Show Search Results Show Browse

A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 2000 (DOST Vol. VIII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Sanct, Saint, Sainct, Sein(c)t, adj. and n. Also: sanctt, sancte, sant(e, santt, scant(e, (sanc); sain(c)te, sayn(c)t(e, seynt(e, sent, sayn. Abbrevs. S., St., St., Sct., (Stt.). [ME and e.m.E. seint (c1175), sainte, sein (c1200), sente (c1230), san, sant, sent, sande (all Cursor M.), sonte (a1310), saint (Ayenb.), sen (1389), sain, S. (a1400), syn (a1470), synt (15th c.), sainct (Tindale), sayn (1538), St. (1638), L. sanctus (cf. also OE sanct, MDu. sanct, sant(e, etc.), OF saint, (c1050 in Larousse), earlier san(c)z (late 10th c. in Larousse).Since c and t are indistinguishable in many MSS, the editorial readings of some examples, particularly of santt and sanc, must be doubtful. The form sant is, however, confirmed several times in rhyme.The form sayn, like the corresp. ME forms, occurs prefixed to a name beginning with a consonant.]

A. adj. 1. Prefixed to the name of a canonized person or one recognized by the church as preeminently holy.Sanct salvatour, the Saviour, Christ.Also applied to King David of Israel, the Archangel Michael, and, ironically, to a devil.(1) a1400 Leg. S. ii 1157.
Sanct Paule, helpe me
1398–9 Liber Melros 489.
At the feste of Sancte Martine in winter of the sam yhere twenty pvnd
c1420 Wynt. vii 492 (W).
Till I wes … steward With my liege king Sanct Edward
1439–40 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 239.
Ane alter of Sanct Johnne the Baptist
1456 Hay I 14/6.
He convertit to the faith Sanct Constantyne the Emperour
a1500 Henr. Fab. 511.
We sall fair weill, I find Sanct Johne to borrow
Ib. 1029.
‘Na, be Sanct Bryde!’ quod he [etc.]
a1500 Seven S. 1486.
‘Sanct Mary succour!’ quod the modere
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 446.
God and Sanct Martyne quyte ȝow of ȝour tail
Ib. 483.
Cum on thy way, sir king, now for Sanct Jame
c1515 Asl. MS I 248/11.
The banis of Sanct Androwe was brocht be Sanct Rewle in Scotland
1496 J. Smith Edinb. Hammermen (1906) 10.
Thomas Sparty as dekyn of befor deleverit the said gret box of Sanct Loy & in it xviij lib. xij s.
a1508 Kynd Kittok 20 (B).
And by Sanct Petir in at the ȝett scho stall prevely
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 74/59.
God and Sanct Jeill heir ȝow convoy
Ib. 202/31.
Cunningar men man serve Sanct Cloun
1517 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 170.
Within the College Kirk of Sanct Geill
Arundel MS 279/10.
Sanct Mary, mother of God
1562-3 Winȝet I 27/13.
Of famous Fatheris, and specialie of Sanctis Hierome and Augustine
1596 Dalr. I 230/6.
1622-6 Bisset II 333/15.
Sanct Pontianus Martir sone to Calpurnius
(b) c1379 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 1.
The feste of Sant Cudbart
a1400 Leg. S. ii 512.
To dinge Sante Stewyn with stanis done
Ib. iii 97.
a1450 Forbes Kal. Sc. Saints liv.
And gar a voman gan to Sant Brid and offer it [sc. a penny] in hir nam
1454–5 Edinb. Chart. 79.
For the gettyn of the arme bane of Sant Gele
1462 Peebles B. Rec. I 149.
In a ymage hand of Our Lady Sant Mary payntyt on papar
1485 Lennox Mun. 126.
For fyff ȝeris nixt efftir … the feist of Sant Martyn in wyntyr
1490 Irland Mir. II 74/6.
Sum sais … that Sant Mathew made it all
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 1006.
God quyte ȝow, sir, ȝour tail and Sant Martyne
1500 Buccleuch Mun. II 102.
A penny … at the Fest of Nativete of Sant Johne the Baptist, callit Mydsomer, … in name of blanch ferm
1508 Reg. Cupar A. I 274. 1540 Lynd. Sat. 2698 (B).
Be sweit Sant Jeill [Ch. Sanct Geill]
c1590 Fowler I 312/4.
And celebratt the memorye off blist Sant Valentyne
c1600 Montg. Suppl. xxxiv 81.(c) 1445 Melville Chart. 30.
In the kyrke of Sanc Johne the Baptist
1477 Maxwell Mem. I 187.(d) c1420 Wynt. v 5261.
Saynt Serff [W. Sanct Serf, C. Sancte Serf]
Ib. vii Prol. 39.
The lauchfull get Off Malcolme Kyng and Saynt Margret
Ib. 1621.
Saynt Thomas off Cawntyrbery Past till Cryst be martyry
Ib. vi 601. 1467 Reg. Dunferm. 358.
The Tysday in the vigill of Saint John the Baptist
1478 Acta Conc. I 20/1.
Be the provost & chanons of the college of Saint Saluatour within the citte of Saintandre
a1508 Kynd Kittok 32 (Ch. & M.).
Saint Petir hat hir with a club
(e) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii 643.
For sawete of thame Saincte Machore he callyt a day
c1420 Wynt. v 5007.
1437 Cop. St. A. 162.
At the fest of Saynct Petir callit Advincula
1438 Reg. St. A. 431.
At the reuerence of God Oure Lady and Saynctandrow
c1475 Wall. v 462.
He him betuk on to the haly Gaist, Saynct Jhone to borch, thai suld meite haill and sound
1549 Compl. 51/9.
& syklyik Sainct Agustyne De Ciuitate Dei
(f) 1424 Dumbarton B. Rec. App. iii 1.
In the decollacion of Sayn John the Baptiste
(g) 1400 Red Bk. Menteith I 170.
Saufconduyt, endurand quhill the fest of the natiuitie of Seint John the Baptist
1471 Sc. Eccles. Soc. 157.
[With a collecte of] Seynte George
(h) 1554 Barry Orkney (1808) 410.
The channorrie of … Seinct Mawnis
(i) a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii 870.
[Th]ane gude men mad … For S. George fare sepulture
a1500 Prestis of Peblis (1603) 839.
Tak exampill S. Margaret and Katrine
(2) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 69/1.
Sanct salvatour, send silver sorrow
(3) c1420 Wynt. iii 664.
Eftyre the dede off Sanct Dawy
c1460 Bk. Gude Counsale 197.
Sanct Dauid sais in haly prophecy ‘The man is blissit that [etc.]’
(4) 14.. Burgh Laws c. 32(a) (A).
That is to wyt the first mut efter the fest of Saint Michael [B. Mychalmes]
1503 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 356.
The Feist of Sant Michael the Archangel callit Michelmes
(5) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 155/164.
His baner wes of barkit hyd Quhairin Sanct Girnega did glyd

b. = 2 d, e.(1) 1395 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 4.
Maystyr Water Trayl beschop of Sanct Andro
c1475 Wall. i 282.
Quha sperd, scho said to Sanct Margret thai socht
1533 Gau 5/13.
As our saluiour sais in the vi chaiptur of Sanct Matheu
1566 Reg. Privy S. V ii 228/1.
The hospitalitie callit Sanct Leonard in Farnyntoun
(2) 1375 Barb. xvi 583.
Wilȝam the Santecler

2. With the saint's name in the possess. (or, less commonly, attrib.) forming a possess. (or attrib.) phrase. a. In ordinary possess. relationship. a1400 Leg. S. ii 383.
To pray Sant Paulis hewid gyf that it be That [etc.]
c1450-2 Howlat 375 (A).
Our souerane of Scotland … Sanct Margaretis aire
c1560 Stirlings of Keir 414.
Ane auld relict callit Sant Fillanis tuithe
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 155/12.
Clemens, quha was Sanct Peters disciple

b. Pertaining or dedicated to the saint or his or her cult or called after him or her.The saint's kirk, ile, bred, licht, bell, etc.; day, evin, etc.; mes, fast, fair, mercatt, also the saint's day applied to the (period of) the saint's fair; offerand; Sanct Nycholace siluer, a payment of some sort, prob. in connection with St. Nicholas' church in Aberdeen (cf. Halyb. lxiv); Sanct Loy's buyk, ? the account book, ? the record book of Saint Eloy's altar (the patron saint of the hammermen); Sant Mungos fredom, the area over which the privileges and immunities of the burgh of Glasgow extended; the saint's land(is, well, land(s, a well called after the saint.(1) possess. 1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
The voute abovyn Sant Stevinys auter
1446 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 244.
Sanct Peteris hospitale of old Aberdene
1479 Acta Conc. I 41/2.
Of Sanct Saluaturis college of Sanctandris
1482 Bamff Chart. 31.
In Sanc Rynganeis chapell in the kyrkyarde of Alytht
1482 Irons Leith I App. 574. 1488 Treas. Acc. I 102.
To Sanct Mongoys lycht ix s.
Sanct Jeyllis Kirk
1496 J. Smith Edinb. Hammermen (1906) 10.
Thomas Broun profferit … for this year to come for Sanct Loys brod xlj s. & vj d. and then it was rouppit amang the haill craft … & then Thomas Broun tuk the said brod for the haill craft for all the days of ane yeir
1497 Treas. Acc. I 345.
To the kingis offerand on Sanct Gelis bred ix s.
1500 Dunferm. B. Rec. in Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 209.
That Cristiane Gogar wes … lauchfull air to the half of Sanct Margretis bell
1501 Treas. Acc. II 125. 1505 Ib. III 61.
The kingis offerand to Sanct Johnis lycht at Sanct Johnis Cors
1511–12 Ib. IV 182.
For Sanct Anthonis licht in Leith
1519 Fife Sheriff Ct. 163.
The master & brether of Sanct Paulis werk in Edinburgh protestit [etc.]
1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 170. 1536 Glasgow Hammermen App. 251. 1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II 345.
Ane greit loke to the wolt dure of Sanct Thomas ile
1566 Reg. Privy S. V ii 191/1.
The chaiplanrie of Sanct Nicolas alter … within the college kirk of Sanct Geill
1573–4 Reg. Privy C. II 320.
The landis mains and cornis of Sanct Thomas Chapell
1573–4 Rec. Earld. Orkney 134.
The Schireff Court of Orknay … haldin in Sant Magnus Kirk of Kirkwall
(b) 1375 Barb. v 336.
The folk … Held to Saynct Bridis Kyrk thar way
attrib. 1488 Lanark B. Rec. 2.
For stokyn of Sanct Mongo bell
1493 Acta Aud. 169/1.
The priour of Sanct Mary Ile
1503 Lanark B. Rec. 13.
Ane pund off wax to geiff Sanct Renyan lichtis
(2) possess. c1379 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 1.
On a Sant Cudbertys day
1460 Peebles B. Rec. I 137.
He sall pay … v s. betuex this and Scante Bertylmes day
c1515 Asl. MS I 219/8.
On Sanctandrois day the apostole
c1515 Asl. MS I 270/6.
James the ferd was crovned at Scone on Sanct Jhon the baptistis day
1501 Treas. Acc. II 94.
The fest of the Inventioun of the Cors called Sanct Eleynis day
1504 Aberd. B. Rec. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 135.
That ale personis … sale rid with the abbot and prior of Bonacord one euery Sanct Nicholes day throw the toune
1505 Treas. Acc. III 59. 1506 Ib. 285. 1507 Ib. 290. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 206.
Berdis … That one Sanct Valentynis day ar vacandis ilk ȝer
1528–9 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 97.
To be reddy upone Sanct Paulis day efter noun
1529 Stirling B. Rec. I 37.
To bait ane bull of Sanccubartis day or on the Sounday nixt thareftir
1531 Bell. Boece II 52.
About Sanct Barnabyis Day, quhen the seis apperis more calme
Ib. 466. 1555–6 Edinb. Old Acc. I 174.
To the foure menstrallis that playit on Sanct Jelis day, … xl s.
15.. Banks Sc. Cal. Customs II 140.
Gif Sanct Paullis day be fair and cleir Than salle be ane happie yeir
1564–5 Reg. Privy S. V i 565/2.
At twa termes in the yeir, … at Sanct Sarffis day, and at Alhallowday
1567–8 Crail B. Ct. MS 5 Feb.
1595 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 424.
Penultimo die mensis Nouembris vulgo vocato Sanctandrois day
1596 Elgin Rec. II 45. 1652 Peebles B. Rec. II 5. 1658 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 206.(b) 1431 Liber Melros II 522.
On the Seterday nexte befor Saynte Jamys day
1570 Leslie 100.
Sainct Denys day the vij of October
1632 Prognostication.
Sainct John's day, beeing mid-sommer
(c) 1570 Leslie 162.
This victorye wes on St. Barthilmois daye, the 24 of August
1592 Banff Ann. II 410.
Ane great frie fair … beginand at St. Jeromes day
1619 Breadalbane Lett. 9 Jan.
I dout not bot ȝe will be heir ȝour self vpoun St. Phillanes day
1641 Acts V 545/2.
The said fourt day of Julij callit St Merteene of Bullioun his day
1674 Kingarth Par. Rec. 96.
After St. Combs day
1682 Peebles B. Rec. II 102.
The faires called St. Petersday, and the St. Diningsday
1696 Rothesay B. Rec. 503.
St. Bruxday
(d) 1601 Elgin Rec. II 92.
And becaus S. James dayis fair approches to the quhilk thair hauntis mony beggaris
attrib. 1496 Acta Conc. II 34.
Sen Sanct Patrik day that last was
c1500 Rec. Earld. Orkney 75.
One the morne eftir Sant Catrine day
1552 Prot. Bk. J. Robeson 14.
Ane half … to be payt on Sanct Magdalen day the xxij day of Julij
(3) possess. 1565 Instit. Ct. Sess. in Edinb. Univ. MS La. iii 388a, fol. 3a.
And sit quhill Sanct Thomas ewin befoir ȝoule
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 33.
On Sanct Barbareis evin, the Inglismen … come on the Scottis
1577 Perth Kirk S. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 277.
Vpon the tenth of December … Sanct Tobertis Ewin he passit throche the toun strikand the drum
1660–1 Peebles B. Rec. II 200.
To stop ther going through the toun on Sent Stewens night
attrib. 1660–1 Peebles B. Rec. II 200.
For the going through the toun on Saint Stiven night
(4) possess. 1375 Barb. x 821.
Fra the lentryne … Quhill forouth the Sanct Jhonys mes
1505 Treas. Acc. III 68.
The kingis offerand in Sanct Jelis Kirk at Sanct Katrinis mes
Ib. 172.
Sex scor martis bocht in Sanct Lukis fair
1591–2 Reg. Great S. 679/1.
[Charter of confirmation to Inverness] octava … vocat. Sanct-Markis-fair
1641 Acts V 538/1.
Ane free fair … begineand the eight day of Merche callit St. Normanes mercatt
1650 Maxwell Mem. I 351.
[She] sayd shee would fast St. Ninianis fast to gett amendes of them that took her and being asked what was St. Ninian's fast shee answered it was to fast from Wednesday at noone till Sonday after mass was done
1681 Acts VIII 439/2.
A weekly mercat … at … Methlick with two free faires there the one the second Tuesday of February called St Vallantyns fair [etc.]
1696 Lanark B. Rec. 261.
St. Leonards fair
16.. Bentinck Dornoch 207.
In the toun of Dornogh ther ar four fairs kept yeirlie: Sanct Gilbert his fair, Sanct Barr his fair, Sanct Margaret her fair, and St. Bernard's fayre
1701 Brand Orkney & Shetl. 78.
They recover not their strength till about St. John's mass-day, the 24th of June
1660 Rothesay B. Rec. 49.
The thrie fayre dayis of Sainctbruksday
1696 Peebles B. Rec. II 154.
The magistrats … change … ther fair called St. Peters-day, to the last Teusday of June yeirly
1699 Conv. Burghs IV 293.
Ane yearly fair … called Saint Laurens day
attrib. 1488 Stewart Mem. 77.
The said Neill sall … pay … fifty pundis at the feist of Sanct Androwmess nixt
1543 Soc. Ant. II 403.
Quhilk offer thai continew quhill Tesday eftir Sanct Mertynmes day
1617 Conv. Burghs III 37.
The fairs of St. Serve, St. Laurence, and St. Bartill fair
1628 Ib. 269.
Sanct Laurell fair
c1630 Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 154.
One day before St. Patrickmess day
(5) 1497 Treas. Acc. I 382.
[To Sanc]tabbes offerand
(6) 1501 Halyb. 227.
For vncostis to the clerk with Sanct Nycholace siluer
(7) 1496 Edinb. Hammermen 13b.
For a bag of ledder to put Sanct Loys buyk in
(8) 1449 Reg. Episc. Glasg. 370.
That nan of yhour said burrows … cum wythin the barony of Glasgw na wythin ony landis pertenand to Sant Mungoȝ fredom to tak tol or custum
(9) 1578–9 Reg. Privy C. III 74.
Half merkland callit Sanct Ninianis landis
1587 (1600) Reg. Great S. 360/2.
The said Sanct-Thomas-land
(b) 1637 Lanark B. Rec. 370.
The well callit St. Teillingis well … within the territorie of the said burghe
(c) 1645 Dumfries Kirk S. 19 June.
For going to Sct. Jargens well
1661 Ib. 2 May.
The idolatrous well in Troqueir called Stt. Jargans well

c. Qualifying the designation of someone or something associated with the saint, forming a special collocation.Sanct Nycholas (Innocentis) beschop, the Boy Bishop who leads the revelries centered on St. Nicholas' or Holy Innocent's day (see Mill Mediæv. Plays 17–19); Sanct Erasimus cord, the rope or cord associated with the martyrdom of St. Erasmus, specif. in the mystery play; Sanct Androis (Georgis) Cros, the cross particular to the saint displayed on a standard, etc.; Sanct Martynis fowle, ? the migrant hen-harrier, l'oiseau de Saint-Martin; Sanct Antanis fyr, erysipelas or ergotism; Sanct Peteris keis, Sanct Iames schellis, transf. or fig., decorative baubles or protective charms; St. Andrews language, Scots; Sanct Marnis meit, ?; Sanctobertis men (play, pastyme), with reference to the mystery play; Sanct Jhones nutt, a double hazel-nut; Sant Marie's nutt, ? a triple hazel-nut or some variety of nut; St. Johnston's ribband, the hangman's rope; Sant Petiris sait, papal office; Sanct Dauidis salter-buk, the Psalms; Sanct Barthelmewis tawis, ?. 1450 Misc. Maitl. C. III 199.
A mytyr for St. Innocentis bishop
1491 Treas. Acc. I 183.
The vo Decembris … to Sanct Nycholas bisschop … iiij vnicornis
1501 Ib. II 128.
The viij day of December, be the kingis command, to Sanct Nicholais beschop of Coupir in Fiff
To the deblatis that wes with Sanct Nicholais beschop
1506 Ib. III 285.
The xxviij day of December, Sanct Innocentis day, to the kingis offerand to Sanct Innocentis beschop
1542 Aberd. B. Rec. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 155 marg.
Ordinans for resaving of Sanct Nicolas Byschoip
1520 Perth Hammermen in Mill Mediæv. Plays 69 n. 2.
For Sanct Erasimus cord [iij d.]
1512 Treas. Acc. IV 297.
To be Sanctandrois Croce apone the standaris of the said schip
1513 Ib. 477.
Blew for the heid of the standert to pant Sanct Androis cors
1549 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II 196.
The fut of Sanct Androuis cros our gilt
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 424.
His hors … couerit wes … With browderit wark … Sanct Georges Croce thair micht be sene
1579 Acts III 150/1.
Ane penny … havand on the ane syde the croune sceptour & sword makand in the middis the forme of Sanctandrois croce
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 163/73.
The myttane and Sanct Martynis fowle Wend he had bene the hornit howle
1583 Sempill Warning ix.
Thenk quhow the barbour ceuris Sanct Antanis fyr
1638 Henderson Serm. 51.
Keep out that, as we would keep out a botch, or as we would keep Saint Anthone's fire aff us
15.. Sym & Bruder 23.
Syne schupe thame vp … Twa tabartis of the tartane Thay comptit nocht quhat thair clowtis weis Wes sewit thairon incertane Syne clampit vp Sanct Peteris keis Bot of ane auld reid gartane Sanct Iames schellis on the tother syd sleuis As pretty [etc.]
1658 R. Moray Lett. fol. 125.
It is worth somewhat to you that I give you occasion to rub up St. Andrews language now and then
15.. Acta Conc. MS XXIII 18 in Forbes Kal. Sc. Saints 468.
To gif to the pure folkis Sanct Marnis meit
1581 Perth Kirk S. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 279.
The idolatrus pastyme off sindrie insolent young men in playing off Stobertis play
1581–2 Ib.
The same act to be vsit aganes Sanctobertis men quhilk is maid aganes Dionis Blakwod
Ib. 280.
The ordinance concerning … Sttobertis men to be ratifiet that is thay be wardit quhill thay obey the iniunctiounis off the kirk
1587 Ib. 280.
Thes baxteris that … playit Sanctobertis play to be vairdit
1587–8 Ib.
The blasphemus and ethnick playes off sanc tobertis pastyme
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 303.
[The witch] sought out syne … Sanct Jhones nutt and the foure levit claver
1678–1701 Spottiswoode Misc. II 341.
There are other lesser yet, of a whitish coulour and round, which they call Sant Marie's nutt, quhilk they did wear … holding it to have the virtue [etc.]
1638 Adamson Muses Thr. 119.
Hence of Saint Johnston's ribband came the word … when with a cord They threaten rogues
a1538 Abell 9*a.
Prelaitis wykkit Cryst tholit in Sant Petiris sait
c1420 Ratis R. 63.
To that my gud sone thus say I And men may find … In Sanct Dauidis salter-buk
1621 Perth Kirk S. MS 2 Jan.
Scurgeit with Sanct Barthelmewis tawis

d. Absol. or ellipt. for a church, sanctuary or institution dedicated to, or otherwise associated with, the saint. 1388–9 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 2.
Sanct Johnnis vnder the crag
1491 Treas. Acc. I 166.
Schir William Knollis, Lord Sanct Johnis of Jerusalem
Ib. 198.
At he lent the king to offer at Sanct Antanis
1496 Edinb. Hammermen 14.
The craft of hammyrmen gadderit at Sanct Leonardis
1497 Treas. Acc. I 329.
In Sanct Mawarrokis
1534 Chart. Coupar A. II 138.
Spoilȝe of the trees of Sant Mergret Inche
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 4.
He raid to Sanct Douthois his allane

e. In place-names.Sanct Johnestoun, St. Johnston, Perth.Ellipt. in Sanct Androwis, Sanct Johnis, San(c)t Monanis.(1) 1375 Barb. ii 250.
In gud aray, Befor Sanct Jhonystoun com thai
1489 Treas. Acc. I 122.
A man … brocht tythingis fra Sanct Johniston to the king
1568 Edinb. Test. I 196b.
Four elnis of Sanct Johnestoun lyning
a1578 Pitsc. I 228/18.
Tua schipis command wnder saill by Sancttabbis heid
Ib. II 159/28.
In Sant Johnstoun
1580 Reg. Privy C. III 313.
That they should be strictly confined by themselves in Sanct Colmis Inche
1647 Acts VI i 655/1.
Of all … vessellis comeing within Dunnottar and Sanct Tobis head
1672 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I 319.
At Sant Johnes Clachen 11 March
(2) 1375 Barb. i 353.
To Sanct Androws he come in hy
1488 Treas. Acc. I 95.
In Pertht, to the king him self … ; Item, the xv da of September, quhen the king past furth of Sanct Johnis
1510 Reg. Privy S. I 326/1.
Except beneficis as ar at the gift of Sanctandris
1540 Lynd. Sat. 1964 (B).
Evin at Sanctandrus [Ch. to Sanct-Androes] for to seik law
1542 Inv. Wardrobe 99.
The leif of the kingis graces jornais ar in Sanctandrois
a1578 Pitsc. I 286/16.
The Bischoperick of Sanctt Androis
1592 Acts III 615/1.
At the mercat croces of Dundie … , Sanctandrois, Craill … , Sant Monanis, Weymis [etc.]
1605 Stirling B. Rec. I 113.
Cuming fra Sanctandrois, Seres [etc.]
(b) 1389 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 16.
The byschop of Saynt Androus
14.. Burgh Laws c. 29 (B).
Gyf ony man … be gane in pylgrymage … in he haly land or to Saynt Jamys or til ony vthir haly stede [etc.]

B. noun. 1. One recognized by the Church as having attained sanctity; a canonized person. Also attrib., possess., and transf.Also predicatively in sing. without article, as, or as if, p.p. (like L. sanctus).Also applied to the Sybil.(1) 1375 Barb. xvii 286.
The erle Thomas That syne wes sanct as men sayis
transf. 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 2139.
Thow [sc. Honour] stant ordant, as sanct, of grant maist wise
(b) 1375 Barb. xvii 875.
Syne efter this Thomas That on this wis maid marter was Was saynct and myrakillis did
(2) a1400 Leg. S. Prol. 28.
I wryt the lyf of sanctis sere
a1450 Fifteen Ois 326.
Quhen my saule sall wend away … Thow steid it quhair Thi sanctis is
c1450-2 Howlat 988 (A). 1456 Hay I 282/30.
The sanctis in hevyn schynis as the sonne
c1460 Vert. Mess (STS) 3.
Haly sanctis and doctouris of the Cristyne faith
1475 Edinb. B. Rec. I 30.
And of the glorius sanct Sanct Jhone the Baptist
c1490 Irland Asl. MS 47/10.
The sanct that thow art named efter
c1515 Asl. MS I 262/13.
He … deit at Carlele a sanct
1507 Innes Sketches 273 n.
Legendis of Scottis sanctis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 122/11.
Off sic hie feistis of saintis [M. sanctis] in glorie
Ib. 159/38.
In hevin ȝe salbe sanctis full cleir, Thocht ȝe be knavis in this cuntre
Ib. 165/28.
Off full few freiris that hes bene sanctis I reid
1531 Bell. Boece I iv. Ib. II 72. 1533 Boece 296b.
The haly marthiris war nowmerit in the catholog of sanctis
Ib. 356.
The actis of sanctis, namyt the Marthologe
a1538 Abell 103a.
Sweran dailie in common langage be God or Our Lady or othir sanctis
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2967 (Ch.).
And now, in heavin, he is ane michtfull sanct
1546 Perth Hammermen 56.
And quhat compositour … ganestandis to do the samyn … he sall [pay] ane stane of vax to the sanct unforgiffin
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2630. 1558 Q. Kennedy Tractive 148.
Quhilkis did mok and scorne all invocation maid tyll sanctis
1567 G. Ball. 193.
I wat Sanct Peter nor Sanct Paule Nor ȝit na sanct can saif ȝour saule
c1590 Fowler I 130/119.
And thair amongs these glorious sancts and pilgrims she sal be
1588 King Cat. in 1573-1600 Cath. Tr. 207/4.
The kirk … may erre in the canonizatione of ane sancte
1588 Haddington Presb. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 253. 1596 Dalr. I 123/20.
Kirkes dedicat to sanctes
Ib. 121/7.(b) 1581 Acts III 212/2.
As alsa the superstitious obseruaris of the festuall dayis of the santes sumtimes namit thair patronis
1625 Elgin Rec. II 191.
Summondit … for going to Doles or Carmichell kirk … to seik help at santis
(c) 1456 Hay I 266/6.
Be the sayntis of God, I wene I have rychtwis querele aganis thé
1597 Skene Acts (1597) Table s.v. Halie-daies.
1659 A. Hay Diary 96.
It is but a mint at the best that the saints mak that the lamb's praise
1662 Crim. Trials III 609.
In Saint Peiteris nam, Saint Paullis nam and all the saintis of hevin
(d) 1525 St. A. Formulare I 269.
All haly virginis … and … all the sainctis and haly cumpany of hevin
1580–1 King's Confession in Dickinson Source-bk. III 34.
We … refuse … his canonization of men, calling upon angelis or sainctis deperted
1633 Lithgow Poet. Remains 79.
James, the just, my peacefull king, hath fled To … the sweet harmonies Of saincts and martyrs
(3) 1525 Aberd. B. Rec. I xl.
To the laud and gloir of God, … and thair patroun, and all sanctis
1531 Bell. Boece II 374.
Fra the feist off All Sanctis to … Witsonday
(4) Urquhart Rabelais i xxii.
There he played … at the sanct is found
(5) 1513 Doug. vi ix 8.
Sone hym [sc. Æneas] warnys Scibilla the sant
(6) transf. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 4002.
To the blak deuill thairfoir I thé betetche With him remaine in hous ane hellis sanct
(7) attrib. and possess. 1525 Aberd. B. Rec. I xli.
That his conscience be examinat ther [anent] euerilk sanct day
a1538 Abell 96a.
All the historis of Scotland and Scottis sanctis lywis … he [sc. Edward] gart birn and gart bring bukis of the ws of Ingland
1544 Perth Hammermen 49.
That thair be nocht ane penny of the sanctis geir drunkyn in tyme cumming bot twa marks allenerlie
a1568 Pedder C. 19.
Exponand thame auld sanctis lyvis
1567 Acts III 41/2.
And the auld sanctis dayis callit non sederunt to be dischargit frathynefurth
1596 Banks Sc. Cal. Customs III 239.
The said J[ohn] M[enteyth] sall abstein … fra all playing on the Sabbath, Yull day, Pasch day and the dayis callit of awld the sanctis dayis

b. A representation of a saint. 1505 Edinb. Hammermen 53.
For ane clath aboue the sanctis hedis
1516 Ib. 92.

c. transf. One held in the esteem or reverence usually offered to saints in another context. 1618 Lithgow Poet. Remains 14.
A stranger is the sainct whome I adore

2. A person of exemplary holiness of life. Also in proverbs.Also ironical.(1) c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 254.
Thought I dour wes … I wes dissymblit suttelly in a sanctis liknes
Ib. 444. 1513 Doug. viii Prol. 44.
Sum schippart slais the lardis scheip and says he is a sanct [: skant, cant, ant]
Id. Direct. 71.
I rak nocht quhidder fulys hald me devill or sanct [: grant]
1529 Lynd. Complaynt 207.
No more he wate nor dois ane sancte Quhat thyng it bene to haue or wante
1540 Id. Sat. 4259 (B).
Gif him the habeit of ane freir The wyvis will trow … He be ane verry sanct [: plant; Ch. saint]
c1552 Id. Mon. 5857.
Ȝe brether of religioun … That day all creature sall ken Geue ȝe war sanctis or warldly men
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2694.
That may serue weill sic ane unsonsie sanct [: grant, obstant, want]
1570 Sat. P. xvii 84.
Sum … Thocht thay seme holy in deid that ar na sanct [: arrogant, want, dant]
1650 Misc. Maitl. C. II 488.
For the late king, he lived a sanct, and died a martyre
1659 Lorimer St. Cuthbert's 13.
I found them by their profession to be sancts almost all, for each ane gaed uthers a good testimony which made me suspect them the more
(b) a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 112 (L).
So moylie … He luikit lyk ane sant [: skant]
c1590 Fowler I 67/4.
Those who mortall men wer cald And to the world did liwe lyke sants
Ib. 80/87.
This earthlie sant this spak agane [etc.]
c1675 Bk. Pasquils 227.
In conscience it would vex ane sant, As holy as Mr. Andrew Cant
(2) 1649 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 588.
Suche are the now sants that oppresses Gods people
(3) proverb. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 61/35.
Of ȝung sanctis growis auld feyndis but faill
1540 Lynd. Sat. 233 (B).
So ȝe be nocht ane ouir ȝung sanct, And syne ane awld divill
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 261.
A young sanct ane auld devill
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2977 (Ch.).
King James … Said that he [sc. King David I] was ane sair sanct to the croun

b. transf. One's beloved. Only in Craig. 1604-31 Craig ii 46.
Blow winds, … And secretly commend me to my sanct [: hant]
Ib. iii 7.
Betwix my soveraigne and my sant [: want] I waist my wits

3. In Biblical use, one of God's chosen people; by adherents of the Reformed Church, one of the elect, a member of the Reformed Church. c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. xxvii 52.
Graues war opnyt and mony bodijs of sanctis [P. seintes] that had slepit raise up
1533 Gau 79/19.
I trou … that thair is ane halie Chrissine kirk quhilk is the congregatione of sanctis that is of al Chrissine men
1559–60 Knox VI 110.
His mother is the … most liberall to the sanctis afflicted that we have
1560 Conf. Faith in 14.. Acts II 530/2.
[The Kirk] is callit the communioun (not of prophaine persounis) bot of sanctis
1567 G. Ball. 103.
God, for thy grace, … Ceis not to send thy sanctis sune support
1568 Lyndesay Pref. (STS) 401.
The … mercy of God towartis his sanctis and elect
1571 Ferg. Serm. iii Malachi in 1563-72 Tracts 70.
To releif the necessitie of the pure sanctis that dwellit far from thame
1558-66 Knox I 4.
All thingis that have occurred within this realme, during the tyme of this terrible conflict that hes bene betuix the sanctes of God and these bloody wolves
1603 E. Melville Godlie Dreame 426.
Ȝe chosen sancts that ar afflictit heir
1613 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 21b (19 Aug.).
Scho suld be debarrit the communion of the sanctis at the tabill of the Lord till the presbyterie war advyisit with
1658 Dingwall Presb. 298.
Mr. Georg Cumming is appointed to haue a disput on the perseverance of the sancts and to hav his thesee in readines
(b) c1600 Montg. Suppl. xxxv 88.
Let me be with His justice cleid And conteit thai redemitt santt
1651 Nicoll Diary 72.
The schedding of the bluid of the santes
(c) 1567 G. Ball. 4.
I beleue in … the haly kirk vniuersall, the communioun of saintes
1633 Rutherford Christ's Napkin 6.
The saints have a liferent-tack of the cross of Christ
1637 Id. Lett. (1675) 85. Id. Tryal Faith (1845) 45.
He hath made many black limbs of hell fair saints in heaven
1649 Last and Heavenly Speeches of Viscount Kenmuir 4.
I thought you had ever a love to the saints and even to the poorest and sillyest who carried Christs image
1668 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 12 Dec.
I … doe leave my soule to God and [or]daines my bodie to be buried amongst the saints
(d) 1554 Knox III 299.
[They are] permitted … to prevayle … over the veray saynctes of God
1565 Ib. VI 311.
In daily sheading the blood of thy saincts
1638 Henderson Serm. 332.
When we ascend to that place where his angels and saincts glorified are
1611-57 Mure Psalmes xxx 4.

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Sanct adj., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Apr 2024 <>



Hide Advanced Search

Browse DOST: