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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1986 (DOST Vol. VI).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Quhare, Quhair, adv. and conj. Also: quhar, qwhar(e, quare, qwar(e, whare; quhaire, quair, qwayr, whair(e, vhair; quhaer; whear(e; quhaur; for, fair (with north-eastern f for quh. (Cf. Folp n.). [North. ME quar, war (Cursor M.), quare, whare (Cursor M.), whaire (a 1450), ME whor(e (Manning), ME ware, early ME quar, quor (Gen. & Exodus), hwar (Ancr. R.), ware (Ancr. R.), OE hwár, hwára, also hwar, hwara and ON hvar. Cf. also Quher(e.]Doubtless many of the following examples represent editorial expansion of the abbreviation qr (occasionally vr).In many senses also quhare that.

A. interrog. 1. In direction questions: In what place? Also, to what place, whither?a. (1) a1400 Leg. S. xxv 632.
Quhar has thu ben? quhat is done?
c1420 Wynt. v 5265.
Quhare wes God, … Befor that hewyn and erd wes wroucht?
Ib. 5285. 1456 Hay I 6/5.
The secounde questioun that is to say quhare was bataill first fundyn
c1475 Wall. i 262. c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. ii 2.
15.. Lichtoun Dreme 84 (B).
Quhair trow ȝe that I was?
1540 Lynd. Sat. 1302 (Ch.).
Jennie, my joy, quhair is thy dadie?
c1552 Id. Mon. 5260.
(2) 1549 Lamb Resonyng 3/3.
Quhar go ȝe to, and quhar lyis ȝour besynes

b. In rhetorical questions, also in the sense ‘to what place, whither’, expecting the answers ‘no longer here, departed’ or ‘nowhere’. Also c. in exclamatory questions, here quhair deil (= Where the devil).(1) a1500 Henr. Orph. 354 (Asl.).
Quhar is … Thy lippis red to kis delicious?
a1500 Seven S. 260.
Quhar is ȝour wit in to this case That has [etc.]?
1528 Lynd. Dreme 99.
Quhar art thov, May …?
1535 Stewart 7309.
Quhair is the kyndnes thow aucht to Claudius That maid thé king?
1549 Lamb Resonyng 19/12, 13.
Quhar wes the nobilite and thre estatis of Ingland at this proceding? Quhar wes Scotland … the quhilk wes neuer summond … ?
1567 Sat. P. iv 174.
Quhair sall men find steidfast stabilnes?
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. in Cath. Tr. (S.T.S.) 103/10.
And quhair ar thair monumentis?
c1590 Fowler I 81/103.
Whair is thair welth, whear is thair glorie great?
Ib. 282/13.
Whair sal we seik this blissed good, quhair sal we find it then?
(2) a1500 Henr. Orph. 153 (Asl.).
Quhar art thow gane, my luf Erudices?
a1605 Montg. Sonn. lvi 13.
Vhair go they [sc. tears, sighs etc.] then?
(3) a1500 Henr. Fab. 106, 107.
Quhar suld thow mak thy habitatioun? Quhar suld thow duell bot in ane royall tour?
c1590 Fowler I 276/39 (see Quhether interrog. and rel. adv. 1a).
(4) 1560 Rolland Seven S. 2548.
Than said the wife with voice stout and austeir, Hence thé, harlot, quhair deil gat we this freir?

2. In indirect questions: In, on or at what place. b. To what place, whither. c. ellipt. d. fig. a1400 Leg. S. xxii 305.
Tel now quhare the hurdis are
Ib. xxxii 194. 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 58.
[They] leite hym wit qwar the schip was rydand
?14.. Ship Laws c. 14 (B).
The maystyr is haldyn to luke qwhar he wyl ly
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1369 (Bann.).
Thocht I Demand ȝour birth [etc.] … or quhair ȝe dwell at hame
c1475 Wall. i 245.
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) v 54.
Thow knawis best quhair bindis thé thi scho
1513 Doug. xiii ix 56, 58.
Callyng to thar mynd, As quhou and quhar … The ostis first discumfist war … And quhar that athir rowtis … Constrenyt was to fle
1544 Aberd. B. Rec. I 199.
The maisteris of artilȝery to pas … and sers quhar ony irn may be gottin
a1570-86 Maitl. F. cliii 6.
Think thow man chaynge and wait not quhair to be
1560 Rolland Seven S. 9843.
Tell me … Quhen, quhair, & how happinnit ȝe on this ring
1571 Bann. Trans. 124.
I haivand knowledge … whare it was best to clymb
a1578 Pitsc. I 209/22.
No man wist quhat he did witht him nor quhair he eirdit him
1596 Sc. Hist. Rev. III 22.
Qwhen & quhair he last communicat
1645 Misc. Spald. C. I 56.
Ye will certanly knaw whair to find ws with the regiementis
b. 1375 Barb. vii 240 (C).
Scho askit hym … quhat he wes, And quhyne he com, and quhar [1571 quhethir] he gais
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 830 (D).
Bot quhar [C. whare] thai suld pas nocht wittand
Ib. 2519. a1500 Quare Jel. 551.
And not to pas and note quhare to aryve
1657 Dunferm. Kirk S. 49.
Thomas Trumble … being askit … quhair he was going answerit [etc.]
c. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2582.
And with his honde he schewed quhair
c1515 Asl. MS I 315/25.
Moyses decesit thar, quhom God berijt, bot neuer knawin to man quhar
1513 Doug. iv v 187.
He vanyst far away, I wait nevir quhar, Furth of this mortale syght
a1568 Bann. MS 143b/11.
He … graipit dounwart, ȝe wait quhair
d. 1549 Lamb Resonyng 39/10.
The maner of Kyng Henry the viij proceding at this tyme … makis presumptioun quhar his mynd was than to France and to his nephew of Scotland
1638 T. Hope Diary vi.
I am brocht to suiche a perplexitie that I know not quhair to fix my mynd

e. In non-local sense: In what instances, when it is the case that. c1650 Spalding I 251.
Consideration must be had whair girsumis ar payit at the entrie

B. The compound relative. 1. In indefinite and generalised use, in local sense: In any place that, in whatever place in which, wherever, if in any place. b. In or to any place to which, no matter to what place. c. ellipt.(1) c1420 Wynt. ii 1574.
Byggand quhar thare wyllys were
1427 Wemyss Chart. 52.
To make a myllyn dame quhare it best afferis
14.. Burgh Laws c. 40 (B).
Thai sal in pese gang qwhar thai wyl and get lauch ilkane of vthir qwhare thai may
c1475 Wall. ix 335, 336.
Feill men may pas quhar thai fynd na perell; Rycht few may kep quhar nayn is to assaill
1481–2 Misc. Spald. C. II 324.
The qwylk mes sall be doyn at owr he auter or qwayr it plesis the hoyr man for the tym
1491 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 28. 1497 Acta Conc. II 92.
Quhen and quhare it efferit
1586 Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. in Paisley Mag. (1828) 386.
Lat any mend it quhair thair is neid
1662 Forbes Baron Ct. 231.
To go and mak search quhair thair is any thing amiseing
(2) 1449 Acts II 36/2.
It is ordanit at the justice do law oute throu the realme & quhar he may nocht hald iustice of masterful men he sal … certify the king thairof
c1475 Wall. i 131.
Quhar that stayne is, Scottis suld mastir be
a1500 Seven S. 933.
And quhar thai hard thaim murnyng mak Enter and all that houshald tak
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) xl 13.
Quhair lairdis war patronis, oft I sang thame Charitas pro Dei amore
1529 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 102.b. 1375 Barb. ii 370.
That quhar he come thai maid him way
Ib. xiii 202. a1400 Leg. S. xxvii 465.
Quhar thu gays, wil I ga
c1475 Wall. viii 516.
Abbays thai spard, and kyrkis quhar thai ȝeid
a1500 K. Hart 840.
And wait on me als quhylum quhair ȝe wend
1513 Doug. xiii vii 30.
Quhar he went, excellent all the lave And hyear far a gret deill semys he
Ib. iv vii 90. 1544 Acts II 448/2.
To pas fordward with my lord governoure quhaire his grace plesis to pas
1560 Rolland Seven S. 8523.
The mother flew ouir feilds quhair scho thocht best
c. a1500 Henr. III 135/20.
Quhen evir I pleis, quhat tyme, quhat plais, or quhair

d. Sa wyde quhare = as widely as. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 419.
Sa wyde quhare wourscip walkis be west

2. In definite use, in local senses: In or at (also from) a. the place or places that, that place or those places in or at which, b. a place in or at which.Also with thare and hence as antecedent.(1) 1375 Barb. xix 101 (E).
For quhar swa rycht worthi a knycht … Was put to sa welanys a ded, Myn hart … may nocht gif me To duell
a1400 Leg. S. xli 324.
Sancte Agnes kyne … Come to wak dewotely A nycht, quhare Agnes can ly
?1438 Alex. ii 1473.
Now gude dede salbe prysit, Quhare the gude sall haue honour
Ib. 4520.
Of handis and heidis … He maid ane lardnare quhare he stude
Ib. 4795.
Ane squyre went without hone To feche him quhare he allane Was prayand
c1420 Wynt. v 991. Ib. 5287. 14.. Burgh Laws c. 30 (B).
In na stede bot qwhar the borwage lye
c1450-2 Howlat 307 (A).
At the forsaid trist quhar the trete tellis
Ib. 367. 1459 Rep. Hist. MSS, Varr. Coll. V 82.
1482–3 Acta Conc. II cii.
The lordis … ordanis that letters be writin to the schireffis quhar the said landis liis
a1500 Seven S. 448.
Quhar it [the cradle] stude The serpentis blud lay all about
Ib. 900.
I am quhar I may neuer get out
1580 Misc. Spald. C. II. 53.
Thair eftir I paist to Dunnotter, fair I beheld his grace at his supar
1561–2 Edinb. Old Acc. II 161.
For casting furth of ij lyntillis abone the wobsteris quhare thai wrocht … xij d.
(b) a1450 Fifteen Ois 326.
Thow steid it quhair thi sanctis is
a1500 K. Hart 134.
Abone thair heidis fayr quhair thai ryd
1506 Treas. Acc. III 331.
To the wif quhair the king disjunit, xiiij s.
1531 Bell. Boece (M) I 96.
Na honeste nor sikkernes in erd, bot quhair the Romanis bene masteris
1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 98.
Reparing of the kingis kechin and court kechin quhair thai war failyeit
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus i 399.
With hir awin hand scho happis me quhair I ly
Id. Seven S. 85.
Poist efter poist, quhair he lay in weilfair, Sone till him come
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 388.
With stones that mekle mair can doe In leich craft, whair scho layis them toe
a1605 Montg. Flyt. 483 (T).
‘Quhair we clip,’ quod the cwmmeris, ‘it cummeris na kame’
1581-1623 James VI Poems II 41/56.
The man gois foorth unto his uorke … & … remainis auay At leifsum laboure quhaire his liuing lyis
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 703.
Quhair the deer is slain, some bloud will lye
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxxii 30.
I will not bind, bot vhair I bound to byde
1596 Dalr. I 51/20. c 1613 Haddington Corr. 125.
My desir is to be quhair ye ar
c1650 Spalding I 213.
The Scottis army … cam to Dunss, four myllis fra the kingis army, quhair thay lay incampit
(2) 1375 Barb. xi 121.
Thai war so fele quhar at thai raid
1456–70 Acts XII 27/1.
Begynnand at the burne that gays fra Auchquhorty quhar that the strype fallys in the said burne
1474 Treas. Acc. I 27.
Braid clath to lyne the sleiffis of the kingis doublat quhare that silk was put on
a1500 Henr. Fab. 756.
Vnder ane busk quhair that the sone can beit
Ib. 1021. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 213.
Stra wispis hingis owt, quhair that the wattis ar worne
Ib. (O.U.P.) ix 75. 1513 Doug. xi xiii 96.
Betwix the hawbrig and the helm inhy Quhar that his hals scho dyd nakyt aspy
1535 Stewart 46766.
That samin tyme quhair that the tryst wes set; With this ladie thair at the hunting met
(3) a1500 Henr. Fab. 943.
Se neir be twentie mylis quhair I [the Lion] am The kid ga saiflie …
(4) 1496 Treas. Acc. I 291.
For aill thare quhar the king drank
c1590 Fowler I 254/4.
That wise and worthie dame Thou hast removed hence whair scho did duell

c. To the place or places in or at which. 1375 Barb. vii 308.
That I can bryng ȝow quhar thai ly
a1400 Leg. S. i 100.
To the prince sa spak he thane That quhare Petire wes he wane
c 1423 (1431) Reg. Great S. 45/2.
We sall set our awne sele to this sayd letter quhen we cum quhar it is
1456 Hay I 114/19.
To pas … quhare thai have ado
a1500 Rauf C. 131.
Than benwart thay ȝeid, quhair brandis was bricht
a1500 Seven S. 1982. 1535 Stewart 53746.
This Hiltamis … Come to his bruther quhair he wes in Pert
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 167. c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus ii 410. c1552 Lynd. Mon. 129.
I fuir furth … Quhare I mycht heir the birdis sweitlie syng
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 281.
It behouit Christ … to passe vp reallie Quhair he abydis
c1590 Fowler I 219/13.
With hope I may attene quhar I derect My flight and flams
c1475 Wall. v 191.
Syn furth he went quhar at he hard the horne
a1500 K. Hart 585, 586.
Ressoun ran on quhair at Discretioun lay In to ane nuke quhair na man culd him find
a1500 Bk. Chess 2165.
And neuer a bak to cum quhar that he was

d. At the passage or point (of a writing or other process or course of action) at which; esp. quhair one left.(1) c1450-2 Howlat 633 (A).
I will to my first matere, as I eire maid, And begyn, quhar I left, at lordingis deire
1456–70 Acts XII 27/1.
Eftyr the deceis of this lard of Meldrum succedit tyll hyme ane othir lard and largly begwd quhair his predecessor lefte
1531 Bell. Boece I 108.
Bot we wil return to our historye, quhare we left
(2) a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 115/21.
In the evangelis, quhair mencione is maid of the lettar suppar
Ib. 128/12.
First quhare it is said that it is ane spiritual body … quhilk is contenit in the blissit sacrament
1570-3 Bann. Trans. 426.
He sayis to his wyfe, goe reid whair I caist my first ancre

e. With resumptive meaning: At which place, and at or in that place, and there; also, and then.(1) 1492 Myll Spect. 289/19.
He was … cassyn doun at the trape … quhar his seruandis in the boite keppit him sone
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 49.
On Florais mantill I slepit as I lay, Quhare sone in to my dremes fantasy I saw [etc.]
1513 Doug. vi xvi h. of ch.
Eneas nurys, Caieta can deces, Quhar ȝit the place kepis hir name
c1590 Fowler I 37/17.
I … on thame bothe encrochte, Quair I perceaved the one to be a freind vnto our name
(2) 1375 Barb. ix 761 (E).
The king … send hym to be in ferme keping Quhar that he allane suld be
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 134.
Than crap I throu the leuis, and drew nere, Quhare that I was richt sudaynly affrayit
a1568 Scott xxii 19.
Quhair that I fynd bot feid My langour for to lett

Introducing a clause which is the obj. of f. a preceding, g. a following, prep.: the place at or from which, at or from which place.f. 1375 Barb. vi 554 (E).
To the place Fra quhar [v.rr. Quhar fra, Quhairfra] the king departyt was
a1400 Leg. S. ii 403.
And stall a-way … The twa bodis … fra quhare thai lay
14.. Acts I 344/2.
Ande call all thame that ar absent fra the ayris before quhare it is brevit at the hed, prima dies, secunda dies … etc.
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1284.
For as I passit by Quhair that he lay
a1500 Seven S. 2016.
Abone quhar the pyot sat A hole thai made
1529 Dundee B. Laws 546.
North vp quhar the heggis of grosaris standis, in-put be the saidis freris
1585 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 407.
And the skyn with the bowk or layet hard by quhair the sam hings or lyis
c1590 Fowler I 62/127.
Beyond whair that Egeum sea dois sigh and murne so oft
g. a1570-86 Maitl. F. 199/82.
O conquerour of all honour Ascendit wes quhair thow come fra
1596 Dalr. I 27/22.
That now we may returne, quhair we cam fra
1642 Rothesay B. Rec. 951.
Quhair the hous standis upone … j aiker

3. In non-local senses and as a conjunction. a. Introducing a clause which merely states a relevant circumstance: Considering the fact that, it being the case that, inasmuch as.(a) 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
And qwhar ȝhe say that Berwike … & certayne landis of yhouris … was brende be my men … brekand the trewis … tharto I answer [etc.]
Qwhar yhe say yhu mervalys gretly that my men … has brennede the toun of Berwik [etc.] … I vnderstand that giff yhour hee excellent war [etc.]
1482 Thanes of Cawdor 64.
That quhar the Thane of Caldor has takin his sone and withhaldis him in presone [etc.]
1518 Glenartney Doc.
That quhare he has the forestary of Glenarknay of ws … by our lettres in autentik forme
1633 Orkney Witch Trial in Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 547.
(b) 1597 Paisley B. Rec. 211.
That quhair aither of the saids parties … invadit utheris [etc.] … and thairfoir [etc.]
1629 Justiciary Cases I 141.
That quhair I being wairdit [etc.] … for the allegit slauchter of [etc.] … I meanit my self to ȝour lordships and [etc.] … and was ordourlie relaxt [etc.] … and whearas [etc.] … heirfoir I beseik ȝour lordships to giue command [etc.]
1645 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 49.
Makand mention that quhair his said vmquhill father being bot ane cautioner for Edward Raban, printer, of this burghe
(c) 1585 Boyd Fam. P. No. 69 (31 March).
That quhaur he has obtenit ane decreit [etc.]

b. Introducing a dependent clause which states a (freq. adverse or undesired) hypothetical circumstance or condition: In the case, situation or circumstance in which, when it happens that, if it is or was the case that, should it turn out that, if, when.In some examples ambiguous with local senses.Siclike as quhar (that), = just as if.(1) 1375 Barb. i 456.
Bot quhar God helpys, quhat may withstand?
Ib. vii 362 (E). 1415 (1430) Reg. Great S. 39/2.
1456 Hay II 161/4.
Quhare I fand ony that was contrarious to my lay I mycht lefully … tak fra thame bathe thair gudis and thair lyfis
c1475 Wall. ii 302.
It has bene seildyn seyn Quhar Scottis and Inglis semblit bene on raw Was neuir ȝit … Bot othir a Scott wald do a Sothroun teyne, Or he till him
a1500 Quare Jel. 409.
That neuir more is pes Quhare suich a tong hath dominacioun
1490 Irland Mir. I 27/7.
That quhare a riche man has nocht a naturall sone … he may cheis and tak a pure man
1513 Doug. iv Prol. 199.
Quhar schame is lost quyte schent is womanhed
Ib. ix Prol. 82. 1521 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 63.
Quhar the bred kepis nocht the wycht, the baxter to be in viii [s.] unlaw
1533 Boece 241.
Eschamyng nocht quhare thai slay thare inemye to lape the hate blude
1396 Sc. Ant. XIV 217.
And qwhare that faylyheys of xl marcis … the forsayd erle sal aseth hym [etc.]
1459 Rep. Hist. MSS, Var. Coll. V 82.
Qwar that thai discord amang thaim self … they sal byd at the terminacion of thar midmen
a1500 Quare Jel. 506.
Thare is no lufe quhare that such thing is w[r]ocht
1513 Doug. iv Prol. 125.(b) ?1438 Alex. i 1286.
Quhair he [Pyrrus] ane wickit man couth knaw He luiffit him nocht
1531 Bell. Boece I xxxiv.
This herbe is sa brudy, that quhair it is anis sawin or plantit, it can nevir be distroyit
1535 Stewart 30185.
With auerice so blindit … He countit nocht quhair riches wes to wyn At richt or wrang … to begyn
15.. Christis Kirk 167 (B).
Quhair thair gobbis wes vngeird, Thay gat vpoun the gammis
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 102.
Bot this ȝoung squyer … Sauit all wemen quhair he micht
c1552 Id. Mon. 541.
Bot quhair I mys I pray thé till amend
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 28. 1572 Peebles B. Rec. I 337.
Quhair superabundance of stanis is to help vtheris thairwith that mistaris
1588 King Cat. 69.
Neuertheles quhair vrgent necessitie is, vthers also may baptis
c1590 Fowler II 21/5.
Bot quhair honesty can haue na suey modestie can haue na strenth
1595 Skene in Misc. Stair Soc. I 142.
The butter is delyverit in barrellis quhair the quantitie is greit
1610 Crim. Trials III 127.
Whair the pairtie slayne is vnder the traist [etc.] … of the slayer, all sik mourthour … sall be treasoun
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1078.
Litle luk for the hyre women to get quhair the gudewife liks the ladill
(2) 1375 Barb. vi 166.
That quhar he hyt ewyn a strak Thar mycht nathing agane-stand
c1475 Wall. vi 223.
Quhar men may weipe thar curage is the les
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 137 (Asl.).
Bot quhar that kingis & ledaris of the law Brekis faith to God … Thar ciuile iustice mon suffer gret our thraw
1513 Doug. iv Prol. 11.
Quhar schame is lost, thar spredis ȝour burgeonys hait
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. vi 21.
For quhare thi tresour is, thar alsa thin hart is
1562-3 Winȝet I 75/24.
And quhare is cheritie thair is God
(b) a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 865.
Quhair that fortoune will faill, Thair may na besynes availl
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1302.
Quhair thair is wyves, there are there words, quhair there is geiss the[re] are there tuird[s]
(3) 1513 Doug. iii x 45.
Syklyke as quhar that, with thar hie toppis, The byg akis strekyng in the ayr thar croppys

c. Introducing a dependent clause which alludes to a circumstance that is in contrast or inconsistent with or is controverted by what is stated in the principal clause: While it is the case that, despite the fact that, albeit, whereas, even though.Freq. with now or nochttheles as correlative expressions.(a) c 1390 Reg. Morton I App. xl.
That qwhar that he his landis [etc.] … was vndir … the protectioun of owr Kyng Robert … thou come … to the tounis of [etc.] … and thare wrangwisely … thou … tuk away [etc.]
a1500 Seven S. 2731.
And quhar scho plenȝeit on me that I Wald hir haf forsit sa cruelly God wait … Gif that scho [etc.]
a1500 Quare Jel. 436.
And quhare of long it hath bene said … That of hote lufe ay cummith jelousye That sentence is interpret to amys
1543 Acts II 429/1.
That quhare it is to be remembrit be my lord governour and thre estatis … how thai … convenit togidder at Striueling and Linlithqw redy to haue seruit the quenis grace … howbeit thai ware … stoppit be certane evill avisit personis … nochttheles it is neidfull to thaim to haue declartioun of parliament that thai did na thing contrare the quenis auctorite
1548 Ayr Chart. 40.
Makand mentioun quhare that the saidis provest [etc.] … ar infeft of fre borrowaige … als frelie as [etc.] … and hes bene in use [etc.] … nochttheles Leonard Clerk … hes [etc.]
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1773.
Quhare wes bot ane language affore, Gode send thame languagis three schore
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 128/1.
And quhare thow thinkis it strange … that [etc.] … thow sal considder that [etc.]
(b) ?1438 Alex. ii 7825.
Quhair [F. quoi que] the king thus can bourd and play, The barrounis raid thair hey way To Clarus tent
?a1500 Steel Roy Robert 47.
And quhair thow wrytis and schawis till ws … That our successouris aucht to be Servandis till ȝouris gre be gre Thow leyd thairof
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) xlii 9.
I do lyke ane rid halk schout, To cum to lure that hes na leif, Quhair my plumis begynnis to mowt
Ib. xvii 43.
Quhair I wes hurt with jelosy And wald no luver wer bot I, Now quhair I lufe I wald all wy Als weill as I luvit I wene
1544 Acts II 447/1.
1558-66 Knox II 280.
Whair commonlie befoir thair used to be slauchter … thair was as great quyetnes
1567 G. Ball. 147.
Quhair that we suld glaidlie behauld Our Sauiour, … Now ar we baneist mony fauld
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 125.
And lat ws merk the wourdis thairof [sc. of the text] richt weill, As quhair it sayis nocht that, that man sall be Cast furth that bydis nocht in Christ constantlie, Bot speykand in the present tyme it sayis [etc.]
1572 Sat. P. xxxiii 259. Ib. 263, etc. 1575 Reg. Privy C. II 472.
That quhair thay … hes bene in use [etc.] … quhill now laitlie that Johnne Dowglas … hes seduceit [etc.]
1602 Shetland Sheriff Ct. in Misc. Maitl. C. II 145.
That quhair the Dutche merchandis … hawing thair cowpis sett … for keiping of ane lawfull tred … nochttheles thai … sellis thair wairis with unlawfull mettis [etc.]
1661 Rothesay B. Rec. 68.
Makand mentioun that quhair the said persewar hes good and undoubtit right to the lands … and quhair the said Johne Gray haid sold to the said perseuar all and haill the saids lands … notwithstanding quhairoff the saids defendaris … did wrongously intrude thameselffes [etc.]

d. Introducing an adversative clause the statement of which is in contrast with the statement of the principal clause preceding: While on the contrary, whereas. 1375 Barb. vii 528.
For thai war sex quhar he wes ane
1456 Hay I 293/20.
And in takenyng that thair [emperors'] dignitee is mare … excellent, thai ar crownit with thre crownis quhare othir kingis ar crownit bot with ane
1533 Bell. Livy I 43/25.
Ane hundreth kingis rignand abone thame quhare thai suld haue bot ane
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus i 680.
He conuallessit within ane littill space, Quhair he befoir was melancholious
1562-3 Winȝet I 8/35.
To sustene ane minister, quhare three hundreth ryche and pure wes sustenit afore
a1568 Scott xxiv 15.
Hir court he[s] jo, … Quhair his hes wo withowttin ho
c1590 Fowler I 299/130.
Wheare on the other syd al those who ueked ar and euil sal perish
Ib. II 78/27.
Quhair be the contrare colonyeis … ar mair commodious and helpful

e. Indicating a person or thing as the object of feelings of affection, enjoyment and the like or their opposites or the source of something: (In, at, by etc.) the person whom or that which. Cf. Quhare-ever 1 b. c1460 Consail Vys Man 373.
Lak nocht quhar thow has louit mekile
a1500 Quare Jel. 469.
Quhare that thou lovith thou feynyth that, ypocrite
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 324 (Arund.).
And of the taist followis tediosite, A man takis leth quhair he had air delit
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 216.
And gert … mercy seme quhare that I fand no grace
Id. (O.U.P.) xvii 45 (see c (b) above).

f. To the person or persons to whom. 1456 Peebles B. Rec. I 116.
And the laf to be dissponyt qwar mast ned ys

C. The simple relative. 1. Having an antecedent denoting a place, or a locus of some action or activity, or a point in a narration or discussion, or the like: At, in, on which (place etc.). a. In a restrictive clause (cf. Quhilk adj. and pron. 7).(a) 1375 Barb. iv 479 (E).
To that place quhar thar repair is
a1400 Leg. S. xvi 608, 609.
He gert hyme al the placis se Quhare Criste had bene in that citte & quhare he the treutht can teche
1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
c1420 Wynt. vii 2988.
In to the innys, lang or day, Quhare that the Erle off Athole lay, A fell fyre hym to colys brynt
1424 Dumbarton B. Rec. App. ii 2.
To that place qwhar thai trow that sunnest remede [etc.]
1427 Acts II 13/2.
And to expende the froyte of thai landis in the cuntre quhare the landis lyis
14.. Burgh Laws c. 9 (A).
In na kyn sted … bot in that ilk burgh quhar he is burges
c1450-2 Howlat 369 (A). c1460 Consail Vys Man 280. c1475 Wall. iv 382. Ib. v 914. 1490 Irland Mir. II 20/16.
The gret creid of the mes quhar is said Credo in vnum deum
a1500 Seven S. 885.
[He] fande the hole quhar thai com in
1491 Treas. Acc. I 184.
For a new inlok to the dure in the castell quhare the charteris lyis
1508 Reg. Privy S. I 250/2.
Quhether the saidis Patrik and Jhone pas in the realme of France or uther partis quhare ples thaim
1512–13 Treas. Acc. IV 465.
To the man that auch the kill quhar the tollis was dryit
1513 Doug. iii i 22.
The feildis dissolait Quhar [Ruddim. whare] Troys ryall cite stude of lait
1531 Bell. Boece II 336.
And interditit all placis quhare thay com
1533 Boece 83.
Conscending ane hicht, quhare be the pepill he mycht be sene
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 123/24. c1590 Fowler I 122/132.
(b) a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 490 (Ch.).
To Troy … they raid The way quhair Cresseid with the lipper baid
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 275.
A place to grath, quhair he sulde eit the lambe
1558-66 Knox II 127.
Yf thei will limitat the power of princes to the places onlie whair thair bodelye presence is
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 113/7.
And als conforme to the vordis of the apostil vriting to the Corinthyis quhair he makis mencione of the blissit sacrament
c1590 Fowler I 157/7.
Is this the breist quhair chastetie is schrynde
1611 Melvill Dream in Fugitive Poetry II ii 17/7.
1627 Bamff Chart. 210.
1656 Conv. Burghs III 420.
(c) c1590 Fowler I 75/218.
And so thay all past ioyfullie togeather in that way Wheare that the saltish watrie wawes dois brek on Bayas bay
c1616 Hume Orthog. 2.
In the same seas quhaer sik a man's ship was sunck in the gulf of oblivion
(d) 1539 Aberd. B. Rec. I 159.
I sell leid thé to the place for the freir swewyt thé quhar thou tynt the pendace of thi belt

b. Introducing a ‘descriptive’ relative clause (cf. Quhilk adj. and pron. 8).(a) a1400 Leg. S. xvi 624, 625.
To the monte of Olyvete A richt far place be-owt the towne, Quhare Criste did his deuocione, & quhare that he was eftyr tane [etc.]
1399 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 42.
At the altare of Sante Nicholas in the said abbay qware that the said (Davi) has ordanit his sepulture
c1420 Wynt. v 4663.
Vulcanus holl caldrown, Quhare Bellyallys barnys ware brulyhand
1454–5 Edinb. Chart. 79. c1475 Wall. viii 1498.
Till Tawbane waill, quhar at the Scottis lay
1490 Irland Mir. I 49/27.
He passis to purgatorie, quhar the pane is gret, bittir and felloune
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 93.
Full lustily thir ladyes … Enterit within this park … Quhare that I lay ourhelit wyth levis ronk
1513 Doug. i vi 92.
Vnder the erth quhar [Sm. quhair] ald hurdis hyd lay Of siluer and gold revelit a huge weght
Ib. vi x 75.
Within a wod of lawrer greyn thai dwell … Quhar … Erydanus … Flowys contyrmont
(b) ?1438 Alex. ii 1657.
At Gaderis, quhair that he was dede
a1500 Rauf C. 158.
And gang agane to the buird quhair ȝe suld air haue gane
1508 Treas. Acc. IV 108.
To the madinnis in Robert Bertonis hous quhair the king disjonit
1532 Reg. Cupar A. I 314.
We … sall hald in the dam heid quhair the watter enteris to the saidis lawaris
1567 Dunkeld Presb. II 88.
Yf it be Upaland, whaire the people convene to doctrine bot once in the weeke
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 1 (W). c1590 Fowler I 24/11.
To a secreit place my self for to reteir Whair all the causis and fashereis … Might thairby all affected be
Ib. 217/10.
Bright haire that sunne and eyes that starnes dothe schame, Quhaire love his toarche dois light and netts dothe mak
1596 Dalr. I 6/18.
In Ingland it is bettir quhair it is browne with hope
1604 Breadalbane Lett. 24 June.
Quhair I conferrit with my lorde chancellor and certane of the consall
1633 Acts V 9/2.
The inner hous quhair the lords of sessioun sittes
a1650 Row 127.
For … we haif the samen expressed in the Gospel of Saint Matthew, cap. xviii, quhair Christ commandes ‘to shewe the Kirk’
(c) c1590 Fowler I 268/3.
(d) 1656 Logie Par. Hist. 108.
He ownes also … the 8 article qr the man wes commandit from the pulpit etc

c. Introducing a ‘resumptive’ relative clause (cf. Quhilk adj. and pron. 9).(a) 1375 Barb. i 354.
To Sanct Androws he come in hy, Quhar the byschop full curtasly Resavyt him
a1400 Leg. S. x 8.
In til a towne he come forby, Quare in the tolbuth set Lewy
Ib. xx 205.
Ib. xxxv 253. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 811 (D).
Quhar [C. Whare]
1400 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 44.
To the marche … qware that I may haue spekyng with quhilk of thaim that yhe will send
c1420 Wynt. ii 260.
c1409-1436 Kingis Q. 178.
c1475 Wall. iv 328.
Wallace … went to the forest side, Quhar that he sawe full feill bestis abide
Ib. vii 651.
Syne brak the bryg, quhar thai mycht nocht out pas, Bot throuch a furd quhar narow passage was
1549 Compl. 3/12.
Quhar that ȝour grace mycht remane & duel
(b) 1535 Stewart 58467.
Syne in ane presoun … But meit or drink quhair that tha leit him ly, In that beleif fo[r] hungar he suld die
15.. Clar. ii 6.
Ane brig with pilleris wight, Whair that on bread ane man micht pas furth right, By quhilk to thame was no readie way
1566 Anderson Collect. Mary II 269.
And past be boytt with the pyrattis to Alloway, whair the king cumming was repulsit
1596 Dalr. II 219/26.
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xlviii 222.
And entrit in pace Then to the Douns, vhair that we raid a space
c1615 Chron. Kings 159.
Quhair he was brocht bak be the kingis command
1615 Crim. Trials III 369.
c 1641–54 J. Gordon in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 525.
The north syd is very rough, whair plentie of salmon and herring ar taken
(c) c1590 Fowler I 46/249.
At the fountanis syid Of Aganipp and Castalie; whear then I saw … Cydippe
Ib. 296/27.

2. In non-local sense: At, in, by, etc., which (action, situation, state etc.). Introducing a. restrictive, b. descriptive or resumptive, clauses.a. c1409-1436 Kingis Q. 55.
The crueltee of that vnknyghtly dede Quhare was fro thé bereft thy maidenhede
1482 Reg. Morton II 246.
Or ȝhit till all justicis ayris or chawmerlane ayris quhar his men sal happyn to be endyttit or arrestyt
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) vi 70.
Plane I revoik in thir quhair [Arund. quair] I myswent
Ib. xli 12.
It is no glaid collatioun Quhair ane makis myrrie, ane uther lukis doun
1539 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 94.
Ane act quhair George Gibsoun baxter gatt decreitt … for v furlotts quheitt [etc.]
c1590 Fowler I 238/12.
And stop these straits quhair cruel death did ame
1622-6 Bisset I 145/1.
That all … actis quhair witnessis ar nocht present be rollit
b. 1375 Barb. xvi 534 (C).
Till hevynnis blis Quhar alway lestand loving is
a1400 Leg. S. xxx 747. ?1438 Alex. ii 1303.
I saw ȝow now in sic ane neid Quhare that I wald nocht haue bene stad For all the gold that [etc.]
1419 Wemyss Chart. 45.
A consale … qware oure lord governyoure accusit the said Schir Jon … that [etc.]
1535 Stewart 46653.
Syne all thing les and moir Reformit hes quhair he faltit befoir
c1590 Fowler I 252/3.
I ran a restles race … Quhair I haue found long pains
1622-6 Bisset I 33/31.
[They] slew this Tonsett publictlie in oppin judgment quhair he wes doand mair wrang … than justice to the peopill
1628 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II 527.
The Advocat, who continewes a pleader before the Sessioun and Justice, whair the Justice Clerk sitts as a judge

3. With antecedent denoting a point or period in time: At which time. a1568 Bann. MS 86b/94.
The day of … iugement Quhair everye mannis werkis and intent Sall cleirlie kervit be befoir his e
c1590 Fowler I 64/176.
Within that place, that seasoun, tyme, and in that instant hower Whaire lowe required [etc.]

4. With antecedent denoting a person or persons: In whom. ?1438 Alex. ii 1978.
Sen God hes sik ane to vs send Quhair nathing may be to amend
Ib. 4798.
The vassalle come delyuerly Quhare God gart all gude multuply
Ib. 7939.
Lo! the oist of Inde before vs here, Quhare mare ryches and treasure is
1585 James VI Ess. 53.
Ignorants obdurde quhair wilful errour lyis

5. Dependent on a following enclitic prep., in various prec. senses; also with antecedent denoting a thing.Also Quhareabout, Quhareanent, Quhareat, Quharebe, etc. a1400 Leg. S. xxii 113.
He tane had halely the tresoure, Quhare-eftyre socht the empreoure
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 3095.
At one port … Of the towne, quhar-aboue was set Of marbill ane hors-hed
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 37.
The cuntrie … maid bandis amangis thame selffis that ilk ane sould help vtheris, quhairamang was greit watches

D. Passing from various above senses into a conjunction introducing a dependent noun clause, following verbs of perceiving, informing or the like. = That. 1375 Barb. x 703 (C).
I herd neuir quhar in ane land Wes castell tane so hardely
Ib. xi 39, xx 444. a1400 Leg. S. xxix 861.
I saw quare wild bestis thaim lacht
?1438 Alex. ii 7218. c1420 Wynt. v 1454.
Scho saw quhare men ware fechtande fast
1434 Buccleuch Mun. II 418.
We, Wat of Tuedy [etc.] … war present herd and saw … in the chapale of Our Lady … within the parych kyrk … of Peblis, qware the said John Geddes … made puire and sympill resignacyon of the forsaid half of Ladyhurd
a1500 Rauf C. 417.
Sa saw he quhair the coilȝear come
1505 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I 64.
That thai bystud harde say quhar witnes was tane quhene Thomas Bisset … pundit … ane hors of Robert Dougudis
1511–12 Selkirk B. Ct. MS fol 15a.
Jhone Haw producit ane letter of sesinge … contenand quhar James Haw resignit [etc.]
a1540 Freiris Berw. 545 (B).

E. In adv. phrases, as Alquhar(e, Ay-quhar(e, Ellisquhar(e, Every quhair, Na-quhar(e, No-quhar(e, Ony-whair; Otherquhair, Our-, Over-al(l)quhar(e, Ourquhare, seildin-, sum-, wide-quhare.

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"Quhare adv., conj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2023 <>



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