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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

King, n. Also: kinge, kinng, kink, ky(n)ng(e, kying, keng, keyng. [ME. king, kyng, OE. cyning, cyniᵹ, cyng (late OE. cining, cing).Common, chiefly in the possess. form, in early place-names, as Kingeswell (c 1200 Liber Dryburgh 139), Kingessete (c 1200 Liber Calchou 100), Kynggesside (a 1300 Chart. Neubotle 23), Kynggewell (a 1300 Ib. 27), Kyngeston (1221 Liber Dryburgh 255), Kyngestrete (c 1330 Liber Calchou 368), Kynkistret (1345 Ib. 379).]As applied to the King of Scotland at the time of writing, often replaced by the complimentary designations, our soverane, our soverane lord, his grace, his hienes, his maiesté, and in the possess., our soverane lordis, etc.

A. 1. A king, or the King, in usual applications and collocations.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 44.
To cheys a king … That off awncestry cummyn were Off kingis
Ib. xviii. 115.
The Erische kyngis
1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
Wyth ony sic worschipfull kynge as ȝhe ar
c1420 Wynt. v. 2742.
Thare sall na state endure, In caysere, kyng, na empriowre
c1450-2 Howlat 294.
Cruell kingis with crovne
1456 Hay I. 69/35.
Quhat difference thare is betuix a noble prince and a tyrane king
Ib. 125/6.
Quhy suld nocht … the baroun help him selff agayne his king, as the king agayne him
c1460 Regim. Princ. 156.
Justice makis riche … Bath king and knaif
a1500 Henr. Orph. 317.
Mony cairfull kyng and qwene
c1475 Wall. ix. 214.
Als on the se I clypyt was a king
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 197/9.
That certane of our kingis suld haf maid homage vnto ȝour kingis of Yngland
c1510 Prester John 310.
King amang all the kyngis of the erde
a1538 Abell 12 b.
At verite wes starkar na kyng, vyn or women
1540 Lynd. Sat. 3219.
Ane king is cum amang us That purposis to hede and hang us
1560 Rolland Seven S. 520.
Nobill natiue kingis
1567 G. Ball. 212.
Gif kingis wald mes to Rome hens dryve
a1568 Bann. MS. 134 b/2.
Ane king sekand tresoun he may fynd land
1598 Misc. Spald. C. I. 120.
The kyng that deit in Flowdoun
?1549 Monro W. Isles 9.
Four Irland kingis
1604-31 Craig i. 15/22.
Monarchs great, examples good should give … . Kinkes be the glas
1623 Melrose P. 503.
The Franshe King
(2) c1450-2 Howlat 983.
We cum pure, we gang pure, baith king & commoun
c1475 Wall. xi. 1280.
Now thai him kep to martyr … before king and commoun
1643 Boyd Fam. P. 31 Jan.
All stents … to be imposit vpoun the saidis lands … ather be kirk or king
(3) c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 3052.
Than Thelagonius was maid kyng
c1420 Wynt. vii. 227.
Quhat lord thai suld ches to be kyng
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2244.
Ȝone carlis word, as he war king, sall stand
?a1500 Steel Roy Robert 31.
I admit thé nocht as king
Ib. 186.
Quheu Edwarde Balȝoun rais to king
1513 Doug. viii. Prol. 137.
Sum [wald be] capytane, sum caisar, and sum king
1535 Stewart 97834.
[He] wes bot intrusit king
(4) c1460 Wisd. Sol. 376.
In the tyme that I was kyng in Jerusalem
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 284.
He kend bot Wallace king in Kyle
1562-3 Winȝet I. 50/4.
Quhow micht it be that ane Kinloquhy culd be king in Linlythqow
(5) 1375 Barb. xv. 161.
Schir Eduard, … Callit the Kyng of Irland
1389 Facs. Nat. MSS. II. 47.
Dauid Kyng qwhilom of Scotland
1397 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 34.
Robert throv the grace of God Kyng of Scottys
c1420 Wynt. viii. 2930.
All kingis of Scotland suld be sa vnctit
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 995.
As King of Jowis thai salust him in scorne
a1500 Bk. Chess 170.
The lyon King of bestis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xlviii. 103.
The King of Beistis mak I thé
1533 Boece 24.
King Alexander of Scotland
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4282.
This potent Pope of Rome, The Souerane Kyng of Christindome
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 266.
James the first, King of Scottis
1596 Dalr. II. 230/22.
The King of Ingland with his gartan … maid him illustre
1685 Sinclair Satan's Invisible World 214.
How there was a king and queen of Pharie
(6) c1420 Wynt. iv. xviii. h.
Now quhen Antiochus Kyng Wyth the Romanis made anyng
Ib. 1923.
Till Alexandyr the Kyng
Ib. viii. 3115.
In Cardros quhare the Kyng Robert lay
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 1494.
The King of Mede … , Jonand him fast to Nicolas the King
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 203/15.
This forsaid King Henry Beauclerk
1512 Reg. Privy S. I. 374/1.
King Robert Brus thair infeftar
a1568 Scott xxxiv. 41.
Ȝe cry on Cupeid King … in vane
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi. 454.
As quhen he arguit opynly Kink Herrod of his adultery
(c) 1549 Compl. 2/22.
Oure nobill illustir prince, Kying James the Fyift
(7) 1375 Barb. vii. 177.
Thai met the Kyng
a1400 Leg. S. vi. 8.
Til Inde, … Quhare Gundoforus is thare Kynnge
a 1400 Bute MS. fol. 141.
Vnder the ferme pese and proteccion of oure lorde the Kyng
14.. Acts I. 299/1.
Grant befor the Kyng
1412 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 389.
That nane haff lord … other na the King, the Duke, and the Erll of Marr
c1420 Wynt. iv. 2279.
That Kyng wytht crowne Thai knewe welle be his habyrjowne
c1450-2 Howlat 462.
The gud King gaif the gaist
1474 Treas. Acc. I. 22.
For a govne to the King
1513 Doug. ii. x. 20.
My wretchit spous and Kinge
a1500 K. Hart 673.
Wit said, Schir King be war
1550 Reg. Cupar A. II. 75.
The gret sele of our soueran lord the King
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 23.
To put doun the young King
1570 Sat. P. x. 182.
Than come ȝour King
1596 Dalr. I. 268/24.
In fauour with the King
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. ii. 157.
Called before the King and Counsell
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxvi. 784.
Sa gretly the Kink dred thai
(c) 1524 Edinb. Hammermen 113.
At the entres of the Keng, to the menstrallis viij s.
(8) transf. a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 326.
Confes thy crime, hald Kennedy the [B. thy] King
1567 G. Ball. 12.
The Deuill, … Quhilk of this warld is prince and King
(9) 1529 Rec. Earld. Orkney 59.
The said James Sinclar, kingis-like, as he war ane king in thai partis

b. Applied to god or Christ. 1375 Barb. ii. 144.
Der God, that is off Hevyn King
a1400 Leg. S. ii. 1102.
Befor the auchtfull jug & King
Ib. xix. 260.
I ame Criste … , The kink that thu seruis here
c1420 Wynt. Prol. 126.
In plesans of the Kyng of kyngis
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 214.
Crist our souerane King
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxii. 4.
Befoir the michti King of glorye
a1540 Freiris Berw. 448.
Than Symon said, I sweyr be Hewinis King [etc.]

c. The (three) Kingis of Cul(l)ane (= Cologne), the Magi or three Wise Men, whose remains are said to have been preserved in Cologne Cathedral since 1163. 1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 9.
The smythes and hammirmen sal fynd the three Kingis of Culane
1506–7 Treas. Acc. III. 285.
To the Kingis offerand in honour of the three Kingis
1507 Lanark B. Rec. 18.
For gold fuilyie and parchment to the Kingis of Cullane
1511–12 Treas. Acc. IV. 181.
Offerit to the three Kingis of Culane iij Franch crounis
1583 Sat. P. xlv. 669.
As Culen Kyngis that Christ adorned, Per aliam viam he returned

d. To play King Herrot or King Herodis part. c1475 Wall. i. 165.
King Herodis part thai playit in to Scotland, Off ȝong childer that thai befor thaim fand
1569-73 Bann. Memor. 197.
Adam Gordone, who playis King Herrot in the north, vpoun the Kingis freindis and guid subjectis; bot in speciall vpoun the Forbesses, whois rowmes he is going about to destroye with fyre and sword

e. King of sacrifice, = L. rex sacrorum, a name given to the Roman priest who continued the sacrificial functions of the earlier kings. 1533 Bell. Livy I. 300/6.
Grete Jupiter and Romulus, … and all the remanent kings eftir him succeding & the kingis of sacrifice ar callit men

f. King of armis, the, or a, principal herald. Lioun King of armis, see Lioun n.Also ME. (1449– ). 1473 Treas. Acc. I. 67.
Gevin to Irelande King of armis of Inglande
1494 Loutfut MS. 1 a.
Betuix the kingis armes and heralds of this realme on the ta part, and the seriandis of armes ... on the tothir part
Ib. 5 a.
Kingis of armes
Ib. 112 b.
The king of armes or quha that is thair present principal of that office

g. King of bene: see Bene n. 2, Bane n.3 1, and Bone n.4 King of May, see May n.

2. a. The king in chess.Also, a king in playing cards and in skittles.(1) a1500 Bk. Chess 2052.
The king Mor sober is in till his first moving
Ib. 2063. Ib. 2068.
The moving of the kingis knycht
(2) 1558-66 Knox I. 262.
I referr: decarte yow: Ha, ha, the four kinges and all maid
(3)Urquhart Jewel 278 (see Kyle n.2).

b. King of the Firth. 1701 Brand Orkney & Shetl. 144.
The n. west wind they call the King of the Firth

B. In the possessive. 3. a. Belonging or pertaining to a king, or the King, in a private or personal capacity.(1) 1375 Barb. xx. 306.
The Kyngis hert
c1420 Wynt. iii. 1048.
A gret stane … for this Kyngis sete wes made
?1438 Alex. i. 393.
For the gentill Kingis lufe
1494 Treas. Acc. I. 245.
The byggen of the Kyngis rowbarge
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 851.
Be that the Kings stewart cummin is
a1500 Seven S. 127.
Ane kingis dochter, ane madin bricht
Ib. 2305.
He … bad him bovn To be in to the Kingis. gard
Ib. 2311.
The Kingis fais straike he dovn
1526 Reg. Privy S. I. 520/2.
Thair treasonable intrometting with the Kingis persone
1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) 107.
Thre … wyndois to the Kingis kechin
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 23.
To be ennemeis … to yow, becaus ye manteine the Kingis actioun
(2) 1397 Douglas Chart. 38.
A dochtyr of ovre lorde the Kyngys
(3) ?1438 Alex. i. 3204.
The Kingis dochter of Nuby
Ib. ii. 3593.
The Kingis knichtis of Damas

b. With titles of honour, chiefly the Kingis grace, henes, hienes, etc., and majesté (see these words). 1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 100.
The grascheow[s]nes of the [sc. English] Kengys henes

4. Possessed, enjoyed, occupied or employed by the sovereign by virtue of his office; royal, crown-.e.g. the Kingis (rarely, King without inflection) armez, biging, castell, caytour, chalmer, chapell, comon, few, forest, hous, houshald (q.v.), land, male, man, etc. The Kingis day, a birthday or other anniversary of the King. — 1488 Acts II. 212/2.
[There should be] the prent of the Kingis armez on the ta sid [of the coin]
1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) 94.
In the inner chalmer … in payntit werk … tua squair pecis with thair chaiplatis, the Kingis armis, [etc.]
1529–30 Ib. 18.
Sand to the Kingis biging
14.. Acts I. 333/2.
In yhemsale of the Kyngis castell
1597 Skene Acts Table s.v. King.
Keipars … of the Kingis castelles or strengthes
c1450-2 Howlat 645.
As Kyngis caytouris
1467 8th Rep. Hist. MSS. 306/2.
Prouest of the colleg kirk of our Lady, the Kingis chapell Sitwat within the cite of Sanctandris
1670 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes 14 July.
Whither … any of the saids witnesses knowes any mairches betuixt the Kings comon and kirk comon
1610 Hilderstoun Silver Mines III. 19 b.
Coillis to be ane fyre on the Kingis day
1612–13 Misc. Spald. C. V. 90.
The 5th of Nouember, being the Kingis day, debursit, at the cousellis command [on wine, etc.]
1685 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 24 July.
To the master of the ground and Kings few
14.. Acts I. 324/2.
Gif copy of ackornys hapnis to be in the Kingis forest
c1575 Balfour Pract. 133.
Landis … beand the Kingis fre forrestis, ordanit for the fence of his wild beistis
c 1641–54 Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II. 536.
The Kings forrest very riche in deer
14.. Acts I. 346/2.
To the stewart of the Kingis hous for his fee xl lib.
1597 Skene Acts Table s.v. King.
The Kingis house suld be susteined be the … receivers of the rentes of his propertie
1650 Acts VI. ii. 567/2.
Three of evrie estaitt … To meitt anent the affairis of the Kingis hous
1525 Ib. II. 296/1.
The expens of the Kingis houshald is risin sa gret that his propirtie may nocht beire the samin
1508–9 Reg. Privy S. I. 272/1.
A lettre of tak … of all and sindry the Kingis landis of Urquhard and Glenmorysen
1587 Orkney & Shetland Rec. I. 210.
We, Robert, Earle of Orknay, … have givin … to the said Magnus Cursetter [etc.] … the thrie penny land of Kinges land called Cursetter
1595 Orkney Rentals ii. 2.
There is no kowisworth of land in the Kingis land or Bishoppis land, bot only in the vdall land
1633 Reg. Great S. 757/1.
1¾ den. lie Hamar in Aithstoun [in Orkney], viz. 1¼ den. ex antiquo lie Kingisland et ½ den. lie utalandis nuncupat.
1642 Rothesay B. Rec. 944.
William Mure his heretage, … his Kinges land, … his commoun land
1689 Ib. 1010. 1483 Acts II. 165/2.
As tueching the Kingis malis, rentis and fermez that ar haldin fra his hienes
1527 Prestwick B. Rec. 52.
He come to get the Kyngis mayll, & in nane ewell intent
c1575 Balfour Pract. 135.
The commoun use of this realme to pay the Kingis maillis and dewteis to his hienes Comptrollar, is at … Whitsounday and Martinmas
c1420 Wynt. ii. 324.
Thare he [Joseph, in Egypt] be-come the Kyngys man
1424 Acts II. 7/2.
That na vittallis … be deryt apon our lorde the Kyngis men … na be derrar sald quhar the Kyng remanis than thai war x days before his cummyng
1629 Kirkwall Sheriff Ct. Act Bk. 13 b.
That nae man sall vse of sheip callet of auld the Kings mark quhilk is both the luggis off
14.. Acts I. 33/2.
Quha sa evir he be that servis in the Kyngis mylne … he sall hafe na servandis in the mylne
c1575 Balfour Pract. 133.
Of the Kingis patrimonie
1489 Acts (1597) 77 b.
Touching the article of the Kingis propertie
14.. Acts I. 21/2.
Of the Kyngis rent in borowagis
1466 Ib. II. 85/2.
The thrid of the Kingis rent of assise that is to say of landis ande custumys
1597 Skene Acts Table s.v. King.
The deteiners of the Kingis rentes, suld be punished
c1575 Balfour Pract. 135.
The Kingis revocatioun: of in-bringing of his propertie, and payment of his servandis fies
1489 Acts II. 222/2.
Ony of the Kingis tenentis, malaris and inhabitantis his proper landis
1661 Ib. VII. 243/2.
That no processe could passe against them [the tenants of Lochmaben] bot befor the exchequer because they are the Kings tennents
1666 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes 13 Mar.
[In respect she stood infeft in the forsaid lands] and confirmed the King tenant under the great seal

5. Pertaining to the sovereign in his official capacity as head of the state and of judicial authority; royal, crown-.a. In various combinations, as Kingis amerciament, auctorité, consale, court, croune, cunȝe irnis, havyn, instance, irnis, lawis, licence, mercy, mister, monee, name, parliament, post, pundler, rebel, register, remission, roll(is, saif conduct, signet, trewis, will. Also the Kingis adjournal, apellacioun, brefe, chapell, chekker, eschete, hoste (oste), legis, lettir, pece, protectioun, see these words. The Kingis bluid, appar. = blood shed in contravention of the King's peace. Kingis burgh, = royal burgh; hence Kingis borowman, burgis (= burgesses). Kingis horn, see Horn n. 2 b, c. The Kingis Werk, see also Wark n.b. The Kingis calsay, gate, strete, way, also coupled with commoun and hie, he, etc., a main road or highway in the country or a main street in a town, so called as being specifically under the protection of the King's peace.(Appar. not always automatically replaced by Quenis during Mary's reign.)c. With the titles of officers of the crown. See also Justice n. 6, 7.a. 14.. Acts I. 34/2.
In suilke case the Kyngis amerciament is x li. forthi it pertenys to the Kyng
Ib. 381/2.
The challangeour [to] abyd in the Kingis amercyment
1525 Acts II. 297/1.
That it sall nocht be lefull to the lordis havand the Kingis auctoritie to vse the samin bot [etc.]
1567 Ib. III. 38/2.
The Kingis autoritie tobe establishit be the thre estaitis
c1575 Balfour Pract. 13.
Anent the … chesing of the lordis … [to] remane with our soverane lordis secreit counsall for the … furth-putting of the Kingis authoritie
1516 Selkirk B. Ct. 49 a.
[They] hes done wrangis to ȝow and the towne be caus of spillyne of the Kingis bluid
14.. Acts I. 23/2.
The Kyngis borowman may hafe batayle of abbotis borowmen [etc.]
Ib. 34/2.
The criour of the Kyngis burgh
1641 Peebles B. Rec. I. 102.
Togidder with the burrowmaill … as the Kinges royall brughis hes
1520 Stirling B. Rec. I. 7.
In amerciament for the regrathing of the Kingis burgis
1425 Acts II. ii/1.
The Kingis consale
Ib. I. 57/2.
Gif ony juge … pas out of the Kyngis court wythoutyn leff
Ib. 346/2.
All crymes … comittit within the jurisdictioun of the Marschall … sould be decydit in the Kingis court
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i. 49 b.
The Kings court vses not to cognosce … sic privat pactions … made in other courts nor his awin court
Ib. 72.
Deforcement in poynding, and the pleyes of the crowne, perteines to the Kings court allauerlie
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II. 1.
The justice, quhilk is called the King's court, from which ther wes no appealling, as being supreame
14.. Acts I. 34/2.
For sic falset pertenys to the Kyngis croune
1527 Reg. Privy S. I. 567/1.
Makand him … kepar of the Kingis cunȝe irnis
14.. Acts I. 387/2.
All thai that byis corne in the Kingis hawyn
1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. i. xi. 22 (1699) 70.
The Sheriff … may raise the Kings horn … upon the murder
1497 Acta Conc. II. 87.
The bailȝeis of the sade burgh … to answere at the Kingis instance apone the non execucione of thare office
1612 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 115.
[The woman's] subsequent consent sall not be anie defence to the ravischer to frie him fra penaltie … at the Kyingis instance
1476 Acta Aud. 49/1.
The taking oute of twa persouns furthe of the Kingis irnis put in be the schereif
14.. Acts I. 347/2.
All barouns takis the Kingis lawis into the Kingis court befor the justice and schereff
1425 Ib. II. 9/1.
That all … the Kingis liegis … leif … vndir the Kingis lawis & statutis of this realme alanerly
1500 Reg. Privy S. I. 84/1.
[Certain malefactors] quhilk eschapit fra him and war fra the Kingis lawis
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. Table s.v. King.
Quha hes waged … battell betwixt them, may not be reconcealed without the King's licence
14.. Acts I. 34/2.
The ferd tym he sall be in the Kyngis mercy of lyff and of membrys
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. Table s.v. King.
Kings mercie is not extended to the tynsell of … heretage
14.. Acts I. 41/2.
[The castellayne] sall ask gif ony suylk [swine or poultry] be thar to sell to the Kyngis myster
c 1500 Rathen Manual 27/1.
We cursis … all clypparis of the Kyngis monee vythovt the Kyngis consent
1436 Acts II. 23/2.
[The sheriff to] folow the said trespassouris in the Kingis name
c1575 Balfour Pract. 279.
Gif ony man happinis to distroubill ony court within this realme, fensit in the Kingis name
1622-6 Bisset I. 33/23.
Eftir sindrie … oppressionis done be him, in the Kingis name and authoritie
1679 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 312.
To open the Liggett in the Kings name, being a patent Kings Street
[He] cryed Farts in the Kings name
1449 Acts II. 36/2.
The Kingis parliamentis & general consallis
1551 Corr. M. Lorraine 349.
It wylbe your grace plesour to caus me be adwerteissit be the [sc. French] Keyngis post of your gud mynd
1628 Kirkwall Sheriff Ct. Act Bk. 13 b.
That every pundler sall be justed and maid equall with the Kings pundler
1509 Justiciary Rec. (Reg. H.) II. 144.
Gif thair be ony resettis … the Kingis rebellis
1498–9 Acta Conc. II. 305.
Ane writing extract … furth of the Kingis register
1496–7 Ib. 56.
He … tuke him to the Kingis remissione tharefore
1533 Boece ix. i. 285.
The namys togiddir with the crymez of trespassouris suld be ȝerelie insert in the Kingis rollis
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. ii. 136.
Nane of the lieges sould breake the Kings saif conduct
1498 Acta Conc. II. 211.
That letters pas under the Kingis signet til the burowis of Abirdene and Perth
1398 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 38.
Ilk man sal kepe … the Kyngis trewis
1501 Treas. Acc. II. 84.
For bering … rachteris … to the Kingis Werk
1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 299.
Daillis … to the Kings Wark
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. ii. 37.
Gif any man is found within the Kings land without ane maister … [he is to be] keeped … to the Kings wark, vntill he find … ane maister
c1420 Wynt. vii. 2873.
Thai … Put thame in to the Kyngys will
1457 Acts II. 48/2.
His gudis salbe confyskyt to the King and his life at the Kingis will
1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. ii. xxx. 4. (1699) 281.
The defender … must presently find caution to satisfie the Kings will
b. (1) 1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 15.
The Strand on the sowth and the commoun Kingis calsay on the north partis
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Purprestvre.
Quhen ony … occupies the Kingis calsay, or commoun gaite
(2) 1497–8 Acta Conc. II. 118.
[The] tenement liand betuex … the land of Andro Murray … and the common Kingis gait
1530 Aberd. B. Rec. I. xxxix.
[Forbidden] to mak ony sic croiffis [of swine] in deformite of the Kings gait
1562 Stirling B. Rec. I. 211.
[They] sall lewe the passage on the hie Kingis gait lik as it is now
1663 Rec. Marischal Coll. I. 283.
The inlands of the aires of Gilbert Hervie at the south and the Kinges comone gaitt at the north
(3) 1497 Acta Conc. II. 85.
Schawand that the sade land was na way biggit upone the Kingis common strete
1523 Selkirk B. Ct. fol. 106 b.
[Land] liand avestaill the said brucht upone the northt part of the Kyngis streit
1572 Prot. Bk. A. Lawson MS. 17 b.
The commoun Kingis streit on the north
1580 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 164.
To remoue all vther impedimentis maid … in the Kingis hie streittis
1671 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 3 May.
That the haill inhabitants … keep ther dunghills … aff the Kings streit
1688 Irvine Deeds MS. June 8.
My tennement of land … lyand within the burgh of Irving upon the eist syde of the Kings hie streit
(4) 1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 72.
The commoun Kingis way on the sowth parte
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. ii. 41 b.
Ane man passand be the Kings hie way
Ib. 42.
The Kings hie way sould not be occupied be the horse
And it is to wit, that the Kings way, or get, sould conteine in brede fourtene foote; in the quhilk na damnage nor violence sould be done to any man
c. 1579 Acts (1597) ii. 37.
Sindrie persones that … be the Kingis aduocates vpoun their information raisis criminall letteris
14.. Acts I. 42/2.
Sua that na complaynt cum to the Kyngis chalmerlane
Ib. 345/2.
To the Kingis chancellare the fee of the grete sele
1587 Ib. III. 459/2.
[Persons] quhilkis salbe the Kingis commissioneris and iustices in the furtherance of iustice, peax and quietnes
c1575 Balfour Pract. 135.
The Kingis Comptrollar
14.. Acts I. 346/2.
For the fee of the Kingis constable x li.
1496 Acta Conc. II. 17.
Andro Lord Gray, the Kingis Constable in that part
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 491.
For Kingis counsalouris … Thai dreid for manly indignacioun
14.. Acts I. 346/2.
All the trespasis done vnder the wand of the Kingis merschell and constable
c1420 Wynt. vii. 3195.
The Kyngys offycerys … As chawncelare, chawmyrlane, and justis
1525 Acts II. 297/2.
The Kingis officiars makand warning to private justice courts [etc.]
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i. 157.
The King's officiars, sic as schirefs, justitiars
14.. Acts I. 375/2.
Bot gif the Kingis schireff or his seriand be thar
1456 Ib. II. 46/2.
That pur commonys ar … opprest be the Kingis schirefs, constablis and thair ministeris, in tymis of faris
1496–7 Acta Conc. II. 68.
Ormond pursewant, schiref of the Kingis in that part
1509–10 Peebles B. Rec. I. 42.
I, Johnne Bennet, Kingis sergeand of the scherefdome of Peblis

6. In other special combinations.Kingis seicknes, eiuell (= Eng. King's Evil, scrofula), Kingis Evin, appar., the Eve of the King of Bean's day, i.e. of Uphaliday, king's foot (of eleven and a half inches), kingis gray (cloth), King's language, peice, pear (cf. e.m.E. king peare (1585) ‘with a very little stalke’). The Kingis ell, the belt of Orion: see Ell n. 2. The Kingis keyis, see Key n. 1 b. — 1600-1610 Melvill 657.
We saw the royall ceremonie of tuiching some diseased childrein for hailling off sume of the escrolles, commonly callit the Kingis seicknes
1657 Balfour Ann. IV. 360.
The Kings ma'tie … healte 100 persons of the cruelles, or Kings eiuell
1558-66 Knox I. 230.
Upoun the Kinges evin, when French men commonlie use to drynk liberallie
1657 Moses Bundles, Misc. P. MS. (Edinb. City Chambers), Bundle 39, No. 1642.
Ane yaird lyand besouth the said halfe land surrounded with ane dyik and march exceptand fourtein kings foot towards the toun wall quhilk foote contening eleven inches and ane halfe
1610 Edinb. Test. MS. XLVI. 98 b.
Tuell elnes inglis claith callit kingis gray at iiij li. the elne
c1616 Hume Orthog. 2.
Your courteoures … on a new conceat of finnes sum tymes spilt (as thy cal it) the King's language
1586 Edinb. Test. XVI. 214 b.
Foure peices of gold calit the Kingis peices quhilkis are ane merk peices of King James the Fyftis cunȝe price of the peice iiij merkis
1693 Foulis Acc. Bk. 152.
To George Cathcart for 2 bargamond imps and 1 of the kings pear in the Weims [£1/19/0]

7. a. Of attire: Proper for a king, royal. b. Of silk thread, gloves, ale: Appar., of royal or excellent quality or make, of the finest sort.a. c1420 Wynt. vii. 1994.
[King Henry,] Hys body oure wes cled all hale In honest kyngys aparale
Ib. 2000.
Septyr [and] ryng and sandalys Browdyn welle on kyngys wys
b. 1506–7 Treas. Acc. III. 272.
The frenȝeis for the cover of the font [etc.] … of the kingis silk
1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 25.
That thair be na derare aill sauld nor sax penneis the pynt, and that the samyn be kingis aill and werraye guid
1585 Edinb. Test. XIV. 184.
Tuentie dosan of playne gluvis, price of the pair iij s.; vij pair of kingis gluvis, price thairof xl s.

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"King n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Jun 2023 <>



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