A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Ding, Dyng, v. Also: dinge, dynge. P.t. dang(e, dayng. P.p. dungin(e, -yn(e, dwngyn; doungin, doung-, downgyne; dongin, dongyne, -yng; dung(e, dwng, doung, dong. [Northern ME. ding(e, dyng(e (c 1300), ON. dengja.]

I. 1. tr. To beat or strike with heavy blows. (a) Abyathar thane … With stanys gert men his mouth dinge; Leg. S. iv. 234.
And I defend me sa agayne that thef that I dyng him wele; Hay I. 154/34.
That na furrouris … steip thair skynis in forehous … nor yitt ding thame on the hiegaitt; 1508 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 119.
Ane reid lioun … awfully dingand his bak; Bell. Boece I. 18.
Siclik of thame [drawaris of claith] outwith burgh dingand … or flaland claith; 1540 Acts II. 376/1.
[If] the saidis keparis … ding the saidis stirkis quhairthrow thai incur ony skaith; 1557 Peebles B. Rec. 238.
Men may nocht ding all doggis that barkis; 1567 Sat. P. viii. 45.
Quhen I … wald ding my brother and wald craib hir, scho wald ding me; Pitsc. I. 198/2.
The cock … With claps of ioy his breast he dings; Hume iii. 159.
Gif … the said Dauid sall stryk or dyng ony frieman or brother of the craft; 1609 St. A. Baxter Bks. 74.
David Philp … convict … for dinging and striking Issobell Thomson; 1642 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 292.
fig. Ȝour treason strang ȝour fyrie breist sall ding; 1581 Sat. P. xliv. 340.
(b) Thane dang scho hyr-self in the face; Leg. S. xxx. 351.
Scho … dayng hyr-self mouth & nesse; Ib. xxxi. 367.
Thai band hym, dang hym. and wowndyt sare; Wynt. vii. 2746.
Emynedus … dang the folk sa rigorously … That … thai left the place; Alex. i. 1122.
That Wilȝeam Forbas … cruelly dang and strak him and spulȝeit him of x s.; 1498 Acta Conc. II. 152.
My foregrantschir … That dang the devill and gart him ȝowle; Crying of Play 34.
Otheris alliegis thay dang him with skait rumpillis; Bell. Boece II. 98.
Eolus … baith herb and tre he dang; Rolland C. Venus i. 2.
Thay … straik and dang David for execution of the saidis lettres; 1567 Reg. Privy C. I. 578.
He hes dung the complineris with battons and dang them with his nevis; 1579 Ib. III. 208.
Thow … enterit wpon the said Iohn, dang and beft him; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I. 89.
He … beft and dang him in the heid … and sydis; 1612 Crim. Trials III. 243.
Androw Lesly … confest that his sone … strak and dang John Fergussone; 1624 Urie Baron Ct. 53.
(c) War nocht the duke now doungin sa; Alex. i. 2721.
Efter that I had tane his gere and dongin him; Hay I. 155/16.
The said Ewin … straike at me wyth ane say sting eftyr he had dingyn [sic] my son; 1567 Inverness B. Rec. I. 146.
(b) Quhou he was dung and beft intill hys sleip; Doug. xiii. Prol. 121.
His lady Voada bett & dung, his dochteris deflorit; Boece iv. iv. 130 b.
I am dung and broddit to gar me do … the thing that is abuif my pouer; Compl. 123/6.
He … send certane of his servandis to Leith to have dwng the said Henry with a batton; Bann. Memor. 77.
The beatin bark … dunge with wavering wind; Maitl. Q. lxxx. 2.
The drum wes brokin, and the drummer evill dung; Moysie 13.
Hir vnlaw modifiet to ten pundis … and fywe merkis to the pairtie dung; 1619 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 361.
He was ever cumerit with ȝow and thocht to haue dung ȝow; 1624 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 136.
(c) [The] stanis … ringis, quhen thay ar doung, as ane bell; Bell. Boece I. p. xi.
Our hors is reft; our selfis ar doung; 1572 Sat. P. xxxii. 25.
My men … was maist crwellie doung and hurtt; 1589 Maxwell Mem. II. 166.
Those swanns … Doung by ane eagle in the skies of late; Mure Dido i. 452.

b. To ding to dede (or to the deith), to kill by blows or strokes. Also with dede adj. Till ded with stanys thai suld thaim dyng; Barb. x. 618.
He dang him with his bow to dede; Wynt. i. 208.
Thai of Gaderis … to dede had him doungin thus; Alex. i. 1119.
Sum will me dulfully dicht, Sum dyng me to deid; Howlat 65.
Feill frekis thar thai feris dang to dede; Wall. vii. 485.
At Myttoun … Quhair twentie hundreth war dungin to deid; Steel Roy Robert 166.
Richt doggitlie thay dang thame all to deid; Stewart 27376.
An instrument of sik pissance … that with ane straik it sal ding a faa deid; Winȝet II. 6/22.

c. To beat with a rod or scourge as a punishment; to flog or lash. (a) Thane gert he hyme with schurgis ding; Leg. S. xxxvii. 193.
Se hou al there are very, That dyngis me; Ib. xlv. 111.
Thai could nocht fynd in thair hertis to dyng na chasty thair barnis; Hay I. 68/16.
With ane hauthorne skurge thy self and dyng; Kennedy Flyt. 327.
We sall nim teiche … To ding his barnis as he wes wont with wandis In to the scule; Stewart 57081.
Nor ȝit sal it be leful to the said pedagogis to ding thair disciples; Buch. Wr. ii.
So should kirk-pastors now ding it with the discipline rod; Birnie Kirk-b. xviii. 32.
(b) Thai … sone tuk Andrew, … & bittirly with schurgis dange; Leg. S. iii. 44.
Til thai that dang hyme wery ware; Ib. xxxvii. 196.
The fader and the moder wald have lerit him thair craft and dang him oft rycht sare thareto; Hay II. 151/1.
(c) With wandis sar He wes firste doungyne; Leg. S. ii. 10.
With yrne schorgis than gert he … hyme downgyne be; Ib. xix. 547.
The king … gert thame dungyne be but bad; Ib. xxxviii. 42.
The theyff aw to be weil dungyn or his er to be schorn; Acts I. 53/2.
Quhasa brekis trewis or pes suld be dungyn nakit throu the toune; Hay I. 243/19.
Thar faderis … sal … deliuer the said child to the iuge to be leschit, scurgit, and dungin; 1503 Acts II. 251/1.
To greit als fast … As ony barnis that war dung with wandis; Stewart 37906.
The apostillis … quhen thai war dung for preching of the evangil; Hamilton Cat. 200.
I wald be laith to wit hir dung; Philotus xc.

d. To overcome by force of blows; to assail with violence. Dungin is the deidly dragon Lucifer; Dunb. xxxviii. 9.
Thai dang and sloppit the Sabynis legiouns; Bell. Livy I. 86/12.
The garnisoun that was laid … to ding the Romane tentis in tyme of batall; Ib. II. 79/19.
Syne at the sege of Leith scho … dang the Frenchmen; 1573 Sat. P. xxxix. 38.
He … thair gyantis dang; Ib. 360.
The Pechtes [being] dung and chaste, the Scottis obteinit the first victorie; Dalr. I. 192/11.
The Donaldens … dung be the barrons in that warr; Garden Worthies 47.
The Erll … in end resolues gar ane devill dyng another; Spalding I. 22.

e. To batter or beat down with shot. All nycht our greit artallȝery lawborit, and has dong the tolbutht; 1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 249.
A galay … was so doung with the cannoun and othir ordinance, that she was … almost drowned; Knox I. 204.
The said earle … send to Striueling for amunitioun to ding the same [places] with; Diurn. Occurr. 182.
The said artailȝerie … quhairwith thaj dung Adam Fullartouns hous and platforme maid thairvpone all this day; Ib. 251.
To ding them so long as they sould be within shot; 1622 Melrose P. 458.

2. intr. To deal blows. Freq. with on adv. The Scottis men dang on so fast … As ilk man war a campioun; Barb. xv. 60.
Areste … with his sword about him dang; Alex. i. 1060.
Thair dang he on, bare doun and beft; Ib. ii. 1677.
As wytlace wy in to the ost he went, Dingand on hard; Wall. x. 401.
With daggaris derfly thay dang; Gol. & Gaw. 711.
Tha dang dourlie with mon ydoggit dynt; Stewart 6682.
Ib. 36915.

b. Const. on, upon, or at (a person or thing). Than dang thai on thame sa hardely; Barb. v. 367.
Thair mycht men heir … men dyng apon othir fast; Ib. xv. 480.
Thane on myn brest fast I dang; Leg. S. xviii. 625.
Dyngand on myn breste; Ib. 939.
The folk … That vpone him thair dingand was; Alex. i. 1123.
On athir side full fast on him thai dange; Wall. i. 411.
The fowlis all at the fedrem dang, As at a monster thame amang; Dunb. xxxiii. 109.
With swordis scharpe … Vpone the Romanis dourlie thar thai dang; Stewart 8543.
With gluifis of plait thay dang at vtheris facis; Lynd. Justing 58.
Blaw up ȝour trumpatis and on ȝour drummis ding; Maitland Maitl. F. xvi. 27.
[They] dang at his hall dur with ane garroun; 1615 Crim. Trials III. i. 276.

c. Of wind, hail, or rain: To beat or fall with violence. A blastrand bub … Gan our the forschip in the bak saill dyng; Doug. i. iii. 16.
Als thik as the hail schour hoppys and dyngis In furdys schald; Ib. ix. xi. 16.
The holsum herbis … Quhare on the dulce and balmy dew down dang; Lynd. Mon. 135.
Frome the heuin the rane doun dang; Ib. 1422.
Thair fell out in Morray ane cruell weit dynging on nicht and day; Spalding I. 81.

3. tr. To deal (blows) with force. The worthiest … rowtis ruyd about thaim dang; Barb. ii. 356.
The knycht of Clairmont … On Sacripant ane ackwart dint did ding; J. Stewart 31/58.

4. To pierce with a violent thrust. To bring thar caldrone or kettellis to the cros and ding thame throw with ane puncione; 1529 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 5.
He was doung throw the heid be ane ganye, quhare his face was bair; Bell. Boece II. 112.
Scho … dang hir self with ane dager to the hert; Ib. 123.

II. 5. To drive, impel, or dash with violence. Usu. with preps., esp. to (the earth, etc.). The iuge … tuk Andro, quhare he stud, And dange hym in a dongeone depe; Leg. S. iii. 215.
He … dang his handis on his face; Ib. xxix. 436.
Thir tua … Socht on thair fais sa sturdely, Quhill to thair baneris thay thame dang; Alex. i. 1373.
Thai … Byrstyt helmys, mony to erd thai dang; Wall. viii. 800.
The see tangle … is doung heir and thair … be alluvion of watter; Bell. Boece I. p. liii.
With his nevis tua of thame he dang Wnder his feit; Stewart 56342.
Be thir vj quæstiounis follouing al the ground of thare doctrine is doung in the dirt; Winȝet I. i 16/19.
In to dykis by dint it deidly dang thame; 1573 Sat. P. xxxix. 102.
Ane greit tempest … dang the said boit on the craggis; 1580 Inverness B. Rec. I. 281.
Quhill the castelis … war bayth doung to the ground; Dalr. II. 81/10.
Dinging hir violentlie to the earth, quhairthrow she lay deid; 1642 Aberd. B. Rec. III. 292.
The said Williame did ding him over the chimney fyre; 1669 Corshill Baron Ct. 87.

b. To drive (nails, etc.) with force. With gret force the nalis throw thai dang; Kennedy Pass. Christ 788.
The fader … dang ane staik in the erde; Bell. Livy I. 62/19.
Will ȝe ding whingaris in me, and put me of this world? Bann. Memor. 67.
Thai … dang tua naillis in the touch hollis of the tua small peices of ordinance; Diurn. Occurr. 58.
Thay … dang wadgeis in the said boir about hir said fingaris; 1598 Crim. Trials II. i. 46.
The calsey wes raveled with staikis of tymber, dung in the erd on both sydis; Spalding I. 37.

c. To send or convey with speed. That ye … mak the fire cros to be dung with all possible deligence throu all partis … of your offices; 1547 Stirling B. Rec. I. 50.

d. To drive into the mind or hearing; to din in one's ears. He had doung thame in mony mennis heidis ellis; 1555 Peebles B. Rec. 215.
The notable historie … apperis weray mete to be doung in the eris of al faythful catholik; Winȝet II. 3/7.
To ding continually in his earis … to think his regnne unsure wantand his moderis bennisoun; Declar. Causis 18.
This is dung in sik sort in the ministeris headdis that they caus all the pulpeittis to sound of it; 1588 Events Q. Mary & Jas. VI. 55.
Inculcating and dinging it in the eiris and myndes of all; Dalr. I.233/30.
The preachers of humilitie … They blew against the Bishops lang, And doctrine in the people dang; 1610 Bk. Pasquils 10.

e. To reduce to fragments, etc., by beating or smashing; to break in two, etc. Sen than nocht onlie smal thingis, bot the maist heich wes doung almaist to nocht; Winȝet II. 21/18.
Of the haill ludgeing … thair is na thing left unruinated and doung in drosse; 1567 Reg. Privy C. I. 498.
His thie baine was doung in tua; Pitsc. I. 143/14.
He was lyk to ding that pulpit in blads, and fly out of it; Melvill 33.
Had the wind been as it was the day before … our veshell had been dung in shards; 1641 Baillie I. 355.

6. To strike, force, or drive fra or from, out of or off (a person, thing, etc.). (1) Arme and shulder he dang him fra; Alex. i. 148.
Thay dang thame fra thare dykes than; Ib. ii. 9308.
Siclik the Trojanis … The vailyeant Grekis fra thair roumes dang; Bell. Boece I. xiii.
He … was doung fra the oppugnacioun … be force of pepil; Bell. Livy I. 113/29.
Fra his thowme thay dang a sklys; Christis K. 159 (B.).
Ather from uther feirclie dang the scheild; Clar. ii. 41.
Andro Moray … dings the Inglismen fra mony castellis; Dalr. II. 18/8.
I will them ding now from their braving towres; Boyd Fl. Zion Exc. xxiii. 2.
His oune [leg] was dong from him at the siege of Graveling; 1665 Lauder Journal 132.
(2) Thame to withstand At the cost syde, and dyng thame of the land; Doug. x. v. 154.
Ane multitude … quhilkis … war doung out of … thare ciete; Bell. Livy I. 12/15.
Quhen I was the nunnis amang, Out of thair dortour thay mee dang; Lynd. Sat. 1261.
Thei dang the sclattis of houssis; Knox I. 204.
Vowes war maid, that the Hammyltonis should be doung … out of the countrey; Ib. II. 320.
Ane cannone bullet dingis the revell … of one of the horsmenis legis; Bann. Memor. 234.
The officiar … is … maist oncourteslie doung off his feitt; 1615 Melrose P. 207.
[He] dang the pistollettis out of thair handis; 1623 Elgin Rec. I. 242.
One thing dang another out of my head; J. Row Sermon 7.
The rudder [is] either broke or dung off the hinges; W. Row Blair 142.

7. To beat, cast, or throw down. (a) For he thoucht to dyng hym doune; Barb. x. 410.
Ib. xix. 336.
Quhene Iowis mad thame bowne To dinge sante Stewyn with stanis done; Leg. S. ii. 512.
[I am] in will … To ding thame doun dourly that euer war in my way; Rauf C. 915.
He hecht hiely befor Mahovne That he suld dyng the sowtar dovn; Dunb. xxvii. 26 (A).
The burn on spait … Down dyngand cornys; Doug. ii. vi. 17.
With leyd pellokis … thar famen doun to dyng; Ib. vii. xi. 112.
The plebeanis brocht the Wolchis to sege and ding the ciete doun; Bell. Livy II. 65/28.
Laird Wemis with that company … set apoun the ennemyis … , dinging thame doune on heapes; Leslie 215.
Spaits … all her banks in their disdaine doun dings; Gardyne Garden 92.
He … causit ding doun sum houssis be south the brig of Die; Spalding II. 338.
Whosoevir sould ding the samyn [papingo] doun sould be capitan; 1665 Irvine Mun. II. 91.
(b) Schyre Andrewe … Wan the castelle off Andristoun, And to the erd syne dange it doun; Wynt. viii. 5008.
On the comouns of Effezoun Sic pay he maid, he dang thame doun; Alex. ii. 4490.
Thai stampit so till dovne thai dang the dust; Bk. Chess 333.
The Troianys … dang thame down with pikkis and poyntit styngis; Doug. ix. viii. 126.
He dang doun the Gaule that wes clummyn to the hicht of the Capitoll; Bell. Livy II. 222/29.
The squyer, with his burdoun, Sir Talbart to the eirth dang doun; Lynd. Meldrum 532.
Quhair sindrie godly thay dulefully doun dang; 1570 Sat. P. xiii. 68.
A readheadit tead … upon the wall, the quhilk I perceved and dang doun; Melvill 64.
Thay … dang doun and abusit beddis, burdes [etc.]; Spalding I. 320.
He dang doun the wallis of the Snaw kirk to big wp the college dykes; Ib. II. 154.
(c) The towne Wes takyn thus and doungyn doune; Barb. ix. 473.
How that … Thair men war slayne and dwngin doune; Ib. xvii. 832.
The castelle off Dalswyntown Wes takyn, and syne dwngyn down; Wynt. viii. 6606.
Thare hes he doungin doun mony man; Alex. ii. 9825.
The citte … Sall to the erd be dungin doun; Ib. 9848.
Sanct Lawrence … Apoun the fire with irne forkis downg doun; Kennedy Pass. Christ 585.
Thai sufferit the inemyis to ascend myd montane, traisting … thai mycht the more eselie be dung doun agane; Bell. Livy II. 214/23.
Quhare throuch ane gret part of the toun By violence wes doungin doun; Lynd. Mon. 3350.
The castel walis … [being] sair braschte and dung doun; Dalr. II. 144/1.
The brig of Tay was hailly dung down; 1621 Perth Kirk S. 298.
Piers were doung downe in severall places; 1655 Lamont Diary 95.

b. In figurative contexts or senses. I was … doung down amang the asse; Lynd. Trag. Card. 240.
Now ilk ane [prince] dyngis doun ane vther; Id. Mon. 5388.
Thow … doun hes doung The Empreouris … fierce furour; Rolland Seven S. 2077.
The pryde [to] ding doun Of thame that brocht to graif my deir; 1570 Sat. P. xi. 84.
A noble spirit … quhairthrow he vset to ding doune the douchtie; Dalr. I. 312/5.
I finde by death my daintie rose dung downe; 1631 Craig v. 31.
A number of pamphlets comes out dailie about Episcopacie, some to hold it up, some to ding it downe; 1641 Baillie I. 291.

8. With various adverbs: To drive, force, or beat abak or bak, again, away, furth, out or up. (1) Cipio … dang agayn thame that wald have fled the toune; Hay I. 51/32.
Thai with all thar complicis in fycht War dung abak; Doug. ix. xi. 51.
As certane contrarious wallis [= waves] ar doung abak; Winȝet II. 53/20.
Ding bak from me al vaitlayers for me; King Cat. 30.
I sould thois vords ding bakuart in thy throt; J. Stewart 60/116.
The king in haist meitis thame, and dingis thame bak; Dalr. I. 286/4.
I wes cassin in heir be ane tempest of weather … and being doung back again [etc.]; 1628 Soc. Ant. XXVIII. 443.
The erllis cam in and wes dvng bak agane; Spalding II. 337.
(2) That towne straytly assegede he … Bot thai ware dwngyn welle away; Wynt. viii. 3826.
Thair chiftane … dang the furreouris away; Alex. i. 102.
The an half of the gabionis and a part of the bastalȝe [are] dwng away; 1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 248.
(3) Schaip ȝe … harpeys expelland dyng … furth of thar faderis ryng? Doug. iii. iv. 79.
Vnder the payne of dinging furth of the punscheoun heid; 1517 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 172.
Our soldiouris could skarslie be dong furth of the towne; Knox I. 460.
They cruellie dang thame fourth of the castell; Pitsc. I. 303/14.
The place … quhair the Britannis he dang furth of thay boundes; Dalr. I. 138/17.
(4) Andro Wardin confessed that he dung off Rob. Murray's bonnet; 1656 Falkirk Par. Rec. I. 197.
(5) Wallace … Dang out his harnys; Wall. iv. 248.
The balyeis sall … ding out the fat bodim and deil the brewin; 1526 Stirling B. Rec. I. 26.
Out of hell the Devill scho wald ding out; Lynd. Sat. 4234.
Scho … with ane stane twa of his teith out dang; Rolland Seven S. 7847.
Thair [they] enterit in and dang out the portar frome the ȝett; Pitsc. II. 83/14.
Quhen the Danes ar dung out, the Nortmans [etc.]; Dalr. I. 82/21.
The king … dang out his eye with the spang of ane cocle-shell; Mure II. 253.
Ane wadge of irone to ding out the window in the heiche rowme; 1633 M. Works Acc. XXVI. 4.
I am hopefull the bottom of their plots shall be dung out; Baillie II. 237.
(6) Wallace full sone the brassis wp he dang; Wall. ix. 1348.
Juno … with hir awin handis Dang vp the ȝettis; Doug. vii. x. 48.
With ane dunt the dur sone vp tha dang; Stewart 35855.
Thai brocht foir hamberis and dang vp the … tolbuith dure perforce; Diurn. Occurr. 65.
I saw ane ding vp the lang scoirit window … , bot quha dang it vp I knaw nocht; 1600 Acts IV. 210/1.
Thay maisterfullie dang wp the vtter court yettis; Spalding I. 49.

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"Ding v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jan 2022 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/ding>



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