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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. IX).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Stand, v. Also: stande, staynd, stend, stond(e, stant, staunt. Pres. p. also standane, stan(n)and, stananand, etc. P.t. stud(e, stute, stuid(e, stuyd, studd, stwd, stw(i)de, stod(e, stoud, stood(e, stooid, steid, (stad). P.p. stand(in(g, -yn(e, -en, -it, stonden, studin(e, stode, stood(in, -en. [ME and e.m.E. stand(en (c1220), stond(en (Layamon), stan (Cursor M.), stoond (Wyclif), ston(e (1468-9); 3rd pers. sing. also stont, stunt, stænt (all c1200), stent (Lydgate), stante (Caxton); p.t. stod (Orm), stood (c1250), stode(n (1297), stud, stod(e (all Cursor M.), stoude (1557); p.p. istonde (c1175), standen, stondyn, -en (all Cursor M.), standed (1526), OE standan, stǫndan; p.t. stód(on; p.p. ᵹestanden. MDu. standen, ON standa, etc.]

I. Of persons or animals.

1. intr. To be upright, balanced on one's feet; to assume or maintain such a position; also in contradistinction to other bodily positions, as, sit, lie. Also to stand (ap)on fut, apon the fete, etc.(1) 1375 Barb. xix 451.
He went Befor the battaillis and … bad ilk man turn him … Rycht as he stud
c1460 Wisd. Sol. (STS) 456.
The foly of the ful garis hyme snapyr quhen he venis to stand
1460 Hay Alex. 123.
Vneth mycht sche sit stand or ly Sche was within sa trublit
1460 Hay Alex. 2186.
He mycht nocht stand he trimlis and he quakis
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1964.
Ryse vp, Lowrence, I leif thé for to stand
a1500 Rauf C. 454.
The carll beheld to the knicht, as he stude than
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 159.
The quhissilling wind blew mony bitter blast … vneith micht I stand
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Acts iii 8.
His leggis and his feet war sowdit togiddir; And he lap, and stude, and yede
1563 Edinb. B. Deeds 94b.
Thai could novther stand nor gang
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 213.
That he that stands may stand, and nocht do fall
1584 Gowrie P. 29.
Gowrie answeared … that he would mainteyne the veritie of that which he had spoken, … while he was able to stand
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xiii 180.
Thonyre flaw done … That stand one fut na man macht
1456 Hay II 158/15.
The fete that he standis apon
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 1125.
I lay full law, bot now I stand on fute
a1540 Freiris Berw. 538 (B).
Full drerelie vpoun his feit he stude

b. Const. prep. phrase indicating location, passing into sense 5.pres. a1400 Leg. S. ii 1034.
& fand a multytud wele greit Of Jowis, stanand at his yhat
a1400 Leg. S. xxv 703.
In the mydis of thai stand A laydy
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2976.
Thelagonius spered … At tham, was standing him about
c1420 Wynt. vii 479.
Quhille … I wes steward … And I before hym wes standand At his mete, and he syttand
c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 81.
Off gude folkis … There saw I sitt [etc.] … And in ane othir stage … There saw I stand … A full grete nowmer
c1475 Wall. ix 360.
That largest man, quhilk standis next yow by
1513 Doug. iii v 43.
Oft wald scho clepe … Apon the sawlis that onbodeit war, Beside Hectoris voyd tumbe stannand thar
1513 Doug. iv ix 89.
The queyn hir self fast by the altar standis
1530 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 28.
That na … forstallaris of woll … be fund … spekand, standand nor commonand with the sellaris tharof
1531 Bell. Boece I xxix.
The Deif Stane … ay the more he standis a dreich fra it, he heris ay the better
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 240.
The said men of weare standand in clois heids in readines to haue enterit at the bak of the samyne
proverb. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1705.
Ye bread of the gudemannis unkynd frends, ye will not cum in nor yit stand thairout
p.t. a1400 Leg. S. xxxiv 35.
Quhar scho ȝed or stud in stret, The fluyre mad the ayre al swete
?1438 Alex. i 2372.
The staluart steid that by him stude
?1438 Alex. ii 3312.
The chyld ashamed quhare he stude For the dukes humilite
c1450-2 Howlat 461 (A).
Baith lordis and ladyis that stude in the steid
a1500 Colk. Sow i 111.
I hald the folk best fure That stud fer without the dure
1513 Doug. v i 23.
Palynurus, the maistir gave a cry From the eft castell heich; thar as he stude
1540 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 225.
Jhone of Lauder stud one his awn midding at his dur
15.. Christis Kirk 121 (M).
Ane ȝaip ȝoung man that stude him neist
1576 Orkney Oppress. 36.
The laird … stude besyde him all the tyme of the weying
1584 Sempill in Sat. P. xlv 681.
That stude ane lang hour at his yeatt Or he could ony entres geatt
c1590 Fowler I 59/25.
Stwide
1590 Burel Pilgr. i 220.
So gret an multitude [sc. of beasts] … Amangst the treis that stud
1622-6 Bisset I 50/9.
Armed men isched out … and stuid about the counsall
p.p. 1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I 100.
Standen

c. To stand in one's sterapys. 1375 Barb. iii 120.
In his sterapys stythly gan he stand
1375 Barb. xii 51.
He that in his sterapys stud With the ax [etc.]

d. With predicated adjective or adverb.pres. 1375 Barb. x 430.
Ane … saw Ledhous stand him allane And knew he wes nocht of thar men
1552 Edinb. B. Rec. II 172.
Ane corne mercate that the laidis and personis that cumis thairto sall stand dry, quhair as now thai stand wet
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5697.
That bailfull band [sc. the damned], Quhilk sall stand lawe at His left hand
p.t. c1420 Wynt. iv 821.
Thai … swa thyk togyddyr stude, That [etc.]
1513 Doug. ii vi 5.
Suppos Anchys … stude secrete by the way
1513 Doug. ix iv 11 (Ruddim.).
Euery man stude reddy in his gere
1573 Sempill in Sat. P. xxxix 108.
My Lord Ambassat, to, stuid verry neir
c1590 Fowler I 47/3.
I thair stoode, euen as a man that stupid stands and dull, And can not speik
p.p. a1500 K. Hart 580.
With rappis lowd, … Bad lat thame in, for thai had standing lang

e. With predicated past participle. c1420 Wynt. ix 132.
The grettast of thare rowte Stude all armyd all that nycht
1460 Hay Alex. 5.
As thay stude almost confusit thus, Sa com fleand ane dragon

f. transf. Of a sea-monster, the devil, etc. To assume or maintain an upright position supported by water or unsupported in the air.The Diurn. Occurr. quot. may on the other hand be a reference to the height of the sea-monster above the water. 1513 Doug. ii iv 12.
Twa gret lowpit edderis … Fast throu the flude towart the land gan draw … Abufe the watir thar hals stude evermare
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 179.
Ane monstrous fische … [th]at sum tymes wald stand abone the watter as heich as the mast of a schippe
1590 Crim. Trials I ii 211.
He [sc. Satan] … poyntit the graues and stwid aboue thame; quhilkis wer opnit in thre sindrie pairtis

2. To stand in the course of or for the purpose of carrying out some other activity. a. With predicated present participle.(a) 1375 Barb. vi 109.
Swa stude he herknand Till [etc.]
1375 Barb. vii 71.
He … stud in-till a busk lurkand Quhill that [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. xviii 1388.
A lyone thare stannand Hyre haly fet fast likande
1511 Hannay College of Justice 21.
That the masar stand in the consale hous dur, holdand it oppyn
1513 Doug. iv iv 10.
Hyr fers steyd stude stampyng, … Rungeand the … byt
1513 Doug. vi iii 57.
Thar as he stude thus makand hys prayer
1513 Doug. ix iv 20.
Ane haill legioun about the wallis … Stude wachyng
a1540 Freiris Berw. 492 (B).
Thus on the flure I leif him standand still Bydand his tyme
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 198.
I stude gasing, halflingis in ane trance
c1590 Fowler I 148/7.
I stakkring stand
1597–8 Crim. Trials II 35 (see b below). 1600-1610 Melvill 82.
Whar … the Erle of Morton was standing gnapping on his staff-end
(b) ?1578 Anal. Scot. I 272.
We … Befor thee trembling staynd

b. To stand to do, to stand and do (something). Also with predicated past participle.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xxxviii 380.
Al stud Adryane atoure, & dange hyme
c1400 Troy-bk. i 300.
Thay stud and thame hertly byheld So stalwart in-to thar passyng
1503 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 137.
To stand and abid of all actiounis
1533 Bell. Livy I 168/10.
Thai stude with brade garnisouns about the court, to be arbitouris and dressouris of all public materis
a1585 Polwart Flyt. 735 (T).
So in the gut thow micht have stand and blawin As long as thow lyis gravellit, lyk to die
1590 Crail B. Ct. 3 Nov.
That no persone … waide within the vater … forther nor thei may stand vpon the dry land and draw the samyn to land with thair cleik
1603 Inverness Rec. II 21.
He … stuid a litill in the fluir and desyrit the guid vyif to [etc.]
1643 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 422.
[The college porter] shall suffer no children … to stand neir the yeat to mack urine
1650 Misc. Maitl. C. II 487.
Ther was a boy stoud to wryt his speich in the scaffold
(2) 1513 Doug. ix ii 31.
Thay … On bos turrettis and on towris hie Enarmyt stude thar fays till abyde
1597–8 Crim. Trials II 35.
Quhair thay stuid darnit betuix tua edȝis awaitting for his slauchter and to haif murdreist him

c. While carrying out the function of a guard, sentinel, watch, etc. Also, to stand gaird, etc., to function as a guard, etc.; to stand and wak; also, absol.(1) 1468 Peebles B. Rec. I 157.
The iiij portis … sal be … kepit daly be a man that sal stand for the kepyn of ilk yet
1513 Doug. ii xii 4.
At the porchis … stude … wardanys tway
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Acts v 23.
We fand the presoun closit … and the keparis standand at the yettis
a1538 Abell 22b.
Men of armes in thare harnes stude on raw
1540 Lynd. Sat. 659.
Stand by the gait, that I may steir
1567 Anderson Collect. Mary II 168.
The twa sentinellis that stude at the ȝet that gangis to the utter clois
1622-6 Bisset I 153/28.
The four ordiner maisseris at thair command, standand in thair awin placis … callis the pairties
(2) 1412 Aberd. B. Rec. I 389.
Ilke man duelland in the burgh … sal stand gaird
1631 Buccleuch Household Bk. 1 Oct.
All these stood sentinell at your lo: hous dore
(3) 1513 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 24.
Anent the wach it stand hes it is that thair wak na boyis na childer bot the gudman of the hous
1513 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 25.
This inquest findis the wacht to stand and wak to the number of viii persones

d. To stand by (at, to) one's geir, etc., to attend to the functioning of one's equipment, etc. Also in fig. context. a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 224 (Asl.).
Our crevist cabillis all at a cast will crak, Quhen lykis he his stormes for to steire Herefor … Stand at ȝour geire
1513 Doug. v i 28.
Commandis he euery feir Do red thar takillis, and stand hard by thar geir
1549 Compl. 41/30.
Gunnaris, … stand by ȝour artailȝee
a1568 Bann. MS 210b/9.
Quhen ye shoot alongis the shoar … Stand to your takill

e. To stand in a courtroom, chiefly, at the bar, as advocate, witness, etc.Cf. also Fyve Bestes quot. at 31 b below. 14.. Quon. Attach. c. 41.
The party aduersar may ansuer in this maner … R that her standis denyis [etc.]
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1175, etc.
The gled, the graip, vp at the bar couth stand As aduocatis expert in to the lawis
1495 Acta Conc. I 393/2.
In presens of the lordis of consale Schir Dauid Lindesay … stud at the bar … contrare Johne Lindesay … anent his heretage and said he wald stand mare aganis him quharapon Alexander Lord Home askit a not
a1570-86 Maitl. F. 399/28.
Sir Penny is a man off law … Quhone that he standis at the bar Is nane sa wyis can him defar
1580 Inverness Rec. I 277.
Quhar Jasper Dempster ane of the baillies of the said burcht stude at the bar without leiff askit or grantit to procuir [etc.]

f. To stand in (an instrument of punishment); also, in or at (a place of punishment). Also absol.(1) 1541 Elgin Rec. I 59.
Angnes … sall … stand in the vine coller
1564 St. A. Kirk S. 191.
To stand ane hour in the jogis
1594 St. A. Kirk S. 785.
To stand … in the jokis at the merkat croce
1637 Peebles Gleanings 157.
To be tane … to the joggis of this burgh, to be claspit, and stand thairintill … tua houris
1640 Mouswald Kirk S. 1 July.
That everie fornicator … stand thrie days in the pillar of repentance
?c1650 Sc. N. & Q. 3 Ser. XII 167.
Shee should by lyable to stand in the belt
(2) 1647 Dunferm. Kirk S. 23.
If Christiane Law … shall be convict … that she stand at the tron
1664 Cullen Kirk S. 24 Jan.
Walter Hird and Agnes Chamber steid in sack cloth at the pillar
1666 Gunn Cross Kirk, Peebles 194.
Since she hath stooden about a twelvemonth in the church of Peebles she may now be released
1672 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 9 Nov.
Ordaines them both to stand in the tolbuith during the magistrats pleaser
(3) absol. 1512 Aberd. B. Rec. I 83.
His crag salbe put in the gof, and stand xxiiij houris
1651 Cramond Kirk S. I 14 Dec.
Isobell Morisone … was ordeined … to mak publick satisfactione … This day Isobell Morisone stood for the first tyme

g. With reference to a state of mind: To stand in (a) studie or but onie feir.(1) 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 976.
This quhile Venus stude in ane studie strait
a1585 Maitl. Q. 202/58.
In studie still ane lytill quhyle I stuid
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 1408 (Wr.).
He pansed long before he spake, And in a study stood
(2) c1590 J. Stewart 95/559.
As the veyld and furius ours dois stend but onie feir

3. To remain standing or inactive; to cease moving. b. To stand still.(a) 1375 Barb. viii 84.
The gud steid that wald nocht stand Lansyt furth deliuerly
a1500 Rauf C. 120.
Quhen thay come to the dure the king begouth to stand
1513 Doug. xii vii 104.
‘Quhy stand ȝe sa?' Japis gaue a cry, And with this word aganyst thar fays he Hes first thar spreit inflammyt to melle
(b) 1513 Doug. v vii 33.
Beforn Eneas feyt stad [Sm., Ruddim. stude] but delay, The bul he grippys
b. 1375 Barb. vi 97.
He stude still for till herkyn mar
a1400 Leg. S. iv 69.
Stil before hym stud Philet, And mycht ster noder hand na fete
a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii 561.
He stud stil Vnuemmyt bydand Godis wil
c1420 Wynt. v 3870.
He … stude styll in the qwere, Off the mes the lave tyll here
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2478.
Stand still, and be obedient
1558-66 Knox II 59.
Quhen thay persevit that the greit force of the horsemen stuid still, and chargeit not
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics iii 84.
Stare loco, stand still
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 162.
He … come to the slop of the dyke quhair he gart me stand still
1600 Crim. Trials II 218.
I should haue caused her stand still, and shee should not haue pressed away

c. In a challenge, as a command to come to a halt. 1513 Doug. viii iii 38.
‘Standis, ȝyng men, howe! … Schaw quhens ȝe com'

4. To stand for the purpose of fighting; to take up a position in preparation for battle; to maintain such a position and give a good account of oneself; to make a stand. Also fig.Const. infin.; predicated adj., p.p. or noun; also, freq., in battail, stour, field, etc., at (one's) defence, etc.(1) pres. 1375 Barb. xi 406.
He gert arry … That quha-sa-euer he war that fand Hys hart nocht sekyr for to stand To wyn all or dey with honur [etc.]
1375 Barb. xviii 105.
Thai that pressyt mast to stand War slane doun
?1438 Alex. ii 7364.
Thay rusit thame that ane houndreth thousand Of scheildis suld about thame stand
c1420 Wynt. viii 4338.
The Schyrrawe … gert his men aray thaim tyte, And ischyd, … Qwhare thai ware standand in a bra
1635 Lundie Poems 9.
Quhen Apollo's police he espy's … al his troups he stays. Sometyms he stands, sometyms his merch advances
p.t. 1535 Stewart 38518.
King Malcolme … In the passage with drawin sword in hand, Still thair he stude … Neuir ane of thame he wald lat furth by
fig. 1596 Dalr. I 346/22.
The fortitude of body and mynd war nevir seperat, bot the ane iunet with the vther, stoutlie stude in performeng sik douchtie deidis
p.p. 1375 Barb. vii 579.
The king his baner gert display, And set his men in gud aray. Bot thai had standyn bot a thraw, … quhen [etc.]
1531 Bell. Boece II 404.
At last, quhen Inglismen had stand all day and durst nocht brek thair array thay returnit to thair palyonis
(2) 1375 Barb. vi 246.
Thar stud he & gaiff thaim bataill
1375 Barb. vi 544.
Lordis we haiff na mycht As at this tyme to stand & fycht
1375 Barb. xi 436.
Thai war [thretty] thousand That … sall stalwartly stand And do thar dewour
1375 Barb. xviii 79.
Nane of ws will stand to fycht … For our maner is … nocht to stand in plane melle
1375 Barb. xix 327.
Thar stud thai battaill till abid
(3) 1375 Barb. viii 384.
A lord … in battaill sa styth to stand
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 799.
Is nane sa stalwart in stour, with stoutnes to stand
a1500 Seven S. 439.
Sa stifly thar in stowr thai stude That the hous flure was full of blud
1513 Doug. iv viii 123.
He beheld gret rowtis stand in staill Of the Ewmenydes
1513 Doug. xii xiii 50.
I suld … stowtly haue standyn in ȝon batale sted And … drawyn ȝon Troianys … Into fell mortal bargane
1531 Bell. Boece II 148.
To stand in arrayit battall, with linnin claithis above thair bodyis
1533 Boece 121b.
The Icenis … standing dourlie in bataill almaist al atanis thai war slane
1535 Stewart 7543.
The inwart watche, quhair tha stude in the feild, In gude array … Tha faucht sua lang [etc.]
c1550 Lynd. Test. Meldrum 74.
Thair sall thai find the deidis martiall, How I haue stand, in monie stalwart strife
c1590 Fowler I 381/66.
And then my haples husband had Not stand in deadly feilde … Then [etc.]
1596 Dalr. I 310/8.
Mony … quhome the king … promouet til dignities because stoutlie they had stande with him in his defence against his ennimies
1542 Hamilton P. I 158.
Tuonty [men] that stuyd with ws about our pensell
transf. 1567 G. Ball. 139.
For vs he sched His precious blude … For vs, He in mony battell stude
(4) 1375 Barb. xvii 788.
Thai defendyt and stud thar-at … quhill the nycht Gert thaim on bath half leve the fycht
1513 Doug. iv iii 35.
Quhat wikkyt wyght … with thé had levir Contend in bataill, or stand at debait
1535 Stewart 38835.
Thair tha stude rycht lang at thair defence
1570 Leslie 228.
At lenth … the Scottis and Frenche men … drawe the Inglismen … back to the hechest ground … quhair thay stude at defence
fig. 1513 Doug.i Prol. 278.
Bot twichyng Virgillis honour … Quha euer contrary, I mon stand at defens
1551–2 Reg. Privy C. I 120.
He standand at inmymite with the said maist Cristin King
(5) 1375 Barb. xiv 157.
His battalis he arrayit then, And stude arayit in battale To kep thame, gif thai vald assale
1375 Barb. xvi 149.
And saw arayit agayn thaim stand In four bataillis fourty thowsand
1460 Hay Alex. 6693.
Alexanderis batall stude sa hale That [etc.]
1531 Bell. Boece I 18.
The army of Britonis stude arrayit on dreich, nocht far fra thame
1531 Bell. Boece II 218.
The armyis stude lang arrayit in otheris sicht
1572 Buch. Detect. 54.
The armeis stude reddy in array
(6) 1533 Bell. Livy I 210.
[They] ruschit fordwart on the first man that stude aduersare to thame

b. Of soldiers: To be in a state of military preparedness. 1663 Laing MSS I 338.
To order the foot sojers that are presently standing (they being not otherways employed) to repair … to Inverlochie [etc.]

5. With reduced force: To be, be present; to be established; to dwell or reside; to be kept. a1400 Leg. S. iii 784.
In that place stud a matrone That … maryt wes With a senatour
c1420 Wynt. ii 542.
The kyng … thowcht ille … That alyenys amang thame stwde
14.. Burgh Laws c. 28 (B).
Qwhasumeuir sellis his land … sal be innouth and gang owte and the tuthir standand thar furth [A. & the byar salbe without] sal entyr in
1513 Doug. ix iv 1.
The Troianys from thar forttres quhar thai stude [etc.]
1513 Doug. x viii 13.
Glaidly I wald hys fader stude heirby, This interprys to dereyn
1513 Doug. Epitaph 3.
Of Mantua am I beget … In Calabre decessit … Now stant I grave in Naplys the cite
1550 Reg. Privy C. I 91.
To write … to … his Graces ambassadour standing in Rome
1560 Rolland Seven S. 278.
I, and all my marrowis that heir standis … within ȝour boundis
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxxviii 8.
Then did they send the wysest Grekis to Delphos, vhare Apollo stode
1613 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 343.
The stable quhair my Lord Chanchler his cotche hors standis
1625 Kinghorn Kirk S. 28.
To stand aught dayis in ward, lewing onlie upon bread and small drink
1637 Dumbarton B. Rec. 53.
God standeth in the congregation of the mytie, and judgeth in the middest of the gods of the earthe

b. Of a merchant, etc.: To be placed, have his stall in a market. 1515 (c1650) Dundee B. Laws 95.
That nane merchand … stand with his merchandice in the Hie Mercat Gaite without his easedrop
1659 Glasgow B. Rec. II 433.
To keep thair craimes on the mercat day in the Trongait, be wast where the cordoners stands

c. To be dressed in a garment. c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 88.
Tho that thou seis stond in capis wyde Ȝone were quhilum folk of religioun

d. Of an animal: To live, stay alive; to thrive.1650 Jervise Epitaphs & Inscriptions II 183.
[Their object in dedicating the piece of land to the] gudeman [was merely] to essay if that might be the means to causs there beasts to stand

6. To be, remain or continue in (on) a situation, also in doing something. Also to or with a person. Also const. adv.(1) 1456 Hay I 287/16.
He … lykis nocht till amend, bot stand in his purpos
1468 Ayr & W. Coll. III 133.
Thai sal … stand in afald lufe, laute, frendschip and kindnes
a1500 Henr. Orph. 631.
He wald … geve vs grace to stand In parfyte lufe
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 424 (Asl.).
As mortall man … now glad now in grevans Neuer in a stait to stand be condicioun
a1500 Bk. Chess 540.
In to sorow than euermor I stud
a1500 Bk. Chess 1473.
For hir luf in poynt of deid he stud
1531 Bell. Boece I 46.
Thus stude the Scottis and Pichtis, that abaid in Albion, nere twelf yeris
1531 Bell. Boece I 74.
Sen our common weill may suffer na danger sa lang as ye Britonis standis in sicker firmance
1542 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 36.
I stuid in gud hoip … that I mycht hef passit my tyme apoun the bordour without ony molestatioun
1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II 309.
To the firmorars of the mylnis for the tyme thai stude in mending of thair standing grayth
1560 Rolland Seven S. 777.
The childe but dout in greit perrell suld stand
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 31.
The Erle of Cassillis … quhen he had stand in it an quhyle … at lenth … he ȝeildit
a1578 Pitsc. I 84/8.
He was maid lutennent genrall of the realme, bot he stuide nocht lang in this credit
(b) a1500 Lanc. 2029.
If thei haith stond in to religion clen, Thei had … not [etc.]
a1500 Quare Jel. 179.
Ȝe loveris that stondith furth in treuth Menyt eke compassioun haue and reuth
(2) c1420 Wynt. v 126 (C).
To thaim of Rome … He stude in swylk effection That [etc.]
1465 Bk. Carlaverock I 145.
To stand in afald kendnes, supple, and defencs, ilk an til odir, in all thair coussis
1490 Acta Aud. 136/2.
Lord William … to quham he stude In nere degre of consanguinite
1618 Elgin Rec. I 235.
He stood within feird and fourtis of kin to the persewair
1501 Edinb. B. Rec. I 91.
Declarand forsamekle as he had thame vnder summondis … thai wald stand in pley with him thairinto
1560 Rolland Seven S. 7037.
He stude baith in Court & with King In greit fauour
1560 Rolland Seven S. 9000.
How that Lodwik sa stude in greit kindnes With that ladie
1588 Reg. Privy C. IV 277.
[His Majesty is] standing in amytie and league with all the Christeane Esteatis
(3) c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 84.
He … stude weill ay in his ladies grace
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 4.
He stude sa hiely in hir grace

b. To stand in office, etc., to hold an appointment, etc. c1420 Wynt. v 2263 (W).
Twa ȝeris in that honour He stude
14.. Acts I 32/2.
Nane aldirman bailȝe na beddel sall bake brede [etc.] … durande the tym that thai stande in office
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 722.
Ȝoung gallandis That in my seruice and retinew standis
1571–2 Canongate Ct. Bk. 346.
Twa can nocht stand in ane office

c. To stand in neid, feir, aw, etc.(1) 1611-57 Mure Dido & Æneas ii 774.
Ȝe happy maids … Who never ȝit have knowne men's perjuries, Nor stand in neid of Argus' hundreth eyes
1636 Banff Ann. I 73.
The … meassounes standis in neid … of lyme
1637 Dumbarton B. Rec. 53.
Quhilk thinges and quhat ellis thou seis we stand in neid of, we humblie crave
(2) a1500 Bk. Chess 1509.
Off Goddis aw he stude in sic a dreid That [etc.]
1560 Rolland Seven S. 571.
All of thair lifis thay stude into sic feir
c1590 J. Stewart 188/11.
I … stand in feir for to be seine
(3) 1710 Ruddiman Doug. Gloss. s.v. Loune.
To speak little or none in the presence of one of whom we stand in aw

d. To stand in sted. (1) To remain on the spot, not to age (Sted(e n.1 1). (2) To take the place of, to be a substitute for (Sted(e n.1 11).(1) c1460 Vert. Mess (STS) 29.
Al the tyme that a persone be at the mes he standis in sted and eildis nocht
(2) a1500 Bk. Chess 2028.
Quhat is a rovk to stand the king in steid
1560 Rolland Seven S. 8776.
Than Lodwik come and … Did sic seruice as Alexander suld haue done And stude for him into the samin steid

e. To stand in the (his) contrair, to take up or be in a position in opposition to, to oppose. 1397 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 35.
Qwha sa standis in the contrair & wil nocht let thaim to borgh he sal [etc.]
1500 Acta Conc. II 458.
[That Walter of Buquhannan] come and stude in his contrare, he being his tennant

f. To stand on one's gaird, pairtie, to be on one's guard, side. a1570-86 Maitland in Maitl. F. 444/89.
Giff God wpone thi pairtie stand Quhat misteris thé for to tak feir
1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. (1591) vi Sig. O vb.
Stand ȝe on ȝour gairds & let it not come to passe be ȝour misbehaveour [etc.]

g. To stand betuix (two things), neir (something), to be in the situation described. c1420 Ratis R. 285, 286, 288.
The men that standys ewyne Betuex twa wicis; sa standis al sevyne Ilkan betuex wicis twa Ar wmbeset, and standand swa
1513 Doug. ix iii 163.
Full neir thar ded thai stand

h. To stand for or vpon, to wait for, upon (a state of affairs); also, to stand on a theiff, to attend upon (the punishment of) a theif. a1568 Bann. MS 210b/14.
Stand not for a glas steir three or four Rather then ony vther enter in
1596 Dalr. I 104/6.
Quhen ance thay cum in sicht of the ennimie thay stand nochte vpon a delyuirance bot thay rusche fordward with al thair force
1698 Stirling B. Rec. II 343.
To the officers and staffman standing on a theiff at the trone

i. With similar sense, const. adv., clause, and infin., etc. Also without construction. ?1438 Alex. ii 3843.
‘Auyse ȝow schir … To-day and hale to-morne baith!' ‘Madame, sa lang will I nocht stand!’
c1420 Wynt. viii 6086.
Qwhy couth he nocht have in to pes Haldyn his land as it then wes … Qwha standis welle, he suld noucht stere
a1500 Bk. Chess 1519.
Baltasar … in two diuidit land and gud Gaif him the half and so furth aye thai stud
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 76.
Throu grace of God … He [sc. Man] micht haue stand quhill God to grace him brocht
1567 G. Ball. 206.
Of lait I saw thir lymmaris stand, Lyke mad men at mischeif, Thinking to get the vpper hand [etc.]
1585 Thanes of Cawdor 187.
The man … at I wald fanest stuid in the warryld
1586 Jurid. Rev. IV 299.
It is alledgit for the rest of the persons that are not repledgit that they cannot be putt to the knowledge of ane assyse. Because the laird of Abbotshall principall is found be decreit stand and that he did na wrang, and therefore sould not be putt to ane assyse
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxxiii 47.
I will not stand with mo words ȝou to deiv

7. To be, remain or behave in accordance with the predicated adjective or past participle. b. With noun complement.(1) c1460 Thewis Wysmen 471.
Quhen thai wen to stand al-thir best, Thar fortone failȝeis
1484 Grant Chart. 36.
James [etc.] … sal stand anefalde leyl and kind ilkain to vthir
1513 Doug. xii xi 113.
Turnus astonyst stude dum
1533 Bell. Livy II 48/8 (see (2) below). 1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 22.
Trasting that ye will stand gud unto … hir housband
15.. Dunb. App. iii 34.
Treit weill thy self, and stand content
1607 Reg. Privy S. VII 523.
Upon which point he standis verie strait and pretendis some difficultie
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 379 (see 15 d).(b) a1500 Lanc. 3116.
His fois stondith ful of dreid
(2) 1521 Acts XII 39/2.
Ȝoure grace standing sa impidit that ȝe can nocht be aggreable to have pece nor trewis
1533 Bell. Livy II 48/8.
Sa lang as Coriolos stude fre and vnthirlit to Romanis
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 112/9.
Bring not hame nor restore not sicc as ye finde standing banished or forfalted
1613 Hist. Clan Gregor I 406.
Some who stand alreddie bound to the peace
1611-57 Mure Early Misc. P. ii 13.
I stuid astonisch'd
1622-6 Bisset I 57/8.
He that perseveiris in contemptioun aganis the kirk, standand, or continewand cursit, or excommunicat
1622-6 Bisset I 254/4.
The cautioner upoun the officeris naked affirmatioun stuid ingadged, there beand na recorde thereof
1672 Rothesay B. Rec. 238.
Issobell Kelso … stuid infeft in the saids lands
(b) 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 2139.
Thow stant ordant as sanct
(c) a1500 Lanc. 1147.
To his mynd he stondith al affrayt
b. (1) c1420 Wynt. v 1739.
Than ras Severus … And sevyn yhere off the empyre He empryoure, bath lord and syre, Stude
1482 Acts XII 32/1.
That his hienez sal stand … gude & gracious prince to him
a1500 Bk. Chess 1161.
He chesit him as presonere to stand
1497 Acta Conc. II 89.
Lord Ruthven, as schiref of Perth, sal stand ful dettoure to oure … lord of the soumes of money [etc.]
1510 15th Rep. Hist. MSS App. viii 14.
I [etc.] … sall stand leile and trew tennandis to the said Wilȝeam
1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 52.
I wald beseik your grace as I haif done afore that ye will stand my maist gracious lady
1555 Peebles B. Rec. I 225.
To stand gud afald and kyndelie freindis with the said communite
1592 Digest Justiciary Proc. 32.
Scho quha standis as ȝet air … to hir brother & father
1600 Crim. Trials II 132.
The said umquhile Johnne Spens stuid rebell, be vertew of the horning produceit
1613 Glasgow Weavers 15.
Thrie of the four upone lyt to be deikin, with the auld deikin sall stand still maisteris for that yeir
(2) 1674 Berw. Nat. C. XXV 140.
You shall command me of what hempt yow stand ned

c. To behave according to the accompanying prep. phrase: To stand upon stepping-stones, to act in a cautious manner; to stand upoun the calsay of (events), ? to refuse to commit oneself.(1) 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 169.
I see that Christ will not prig with me, nor stand upon stepping-stones; but cometh in at the broadsides without ceremonies
(2) 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 237.
All this tyme, the burgh of Edinburgh stute vpoun the calsay thairof in feir of weir according to thair auld vse

d. To stand fermly to do (something), to be determined. c1420 Wynt. vi 1090.
Till hald it fre he stwde fermly

8. To take part in something. a. To stand in assise, prufe or acquyttance, to take part in court proceedings, etc., as a witness, etc. See also Witnes n. 1 c. b. To stand in dome or judgement, to appear in court to defend oneself. c. To stand in election, to be a candidate in an election.a. 14.. Acts I 380/2.
Thir are the namys of thame that may nocht stande in assise nor in pruf nor in acquyttance. In primo The fadir [etc.]
b. 14.. Burgh Laws c. 46 (B).
Ilk spowsyt man may answare for his spousyt wyfe and stand in dome and do for hyr that is byddyn hym
c1575 Balfour Pract. 294.
He [sc. a rebel] hes na persoun to defend or stand in judgment be himself
1580–1 Reg. Privy C. III 358.
Oure Soverane Lord … gevis him pouer … to stand in jugement
c. 1560 Bk. Disc. 206.
All the churches of the diocesye to nominat … suche personis as thei think worthye to stand in electioun

9. To hesitate, to refuse to act, esp. in negative context and const. infin.(1) c1590 Fowler I 292/56.
For whils my wrechted plight suld move the very haggard stones … with me to waill … They which … had cald them selfs my nerest friends … Thay stand stone still
1675 Wodrow Hist. II (1829) 312.
When his grace stood, perhaps I used such motives as I could, and renewed my humble desires
(2) 1563 Davidson Answer 14b.
I wyll nocht stand to give M. Q. … the first part of this reasone grantit: bot I affirme the secund part heirof to be fals
1600-1610 Melvill 7.
To … giff to God and nocht stand for his honour to quyt whatsumevir for he wald repey twyse als guid
c1630 Scot Narr. 198.
Being authorized by the King's command, … he wold not stand to proceed cum jure potestate utriusque gladii, if they repyned
1651 Dickson Matthew 321.
Profane and crafty men stand not to take the name of God in vain, when it may serve their own ends
1653 Binning Wks. 559.
He comes yet lower to request and poor sinners … he will not stand to be a supplicant at any man's door, to beseech him to be reconciled to God
a1652 Dickson Psalms I 349.
The man that casteth Gods word behinde him … will not stand to be a greedy thief
c1705 Nimmo Narr. 2.
I stood nott much to curse, swear, & take the Lord's name in vaine
a1658 Durham Clavis Cantici 2.
We shall not stand to prove the authority of it: It carries a divine style in its bosome
1685-8 Renwick Serm. 22.
Take heed to this, ye who stand not to hold down His kingdom by upholding of His enemy's
a1689 Cleland 23.
Yet Presbyterians never stands To violate the Kings commands
a1700 Charters Spiritual Disc. 88.
Many … do not stand to … oppress their … neighbours
(3) a1652 Dickson Psalms I 238.
The man that feareth not God will not stand … for doing of iniquity

b. To stand on (apoun, upoun) a matter, scruple, trifle, etc., to hesitate, delay on account of (a matter, etc.); to consider, be influenced or impeded by; to trouble about. ?1438 Alex. i 843.
Sa lang thairon standin haif we That lait it is to luke and sie Quhidder is better to byde or fle
1568 Buch. Indict. 44.
Standing one na triflis sche come to the lycht schortlie and past to Setoun
1587–8 Waus Corr. 415.
Thai stuid maist vpon ane plent quhilk apertenis vnto yow
c1590 Fowler I 43/183.
Thow standeth to to muche Vpone one thought
c1630 Scot Narr. 147.
As for the place, it was not private … Such trifling matters are not to be stood upon when they are unavoidable
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 225.
I stand not now upon pared apples … I seek no other fruit than that He may be glorified
a1658 Durham Commandments 72.
Though it have in it some mixture of those things, which have been formerly abused, it is not much to be stood upon
a1658 Durham Comm. Rev. 2.
We need not stand upon the authority, nor title of it [sc. the Book of Revelation] … it being of such a divine stamp … doth carry authority in the bosom of it
1675 Sel. Biog. II 202.
Thinking me a gone man that stood on such a scruple
1696 Wemyss of Bogie MSS.
Stand not upoune a little cost in harbouring

c. pres. p. In quasi-prepositional use: Considering, in view of. 1583 Perth B. Ct. 17 Sept.
Quhilk he is haldin to pay to the said Johne be ressone foirsaid standing the disequalitie of the said tua kyndis and prices of bynd foirsaid

II. Of things, material and non-material.

10. To be (fixed or placed), to remain in an upright position. 1375 Barb. xv 468.
Dowglas … saw all braid stand his baner
c1400 Troy-bk. i 230.
The housses … With fannys and banneres wpon hight Aboue standand
c1420 Wynt. viii 6260.
The banaris war standand, And thai ware face to face fychtand
1558–9 Edinb. B. Rec. III 28.
The fute of this croce fillit with pik … to cause it stand
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2916.
Quhair the hole was within the twn he fand … Ane heidles corps vnto the nek standand
1560 Rolland Seven S. 3437.
[He] persauit ane lytill ledder stand

b. To be positioned or placed, (upright) (up)on (in) a surface; to be located in a place. Cf. sense 10 c below. a1500 Colk. Sow ii 161.
Standing in the skelf Quheit breid and reme
1505–6 Edinb. Hammermen 53.
The candillis at stud apone the beir
1513 Doug. vii Prol. 142.
Seand Virgill on a lettron stand To write onone I hynt a pen in hand
1534–5 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 128.
That suld stand upone the foirentres
1567 G. Ball. 209.
Thir idolis, that on altaris standis
c1570 Lennox Mun. 276.
Ane litill ymage of ewir bane that stuid apon ane chandlar
1576 Orkney Oppress. 53.
Quhilk plowkis is the just messor of the can that the ulie suld be fild to … and quhen thai fill it … it suld stand upon ane just ewin erd
a1585 Maitl. Q. 229/91.
Thair lytill bonet or braid hat Sumtyme heiche and sumtyme plat Waittis not how on thair heid to stand
1592 Lothian and Tweeddale Synod 38.
The picture of the crucifix standing upoun the croce heid
1500-1699 Herbarius Latinus Annot. (Bot.).
As gret dropes thai stand still apon the vring
1618 Orkney Bp. Ct. 25.
Steeling … of tua sheaves beir furtht of his skrowis standing on the saidis land
1621 Edinb. Test. LI 56.
Ane brasine monter to stand vpon ane tabill
1695 Soc. Ant. II 234.
14 little iron pricks the knaps stood on the hearse
fig. 1672 M. Bruce Rattling Dry Bones 32.
There is ground enough for it [sc. Faith] to stand upon, within the four neocks of the Bible

c. To be placed (upright or on a base) in a position, passing into d. To be located in a place. (Cf. 13 below.)Also const. amang, at, betuix, etc.c., d. (1) 14.. Acts I 387/2.
Ane other manis corne outher in berne ȝard or in felde stanande
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 108 (Asl.).
Ane hed dow nocht on body stand allane Forowt memberis … to wphald the body & the hed And sekerly to gar it stand in steid
1499 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 106.
That the lear stane suld be set agane in the place quhar it wes wount to stand
1499–1500 Halyb. 225.
For hous male of the ij sekkis that stud in Brugis
1507–8 Treas. Acc. IV 100.
For ane lok to the kingis latron that standis in the kingis studee
1558 Treas. Acc. X 440.
The gros culvering standing in the fous
1563 Montgomery Mem. 197.
The geir … now instantlie standing in his lugeing
1565 Prot. Bk. Gilbert Grote 68.
Ane leticampe bed that standis in my bak schalmer
1566 Prot. Bk. Thomas Johnsoun 100.
Ane myd burd with twa formis standand in the myddis of the hall
1594 Edinb. B. Rec. V 112.
Thair clengeing caldroun quhilk stuid in the houssis of the Newheavin
1599 Brechin Test. I 180.
Of eattis standand in the barne and barne ȝard
1669 Edinb. Test. LXXIII 349b.
Standing in the cellar ane pace of Frainch wyne
1672 Edinb. Test. LXXIV 205b.
My house knok presentlie standing in my hall
1693 Household Bk. Gr. Baillie 164.
For sevarall othar things to the howss that stands in ane other book
(2) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 212.
O thyng full mekill wirteous … Stakke the seluen in the wall And sene that whyle now, certeynly, It has stonden thar
c1420 Wynt. iii 867.
All thai wywys … poyntyt to thaire prewa gere That betwene thaire lymys stude
1454 Old Dundee I 558.
A lang saddill standand at the altar end
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 192.
At his mouth ane bullar stude of fome
c1475 Wall. xi 1020.
A syll he saw besyd him stand
a1500 Seven S. 448.
The credill amang the blude Of the edder quhar it stude
a1500 K. Hart 284.
Ane ladill full of luif stude him behind
1513 Doug. i i 29.
Thar war hir armys, and here stude eik hir chair
1513 Doug. iv ix 73.
Feill altaris stude about the fyre
1549 Prot. Bk. J. Cristisone 101.
Stanis … to stand and be methis and marchis perpetuale betuix the said landis
c1570 Lennox Mun. 276.
ij kaistis that stuid befoir the fyir
1659 Edinb. B. Rec. IX 147.
The saidis litster trees to stand there dureing the Counsellis pleasure only
fig. 1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 54.
Thair stude befoir him to be his rewaird … ane kingdome, welth and honour

e. To be fixed in a position. 1506 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. II 152.
The gest at the siloure standis in
1538 Aberd. B. Rec. (Jam. s.v. Gofe).
His crag and handis to stand in the gofe

f. To be placed as indicated in the predicated adjective or present participle; specif., of a door, etc., to stand open. Passing into reduced sense. g. To be or remain as indicated in the predicate.f., g. (1) a1400 Leg. S. xlii 320.
Thai … tuk a clath … & with a cord let it oure fal Agane the fyre & it stud stil
a1500 Henr. Fab. 595.
Thy stule standis vnstabill
1513 Doug. iii v 140.
The mesis and the danteis thyk dyd stand
1513 Doug. vi x 57.
Thar sperys stikkyng in the erd dyd stand
1552 Edinb. B. Rec. II 172 (see 1 d above). 1614 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 29a (13 Feb.).
That thair peitstakis stuid contiguus
(2) 1513 Doug. vi ii 104.
The blak ȝettis of Pluto and that dirk way Standis evir oppin
a1578 Pitsc. I 188/11.
They fand the doore standand oppin
16… Soc. Ant. XI 195.
When the oven hath stand one day open

h. With noun complement. 1615 Reid Auchterarder 62.
And hes fixit in stanes to stand merches betuixt thame

i. specif. Of the penis: To be erect. Also proverb. a1570-86 Maitl. F. 194/31.
For schame go hyd ȝow I feill ȝour lang thing standis nocht
proverb. a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS No. 604.
How stands your pisle now
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 642.
How stands your leg the gai[t]

11. Of a built structure: To be or remain erect; to remain intact, undamaged or undecayed.Also qualified by an adverb or adverbial clause.pres. 1375 Barb. ix 454.
He levit nocht … standand, stane no wall
1375 Barb. ix 337.
All the wall wes then of stane And wycht towris and hey-standand
?1438 Alex. ii 11012.
Plenteous land, Castelis and touns weill standand
c1475 Wall. v 424.
Scho saw … the Gask hall standand as it was left With out harme
a1500 Seven S. 1655.
Sperit how lang that towre suld lest, He said It suld stand to [etc.]
1513 Doug. vii ii 52.
Thy first cite … Dychit with fowsys and wallys hie standand
1549 Compl. 20/21.
Ther is nocht ane stane standant on ane othir
1570–1 Elgin Rec. I 125.
Housis, ȝairdis, dykis and treis standan and biggit vpoun the said land
1580 (1586–7) Reg. Great S. 390/1.
Ane littill tohope quhair ane peice of ane auld dyke hes stand
1621 Perth Kirk S. in Spottiswoode Misc. II 298.
The brig of Tay was hailly dung down, except only one bow thereof standing
1639 Spalding I 219.
The fortificationis of Leith standis inteirlie, albeit the King commandit to cast thame doun
c1650 Spalding I 83.
If it had been theikit micht haue stand, for the tymber wes freshe
p.t. a1500 K. Hart 73.
To strang this king him thocht his castell stude
p.p. 1513 Doug. ii i 78.
Than suld thou, Troy, haue standyn [Sm., Ruddim. standing] ȝit
1606–7 Lorimer St. Cuthbert's 34.
This stone wes set at the heid of the said buriall place quhair the same hes studin sensyne

b. In generalised use: Of no thing, or by implication, being: To remain upright, intact or in place. 1375 Barb. xiii 125.
And assembill sa sturdely That na thing may befor ȝow stand

c. Of an object: To remain in a position assigned to it. Cf. 10 b above. c1650 Spalding I 313.
To tak doun the portrait … that had stand since the vpputting thairof … wnder the sylring at the wastend of the pend

d. Of a building, place, etc.: To be or remain as described in a predicated adjective or past participle.Also to stand still, to remain, not to be removed.(1) 14.. Burgh Laws c. 104 (A).
All thingis that ar biggit & set in erde sal stand still
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) lxxxviii 11.
Citie … In all the erth, imperiall as thou stant
1513 Doug. ii viii 32.
Byggynnys stude desolate and waist
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 18.
It was baith reuin and ruynous, and had stand emptie without ony dweller
1633 Misc. Spald. C. I Pref. 46.
That the said kirk … sould not stand waist, … the … councellis … hes … appointit the … prayeris … to be daylie red … in the said Gray Frier kirk
1691 J. M. Beale Fife Schools 157.
The great third pairt [of the houses] are either ruinous or those in repair standing void
(2) 1513 Doug. vi ix 43.
Ane irne towr stude beildit wondir hie
1513 Doug. xii Prol. 71.
Ilke fair cite Stude payntit … Apon the plane grund by thar awyn vmbrage
a1586 Maitland Geneal. Setoun 17.
The quhilk chappell was standand … undecayit … and as I beleue standis ȝit
1583 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 313.
Quhilk hows is standane naikit the tymmer conswmit and the sklaittis away

e. Of a hill, etc.: To be high or precipitous. 1375 Barb. vi 77.
He saw the brayis hye standand
1533 Bell. Livy II 199/29.
Montanis, quhilkis stude sa hie aganis him that thai apperit vnclymabil

12. Of a tree or plant: To grow (upright). Also with predicated past participle.(1) 1375 Barb. xvi 475.
The forest left thai standand still; Till hew it than thai had no will
1513 Doug. vii i 76.
Amyddis of the palyce clos dyd stand … a fair grene lawrer
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1529.
The gairdnar did as his maister him bad, Cuttit the auld, and leit the ȝoung tre stand still
1570–1 Elgin Rec. I 125 (see 11 above). a1585 Maitl. Q. 225/50.
This plesant plant pereles but paragone Stuid on ane ruit of semelie sickernes
(2) 1375 Barb. x 192.
The treys all chargyt stud With ser frutis
a1500 Seven S. 339.
This noble tre stud … Nakit hurt & ill suprisit
1513 Doug. vii Prol. 66.
Woddis, forestis, with nakyt bewis blowt, Stude stripyt of thar weid

b. Of land: To provide (a crop of) growing trees, etc. 1547–8 Stirling B. Rec. I 52.
The said tenement … standand sufficiently in … kaboris, wattillis and stray

13. Of a place, (part of) a building, house, town, etc.: To be situated or located in a particular position.Once, with predicated adjective.pres. 1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
Sant Stevinys auter standand on the north syde of the parys auter
1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
The durre standand in the west gavyl
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2441.
This place nere the se gan stand
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2476.
This port was frome the towne standand Of Thesaly aucht myle
1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
Berwike that standis in Scotlande
c1420 Wynt. i 917.
By standys a hill is calde Tabor
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1318.
All that I haue wndir hewyne, I hald of you haill, In firth, forest and fell, quhare euer that it standis
1480 Liber Melros II 694.
The houses that standes on the corner of the Briggate
1505 Chart. Coupar A. II 115.
Wilȝamme Jakis akaris on the west syd hys kyl contenit and standand in the samyn rowme
1526 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 82.
This inquiest findis that the vatter that standis betuex Jhone Jonsone and Jok Scot it suld pas … in the auld guttur quhair it was vont
1528 Lynd. Dreme 796.
Be west Ingland, Yriland doith stand
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2405.
At this ȝet standis ane well
1573 Prot. Bk. Gilbert Grote 87.
[That all the corn … should be] stakkit and stand [in the said … yard]
1602 Reg. Great S. 474/2.
Fra the north end of the said heidrig as the merchis standis
(b) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 780.
The tempile Appolyne That was stondyng hys palaas in
(c) 1461 Peebles B. Rec. I 140.
Our commoun myl stananand apon the Vater of Pebillis
(d) 1513 Doug. i iv 12.
Baith heir and thair stant large craggis
1513 Doug. xii ix 111.p.t. (1) c1475 Wall. vii 25.
Gret bernys that tyme stud in till Ayr, Wrocht for the king
1513 Doug. ii i 30.
Heir stude the army of Dolopeis
1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 88.
The entre quhair in the fute gang stude
1533 Bell. Livy I 200/12.
The places quhare his housis stude is now the waist rovme standing before the tempill of Tellus
1533 Bell. Livy II 224/4.
Thare tentis stude in ane law place betuix hichtis and montanis
1535 Stewart 11006.
Richt heiche aboue ane gill Ane craig thair stude
1551 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 20.
For the breaking of the ald marchis … and especially for the breaking of the gate ascending fra Aquharnies furd [etc.] … quhere it was and stuid in the tym of [etc.]
(2) 1535 Stewart 1367.
It stude rycht stark quhair it had strenth aneuche Betuix ane watter and ane hingand heuche

b. Of the moon: To be located in a particular orientation. c1400 Troy-bk. i 548.
Thane tok the sonne in-to that houre Eclyps—bot all again nature Of hys kindely coniunctioune, The moon notht standing in randoune

c. Of a part of the body: To be attached (to the body) in a particular fashion. a1400 Leg. S. xl 650.
A-gane kynd wes it sa That bakwart stud heile & ta
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 105 (see 10 c). 1560 Rolland Seven S. 9171.
Als sure as standis on craig this heid of mine

d. transf. To be located at a particular point on a scale. 1549 Compl. 53/19.
It [sc. Jupiter] is of ane temperat natur be cause it standis in the myd vay betuix the caldnes of Saturn & the byrnand heyt that Mars induris

14. a. Of a vehicle, etc.: To be motionless, waiting to move off. Also proverb. ? to come to a halt. b. Of a ship: To lie at anchor; to remain motionless; also ? to be located in a position. Also proverb., to remain in a place.a. c1420 Wynt. i 640.
To cry mercy is to late The wayne than standand at the yhat
1513 Doug. ix vi 23.
The cartis stand with lymowris bendyt strek, The men lyggyng the hamys abowt thar nek
proverb. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1067.
Let the pleuch stand and slay a mouse [Hislop 209 Let na the plough stand to kill a mouse]
b. 1513 Doug. ix iii 105.
Quhou mony … bargis that ayr Stude by the costis syde, or thai war fyryt
1533 Boece 419b.
Ane navyn … at the rede promontoure stude in ankeris
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 733.
The Inglis greit galȝeoun Fornent thame stude
1596 Dalr. II 96/7.
The ile of Blaknesse … tha burnt with a ladner schip [L. navi oneraria] standeng thair be chance
proverb. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 185.
A schored ship stands lang in the heaven

15. Of anything: a. Not to move, to remain in a position, ? to come to a halt. b. Not to be removed, to remain in place. c. specif. Not to fall. d. fig. Some examples may belong in 6 (1) above. 1375 Barb. x 372.
A cruk thai maid … And the ledder thar-fra straitly Strekit, it suld stand sekyrly
a1500 Henr. Orph. 288.
The watter stude and Tantalus gat drink
1513 Doug. x ii 112.
And still, but movyng, stud the hevynnys cleir
1587-99 Hume 61/29.
The sun and moone at his command Into the lift he maid to stand
b. 1598 Edinb. B. Rec. V 224.
[The council] concludes that the present lofting sall stand
c. a1500 Seven S. 1789.
The gold lyis in the flure Cuth ȝe … Get it & lat the myrour stand
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1396.
Stand chandlers and ye faw ye will rattle
d. c1420 Wynt. viii 6098.
It is hyr lauch to be movand Scho [sc. Fortune] war fals, gyve scho suld be Stedfast standand in a gre
1490 Irland Mir. II 131/14.
The natur of man in paradice in the state of innocens mycht haue standin and nocht fallin in syn
1490 Irland Mir. II 7/17. 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 379.
Every good thing, except God, wanteth a bottom, and cannot stand its lone; how then can it bear the weight of us? … and we weak souls must have a bottom and a being-place for we cannot stand our lone

16. Of liquid: a. To be still, to remain without motion; to cease flowing. b. To reach till, abone a particular level, to remain motionless at that level. c. Of a vessel containing liquid: To stand full, to be full. Also fig. 1375 Barb. xiii 20.
And swa rycht gret spilling of blud That on the erd the flousis stud
c1475 Wall. ix 1347.
A dyrk cawe … Quhar watter stud
1513 Doug. xii vii 98.
All blud stanchit and stud in the deip wond
1535 Stewart 39523.
He … Amang the aill gart tume thame [sc. herbs] in the fat Ac leit it stand at greit laser and lenth
1562 Thirds of Benefices xix.
The loch of Spynie raise and stude upoun thair cornis
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics i 269.
To mak seuchis to draw away the watter that standis in the land
1598 Aberd. B. Rec. II 170.
Causing rais the calsey … be reasoun quhairof the water … standis on the middist of the calsey
1638 Adamson Muses Thr. I 164.
On either hand Are fowsies deep where gorged waters stand
b. 1375 Barb. ix 394.
Till his throt the watyr stud
a1500 Henr. Orph. 279 (A).
The wattir stud [OUP yede] above his chyn
c. 1703 Rules Edinb. Fire Co. in Maitland Hist. Edinb. (1753) 329.
Threttie sex stings with knags … whereof sex standing full of water
fig. 1692 Presb. Eloq. (1693) 78.
You make his [sc. Job's] cup stand full even, you make his pot play well, but give him a cuff [etc.]

17. a. Of dust: To hang in the air. b. Of a storm: To take place; to be in a particular location. c. Of a cloud of darkness: To be located, in a particular fashion expressed in a predicated adjective.a. ?1438 Alex. ii 9018.
Sic ane stour attour thame stude That euin vp to the lyft it ȝude
b. c1420 Wynt. iv 949.
As fraward stormys stude, Mony drownyd in the flude
1577 Anal. Scot. I 268.
On Wednesday … was sene at ewin, ane blaissin starn, quhilke stuid in the wast
c. 1513 Doug. ii x 83.
The clowd of dyrknes … That on ȝour mortell eyn … Lyke to ane watry slowch standis dym about

18. Of an event: To take place. b. specif. At or in a particular location. c1475 Wall. viii 571.
Thar market for till stand Thai fourty dayis for pepill … Quha that likyt ony wyttaill till sell
a1500 Sir Eger 2533.
They cryed a banket for to stand
1560 Rolland Seven S. 9473.
On the morne my brydall suld haue stand
1656 Edinb. B. Rec. IX 33.
That the countrey mercatt callit the landmercatt may stand as formerlie
b. 1649 Lamont Diary 5.
The mariage feast stoode at the place of the Weyms in Fyfe
1649 Lamont Diary 8.
The mariage feast stood in her fathers house att the Weyms
1666-74 Fraser Polichron. 250.
Beuly … a marcat town wherein stand 3 fine faires yearely

19. Of written matter, the record of a transaction, etc.: To be written, set down, recorded (in a ledger, etc.). 1495 Halyb. 20.
All thyngis contyt … betwix Lorens Tayllȝefer and me … lyk as it standis in the jowrnell … and he restis awand me … 130 li. 6.
1496–7 Acta Conc. II 61.
That the summondis … be decydit … sa furth in ordoure ay the first summondis and contenewacions as thai stand in the tablis
1498–9 Halyb. 125.
Paid for his beir lyk as it standis at lentht in the jornall … 17 li. 11 s. 10 gis.
1513 Doug. i Prol. 489.
Thocht sum wald swer … that I haue this volume quyte myscareit … Or ȝit argue Virgill stude weill befor
1533 Gau 103/3.
It is noth lesum that ony man interpreit the wordis … in ony oder maner nay thay stand
1624 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 249.
The benefite of the infeftment mon cum to hir aires … the wordis … man be onlie takin as they stand

20. Of a country, organisation, etc. also, with non-material subject: To be in a particular state. Cf. 6 above.(1) a1500 Lanc. 3045.
Than he, whois hart stant in o new array Saith [etc.]
c1475 Wall. viii 1.
Fywe monethis thus Scotland stud in gud rest
1490 Irland Mir. II 65/17.
The kyrk sal stand in halines without errour
1490 Irland Mir. III 163/19.
Gif the counsale stand in diuisioun [etc.]
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 155 (Asl.).
Allace, to lang ȝe [sc. truth and justice] stand now in exile
a1500 Quare Jel. 191.
O tendir ȝouth that stant in innocence Grundid on treuth [etc.]
a1500 Bk. Chess 1169.
For the lawte that thair towne in stud He [etc.]
c1515 Asl. MS I 193/15.
Thar was neuer land … has standing so lang tyme in fredome
1513 Doug. i Prol. 493.
He [sc. Virgil] stant in Latyn maist perfyte, Ȝit stude he nevir weill in our tung endyte
1513 Doug. Comm. i v 2.
Quhen he [sc. Jupiter] … stud in the ascendent
1513 Doug. xi xvii 72.
The cite wallys stud in dowt
1531 Bell. Boece II 218.
Now stude our army in extreme dangeir
1569 Reg. Privy C. II 69.
Certane marches standand in contraversie betuix the said George and Arthouris landis
a1570-86 Maitl. F. 305/26.
I wait not how this realme sall stand And lymmeris walk so wyd
a1651 Calderwood IV 153.
The whole rents therof, standing in tithes, are sparpled in sindrie parts
(b) a1500 Lanc. 635.
How that your lond stondith in affray

b. Where the state is expressed by a predicated adjective, or participle, also with noun complement.(1) c1420 Wynt. v 927 (W).
The se standis ebbit
c1420 Wynt. viii 3706.
Wyth hym the court stwde hard
c1475 Wall. i 43.
Thre ȝer in pes the realm stude desolate
1490 Irland Mir. I 109/17.
Thi sentens and jugisment mone stand ferme in execucioune
1513 Doug. vii Prol. 63. 1513 Doug. x vii 154.
Hys breist stud nakyt
1513 Doug. Conscience 10.
Ȝit the kirk stude weill full mony day For it wes rewlit be mene of wit and layre
1531 Bell. Boece II 179.
The lochis and rivaris stude frosin
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 773.
They left thair awin schip standand waist, And [etc.]
15.. Clar. iii 988.
Hir bewtie that stude imperiall Abouth all uther
a1586 Maitland Ho. Seytoun p. xi.
It war grit plesour to ane man to knaw the … begynnyng of his hous and surename, and how lang it hes stand
(2) 1562–3 Rec. Earld. Orkney 115.
Of the quhilk landis … the forsayd … is consyddrit to stand … in the sayid Johannis part … as josyne land
1683 Fountainhall Decis. I 245.
Brownsbank-mill … was prejudicial to Linthill's-mill in making it regorge and stand a back water

c. Without qualifier: To remain in existence or continue to exist; to prosper. Cf. 5 d. 1490 Irland Mir. I 9/20.
Eftir this stud the realme … and al the tyme that wisdome remanit amang thame
1570 Sat. P. xix 54.
Had he indurit ȝour Canane land had stand
1600-1610 Melvill 130.
Without hastie redress wharof the Kirk of God can na wayes stand
1692 Presb. Eloq. (1789) 78.
Now what is the meaning of all this but that the present government of state must necessarily stand and fall with presbytery?

d. Of land or property: To be held in possession. 1434–5 Chart. Coupar A. II 34.
[The land] sal stand in force and effect as it stude the dai of the makking of thir indenturis
c1475 Wall. i 59.
Thai landis thane he clamde as heretage Fra tyme that he … herd tell weyle Scotland stude in sic cace, He thocht till hym to mak it playn conquace
1493 Acta Aud. 173/2.
The inquest, to se how the said mvre has standyn in tyme bipast and quham by it has bene pastorit
1529 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 100.
This inquiest abonevryttin ordines the hous quhilk is in to pley betueix Made Brydin and Jenot Brydin … to stande styll in affec and forme as it is now

21. Of a state or situation (a truce, act, judgment, etc.): To be or remain in place or in force, to continue.Also in a manner or const. predicated adj. or p.p.(1) pres. 1375 Barb. xix 202.
The trew on his half gert he stand … stabilly
1385 Rot. Sc. II 73/2.
That this condition of speciall trewe and assurance sall stande and be kepit fullely
1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59. 1440 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 192.
The quhilkis [rights] sene and considerit sal be jugeit and admittit … to stand in sik effecte as the thre estatis thinkis that thai acht to doo
a1450 Fifteen Ois 349.
Quhill life may stand
1456 Hay I 242/32.
Never suld word … of a king be brokin … for a kingis word suld stand
1466 Reg. Dunferm. 357.
Thir presentis … to stand and remane be specialle convencion
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1211 (Bann.).
To dissyd gife this exceptioun … lawchfully mycht stand
c1515 Asl. MS I 243/17.
Syndry war rewardit be the said secret counsall the quhilk men demyt wald nocht stand
1560 Rolland Seven S. 10317.
He … fortifeit the band Of greit kindnes, quhilk euer mair did stand
1565 Reg. Privy C. I 372.
The stait of religioun quhilk thair Majesteis fand publictlie and universallie standing at thair arryvall
a1570-86 Maitland in Maitl. F. 428/16.
Thinkand that conquest ay sall stand
a1570-86 Maitl. F. 342/12.
Rycht and lawtie … sall stand quhill domysday
1571 Waus Corr. 74.
As to my mone … ye sall delevar ane houndreth poundes to the forsad Pate and the reist we sall lat stand
a1585 Maitl. Q. 241/63.
Heir, o Lord, thair is no thing can stand Vnles Thow plaice With ws Thy graice
1602 Stirling B. Rec. I 102.
This act to continew and stand induring the counsallis will
1655 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 158.
And therefter the … haill premisses to stand … as iff this present claus haid neuer bein insert
1661 Thomson The Churches Comfort (1706) 18.
If they should rive their double of the marriage contract, and say, they would not have the marriage to stand
(b) c1508 Ch. & M. Prints iib 31.
To geve a dome be law that may noght stonde … accordis noght
proverb. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1016.
Kindnes can not lest [interlined stand] on a syde
p.p. 1571 Sat. P. xxvi 32.
His maik rang not gif that his dayis had stand
(2) 1393 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 28.
This present writ neuerthelesse to stande in all effect
1400 Maxwell Mem. I 138.
This present endentour standand … in the awyn fors and vertu
1456 Hay I 216/27.
And the king of Fraunce had been subject to the empire … the Cristyn faith had standin in symple state
1457 Acts II 50/1.
Gif ony man be foundyt of aulde … thar foundacione sall stande in effect nocht ganestanding this statute
1495 Contract (Mey P.) 13 June.
Nochtwithstanding all conditions standand in strinthe forme & effect as of before writin irreuocabli
1496 Acta Conc. II 11.
This [action] standis in the sammyn forme and effect as it is now without prejudice of party
1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 140.
We ratify our auld actis deuly deliverit be the inquisitouris to stand in effec and forme
1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 145. a1585 Maitland in Maitl. Q. 54/105.
To mak ane band Ay in kyndnes to stand
1644 11th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. vi 56.
[To] mack chois of soum good woman to mache with; that … his fathirs hous micht stand in his persoun
(3) 1579 Reg. Privy C. III 239.
The said marriage standing unannullit
1581 Acts III 231/1.
That the said pacificatioun sall stand firme and inviolable
1588 Burntisland B. Ct. 31 May.
Agnes Logane possessit the saminge … onquarrallit and standand wnreducit
c1650 Spalding I 169.
The covenant admittit no hatred nor feid to stand on reconceillit

b. Of a truce, quarrel, etc., also, once, a blood relationship: To exist, to be in place, to pertain, betuix, amangis (parties).Also const. predicated p.p. and prep. phr.(1) 1485 Acta Conc. I *117/2.
The contencioun and debait standande betuix the said partiis
1490 Acta Conc. I 153/1.
For amendis kynbute and frendschip to … stand betuix the saidis pairtiis in tymetocum
1498–9 Acta Conc. II 297.
The tyme of matrimone standand betuex hir and the sade … Robert
1542–3 Hamilton P. I 383.
Weir standing betuix the twa realmis, as it dois instantlie
1561 Treas. Acc. XI 62.
The treatie of peax standand betuix this realme and the quene of Ingland
1565 Reg. Privy C. I 342.
That thai lay asyde … querrellis … gif ony be standing amangis thame
1567 Reg. Privy C. I 539.
Knawing the proximitie of blude standing betuix oure said sone and oure dearest brother
1570 Warrender P. (SHS) 78.
I mislyke the division … standing amangis the nobility
1583 Misc. Spald. C. IV 230.
Forsamekle as thair hes stand ald kyndnes … betuix our hous … and the … hous of Huntlie
1589 Craig-Brown Selkirkshire I 167.
That the like amitie … sall remaine and stand amangis us
(2) 1564 Bk. Univ. Kirk I 55.
In respect of the mariage standing betuixt him and his wyfe forsaid indissolvit
1670 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 23 July.
Anent the diffeirences standing in contraversie betuixt the toune and him

22. Of a situation, circumstance or state of affairs, also, once, of language: To be as described by the predicated adj. or adj. phrase (freq. with sa); freq. with (to) a person. Also impers.(1) 1375 Barb. xiii 639.
In na tym stable can scho [sc. Fortune] stand
a1500 Seven S. 2541.
The caus that with me stud sa thrang
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 560 (Arund.).
Sa vnsure standis our stummerand staige
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus i 711.
Thay sall haif caus … for to lament That thus … sa faint the causis stand
1568 Anderson Collect. Mary IV 123.
The occasioun standis sa hard to us
a1570-86 Maitl. F. 406/7.
Off fortoun I complenit … That scho to me stude so contrariouslie
a1651 Calderwood IV 346.
Their other devices standing difficill, and longsome to be brought to passe [etc.]
1659 Glasgow B. Rec. II 418.
The tounes right of patronage … standis yit intear with the toune
(b) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 15.
The thyng so fraward vith hyme stondys [: hondes], It [etc.]
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 268.
Your angel mouthis … Oure rude langage has … illumynate, And faire ourgilt oure spech, that imperfyte Stude, or your goldyn pennis schupe to write
(2) a1500 Lanc. 190.
At this tyme with me it stant rycht so
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 57.
With this squyer it stude not so
c1550 Exch. R. XVIII 502.
Gyf I may nocht get the xl s., send me les … for it standis schar[p] with me at this tyme
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2823.
Gif sa it with ȝow standis That ȝe on neid, analie mon ȝour landis … Do as ȝe pleis

b. Const. relative clause. ?14.. Ship Laws c. 4 (A).
& the case stande that he may hastely mend it well bot gif he may nocht he may hyr ane other schip
1560 Rolland Seven S. 508.
It may stand be fatale destanie, That [etc.]
1561 Reg. Privy C. I 173. c1590 Fowler II 84/23.
Gif he had not [etc.] … it might have stand with reason that he had [etc.]

c. Const. in or of a manner, etc. Also impers. 1440 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 192.
Al thingis … standand … in the menetyme … in sik termes and plite as thai stand in now
1460–70 Innes Sketches 505.
Eftyr the decisioun … it stude in greit tranquilite … veill to the space of iic yeiris
a1500 Lanc. 504, 506.
The king … askit at the clerkis if thei fynde By there clergy that stant in ony kynde Of possibilitee fore to reforme His desteny, that stud in such a forme
a1500 Sir Eger 641.
Sen it [sc. the choice of a husband] stands in such degree, It longeth more to you then me
1498 Acta Conc. II 219.
The mater standis … in pley undecydit under summondis
1508 Reg. Privy S. I 243/2.
Gif his said rebellis beis nocht brocht … this his said respitte to be expirit … and stand of nane avale
1513 Doug. xi vii 39.
In quhou gret perrell … All other materis lyis now or standis
1562-3 Winȝet I 3/22.
Sen the mater standis in dainger of our bodeis and saulis; bot exhort the latter marinaris … to lat down ane grete dele [of] thair hie sailis

d. To stand in(to) (litill, na) sted, (1) = 6 d (2) above. (2) To be of (good, na, etc.) avail, advantage, profit, or use. (Stede n. 13.)(1) a1500 Rois Garlandis 96.
Sueit Jesu, I ask at Thé that the gret pane that Thou had … stand in steid for the panis that I suld tholl for my synnis
(2) c1420 Wynt. viii 540.
I askyd … qwhat remede This mycht helpe, or stand in sted
a1500 Sir Eger 108.
But if I sicker were … And armed well in sicker weed, Weapons, for they will stand in stead
14… Edinb. Univ. MS La.ii.318.
For quhy gif a gude mannis bed Anentis gode may stand in sted Wele mair avalis [etc.]
1567 G. Ball. 232.
Ȝour offeringis and oblatiounis … On the day of dreid sall stand in litill steid
1622-6 Bisset I 15/24.
Ȝoure hienes actis … provydis that mutulatioun do deserve the deid … Apperandlie they stand into na steid; We see thatt saikles bluid [etc.] … Ar compted for to be ane sobir cryme

e. How it standis (with a person, etc.), how the cais, etc. stands.(1) a1500 Seven S. 165.
Thai told the barne than how it stude
1494 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 68.
Throw the quhilk thai may consider how it standis with thame in thair commoun guidis
1513 Doug. i viii 41.
To spy … Quhou it stude with thar ferys
1540 Lynd. Sat. 1358.
Allace, gossop … how standis it with ȝow?
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 157/36.
We ar assurit that oure salueoure was offerit vp anis … ȝe say he is offerit vp daylie … How can thir tua stand?
1567 Sat. P. v 19.
I considder how it stude And how the cais is cumin now
1570 Sat. P. xix 92.
Gaird ȝow ȝow lufe, sen ȝe wait how it standis
(2) 1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 230.
I knaw ȝour grace is … advertist quhow all materis standdis hyr
1560 Rolland Seven S. 815.
How the case standis, ȝit ȝe will lat me knaw
a1578 Pitsc. II 25/34.
The Erle of Glencairne … schew him how all studd
(b) c1590 Fowler II 56/27.
It appeareth weill how ȝour cause stendeth, quhen it is confirmit by sic futill probations

f. As the cais stands, as it stands, as the thing involved, the circumstance, etc. is; also, as the tyme stud, as the time or circumstance allowed. Also, as it suld stand, as it should be or ? with reference to the ‘standing’ or being on duty of the watch. Cf. 2 c above. a1400 Leg. S. xxxviii 300.
Scho … did thame al the ese scho mocht, As the tyme stud
1460 Hay Alex. 953.
[They] set the wardis and watchis as it suld stand
1513–14 Sc. Ant. XII 118.
For the … defence of this realme now as the cais stands
a1689 Cleland 109.
For as it [sc. The Test] stands it hath no mence, It being contraire common sense

g. Of an intention, etc.: To be to do (something). c1420 Wynt. v Prol. 35.
My purpos … Standys halyly for to schawe
c1420 Wynt. v 1550.
Mare hys wyll stude to relewe Than wndyr hym ony man till aggrewe
1513 Doug. iv iii 50.
The fasson quhou this stant to do

23. Of property: As it stands, in the state in which it is found. 1457 Peebles B. Rec. I 119.
A cwch bed hal has it standis
1565 Southesk MSS 17.
[To] leawe the same [house] to the haris therof as it stuid
1575 Edinb. Test. III 375b.
He levis … to Johne Grahame … the haill chalmer geir as it standis
1585 Misc. Bann. C. II 217. 1615 Edinb. Test. XLVIII 340.
I leive in legacie to my said spous … the plenischit hous as it standis

24. Of a non-material thing: a. To have its source, cause or basis in; to be located in (a person or thing). b. To depend on (in or at) (a person or thing).a., b. (1) 1416 Douglas Corr. 234.
The delay of our hamecome stands al anely in thaim that sowlde persue for vs
c1420 Wynt. ii 59.
Fra thine hyr lust stwde halyly In slawchtyr
1456 Hay I 249/24.
All sik grete actiouns … standis in the will and the grace of God
Dietary in c1500 Makc. MS xiv 73.
In twa thingis standis al the weltht Of saull & body
1490 Irland Mir. II 73/20.
And thou do thi part than God remittis to thé thi syn and tharfor it standis in thé
a1500 Quare Jel. 301.
In lak of hert ay stant this maladeye
1496–7 Acta Conc. II 55.
Schir Wilȝeam Sibbald … protestit … that sen the falt stude nocht in him that tharefore it suld turne him to na prejudice
1533 Boece 41.
Scottis war gevin … to pasture thare store in quhilkis stude thare riches
1533 Edinb. B. Rec. II 62.
Sen all incresment of … knaulege standis in gude begynning
1562-3 Winȝet I 128/5.
Ȝe misknaw nocht the monastik lyfe to hef stand specialie in the renunceing of the warld
1580 Reg. Privy C. III 280.
In cais ony variance result … the saidis arbitratouris sall … report in presence of his Majestie the mater and point quhairin the variance standis
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 121/3.
The principall blessing that ye can gett of goode cumpanie uill stande in youre mariing of a godlie … uyfe
a1599 Rollock Wks. I 365.
Thairfoir seing thair standis sa meikle in the dispositioun of the heirer, … luik thy dispositioun, leif thy eirthlie minde behind thee
a1599 Rollock Wks. I 425.
Mair standis in the consequentes of suffering … nor standis in the suffering … itself
(2) 1479 Acta Conc. I 27/2.
Tha materis standis apoun rekning and compt
1479 Acta Conc. I 34/1.
The declaracion of the richt of this mater standis alutterly apoun the richt of the benefice
1480 Acta Conc. I 62/1.
Because the said mater standis apon perambulacion and redding of marchis … the lordis ordanis … lettres … to se and knaw gife the said landis be lauchfully peramblit
1513 Doug. ii iii 37.
The Grekis trast … On Pallas help stude haill
c1530-40 Stewart in Maitl. F. 247/47.
On thy feyt thi weilfair standis
1579–80 Annandale Corr. 25.
The principall mater stude vpoun my Lord of Anguse consent
(b) a1500 Lanc. 796.
It stondith one the poynt, For why it lyith one your speris poynt The well fare … of our londe
(3) 1460 Hay Alex. 1821.
Quhat was best to be done Thay said it standis maist at his awin curage

c. Of sorrow, danger, etc.: To be present at, immyddis, about (a person, his heart.) a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1056.
Wes nowthir solace nor sang thair sorow to soft, Ane sair stonay and stour at thair hartis standis
c1500 Makc. MS iv 1.
Rewtht and mercy stundis Inmyddis myne hart
1513 Doug. iv x 77.
For to behald quhat perrellys about thé standis

d. Of an argument: To be about, to concern (something). 1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. 16.
About this conjunction all the debait standes; all the strife that we have … standes about the maner of this conjunction

25. Of a payment, valuation, etc: To be at a particular level. 1424 Acts II 6/2.
For resonable price efter as the chapis of the cuntre standis
1640 Bk. Carlaverock II 504.
He sufferit his foloweris to spoyl me ane cotche, vith the furnitour, quhilk stood in fiftie pund sterling
1662 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. I 287.
That the saids lands will not be able to stand at the said rentall
1671 Lamont Diary 224.
The new bake howse … stood in workmanship, dales, iyronworke and nayls above 300 merks Scots

b. Of the standard of a measure: To be according to (be, efter) a particular calculation. 14.. Acts I 309/2.
The eln … aw to stand … efter the lenth of iii bear cornys
14.. Acts I 309/2.
Bot be the thoume of a medilkinman it [sc. the ell] aw to stand

c. Of a sum of money: To go towards (payment of an expense). 1567 Dundee B. Laws 372.
The haill printies fie … salbe contit, kint, allocat, allowit, and stand for the said printeis meat, drink, and burding

26. It stands in (on) (also, less freq., be) (a person, his power, etc.), it is the concern or responsibility of, it is up to (a person); it is in (a person's) power or control; it is due to, it is the fault of (a person).(1) ?14.. Ship Laws c. 18 (A).
Gif castin cummis it sal stand on the schip men
c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 108.
Quharefore, though I geve thé beneuolence, It standis noght ȝit in myn aduertence
1483 Acta Aud. 123*/1.
Gif ony of the said wyne be lekkit … that it stand in the said Bertilmowis hand
1494 Loutfut MS 113b.
Bot alway in that cace it standis in the iuge
c1490 Irland Asl. MS 9/24.
Than he is oblist till confes him als far as standis in his powere
1497–8 Acta Conc. II 149.
And that it stude in him that he was nocht enterit thareto
1500 Acta Conc. II 448.
That he had done his diligence and that it stude nocht in him
1568 Hosack Mary Q. of Scots I 536.
She causit thame offer straikis and in hir it stude not bot they had maid end of the mater evin thair
a1578 Pitsc. II 263/19.
It stuid nocht in the handis of thair backaris to save thame at that tyme
1603 Philotus 224.
Be bowsum to the carle and beck For he hes gould aneuch, quhat reck? It will not stand on nane
(2) 1496 Acta Conc. II 26.
That he requirit the said Lord Olephont to put his said son in the fee of the saidis landis … and that it stude be the sade Lowrence that it was nocht fulfillit
1497–8 Acta Conc. II 149.
Gif the sade Jhone … has ressavit … movable gudis of areschip or micht haf ressavit and stude be him that it was nocht ressavit
1499–1500 Acta Conc. II 401.
The sade Georg … may redeme and lowis his sade landis quhat tyme it plesis him because it stude be the sade James

III. With prepositions in constructions not included elsewhere.

27. To stand agane (against) or contrar, to oppose, resist, withstand; also, to resist successfully.Cf. also Againstand v., Gainstand v.(1) 1375 Barb. vi 165 (C).
Quhar he hit … Thar mycht no thing agane it stand
1375 Barb. xi 26.
Na mannys mycht may stand agayn The grace of God
1460 Hay Alex. 3443.
We may nocht stand agane sa stalwart stoure
a1500 Bk. Chess 1450.
For his frende the wys man neuer stud Agane his aith
c1508 Ch. & M. Prints viic 20.
His grete wisedome mycht not agayn thé stand
1600-1610 Melvill 461.
The breithring … stud against this new forging of bischopries
1640 Acts V (1817) 308/1.
That the saidis airis … Beis fund not to haue studine against the mantenance of religion
1655 Hibbert P. No. 16.
[The tenants] stooid all aganist the localitie and wold not pay it
(2) 1492–3 Acta Conc. I 285/1.
Franskin Peblis askit a not that Johne of Dundas … stud contrare him anent certane landis of Eklin
a1500 Quare Jel. 483.
Contrair this thy cursit violence Staunt ay
1513 Doug. xi vi 136.
Contrar hys keyn dartis ellis stand haue we

28. To stand at. a. In lit. use, see 2 e, f and 4 (4) above, also, fig., see 24 b and c. b. To abide by; adhere to; accept (a judgment, agreement, promise, etc.). c. To support, stand by (a person).b. a1500 Henr. Fab. 2311.
Ȝe sall be sworne to stand at my decreit
1481 Fam. Rose 145.
Me Farchear Makjntosche … till be bundyn … till … Huchone the Rois … to stand, ouys and byid at the consall off the said Huchone
1489 Acta Aud. 142/1.
The forsaid partiis sall stand at thar deliuerance irrevocabilly but ony gane calling
1496–7 Acta Conc. II 44.
Baith the saidis partiis ar … sworne til stand and abid at the deliverance of the saidis jugis arbitouris
1498 Acta Conc. II 216. 1526 Carnwath Baron Ct. (SHS) 53.
Robert Levinston … to stand at ane ak maid betuix him & Jhon Rowe
1531 Bell. Boece I 91.
Guiderius was advertist, that Aulus Plaucius had … distroyit al the landis … that stud at his [sc. Guiderius's] opinion
1533 Boece 47.
It can nocht be said that this necessare lyig bundin with Scottis … may … be dissoluit. Lat ws liff and stand thareat
1533 Boece 487b.
He … wald erare stand at his first promytt than to new invasouris assist
1558–9 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I lxiii.
And quhat beis done thairintill my Lord to ratify, stand at, and approve in all pointis
a1578 Pitsc. I 84/10.
Fragill fortoun … standis never ane monetht at ane porpois
a1578 Pitsc. I 191/12. 1581 Exch. R. XXI 551.
Bayth the saidis parties oblissis thame to stand and abyid thairat bot ony reclaming
1586 Soc. Ant. IV 423.
The skippar was at me again to see gif we wad give the 1800 merkis. I stude still at the 1000 merkis that your Lordship offerit him
c1590 J. Stewart 207 § 31.
Than nixt the fair humilitie … Quha loulie stuid at strict and narrow vay
1625 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II (14 Sept.).
He alwayis stuid at the denyell therof, and alledgit that sche grantit that wntreuthe as he callit it, in malice, to caus him be censeurit
1669 Corshill Baron Ct. 89.c. 1562 Dumfries B. Ct. 136b.
[He] on that ane part & Robert Velche on that vthir ar bund & oblist to stant at James Velche

d. To balk at, hesitate. 1638 Dickinson Source-bk. III 104.
The Lord hes led us … at every step we wald haive stoodin at … and forced us to goe up a neu step of reformation
1665 Argyll-Lauderdale Lett. 32.
The E. of Lowdons match with E. Eglintons daughter stands only at the jointer, which cannot be received without prejudice to him till the mater of the anuities be at some period
1682 Lauder Observes App. iv 308.
His stomoch did stand at it, in sensu univoco, yet might easily digest it in sensu aequivoco

29. To stand by. a. lit. passing into fig. To be or remain close to or in the vicinity of (a person) as an adherent, supporter or helper; to support or help. Cf. 1 b above. 1375 Barb. xv 239.
Schir Eduuard had of him pite … He stud thar-by till he wes ded
a1400 Leg. S. xix 393.
His men, that stud [hym] by, Hynt hyme vpe
c1420 Wynt. v 225.
All that herd and stude hym by
c1420 Wynt. v 1913.
Thai that stud hym by Tuk and held hym
a1500 Sir Eger 2503.
Meet him at his lighting down And I shal come and stand you by
1535 Stewart 28145.
So did the lordis all that stude him by

b. To adhere to, attend to, support (an attitude, idea, etc.). 1513 Doug. x ii 132.
Lat … thame thar awin fortoun stand by, And bruke thar wark thai haue begun
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 153/20.
As to the vngodlie mwrmwr … of the cuntre vndeserwit, I stand nocht thairby
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 174/19.
I desyr nocht ellis of ȝow bot that ȝe will stand be this persuasioun ay
c1615 Chron. Kings 108.
Robert Stewart … stuid be his denyall

30. To stand for. a. To uphold, defend, support (a person, cause, etc.); to guarantee (a person, claim, etc.), also, I stand ford, I guarantee it. 1384–5 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 5.
That thai sall stand furght for hym and his boundes and he sall stand for hym and his boundes vnder the samen condicion
1409 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 73.
In the witnes of the qwhilk thyng we haf sett to the sele of oure lady oure modyr … the qwhilk we sal stand for as for oure awne
1412 Aberd. B. Rec. I 389.
That nane reset … ony outduelland men … bot qwhame at thai will stand for
a1500 Henr. Fab. 564.
Than will thai stint, I stand for it
a1500 Seven S. 1739.
This nycht I haf sene in my slepe … this I stand ford to ȝow Ane hammere barrell of gold
1531 Glasgow Prot. IV 39.
Gaef … ther be ony mair anwell tane nor fyf crownis … the sayd Robert … sall pas to the toder part and stand for raleyf of the samyne
a1540 Freiris Berw. 433 (B).
Gif that ȝe list or thinkis to haif moir It salbe had and I sall stand thairfoir
1540 Lynd. Sat. 3982.
Thou art ane limmer, I stand foird
?a1573 Acts I 201 (red) n.
Betwix tua glennys and mownthis bord Devydis thai monthis I stand ford
1596 Dalr. II 467/28.
The faith for quhilke himselfe he band, and stuid for
1600-1610 Melvill 119.
The noble men … that stude for the cause of religion … against his mother's faction
1638 Rothes Affairs Kirk 166.
If they had … reasone and law for it, the King wold stand for it, that [etc.]

b. Of a thing: To represent, stand in place of (some other (equivalent) thing); to be designated as; to count as. Also, once, with indirect object. c1423 (1431) Reg. Great S. 45/2.
The sele of Richart Luffale to this letter standand as for our awne
?14.. Ship Laws c. 17 (H2).
And gif he will lat in a tvne of wattir he may And gif casting cumis it sall stand for a tvne in the schip in compt
1547 Aberd. B. Rec. I 249.
The saidis priour [etc.] … producit na thing tha beying oft tymes callit thairto, quherfor the said John Brabaner protestit … that it suld stand thame for ane terme peremptour and at tha suld haue [na] place to produce ony thing in tyme cuming
Arundel MS 242/124.
And that thi maist meik ded stand for the day of my dede
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 219.
This fer, deir brether, sall stand for the first heid
c1641–54 J. Gordon in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 515.
It is alledged this river and the profits therof to stand for 100 merkland of the 700 merklands of Lorne

31. To stand to (till). a. To adhere to, abide by, be bound by (a promise, decree, contract, etc., also, a person, in respect of his function as arbiter).(1) ?1438 Alex. ii 647.
Quhat ever ȝe do, I stand thair-till
1419 Wemyss Chart. 45.
Askit hym gyf he wald stand to the determinacioun of the lordys of the consale, and he said, yaa
1456 Hay I 42/1.
He wald nocht stand till his promes that he had hecht
1488–9 Reg. Paisley 406. 1531 Bell. Boece I lviii.
Gif the samin be nocht done, the biar will nocht stand to the contract of merchandice
1572 Cal. Sc. P. IV 288. 1602 Dundee Shipping P. 74.
The mayrschandis … offerrit him ane stand of wellwos … to cawss the said Willyeme to tak awcht hownder dokatis and he wald in no wayis stand to it and wald forwart agene for expensiss
1629 Cullen B. Rec. 13b.
The … shoemackers … slight and villifie the saids acts … and will not stand thairto
1635 Dickson Wr. 22.
Stand to this change, and quit it not
1641 Recantation of Two Ancient Prelates 2.
[I] shall stand and adhere to all the acts and constitutions of the late assemblie
1654 Dumfries Kirk S. 21 Sept.
The said Mathow stood long to the denyall of it
1664 Edinb. Surgeons p. 321.
The said George did appell to the calling & did declair that he wold not stand to thar determination
1698 Penninghame Par. Rec. I 23.
My oath … which I shall stand to till death and through eternity; as the truth
(2) 1681 Kirkintilloch B. Ct. 115.
James Smallie and Jonet Dalrymple refferred all the debait of the house maille. Jonet Dalrymple tooke William Baillie, James Smallie tooke David Dalrymple for his man and both subscryved to stand to their men

b. To stand to law, to be answerable before the law. Cf., also, 2 e above. c1500 Fyve Bestes 12.
The kingis justice … tuke thaim all and to law gart thaim stand

c. To accept (a consequence); to take (a chance). 1456 Hay I 141/26.
As men of were, thai mon stand to thair fortune
1456 Hay I 182/15.
Sen he has tane sauf condyt of him that na power has, lat him stand till his hap
1641 Hibbert P. No. 12.
We will … stand to our hazard of any thing that sall follow

d. To take action in some regard; to attend to; to support (a view). Also absol. 1610 9th Rep. Hist. MSS App. 240/2.
He stode to his defence
1611 Reg. Privy C. IX 202.
[The complainer … ] standing to his awne defence, … [a number of the inhabitants came in arms [etc.]]
1623 Melrose P. 534.
Seeing the protestatioun past onlie an discours, and wes not stand too, bot obedyence promeist
1625 Sc. N. & Q. 2 Ser. II 50.
[He was] constrayned in his … defence to stand to the saulftie of his lyffe
c1630 Scot Narr. 57.
I charge you, my good people … to stand to your purity
1632 Lithgow Trav. vii 328.
Saylers have the paine By drudging pulling hayling standing to it In cold and raine
1638 Nat. Covenant in Facs. Nat. MSS III xcvii.
We shall … stand … to the mutuall defence and assistance everie one of us of another
c1650 Spalding I 225.
This suddant depairtour of the King … bred gryt feir in the hairtis of his loyall subiectis standing to his opinioun
absol. 1570 Sat. P. xx 69.
Stand to, thairfoir, … [and] all togidder draw, … For feir of efter flaw

e. Of a court: To be the responsibility of; to be responsible to (an authority). 1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i 105b.
That sic ane court quhere the foure burrowes are assembled together before the chalmerlane to knawledge the judgement that is againe said in the burrow courts, stands to burges, as finall decreit in Parliament, makand end of all thing before them done

f. Of a person: To adopt an attitude to. 1527 Douglas Corr. 118.
And as ȝit your princely peticioune nocht fulfullit … my soverane standis of verray gude will thareonto

g. Of goods: To be willed or to belong to. 1582 Edinb. Test. XI 60.
I ordane the plenesing of my hous to stand still to the behuif and proffeit of my air

h. Of expenses: To amount to (a sum); to be the responsibility of (a person) in respect of (a sum).(1) 1598–9 Wedderb. Compt Bk. 111.
My part of victuallis hyris sailling and expennssis and hir beitting stands to 18 lib. 6s 8d
(2) c1660 Mylne Master Masons 149.
It stands to the Lord Marquis above twentie thousand merks disbursd by his father for the price and reparationes

i. Of a coin: To be worth (a sum). 1539 Treas. Acc. VII 56.
Gevin for xxm cronis of the sone … ilk croun standand to ane lyart, summa xijxxx frs.

32. To stand under. a. To owe allegiance or obedience to. b. To be subject to (a command, summons, agreement, etc.). c. To be in a particular state or situation. Cf. 6 above.a. c1450-2 Howlat 133 (A).
All statis of kirk that wnder Crist standis To semble to his summondis
b. 1471 Acta Aud. 16/1.
The partij standand vnder appellacioun nocht withestanding oure souuerain lordis vther lettres
a1500 Lanc. 915.
That she Wald grant hyme to pas at his request, Vnto hir knycht, stood wnder hir arest
1497 Acta Conc. II 71.
The Lordis ordanis the said fisching to stand under the said recognitioun in the handis that it is now in … quhill the said day
1570 Peebles B. Rec. I 318.
All persones quha hes offendit to stand vnder arrestament
c. 1496 Acta Conc. II 29.
As for the crimynale accions that thai mak thaim be callit before the justice and that to be decydit thair quhil thir partiis stand under ennemyte

33. To stand with. a. Of persons: To range oneself with (someone); to do battle side by side with (cf. 4 above); to support. Also, once, as his man. b. To stand with, to suffer from (a vice). (Cf. 6 above.)(1) 1375 Barb. xi 403.
Nane suld duell vith him bot thai That wald stand with him to the end
1550 Breadalbane Doc. No. 76.
The said Alexander sall nocht stand with ane of thame bot he sall be ane ewinly man for baytht the parteis
1567 G. Ball. 111.
Except the Lord with vs had stand … Thay had us … deuorit
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 34.
Disimulat brethrene … that stude with ȝow in battell, louking for occasioun to betray ȝow
1596 Dalr. I 198/13.
The principal persounes … quha stude with thair new elected king … war heidet
1596 Dalr. I 310/8.
Thay had stande with him in his defence against his ennimies
1641 Rep. Maxwell-Stuart Mun. 33.
Every ane of us shall stand with others and thair intres
1662 Bentinck Dornoch 240.
I would haue louicked your lordship would not haue stode with me for such a bussiness
1674 Cunningham Diary 46.
The feir was much lesse, but I did not stand with the minister
(2) 1500–1 Acta Conc. II 499.
[Robert Lord Crichton asked instrument] that he stude with the sade Jhone of Kirkpatrik as his propir man
b. a1500 Quare Jel. 281.
Ife a spouse stant with this vice [sc. jealousy] I wys All thing is said all thing is wrocht amys

c. Of non-material things, also, of fortune: To be with one; to be to the advantage or good of; to accord, concur or agree with. a1500 Sir Eger 1897.
If ye had hape to slay the knight: And force of fortune with you stood
1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 272.
I paus nocht bot to satisfy and accompleis your mynd in quhatsumevir thingis as may gudelie stand with my pyssance
1560 Cal. Sc. P. I 529.
[All things that] stude with [the common weal]
1559 Misc. Bann. C. I 262.
We find the saids artikles rationabill, not hereticall, bot ma stand with Godis word
1560 Rolland Seven S. 885.
To luke Gif that veyage with godlynes dois stand
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 140/30.
That the interpretacione of the mistery of the supper of the Lord conforme to the doctrine of the kirk may nocht stand with the articles of our beleif
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 154/30.
The ane may nevir stand with the scripture, the uther aggreis with the scripture

d. It stands with (a person, his pleasure, etc.) (to do something), it pleases (a person, etc.); it is appropriate to. a1400 Leg. S. xxvi 800.
He … ekyt thus this warldis gud & that lykine it with hym stud
1543 St. P. Henry VIII IV ii 284.
In case it stud with ȝowr plesur apon owr persute to grant [etc.]
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 153/8.
Gif it may stand with ȝour favouris, I wald be glaid to [etc.]
1596 Glasgow Prot. VIII Pref. xv.
Gif free will and electioun had nocht bene in thair power it could nocht haif standit with the justice of God to pwnische thame

e. To resist, go against (a person); also, to stand with (a person's) stomach, to fail to agree with, go against a person's point of view).(1) 1685-8 Renwick Serm. 431.
Give Him your all, stand not with Him
(2) ?c1675 J. Gordon Hist. III 98.
It was a pill so hard to swallow, that it stoode with the stomaches of many zealotts
1693 Sage Fundam. Chart. Presb. Pref. Sig. l 6b.
But after he had thought some time about it, it seems, it stood with his stomach

IV. With adverbs.

34. With various adverbs indicating location: About, abufe, befoir, beside, of far, on (a) far. See also Widdersyns adv. b. fig. 1375 Barb. viii 258.
Then said thai all that stud about [etc.]
a1500 Colk. Sow i 107.
Mony in a grit rout For lak of rowme stud about
a1500 Coll. St. Salvator 159.
A gret crus gylt with ane crucifix Mare and John and the tuelf apostolys about standand
1513 Doug. v xii 70.
Thus as he musyt, … Ane of the eldast herys stude abowt … quham … Mynerve … instrukkyt hym to serve
1513 Doug. xiii viii 93.
The Troian weilfar stud abufe
c1650 Spalding I 80.
[He] wes … put in the … coache standing hard besyd
1599 Thanes of Cawdor 219.
Tua haling ilk ane of thame and the third standing befoir
a1500 Peblis to Play 37.
Amang ȝon merchandis … I sall … Stand of far and keik thaim to
1375 Barb. xviii 85.
That ȝe … stand on fer but departing And se our fycht
a1400 Leg. S. i 487.
Lat Symon on fer stand fra the bede
1492 Myll Spect. 281/4.
He stud on fer and schot at him thre fellone dartis
1629 Justiciary Cases I 115.
He … stuid a far as ane on luicker and sa knawis nothing thairanent
b. a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 622 (Wr.).
Therefore take counsell, ere ye gang, Of some that stands beside

35. To stand abak, to move back or away, to withdraw. c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxxvii 20.
Behaldin the brichtnes of this angell The Magdalene and Mare Salamee Abasit wer in sprit … And stud abak
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. vi 258.
Procul este, stand far abake

36. To stand by. a. To be nearby; to be present. b. To await (an action, event); to hold oneself in readiness. c. To stand aside; to be excluded from.a. a1400 Leg. S. xi 84.
His fygur … In that clath mycht be sene clerly As he has standyne hym-selfe by
a1400 Leg. S. xxviii 277.
Hyr far flesch raf Til al thai That by stud mycht wele thru the skine The guttis se
c1420 Wynt. viii 905.
Thus say thai all here standand by
1433 Swintons App. xxxii.
Tharfor we ber witnes that we bi stud hard and saw, and for witnes was tane
1513 Doug. ix x 102.
Knak now scornfully With prowd wordis all at standis by
1540 Lynd. Sat. 4473 (Ch.).
Ane hundreth stands heir by, Perventure als great fuillis as I
1578 Inverness Rec. I 261.
The said Androw … wald haif slane me war nocht the bettir reddaris stuide bye
1632 Aberd. Council Lett. I 355.
They may have libertie to stand by and sie thame melted in the mynt
b. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2920.
Thai … bad him go furth & stand by
1513 Doug. xii xii 59.
For feir the bestis dum all standis by
1540 Lynd. Sat. 617 (B).
Sum bad haill, sum bad stand by
1632 Prognostication.
The 7-10 [Oct.], stand by, yee saylors, prepare the axe for the mast
c. 1535 Stewart 49924.
Withoutin caus or quhy Had gevin bene quhilk causit him stand by Stane still fra him … Quhill gude schir Thomas had the battell wyn
1603 Buccleuch MSS I 48.
He had been before and stood then by from being jurate for his misbehaviour

37. To stand our (over). a. Of Parliament: To be prorogued, adjourned. b. Of matters more generally: To be postponed or held over until a later date.a. 1539 Acts II 353/1.
That this present parliament proceid & stand our without ony continuatioun … ay & quhill it pleis the kingis grace that the samin be desert
1544 Acts II 447/2.
This present parliament to stand our and rin continewallie without ony specale continewatioun; ay and quhill the samin be expreslie desertit or dischargeit be my lord gouernour and hes wairnit all the thre estatis now being present to compeir in … Edinburgh the xvij day of November
b. a1651 Calderwood III 435.
[This matter] lettin stand over whill they come to the distributioun of the power

38. To stand out. a. Of a person: Const. for, to support; contend on behalf of. b. To refuse to participate in. c. Const. against, to oppose. d. Of things: To jut out, protrude; to stick out, fail to lie flat.a. c1578 Reid Swire 143.
None stoutlier stood out for their laird Nor did the lads of Liddisdail
b. 1640 Kirkcudbr. Min. Bk. 61.
As for these that hes naither subscryvit nor will cum in will, but stands owt they are to be fyned
1652 Dumfries Kirk S. 27 May.
Incaice they any longer stand out in withdrawing thair hand from such a necessarie and Christiane duetie
c. c1650 Spalding I 100.
Thay stood out aganist the covenanteris
d. (1) 1596 Dalr. I 15/34.
A verie magnifike wal … stiking and standeng out verie fair images
1596 Dalr. I 30/18.
Quhair thir twa riueris meitis hings ouir a gret craig and standes far out
(2) 1662 Crim. Trials III 610.
They will look vncowth lyk, thrawn [ … ] hurlie lyk, and thair clothes standing owt

39. To stand togidder, to be loyal, support one another; to act in combination. c1420 Wynt. viii 2249.
The lele Scottis men … Togyddyr stwd sa fermly
15.. Sym & Bruder 8.
In Sanct Andris thay stude togidder Bayth Sym & his bruder
1570 Sat. P. xx 182.
Lat not inuy cause sum ly by, Bot all togidder stand

40. To stand up. a. Of a person or thing: To assume an erect position; to rise, to get to one's feet. b. Of a thing: To be placed in an upright position. c. To rise from the dead. d. To climb upone something.a. (1) a1400 Leg. S. xii 316.
Thane Petyr vpe a-maunge tham stud
?1438 Alex. ii 3500.
Than tuke thay leif and vp thay stand
1513 Doug. i ix 14.
Vp stude Enee
1535 Stewart 22627.
Than vp he stude that tyme amang the laive
1600-1610 Melvill 638.
How soone he stuid up in oppin sycht he wes espeyit
(2) c1420 Wynt. v 160.
The buwys bowyd lawe Ewyn till hyr hand … Syne … Ewyn as before stud wp on end
b. 1375 Barb. x 744.
A leddir wp to the wall standand
1549 Compl. 102/20.
Ane vthir speyr set … athort betuix the tua speyris that stude vp fra the eyrd
1582 Misc. Stair Soc. I 115.
The notaris signe … is verie propirlie maid … and the I within the cirkill standis direclie and evin up
c. 1567 G. Ball. 11.
This same flesche … [Thocht it maie moulder and decay] Sall stand vp at the latter day
d. 1601 Crim. Trials II 350.
He stuid vp vpoune ane buird or furme besyde the said gibbet, and cald ane naill thairin, sa heich as he culd reiche it

V. In transitive use.

41. To stand (nan, lytill, etc.) aw, to be in (no, little, etc.) fear (of a person), to fear (to do something). Also without construction.(1) 1375 Barb. iii 62.
Quhen that the lord off Lorne saw His men stand off him ane sik aw That thai durst nocht [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. xlii 156.
Scho stud of hyme nan aw
?1438 Alex. i 2453.
He stude of thame lytill aw
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1533.
Off quhome all brutall beist in eird stude aw
c1475 Wall. vi 878.
The Inglismen off his face stud gret aw
1535 Stewart 39799.
Quhy suld thow dreid or stand of [him] sic aw
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2520.
Of na man we sould stand aw
1570 Sat. P. xx 66.
Quhome of do ȝe stand aw?
a1578 Pitsc. I 149/17.
Nevir ane man stuid of ane vthir aw
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 913 (W).(2) c1420 Ratis R. 1232.
Honore hire, and stand gret aw To wyrk aganis hire entent; Or ellis [etc.]
c1475 Wall. ix 851.
The Scottis defens so sykkyr was … Sotheroun stud aw to enter thaim amang
a1570-86 Dunb. Maitl. F. 64/96.
To bane and sweir na staittis stud a Man or woman grit or sma
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2791.
Fals carle, to speik to me stands thou not aw?
1615 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 45b (31 Jan.).
That he being ane elder sould nocht feir God and stand aw … till elud kirk disciplein
(3) a1500 Seven S. 801.
Scho answerd and stud nane awe
a1500 Seven S. 1635.
He liftit his hand & stud na aw And to the ymag he gaf a blaw
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 1268.
Janglaris suld it bakbite, and stand nane aw
1570 Sempill in Sat. P. xii 159.
Ȝe mak not to, as men suld do, I trow ȝe stand sum aw

42. To stand law (an action, etc.) on (vpone) (a person, his head), to bring (a person) before the law; to bring an action against (a person). 14.. Burgh Laws c. 93 (B).
Gyf he be syk [sc. an outlaw, etc.] he sal be … haldyn sykyrly qwhil the courte … and than sal stand law on hym
1662 Edinb. Surgeons 312.
Sall lend Hector Mcly … the sowme of fourty pundis to liberate him at the handis of Mr. Maxtoun anent his act of wairding that Maxtoun hes standing vpone his head

43. To abide by, obey (a judgment, etc.); to maintain (loyalty). 1489 Acta Aud. 144/2.
[Thai] oblist thaim … to stand abid and underly the decrett consale and deliuerance of [etc.]
1496–7 Acta Conc. II 56.
Baith the saidis partiis sal abyd, stand and fulfill the sentence, [etc.]
1501–2 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 86.
That aither … sall stand and keip afauld lawte and kindnes ilkane to vtheris
1530 Edinb. B. Rec. II 33.
To all vtheris craftis … the quhilkis partiis beand oblist … to stand abid and fulfill oure decreit … anent the mater
1573 Reg. Privy C. II 265.
Obleissis thame to stand and fulfill the injunctionis and articles quhilk wer aggreit be thame

44. To withstand, suffer (a blow, circumstances, etc.). Also to stand (something) out. b. Const. negative: Not to care or trouble (what is the case, etc.). c1450-2 Howlat 500 (A).
Was nane so sture in the steid micht stand him a start
1535 Stewart 12350.
Wes none so big of thame mycht stand ane blaw
c1590 Fowler I 56/239.
And how to liwe and stand but lyfe, when as my wofull hart Is soundred from his spreit
a1681 Welsh Churches Paradox 18.
Giff I had stand it out one day longer, then it had been well. Could ye not stay it out one day longer?
b. 1618 Spottiswoode Misc. I 83.
In this hee placed his credit … hee stood not much what men reported of him
1685-8 Renwick Serm. 369.
They needed not to stand what to offer; so they thought that ought would suffice

45. a. Of an expense or an amount of money: To be at (a specified rate or sum). b. Of property, a commodity, etc.: To cost, be valued at (a sum of money), cost (a person) (a sum). c. fig.a. 1513–14 Edinb. Hammermen 81b.
To Sir Thomas Maxwell for his procratour fee [ed. for] to stand vs
1653–7 Irvine Mun. II 256.
The purse stod beine the subscryvin of the book of the barons 12 s.
b. 1660 Lamont Diary 123.
James Lundy … bought from his brother … foure chalder of victuall of the lands of Straerly … it stood him betuixt eght and nyne thousand marks
1664 Glasgow Weavers 118.
The saidis landis standis ane thowsand merkes money
1673 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 288.
Ane considerable work … which before being brought to ane perfectione wold stand considerable moneyes
1677 M. P. Brown Suppl. Decis. III 121.
A cloak … which … stood him [£63] Scots
1687 M. P. Brown Suppl. Decis. III 638.
In sugar, they take at the rate of 24 pence for the pound, which stands them but 8 pence
c. 1672 M. P. Brown Suppl. Decis. II 655.
This rashness would have stood them all their lives

d. To stand (a person) to (a price), to cost (one) (a sum). Also fig. c1598 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 25a.
ii pypes tente standis me to xvii dis
1599 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 35a.
Sa mekell temerwarke as standis me to xii pound sterlyne
fig. 1540 Crim. Trials I i 228.
It stude him to no les nor his lyff … wnles he preveined the deid be punischment of the tratour

e. To stand (someone, etc.) for (an expense), to cause (a person, etc.) to bear (it). 1539 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 206.
Als, geif Volle Fausyde vyll preif … that he tuk the stane of woll … and pait for it to principail sellar, or the bailye stuid the common for it
1692 Conv. Burghs IV 611.
Mantaineing the comon milns one of which in anno 1688 did stand the towne for ane new house, [etc.]

46. a. To stand (one) in favour, to place (one) in a (favoured) position. c1420 Wynt. vii 1833.
Kyng Willame … stwde this gud man hale agayne In fawowr of hys awyne chapyllayne

b. It stands (one) in myster (necessite, etc.), one finds (oneself) in need. Cf. 6 c above. 1477 Peebles B. Rec. I 182.
Gyff thai wald … fynd hym his mysteris qwhylk that stud hym in gret necessite and fawt of his lewyng
1494 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 53.
Morys Thomson … offeryt his land to sel to the nerest of the kyn quhar it stud hym in myster

c. To stand (one) in (greit, na) steid, to stand (one) greatly in hand, to be of (great, etc.) help or avail to one. Cf. 22 d above. a1500 Sir Eger 823.
It … shal stand you into good steed While that ye have Gray-Steel's head
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5867.
Ȝour superstitious ceremoneis … That daye sall stande ȝow in no stede
1560 Rolland Seven S. 6510.
Culd we this gold … get in our hand, Into greit steid but dout it suld vs stand
1596–7 Wodrow's Life of Bruce 166.
Notwithstanding, brethren, that it stood us greatly in hand to have [etc.]
c1610 Melville Mem. 3.
Nathing stode me in mair stede then the eirly embrassing of vnbocht experience be the stombling errours of vthers

d. To stand (a person) to his aithe, to cause (one) to swear an oath. 1555 Dundee B. Ct. III 12b (20 Nov.).
The baillies hes stud the said George to his gryt aithe that [etc.]

e. Of a person's signature, etc.: To give (him) the right to what has been signed, etc. for. 1693 M. P. Brown Suppl. Decis. IV 105.
He … had purchased … for eight years' purchase, and his signatures and entry had stood him two years more

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