Show Search Results Show Browse

A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XI).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Tym(e, Tim(e, n.1 Also: tymm(e, tyem, thyme, taym(e, tayem, taim, teyme, teime, tem. [ME and e.m.E. time (Orm), tim (Cursor M.), tyme (c1320), teyme (Manning), tym (Rolle), OE tíma, ON tími. Cf. Tid(e n.]

1. A period of time perceived in terms of its duration, freq. schort tyme, etc. Also all (the) time. Also pl.See also Altime adv., Lang-time adv. phr., Mene time n., Midtime n.(a) 1375 Barb. x 487 (C).
Thar full schort tym liffit he
c1460 Regim. Princ. 270 (Marchm.).
Within schort tym thou changis thine entent, Sendand a contrar lettir
1476–7 Peebles B. Rec. I 179.
[He] sal warn his … sonis … on the spas and tym of a qwarter of a yeir befor or he mak ony alienation
1640 Mouswald Kirk S. 1 July.
If that they shall performe the mariage within the tym foirsaid
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxv 502.
In lytil tyme he monke mad wes
1385 Rot. Sc. II 73/1.
The tyme is to schort to mak full redras
?1438 Alex. i 1847.
He raid ane lytill tyme vnder ane hill
c1420 Wynt. i 567.
And all tyme that ile is sene Wytht gyrs growand
c1420 Wynt. iv 398.
It layit on sa fast off rayne … All the tyme he lay thare in
1535 Stewart 53042.
He thocht no tyme into his bed to lig
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 6073.
The space now of one thousand ȝeir, That tyme sal nocht ane hour appeir
1567 G. Ball. 7.
The tyme of fourtie dayis space
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 109.
I am assurit ȝour Heichnes thinkis the tyme as lang as I do
1617 Acts IV 557/1.
That all barkaris off ledder … lett thair ledder ly in the bark poittis to the full tyme
1622-6 Bisset I 84/12.
Thair maist ancient lawes … requyre largare tyme to thair dew correctioun
1670 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 262.
Ane nights tyme
1688 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII 244.
Robert Rosse … jougled with him ane considerable tyme
(c) 1500 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 85.
The time of xv dayes
1562-3 Winȝet I 4/30.
Albeit the time be schort, sumthing of ȝour prais man we speik
1606 Bk. Univ. Kirk III 1027.
They … required a time to seek the benefite of the law
(d) 1685 Dunlop P. III 17.
We hop that a litell tayem will afaird us knoladg on of another
pl. 1452 Douglas Chart. 78.
The said lord … sall haue fre entre and ische in the said castell at all tymes

b. That (quhat) tyme, the tyme of, during that period of time, at that time. 1375 Barb. xx 597 (C).
The erll of Murreff, that the cure That tyme of Scotland had
c1420 Wynt. v 4675.
Saynct Genoveffe … Lyvyd that tyme in Parys
c1420 Wynt. ii 65.
Quhat tyme that hyr lykyng stude … for to se blude
1483 Acta Aud. *115/1.
As it had cours that tym that the Inglis grot ȝeide for ij s.
c1515 Asl. MS I 215/18.
Sir Alexander Levingstoun that tyme beand in the castell of Sterling
1535 Stewart 20723.
The greit distres tha had of meit … The mother thocht that tyme bot lytill harme, To eit hir child
1602 Conv. Burghs II 137.
Gif ony mariner neglectis his labouris the tyme of the loissing or laidning of the schip

c. For the time, at that time, at the present time, at the moment. 1484 Acta Aud. *135/2.
Takande the Inglis groit for ij s. lik as it had cours for the tym
1495 Reg. Episc. Brechin. II 316.
The lady preyst … that beis for the tyme daily at the lady mes
1501–2 Acta Conc. III 140.
[The wine] allowit to the sade umquhile Georg comptrollar for the tyme in his comptis
1557 Reg. Privy S. V i 58/2.
Johnne, Erl of Athole, lieutennent for the tyme
1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 84.
Cristian Harte … havand ane barne deid in hir hous concelit the samin and sua infectit James Moreis hous hir nychtbour for the tyme
a1578 Pitsc. II 48/25.
The Frinchemen … quho war captans … to Monsr Lorgie for the tyme
1598 Guide to St. Andrews (1953) 32.
This is the catalogue of the buikis as we might haif it for the tyme
1608 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 47.
The said marche stannes war placit with … consent of all the circumjacent nichtbors for the tyme
1665 Rothesay B. Rec. 105.
The said new counsell with so many of the old counsell as wer present for the tyme … did … elect the said Sir Dougald
1706 Boharm Kirk S. 1 Sept.
Because for the tyme the money is scarce

2. In various constructions expressing a person's relationship to time, esp. to delay, have, tak, etc. tyme. Also with reference to the loss or availability of time; a period of time viewed as leisure, or almost as a commodity. Also with possess. adj. Also proverb. Also applied to the duration of a piece of writing (cf. Tome n. first quot.).(1) 1375 Barb. xvii 735.
Nane had tyme rest for to ma
?1438 Alex. i 1380.
Thairfoir, with tyme and at laseir, He dicht him in his apparell And ordaned him for battell
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 207/32.
Asking wald haif … Convenient tyme, lasar and space
1546 Lynd. Trag. Card. 251.
I gat no tyme, layser nor lybertie To saye in manus tuas Domine
1559 Cal. Sc. P. I 279.
[Your honour sees more deeply than I, but I think I would] drive tyme [and give him no direct answer]
1565 Edinb. Univ. MS La.iii.388a, 3b.
Thair is bene great tinsale of tyme
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics ii 386.
Ludunt, passes the tyme
1584 Coll. Aberd. & B. 629.
Be penuritie of tym he culd nocht mak sik securiteis to his dochters as he wald
1585 James VI Ess. 74.
Sen that tyme is sic a precious thing … Flee ydilteth
1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. 228.
And we had time to have done them gif we had listed
c1610 Melville Mem. 43.
That he … mycht with tim mak him self maister of the haill
1625 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II 14 July.
It being fund … that his meining was bot to delay tym, his said suit was not grantit
1666 Laing MSS 351.
I fear you shall sciers fynd tym to ried this
(b) c1475 Wall. viii 502.
Our purpos is in Ingland for to ryd; No teyme we haiff off segyng now to bid
proverb. a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS No. 1266.
Tak tyme quhen tym is for tym wil away
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1635.
There is time to glie and time to looke even
(2) ?14.. Ship Laws c. 18 (B).
Thar for sal he nocht tyne hys tyme
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 172.
Wysmen gud hour in spekin bidis And takis thar tym
1492 Myll Spect. 272/4.
I tuk a lytill buk in Latyn to pas mye tyme
a1568 Bann. MS 82a/17, 20.
How to tak tyme and how tyme aucht to be spent … spend ȝour tyme in vertew & lerne to be wys
a1578 Pitsc. I 240/25.
Passin thair tyme in hunttin … and all vthir knichtlie game
(3) 1535 Stewart 42412.
My pen wald tyre … To occupie so lang ane tyme and space

b. In (gud, etc.) tyme, be time, time eneugh, in good time, betimes, quickly or soon enough.See also Betimes adv.(1) a1500 Henr. Fab. 1789.
Wo is him can not bewar in tyme
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2111.
Thow art … wyse at will, in gude tyme be it tald
1530 Lynd. Test. Pap. 354.
Tak tent in tyme
1531 Bell. Boece I 36.
Thay had slane Ferlegus, war nocht the king pecifyit thair ire in time
a1568 Balnaves in Bann. MS 139a/61.
In tyme latt be, I counsall thé
a1568 Bann. MS 147a/16, 17.
Tak tyme in tyme and nocht diffar Quhen tyme is past ȝe ma do war
c1575 Balfour Pract. 339.
Gif he dois the samin in due time and befoir litiscontestatioun be maid … his replegiatioun sall be admittit
1610 Misc. Hist. Soc. II 218.
If the rest of the nobilitie … had come in tyme
(2) c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 122.
Bid thame be tyme that thai haue repentance
c1460 Consail Vys Man 423.
Than sal thar frendis ful dere by That wald thaim nocht be-tyme chasty
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 613.
Win fast be tyme and be nocht lidder
(3) 1669 Buccleuch MSS I 458.
That I may prepare time enough to fit my equipage for the journey
1676 Letter of J. Carstairs to R. McWard in McCrie Mem. Veitch App. 496.
Title and preface may be thought of time eneugh; and its a good providence, I just now think, that it hath no title, since none of the printers will ever hear the author's name till it be finished

3. A particular period or stretch of time during which something is the case, prevails, takes place or is carried out, chiefly as specified in the context, freq. by of or that. Also pl. and proverb.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xi 387.
In that tyme of thare gud lare lxx thowsande Cristyne ware
1398–9 Acts I 212/1 (see Memor(e n. 3 b).
In the tyme of gude memor kyng Robert that last deit
14.. Acts I 33/2.
Scho sall mak gud ale and approbabill as the tym askis
14.. Acts I 34/2.
Hukstaris … sal nocht by … woll … outtane the tym of the fayre
1445 Aberd. B. Rec. I 13.
His condit for the tyme that he bydis … in the havynnis of Scotlande
1456 Hay I 15/12.
The sevyn angelis signifyis the sevin partis of the tyme that the warld sall lest
1468 Crawford Mun. Invent. II 4.
That he was na man to Wat Lindesay in the tym
1478 Acta Conc. I 15/2.
The annuel in Leith pertening to Johne Nap … for his deweteis aucht to him the tyme the said annuell was in his handis
1511 Treas. Acc. IV 532.
The ix day of December, within the tyme of this compt
1535 Stewart 46901.
All erthlie blythnes lestis bot ane tyme
1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II 198.
That he aucht nocht to remane the tyme of chesing of the counsale nor littis becaus he wes nocht ane of the nowmer of the counsale
1564 Warrender P. (SHS) I 38.
The tyme of our lese age
1565–6 Reg. Privy C. I 429.
That … scho had broukit the saidis landis and bene continewalie rentalit thairin fra tyme to tyme be the space of fiftie yeris bigane
1628 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II 13 Feb.
Scho … desyrit a tym to gang vp to the Garioche
1666 Laing MSS 350.
For the tym of the funarall of my dierest Inell I cannot give you yet an accomp of the day
16… Symson Descr. Galloway 114.
The Latine writters of the midle tyme
(b) 1686 Dunlop P. III 22.
As sad a tem as efer almost I haf met with
pl. 1554 Misc. Bann. C. III 65.
The labilite and breuitie of tymis, maneris and of men in this wale of teiris
1559 Edinb. B. Rec. III 54.
The chesing of thair dekynnis yeirlie at the tymes limite thairto
1596 Dalr. I 97/18.
In tymes of weirs … thay are brocht til extreime pouertie
proverb. a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 837.
True love kyths in time of need

b. This time (thir timez), the particular period under consideration. 1375 Barb. x 788 (C).
In this tyme that thir iuperdyis On thir castellis … War eschewit swa hardely, Schir Eduard … Had [etc.]
1531 Bell. Boece II 172.
Mony mervellis wer sene, about this time, in Albion
1533 Boece 419.
Nowthir in this tyme nor eftir mony ȝeris [etc.]
a1578 Pitsc. II 206/3.
At this tyme the Lyoun herauld … was depryveit
1638 Culross Kirk S. in Sc. Ant. V 115.
At this tyme all the laves layd this commission on Sir George Prestone to goe [etc.]
1645 Lanark Presb. 46.
This difficle tyme
pl. 1533 Boece 209b.
Towart thir tymez cunnyng men … war liffand … Donate [etc.]

c. A season of the year. 14.. Acts I 326/2.
The tym of fogage the quhilk is fra the fest of all hallowys quhil the fest of sanct Patrik
1456 Hay II 129/1.
Tharefore suld men in this tyme of ȝere ete gude tender metis
1456 Hay II 127/30, 33.
Of the four rathis of the ȝere … ver, somer [etc.] … the first of thir four tymes … begynnis the xxij day of Marche … the quhilk tyme conteynis four skore and xiij dayes
1456 Hay II 132/11.
Here declaris the … philosophour the … nature of the wynter sesone. Wynter begynnis … the xxiij day of Decembre … the tyme is myrk and blak
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2234.
In streiking tyme off ȝeir
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 273 (Asl.).
The tyme of sawying is callit tedious And eike of schering richt sweit is the sessoun
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 210.
Berfute berne, in bair tyme wes thow borne
1513 Doug. vii Prol. 13.
The tyme and sesson bittir, cald
1518 Fife Sheriff Ct. 108 (see Feriat adj. 1).
The actioune … to continew to ane certane day nochtwithstanding the feriate tyme of hervist
1562–3 Edinb. Old Acc. II 173.
For candill furneist be him the tyme of winter
1596 Dalr. I 15/22.
Baith the spring and summer tyme

d. A part of the day or night. See also Nicht-tyme n. a1585 Maitl. Q. 219/83.
Quhen day hes lost his licht To sie the tyme sa calme & coy & silence of the nicht

4. a. (In (of) (any, all) tyme to cum (cummyng), etc. (in) the future. Also pl. 1394–5 Menzies Charters 10 Feb.
Al the fredomys that … partenys or may partene of tym to cum
1400 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 49.
In hir lyife or in any tym to come
1401 Aberd. B. Rec. I 380.
Sa that hym nedit nocht in tyme to cum til mak sic pundyng
1456 Hay I 33/15.
The tyme that is for tocum
c1460 Wisd. Sol. (STS) 209.
That he knawis the thing that sal be in tyme to cum
1471 Acts II 100/1.
At the futbal & golf be abusit in tym cummyng
1483 Aberd. B. Rec. I 39.
That gif ony tym tocum … ony of thaim offendit til vther [etc.]
1490–1 Acta Conc. I 173/2.
The lordis … declaris … the sammyn … of nain effect in tymme tocum
1507–8 Rec. Earld. Orkney 80.
1619 Perth Kirk S. MS 9 Sept.
1680 Glasgow B. Rec. III 283.
[That] the inhabitantis of Greinock … desist fra importing of lether in all tyme comeing
pl. 1466 Reg. Dunferm. 356.
To endure … perpetualle tymis to cum
1526 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. II 358.
Gif ever she faltit to him in tymes cuming to pay [etc.]
1557 Prot. Bk. J. Robeson 179b.
Stobbis [input] … to remane as merches and methes in tymes to cum
1582 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. 71.
Gif his hors … beis fund in the kirk yaird tymes coming

b. In (of) alde tyme, tyme bygane, etc., in (of) the past. Also pl.See also Beforetime adv. 1400 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 44.
The feirde degre of kyn … the quhilk in alde tyme was callit neire
1401 Aberd. B. Rec. I 380.
It is previt dete that yhe aw hym, and of lang tyme by gane
1417 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 215.
The quhilk wes of alde tyme and is in possession
1439 Edinb. Chart. 64.
The wynde extendet of alde tyme on the soucht parte
1458 Reg. Great S. 143/1.
Al uthire lik schippis … sal pay ancorage as use and custum is and wes in tym bygaine
1476 Misc. Spald. C. IV 133.
Of the gret labour and charge ye haue takin on yow of tyme of for … and specialy now of laite
1490 Irland Mir. I 12/32.
How thou has lyfit in tyme passit
1533 Inchcolm Chart. 65.
The saidis landis ar ellis perambulit of lang tyme bigane
pl. 1458–9 Laing Chart. 37.
Dettis … quhilk at the saide Thomas is infallyn … in tymmis bygane
c1475 Wall. i 6.
It has beyne seyne in thir tymys bywent
1485 Lag Chart. 54.
The lande … that athir of thaim had in possessioune in auld tymis bigane
1513 Doug. iii vi 118.
Tymys lang bipast
1533 Boece 142.
In aventure he mycht suffir scharper infestacioun than in tymes went
c1545 St. A. Univ. Rec. xxi.
Mair necessour nove thane ony tymis bipast
1549 Compl. 88/12.
As there forbears did in alld tymis
1641 Mure Caledons Complaint 189.
In alder times
1649 Elgin Rec. II 432.
In tyms past

5. With possess. adj. or of: The period of a person's life, reign, influence, etc. See also Lifetime n. b. The tyme of one's life.(a) 1375 Barb. xiii 722.
God graunt that thai … maynteme rycht … Als wele as in his tyme did he
1391 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 379.
Jone of Forbesis fadre was … wise mychty and manly in his tyme
?1438 Alex. ii 4158.
It is ferly that worthy leuis Gif he his tyme in armes geues
c1420 Ratis R. 10. c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 13.
I thus haue … in my tyme more ink and paper spent To lyte effect
1456 Hay I 46/35.
His tyme of his conquestis lestit bot xij ȝere
1468 Edinb. B. Rec. I 24.
The dochter … aucht … to suceede to the heritage … of lesse than it was assignit of befor in the fadyris tyme
a1470 Liber Aberbr. II 106.
In the tyme of Vilyam of Meldrum than lard of the sam
1494 Loutfut MS 34a.
The lus in his tym changis his nam thre tymes
1518 Chart. Coupar A. II 117.
The said Johneis fader … brukyt the samyn peciably all his thyme and dyt in possessione thairoff
1532 Sc. Lore I 399.
Rentalit in ane merk of ferme land … the said Jhon brokand for his tym
1573–4 Reg. Privy C. II 329.
The said umquhile Williame in his tyme maid compleit pament of the sowme
1657 J. M. Beale Fife Schools 134.
The schoolmaster … his tyme being expyred layed doune his chairge
(b) 1687 Dunlop P. III 39.
It is true she wold be a comfort to yow in your tosing taim
b. 1395 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 4.
The for sayd Jon sal joys the frank tenement for the tym of his lyve

6. a. In grammar: The concept of time as it is expressed by grammatical means; tense in verbs. c1505-8 Donatus 1a.
Present tyme of participil
1531 Vaus (1531) 1.
Preterito perfecto & plusquam perfecto, tyme perfitely and mare than perfitely bygane
1531 Vaus (1531) 1.
Futuro, tyme to com
1531 Vaus (1531) 1.
Tempore presenti, tyme present
1531 Vaus (1531) 2.
How mony thingis fallis to ane verbe … Qualite, coniugatione, gener, nomyr, figure tyme and persone
1531 Vaus (1531) 3.
Quhow mony tymis is thair in the fyue modis of ane verbe?
1531 Vaus (1531) 4.
The tyme continuat is titast gouernit in the accusatiue cais, incontinuat tyme in the ablatiue cais
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 127.
Bot speykand in the present tyme it [sc. the text] sayis [etc.]
c1616 Hume Orthog. 31.
Tyme is an affection of the verb noating the differences of tyme, and is either present, past or to cumm
16.. Rudiments 6b (?).
The tymes of the passiue … may be easilie formed frome the same tymes and persones of the actiue

b. In music: The duration of a breve in relation to the semibreve, rhythm or measure. c1550-c1580 Art of Music 1.
Music mensurall … is discretion of modulatioun and forme in discrait figuris in mud, tyme, and prolatioun quantificat
c1550-c1580 Art of Music 6.
Tyme quhat is it. Tym … is ane breif tua or thrie semebrewis in the self includit. Or it is of tua or thrie semebrewis in ane breiff a dimention mensurall or ellis in this wayis
c1550-c1580 Art of Music 6.
Tym is ane mesur of ane preferrit or ane omittit voce continuallie proportionat under ane mowing

7. A particular moment in time; an occasion. Also pl.Also const. (the, sum, etc.) tyme, at the time or on the occasion specified; that or quhat tyme, on that or whatever occasion or time specified.Also with reference to a piece of writing.Some examples may belong in 9.(1) a1400 Leg. S. iii 125.
Syne hapynnyt atym that I … To the bordale I wente
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 525 (C).
Thrught the which closoures … The knyghtes … May ische in tyme & place gaynand
1401 Aberd. B. Rec. I 380.
He has delyuerit thaim frely at this tym
c1420 Wynt. i Prol. 111.
It is my purpos tyll afferme This tretis in tyll certane terme, Haldand tyme be tym the date As cronyklerys be-for me wrate
c1420 Wynt. vii 2061.
That lettyr I leve nowe here to wryte For … Worde be worde or tyme be tyme I can noucht lychtly bryng in ryme
1450 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 343.
Frae tyme that I sal be … joysand frely the benefice of Turray
c1450-2 Howlat 506 (A).
Throwout Cristendome kid War the deidis that he did Till on a time it betid [etc.]
1456 Hay II 123/14.
Gyf it befell that a man walde ete mony syndry metis that war laxatyves at a tyme
1464–5 Charter (Reg. H.) C.O. No. 60.
To mak him warandize vnto the tyme he war of lachful age
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2617.
Ane cruell volff … Vpon ane tyme past to ane reueir
c1475 Wall. ix 290.
It war gud tym off wykkitnes to ces
1490 Irland Mir. I 105/13.
The tyme of extreme jugisment
1531 Mining Rec. 2.
In siclyk maner as thay have drevin thair awin coill to this tyme
15.. James V in Misc. Spald. C. II 193.
I sall never trow ille one to the tym that I se the contrayre
1554 Facs. Nat. MSS III xxxvi.
Your Highnes syndrie giftes, gywen unto me … from tyme to tyme
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1252.
To this gude wemen will not nay, na tyme nor tyde
a1578 Pitsc. I 194/11.
Quhan tyme occuris that [etc.]
1666-74 Fraser Polichron. 326.
The kings cause … is now weake … .Our rising … for him may well ruin us and not raise him at this instant time
(b) 1545 Douglas Corr. 155.
One to siche tayme that [etc.]
1687 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 7 Oct.
The goods and gear that the said Marrion Smith com to the taym of hir mariedg with hir deceist husband
pl. c1420 Wynt. iv 84.
That all the glwt wyth-in the towne In tymys mycht be castyne downe … The gret wattyr off Tibere in
(2) c1420 Wynt. iii Prol. 29.
The tyme that Brutus wan this ile
1466 Acta Aud. 4/2.
The said twa merkis worth of land … war bot tennandry … & na proprete the tyme of the gift made
1488 Inv. Wardrobe 1.
The tyme of his deceis
1488 Treas. Acc. I 99.
The saim tyme at the king wes … in Fyfe
1499–1500 Acta Conc. II 397.
That the last lyne contenit in the sammyn letter … was nocht writtin the tyme that the remanent … was writin
1522–3 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 67.
Jacobus Cant … deponis that he was present the tyme quhen Wolle Ellot debatit with Jhone Smyth
1531 Bell. Boece I xix.
We sall writ sum othir tim mair largelie
1532 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 73.
The cognitione takin quhat Robert Orrok … was wortht in guddis tym he com
1535 Stewart 25337.
The thing this tyme that most desyris he
1544–5 Acts & Decr. II 7.
Ane coffir of hirris the tyme abone writtin … within hir chalmer
1549 Ayr B. Ct. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 166.
Johne Campble … desyrit to enter to the fredome of burgesrie gratis for his lawbouris the tyme that he wes litill Johne
1563 St. A. Kirk S. 154.
Jhon Gyb called and nocht comperand, lawfull tymm byddyn
1570 Leslie 76.
This tyme ther wes ane Italiane with the King
1651 Glasgow B. Rec. II 198.
In consideratioune of his losses the tyme he was takin be the Inglis
(3) c1379 Cal. Charters Suppl.
Qvat tyme at he will aske me … I sall gif hym my chartyr
?1438 Alex. i 157.
That fell euill to Otessory That tyme, for in the bargane … His helme and lance baith hewin wair
1425 (1431) Reg. Great S. 45/1.
Quhat tyme at thar be tutoris ordanyt
1448 Acts I 351/1.
Quhat tyme it is sene speidfull
1454 Glasg. Univ. Mun. I 14.
Quhat tyme at it lykis
1519 Maxwell Mem. I 240.
Quhat tyme or how soyne [etc.]
1535 Stewart 54661.
To that visioun richt litill tent he tuik, Trowand that tyme it wes ane phantasie

b. Fra this tyme furth. 14.. Acts I 110/2.
Fra this tym furth alswele salbe nemmyt [etc.]
c1475 Wall. viii 11.
He will … Fra this tyme furth kepe lawta till our croune
1494 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 68.
That … all and sundry … inhabiters … fra this tyme furth haif reddy … thair defensabill geir

c. With a numeral, etc. indicating repetition.sing. a1400 Leg. S. xvi 293.
The laydy dyd nomare Thane as scho had the fyrst tym done
1391 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 3.
In ony tym off the forsaid four ȝer
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2343.
This is not the first time thow hes done Sic harlatrie
1678 Rothesay B. Rec. 357.
To pay 1 s. per weik and proportionally ilk tyme before Lambas
(b) 1685 Dunlop P. III 17.
I hop to wriet more particularly against the next tyem
coll. 1375 Barb. xviii 193.
Thai war mony tyme that day Assailȝeit
1684 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. 3 Ser. XXXVI 162.
Five tyme this twelve month
pl. 1375 Barb. iv 95 (C).
Mony tymes ysche thai wald, And bargane at the barras hald
1391 Lennox Mun. 44.
Sal paye … twa thousand marcis … proportionaly, … as the tymiz hapynnis
1456 Hay I 69/4.
As I have othir tymes before declarit in this volume
1460 Hay Alex. 2401.
Him haid levir ane hunder tymes de Na be damanit
1474 Treas. Acc. I 21.
For grene ginger tane at diuers tymes
1491 Acts II 226/1.
That ilke schiref … ger wapynschawingis be maid foure tymes in the ȝere
1494 Loutfut MS 33b (see 5 above). c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 156/181.
Than fourty tymis the feynd cryd, Fy
1513 Doug. v vi 90.
As oft befallys syk tymys commonys amang
1567 G. Ball. 89.
Siluer seuin tymes purifyit
1623 Crim. Trials III 556.
Taking ane lang claith … and rowing the bairne nyne tymes within the said claith
1671 Dunferm. Coal Acc. 1b.
To James Huntly tuo dayes wricht work … for ane horse tuo tyms from the toun to the work
1691 Falkirk Par. Rec. II 31.
With frequent speates … many times it is impassable

d. Tymis, used to express multiplication. 14.. Acts I 300/3.
ix tymis xxti ky
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 87.
Thow leis, tratour! quhilk I sall on thé preif, Suppois thy heid war armit tymis ten

8. Ony time.See also Oft-time adv., Oft-times adv., Ony-tyme adv. phr., sendill-times (Seldin adv. b (b)), Sumtime(s adv. 1561 Reg. Privy C. I 173.
That the gudis war spulyeit of befoir ony tyme of my allegit intromissioun
a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI (1804) 286.
It hes not bein the custome of England to let louse onie grip that they haue hade of Scotland at ony tyme
1613 Glasgow B. Rec. I 335.
That he … renunce the same … and that he nor nain of his sall cleithe tham thairwith at ony tym heirefter

9. The appropriate, due or appointed time. b. With possess. adj. in particular usages with reference to a due, appropriate or appointed moment, specif. hir tyme, the expected time of childbirth; be-for thare tyme, prematurely; his tyme, his chance or opportunity. ?1438 Alex. ii 343.
‘Lordingis,’ he sayis, ‘tyme is to fare’
c1475 Wall. iv 267.
Quhen him thocht tyme, thai ischede on the nycht
a1578 Pitsc. I 187/12.
The duik … because … he was to be heidit wpoun the morne; thairfoir he thocht it best to prevene the tyme and to put his lyffe in jeopardie
b. (1) c1420 Wynt. vii 1282.
Gret wame wyth barne scho wes that day, Hyr tyme nowcht nere
c1515 Asl. MS I 219/1.
Scho … was deliuerit befor hir tyme … of ane knaif child
(2) c1460 Wisd. Sol. (STS) 430.
He sais as fisch ar tan with hukis … sa is synaris tane be-for thare tyme
(3) a1578 Pitsc. I 187/6.
The captane and his men became merie quhill at the last the Duik of Albanie persaueit his tyme … and maid ane signe

10. With implication of or reference to an hour, day or date. Also pl.Also, as time of day (or nicht) and in collocation with place.Some examples may belong in 7 above.(1) 1415 Reg. Episc. Brechin. I 37.
The tyme of our chekar haldin in the xx day of Junij
c1420 Wynt. v 1398.
On the Yhule day … At the cokcrawe the fyrst Mes, For Cryst that in that tyme borne wes
14.. Burgh Laws c. 81 (B).
Gyf thai cum on the nycht thai sal be herberyd. Bot in the mornyng qwhen tyme is thai [sc. fish] sal be borne hale to the market
1462 Cal. Charters Suppl. 9 Nov.
Certane persones … to meet at certane tym and place
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1187.
Heir I declyne the iuge, the tyme, the place
1496–7 Acta Conc. II 66.
Patrik kepit the tyme and place limmyt til him and brocht the soum of money
1497 Mill Mediæv. Plays 134.
[The Council will] pay thame v merkis of the common gudis this tyme tuelf monetht
1509 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 8.
That na wachmane … drink fra tyme nyne houris furtht
1549 Compl. 53/33.
Venus … in the mornyng … gyffis ane grit lycht, at that tyme it is callit Lucifer
1640 Kirkcudbr. Min. Bk. 76.
The viii of October, quhilk was the tyme intendit by us
1649 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. III 90.
vii September im vic fourtie nyn yeares quhilk wes the tyme of Mr. Johne Campbell his entrie to the office of Shreff Clerk
1655 Scot. Ant. XIII 34.
Concerning the celebration of the Lord's (Supper), that the tyme sal be upon the last Lord's-day of July
pl. c1527 Lett. James V in Bk. Old Edinb. C. XI 116.
The laiff to be contewnit to sic dais and tymis as [etc.]
1558-66 Knox II 239.
To appoint the tymes whan the Sacramentis shall be ministered
a1608 Foulis Acc. Bk. xliv.
The tymis of the natiuities of my fader … and off his bareins
(2) 1566 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. 69.
That nayne man taike up salt bot upoun lesum tym of day
1572 Prot. Bk. A. Lawson 19b.
He had biddin … in the same place lawchtfull tyme of day
1576 Crim. Trials I ii 56.
Item, Interrogat, quhat tyme of the day or nycht he maist resortit to hir?
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Breve.
The brieue suld be proclaimed … at the mercat croce … and in mercat time of daie
1622-6 Bisset I 291/30.
The Justice … suld cum to the ground of the landis at the courte tyme of day
1662 Melrose Reg. Rec. II 2.
The said defender being laufullie sumond … laufull tyme of day bidden

11. A turn or spell of some activity, etc., chiefly const. one's tyme about. c1420 Wynt. v 3526.
Ta part suld the fyrst wers say, The tothir syd the neyst … and ilk[a] syd Suld wayte thare tymys
1555 Edinb. B. Rec. II 223.
That ane of the counsale ilk day keip the dure thair tyme about
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Eclogues iii 59.
Alternis dicetis, ȝe sall assay ilkane ȝour tyme about
1580–1 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 193.
Begynnand the said watche at the North West quarter, and swa throw the haill toun thair tymes about
1626 Bk. Carlaverock II 75.
I wish their were a turn, and thei had thair tym about of waiting, to see if thei sal proove better husbandis
a1652 Dickson Psalms I 20.
Hee will be able to speak a word to his mockers, and holily to insult over them, time about

12. Time viewed as a continuum having no specified duration or end, esp. seen as an agent of change. Freq. contrasted with eternitie. b. transf. Eternity viewed as a period of existence in contrast with time as experienced in the material universe.(a) 1513 Doug. xi viii 117.
Tyme … Reducit hes full mony onlykly thyng To bettir tyne than was thar begynnyng
a1538 Abell 2a.
Four thingis … wes creat be God of na thing … the hewin impire, the nature of angell, mateire of the four elimentis & tyme
a1538 Abell 2*a.
The mater … contenyt in thys quheil of tyme
a1538 Abell 8*b.
Olympy tyme computatif of Grekis
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 119/12.
His godheid … He hes tane of His Fader without begynnynge and before al tyme
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 119/9.
His natural body … He tuik of the Virgine with the tyme
1549 Compl. 171/20.
The tyme consumis al thing
a1568 Bann. MS 82a/21.
Tyme tareis no man tyme goith as a gys
a1568 Bann. MS 83a/97, 98, 103.
Now tyme drawis in … Trest nocht to tyme … Now is the tyme of mercy and of grace, The tyme of repentance, this tyme thow sall bewaill, This tyme thow sall obtene, that tyme thow sall nocht prevaill This is the tyme of mesour, this is the tyme of joy This tyme sall haif ane end, that tyme sall nevir faill
1569-73 Bann. Memor. 32.
What will succeid tyme will try
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1862) I 200.
To draw by the lap of time's curtain and to look in thro' the window to … eternity
1645 Rutherford Tryal Faith (1743) 298.
A carnal man's faith … neither longer nor broader than time … goeth not one span length within the lists of eternity
1695 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds II 552.
To remove the said William McClellan from tyme to eternitie
(b) c1590 J. Stewart 233 § 134.
No thing so rammage bot vill teime repair Be douce intreitment
b. transf. a1568 Bann. MS 83a/103 (see above).

13. comb. a. Time-server, -serving, time-taker, a person characterised by his willingness to adapt his behaviour to the needs of the moment. b. Time-thing, the things or affairs of the material world.a. 1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 325.
That tyme-takers wold be now easalie decerned from true freinds
1621 Calderwood VII 482.
If time-servers and men-pleasers usurpe commission for Christ's kirk being her greattest enemies [etc.]
1692 Presb. Eloq. (1694) 41.
As unfaithful, time-serving, and silent ministers, as ever plagu'd the church of God
b. 1685-8 Renwick Serm. 544.
They should disdain to be taken up excessively with time-things, and to be encumbered with that which is so perishing

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Tym n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jun 2024 <>



Hide Advanced Search

Browse DOST: