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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Wod(e, n. Also: vod(e, woud(e, voud, woid(e, void, wodd, woad, wood(e, woodde, vood, uood, wid, wud, wed, (wd(e, wude). [ME and e.m.E. wude (a1200, Orm), wde (1235-52), wode (1279), wod (1295), wodd (Cursor M.), woode (Wyclif), voode (1426), OE widu, wiodu, wudu, ON viðr. Also in the later dial.]

I. 1. An area of trees, smaller than a forest, a stretch or piece of woodland. Freq. in charters in lists itemising the pertinents of an estate. Also proverb. b. A particular, named, wood; the name of a wood. c. In place-names. d. In personal names.See also Grene wod(e n., Hainit ppl. adj. and Hare adj.1 3 b.def. art. 1375 Barb. vii 74 (C).
a1400 Leg. S. xvii 16.
Sa thik & sownd was the wod Betwene Arle and Avynone
a1400 Leg. S. xx 62.
The president Til huntyne has his knychtis sent & quhene thai al a day had socht In the wod, tha fand rycht nocht
a1500 Henr. Orph. 145.
The foulis of the wod [Bann. wid]
1494 Treas. Acc. I 246.
For the fellyng … of the tymmyr in diuers woddis … for vi diet at the wod
1499–1500 Acta Conc. II 375.
The distruccione of the wod and treis of the sade park
c1500 Harl. MS 4700 282a.
Gif his lord or his lady haif wod apon the grond and the tennent be ane commoun distroyar of his wod
1513 Doug. vi v 32.
In the first frost … Levis of treys in the wod doys slyde
1531 Bell. Boece II 298.
The pepill … returnit … out of all partis of the wod
1532 Treas. Acc. VI 52.
To furnes … stokkes, cartis, and navis for artailȝerie … and for careing of the samyn fra the wod to the boit
1550 Reg. Cupar A. II 73.
To be gevin to our forester for keping of the wod
1551 Reg. Cupar A. II 71.
Our said … dyk … in the est wod being construckit
(b) 1375 Barb. ii 307.
In the woud thaim logyt thai
1375 Barb. vii 61.
1375 Barb. vii 436.
Woud [C. vode]
a1400 Leg. S. xvii 61.
(c) 1375 Barb. vii 47.
The woid is bath braid & wid
1498 Highland P. II 197
He sall gar hane the woid
1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 142.
Ve ordand the cutting of the alleris … and the heuis and all void bath in common and in our mailling
1623 Crim. Trials III 554.
Thay … hang him vp vpone ane trie of the said woid
(d) 1388 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 294.
The keping of the wode sall be thair batheis
1397 Douglas Chart. 37.
[Thai] sal haf the gers of the wode … til thair hors
c1420 Wynt. iii 637.
In the wode he fostyryde was
c1420 Wynt. vi 2213.
Nevyre discumfyt for to be, Qwhill … he suld se The wode browcht off Brynnane To the hill off Dwnsynane
c1420 Wynt. vi 2215.
Off that wode than ilka man In till hys hand a busk tuk than
14.. Acts I 323/2
The wode is forbodyn alswell to thaim that duellis therin as till other at thai enter nocht in ony hanyt place of the woddis with thar bestis bot gif thai haf fredom of the forstar
1460 Hay Alex. 453.
Luge … neuir … neir sum wode
1598 Elgin Rec. II 66.
Sic personis as gois to the vode the tym of the sermoun
(e) a1500 Henr. Robene & M. 11.
I … keipis my scheip vndir ȝone wid
(f) c1475 Wall. v 35.
In to the woode apon Wallace thai ȝeid
1658 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 174.
That no … persone … destroy … ane utheris young wood, treis, [etc.]
1659 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 224.
[The said John has] … taiken furth and from … his wood in Ridpeth the number of twentie oak
1671 Forbes Baron Ct. 288.
That all gras men and cotteris … sall com in to the wood of Bithny to dight and clens the vood
1689 Galloway P. 20 Sept.
With … lebertie to the said William to enter … & dispone of the wood at his pleassour
(g) 1586 Treas. Acc. MS 52.
Passing to Haltoun to the wed hounting
(h) 1596 Dalr. I 249/22.
He led a … hard lyfe in the farthest parte … of that maist thick wodd
proverb. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 180.
A schored tree stands lang in the wod
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1526.
There are mae wayes to the wod nor ane
indef. art. 1375 Barb. vi 672.
Than till a wod that wes ner-hand He went
1375 Barb. vii 522.
In a wod ner by Glentruele quhar logyt wes the king
a1400 Leg. S. ii 844.
In a wod as he wandrand was, Wolfis hym rafe
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2424.
Frome the cite bot viii myle Of Thesaly a wod was
1513 Doug. i iv 17.
A wod abufe ourheldis with his rank bewis And castis a plesand schaddow
1513 Doug. vi x 73.
Within a wod of lawrer greyn thai dwell
1570 Leslie 230.
To fetche faggottis frome ane wod
1595 Duncan App. Etym.
Sylva, nemus, a wode
1596 Dalr. I 7/10.
Heir agane sall ȝe se braid planes … heir a dry knowe or a thin forrest thair a thick wodd
pl. (1) 1375 Barb. viii 3.
The king … left bath woddis & montanys
?1438 Alex. ii Prol. 10.
In mery May, quhen … woddis winnis thare winfull wedis
?1438 Alex. ii 1276.
As tempest that garris woddis [F. le bois] fall, He [etc.]
c1400 Troy-bk. i 247.
Thai woddys warnyst were In-to haboundance of wylde dere
14.. Acts I 323/1 (see def. art. (d) above). 1471–2 Liber Melros II 591.
That nane … presume … till … hew cut or lede away thar woddis
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2376.
Throw woddis waist thir freikis on fute can fair, Fra busk to busk, quhill [etc.]
1505 Treas. Acc. III 175.
To Jacat Terrell quhen he passit to the woddis … xlij s.
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 144/104.
Mak I thé … the chief protector in woddis and schawis
1513 Doug. iii x 48.
Thir cipressis … Growand in the woddis or hie vp on hewis
1513 Doug. ix Prol. 33.
‘Gyf we discryve the woddis, the treis,’ quod he, ‘Suld conform to that manis dignyte … Full litill it wald delyte To write of scroggis, broym, haddir or rammale; The lawrer, cedyr or the palm triumphale Ar mar ganand
c1554 Misc. Bann. C. II 28.
Thair wes na biggingis … in that rowme quhilk is now callit the Cannogait, bot allanerlie woddis and wildernes
1561 Rentale Dunkeld. (SHS) 342.
To the foster and tua gardianis of woddis appropriat to the brig and brig werk
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Schireff.
Them quha plantis nocht wooddes, makis not hedges and haining
(b) 1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i 69b.
Ane place full of tries or wods
1609 Acts IV 408/2.
Some personis … wald erect yrne milnis … to the vtter waisting … of the saidis wodis
1615 Red Bk. Grandtully I 50.
The forrest … of Byrnane, with the wodis, schawis … of the samene
1620 Grant Chart. 319.
To cut and tak of my wodis … for plewis, kartis … and siklyk
(c) 1594 Acts IV 67/1.
His [sc. the king's] … woiddis forrestis parkis haningis
1610 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II 162.
Nowayis … intromit with the treis, tymber, grouthe or planting of the saids woids & forrestis
(d) a1500 Henr. Age & Yowth 4.
Thir widdis grene
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 60/19.
This joyfull merle so salust scho the day Quhill rong the widdis of hir melody
15.. Clar. iv 1744.
None [this day] sould into widdis go Without ane lady
16… Old Ross-shire I 31
Certaine [gap] widis of oack birk fir &c. [gap] querie—gif the said Issobel … may sell [gap] the saidis widis to mak irone or uther use
(e) a1595 Descr. Isles 429.
Thair is na woods in the Lewis, but ane great wildernes or forest callit Osirsdaill
(f) 1473 Reg. Cupar A. I 198.
Master forstar of al our wuddis in Strethardyl
(2) 1461 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 362.
The forsaide landys … with wodis, … bromis, hader, breris [etc.]
1471–2 Liber Melros II 591.
Woddis fischingis cornez catale
1501 Acta Conc. III (1993) 43.
The gret hous … of Blacadir was … distroyit, with orchettis, woddis and yairdis
1504 Justiciary Rec. I 342.
All and sindrie the kirkis, landis, … grangis, woodis, lowis, … pertenyng thairto
1504 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 216.
The landis of Strathde … with … custumis, mertis, woddis, fischingis [etc.]
1535 Reg. Privy S. II 251/2.
Thair landis, rentis … graingis, pasturis, lesuris, woddis [etc.]
1541 Rec. Earld. Orkney 62
Woddis, forestis, mylnis, [etc.]
1550 Lochwinnoch Par. 20.
Milnes, multuris, widdis
b. (1) 1097–1107 Facs. Nat. MSS I 6.
1153–65 Liber Melros 9, 10.
Carta Osulfi de Ringwude … Osulfus filius Uctredi … ego Osulfus … concedo ecclesie scilicet Marie de Melros … Ringwude
1165–73 Reg. Paisley 5.
Ecclesiam de Ledgerdwode
1180–9 Reg. Episc. Glasg. I 45.
Ecclesiam de Karnewid
c1200 Liber Calchou in Barrow Anglo-Norman Era App. C. 200.
c1200 Liber Dryburgh 99.
Totum boscum nostrum de Gleddiswod
1228 Reg. Episc. Glasg. I 126.
Ricardo de Eywude
1380–1 Reg. Dunferm. 272.
De Aldcambus tenendo usque Greynside et deinde usque Redcluhewudys …
c1475 Wall. iii 398.
To Laglyne wode thai raid
1541 Crim. Trials I i 325.
1548 Ex. Processes (Reg. H.) (Borthwick v. Hume).
The landis of Trottynschaw Bire Cleuch and Handax wod
1569-73 Bann. Memor. 333.
He past to ane huntis in ane woud callit Ventonis woud
a1578 Pitsc. I 251/8.
Scho [sc. the ship] waistit all the wodis in Fyfe except Falkland wode, by all the tymmer that was gottin out of Noraway
1615–16 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 375.
im spaikis that come out of Monteyth woode
1649 Falkirk Baron Ct. 7 Aug.
For taking awey of ane aikine trey furthe of Morres woode
(2) a1300 Charter at Dargavel in Orig. Par. I 77.
Gillisius of the Estwod
1492 Reg. Episc. Morav. 244.
The vod of Croy
1495 Acta Conc. I 407/1.
The dod wod
1499–1500 Acta Conc. II 395.
As to the distruccione and doune cutting of the sade David wod of Polworth
1503 Acta Conc. III (1993) 337.
The wrangus [distruccione] of the haile wod of Previk
1513 Doug. v viii 56 (Sm.).
The wod of Archade
1515–16 Treas. Acc. V 70.
Beir to Johne Drummond quhilk laubourit in the wood of Cummernauld for gun stokkis makin
1541 Treas. Acc. VII 497.
Wirkand in the wod of Newbottill upoune the cutting and clengeing of wod to be charcole
1555 Acts II 497/1.
Gif the wod of Falkland was auld failȝeit and decayit in the grouth thairof
1575 Carrick Baillie Ct. 11 Nov.
Four hundreth merkis … for the price of the Wod of Dalquhorrane
1617 Montgomery Mem. 265.
The woid of Eistwoid
1624 Peebles Gleanings 47.
Ten laidis of kaiberis out of the Ploro woide
1643 Sc. N. & Q. XII 60.
To the foster of the vood of Ruthuen
c. 1152 Liber Calchou 43.
Aquam piscatoriam in Twedo que pertinebat ad Wudehorn
c1180 Liber Calchou 227.
c1180 Liber Calchou 333.
1214–49 Liber Melros I 234.
Testibus Waltero de Wdforde
1214–49 Liber Melros 249.
1469 Ayr Friars Pr. Chart. 52.
His tenement into the Wode Gate of Are
1503 Coll. Aberd. & B. 504.
Finem silve, uulgariter le Wodend
1539–40 Prot. Bk. J. Cristisone 67.
[The] Wodsted of Corryne
16.. Hist. Kennedy 60.
The wod, contrair Esche-wod-dykis
1632 Lanark B. Rec. 323.
The burne be eist Lokartbrig callit the Wodendburne
d. 1295 Reg. Episc. Morav. 472.
Willelmum Wod
1453–4 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 260.
Georgio Chorisvode cancellario

2. Trees, etc. collectively, woodland, wooded land. Also proverb. Also in a list of the pertinents of an estate.(1) 1375 Barb. xvi 383.
A place … That had wod apon athyr sid
?1438 Alex. ii 578.
As hermyte in wod [F. en bois] and feild I haue leued
c1420 Wynt. vii 52.
A lytill hill … All wode abowt bathe thyk and fayre
a1500 Henr. Fab. 553.
Thay throw wood and wateris went
1522 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 66.
That na inquhellor within the burgh sall cut ony grawand wud within the howis common
1535 Acts (1597) i 103.
That everie man … plant woodde and forrest, and make hedges and haning … extending to three aickers of land
1535 Stewart 546.
Ane plesand yle of wod, watter and land
1536–7 Sc. Hist. Rev. VII 358.
Our landis of Drigrange … war reducit furth of wod and forrest to telit landis
1691 Kirk Secr. Commonw. (1964) 216.
When the champain ground was wood & forrest
1701 Brand Orkney & Shetl. 152.
A pleasant strath full of small wood
proverb. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 1692.
Better to haue in hand A bird in possessioun, nor twa in wod fleand
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1633 (see Mos n. 2).(2) 1577 Glasgow Chart. II 554.
With … all privileges of wod, watter, fewell [etc.]

3. possess. 1375 Barb. xiv 419.
Thar ost … Wald cum owt at the woddis sid And agaynys thar wittaill rid
?1438 Alex. ii 2893.
Vthir sall in buschment byde, Four houndreth at the woddis syde

4. attrib. a. Consisting of trees, bushes, etc. b. Wooded, growing with trees. c. With end, side, the edge of a wood or wooded ground. d. With dyke, a wall enclosing woodland. e. Belonging to, of or occurring in woodland, esp. of birds, animals or plants; specif. wodehen, the female of the woodcock (Wodcok n.). f. Woodfyne, ? a penalty associated with woodland or ? the stealing of wood, in which case the quot. belongs in 6 below.a. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 123.
Vndir wod lynd
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1344 (see Rice n.1 1 b (2)). 1513 Doug. vi iv 8.
Skuggis dym of a ful dern wod schaw
1561–2 Dumfries B. Ct. 42b.
That na person cutt doune … his nychtbors growand wod hege or vthir vod
b. 1456 Hay II 137/23.
Cow or calf … in wodland upbrocht
1561 Reg. Dunferm. 440.
1606 Edinb. Test. XLII 218b.
The onset & ȝaird I presentlie inhabit and duellis in till lyand in the wodknow
1608 Bamff Chart. 159.
With the thrid pairt of the wod of the said Middill Mawis and thrid pairt of the wodland thairof
1659 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 248 (see Unwood n.).c. 1577 Reg. Privy S. VII 176/2.
The landis of Litill Sauchin, Craigerne, the sait at the wodend, Skippertie
1375 Barb. vii 404 (C).
He By a vode-syde to sett is gane
1375 Barb. xvi 104.
At the wod sid thaim bykkerit
a1500 Colk. Sow i 307.
Sum be ȝone wodsyd singis
15.. Clar. iii 1642.
Bad thay sould be redie … In the wode syd
1578 Reg. Privy C. III 40.
He wes … convoyit to ane wodsyde besyd the said place
1621 Maxwell Mem. I 326.
At our cumming to the vodsyd out of Cairill
d. 1434 Liber Aberbr. II 66.
And sua south as the Brery Dyke gais callit the Wod Dyke to the Cartfurde
1588 Exch. R. XXI 383
For uphalding of the wod dykis of Faukland
e. a1500 Henr. Fab. 902 (H).
The wyld wod swyne
15.. Lichtoun Dreme 73 (B).
Ane heklit hud maid of the wyld wode sege
1602 Retours I Inq. Spec. Berwick (30).
Lie wodehennis
1612 Reg. Great S. 280/2.
Cum silvarum gallinis lie wode-hennis
1611-57 Mure Dido & Æneas i 637.
The wanton wod-nymphs fast abowt her throng
Urquhart Rabelais (Gargantua) I xxxvii.
Queests, cushats, ring-doves, and woodculvers
1684 Symson Descr. Galloway 79.
There is also … another excrescence they get from the roots of trees, and call it woodraw, it is a kind of fog or moss with a broad leaf, this they make use of to lit … a kind of orange or philomort colour
16… Herbarius Latinus Annot. ix (Bot.).
Ameos seu athanasia seu tanacentum, wodnep … [also] penewortht
f. 1669 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 50 (18 Oct.).
[Bargally claimed from the said John the penalty of his tack and for] ane woodfyne

II. 5. Wood as a substance, material or commodity; a piece of wood. Also of wode, wooden, at the wode, engaged in buying or shipping a cargo of wood, guiltie ofwood, guilty of stealing wood from a wood or forest. Also transf. An image made of wood. See also Brasil n., Fathold n., Pesche n., Pipe n.2 and Quhite wod n. b. specif. As a fuel. See also Burn-wode n. c. transf. Some variety of ? small coal. See also Mag wood n. and Pan-wod(e n.(1) 1542 Lanark B. Rec. 19.
That na wod be sald quhyll viij houris
1549 Elgin Rec. I 98.
That na persoun cut or peill ony of the Sanquary in tyme to cum … and quha apprehendis ony with the said void [etc.]
1549–50 Treas. Acc. IX 364.
To xvi warkmen quhilk wroucht certane wod and rys to be gabyounes
1587 Carmichael Etym. 16.
Teredo, a worme in wode
1594 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 3b.
For ane half honder wod ix d.
1622-6 Bisset II 230/19.
Schipis … laidned with woid
1697 Boharm Kirk S. 5 Sept.
Hewing of wood
(2) 1578 Inv. Q. Mary lxxi.
Chas men of bane … chas men in personages of woid
1612 Bk. Rates (Halyb.) 297.
Diacles of wode the dozen, xii s.
(3) 1601 Dundee Shipping P. 70.
In Sant Amart … quhane we was at the wod payit
(4) 1675 Old Ross-shire I 91.
The delinquents withinwritten [are] guiltie of blackfish and wood to the avail of ten punds Scots
(5) transf. 1567 G. Ball. 236.
Bewar, I am ane jelous God, I am na image, stock nor wod
b. a1400 Leg. S. xlix 65.
To se the fyre, to bere the wod; For to se hir bryne
14.. Acts I 27/2 (see Pete n.1 1 pl. (1)). 1507 Treas. Acc. IV 92.
Payit to Andro Aytoun quhilk he laid doun for wod, colis [etc.] … for quinta essencia
1507–8 Treas. Acc. IV 99.
For xviij laid wod to the samyn
1540 Treas. Acc. VII 360.
To be fyre wod to melt the mettale witht
1560 Rolland Seven S. 4206.
Vther fallin wod I sall get to be fire
a1568 Bann. MS 14b/39.
As the stibill blawin Befoir the wind as fyre the wid … Dois burne
1596 Dalr. I 10/20.
Thay reid for wod vse … to thair fyre
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxxviii 10.
With the fyrie flammis of wod … They made that grit god sacrifyce
c. 1672 Sheriffhall Coal Accompt 28 Sept.
For gowffing the holl in the south syde of the Combe; for bearing of the wood thairof
1677 Fawside Coal Compt 18.
Of my uood 10 bools be William Uilsone
1679 Fawside Coal Compt 45.
For 8 dayes wood £5 13 s. 4 d.
1680 Fawside Coal Compt 54.
The thre panw[oods] are all 3 full uoods
1681 Fawside Coal Compt 80.
Resting be the salter to me for od wood £4 10 s.
1681 Fawside Coal Compt 82.
Panwoods 3 Septr. … Resting 22 bolls wood
1683 Fawside Coal Compt 103.
To Will. Lumsdaill for panwood £6; Item to Will. Martine & his sone for wood £2; Item to Will. Lumsdaill for mag wood 9 s.
1683 Fawside Coal Compt 115.
For 5 dayes wood to my pan £3 10 s.

6. attrib.a. With implements, persons, actions, places associated with working, etc. wood. Also wodfaing, wood-cutting (Fallin(g vbl. n.). b. Deriving from, made of wood. Also ellipt. c. Wodbreade, ? a board or piece of wood (Bred n.1 2).a. (1) 1375 Barb. xvi 361 (C).
He … wode-axis gert vith hym tak
1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 144.
[Goods of heirship] ane vod ax, … ane spaid graip and a schull and pyk
1535 Stewart 33960.
With ane wod-ax thair tha straik of his heid
1537 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 187.
Ane draucht of vodgraytht
1625 Reg. Great S. 300/2.
Lie schaft of the wode aix
(2) 1531 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 58.
To the wodwrychtis … for clengeing … of xv pece gestis
1537–8 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 230.
The … wodwrychtis cuttand … and dychtand tymmer in the parkis
1571 Fam. Rose 257.
The woddis … off the forest off Knok … ar dayly cuttyt … be comown wod cutteris
(3) 1569 Crosraguel Chart. I 184.
I renunce … the foure merkland … with … all maner of pertinentis … the wod and wodfaing only being acceptit provyding … the samyn be cuttit and tane away
1675 Cunningham Diary 54.
To James Spreuill for wood-cutting, £1 9 s.
1677 Fawside Coal Compt 23.
For wood leideing £2 6 s.
1679 Fawside Coal Compt 39.
For 3 dayes wood heweing £2
(4) 1585–7 Acc. Mary Q. Scots (Camden) 16.
The … offices of the … woodyearde and stable
1601 Dundee Shipping P. 69.
To him that is wreter of the wod hof 3 r
b. 1611 Reg. Privy C. IX 301.
[The said persons … under the] pretext of the playing of a wood fute ball, [came to the ball green]
1673 Leith Customs 11.
1 barrell of woad ashes 5 s.
1645 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. III 44.
A … woddische
1652 Peebles B. Rec. II 1.
The building of ane pulpitt … with thes threttie wodailles remaining from the said bridges
1681 Blackness Customs 16b.
Ten wood chairs
ellipt. 1612 Bk. Rates (Halyb.) 288.
Ashes called wode or soap ashes
c. 1585–6 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 441.
And the other partie had captiouslie involvit thame selfs for eschewing of a wodbreade in sic a labirinth as in the quhilk ane other Minotaure wald soner be slane then he could escape

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