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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. IX).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Sic, Sik, Swilk(e, Sich(e, Such(e, demonstr. adj. (pron.). Also: syc, sice, sicc(e, sict, sicth, sike, syk, syke, syik, sick, sec, sek, seik, seek, swc, swylk, suilk(e, suylk(e, sweik, silk, sylk, seylk, selk, sucht(e, sutch(e, soche, socht, souch(e, suich. [ME and e.m.E. swiche (c1175), swillc (Orm), such (Layamon), swilk (c1220), sich (c1250), suilk (Cursor M.), sylk (Manning), syke (c1400).]

A. adj. I. 1. Of the character, degree or extent described, referred to or implied in what has been said. a. With singular noun.Also, sic a (ane), a sic, and sic a like.(1) 1375 Barb. i 261.
Sen thai mak sic comperyng
1410–11 Reg. Episc. Brechin. I 30.
The bischop rehersand his borch, the tothir part sayand that was nocht fundyng in sic form for thy that the rollement was nocht in that court reddy
a1500 Lanc. 2113.
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 25/13.
This gentill herbe … Quhois petewous deithe dois to my hart sic pane
1549–50 Corr. M. Lorraine 321.
Quhen … the cuntre [is] at syc poverte and wnradynes
a1585 Maitl. Q. 142/23.
Ay sic lote is linked with his love
1613 Conv. Burghs II 429.
Giff they call any ane vther ane knaif or lowne or sic iniurious language
(b) a1400 Leg. S. ii 91.
Patroclas … till his word tuk sik kepe
1398 Fœdera VII 54.
And that na man be sa hardy to distrouble any man in to sik folowing
1409 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 74.
Efter sike impediment
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 376.
It is wele sett that thou sik barat brace
1513 Doug. iv Prol. 186.
Of brokkaris and syk bawdry quhou suld I write
a1585 Polwart Flyt. 707 (T).
I compt sik kynred better ȝit nor thyne
(c) a1400 Leg. S. xviii 961.
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 375 (B).
For thow sick malice of thy maister mutis
1549 Lamb Resonyng 35/22.
Sick meting wes desirit, … be ȝour kyng
1561 Q. Kennedy Oratioune 13.
Than had nocht sick fremmitnes bene amangis Cristin menne
1570 Knox in Facs. Nat. MSS III lxi.
How sick trublaris may be stayed of thare interprises I remitt to God
a1605 Montg. Flyt. 450 (T).
That this worme, in our wark, sick wonder can wirk
1590 Burel Pilgr. i 307.
Sick singing and springing, Is irksum to the eir
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1671) 182.
I think longing & dwining & griening of sick desires would cause it [sc. my faith] to bide out the siege
(d) 1679 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 302.
To decist and cease frae any sicth oppresione in tyme coming
(e) c1420 Wynt. i 1669.
For caus off swylk succoure The men … dyd honoure To that fygoure
14.. Acts I 25/2.
Gif schippis of othir strange kynrykis arryfis … and contak ryse betuix the partyis of suilk meynȝe … the kyngis bailȝeis sall halde rycht betuen thaim
14.. Acts I 34/2.
In suilke case [of being in the king's mercy] the kyngis amerciament is x li.
(f) 1386 Rot. Sc. II 85/2.
Whasa makes lettyng to silk followyng sall mak asseth for the gudes
?1544 Bk. Carlaverock II 29.
Upon seylk wrang raport is hays beyn maid apon my sampelyllneys
(g) c1420 Ratis R. 11.
And gyf swyk caus sall fal in thé
14.. Maner of Battale 232.
The kyng … havand autorite to be juge of swyk batell
(h) a1400 Leg. S. xxiii 11, etc.
Sich treuth has na med That kyndly sckil profit of ned
(i) c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 37.
Hath he [sc. Love] vpon oure hertis suich maistrye?
a1500 Quare Jel. 66.
(j) 1558-66 Knox I 316.
He was too malaperte to geve hir suche ansure
1629 Aberd. Council Lett. I 309.
The burghes commissioner … protest that this burgh be frie of all sucht plantation
1630 Aberd. Council Lett. I 311.
For suche love and favor so reallie expressit be yow to our towne
(2) 1375 Barb. i 77.
He suld that arbytre disclar Off thir twa that I tauld off ar Quhilk succeid to sic a hycht
a1400 Leg. S. iv 320.
Scho … bad thame gange to syk a hill
1460 Hay Alex. 739.
Sa ȝoung a prince to speik sa resonably With sic ane mesure and a sobernes
1472 Lennox Mun. 89.
At Edinburgh, sic a day of sic a moneth
a1500 Colk. Sow i 182.
Sick a din and a dirdy
1513 Doug. xiii i 90.
Tobewaill the deth of sik a kyng
1540 Lynd. Sat. 187 (B).
I felt nevir sic ane stink
1549 Lamb Resonyng 35/3.
Seir sindlare wes it sene that the heretrice of Scotland marijt sick ane kyng of Ingland
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1766.
Tyll deuyse Sick one presumptuous interpryse
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. v 375.
Talis: (beand sic a man)
1602 Dundee Shipping P. 75.
Ane wayrei onelleikllei thing to go with seik ane nayket bark among the Torkis gaylleis
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i 133.
Ane serjant of the burgh, … sould summon sic ane man, sic ane day, at his dwelling house, before sic witnes [etc.]
proverb. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1072.
Lang or sic a mote fall in your dish
(b) 1375 Barb. i 496.
And gyff that ȝe will nocht … swylk a state apon ȝow ta
c1420 Bute MS fol. 141.
Apon swylk a day nexte befor swylk a fest
1461–2 Aberd. B. Rec. MS V i p. 441 (27 Jan.).
And sen at he gat and sustenit silk a skaith
(c) 1490 Irland Mir. I 167/12.
Suich ane aduocat may no man devin As thou lady
c1500 Interl. Droich 76.
For littilnes scho was forlorne Siche ane kemp to beir
(d) 1685 Acts VIII App. 36/2.
I would look ere I lape, such ane affair was not to be medled with
1692 Presb. Eloq. (1694) 60.
Wo's me … that my unkind mother … hath given her sweet half-marrow such a meeting
(3) c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. xviii 5.
He that resaues a sic [P. o siche] litil child in my name resaues me
1600-1610 Melvill 170.
But our guid God gardit us, making a sweik thik mist till aryse wherby we might bot skarslie gis at the sight of the land
1643 Acts Sederunt ii 53.
Saying (I have endit) or some sutche terme
1692 Presb. Eloq. (1694) 57.
They had never a sick night for sin
(4) 1460 Hay Alex. 709.
Quhat thai suld be he fane wald vnderstand, Come thame to meit with sic ane lyk menȝe
1498–9 Acta Conc. II 323.
Ilk parti to bring with thame sic a like persone as thai want
1513 Doug. vi ii 134.
Sik a lyke branch sal burgion furth withall
1549 Lanark Sheriff Ct. 16b.
The said Ryche … grantit that he had sic ane lik qwy … in fodering & gresing

b. With plural noun. 1398 Acts I 211/1.
14.. Burgh Laws c. 14 (A).
Sic thingis acht nocht to be herd in burgh
14.. Acts I 109/2.
Suilk cruiffis … sal be … tua inch in the lenth and thre inch in the breid
1471 Ayr Chart. 36.
And dischargeit the burgessis [etc.] … of all sic laubirris chargeis and vexacionis
a1500 Henr. Fab. 203 (Bann.).
For commonly sic pykeris luvis nocht licht
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 26.
Pretendand thé to wryte sic skaldit skrowis
1513 Doug. iii vii 39.
Syk eyn had he, and syk fair handis tway
1513 Doug. v vi 90 (Ruddim.).
With rerde and fauorabyl halsingis furth he sprang, As oft befallis sic times commouns amang
1533 Boece 100.
Be socht occasiouns [L. simulatis causis] to slay … all men of gude
1540 Lynd. Sat. 4280.
Quhat brybour is this that maks sic beiris
1547–8 Corr. M. Lorraine 211.
Beleiffing ye will … lat souche men, duellaris in the said toun [sc. Crail] … have your letteris of safe condueitt
1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 240.
In Dalkeyth, Camroune-brig-end and soche places
c1615 Chron. Kings 87.
Knawing that the Cardinall appoissid him selff to sik interpryssis
1634 Johnston Diary I 216.
To offer sutch pearles to us
1645 Spalding II 497.

2. In predicative use, referring anaphorically to the previous sentence or clause. c1420 Wynt. iii 401.
For luff to yheld fenyhyng It is to lele hart a throwying. Swylk is the werd off Dalyda
c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 11.
Suich a fantasye Fell me to mynd, that ay me thoght the bell Said to me, ‘tell on, man, quhat thé befell?'
a1500 Henr. III 170/23.
Wit takis na worschip, sik is the auenture
a1500 Quare Jel. 394.
Jelousye hath euir suich a tong That from the malice of his hert procedith
a1500 K. Hart 315.
Swas he micht heir and se sic wes his happe The meikle mirth [etc.]
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) lxxxiv 20.
Thocht scho have mony semelie scheruitour Ȝit se ȝe hir full suddanelie incleine To tak a crippill … Sic is thair weird
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 471.
Our ȝoung squyer, sic was his hap, Was first on fute
a1568 Scott xxii 11.
It dois ȝow ay delyt To wit me in distres, Sic is ȝour haill dispyt
15.. Bk. Dean Lismore p. 163.
At thair suld nocht be siche ane flude as wes in Noe is tym neuer efter hend
1657 Balfour Ann. I 229.
This same ȝeire … the King goes in pilgrimage to S. Duthus in Rosse; such a haud had superstitione gottin ouer him

3. Of the same kind or type as that already mentioned; similar, the like. c1475 Wall. vi 895.
Sic salusyng I oys till Inglis men
1581 Acts III 219/1.
Mynding that never sic thing salbe in tyme cuming

II. With the meaning determined by reference to a correlative or dependent clause.

4. Sic … sic in various proverbial expressions. 1535 Stewart 9.
Sic maister ay sic man
1558-66 Knox I 155.
Suche man, such judge
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 741.
Sike lippes, sike latace
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 756.
Sike father, sike son
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 761.
Sike priest, sike offering
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1370.
Sic wricht, sic spailes

b. predic. 1461 Liber Plusc. I 384.
Sic is thi det, sic is thi dwyte

c. In various phrases with correlative as (cf. 5 below). c1460 Consail Vys Man 26.
Syk as thow lufis, syk art thow lyk
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 766.
Sike answer as a man gives, sike will he get
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 742.
Sike a man as thou wald be, draw thee to sik companie

5. Followed by correlative as and dependent clause: a. (Of) the general kind, type or degree that; the kind of (person or thing) that. Also (once) const. that, and ellipt. Also, sic a. b. That (those) (precise or exact one(s)) … that, any or all … that. Also const. possess. pron. and noun. Also ellipt.a. (1) a1400 Leg. S. xliv 165.
Sic corrupturis as thu To me at lykyne spekis nov I wiste neuir il in body na thocht
1385 Red Bk. Grandtully I 139*.
To gyf his trowth … beand to thaim bath in vertu of sylk aht as is wytnest in thair endenturys
c1400 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 44.
Fore swilk honest seruice as I may do
?1544 Bk. Carlaverock II 29.
Apon warray mallys, had at me for sylk cawyis is hays prosseidit amang owr schellffes
1560 Cal. Sc. P. I 479.
Yet fynd I not wherin theyr frendship shall stand England in soche stede as ouris may do
c1570 Facs. Nat. MSS III lxii.
These nottes must be extendit in soche ample forme as shalbe thoght convenient
1596 Dalr. I 68/7.
Frome sike gyantes as ar the sones of the Scottis menis godis
1614 Reg. Privy C. X 720.
To convene and meit with the said lieutennent at suche dayis, tymes, and placeis … as thay salbe adverteist
1637 Dumbarton B. Rec. 53.
That we may judge … aryt of such thyngis as ar to be handillit at this tyme
(2) c1420 Wynt. i 793.
Bot swylk ane hewyde thai say has he As apon ane hert yhe se
c1420 Wynt. vii 877.
Swylk a clostyr as than wes, Nowcht swylk as now is off larges
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 638.
Ȝe ar not sik ane fule as ȝe let ȝow
1666 Glasgow Chart. II 106.
But becaus they had not sutch a cullorable right for the rest as for entries
(3) ?14.. Ship Laws c. 13 (B).
The schypmen may bere syk kechyne furth as vsage of schip is
1519–20 Stirling B. Rec. I 1.
Desyrand to have sic prevelagis as thar craft hais in uder bowrowis
1590 Douglas Corr. 34.
I will aduance him to sicc degree as that place meritid
1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I 204.
I … used sick reasones as I culd to dispose him to your effect
1623 Perth Kirk S. MS 14 May.
Sick payneis as scho wes wount to teik, quhen scho trauellit with chyld
1615 Lanark B. Rec. 123.
With pouer to him to tak fra thais that leirnis the airt of mussik sict ane soume as hie thinkis maist expedient
(4) 1528 Acts II 323/1.
The kingis grace … was causit to charge ws to sick thingis that was dangerous to our lyfis
(5) ellipt. 1531 Bell. Boece I xxxvii.
Mony infirmiteis, speciallie sik as cumis be gut
b. (1) 1512–13 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 140.
All sic infectit persouns as God relevis thame of pestilence and givis thame heall
1548 Misc. Bann. C. III 410.
Howbeid I traist to souche tyme as my lord of Lenox may be in radynes to cum to serffe
1568 (16..) Bk. Univ. Kirk I 129.
The Laird of Pitcarro and Mr. Henry Balnaves were appointed with such of the kirk as they sall think mait
1623 Peebles B. Rec. I 363.
That … ye call … sick persounes as the saidis bailyeis … ar plaintius of
1637 Rec. Old Aberd. I 302.
To try the … abillitie substance and lautie of sick craftsmen as sall enter within the said cittie
1665 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 4 Feb.
It … sall be leisum to the said Robert to tak suche pryces as he and the persones imployers can aggrie for
(2) 1402 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 9.
With sic marchis & meris as thai had of ald tyme
1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 89.
I hawe send yow ane clarke off the signet vith syke newis as inccurrit for the present
1560 Edinb. B. Rec. III 79.
To warne the maisteris of the Hally Blude … to ansuer to sic thingis as thay haue ado with thame
1580 Hay in Cath. Tr. 70/9.
To resolwe thy self be sick meanes as I haiw declared
1600 Lennox Mun. 341.
Sicc soumis as the Duike of Lenox hes in tickket
1625 Peebles Gleanings 123.
Exceptand alwayes … sick claith as salbe littit and walkit in claith in Edinburgh
c1650 Spalding I 64.
Sic bestis as wold not call thay cruellie killit
1652 Buccleuch Mun. II 299.
Sick nolt and sheip and kayne fowlles as hes bene furnished to the said famelie
(3) a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI (1804) 51.
They being accusit be the queene of England for sick thair enormities, as the queene hade given in bill
(4) ellipt. 1513 Doug. vii ii 16 (Sm.).
The flour sconnis war sett in by and by Wyth wthir mesis sic as was reddy

c. With following that clause qualifying and expanding on the such phrase. 1640 Hibbert P. No. 10.
We reseawit ȝor letter quharin ȝe shaw ws that it is not such a thing that ther is money to giw ws ȝit always we beleiwit it

6. In attributive use after a noun: Of the sort that, such as. 1387 Edinb. Chart. 36.
xiic hewyn stanys astlayr and coynyhe swylk as fallys to that werk
c1390 Reg. Morton I xl.
iiiic li. of sterlingis swilk as men byis and sellis with in Scotland
?1438 Alex. ii 2791.
War my fader sik as I say
1419 Liber Melros 502.
Fowrty pundis of gude and vsuale mone syk as ran in the kynryk of Scotland
14.. Burgh Laws c. 17 (A).
He sall nocht fecht bot thru the athes of xii men sic as him self
1533 Bell. Livy II 231/6.
To duell in small cruvis, sic as hirdis and landwart pepill vsis
1572 Facs. Nat. MSS III lxii.
These persouns shall … mak full securetye soche as shalbe thoght convenient to the quenis maiesty
c1616 Hume Orthog. 8.
At the first it [sc. the diphthong æ] semes to have had sum differing sound from a, sik as we pronunce in stean, or the south in stain
c1616 Hume Orthog. 11.
If w be … a consonant, it can noe wayes coalesse into a diphthong sound sik as this out of controversie is

b. In predicative use (also, with ellipsis of the verb to be). 1460 Hay Alex. 3669.
Gif all the men of Grew Be sic as thir few nomber war ynew
a1605 Montg. Sonn. lxiii 13.
Nather they ar sik as thou hes said, Nor [etc.]
1576 Crim. Trials I ii 56.
That the auld fayth suld cum hame agane, but nocht sic as it was befoir

c. Introducing a list of persons or things, or giving a particular example of a category just mentioned: For example, for instance. 14.. Acts I 34/2.
Gif ony man … dois falset in … weyande of ony thyng suilk as woll, nowte [etc.]
1497–8 Acta Conc. II 148.
1513 Doug. v xiii 139 (Sm.).
All the nymphis hait Nereidis, Sic as Melite, Spio, Penopea [etc.]
1531 Bell. Boece I xxxi.
Lochquhabir … is full of minis, sic as irne and leid
1545 Stirling Ant. IV 204.
[They] obleist them that the gudes … sic as lynt, irne, &c. … sal be unsuspect
1561 Warrender P. (SHS) I 33.
Gif ony persone … committis ony cryme sik as tressone … hamesuckin ressett of persones at the horne [etc.]
1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 87.
Certane droggis of witchecraft maid be thé, sic as auld shone
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 189/2.
Sicc ghames on horsebake … sicc as the tilte, the ring [etc.]
1612 Bk. Rates (Halyb.) 292.
Brassin wark sic as landiers, chandlers [etc.]
c1650 Spalding II 410.
Many honest men brocht to thair grave, … sic as … George Fyf, laxfisher, … George Wod, hokster [etc.]

7. With ellipsis of the verb: The likes of (he, we, this, etc.).Also (once) with as prep. and accusative pron.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xxx 23.
For sic as thai, quhen tha thare lifis [H]as lyvit lang
?1438 Alex. ii 1792.
Bot, be my Gods, all sik as he Suld haue worshep and cherising
c1420 Ratis R. 1257.
I may thé nocht for-bed Fra syk as thir in thi ȝouthed
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 959.
To sic as he to mak conter pleid
1575 Misc. Maitl. C. I 123.
The generall assemblie … quha wer men of greit knawlege and discretioun, and knew how sic as we salbe handillit [etc.]
(2) 1460 Hay Alex. 2221.
Ȝe suld … be ane mirrour till all sic as me

8. As an intensifier (= so great, strong, etc.) with noun and following that clause (also, with omission of that), expressing a result, consequence or outcome. Also, sic a. Also const. quhill.(1) 1375 Barb. i 109.
In-to swilk thrillage thaim held he That he ourcome throw his powste
1375 Barb. iii 62.
The lord off Lorne saw His men stand off him ane sik aw That thai durst nocht follow the chase
c1420 Wynt. ii 19.
Syk lyff he kend thame for to lede That [etc.]
a1500 Lanc. 1749.
And if [= … give] thy giftis with sich continans That thei be sen ay gifne vith plesans
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 288.
I had sic wit that for wo weipit I litill
1533 Gau 4/3.
Thay gaif sic vane glorious tetels and namis and pouers that thay quhilk red thaime euerie day … suld noth be slayne be thair inimis
15.. Clar. iv 1963.
Tho the queine alway Excusit hir ȝit scho maid sike instance, The queine garte take of them [sc. horses] delyverance
1558-66 Knox I 49.
The bischoppis and kirkmen of thy realme hes had heirtofoir sick authoritie upoun thy subjectis, that appearandly thei war rather king [etc.]
1584 Cal. Sc. P. VII 67.
[I] wes in soche displesour that I culd noct writt to your worship
c1615 Chron. Kings 167.
The pepill makis sick duill that the samin wes pitifull to heir
1686 G. Stuart Joco-Ser. Disc. 27.
When wanton yaud has … tane sike freeks that nane can guide her
(2) 1375 Barb. iii 114.
Bot he raucht till him sic a dynt That arme and schuldyr flaw him fra
a1400 Leg. S. i 585.
Sike ane fall thane he gat … That harnise and sched & body all Fruschit in pecis
14.. Acts I 38/2.
Gif he war suilke a mysdoar that gyrth of haly kyrk aw nocht to sauffe hym
a1500 Seven S. 747.
With sic ane schot in till his wame That [etc.]
1596 Dalr. I 95/2.
The brue of this fleshe … thay make of sik a sorte … that the best wine … thay compare til it
1603 Moysie 24.
Thair blew sick ane tempest at the hearing dreav of Dunbar that parischit iijxx fischer botis and thrie hundrethe men
1629 Justiciary Cases I 135.
[She] laid sek ane grevous seiknes upone him [etc.]
(3) a1500 K. Hart 537.
Conscience to Syn gave sic ane dunt Quhill to the erde he flaw

b. predic. Also const. as or infin. Also with ellipsis of that. 1375 Barb. i 85.
The king of Ingland Held swylk freyndschip … To thar king … Thai trowyt that he … Wald hawe iugyt in lawte
1558-66 Knox II 338.
That the estait of this realme is sic … that Goddis hand can not long spayr … to stryck the head and the taill
1596 Dalr. I 31/34.
Thair fatt is sik, that … it freises nocht frahand and congeilis
1535 Stewart 303.
Sic wes thair grace ȝit haif tha chapit all
1685 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXV 104.
Our cariage towards all our nightbour Indians heath beine sutche as we have a firme peace and comerce with them
c1590 Fowler II 90/1.
The nature and conditioun of men is suchte to obleish thame selfs als far vnto these on whome they have bestowed favour … as [etc.]

c. With the clause introduced by sic explaining or clarifying the preceding clause. a1400 Leg. S. vii 622.
Nere he cane briste but abad Syke yre in his harte he had
a1400 Leg. S. xvi 166.
Sic takine of lufe he til hyr lend … Sike lufe til hyre had Jhesu swet
a1500 Rauf C. 33.
He cachit fra the Court, sic was his awin cast, Quhair na body was him about be fiue mylis braid

9. As a simple emphatic, with ellipsis of the dependent clause. 1686 G. Stuart Joco-Ser. Disc. 42.
Then will begin sike broyls and tuggs And lund'ring yane anothers luggs

10. As quasi-adv., preceding an adj. on which it acts as an intensifier: Sic felloune a, so fierce a. 1375 Barb. xviii 228.
For he wes swa glad that he wes swa Deliuerit of sic felloune a faa

B. In absolute or pronominal use.

11. A person or persons similar to the one(s) previously mentioned. a1400 Leg. S. xxxviii 14.
For-thi folk mony fundine ware, That for to sla sik wald nocht spare
?1438 Alex. ii 2007.
To sic [sc. the Bauderane] suld ladyes do honour … Erar than to Clarus king
c1420 Ratis R. 1526.
In dout that syk and war than he Amang our lardis levand bee
c1520-c1535 Nisbet I 14.
To be war at na mann suffir as anne ewill doer bot as anne Christinmann and noght sik
1535 Stewart 29126.
He … that did thair counsall heir, Wes contumax, and sic wald nocht compeir … Wittand sa weill that he wes in the wrang
1561 Glasgow Chart. I ii 128.
Thai mycht thame selfis cheis and elect ony twa of the personnes foirsaid to vse the said office for this yeir becaus … the foirsaid towne and burght micht nocht want sick to beir the said office
1567 Sat. P. vi 93.
Se that with ȝow ye beare With godlie men … Abuif all thingis haue syc in cumpanie

12. The persons or things just mentioned; the abovementioned, the latter; those, they. c1420 Ratis R. 1084.
Gret bewtee … gud continans [etc.] … Sice ar the perellus merouris Entisand ȝonge men til amouris
a1500 K. Hart 606.
Sic [sc. Ȝouthheid and Wantownnes] nature to me brocht and first devysit Me for to keip fra all misaventure
1560 Acts II 526/2.
For stopping of the mouthis of impudent blasphemaris [etc.] … not that we juge that the cankerit malice of sick is abill to be cureit be this simple confession
1572 Bann. Memor. 239.
Thei meane not heirby that ony impunitie suld be gevin to sic [sc. Bothwell and his associates]
1600 J. M. Beale Fife Schools 114.
Sic sall be caused to learn the Lordes prayer, the Comandes [etc.]
1677 Inverness Presb. 79.
The elders … are nether countenancers nor pleaders for any vicious person, bot kythes impartiall to all suche

13. Followed by as functioning as a relative pronoun: Such people as; those (people) who.Also (once) sic … quha, and sic … that.(1) c1520-c1535 Nisbet I 2.
The actis and dedis baith of sic as [Tyndale them which] beleve tharon and of thame that beleve not
1560 Bk. Univ. Kirk I 5.
Mariage may be solemnizat betuixt … sick as are not prohibited expressely be the word of God
1565 Facs. Nat. MSS III xlix.
The prince or sic as occupyed thair place chesit thair counsall of sic as thai thocht maist fit for the purpos
1567 Acts III 29/2.
That na maner of person … schuit with culueringis, daggis [etc.] … (except sic as for pastyme will schuit within thair inner clois and ȝaird
a1585 Maitl. Q. 226/10.
Seruandis and sic as leiffis on fie
1581 Cal. Sc. P. VI 49.
1591 Dundee B. Laws 513.
Sutche as duellis neir and adiasent to thei bruche
1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 185.
And tak vp dittay, be the maist honest persounes, and sick [pr. sict] as hes best knawledge of the lyiff and behauiour of the persounes delaittit … as witchis and soceraris
1611 Glasgow B. Rec. I 322.
That na firlot to be sealit bot sik as hes yron girris about the mowth
1644 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 20.
That thair wer few … armes in the toun, and suche as wer they would neither sell, len, nor give to his lordship
1644 Dalkeith Presb. in Butler Leighton 242.
Be cairfull in visiting the seik, and sik as ar [pr. a var] in want
1649 Sc. N. & Q. 1 Ser. XII 75.
To debarre from the Sacrament of the Lordes Supper not onlie suche as ar scandalowes but such as ar ignorant
1676 Dunbar Social Life I 293.
Let them waitch, every neight, souch of their beasts as ar not housed
(2) 1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. in Cath. Tr. (STS) 74/13.
Sik … quha nather be the lau of God nor man could iustlie posses the same
1631 Red Bk. Menteith II 130.
That suche come not in quho hes kythit thamselfis factiouslie disposit againis ȝour lordship
(3) ?1438 Alex. i 1142.
Sic leuch befoir that now sall greit
c1420 Wynt. v 3592.
A barne thar wes that tyme borne, That few off swylk wer sene beforne
1513 Doug. i Prol. 264.
Quharfor ȝou gentill redaris I besich Traste on na wys at this my wark be sich [sc. as Caxton's]
(b) 1577 Waus Corr. 159.
For ony apperance or avantage, that we are like to get in that mater, I wald wishe that selk had it

14. Such a thing; the thing previously mentioned. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 186.
One ferlyfule relyke That in no land I trow is syk Of the goddes

b. With correlative as. Also, with omission of as. c1400 Troy-bk. i 347.
Goldin claithis cleyn So ryche, that they saw neuir swylk
1535 Stewart 2176.
This wes the caus sone efter of greit sorrow, Sic in Scotland was neuir sene beforrow; Of weir and wrak [etc.]

c. Sic as: That which, what, whatever. 1375 Barb. xix 644.
Sic as we haf heir mon we et
c1420 Wynt. vii 880.
Nothir wes than mad the dorture, Na swilk as now is the frature
a1500 Seven S. 2009.
I haf maid ma of sic as this
1559 Corr. M. Lorraine 430.
[Na tidingis?] bot sec as I haf schauin to this berar

15. Sic and sic, such and such (things). 1611 (16 … ) J. Melvill Black Bastel 6/1 in Fugitive Poetry I.
Some for to say intended sick and sick
a1646 Spotisw. Practicks 188.
The designation of a ministers glebe must bear that it was made by such and such of the ministry

C. In special idiomatic usages, with indefinite adjectives, numerals or prepositional phrases. Variously const.

16. All, few, mony, ony sic: a. attrib. b. absol. Also, mony ane sik.a. (1) 1428 Liber Aberbr. II 58.
John Vernour … sal be dischargit foreuirmar of all suilk ostillary of his forsaid tenement
1477 Edinb. Chart. 141.
Cutleris, smethys, lorymaris, lokmakaris, and all sick werkmen
1508 Reg. Privy S. I 253/1.
All sic alienatiouns … to be cassate, adnullate and of nane avail
1625 Acts V 169/1.
Nather sall it be lauchtfull … to intend ony suche actioun
1622-6 Bisset II 58/17.
The clerk to writ his naim and surname at lenth in all sic letteris
1672 Douglas Corr. 270.
I did never heare … that any sutch matter was taken notice of
coll. 1535 Stewart 29951.
Saikles of all sick thing
(2) 1612 Highland P. III 123.
The executioun of everie sutche course as salbe then resolued vpoun
b. (1) 14.. Acts I 35/2.
Gif ony suilke of usage hantys to cum on nycht
14.. Acts I 41/2.
[The castellayne] sall ask gif ony suylk [sc. pigs or poultry] be thar to sell to the kyngis myster
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 592.
Jacob … become till Laban for hir [sc. Rachel's] saik Fourtene ȝeir bound … Thair bene bot few sic now I vndertaik
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) xvi 49.
Sum gettis giftis and riche arrayis To sweir all that his maister sayis … Ar mony sic now in thir dayis
1512 Lett. James IV 258.
[As to Louis treating de la Pole as King of England, James did not believe that Louis would] tyne him for ony sic
a1568 Scott v 34.
Grene leikis and all sic
a1585 Maitl. Q. 97/218.
Ȝe wemen vitious Gif onye sic be now … traist
1698 S. Ronaldshay 71.
He is not acquaint with any such
(2) c1520-c1535 Nisbet John x 16 marg.
Thar salbe anne kyrke or congregatiounn, and anne faith of all sick as belewis
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 148.
The ralling ressonyng of all sic as dois affirme the mes to be inventit be the brayne of man
(3) 1456 Hay I 81/10.
For thare is mony ane sik, … will do mare with gude counsale and gude devis

17. Sic uther(is), (an)other (person(s) or thing(s)) of the same sort: a. attrib. b. absol. as noun.a. (1) ?1438 Alex. i 1443.
Efter sone sic vther thre … to erd laid he
14.. Acts I 9/2.
A man … leddand a hors or an ox or suilk othir maner of gudis
1533 Boece 299b.
Thir haly feistis … war changeit in drynking, karoling … and sic vthir vicis
1560 Edinb. Old Acc. II 117.
At the quenyis command for … placing of the stallis in the awld maner and sicce uther wikitnes
1585 Acts III 379/1.
Woll, talloun … and sic vther forbiddin guidis
1614 Highland P. III 166.
With suche vthers lettrez and chearges as he thocht fitte
1616 Dunferm. B. Rec. I last page.
Ather to sell our malt as the other half about dois, or vpon sik vther competent pryce it pleisis your worships moddifie
1622-6 Bisset I 11/9.(2) 1490 Irland Mir. II 16/21.
Vthir sic thingis
1596 Dalr. I 90/5.
Kaipounis, pliueris and vtheris sik kynd of cheir
b. 1573-1600 King Cat. in Cath. Tr. 207/13.
The Catholik Kirk … hes condamned Hus, Luther and sike vthers of that sort for … hæritiks
c1616 Hume Orthog. 9.
Thei in mihi, tibi, and sik otheres, pronunce it as it soundes in bide, manere
c1616 Hume Orthog. 17.
And therfore now and vow, with sik otheres, are not [to] be written with w

c. Al (nane) uthir syk. c1420 Bute MS fol. 154.
And thir and al vthir syk [sc. burgesses] aw to be demyt thrw thair peris
14.. Burgh Laws c. 35 (B).
Bludwytis merchete na nane vthir syk aucht nocht to be herd in the burgh

18. Na (no), nane (none) sic, no such, none such, none of that kind: a. attrib. b. absol. Also, nane sic ane. (Cf. also 17 c above.)a. (1) 1444 Aberd. B. Rec. I 10.
The counsaile halely decretit that he had made na sik cause
1456 Hay I 224/11.
Servandis may nane syk men be
a1568 Maitland Bann. MS 13a/104.
Had thow nocht eitin of that tre That knawlege had nocht bene in thé Nor ȝit no sic excuse
1597 Crim. Trials II 19.
Albeit thair wes na sick thing of veritie
1602 Elgin Rec. II 107.
That he myndit no sick thing nother culd he do sick thing
1605 Faithfull Report … Anent the Assembly … at Aberdeen.
There was continually about the mercat crosse walking sundrie honest men, who heard of no sic matter
1607 Melvill 732.
His collegue's lettre, … conteinit no such lat
1622-6 Bisset II 301/2.
The tuentie fyft discipill Valateran hes no souche discipill Herodion named be Paule
(b) 1592 Orkney Oppress. 103.
That no seek confirmation passe to the said erle
(2) a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 483 (B).
Lat nevir nane sic ane be callit a Scott
1622-6 Bisset II 295/30.
All thrie quhilk wrait the Catalog of these disciples dois naim no suich one
b. c1475 Wall. ii 353.
Perchance ye say, that Bruce he was none sik
c1475 Wall. ix 523.
Thai slew nayn sic, … Bot maid thaim fre

c. None comparable, none of such talent or virtuosity. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 8069.
Euerie ane was maister in musick, For melodie and mirth thair was nane sick

19. Sic ane, sic a (an(e) ane (one), such a one; a person or thing of such a kind: a. attrib. b. absol.a. a1500 Henr. Fab. 2354 (Ch.).
Ane cabok … That sic ane sall not be in all this land
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 251.
Cled in ane skarlot goun, And furrit weill, as sic ane aucht to be
1513 Doug. i Prol. 328.
Not forto say sikane Eneas was
1513 Doug. i viii 17.
Sikane was Dido, sykane hir blithly bair Amyd thame all
1513 Doug. x xii 109.
Syk ane fleand to wond into the bak
1545 St. P. Henry VIII V 417.
I vos constrenit off forse for to take sikane layfe in Scotland as I mycht heif
15.. Clar. iv 733.
Ȝour bright imperiall bewtie for to se Whom we of sikane vertew hard reporte
a1582 Sir Colling 233.
And sickane vreist he gaif him thair His hart vas brakin in thrie
b. a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 549 (L).
Sumtyme thair levit sic a ane
c1600 Montg. Suppl. i 43.
I watt sche is nocht sic ane one As God forbid se crueltie
1693 Answ. Presb. Eloq. 66.
Burnet … missing one of his parishioners at sermon said, Where is syke an ane now?

20. With a cardinal number: (So many) of that kind. ?1438 Alex. i 1336.
He … sic dyntis about him dang That he passit by sik thretty That nane was na he gart him ly
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2129 (Ch.).
Ȝe, and we had it swa, it is worth sic thre
a1500 Rauf C. 329. c1475 Wall. v 374.
I haiff had mar syne ȝhistirday at morn, Than syk sexty war semblyt me beforn
c1475 Wall. v 388. c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 304.
I wald not effeirit be, To mak debait aganis sic thre

b. Be sic thre (five), by three (five) times as much.For be sic sevin, see Sevin num. and n. B (2). c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) xxviii 27 (M).
Ȝe can him all schaip new agane With bettir fassoun be sic thre
a1550 Tayis Bank 51.
Scho wes the … farest figour be sic fyve [pr. syve]
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1486.
I beleue to haue ane better … be sic thre Nor is the auld
1573 Davidson in Sat. P. xlii 347.
Clerkis quhais number … Is greiter nor is in this land Of ministeris—ȝea be sic thre

21. Be, in, on sic (a, ane) case, fassoun, kind, maner, sort or wise, in such a way. Variously const.(1) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 119.
Ande that of such maner he do That [etc.]
c1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
The saide trespas done agayn the trewis in swilke maner
1429 Cal. Doc. IV 406.
And at the gudis in swilk wyse pindit sal be lattin to borcht richt furtht
c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 128.
Bot in this case thou sall wele knawe and witt Thou may thy hert[e] ground on suich a wise, That thy laboure will be bot lytill quit
a1500 Rauf C. 433.
Or I be dantit on sic wyse, my lyfe salbe lorne
a1500 Lanc. 1753.
Thar is no ift alowit Bot it be ifyne in to sich manere
c1475 Wall. i 59.
Fra tyme that he … herd tell weyle Scotland stude in sic cace
1494 Acta Aud. 197/2.
Ȝe sall neuer se lettrez of owris pas in double forme gevin in sic wise incontrar vther
1513 Doug. xiii v 57.
Lo now apon sik wys Ane lamentabill and wofull corps thou lyis
1560 Rolland Seven S. 437.
The childe … schairplie casting his ene On sic fassoun befoir thay had not sene
1567 G. Ball. 141.
Ȝour grace hes done greit wrang, To suffer tyrannis in sic sort, Daylie ȝour liegis till ouergang
a1585 Maitl. Q. 254/32.
Till wow a wedow in sic wys
(2) 1456 Hay II 6/32.
Als sone as that the knycht sawe in syk a kynde sik ane honourable man
a1500 Lanc. 2650.
Sir Gawan, seing al the gret suppris Of fois cummyng in to sich o wys
a1500 Bk. Chess 788.
Quha so var in sick ane vyis convickit
1513 Doug. i iii 72 (Sm.).
Vnponeist ȝe sall me nocht astart, On sic ane wise gif ȝe falt eftirwart
(3) 1402 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 9.
To delyvir the biggingis & the myll … in sic maner & als gude as scho ressaivyt thaim
1586 Thanes of Cawdor 188.
Thais quha hes my lordis body in keipping in a maner captyue in sick sort as my lordis speciall freindis can nocht haiff excesse to his lordship
(4) 1562 Crim. Trials I i 460.
We … devorceis the saidis persones … frome the holie band of mareage … in sic sort as thocht the same had nevir bene estemit
(5) 1375 Barb. ii 340.
Wyrk yhe then apon swylk wys That ȝour honour be sawyt ay
?14.. Ship Laws c. 10 (B).
To fraucht in swylk maner that the schip mak na dwellyng
1456 Hay II 29/36.
Gif a knycht mysgovernis him in syk kynde that he be outhir thef, or traytour
1567 Reg. Privy C. I 521.
The fame thairof wes in sic sort blawin abrede … that this cuntre wes abhorrit and vilipendit
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 91.
The common bell rang in sik sort that euerie man past to armour
(b) 1548–9 Corr. M. Lorraine 289.
The ewill weddyr that cowme in swc sort that [etc.]

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"Sic demonstr. adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Jun 2024 <>



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