Show Search Results Show Browse

A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 1990 (DOST Vol. VII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Rin, Run, v.1 Also: ryn, rinn, rynn, rinne, rynne; ryng; rine, ryne; renn-, rene; rune, rwn(e, rwine, runn(e; roone; rone; (Reyn(e). P.t. ran(n, ran(n)e. P.p. run(e, runn(e, rwn(e; roun(e, rown(e, rowine, ron(e, ronn(e; runnyn(e, -yng, rwnnyn; run(n)in, rounyn, rownyn; ronnyn(e, -yng; yronne. [ME and e.m.E. rinne(n (a1225), rin (Cursor M.), renne(n (c1220), runne(n (c1325), run (16th c.), p.t. rann (Orm), p.p. runnun (Cursor M.), ronnen (Piers Plowman), ronne (14th c.), runne (Gower), rare OE rinnan, p.t. ran, p.p. gerunnen, ON rinna (later renna), p.t. rann, p.p. runninn.]

A. Intransitive uses.

I. Of persons or animals.

1. To run, to move on foot at a faster pace than walking.To cum rinnand, to come at a run. Chiefly in early verse.(1) pres. ?1438 Alex. ii 9773.
Als hard as hors micht rin in rais He preked
a1500 Colk. Sow ii 158.
Bot weill was me scho mycht nocht ryn nor rys
1513 Doug. ix viii 44.
Takand … na maner schame Swa amangis men to ryn and rowp or raym
Ib. xii Prol. 185.
Tydy ky, lowys veilys by thame rynnys
c1520-c1535 Nisbet III 338/12.
1535 Stewart 1958.
Gif ane man that rynis in the faid War lamit … Quhairthrow he war vnabill … To ryn or gang
Ib. 15523.
And wicht as ony hors, Ouir … cleuche to clym and ryn on force
1549 Compl. 125/4 (see Ras(c)h(e v.2 6 (1)). c1563 Reg. Panmure I xxxv.
He … vald … only suffer the hwndis to rine
1585 James VI Ess. 71.
Whairto wyld asses oft dois rinn with speid
(b) 1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Scaccarivm.
Nocht deambulatoure, or runnand fra time to time, or fra ane place to ane vther
p.t. a1400 Leg. S. xxix 94.
Quha best mycht rane to the chas
a1500 Henr. Orph. 105.
As scho ran all bairfut, in ane bus Scho trampit on a serpent wennomus
Id. Fab. 185 (Ch.).
Throw mosse & muir … Scho ranne with mony ane hiddeous quaik
c1475 Wall. ix 1645.
Douglace … Rane wp a grece
1513 Doug. ii xi 93.
Throu the secrete stretis fast I ran
1533 Boece 266.
Sum part ran to the top of the mont
15.. Sym & Bruder 91.
The hors that bair him Ran startling to Stratyrum
a1578 Pitsc. I 188/15.
They rane spedelie and tauld the king how the matter had hapnit
c1650 Spalding II 444.
The houss … to whiche thay war rining for refuge
p.p. a1400 Leg. S. xxxviii 503.
Scho wald haf ronnyne in the fire
c1475 Wall. ix 1779.
Mony hors at ronnyng had so lang … thai mycht no forthir gang
(b) c1475 Wall. vii 1231.
The Scottis hors that had rowne wondyr lang, Mony gaiff our
(2) 14.. Acts I 327/2.
The huntar may folow his hund rinnand
(3) 1375 Barb. v 650.
His boy come fast rynnand
a1400 Leg. S. xxxii 435.
The feynde … come rynnande to Cypriane
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2544.
Come a mekile hart Richt spedely rynnand outwart
1460 Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 2173.
The king Philip come fast rinnand
a1500 K. Hart 491.
Than fresche Delyte come rynnand wonder fast
1513 Doug. iii ix 21.
He … cummys rynnyng in a rays Down to the schoir
(b) c1590 Fowler II 23/22.
Our maister apostat hauelie commouit … cam running from the otherside of the chalmer, desiring me againe to receit my argument

b. To go on foot, as opposed to riding on horseback. 1375 Barb. i 103.
That thai … Suld ryn on fute as rebaldaill
Ib. vii 60.
He ran on sid alwayis him by
c1450-2 Howlat 647 (A).
Robyn Redbrest nocht ran, Bot raid as a hensman
a1500 Henr. Fab. 946.
Na reuand beistis nouther ryn nor ryde
1490 Treas. Acc. I 173.
Til a cheld to ryn to Patrik Home with a bil to kepe the day of trew at Gedwort
1496 Ib. 288.
To the laddis that ran with the king at the halking
?c1500 Rathen Manual 28/1.
Cursit be thai … slepande vakande rynnande and rydande
1615 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 369.
For ane man that ran to Sanct Androis for Thomas Greafe quheill wricht

c. To travel (swiftly or frequently) to a place, or to and fro. a1500 Henr. Fab. 257.
On nicht they ran and on the day can sleip
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2862 (Ch.).
For ane vnworthie vickarage Ane preist will rin to Rome in pilgramage
c1552 Id. Mon. 2386.
Sum in hope to gett thare haill Rynnis to the auld rude of Kerrail
Ib. 2649. 1560 Bk. Disc. 200.
Idill beggaris, quho, rynning from place to place, mak a craft of their beggyng
1617 Ellon Presb. 99.
Counterfeit bards and fuills that rynes [pr. rymes] athort the countrey

d. proverb. a1500 Henr. Fab. 827.
Ay rinnis the foxe als lang as he fute has
c1508 Ch. & M. Prints iib 35.
A gude husywyf ay rynyng in the toune … accordis noutght
a1538 Abell 86a.
For neid garris nakit man rin
1558-66 Knox I 116.
The Scotesh proverbe … ‘So long rynnis the fox as he fute hes’
1590 Burel Pilgr. i 472.
Neid nakit man gars ryne
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 467.
He runs with the hound and holds with the hair
Ib. MS No. 861.
I can not both rin & spin & pisse & gather spails
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 586.
Gif he rinnis weil, he wilbe as weil feyed

2. To go, or run about unrestrainedly. a. Of persons: To run riotously, in a panic or the like. b. Of animals: To run free, loose, not under human control.a. 1375 Barb. ix 443.
The lave that ran [out-throu] the toun Sesyt to thaim … marchandis
a1400 Leg. S. xl 503.
& as he rane on the sand, Ane alde coble thare he fand
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 486 (Asl.).
Syn makis a man fulische and furious In his wod rage rynnand but resoun
1513 Doug. vii vi 84.
Gan scho ryn and cry Throw out the large cite
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2765 (Ch.).
Thay lyke rams, … rinnis amang the sillie ȝowis
1562-3 Winȝet II 13/5.
Wtheris as in a phrenesie, rinnand and ruscheand without knaulege quhat thai othir do or say
1584-9 Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. 28b.
The cwntȝowkis garris thame [sc. women] to ryne & reill
b. ?1438 Alex. ii 8863.
Thare was mony ane gude man slane And mony ane steid rinnand throw the plane
14.. Acts I 326/2.
Gif a greuhund be fundyn rynnande in the forest, the forster aw … to sende him to the king
1494 Loutfut MS 29b.
[The crocodile] forȝettis al his fersnes and worthis ald to rinne quhil a man may rid him
1533 Boece 177.
The hare … rynnys ithandlie & may sone be slane be sic wayis
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2112.
Ane fair forest … Quhairin thair was rinning ane grit wild bair

3. a. To run in the course of a game or sport; to practise running as a sport. b. To take part in a foot-race or (of a horse) in a horse-race (for a prize). c. To run in a ceremony or ritual.a. c1420 Ratis R. 1244.
Ryne at baris, and at the ball, And at the caich play with all
a1487 Gud Wyf & D. 115.
Na ryn at bares in the vay
a1500 K. Hart 923.
He gart me ryn full rakles … At ball and boull
a1500 Bk. Chess 637.
To teche … his sonnis … To leipe ryn swym just & schute
a1568 Scott v 54.
Sum rynis at barlabreikis lyk ramis
1600-1610 Melvill 17.
Ther also we … war teached … to rin, to loope, to swoom, to warsell
b. (1) 1513 Doug. v ii 51.
And eik, quha best on fute kan ryn, lat se
1662 Dumbarton B. Rec. 81.
The race saidle … run for at last midsummer fair
1684 Peebles B. Rec. II 113.
A plain plait … to be run for … upon the second Thursday of May
(2) 1504 Treas. Acc. II 431.
To Watte Turnbull to send for gray Gretno to ryn
c. 1533 Bell. Livy I 19/11.
Quhen the ȝoung men of this cuntre war rynnand eftir thare gise in veneracioun of the said Pan

4. To depart at speed; to run away; to take to flight. 14.. Burgh Laws c. 95 (B).
His bonde or ony that is falsly ronnyn fra hym
a1500 K. Hart 447.
Rin on thy way, or thow sall beir ane route
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 320.
Or the secund charge He wes ay redy for to ryn, so rad he wes for blame
1513 Doug. ii i 53.
The prest … From the cheif tempil rynnand in ful gret hy
1560 Rolland Seven S. 6312.
Out of that rowme beliue he rinnis
c1590 J. Stewart 69/161.
The freinles horse … hence he rinnis vith his maister bald
c1650 Spalding II 231.
The Lord Sey and Collonell Godvyne ar totally defeat … and forced to ryn to Allisberry

5. To ride on horseback at a swift pace, esp. in jousting, etc.; to compete in such a contest. Also in fig. context (see 10 (1) below).To rin at the ring, see 34 a below.(a) c1420 Wynt. viii 5190.
On qwhat manere Will yhe ryn at this justyng here?
Ib. 5201.
[At jousting] That ilk man ryn his falow till In kyrtill allane
1492 Myll Spect. 294/20, 24.
Ane interprys of armes … quhilk was to ryn of weir with thar scharpe speris … Alsone as this ȝoung squyer kest his speir in to his reist to ryn [etc.]
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 487, etc.
I am content all day to ryn, Till ane of vs the honour wyn
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iv 672.
He is not ane man to rin in our barrace
15.. Clar. iv 1102.
Befor that day thay never saw Sa monie lustie knights rining on raw
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 28/12.
Go dres ȝour hors, ȝour harnes, and ȝour geiris To rin at listis, to just and to turnay
(b) a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xlix 28.
To se Quha fairest runis, and oftest taks the ring

6. To hasten; to betake oneself a. To do something b. To (unto) a specified object or end; to have recourse to a practice.a. a1400 Leg. S. xviii 1049.
Ȝoȝimas ran To kes hyre fete
14.. Acts I 41/2.
That na castellayne sall ryn … within a burges house to sla swyne … na geyse … bot … he sall ask gif ony suylk be thar to sell
1456 Hay I 230/11.
Gif a Franche knycht … had runnyn before Bordeaulx to scoure the contree and tak prisouneris
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1232.
Thow wald rin to get thy intent, quick to the deuill
a1568 Scott xxx 54.
Rin nocht reklesly to rew
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 121 (W).
I ran als bessie for to luik Quhair farleyis micht be found
b. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2752.
Than the pepill incontinent To armes ran
14.. Burgh Laws c. 19 (B).
He … may ryn thrw delay to resonable essoigneis
1490 Irland Mir. MS fol. 280.
Euirilk man … suld … ryn besaly to pennaunce
1513 Doug. iv xi 15.
Sal not my menȝe to harnes ryn in hy
c1590 Fowler I 43/171.
For he … did ryn vnto his death
1600 Crim. Trials II 152.
Certane … subiectis … hard his maiesteis cry; quha rynnand to his releve [etc.]
1629 Boyd Last B. 63.
Judas, from horrour, may rin to the halter

c. To have recourse to a person or institution. 14.. Reg. Maj. c. 110.
Gif … that he haf nocht of the quhilk he may quyt the dett than at the first is to ryn to the borgh
1540 Lynd. Sat. 3061.
I ran to the consistorie
a1585 Maitl. Q. 240/40.
O Lord … to thé I rin and pray
1596 Dalr. I 166/2.
The noble men frome al partes cumis rinning till him
?1613 W. Alexander Doomes-day iii 655 (G, H).
[They then for helpe] in vaine to Neptune rinne [: winne]

7. To change or pass (rapidly or suddenly) in (into) a different condition. 1397 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 35.
He sal ryn in forfetur agaynis his kyng
c1420 Wynt. iii 188.
Swa that thai ran noucht in tynsalle
c1590 Fowler II 120/4.
Let him … forse that he … rin [not] in the … offence of his subiects
1686 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XII 200.
The petitioners pay … is exhausted … and he run in debt

b. (To be) fer run (runin) in age, advanced in years. 1531 Bell. Boece I 227.
Octavius, quhilk was than far run in aige
Id. Livy I 142/11.
He was sa fer rvn [v.r. runin] in age that [etc.]
Ib. II 26/13.

8. With adjective complement: To turn, or become, (something other than one was).Freq., to rin (mad, etc.).(1) 1549 Compl. 57/33.
Than dogis ar in dangeir to ryn vod
a1570-86 Balnavis Maitl. F. 356/25.
Fra thow rin twme as I preswme Thow hes baithe scayth and scorne
1570-3 Bann. Trans. 310.
Which when his servant Richart sawe, ran woode, and so died
a1585 Polwart Flyt. 549 (T).
Ane tyk tormentit, … That rynis reid-wood, at ilk midis of the moone
1596 Dalr. II 1/6.
Throuch furious ire he began in a maner to rinn wod
1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 87.
Scho rann wod and by hir mynd
1602 15th Rep. Hist. MSS App. ix 40.
Na small nowmer of personis for laik of knawlege … hes run louse to all kynd of villanie
1633 Orkney Witch Trial in Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 554.
The seiknes imediatly left him and his sone ran mad
(b) 1561–2 in Knox VI 139.
That thys quene is advised … to imbrace the religion of Englande, maketh them rone allmoste wyld
1598 Melvill Propine 32.
And men in private occupations runnes loose without feare of God
1621 Acts IV 624/1.
That it sall not be lauchfull for anye hyred servand … to leiff his maister … and to rune louse in that seruice except [etc.]
(2) 1540 Lynd. Sat. 4151 (B).
It gart my heid ryn hiddy giddy

9. To continue (in a specified way of life or condition); to go on (with what one is doing). The problems associated with this example are explored in Denton Fox's notes in the O.U.P. edition of Henryson's poems. This may be an instance of Ring v.3. Cf., however, 37 d and 42 a below. a1500 Henr. Fab. 539.
Prydefull he wes … And comptit not for Goddis fauour nor feid Bot traistit ay to rax and sa to rin [: sin; Bann. and sa furth rin] Quhill [etc.]

10. fig., or in fig. context, in various of the above senses.To ryn about the busse, ? to fail to answer a question directly, to prevaricate.(1) a1500 Lanc. 113.
Set yhoue … beleif the assay Of his seruice, as it wil ryne ore go [etc.]
Ib. 2383.
Of thingis which that rynyth me to blam
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Ephes. iv 13.
Till we rynn all into vnitee of faith
1533 Boece 58b.
To se … all the pepill rynnyng disordorit but reule or law
Ib. 137.
Dardane … drownit thus in vile lustis, daly ran in grete inconuenientis
1549 Compl. 74/12.
Of this sort ȝe haue run to ȝour auen distructione
a1568 Bann. MS 76b/1.
Sen that reuolt rynnis vpoun rege Latt rege be rewlit with gud rewll
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 58.
And euerye daye frome sin to sin tha rin
a1568 Scott xxx 11.
For ȝowth and will … rin lyk wyld vndantit hors
a1568 Sempill Sat. P. xlvii 7.
Gif ȝe sa raschlie rin vpoun suspitioun Ȝe may put vthiris on the pannell to
a1570-86 Arbuthnot Maitl. F. 60/152.
Thoucht all this warld ryn in confusioun Ȝit [etc.]
1558-66 Knox I 186.
He wold nott ryne whare God had nott called him, meanyng, that he wold do nothing without a lauchfull vocatioun
a1578 Pitsc. I 44/14.
The narrar that ane man be to … mischeif he rinnis the mair heidlangis thairto
1587-99 Hume 14/94.
So lang as in the race Of mortall men I rin, I cannot … Abstaine fra … sin
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xl 57.
Let weirds rin wod; let furious faits be fearce
1609 Garden Garden 30.
What rage from right to rin, A beastlie bygate to embrace
1604-31 Craig iv 32.
Thus having runne, and rayl'd till all admire thee, Fall on thy face, beg pardon, and retire thee
(b) a1578 Pitsc. II 304/4.
That God will suffer sinneris for to ring in thair sinis quhill thay rwne to vtter condempnatioun
1620 Crim. Trials III 486.
(2) 1549 Soc. Ant. XI 94.
Quhar the said erle rynnis about the busse in his ansur to excuis his faill

II. With a material thing as subject.

11. Of water, also of other fluids: To flow.Freq. with locative, also other, compl.(1) pres., p.t. 1375 Barb. vi 78.
He … saw the brayis hey standand The watter holl throw slik rynnand
1388 Bamff Chart. 22.
As alde departyson wes, as the water rynnys … bath thar doun and thar uppe
c1420 Wynt. i 147, 148, 150.
All Ethiop it [sc. the Nile] rynnys a-bowt, And throucht all Egypt rynnys out; Departyde syne in fyffe and twa Syndry partis rynnys swa
Ib. 1026 (C) (see Hevid n. (5)), etc. 1456 Hay II 139/7.
Wateris of … dubbis ar … bytter for caus thai ryn nocht [etc.]
c1515 Asl. MS I 169/15. 1500 Acta Conc. II 431.
Thai haf bene in peceable possessione of ane burne rinnand to thair myln [etc.]
1513 Doug. Comm. i v 29.
And from this loch cumys the flud that rynnys to Padva
1554 Prot. Bk. R. Lumsdane 31.
The strynd of the said well … rynnis on the north syd of the guis hawch of Kynmynty
1580 Rec. Earld. Orkney 355.
[The] burne rinnand thairbetuix
1595 Bamff Chart. 141.
Swa passand north keipand the said burn of Corfodlie as the samen rinis
1611 Oliphants 183.
And thairffra west wart as the pow rynis to the merche of Ross
1621 Perth Kirk S. MS 17 Oct.
The watter ran lyk myln cloussis … on the north syde of the hiegait
(b) 1584 Cullen Chron. Aberd. 68.
Thair, reweris rwine of lyffe, Heir, standin pwillis of mwid
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i 113b.
Waters runnand to the sea
p.p. a1400 Leg. S. xviii 1314.
A place quhare a burne had runnyn & thane was dry
1466 (1471) Reg. Great S. 215/1.
On the northburn quhare it rynnis or has runnyn in auld tymes
(b) 1531 Bell. Boece I xxx.
The watter of Clyde, eftir that it hes roun lang towart the north, crukis ay inwart
(2) 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 140.
With vile water … Rinnand ouirheid blude reid
Id. Æn. vii Prol. 19.
Ryveris ran reid on spait with watir brovne
(3) c1420 Wynt. iii 49 (see 12 b below). 1456 Hay II 138/6.
That water is of his nature … moyste … bot his nature is sutile and rynnis throu the condytis of the body
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 158.
Out of his nois the meldrop fast can rin
1513 Doug. v Prol. 54.
In fresch sapour new from the berry run [: tun]
1535 Stewart 59203.
Ane closat quhair the filth did ryn Of all that place
a1568 Balnavis Bann. MS 139a/60.
Out of thair schynnis the substance rynnis
1580 Skeyne Descr. Well 3.
As gif it [sc. the water] wer brint with irin, the vre thairof as it rynnis vpon the staines and ground ar of diuers cullouris
1596 Dalr. I 18/1, 3.
Gif the golde rather rann nocht throuch the feildes, nor wrocht throuch … labour war deluet out of the ground … it rinis frome sandie furdes of burnes or riueris
1600-1610 Melvill 499.
And yit the mater [= pus] rinnes aboundantlie Out of my hand

b. To flow as the result of melting. c1420 Wynt. iv 1896.
All the metall moltynnyd than In tyll a qwerne togydder ran
a1500 Bk. Chess 1600.
And all the gold & vr Was moltyne hat and in hir mouth it [ran]

c. Of wine, etc.: To flow through a tap; to be shared out or retailed. Cf. d (3) below. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 137/58.
At thair croce aboundantlie rane wyne
a1568 Scott ii 44.
The wyne on broich it ran

d. With the source of the fluid as subject.Thair uombe … louse rinnis, they are affected by flux or diarrhoea.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xxi 842.
A wele that to this day Of rycht gud watyre rynnis ay
1501 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 113.
Ande the syouris to ryne as alde vse and wonte
(2) 1460 Hay Alex. MS 10169.
Quha sa has ene rynnand contynuallie It is ane full ill takin
(3) 1548 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 134.
Vnder the payne of escheitt of the pvncheoun that is rynnand
1565 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 25b.
Twa peice of vyne, and the ane of thame rynnand
a1568 Scott ii 104.
And barrellis ran on broche
(4) 1581-1623 James VI Poems I 165/486.
The children … for thaire uakkness hes thair uombe that louse rinnis euer still

e. Of a current or tide: To flow (strongly or swiftly). 1375 Barb. iii 684.
Quhar als gret stremys ar rynnand And als peralous … As is the rais off Bretangȝe
1535 Stewart 11710 (see 35 a below). 1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. v 193.
Quhair thair runneth a stark tyde

f. Of water stored in a reservoir: To be rune, to have run out; to be spent. Cf. 16 below. a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS No. 168.
A dame that is long of gathering is soon rune

g. fig. a1500 Henr. Annunc. 38.
The miraclis ar mekle … Fra luffis ryuer rynnis
1656 Laing MSS I 306.
He may die and ther business rune in another channell

12. Of blood: a. To flow or circulate. b. To run (out); to be spilt or shed.a. 1456 Hay II 122/10.
Than rynnis the blude throwout the corps in the rycht vaynis
c1590 Fowler I 56/224.
The blwid … quiklye from his vanes dois rin and in his cheikis convertis
b. ?1438 Alex. i 867.
And I sall sie … The blude rin out of my body
c1420 Wynt. iii 49.
Bath gore and cres rane tyll his hand
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2202.
The vtheris blude wes rynnand ouer his heillis
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 977.
All the blude is ronn fra his body
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 18/103 (B).
Thow, quhois blude on rude ran for my deid

c. With the place where the blood is flowing as subject: To be wet with (of) blood. 1375 Barb. xv 71.
Than wes the slauchter sa felloune That all the ruys ran of blud

13. Of a pointed instrument: To pierce, or pass easily, (till something). Only fig. Cf. 26 below. c1420 Wynt. viii 4884.
This [sc. an arrow] is ane off my ladyis pynnys; Hyr amowris thus till my hart rynnys

14. a. Of a heavenly body: To move (swiftly or smoothly) through space. c1420 Wynt. viii 5525.
Eclippis is … qwhen the mwne, that rynnys nere Till ws, … Hapnys ewyn to cum betwene Oure sycht and the swne
1513 Doug. ii xi 27.
And from the hevin fell … A fayr brycht starn, rynnand with bemys cleir

b. Of a wheeled vehicle: To move easily or rapidly. 1375 Barb. xvii 609.
A crane thai haiff gert dres wp hey Rynnand on quheillis

c. Of the body of a snake: To move smoothly; to glide or slip. 1513 Doug. ii viii 61.
Hir slydry body in hankis rownd al run [Sm. roun]

d. Of a mechanical device, as a bolt or wheel: To move easily and without resistance; to turn; to slide. 1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 102.
The haill hous and myln quhairin the extre rynnis
1537–8 Ib. 218. 1538 Ib. 227.
For … ane slot to the kingis chalmer dure rynand on ane plait with thre stapillis

e. Of a crack: To move athort a surface. a1585 Polwart Flyt. 576 (T).
With scoiris and crakis athort his froisnit front, In runkillis run [H. rune]

f. Of a letter, etc.: To pass; to be sent; also, specif., to rin post. 1602 Lett. Jas. VI to Eliz. 145.
The ansoure shall no sooner cum to me, but it shall rinne post unto you
1612 Lett. Eccl. Affairs I 294.
No packett sall runne bot [etc.]

g. transf. Of a stuff: To unravel. [Cf. 19th c. Eng. run, in this sense (1878).] 1642 Caldwell P. 94.
Taffata sarsenet, such as will not run & scatter in the threads for thinnes

15. Of a ship or ships: To sail, move rapidly; to be carried along (by wind or current). 1429 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXXI 145.
The flot was rinning about the Moill
1513 Doug. v i 40.
We may nocht stryve … Agane the storm, … Lat ws follow tharon, and ryn befor
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 3187.
So that the bargis brake in schonder. Sum sank, sum doun the reuar ran

16. Of an hour-glass: To allow the sand to pass smoothly from one compartment to the other.In fig. context or fig., in the phr. (the, one's) glas … (is, etc.) run, (one's) time is at an end, exhausted or spent. 1600-1610 Melvill 33.
Mr. Robert Hamilton … conferrit with Mr. Knox, asking his warrand of that particular thretning against the Castel of Edinbruche, that it sould rin lyk a sand-glass; it sould spew out the Captan with scham; he sould nocht com out at the yet, bot down ower the walles; and sic lyk
fig. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 192/25.
Quhill that hir glas be run and past
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4198.
Quhen the glasse of his glorye wes roun
1570 Sat. P. xiii 211.
Rune is thair glas, and gone now is thair graces
a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS No. 587.
His glass is run

17. Of money, or of a coin: To have currency; to be in circulation.Appar. obs. in this sense before the end of the 15th c.(a) 1398 Acts I 212/1.
ijm pond of the monay now rynnande
1418–19 Liber Melros 502.
Fowrty pundis of gude and vsuale mone syk as ran in the kynryk of Scotland at the tyme of the makyng of thir presentez indentours
c1420 Wynt. iv 2534.
Ten pennys … That in to Rome for mone ran Havand the empryowrys … scriptyown
1451 Acts II 40/1.
The scheild that rinnis now in France
Ib. 41/1.
Dettis … contractit in the mone that now rynnis that thai sal pay it in the money at rynnis fra that day furth
1473 Reg. Cupar A. I 171.
xxiiij merkis of mone that rynnis
1482–3 Acta Aud. in Acta Conc. II cxvii.(b) 1429–30 James I Acts in Ayr B. Ct. 6 March.
xxx d. of the mone now ryngande

III. With a non-material thing as subject.

18. To spread, or pass, quickly from point to point, or from person to person. a. Of a report or rumour: To be, or become, current. b. Of a noise. c. Of a doctrine or condition.a. 1375 Barb. xx 275 (C).
And in-till mony fer cuntre Of our worschip ran [E. sprang] the renoune
a1400 Leg. S. xxi 843.
Of this byschape sic name ran, That til hyme gaderyt mony mane
?1438 Alex. ii 4705.
Of his hie worship ran the cry Our all the toun richt hastelly
1492 Myll Spect. 279/20.
Of quhais bewte was ronne sa gret a brute
1574 Davidson Three Reformers 108.
Thir novells through the countrie ran
?1438 Alex. ii 4742.
For the great worship and bounte That of him ran in the citte
b. 1513 Doug. iv xii 44.
The noys ran wild out our the cite wallis
c. c1520-c1535 Nisbet 2 Thess. iii 1.
Pray ye for ws, that the word of God rin, and be clarifijt
1531 Bell. Boece II 285.
This roust is ron sa far, that it may be purgit be na maner of way
a1561 Norvell Meroure 30a. a1591 Misc. Spald. C. IV 107.
That … His word may ryne and haif fre passage

19. To continue; to last; to remain in operation. Also proverb. a. Of a session of a court or of parliament.(1) 14.. Burgh Laws c. 59 (B).
Fra xv to xv days the courte in the burgh rynnys als wele of landis as of moblis
14.. Acts I 30/2.
That fra xv dayis til xv dayis rynnis the mutis wythin the kyngis burgh alswele mutis of landis as of othir thyngis
(2) 1544 Acts II 447/2.
This present parliament to stand our and rin continewallie without ony specale continewatioun
1570 Leslie 107.
Thair wes ane parliament rynnand under continewatione
1572–3 Reg. Privy C. II 204.
Ordanis his hienes Parliament now rynnand to begin … in the tolbuith of Edinburgh
1573 Ib. 226. 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 235.
The parliament … wes affixit in Edinburgh and the soittis callit and ordanyit to ryne vnto the tyme the same wer dissoluit
1593 Acts IV 3/1.
This present parliament to rin ay and quhill the same be speciallie desert be our souerane lord
a1633 Hope Major Pract. I 15.
The lords comissioners … declares this parliament to rin with all summonds of treasone … and wther causs particular and generall

b. Of a contract, tack, etc.Chiefly or only infin., freq. after a more or less precise statement of the length of time still to elapse before the agreement terminates.(a) 1443 Reg. Episc. Brechin. I 96.
With four moneth till ryn
1496 Acta Conc. II 3.
The saidis tennandis … had tak and assedacione thairof of ten yeris of the saide lord to rin eftir the daite of the saide tak
Ib. 30.
That he had the saidis landis … in tak … for certan yeris to rin
Ib. 31.
The landis … set to him … for certane termes to rin eftir the forme of the copy of the rentale [etc.]
1496–7 Ib. 45.
To preif … quhat termes the sadis tennandis had to rin efter the date of the tak
1508 Reg. Privy S. I 232/1.
Landis … left … in his handis … with all richtis and termes that he had or hes to ryn thairof
1515 Ib. 402/2.
A lettre of tak … to ryn quhill the kyngis lauchfull age of xv ȝeris
1542 Reg. Cupar A. II 20.
Ane … letter of tak … of samonye ȝeiris as ar to ryn of the saidis xix ȝeris takkis
1563 Reg. Privy S. V i 375/2.
All yeiris and termes of the said nyntene yeir tak to ryn
1571 Peebles B. Rec. I 332.
In the quhilk tak thair wes certane dayis thairof to ryn
1582 Misc. Stair Soc. I 111.
It may stand that the charter tuik na effect except be sasine induring the yeiris to rin of the tak
(b) 1522 Fife Sheriff Ct. 174.
He hes brukit the sammyn [lands] thir viij ȝeris bygane & hes xj ȝeris to ryne
1533 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 96.
For certan ȝeris to ryne fra Witsonday nixt to cum
1539–40 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 485.
Pretending thaim to have rycht, entires and talkis to ryne of our landis of Cokburnespeth
1561 in Liber Scon 217.
The possessouris had takis for yeiris to rine
c1642 Orkney Rentals iii 25.
1656 Glasgow B. Rec. II 329.
The haill space and yeiris yet to rine of the last nyntein yeiris tack
(c) 1551 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 182.
For the space of sevynteine yeiris of the quhilk thair is yit therttene yeirs to rene
(d) a1633 Hope Major Pract. II 122.
Als many yeirs' tacks as wes to rune of Kippis' tacks
1680 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds II 431.
[Should there be three terms unpaid … the said apprising] shall run and the legall theroff expyre
1681 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 23 Feb.
For the remander of the said tack yet to run

c. Of a specific period of time: To be current. 1600-1610 Melvill 28.
Quhilk was the 17 yeir of my age outpast, and 18 rinning

d. With compl.Of a term: To rin unpayit, to pass without dues being paid.Of dues: To rin payable, to remain due or unpaid.(1) 1495 Acta Conc. I 402/2.
Giff … Cristiane payis nocht at the termes forsaid … bot sufferis and tholis the Witsonday terme to ryn one payit quhill efter Mertymes
(2) 1691 Pittenweem Ann. 100.
And ther is only ane other chalder rinneth [pr. rimneth] yearly payable to the town

e. proverb. 1598 James VI Basil. Doron 108/9.
Uertu or uyce uill oftymes uith the heritage be transferrid from the parentis to the posteritie & rin on a bloode (as the prouerbe is)

20. Of a period of time or anything regarded as having duration: To expire; to come to an end.Only in p.p., in the phr. to be run (ronnyn, roune, etc.).(a) c1400 Troy-bk. i 150.
Sene he has this debate bygonnyn, … or it all be ronnyn, Als gret defoule may fall hym till
(b) 1484 Acta Conc. I *87/1.
The quhilk day being rvn [etc.]
1487 Reg. Cupar A. I 239.
Qwhen the sewin ȝere ar completit and rvne the said Margret sal haue assedacioun
a1500 K. Hart 46.
Vnto the tyme thair dait be run and past
Ib. 762.
Thair is ane grit pairt of this fayr day run
1505 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 103.
Quhill the ische of his termes be run
1510 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 10.
Thre curtis beand rune
a1561 Norvell Meroure 13a.
Thy tyme is runne finished and compleit
1561 Fam. Rose 235.
Tenentis quhais takis ar rwne till flyt
a1633 Hope Major Pract. I 22.
Tack … set from thrie yeirs to thrie yeirs, ay untill 19 yeirs be rune
(c) 14.. Burgh Laws c. 56 (A).
Befor that vndurn be runnyn in wynter
1496 Acta Conc. II 14.
Unto the termes of the sade assedacione to be made be fullely compleite and runnyn
1496–7 Ib. 48.
The sade viij dayis be[ing] runnyn
c1500 Harl. MS 4700 fol. 281b.
And thai termez be runnyn & fulfillit
1511 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 15.
Quhill sewyne cropes of the samyn be finaly runnyng
1514 Aberd. B. Rec. I 88.
And the said yeir be runnyne and compleit
(d) a1400 Leg. S. x 497.
Of his elde quhene rownyn war Be reknyne fyfe & thretty ȝere
1496–7 Acta Conc. II 55.
(e) 1493 Douglas Chart. 141.
Quhyll the hail sovme be fullely rowne and pait
1513 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 24.
(f) a1500 Quare Jel. 540.
Fare wele of lufe thy fortune is yronne
(g) 1533 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 102.
All … occupearis of the … landis … of the quhilkis thair tak ar rone
(h) a1568 Bann. MS 210b/21.
Quhen ye feill … that the wind is rowine let her stryk to

21. Of an opinion or custom: To prevail; to be current. c1420 Wynt. v 1516.
That solempnyte Ilk yhere to be done ay, As cours rynnys, on the Sownday
1454 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 335.
In the tyme of payment rynande of penymall at Wytsunday and Martymes as wynt be evyn porcionis
1490 Irland Mir. II 151/22.
And sophistic argumentis agane the devin sapiens at rynnis amang clerkis
1561 Dumfries B. Ct. in Prot. Bk. M. Carruthers 6.
As richt and custome of the realme in sic lyk cais rynis aucht and suld

b. Of a legal procedure: To be effective; to have effect. 1609 Skene Reg. Maj. 61b (Table).
Prescription rinnes not … agains him quha is absent
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II 225.
Na prescription to rune against minors

22. Of time, or of an era: To pass, go by, elapse. 1456 Hay I 15/18.
Be thir sevin bemes is signifyit sevin differencis of tymes that sall ryn durand the tyme fra oure lord Jhesu Crist tuke his incarnacioun
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1223.
Quhare Criste cachis the cours, it rynnis quently

B. Transitive uses.

23. lit. and fig. To follow (a certain way or course).To rin (another person's) cours or to rin a cours (with another), to act in the interest of, to take the part of.(1) 1375 Barb. xx 568.
At mydday to turne agayn The sone, that rynnys his cours playn
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2432.
The foxe the feind I call … Actand ilk man to ryn vnrychteous rinkis
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 14.
Thou lytil quair … It war to lang, for thé to ryn that race [sc. go to France]
a1570-86 Scott Maitl. F. 295/35.
Ȝe lang to rin that race That one or boithe sall rew
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 164.
And wilfullie dois rin the contrair rod
a1578 Pitsc. (1728) 90.
The king … took purpose and ran [S.T.S. I 208/7 raid] his way, and thought to win the town of Stirling
1580 Fam. Innes 140.
Althocht he rather rynnis the cours dereck contraire his aithe and promeis
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 812 (W).
That hapweill, rakwell rinnis
c1590 J. Stewart 88/296.
Fair Tytans steids haid rune thair vtter race
(b) 1590-1 R. Bruce 170.
It is the readie way to make him to run the right gait
1651 Comm. Gen. Assembly III 467.
Whosoever shall rune the back-trade of your course … shall … say [etc.]
(2) 1568 Pretendit Conference in Bann. Memor. 12.
Sene he [sc. Lord Morton] … rinnis nocht ȝour course, let him pas amonges the leave
1572 Buccleuch MSS 23.
Erle of Lenox … wes per[su]aditt … to rin a cours with England, attempting mony things innaturallie agains his native realme

b. specif. To rin a cours (in a tournament), to take part in a charge or onset. c1420 Wynt. viii 5294.
The Inglis men the prys gaffe than Till ane, that thre halle courssis ran, And forowtyn hyt
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 453.
Ane better cours than they twa ran Was not sene [etc.]

c. To cover (a certain distance) by running. 1535 Stewart 36306.
Ane messinger that had run mony myle, Come … to Culenus
1590 Crim. Trials I ii 203.
Your foster-mother wes commandit to ryn the breid of nyne rigis

24. To perform an assignment on foot or horseback.As to rin an errand, to rin a forray. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 132/44.
His erandis for to ryne and red
1527 Armstrong Hist. Liddesdale App. xxii.
How the Armstrangis, contrar the pece, hes ronne day forres … and murderit within the realme of Ingland
1533 Boece 393 (see Forray n. b). 1647 Justiciary Cases III 739.
[They] ran ane furrow throw the samyn, … reft, staw [etc.]

25. To carry through, or take part in, (a race) on foot or horseback. 1513 Doug. xii xiv 9.
We pyngill not for speid na curs to ryn
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iv 692.
The time hes bene I wald haif run ane race And brast ane speir
1567 Sat. P. iii 30.
[He could] rin ane rais and shortlie turne ane steid
1610 Reg. Privy C. IX 91.
Upoun occasioun of ane horse race whiche wes then run at Cumnoke
1621 Misc. Maitl. C. I 198.
Thair bell raice [at Paisley] salbe rwne on the saxt day of Maij

b. To ride (a course) in jousting. a1500 Lanc. 2818.
And many o fair and knych[t]ly cours is rown
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 453.
Ane better cours than they twa ran Was not sene sen the warld began
Ib. 514.
That rink thay ran in vane

26. To pierce (a person) through the body or through a garment with a pointed weapon. 1531 Bell. Boece II 286.
This Inglisman ran him throw the left ee [M. ran him with the spere oute throw the left ee]
1567 Reg. Privy C. I 592.
[They] ran him throw the cloik
1622-6 Bisset II 289/17.
Ane idill preist ran the apostill throw the bodie

27. In other, rare, tr. uses. a. To rin (a person) to mind, to come suddenly into one's thoughts. (Perh. orig. intr., const. indirect object. b. ? To run or pass (thread) through something by way of decorative stitching; ? to stitch; to make, as by weaving or the like. c. To roone (a person's fortune), to share another's lot. [e.m.E. to run (someone's) fortune (1567).]a. a1400 Leg. S. xii 219.
& alsa rane hyme thane to mynd, That he … had slane hyr sone
b. 1602 Treas. Acc. MS 181.
Gold cordanis to wirk and rin the harnessing in all the pairtis
1698 Dunferm. Weavers 182.
The thesaurer to cause run 36 badges, to the effect that they may be delivered to the poor within the burgh
c. 1586 Cal. Sc. P. VIII 364.
[He determined wholly to depend upon her majesty and to] roone [her fortune against the whole world]

C. Causative uses.

28. To thrust (a pointed weapon, esp. a spear) forward offensively (into (in) a person's body); to make a thrust with.(1) 1456 Hay II 16/25.
To ryn a spere, to excercise wapnis, and othir habiliteis of honour quhilk appertenis to nobles
1535 Stewart 4755.
Nobill men … expert to ryde and rin ane speir
1539 Treas. Acc. VII 49.
For four roundellis to rin the spere
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 1046.
And, sum time, … Full galȝardlie wald ryn ane speir
a1578 Pitsc. I 232/12.
He that ran the speir best, he gat ane speir … deliuerit in to him witht gilt harnis
(2) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 10/90.
Thay rane ane rude speir in his syde

29. To cause (a horse or dog) to run; to gallop; ? to race; ? to use in hunting.The quot. f. Scott may perh. be a single instance of reflex. use (= gallop).The passage quoted from Reg. Privy S. is appar. corrupt. Cf. rinning h(o)und, Rin(n)ing vbl. n. 3 a. 1504 Treas. Acc. II 428.
And to the boy ran the kingis hors, xxviij s.
1508 Reg. Privy S. I 241/2.
Gif … ony personys usis halking, hunting, stalking, rynnand rachis … in the sammyn [forest, etc.]
1529 Lynd. Complaynt 178.
And sum … Wald ryid to Leith and ryn thare horssis
1531 Bell. Boece II 358.
Quhen he wes rinand ane feirs hors
a1568 Scott ii 156.
Sym lap on horsbak lyk a ra And ran him till a huche
1569-73 Bann. Memor. 110.
Thai lap on and raid to Leith to rin thair horse and take the ayre
a1578 Pitsc. I 301/7.
He … knew nocht the gait and rane his horse in ane mose quhair he could nocht gett out

30. To rin (a fluid), to let flow from a container (usu., in order to sell).(1) 1554–5 Aberd. B. Rec. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 151.
Sax barrell of beir … that wes runin in my hows
1557–8 Edinb. Old Acc. I 270.
xx quartis of wyne tilbe run on broche upone the said Croce
1580 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 159.
That na … persoun … tak vpoun hand … to rin, vent, top or sell … any … aill
1593 Aberd. B. Rec. II 90.
Tua bunnis of Inglis beir to be placed and run at the said mercat croce
1613 Reg. Privy C. IX 552.
Ane dewtie … for everie tun of wyne quhilk hes bene ventit, run, and sauld in smallis
1623 Reg. Great S. 158/2.
Lie twn vinorum infra dictas bondas promendum et vendendum lie to be rwn and sauld
1624 Peebles Gleanings 75.
Elspeth Threipland … grantit scho ventit and ran four laidis wyne
1645 Stirling Merch. Guild 59.
As also gives hir tollerance to rin the wynes she presentlie hes within hir sellar
1650 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 612.
No woman sould vent or rin wyne or aill in the tavernis of Edinburgh
1660 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 187.
And that tuo peece of wyne be broucht to the croce … and run therat and givin to all that pleases to call for the samen
(2) 1662 Peebles B. Rec. II 53.
That no outland man hes friedome to rin tar in Edinburgh

31. a. To cause (metal) to melt. b. To smelt (metal). 1664 Edinb. Test. LXXI 253.
Four pewther plaitts being all run with the fyre
1664–5 Peebles B. Rec. II 205.
For hedder to rune the leid
1698 Stirling B. Rec. II 343.
For four pund lead to run in the crooks of the guard hous door

32. In other, rare, causative uses. a. To cause (oneself or another person) to be in a disadvantageous situation. Const. in prejudice, at ondyr and with ellipsis of const. b. To deal with (a case). c. To cause (a ship) to move rapidly or with impetus. d. To play (a fish). e. To cause (a trench) to extend from one point to another.a. 1390–1 Acts I 217/1.
The kyng … said … that it suld nocht be his wil … oucht to do … that suld ryn ony man in preiudice of thair heritage attour the commone lauch
?1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 240.
I hawe rowine my self sa far at ondyr [pr. oudyr] that [etc.]
b. c1475 Wall. vii 918.
Off sic thingis I will ga by as now … I will bot lychtly ryn that cace, Bot it be thing that playnly sclanderit is
c. 1640 Hibbert P. No. 9.
The Hollanderis themselwes ran hir to the craig and blew hir in the air with powder
d. 1680 Cargill in Cloud of Witnesses 15.
Like a cunning fisher, running a fish upon an angle, who at last casts it on dry ground
e. 1668 Edinb. B. Rec. X 52.
Quher he hes runn ane uther dyke to the citiedaill wall

D. With adverbial complements in various specialised uses.

I. With a prep. phr. as compl.

33. To rin apon (upon, on, etc.). a. To make an attack on (a person). b. To go against, treat with hostility. c. To be a charge on (apon). d. To depend (upon); to relate to; to follow upon. e. To have an effect on (wpone); to affect harmfully.a. 1375 Barb. vii 599.
He swappyt swyftly out his suord And on thaim ran [etc.]
1456 Hay I 64/9.
Thay traytouris ran on him and strake him throu the body
b. 1565 Facs. Nat. MSS III xlix.
The onelie mentioun of sa vnressonabill demand is sufficient to mak … all men run on tham without forder scrupill
c. 1456 Misc. Bann. C. III 95.
The Lord of Hyrdmanston xx lib., the quhilkis gif he payis nocht sal ryn apon the landis of Noss
d. (1) 15.. Dunb. App. ix 37.
Dispys fortun, richt rynis on synk and sise
1602 Colville Paraenese Ep. 55.
I abhor to gest in a matter so deiply rinning vpon our saluation
1684 Inverness Rec. II 321.
Ane order … to set Martine … at liberty, rining upon a petition presented to them by him
(2) 1584 James VI Poems I 76/25.
That the maist pairt of ȝour lyne, sall rynne vpon a letter, as this tumbling lyne rynnis vpon F [etc.]
e. a1500 Quare Jel. (1976) 517.
Quhich seith to fore syne rynnyth on thair sorowe
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 107/14 (M).
Quhar is ane tretour or ane theiff Wpone him selff rynnes the mischeiff
1530 Edinb. B. Rec. 43.
Convict … for the conceling of this contagius seiknes, scho haiffand the samyne apone her rynnand thir x … dayes bigane

34. To rin at. a. To rin at the ring, to gallop one's horse at a suspended ring and attempt to carry it off on the point of one's spear. See Ring n.1 6. 1579 Treas. Acc. XIII 292.
For certane sand led and laid in the Abbay clois to the kingis majestie to ryn at the ring

b. To run upon with hostile intention. c. To be run at, to be a prize for the winner of a race (? by being set up as the runner's goal). Cf. 51 (3) below.b. 1624 Crim. Trials III 567.
[He] being irritat with rage and furie, … rynnand at the said Duncane in revenge [etc.]
c. 1653 Peebles B. Rec. II 13.
The thesaurer to provyde ane saidill … and ane boll oattis to be run at upon Beltane day
1660 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 23 May.
That thair cup is to be run at in thair ordinar race upon the twentie nynt day of May

35. To rin by. a. To flow past. b. To rin by (one's) mind, to go out of one's mind. c. To run past, to ignore.a. c1515 Asl. MS I 157/19.
The see Elesponte … becaus of diuers placis that it rynnis by is diuersly nemyt
1535 Stewart 11709.
The flude so forcie that ran by the sand, And contra tyde rynnand fra land to land
b. 1572 Sat. P. xxxi 58.
Thocht thai suld all rin by thair mynd … Thay sall us neuer deir
1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 87 (see 8 (1) above).c. 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 447.
Wo to the fools of this world, who run by Christ to other lovers!

36. To rin eftir, to pursue; to seek out in search of help or support. a1400 Leg. S. xxxviii 313.
Thane Adryane … Ran eftir thaim with gladsum faire
c1475 Wall. vi 628.
Thai … Eftir the ost syne rane in all thair mycht
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 11/122.
Than swyth Contritioun … did eftir Confessioun ryn
1567 G. Ball. 127.
For punischement I serue conding, Ȝit efter Thé I rin

37. To rin in or into. a. Of a stream or the like: To flow in or into (another water). b. To rin (unpaid) in, to continue into another term with dues remaining unpaid. Cf. 19 d above. Also c. Without compl., in the same sense as b. d. To partake in; to be or become involved in; to continue in. e. To rin in aryre, to fall into arrears (of payment). Cf. b above.a. c1420 Wynt. iv 85.
All the glwt … for to ryne The gret wattyr off Tibere in
a1568 Bann. MS 266a/4.
And Tweid sall turne and rynnis in to Tay
b. 1510 Buccleuch Mun. 121.
Gif ane termes payment … rynnis vnpait in ane vther, thai sall forfalt and tyne thare said takkis
1566–7 Reg. Privy S. V ii 259/1.
And in cais of nonpayment swa that ane terme ryn in the nixt unpayit
1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 49.
Swa that twa termes being bipast rynnis in the thrid terme unpayit
1572 Ib. 362.
Swa that twa termes rin in the thrid unpayit (as God forbid)
1591 Reg. Great S. 643/2. 1592 Haigh Mining P. vii (3 Sept.).
This tak sall expyre … in cais the said Mr. Henrie … suffer tua termes to rin in the thrid without compleit payment
c. 1558 Inverness Rec. I 28.
In sa far as Thomas McIllmertyne [etc.] … hes nocht payit … their few mayll of ane rud … , and thair is twe termis bygane and rynnis in the thred, that thairfor he hes tynt his few
1564 Lochwinnoch Par. 72.
Gif any terme rynnis in ane vther, than … the said tak to expyir
d. a1538 Abell 124b.
This miserabill man lang rynnand in his wikkit will [etc.]
1560 Rolland Seven S. 6585.
He ran sa heich in vilanie
a1570-86 Arbuthnot Maitl. F. 57/83.
Trew preiching makkis the wyckit mair to rage The mair thai heir the mair thay rin in vyce
1572 Sat. P. xxxi 32.
Scotland … lang in bludschedding hes run, Ane patrone of mischeif
e. 1681 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 23 Feb.
The said John … hes run in aryre of ane hundereth and sixtine merks of boat rent

38. In other contexts with preps.To rin aboute, to form a continuous series of ornaments around; to rin agane (against), to operate in a manner unfavourable to; to rin betuixt, to go swiftly to a position between; to rin (abak) fra (from) (a person), to depart from, retreat from. lit. and fig.; to rin over, to move rapidly through with hostile intention; to overrun.(1) 1539–40 Treas. Acc. VII 293.
For brodering of ane comparisoun of his graces, with billis of silver rynnand aboute it
(2) 1375 Barb. ii 437.
That vre rynnys agane ws her
a1500 Sir Eger 1373.
And fra fortune against him rin [etc.]
(3) 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 85.
Thow … rann betuixt him and Alexander Fidleris dur, … [and] keist thi cantryps in his way
(4) 1513 Doug. i Prol. 166.
This Caxtoun … rynnys sa fer from Virgill in mony place
1549 Lamb Resonyng 155/26.
Ȝour pruif rynnis the fastar abak fra ȝow as dois the [stone] from Siphus
1567 G. Ball. 174.
O fulis, … Rinnand fra Christ
(5) c1651 Scotland and the Commonwealth 22.
The enemie … did take in the strongest holds, and rinne over the kingdome

II. With other adverb complements.For to rin about, areir, at and on see 51 below.

39. To rin away. a. To run, or gallop, away; to flee. b. To flow away, to escape.a. c1420 Wynt. iv 730.
Thare morel Bayard, … flyngand ran away
a1500 K. Hart 552.
Thay ran away out of his presence quyte
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 228. 1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 61.
Thay ryn heidlang to battell, and from battell ryn cowartly away
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 100.
The said Johne … slipis fra his horse to have rvne away, bot in the lychting, the said erle schot him with ane dag
1598 Edinb. Masons 4.
That na maister ressaue … ane vther maisteris … servand that salhappin to ryn away
1600–1 State P. (Reg. H.) (No. 108/10) 14.
He … ran away with the keyis
1637 Macritchie Gypsies 101.
[The prisoners are not] to ryn away or escaip frome thair said service
(b) 1640 Anal. Scot. I 387.
Gif occasioun to these which ar heir to mak a mootinie and run away
b. 1501 Laing MSS I 5.
Thai hafe eryt sa verray nere the said myln dam that the vater rynnys away throw the erd

40. To rin by. a. To flow past. b. To run past. c. Of time: To pass or go by. = By-rin v.a. c1420 Wynt. vi 799.
He was In the towne murthrysyd off Foras, And karyd out off that towne wes he … Till a wattyr by rynnand
1596 Dalr. I 38/23.
That pairt of Albion eistward is flowed neir and run by with the mane sey
b. 1540 Lynd. Sat. 658 (B).
Lat vs … spy Gife we persaif him rynnand by
c. 1563–4 Boyd Fam. P. No. 48 (15 Feb.).
For the space of ane yeir quhilk being ellis runin by at New Yeir Day last bipast

41. To rin doun. a. To flow (downhill or seawards). b. To fall down, as blood, liquid, also solids. c. To knock down or carry away (a person or thing) by means of weapons, force or movement.a. 14.. Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 246.
Wythin the erldome of Garwyath begynnande at the meir burn as it rynnys don to Goudy
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 60/9.
Undir this brench ran doun a revir bricht Of balmy liquour
Ib. (S.T.S.) lxxxviii 27.
Thy ryuer … Whose beryall stremys … Under thy lusty wallys renneth down
b. 1460 Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 3548.
Quhan I haue sene my blude ryn doun [etc.]
1536 Lynd. Answ. Flyting 56.
Quharthrow drink, draf, & iuggis Come rudely rinnand doun about ȝour luggis
1551 Hamilton Cat. 152.
Sa that his swet come rynnand doune upon the erde lyke droppis of blude
c. a1578 Pitsc. II 39/29.
The Scotis speiris war langer … , quhilk quhene they iunit witht the Inglischemen they had thame all run doune ore ever the Inglische speirs might tuiche thame
1655 Lamont Diary 91.
The bourns ran downe some shorne cornes in seuerall places; also the bowes of some bridges in Louthian

42. To rin furth (forth). a. To continue (in a way of life). b. Of a period of time or a lease: To expire; to come to an end. c. To carry or conduct (water) away.a. a1500 Henr. Fab. 539 (Bann.) (see 9 above).b. 1531 Fam. Rose 201.
Aye and quhill ane lewyn yeris be compleit and furth rwnnyn
1544–5 Treas. Acc. VIII 358.
Quhilk viij dayis is compleitlie roun furth
1561 Rec. Earld. Orkney 268.
To induir ay and quhill the said nyne yeris be compleitlie furtht runnin
?1613 W. Alexander Doomes-day iv 252 (G, H).
[The earth conceiv'd] … Shall stay from trauell till the time forth rin
c1575 Balfour Pract. 201.
Notwithstanding the samin [tack] be not run furth, he may warn the saidis tenentis [etc.]
1576–7 Orkney Oppress. 71.
Efter that his takkis was run furth
c. 1601 Edinb. B. Rec. V 290.
That … he haif speciall respect to his drops … that thai rin nocht furth upoun the hie streitt

43. To rin in, to enter, seek entry; to flow (into a sea); ? to go into (a byre or the like) ? to be milked. a1500 K. Hart 380.
Than New Desyr … Come rinnand in
1513 Doug. ii viii 54 (Sm.).
Before the porche in ran [C. inran] Hard to the entre … Pirrus
1596 Dalr. I 15/8.
The watir of Dune … rinning in into the sey
1650 Brechin Presb. 23.
After that shee [sc. a cow] still ran in untill harvest

44. To run of, to flee. ?c1675 J. Gordon Hist. II 274.
The Highlanders … did runne of, all in a confusione, … till they wer gott into a mosse

45. To run on, to continue in a certain course; to go on speaking. 1692 Misc. B. Rec. 66.
They runn on yeirly in debts betuixt 7 or 8000 lib.
1696 Donaldson Husbandry 122.
Soft friend, one question at once, you run on with a full carrier

46. To rin our (ouir, etc.). a. To overflow. c1420 Wynt. i 130.
Out of that welle cummys fludis foure Till moyst the erde quhar thai ryn oure
1513 Doug. xi viii 16.
Or quhil the fowceis of our forteres Rynnys not our of bludy spait, I ges
1551 Hamilton Cat. 105.
Ane gud mesure pressit doune et schakin togidder and rinnand ouir sal thai gif to yow

b. Of a term of a lease, or of a term's due: To continue without payment of dues. Cf. 37 b above. 1476 Acta Aud. 54/1.
And at ony terme ryn owir ane in ane vther vnpait
1584 Boyd Fam. P. No. 67 (12 Jan.).
Gif tua termis maillis rinnis our in the thrid vmpeyit
1593 Ayr Chart. 119.
In caice it salhappin the airis … to let thrie termes maill … rin over in the fourt terme unpayit … , the foirsaid claus … salbe suspendit

c. Of a session of parliament: To continue. 1546 Acts II 465/2.
That this present parliament ryn still our but ony particular continewatioun ay and quhill the samyn be dissoluit

d. To repeat, or read over, rapidly. 1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 1.
Declair it with sic schortnes, as we may rather seme to have lichtly ryn ouer the chief pointis
1573 Davidson Sat. P. xlii 536.
Quhen thay haue run ouir with ane reill Thair sairles sermone

e. Of time: To run out, to come to an end. = Ourrin v. 1. 1535 Stewart 25022.
Throw negligence lattand the tyme ouir ryn

47. To rin out. a. To flow (out); to come out easily or smoothly. b. Of a wound: To bleed. c. ? To become exhausted. (But perh. merely a further instance of a above.)a. a1400 Leg. S. ii 271.
Of his [sc. St. Paul's] hals firste milk out ran … And syne rede blud
Ib. iii 45.
Till his blud out in foysione rane
Ib. vii 218.
Blud & harnys owte can ryne
a1500 Colk. Sow i 180.
Rowch rumple out ran Weill mo than I tell can
b. 15.. Clar. iv 2169.
The wounde out ran with grite effusioun
c. 1638 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 545.
Remember that the sand in your night-glass will run out; time with wings will flee away

d. To come out or emerge swiftly. a1497, 15.. Gray MS vi 64.
Full oft is sene Thir emotis in ane hillok ay Rinnand oute befor thin ene

e. Of an agreement, a period of time, or a feeling: To come to an end; to expire. 1533 Bell. Livy II 131/10.
In this ȝere ran oute the trewis made afore betuix the Romanis and Veanis
1546 Reg. Cupar A. II 235.
Thair takkis wes rwn out at the said Witsunday
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 226.
Fra he fand the tyme ryn out He pat him off
1589 Burntisland B. Ct. 4 July.
I … obleis me … to … confes the said twelff ȝeiris … fullily expyrit and roune out … and sall … ourgiwe … the said … landis
1691 Lauder Jrnl. 307.
Till the speat and humour of the people ag[ain]st him wer spent and runne out

f. To extend outwards; to project, jut out. a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 1528 (Wr.).
While that this bend of craiges run out
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. iii 272.
Mons prominens in mari, running out in the sea

g. To go on, to describe exhaustively and at great length. 1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. 36.
I will not run out here, I am onely telland you quhat comes of the abuse

h. To exhaust (land). 1698 Donaldson Postscript Husbandry 37.
Working in the most industrious way that can be invented to run out the ground

i. To rin out with (a) pleuch (on other land), in ploughing, to overrun one's own rig when completing it, and to run the plough on to the adjoining land. 1610 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. II 73.
That eury man that rynnis out with his pleuche on the medowis schuill in the dichtingis and stanis [etc.]

48. To rin sam(m)yn or togidder. a. Of persons or animals: To rush or charge at each other. b. Of rocks: To crash against each other. c. To congregate; to consort with each other.a. c1420 Wynt. iv 1632.
As thai suld have sammyn bene Togyddyre runnyn on the grene [etc.]
1513 Doug. iv Prol. 69.
The meyk hartis … Mak fers bargane, and rammys togyddir ryn
b. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 914.
The rochis reirdit vith the rasch, quhen thai samyne rane
c. 1572 Sat. P. xxxi 50.
[Murderers] and the Papists rynis togidder: Thay ar ane blyssit pak
a1651 Calderwood V 681.
Great multitudes of paddockes ranne together, making an uncouth and hideous noise

d. Of a period of time: To be continuous, without a break. e. Of thread: To entangle. f. To extend to form a unit; to become continuous.d. 1590 Rec. Earld. Orkney 317.
Occupeyit be … tennant thairof be the space of ten yeris contynallie rining togither
e. 1584 Calderwood IV 42.
Like … an unorderlie thread runne all together in knotts and knars
f. 1645–6 J. Hope Diary (1958) 150.
Ther had been none workeing ther of a long tyme, and all the holles wer runne togither

49. To rin throw (thorow). a. To flow across or through. b. To pierce (with a pointed weapon). c. To escape by making one's way through (a net). d. To read over rapidly.a. 1456 Hay II 139/14.
The wateris that cummys betuix landis rynnand, takis the nature of the landis that it rynnis throu in sum perty
b. ?1438 Alex. i 1104.
He ran throw the corps in the entrailȝe
a1538 Abell 43b.
With his speir he ran him throw and straik him to the erd
1650 Nicoll Diary 2.
His tong [was] rin throw with ane het … boitkin
c. a1568 Sempill Sat. P. xlvii 71.
Ȝe latt rukis and ravynis rin throw the nett
d. 1611-57 Mure True Crucifixe To the reader.
Some few moments shall serue thee to runne thorow the margents

50. To rin up. a. Of a spear: To penetrate. b. ? To set up (a glove) as a target. See Gluve n. 1 b. c. To accumulate, mount up. d. ? To set up, to serve as a framework for.a. c1420 Wynt. viii 4897.
He wes … In till the mowth strykyn wyth a spere Qwhill it wp in the harnys ran
b. 1583 Sempill Warning xviii 8.
Thair vill be mair ado or that be done Nor ryne the glowff vp in the alby clos
c. 16.. Sel. Biog. II 129.
A … long account of sins that had run up upon me
d. 1600 Haddington Corr. 208.
Calling for jeistis to run vp the durris

51. In other contexts with adverbs.To rin about, to move to and fro; to rin areir, to retrogress; to decline; to fall short; to rin at, ? to race for (as a prize). (Cf. 34 c above); to rin betuene, to intervene; to rin … doune, to flow down and away; to rin on, to continue to go, or run, forward, to continue.(1) 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 94.
Margret tuik ane extreme trimbling … supposing that the haill hows hed bein rynnand about with hir
(2) 1530 Lynd. Test. Pap. 567.
The court of Rome that tyme rane all aureir
1622-6 Bisset I 18/19.
Reject me nocht althought I rin arreir Be rymeing rudlie
(3) 1625–6 Peebles B. Rec. I 414.
For sax threwch pepper to the skoolleris to rine at
(4) 1562 Prestwick B. Rec. 66.
The sad Jhone Ondirwod mad fath at [he] gayf the copy one morne, quhilk was xv days & ane day rynand betuene
(5) a1500 Seven S. 761.
He … fillit the twn with watter … Bot neuer a drope … Wald ryn at all thai holis dovne
(6) a1500 K. Hart 585.
Ressoun ran on quhair at Discretioun lay In to ane nuke
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 520.
He … bowtit fordwart, with ane bend, And ran on to the rinkis end

52. With adverbial phrase, or compound or conjunct adverb, as complement.To rin to and fra, to flow back and forward or here and there; to rin round about, to be in attendance on (a person); to move around in an irregular manner; to rin on heid, to proceed without reflection; to rin on ground, to sail on to the shore, to run aground.(1) c1420 Wynt. i 1219.
But it [sc. the Danube] is rynnand to and fra Deviddit in partys fyff and twa
(2) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 155/162.
The sowtar … had full mony lowsy harlott, Round rynnand him aboute
1540 Lynd. Sat. 824.
Me think the warld rynnis round abowt
(3) 1560 Rolland Seven S. 10528.
I count a man na better nor ane beist That rynnis on heid and lukis to na ressoun
(4) 1641 Hibbert P. No. 12.
If his schip had run on ground and had not brokin in peices [etc.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Rin v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Apr 2024 <>



Hide Advanced Search

Browse DOST: