tuentie bressell [Brazil] stalfes
(5) 1625 Burnett of Leys App. 228.
Fischings, alsweill of reid as of quhyte fisches, salmond and vtheris
1633 Aberd. Council Lett. I 386.
All fishes both reid and whytt
(6) 1631 Buccleuch Household Bk. 1 Oct.
For whyt and ȝallow carrots, … for reid carrits
(7) 1622–3 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 151.
Divyding the grae vallayes from the reid vallayes
(8) 1653 Sc. Ant. IV 98.
3 red dollowrs

b. Used descriptively or distinctively with the general or generic names of birds, plants, trees, etc.See also Rede dere, Rede-nettill, Rede-trout and Rede-waimb.(1) c1390–8 Orig. Par. II 808.
[The yearly payment of a] reid haulk
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 123/7 (B).
Ȝour clerkis ar seruit all about And I do lyk ane reid [M. rid] halk schout
(2) 1456 Hay I 172/6.
The Gelf and the Gybblyn, the rede ros and the quhite
a1500 Henr. Praise of Age 1.
Ane reid rosier
1499–1500 Acta Conc. II 355.
Landis … to be haldin blanch ferme of him for a reid rose at Mydsimmer
c1590 J. Stewart 19/142.
Rosis reed, meduart [etc.]
1531 Bell. Boece II 137.
The reid lille, na thing different fra the lille of France bot in cullour
(3) 1581 Elgin Rec. I 164.
Sufficient bowkaill seid [in replacement of that which] grew bot bastard and reid kaill
1691 Corshill Baron Ct. 185.(4) 1614 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 110.
Tymber, ather reid firre or aike
1657 R. Moray Lett. MS 27 Oct./7 Dec.
Red firre will do still as well as elm

4. a. Of thread, cloth or leather: Dyed red. b. Of a garment, or its appurtenances, or an article made from cloth: Made of red cloth, etc.a. (1) 1473 Treas. Acc. I 73.
Rede tartar
1477 Edinb. B. Rec. I 35.
Rede barkit ledder
c1500 Coll. St. Salvator 152.
Of rede claith of gold, 1 stand
1507 Treas. Acc. III 260.
Taffeti, grene, rede, blew, and variant
(b) 1542 Eeles King's Coll. Chapel 25.
Reid worsat and grein
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 121.
Hir kirtill was of scarlot reid
15.. Clar. iv 2056.
An pailȝeoun … Of silke all reide
1559 Edinb. B. Rec. III 43.
The vestiamentis of the kirk, … Ane paill of reid saten
1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 136.
Thow takis ane reid threid and knetis the same about thy kyis taill
1612 Bk. Rates (Halyb.) 318.
Leather called … Muscovia lether or reid hydes barked
1629 Dumfries Test. Ia 215.
Ane cloak of reid skarlatt lyned throw with reid velvett
1638 Black Bk. Taymouth xxiii.
iii ell of reid skarlett freise to be … ane jerkin
(c) 1540–1 Treas. Acc. VII 434.
Four elnis half elne raid dammes to be ane pendakill to the chapell in the abbay
(d) 1633 Linlithgow B. Rec. 6 May.
Ryid … cloth
(e) 1653 Soc. Ant. XXIII 300.
(f) 1688 New Mills Manuf. 201.
The bill … for the ride cloath got by Claverhouse
(2) c1450-2 Howlat 163 (A).
A college of cardinalis … That war crannis of kynd … With red [B. ride] hattis on hed
1456 Hay I 28/22.
Thair rede cardinale hattis
(3) 1670 Inverness Rec. II 243. 1678 Ib. 278.
All the militia sogers to bring all ther militia armes & reid coats and delywer the samen to ther respectiue leaders
1683 New Mills Manuf. 58.
The sojers reed coats
b. 1375 Barb. ix 506 (E).
He gert ay ber about Apon a sper a rede bonet
1436 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II 147.
In primis a rede vestiment
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1053.
This new-maid doctour off diuinitie, With his reid cap
1501 Treas. Acc. II 65.
Wellus to be offreis and crucis to the rede stand [ed. redestand]
1513 Doug. i vi 57. 1540 Treas. Acc. VII 398.
15.. Sym & Bruder 24.
Ane auld reid gartane
a1570-86 Clapperton Maitl. F. 244/42.
My russet gowne My reid kirtill my hois of broun
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Eclogues vii 32.
Puniceo … coturno, reid botings
1585–6 J. Carmichael in Misc. Wodrow Soc. 442 (see Knapscall n. (d)). 1589 Treas. Acc. MS 165b.
Ȝallow and reid ribbenis to the kneyis of thair breikis
1653 Soc. Ant. XXIII 303.
One reed tollercloth
1654-6 Gray Gospel-Call 8.
The Kirk miskent Christ because he was cloathed with red garments
1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 28.
In his ride robes and his cardinals hat

5. Applied to various substances used in dyeing, staining or painting things red.See also Rede lede n. 1586 Perth B. Ct. 4 Nov.
Small cordmer bark togidder with threscoir and four bollis of greit reid bark
1593 Edinb. Test. XXV 217.
Thrie dossone of reid brissell litt
1612 Bk. Rates (Halyb.) 325.
Reid erth for painters
c1600 Pont Cunningham 20.
Keel burne, so named from the read keel found and digget ther
1675 Melrose Reg. Rec. II 421 (see Kele n.3 1).
Reid keill
16.. Adv. MS 22.2.11.
Ane unce of reed mader
1673 Leith Customs 8.
100 pound redwood, 9 s.
1681 Blackness Customs 15b.
Ane barell reid wood

6. Of heraldic red or reds, esp. of a heraldic lion: Painted, or otherwise coloured, red. ?1438 Alex. i 2916.
His sheild of gold is fair and fyne With ane read lyoun
c1475 Wall. ix 275.
That senȝe … in gold the rede lioun
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 143/96.
The lyone … Reid of his cullour as is the ruby glance
1531 Bell. Boece I 18.
Fergus with anciant armis displayit … ane reid lioun rampand in ane feild of gold
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 158.
Ane pensall quhairin wes contenit ane reid lyoun
1622-6 Bisset II 387/27. c1650 Spalding II 343.
Ensignes, quhair on ilk syde wes drawin ane red rampand lion

7. Of birds or animals: Having red hair, skin or feathers. (Cf. 2 d above.) c1390 Reg. Morton I xl.
Beistis … of … syndri hewis that is to say blak broun rede and braundit
a1500 Henr. Practysis 40.
Recipe, thre ruggis of the reid ruke
1501 Treas. Acc. II 120.
To Johne Murrayis man that brocht the rede doggis to the king
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 113/22.
The tod wes reid, the lame wes quhyte
1562 Inverness Rec. I 82.
Ane reid kow and ane lyart kow
1591 Edinb. Test. XXIII 214b.
Ane auld broun meir, … ane reid meir
1597 Crim. Trials II 26.
A reid cok … quhilk scho slew and tuke the blude of it
1611 Reg. Panmure I xxxv.
Ane read tursel of gooshauk
1674 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I 464. 1697 Rental of Babster in Old-lore Misc. VIII i 6.
A read horned cow

8. Of salmon as a saleable commodity, in the phr. full rede and swete: Mature and so ready for consumption.Cf. Red(e)-fis(c)h(e n. 1449 Aberd. B. Rec. MS V i p. 64 (20 Oct.).
A h. barrell of salmond within terme of law full red and [?] suet
1482 Liber Aberbr. II 183.
Fyve barrellis of gude salmonde ful reid and sweit
1490 Acta Aud. 138/2.
A last of salmonde full rede and swet of the bynd of Banff … saltit with gret salt
1498–9 Acta Conc. II 326.
Twa lastis of salmond of ald fisch and na gerssillis, full rede and swete merchand ware
1543 Aberd. B. Rec. I 187. 1562 Inverness Rec. I 96. 1564–5 Perth B. Ct. 222 (18 Jan.).
Ane full bearell of salmond fischis full reid and sueit
1572–3 Canongate Ct. Bk. 432.
Twa barrellis salmond full reid [pr. rind] and sweit
1586 Montrose Baillie Ct. MS 19 Nov. 1632 Aberd. B. Rec. III 49.
Sufficient fishe, full reid and sweit, and nather ar gillit nor sour fishe

9. As a surname, to-name, or as an element in either of these, with reference to a physical or other characteristic of a person, also of a bird or animal.See also Rede etin, Robene reidbreist and Rede-refar.See s.v. Reid in Black Surnames of Scotland.(1) 1317 Misc. Spald. C. V 8.
Roberto Red
1364 Rot. Sc. 885/2.
Johannes Rede mercator
1364 Exch. R. II 132.
Symoni Reed
1387 Ib. III 160.
1466 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 296.
Duncano Red
a1578 Pitsc. I 72/20 (see 12 b below).
Magnus Reid
(2) 1219 Liber Scon 52.
Galfridus Redberd
1461 Liber Plusc. 327.
Mauricius, dictus Sir Maw with the rede mane
Ib. (cf. Pitsc. in 12 b below).
Dominus Mauricius with the rede mane et dominus Robertus de Ogil
1469–70 Liber Melros 596.
Johanne Redhede
1539 Reg. Privy S. II 469/1.
Johannis Hammyltoun, alias Reidbeird
(3) 1335 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 61.
Patricius dictus Rede
1546 Prot. Bk. J. Colvill 27.
[Robert Kennede alias] Reid Robene
a1586 Maitland Ho. Seytoun iv.
Williame, callit Reid, King of England
(4) 1535 Stewart 48891.
The Red Cuming
1640 Fam. Innes 167.
Giwin the reed smyth … for twa crookis to the gatte
1659 Rothesay B. Rec. 994.
Ride Robertsone
(5) a1500 Colk. Sow iii 111.
Reid Kittilcok … And feklefaw farest of all the flok
(6) c1475 Wall. ix 87.
The Rede Reffayr thai call him … His cot armour is … riwell ay off reid

10. Of the face, or a person in respect of it: Red, or temporarily suffused with blood, as a result of a sudden onset of emotion, shame, etc.; flushed; blushing; embarrassed. ?1438 Alex. ii 105.
He changit hew and wox all rede
c1420 Wynt. iv 1593.
He wald have bene all rede [C. rade, W. He suld haif waxin reid] for schame
c1450-2 Howlat 816 (A).
The dene rurale worthit reid, Stawe for schame of the steid
a1510 T. Craufurd in Aberd. Univ. Review XXXVI i 51.
Woman … worde nocht reide thocht thai sa fals
1535 Stewart 14132.
He … Wox reid for schame and changit oft his hew
15.. Clar. iv 838.
With that word scho wox a litill reid
1567 G. Ball. 107.
Na suddand chance … Sall cummer thé, nor mak thé red
a1568 Bann. MS 87a/30.
Be red for blame with schame to hald thé still
c1590 Fowler I 93/188.
Now whyte, now reid, now blythe, now sad, I haif … Conducted thé now to this point
Ib. 197/6.
Now waxing reade and paile
1581-1623 James VI Poems I 245/406.
The generall … littid reade uith shame Did rather [etc.]

b. transf. Of sins: Shameful; heinous. — 1533 Gau 63/29.
Giff your sinnis … be reid as purpur neuertheles thai sal be quhit as wow

11. Of a person's eyes: Tinged with red; bloodshot. 1513 Doug. vi v 11.
Ane Charon … with burnand eyn red Lyk twa fyre blesys fixit in his hed
1535 Stewart 210.
Ene baith grit and reid Quhilk … schone untill his heid
a1714 Cromartie Corr. II 466.
Agnamed Dearghuilach from his reed eyes

12. a. Stained or covered with blood. Also, (fig.), in Red(e)-hand. 1375 Barb. ii 361.
The gres woux off the blud all rede
?1438 Alex. i 1281.
Or it sa be, My sword sall be of blude all rede
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1034 (Bann.).
With brokin skalp, and bludye chekis rede
1513 Doug. v xiii 96.
The ryveris dittit with ded corpsys wolx rede
1535 Stewart 56912.
Bludie woundis so attrie and reid
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 3106.
The walter of the flude Ran reid, myxit with mannis blude
Arundel MS 243/146.
O Lord, … quhat that euer I behald, that it appeir to me maid reid with thy blude
a1578 Pitsc. I 271/16. 1615 Inverness Rec. II 131.
In respect he refusit you … ȝe said ȝe wald tack ane ryid bone out of his heid

b. In allusive use: Marked or characterised by blood, violence or ? death. Cf. Rede-wod adj.Rutherford example may be merely used as intensifier as in later and mod. Sc. (Cf. SND, s.v. Reid adj. 1). 1560 Rolland Seven S. 4843.
We sall all defy hir … on reid weir we sall cry hir
a1578 Pitsc. I 72/20.
Magnus Reid … who was so brocht wpe … in the weiris … that he was callit baitht the Inglischmen fader in chewellrie quho was nameit by the Scottismen Manis witht the reid hand [Boece Magnus rubente juba, B., I. with the reid main]
1619 Garden Elphinstoun 2428.
A herauld than, … Reid warre for to proclame, In England they did send
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 417.
Your soul will still cry, ‘Red hunger! black hunger!’

c. Of flood-waters: ? Stained with soil, etc. But cf. also a above. 1513 Doug. vii Prol. 19.
Ryveris ran reid on spait with watir brovne
Ib. xii ix 55.
The fomy ryveris, red on spait
1600-1610 Melvill 331.
The read speat of fresche water market the sie mair nor a myll and a halff

13. Heated to redness, red hot.See also Red(e)-hate. a1400 Leg. S. xix 550.
Thane gert the kinge ane helme tak & in the fyre it red al mak
c1500 Rowll Cursing 112.
Sum with brandrathis birnand reid
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 152/87.
Thay wer full strenge of countenance Lyk turkas birnand reid

b. ? Burned by overheating. — c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 168/52.
Ane browstar swoir the malt wes ill, Baith reid and reikit on the kill

14. Of a plant or crop: ? Dried up and discoloured; ? withered. 1513 Doug. vii Prol. 58.
The wynd maid waif the red wed on the dyke
c1650 Spalding II 154.
A cold drowth … quhairby girss and cornes wes brynt wp and reid in the blaid
1698 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds II 764.
In rydding down and destroying some growing cornes … untill the samen was turned red and useless
1699 Belhaven Rudiments 23.
This [dyking] will prove great advantage to you more than if it were bearing you ride wheat as they say

15. Reid bap, ? Perhaps with reference to some special method of baking. (Cf. 13 b above). — 1601 Edinb. B. Rec. V 280.
The mayneschottis of flour, fadges, fowattis, fardellis, reid bapis, … and siclyk breid

16. Combined with other colours in the same object, freq. forming a compound adj. a. Rede and quhite, quhite and rede, in poetic use, implying youth or freshness. See also Quhite adj. 4 b. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 104/25.
Roys red and quhit, … O ȝing and tendir flour
Ib. 141/6.
Lusty May that muddir is of flouris Had maid the birdis to begyn thair houris Amang the tendir odouris reid and quhyt
1513 Doug. xiii v 64.
Thy fresch figour, thy vissage quhite and red
15.. Clar. iv 942.
Hir collour schew as rosis reid and quhyt
a1585 Maitl. Q. 225/54.
The blomes quhyte and reid wes bewtie bricht

b. In general usage: Esp. of cloth. 1460 Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 1864.
He bare lyk armes of Arigone Palit ȝallow and red as schawis in his blasone
c1475 Wall. vii 93.
A wand of colour reid and greyne
1503 Treas. Acc. II 213.
l elne wellus, blew and rede, to be tua liaris
1516 Prot. Bk. J. Foular II 19.
Courtings of reid and greyne sey
1519 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II 175.
The chawmer hingin witht ald sayis palyt reid blew and ȝallow
1538 Treas. Acc. VII 89.
xxvij elnis of reid, ȝallow, and grene serge, that is to say ix elnis of ilk sort, to be ane cannabie
c1550 Lynd. Test. Meldrum 131.
My luferay salbe reid, blew and grene
1552 Treas. Acc. X 127.
x elnis reid and quhite claitht
1584 Edinb. Test. XIV 130b.
vj quarteris … of changeing reid & blak Spanȝe taffetie
1611 Fugitive Poetry II ii 4/12.
Me thoucht a fearfull fyre, all black and read
1634 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II 423.

II. In combinations.

17. Forming attrib. compounds with -gold, -kale, -kele, Killavyne n., -skarlet(ing, -steming, -velvote. c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus ii 694.
Hankis … of reid gold wyir
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 948.
Hir hair was like the reid gold wyre
a1500 Colk. Sow iii 111.
Reid Kittilcok that sat on reid caill stok
1593 Brechin Test. I 113b.
Four pund of reid keill seid
1576 Edinb. Test. IV 261.
Ane reid scarlot selvege … xiiij s.
1586 Treas. Acc. MS 122.
Reid skarleting stemmyng tobe … clockis [etc.]
1610 Reg. Privy C. VIII 614.
The Justice-generall … sall weare a reid scarlatt gowne
1615 Haddington Mem. II 289.
Ane stand of reid steming courteines
1601 Treas. Acc. MS 86b.
To ilk ane of thir fyve laqueyis aucht merkis in contentatioun of thair reid velvote bonnetis
1612 Misc. Maitl. C. III 114.
Ane reid veluot poke

As b. the first element (e.g. with -brown, Crimpson(e, Liart, etc.), c. the second element (e.g. Blude-rede, rubie-rede), of a compound adj. specifying a shade of red.b. 1549 Compl. 37/17.
The pretty fische … vitht there rede vermeil fynnis
a1578 Pitsc. I 258/15.
He had nothing on his heid bot syde reid ȝallow hair
1579 Edinb. Test. VII 205b.
Ane reid broun hors ane blak meir
1582 Ib. XII 5.
Ane reid violat kirtill of frenche claith
1611 Reg. Panmure I xxxv.
He wes ane fair man, … his hair read yallowe
1622 Scot. Ant. XIII 163.
The Parliament roab … of ride crimsone velvet
c. ?1438 Alex. ii 2699.
He was broun rede in visage
c1590 J. Stewart 136 §2.
[Flowers] Sum rubie reed, … Sum jassink hewit

d. Forming parasynthetic adjs., as readbeardit, etc., also with Nebbit adj., Nesit adj. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 113/16.
He [sc. the fox] wes ane lusty reid haird lowry
1556 Peebles B. Rec. I 230.
Descendand done the hoip to ane red hedit stane
a1578 Pitsc. I 162/19.
Ane man … braid faceit, raid nossit, great eyit
1594 Warrender P. (S.H.S.) II 248.
The laird of Ardkinglas reid stokit hagbutt
Ardkinglas awin hagbutt quhilk is reidstokkit
1600-1610 Melvill 64.
A read-headit tead
The twa men war verie read- and tead-lyk faced, for ploukes and lumpes
1603 Moysie 25.
A man of comlie proportioun, … readbeardit [etc.]
1687 Elgin Hornings VI 129b.
Ane read halked ox
a1714 Cromartie Corr. II 475.
Sewill Dearhullach, that is reed-eyed

18. quasi-adv., prefixed to, or conjoined with, a participle.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xx 239.
Sewine hawbrekis red brynnand
Ib. xlvii 85.
Ane, Foul of colis red brynnand
(2) 1513 Doug. xii ii 32.
The fervent fyre of schame rysys on hie, Kyndland mar large the red culloryt bewte
1531 Bell. Boece I xlii.
Doggis … reid hewit, or ellis blak
c1590 J. Stewart 49/47.
Hir cumlie corps … For seimlie schame reed sprinklit
1632 Inv. Newark 2a.
Ane reid browderit chaippel bed
1671 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct.) 11 Feb.
Ther [sc. cows'] followers the one black the other read flecked
(3) c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 12.
Thair bouris, Apparalit quhite and rede, wyth blomes suete

19. As the first element in various place-names.It is possible that some of these examples derive from Red ppl. adj. or from Red(e n.2(1) 11.. Liber Scon 37.
1198–9 Lindores Chart. 3.
Totam insulam que vocatur Redinche
c1220 Liber Dryburgh 81.
1214–29 Chart. Coupar A. I 51.
Ad Reidfurde
12.. Reg. St. A. 379.
Usque ad altam uiam que extenditur per le rede stane
13.. Orig. Par. I 45.
Robert de Reidheuch
1319 Liber Melros 387.
1358 Exch. R. I 564.
Le Redemyre
1373–4 Reg. Great S. 164/1.
Alexandri de Meygners del Redehalle
1376 Ib. 210/2.
Carucatam terre que vocatur Redeplowlande
1388–9 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 2.
Of the estmest red heuch
1466 Chart. Coupar A. II 59.
Le Redestane halche
1469 Douglas Chart. 98.
Landis … extendand to the Reede huche
1485 Lag Chart. 54.
Bath … till have four elnis brade of lande fra the reidgait commune betuix thaim
a1500 Colk. Sow i 221.
Rany of the reidhewch
1542 Reg. Cupar A. II 186.
Fra the reyd cruce west
1595 Skene in Misc. Stair Soc. I 138.
The landis of … the Reidspittel
1618 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 370.(2) ?1438 Alex. i 1683.
The Red See [F. rouge mer]
c1420 Wynt. ii 801. c1515 Asl. MS I 161/20 (see 1 (1) above). 1531 Bell. Boece I 2.
Pharo … quhais son … wes drownit … in the Reid Seis
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4166.

B. absol. as noun. 1. Red colour (dye, stain, etc.); also pl., shades or tints of red.sing. (1) 1456 Hay II 140/30.
And gude colour is evyn betuix rycht rede and ȝalow
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 464.
Ȝour roising reid to rotting sall retour
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 250.
In quhite and rede was all the felde besene
Ib. (O.U.P.) 190/26.
Honest ȝemen … War wont to weir baith reid and broun
1513 Doug. xi xv 18.
Of safron hew, betwix ȝallow and red
1522 Mar & Kellie MSS 11.
The colors of the king, read and yallo
1539 Treas. Acc. VII 163.
Ane carkane of gold annamalit with reid
1560 Rolland Seven S. 6188.
Pacok taillis … of all kin hew Part reid, part quhite [etc.]
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 43.
Reid signifying manli[nes]
1580 Skeyne Descr. Well 3.
The vther cullour being reid
1597 P. Lowe Chyrurgerie (1634) 367.
To make a pleasant savour, use a candle of benjamin, muske [etc.] … skin of the pomgranet, red of roses
(2) a1500 Rauf C. 670.
The rufe reulit about in reuall of reid
pl. 1683 New Mills Manuf. 47.
Rieds blackes and any other colloures

2. Red cloth. c1420 Wynt. iii 756.
Lordys cled in red and grene
1455 Acts II 43/2.
Ane mantill of rede … lynyt with silk
1473 Treas. Acc. I 17.
j½ elne of rede for harnessing
1478 Acta Aud. 67/1.
A kirtill of Inglis reide
1513 Treas. Acc. IV 477.
For the lion ane steik reid
1535 Stewart 715.
Arrayit him in rob royall of reid
a1540 Freiris Berw. 147 (M). 1546 Treas. Acc. IX 344.
To be ane hoisting cannoby … , nyne elnis … braid reid
1538–9 Treas. Acc. VII 150.
iij elnis ½ elne of reid and ȝallow to be ane cote to James Atkinsoun, jugleour

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"Red adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Feb 2024 <>



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