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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. IX).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Stern(e, Starn(e, Ster, Star, n. Also: sterr, star(r)(e, starin. Pl. also sterne. [Chiefly early and north. ME and e.m.E. steorrne, sterrne (both Orm), stern (Cursor M.), sterne (Manning), starne (c1460), ON stjarna; ME and e.m.E. storre, ster(re (both c1200), steorre (Layamon), ster (1538), star(re (1581), OE steorra, MDu. sterre, starre. Cf. Aster n.]

I. 1. Any one of the celestial bodies, other than the moon, visible in the night sky; rarely, specifically excluding the planets. Also proverb.(a) c1475 Wall. v 1004.
Off mwne nor stern gret perans was thar nayne
1490 Irland Mir. II 9/17.
He falȝeis nocht nouthir in … sterne sone or mone in … foule fisch [etc.] … bot in all thing kepis His eternall and wys ordinance
1528 Lynd. Dreme 632.
The smallest sterne fixit in the firmament, In deid it is of greter quantytie Than all the eirth
1533 Gau 67/8.
Siclik as ane sterne is farer na ane oder in brichtnes
pl. a1400 Leg. S. xxviii 315.
Crist … with mony sternis sere Payntyt the lyft
c1420 Wynt. vi 77.
Sternys in the ayre fleand Wes sene, as flawys off fyre brynnand
a1500 Henr. Fab. 629 (Bann.).
Out of the wod vnto ane hill he went Quhare he mycht se the twynkling sternis clere And all the planetis of the firmament
a1500 Henr. Orph. 190 (Ch. & M.).
Saturn … Quhilk fader is of all thir sternis cald
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 159/2.
The hevin being all full of sternis bricht To bed I went
c1520-c1535 Nisbet St. Jude 13.
Errand sternis to quhilkis the tempest of mirknessis is kepit without end
1531 Bell. Boece I 52.
Yit utheris … belevit … that the son, mone and otheris the sternis and lanternis of the hevin war verray goddis
1587-99 Hume 18/26.
Their was na light of day as yet … The moone yet in the firmament, nor sternis did nocht appeare
coll. 1535 Stewart 6702.
Gone wes the day … Thai loist all lycht bot lycht than of the sterne
(b) 1513 Doug. ii xi 27.
A fayr brycht starn … with bemys cleir
1513 Doug. iii viii 19.
Of euery starn the twynklyng notis he
1513 Doug. iii viii 153.
Nowthir lycht of planetis mycht we knaw … nor in the ayr a starn
15.. Clar. v 2076.
Whill … everie blythfull starne celestiall As roobie twinklit in the firmament
pl. a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 170.
Juppiter … God of the starnis in the firmament
c1500 Interl. Droich 38.
He wald vpoun his tais vp stand, And tak the starnis doun with his hand
1513 Doug. iii iii 106.
We went Thre days … throu the mysty streym, And als mony nychtis but starnys leym
1513 Doug. iv ix 34.
This woman hechtis with hir enchantmentis From luffis bandis to lows al thar ententis … The rynnand fludis thar watir stop kan scho mak And eik the starnys turn thar cours abak
1513 Doug. iv x 5.
Woddis and rageand seys war at rest As the starnys thar myd cours rollys doun
1513 Doug. v ii 2.
The son vprysand, chasyt the starnys away
1513 Doug. vi vii 70.
By al the starnys schynys abone our hed, And be the goddis abone, to thé I swer
1513 Doug. vi xii 5.
The lyghtnyt monys lamp that lemys hie; The hevynnys starnys, and bryght sonnys ball
1513 Doug. x iii 100.
The starnys cleir, Quhilk in the styl hevyn schynys on the nycht
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. in Cath. Tr. (STS) 92/6.
All thay that makis moltin images ar mad, … reaching thair handis to the firmament to pull doun the starnes from the heauins
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 212 (L).
My … eyes grew dim For stairing on the starnis, Quha flew sa thik befoir my eyne, Sum reid, sum ȝallow, sum blew, sum grene That trublit all my harnis
c1590 Fowler I 217/1.
Quho to the heavens gaue starns and wynds to aire Grene herbs to earthe [etc.]
proverb. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1331.
Seaven starnes in the lift schawis mair licht nor ane
(c) pl. 1528 Lynd. Dreme 423.
Lanterne of the heuin And glader of the sterris
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 165.
The Pole artick, wrsis and sterris all
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5340.
The mone and sterris hes no lycht, Bot the reflex of Phebus brycht
(d) 1513 Doug. iii vi 13.
Claryus … That vnderstandis the cowrs of every star … flyng
1535 Stewart 16920.
All other houndis he did exceid als far As into licht the mone dois neir ilk star
pl. 1570 Sat. P. xv 62.
Ȝe sone and mone and planetis seuin Ȝe glystring starris bricht
a1585 Maitl. Q. xlix 160/3.
The starris licht
1600-1610 Melvill 525.
A … conspicuous ecclipse of the soun began … the haill face of the sonne semit to be coverit and darknet … The starris appeirit in the firmament

b. A particular star, as, for example the sternis sewine, the day ster, the north starne, etc. See also Daystern(e n., Evin-starn n. Also fig. a1400 Leg. S. l 116.
Of the enhourmentis all of hewyn Thou suld merwale, & sternys sewine
1490 Irland Mir. III 132/10.
Quod fulget sicut Hesperus vel Lucifer he [sc. Aristotle] sayis as the day sterne schinis in the firmament sa iustice gevis licht in the pepil and polecy
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 1 (M).
Richt as the sterne of day begouth to schyne
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) x 3.
Hevins distill ȝour balmy schouris, For now is rissin the bricht day ster
1513 Doug. iii ii 149.
And forthir eik Syryvs, the frawart star, … So brynt the feildis
1513 Doug. viii Prol. 151.
The son, the sevyn starnys, and the Charl Wayn
1549 Compl. 48/30.
Ȝe sal ymagyn ane lyne [etc.] … ȝe sal ymagyne tua sternis, quhilk ar callit the tua polis of the firmament
15.. Clar. ii 1315.
As the day star … Surmuntis everie star situat In the illuminus hevinis stellat Scho is the lodstar
15.. Clar. ii 1397.
The morrow star For bewtie that clippit is Lucifer
a1568 Bann. MS 238b/9.
Brycht sterne at morrow that dois the nycht hyn chase
1588 King Cat. Sig. i. vii.
The hicht of the aequinoctial lyne, quhilk being takin away from 90 restis 57 the hicht of the north starne abowe the horizon
a1595 Cullen Chron. Aberd. 47.
On Wedinsday … was sene at ewin ane blaissin starin, quhilk stuid in the wast, and continywat that nycht, to the gryt admeratioune of the pepill
1596 Dalr. II 90/4.
The Pleiades called the 7 starnis
1581-1623 James VI Poems I 21/50.
Heir shynes the charlewain there the harp giues light, And heir the seamans starres, and there twinnis bright
1688 Sinclair Doctrine Sphere 29.
I observed with a large quadrant, half 9 a clock at night, the foremost guard-star, when it was in the meridian
fig. c1520-c1535 Nisbet 2 Peter i 19.
Till the day begynn to geue licht and the day sterne spring in your hartis

c. With reference to a comet or shooting star. Also attrib. c1420 Wynt. v 3119.
The comete, … is a starne wyth blesys schyre
c1420 Wynt. ix 2204.
The comete apperit that yere, A faire brycht stern and a clere
1513 Doug. x v 141.
Lyke as the comete stern sanguynolent With hys red cullour … Schynys sum tyme apon the donk nycht
1549 Compl. 58/11.
Ther is ane sterne that aperis nocht oft in our hemispere, callit ane comeit
1587-99 Hume 20/121.
Why whylome in the firmament, strange tailed sterns appeiris
1596 Dalr. II 122/24.
A certan starne feirful in forme, nocht vnlyk a comete
1652 Lamont Diary 50.
A comet or blazing stare
attrib. 1513 Doug. v ix 69.
This schaft fleand in the moyst ayr Brynt in a bles … And al consumyt vanyst in the sky As doys oft starnschoit fallyng fra the hevyn Drawand thar eftyr a taill of fyry levin

d. specif. The head of a comet. 1600-1610 Melvill 58.
This yeir … appeired a terrible comet, the stern wharof was verie grait, and proceiding from it toward the est a lang teall, in appeirance, of an eall and a halff, lyk unto a bissom or scurge maid of wands, all fyrie

e. The stars or a star as an aid to navigation. Also fig. 1513 Doug. v i 45.
Not far hens as that I beleif sans faill The frendfull brothirly costis of Erycys And sovir portis of Sycill beyn, I wys, Gif I remember the methys of starnys weill
1513 Doug. v xiv 50.
Sik wordis he said, grippand the helmstok fast, … haldand his eyn ful evin Ay to behald the starnys in the hevyn
c1650 Calderwood VIII xx.
For ‘tis dang’rous saileing without moone or sterr
fig. 1621 Ancram & Loth. Corr. I 22.
I will nocht be subject to greate discontentement, and be this starne, I intend to hald out the reste off my voyage or nauigatioun

2. a. Amang the sternis, elevated to immortality in pagan belief, as a star. b. Abuif the (court of) sternis, in heaven.a. a1400 Leg. S. xxxi 252.
That goddis had hir tane & ymang the sterris with hir gane
a1585 Maitl. Q. 162/52.
Gif that thay deseruit place Amang the starris for loyaltie
b. a1570-86 Dunb. in Maitl. F. 339/66.
We pray to all the sanctis in hewin That ar abuif the sternis sewin
a1568 Bann. MS 27a/10.
Abone the radius hevin etheriall The court of sterris the cours of sone and mone The potent Prince … Is cummyn fra his mychtie faderis trone [etc.]

3. a. The stars (or planets) seen as having an influence on human affairs. b. specif. As or involved in a sign or portent of some sort indicating something unusual. c. The star of Bethlehem.There is some overlap between a and b.a. 1375 Barb. iv 675.
How ony man throu steris may Knaw the thingis that ar to cum
1375 Barb. iv 711.
[He] Studeit swa in astrology That on the sternis his hed he brak
1456 Hay I 76/20.
All the vertew that the erdly thingis takis thai tak fra the hevin, and fra the said disposicioun of the sternis and the planetis
1456 Hay II 113/33.
And this party [sc. of astronomy] is callit astrology that is the science of the signes and takenis of the firmament … And this is the maist worthy part of all astronomy … And this is first the science of … planetis, sternis and signes
1456 Hay II 150/20.
For the body of the persone that is borne folowis the nature of the body of the sternis and planetis that concurris in his nativitee
1460 Hay Alex. 320.
Is ȝone thine ending stern that I se now
1460 Hay Alex. 10166.
Ane large forehede [etc.] … With vther properteis endlang the face … Thir ar the takynnis of wisdome … The ene of quhilk the sterne drawis to the blew That maist is liknynit to the hevinlie hew
a1500 Seven S. 171.
He sawe ane litill sterne besyde Quhar throwe be science he aspyd And he mycht dvm sevyn dayis be [etc.]
1494 Loutfut MS 37a.
Sternes signifies hienes and be thaim is kend and persauit the apparaticonnis of thingis to cum
1513 Doug. ii iii 18 (Ruddim.).
Unto the sternis heuit vp his handis, O ȝe (quod he) euerlasting lampes bright
1531 Bell. Boece I xi.
No influence nor sterris may prevaill To regne on me with infortunite
1549 Compl. 46/12.
Throucht the lang studie and contemplene of the sternis, ve can gyf ane iugement of diuerse futur accedentis
1549 Compl. 56/35.
Quhen ther multipleis ane grit numir of sternis in the equinoctial of Libra … at that tyme ther occurris grit tempestis
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 694.
Quhen God … gave, be diuyne sapience, Tyll every ster thare influence
1560 Rolland Seven S. 773.
Anone thay spy into the firmament Ane stormie sterne that troublit thair intent
1568 Skeyne Descr. Pest 5.
As quhan the maist nocent sterres to mankynd conuenis
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 143/7.
Thir uaine astrologiens that studdies nicht & daye on the course of the starres
b. a1400 Leg. S. vii 271.
A sterne brycht & clere A-beoufe the citte can appere Of a fyery swerd in the lyknes [etc.]
1456 Hay I 17/15, 17, 20/6.
Thare fell a grete stern out of the hevin … the stern was callit … the bitter stern … And … as to the sterne that fell … that was that the fals ypocrite the patriark of Constantynoble
c1460 Wisd. Sol. (STS) 496.
The sone, the mone, and the sternis sal al twrne agan, quhen the dreidful day sal cum, and thane sal al thinge apere
1513 Doug. ix i 46.
I se the hevynnys oppynnyt and devyde And movand sternys in the lyftis syde; So gret takynnys and reuelacions schaw
a1515 BM Royal MS 17 DXX 307b.
That ilk ȝere was sene ane mervalouse stern in the firmament … and sum jugis that the stern seyne aperit for caus of the drownyn of that schip
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Rev. viii 10, 12. 1533 Boece 310.
The lift twa dayis contynualy schynit of sternys
1533 Boece 385.
Ane sterne of huge quantite … with lang fyrie bemys was sene
c1500-50 Brevis Cronica 329.
Nouthir sunn, moone, nor sterne war seyne … quhill his body was tane up and bureyit in Ycolme-kill
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5330.
Afore that day be done … Sterris … Sall fall furth of the firmament
c. a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi 987.
For his sterne we Has sene in the est al thre
a1400 Leg. S. l 443.
Of the sterne That Crist betakynt … syne the wysmen of Calde … Folouyt it … Till that to Bethleeme cumine war thai
1490 Irland Mir. I 141/9.
The sterne conwoyit the thre kingis of the orient to this blist child
1531 Bell. Boece I 85.
Quhen the thre kingis, gidit be the sterne, come to the place quhare our Salviour wes borne
a1568 Bann. MS 28a/26.
His cummyng knew all element The air be sterne did him persaife
a1603 Anc. Prophecies 7.
A libberd engendered of natiue kinde, With the sterne of Bethelem shal rise in the south

II. In allusive or fig. use.

4. a. With reference to their uncountability. 1490 Irland Mir. I 98/11.
As the sternis of the hevin and sand of the seye are vnumerabile
a1568 Bann. MS 70b/30.
Gif that thy synnis war ane thowsand tymis moir As gers on grund or sternis in the sky
a1568 Bann. MS 223b/4.
Ma commendationis … Than thair is dropis of wattir in se Sternis in the hevene flouris in the meid
a1585 Maitl. Q. 106/80.
So monye starris ar nocht in nichtis sein … As I thocht of dolouris
1596 Dalr. I 257/21.
In a maner compare to the starnis in number

b. As part of expressions indicating remoteness or very great distance. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 110/52.
Throw Scotland, Ingland, France [etc.] … Fleys on weyng thi fame … And our all strandis fro the sterris doune
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 1.
Ane thing thair is compild In generale be Kennedy and Quinting, Quhilk hes thame self aboif the sternis styld
1513 Doug. ii viii 86.
The holl howsis ȝowlit and resowndit For womentyng of … wemen The clamour vpstrak to the starnys
1513 Doug. iv v 8.
Fame is myscheif quham na harm … is mair swyft … Lytil … the fyrst tyme semys sche Sone eftir rysys to the starnys on hie
1513 Doug. iv vi 82.
My … fame, lavd, and renownye, Quharby I wes rasyt to the starnys hie
1513 Doug. vi xiii 87.
The landis lyis without the starnys blenk, Outwith the ȝheris cours, and sonnys renk
1513 Doug. vii iv 182.
Our name abufe the sternys sal vphie
1513 Doug. xi iii 83.
Down weltit ar with mony granand strakis The fyrris reikand to the sternis on hie
c1650 P. Gordon Brit. Dist. 85.
Which, if it ware not preuented, might pull them doune from the starne

c. With reference to the brightness of things. 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 430.
The bodie of the cairt … With crisolitis and mony precious stone Was all ouirfret … Like sternis in the firmament quhilks schone
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 36 (M).
The bruk wes full of bremes The staneris cleir as sterne in frostie nicht
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 52.
A saill … Wyth merse of gold, brycht as the stern of day
1535 Stewart 9776.
With basnet brycht quhilk bemit lyke ane sterne
1535 Stewart 32084.
Fischis skynnis … hes licht … Withoutin low, als bricht as ony sterne
1537 Lynd. Depl. Magd. 147.
Hir rayment … Of gold and perle and precious stonis brycht Twynkling lyke sterris in ane frostie nycht
15.. Clar. iv 292.
Ane rich pectrell as onie star that schone

d. Describing fire. 1375 Barb. iv 127.
For fyre all cleir Soyn throu the thik burd can appeir, Ferst as a stern, syne as a moyne, And wele bradar thar-efter soyn. The fyre out syne in blasis brast
1513 Doug. iii viii 134.
Vpspring the blesis … Quhilk semyt forto lik the starnys hie

e. In a comparative relationship with the sun and moon. c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5338.
Clerkis … hes the sonne and mone comparit, The sonne to the stait spirituall, The mone, to princis temporall, Rychtso the sterris thay do compare To the lawd common populare
a1568 Bann. in Bann. MS 230b/5.
As Phebus … Passis the licht that cleipit is Dyane … And Lucifair all vther sternis small My lady so in bewty dois abound Aboif all vthir ladeis
a1585 Maitl. Q. 114/53.
Ȝe ar lyik Phœbus in his spheir Amid the starnis small

f. As a metaphor for something divine. 1604-31 Craig ii 48.
My sighes are ayre … My steadfast fayth, the solid earth and syne, My hope my heauen, my thoughts are stars diuine

5. In descriptions of persons. a. As a source of illumination, goodness, spirituality or beauty. b. Applied to a woman, esp. the Virgin Mary. c. Applied to Christ.a. a1400 Leg. S. xl 167.
Sancte Martyne the haly man, That as a starne clerly schane In gud dedis
1456 Hay I 25/11.
Cristyn folk ar callit sternis schynand in the kirk of the faith
1456 Hay I 27/21.
Rycht sa ar the prelatis … likenyt to the sternis … to geve lycht to the small peple
1513 Doug. ix vii 78.
O Latonya, goddess of mekill myght Mastres of woddis, bewte of sternys brycht
1596 Dalr. I 218/7.
About this tyme the twa bischopes, Germane and Lupe, illuminat with al vertues, as with starnes, cam in Britannie
1606 Rollock's Thess. 34.
The faithfull ministers of Christ … shall shine as starres
b. (1) c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 99.
Hye quene of lufe! sterre of beneuolence! Pitouse princes, and planet merciable!
c1550 Lynd. Test. Meldrum 230.
Sterne of Stratherne, my ladie souerane
15.. Dunb. App. x 9.
Fair lufsum lady … Brycht sterne at morrow that dois the nycht hyn chase
c1590 Fowler I 234/10.
Loue hes lost the starne off his impyre
(2) ?a1500 Obsecro 13.
Mary … lanterne of blis, Sterne of the sey
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 4/1.
Hale, sterne superne
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 6/53.
Memore of sore, stern in Aurore, Lovit with angellis stevyne
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 6/70.
Haile, sterne meridiane
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) lxxxvi 9.
O sterne that blyndis Phebus bemys bricht
a1550 Ave Gloriosa 42.
Haill, brichtest sterne, Haill, licht lucern
Arundel MS 298/1.
Haill, quene of hevin & sterne of blis
c. a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 208.
Bot will thow leir, thou mone behald the sterne That schane sa lang in clud of his manheid
15.. Dunb. App. viii 2.
Jesus the sterne of most bewte
15.. Dunb. App. xi 27.
The Sterne of glory is rissyn
1567 G. Ball. 145.
He is the Morning Star
a1568 Bann. MS 30b/23.
Discendit is the prince of he empery With schynyng face to chace away our nycht … Our blisfull day is clerit in the est The sterne of joy hes lent of him a sicht
1611-57 Mure Dido & Æneas i 776.
All-vertuouse princes! Africk's gloriows starre!

d. With reference to a person's eyes. 1535 Stewart 211.
Ene … Quhilk lyke tua sterris schone untill his heid
c1590 Fowler I 191/10.
Your browe, your hair … Tua starns, a mouthe with perle and rubyeis dekt
c1590 Fowler I 217/9.
Bright haire that sunne and eyes that starnes dothe schame
c1590 Fowler I 226/13.
I do feare the starnes of her ees
1611-57 Mure Early Misc. P. viii 27.
Thoise eyes quhich did insnair, (Those schyning stares)

e. In the name of a place. 1483 Acta Aud. 120*/2.
iiij s. to be pait ȝerly to the place of the sterne of Bethlehem
1489 Acta Conc. I 118/2.
iiij s. of annuale to be pait to the master of the sterne of Bethlem

III. A representation of a star.

6. a. In a coat of arms. c1420 Wynt. viii 1456.
In thare armeys bath thai [sc. Murray and Douglas] bere The sternys set in lyk manere
c1450-2 Howlat 410 (A).
Quhilk bure in till asure … Siluer sternis
c1450-2 Howlat 555 (A).
Archebald … bure the sternis of estait in his stele weidis
1494 Loutfut MS 13a.
Betwen twa pompes thair is litil rayes and sum callis thaim sternes
a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 152.
A monument of his awin armes was on the uther, extant in the myds of the croce, a starne
a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 152.
The monument of his armes upoun the … port of the castell, … the starne and the hart

b. A picture of a star. a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 18 (Asl.).
This first leif confusit in figoure Quhar that the warld is set in the salt se … And as apperis in to this first figur The sone the mone & sternis to our sicht Ar neir all closit in till a clud obscure

7. a. A star-shaped decoration; the conventional shape of a star applied to or cut out from or incised in a surface. Also attrib. with buttoun, also Star Chamber. b. In a description of a substance occurring in a star-shaped piece or entity.a. 1503 Treas. Acc. II 290.
Ane gret caip of the mortstand with sternys of gold on it and offrez of gold
1508 Treas. Acc. IV 111.
To Robert, cultellar, for ij punschionis to strik out sternis abone the altar
1540–1 Treas. Acc. VII 435.
For mending of ane caip of blew dammes witht sternis of gold
1561 Inv. Q. Mary 40.
Ane claith … droppit with sternis of gold
1569 Inv. Q. Mary 185.
Ane coit of blew satyn with starnis of toig
1589 Balcarres P. MS V 197.
Ane ring with ane deamont in ane starne
a1649 Drummond II 114/43.
A blew mantle seeded with starres
attrib. 1635 Galloway P. 11 Aug.
5 dussone starne buttouns … 16 s. 8 d.
1635 Galloway P. 11 Aug.
A dussone starne knap buttouns 13 s. 4 d.
c1650 Spalding I 356.
For taking away the star chalmer [marg. Starr chalmer] and heighe commissioun courtis
c1650 Spalding II 90.b. 15… M. Napier Mem. J. Napier 234 n.
Showing them first the natural gold, which he called the temptable gold, or alluring gold. It was in sternes, and some like unto bird's eyes and eggs
1618 Trial Isobel Inch 9.
She answerit … that hir kow gaiv not hir milk in the accustomed maner … she declarit hir milk was in the over scruiff thairof starny lyk unto starnis of meltit buttir

c. ? Some sort of insignia. 1650 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 595.
The traitor, James Grhame, fled, bot was afterwards takin by the Laird of Assins people; his horsse was takin; his coate, with the stare and suord belt, wer found in the feild

8. Appar. a fixture for holding a number of lights; ? a wheel-shaped device with a number of small lights around the rim. c1500 Misc. Maitl. C. III 205.
Three stirrapis for the lampys. Item thre great sternis of brace for the kyrk. Item a lantarn of glas for the clostyr
1496–7 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II 169.
Item vij sternys enee de dono Willelmi episcopi moderni. Item vnum candelabrum [etc.]
a1500 Coll. St. Salvator 162.
Thre gret sternis of brace for the kyrk
1522 Perth Hammermen 21.
For the oylne that fand the starne in winter
c1559 St. Salvator's College, Castle Inventory in Innes Rev. XVI 129.
My sex chandelaris of brass, the starne of brass with vii or viii crouetis
1622 Breadalbane Doc. No. 428.
Ane bred ploder, trounschour, ane stern, ane plait for aiggis

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"Stern n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Mar 2024 <>



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