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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2000 (DOST Vol. VIII).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

S(c)haw, S(c)hew, S(c)how, v. Also: s(c)hawe, s(c)hau(e, sha; saw; (schaiff); schewe, s(c)heu; s(c)ew; see; s(c)howe, schou(e; s(c)ho; shw; sow. P.t. s(c)hew(e, s(c)heu(e, schieu; schawit, -yt, -yd(e, schauit; schaw; s(c)hewit, -ed, scheuit; shuid, shwed, shod; (schow). P.p. s(c)hawin(e, -yn(e, -ing, -en(e, s(c)hauin(e, -ing, -en, -ein; s(c)hawn(e, shaune; sawin; schawit, -yt, schauit, -yt, schawed, shaued; schaw; s(c)hewin(e, -yne, -ing, -en; s(c)heuin(e, -yn; s(c)hewn(e, sheune; schewit, -id, shewed; schowin, showen(e, shouin; s(c)hown(e, shoune; schouit, schowd, (schow). [North. ME scau (Cursor M.), ME and e.m.E. also shæwenn (Orm), scheauen (Ancr. R.), schowen (c1275), ssow (a1300), sewen (a1325), sseawen (1340), schawin (a1450), shoo (1556), shoe (1565); p.t. scawede (c1205), schawde (a1225), scaud (Cursor M.); shew (1546), also scheawede (Ancr. R.), s(c)heud (Cursor M.); p.p. ischawet (a1225), ysawed (c1430); scaun (Cursor M.); schewed (a1400), shewed (1611); schewn (1651), shewen (1653); showen (1625), shown (1662); OE scéawian.]

I. 1. tr. To look at, gaze upon. Only in alliterative verse.(a) a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 525.
A gome gais to ane garet, glisnand to schaw
Ib. 1273.
With his riche rout, Sexty schalkis that schene, seymly to schaw
(b) a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 964.
Birny and breist plait, bright for to schew

II. To allow, or cause, to be seen.

2. a. To hold (up, etc.), put forward, expose, reveal or display (something) to a person or persons specified so that they may see it; to make visible by removing an obstacle. Also const. indirect object.Also, to schaw out.(1) a1400 Leg. S. ii 291.
Of hir bosum can scho ta The bludy clath, and schew to hym
Ib. xvii 66.
Scho … the croyce s[ch]awyt hyme
Ib. i 445. c1420 Wynt. v 2861.
Syne schawyd he to the empriowre Off Saynct Petyr the fygure
1460 Hay Alex. 1074.
Sic ane tribut resa[u]it ȝe neuir … Ane hundreth thousand scheildis he sall ȝow schaw
a1500 Sir Eger 2055.
He shew to me Beads of gold
1533 Gau 61/25.
He schew to thayme His handis and His sid
a1538 Abell 12b.
Thare wiffis met thame schawand to thame thare hind partis
1540 Lynd. Sat. 906 (B).
Schaw me the luffe, schir, of ȝour hand
1546 Reg. Privy C. I 47.
The said Schir Neill sall schaw hir all the money [etc.]
1567 G. Ball. 194.
Ȝe schaw vs the heid of Sanct Johne, With the arm of Sanct Geill
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 335/25.
Bayth gold and siluer I him schew
1572-5 Diurn. Occur. 338.
He shew him the hand writtis of vmquhile the erle of Ergyle [etc.]
1612 Orkney & Shetl. Ct. Bk. (ed.) 23.
That all pedderis [etc.] … sall … schaw him the hydis, skin or woll with the mark thairof and fra quhome he coft the same
(2) c1420 Wynt. iv 988.
Hillys hey … wyth the waleis evyn thaim made To schawe his ost quhare that thai raide
(3) 1596 Dalr. II 297/18.
He sendis messingeris … with the fyre crose in thair handes, sulde shaw it out to al man … of age xvi ȝeiris

b. Of a mirror. a1500 Seven S. 1669.
The myd ymage … The myrour schewe thaim opinly

c. To submit (a manufactured article) for inspection. 1576 Inverness Rec. I 250.
[The visitor] allegit I had mair wark maid nor I schewe him … [The] visitour of the cordinar craft to haif done wrang in saying to James Tomson grewouslie he suld cause him schawe his wark

3. To exhibit, put on display; to allow (a thing, feelings, etc.) to be seen by all and sundry. Also with furth. Also transf.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xviii 566.
Quhene that the relyk suld schauyt be
c1420 Wynt. vi 62.
Syn thai schawyd the fygowre Off Halowys, that war ay plesand To God
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 483.
Seuyne score of scheildis thai schew at ane sicht
1492 Myll Spect. 275/14. c1515 Asl. MS I 241/16.
And schewe all thair seles at the cors on ane letter with thair handis subscriuit
1513 Doug. x xi 118.
He … ay the glymmyrand brand baith schuke and schew
1516 Dumfries B. Ct. 7b.
A curschaw of hyrris … of the quhilkis schew schow the marow in plane curt
1531 Bell. Boece I 110.
First wer schawin his hors, harnes, barding, and riche spulyeis
1564 Prot. Bk. Thomas Johnsoun 142.
[The said Patrick] shew certane cloutis and naipkynnis and laid the money furth upoun ane burd
a1568 Mersar Bann. MS 269a/14.
Ȝit will he [sc. a lover] sich and schaw grit schourïs As he wald sterfe
1598 Misc. Spald. C. I 121.
A mark in the third fynger of thy richt hand, quhilk thow hes yit to schaw
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxxv 57.
If Natur sheu Hir hevinly heu In vhyt and bleu [etc.]
(b) a1500 Lanc. 106.
Long ore he be fonde, Holl of his leich, that schewith not his vound
a1500 Sir Eger 2119.
He … took his helm in his right hand Then he shewed it into the hall
1537 Crim. Trials I i 203.
Seand … the said Rogeris tholme schewin before thame
(2) 1461 Liber Plusc. 386.
Cryst scheu, quhen He rasyt Lazarus, He grat oure hym for He kneu weil the payn He suld haue in this lyffyng
(3) 1513 Doug. v vii 24.
Darhes, … Reddy for batale, schew furth … Hys schulderis braid
1596 Dalr. I 7/30.
Nathir schawes furth Britannie all that it hes at the first face, nor lattis all sie at the first sichte
transf. c1568 Lauder Minor P. iii 113.
Lat ws heirfore schew furth … Our godlie werks of mercy and of loue

b. To display (wares or goods), as for sale. Cf. Schawar(e n. 1. c1460 Wisd. Sol. (STS) 500.
Thane sal the starkest that was before schawaris sall be gryndaris of grauell, thate wont wes to schaw gud metis sal be in cauernys and mernes
1483 Edinb. Hammermen's Seal of Cause.
Thair sall be na … werk … schauin in handis for to sell … bot alanerly on the market day
15.. Clar. iii 976.
Scho … schew hir workis craftie of faschoun

c. To display (an ensign, banner, etc.). To schaw up, to raise so that it can be seen from a distance.(a) c1450-2 Howlat 377 (A).
Quhilk sall be lord & ledare … And the signe schawe As sanct Margaretis aire
Ib. 404.
Schapyn to schawe mony schene scheld
c1475 Wall. x 139.
Quhar off suld thow thi senȝe schaw so he?
a1500 Colk. Sow i 280.
Borne wes his banair Vpoun a schule for to schaw
1596 Dalr. II 108/13.
The kings bluddie sark vp tha schawe for thair ansinȝie
(b) a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 474.
Ilka souerane his ensenye shewin has thair

d. To make (something) visible by reflecting its image. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 479.
The sone, as cristall sa cleyne, In scheildis thai schaw

e. To represent (a situation) by drawing it. c1590 J. Stewart 86/220.
Thair nams … Heir drawne vas ofter than in onie place. Vith cake [= chalk], vith coll, and pensile scharp alway, … vas schawne thair happie cace

f. Fortoun schawis hyr quhell, circumstances seem favourable, ? there is chance of quick success or rapid advancement. c1475 Wall. viii 23.
That bachiller trowis, for fortoun schawis hyr quhell, Thar with to lest

g. With noun complement: To represent (a character in a pageant) in the rôle specified. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 136/28.
Thow gart the orient kingis thrie Offer to Chryst … Gold, sence and mir … Schawand him king with most magnificence

4. To produce (a document) for inspection (before an appropriate authority or in (into) a court, etc.); to submit (documentary evidence) to such authority.(1) pres. 1391 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 380.
The bischap … askis that he be distreignyt to schawe his charter for the suthfastnes to be knawin
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2278.
Haue ȝe witnes or writ for to schau?
c1475 Wall. vii 163. 1513 Doug. xi vi 29.
The ambassat … He bad do schaw the credens that thai brocht
1520 Fife Sheriff Ct. 181.
To schau ony just title … quhy thai occupeit thai saidis landis
1520–1 Stirling B. Rec. I 8.
[They] requirit the said Johen Bully to schaw ane attenttice document of the gift
1524 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 390.
To schaw his haldyng
1532–3 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 90.
Requirit the said Jhone to schaw his rycht … to the … landis of … Cragluscur
1533 Wigtown B. Ct. fol. 272a.
To schaw his hewedens
a1538 Abell 98a.
The landit men … to schaw thare haldinis
a1568 Scott vi 33.
Suld I presome this sedull schaw?
c1575 Balfour Pract. 284.
He that is judge commissioner and hes not sufficient document to schaw quhair he is sworn to minister justice in his office
(b) 1540–1 Elgin Rec. I 55.
Thir personis underwrittin to saw thair ewydentis of the landis withinwrittin
(c) 1479 Acta Aud. 86/2.
To pruf & schew his intra in the said landis
1494 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 213.
A bill to the alderman [etc.] … of Aberdene to produce and schew sic richtis as thai wald use anent the clame [etc.]
1516 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 72.
In safer as thai scew ma diffesance of gevin be the quene or allowit in the chekker rollis als fer as the saidis landis ar plenist
(d) 1531 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 44.
The saidis persones … showis nayne enteres to the said … land
p.t. c1420 Wynt. viii 2353 (W).
Be euidentis that he thare schawit [C. schewit]
(b) 1436 Coll. Aberd. & B. 394.
Comperit befor me Richarde … and schew a letter of pouer
1453 Aberd. B. Rec. I 403.
The said principales … wald noght admit … Ranald as depute to the lievtenand, becaus he schew na letteris of the lordis thareapon
1473 Treas. Acc. I 67.
And thareftir he schew a conduct
1482 Acta Aud. 104/2.
Cuthbert beand personaly present schew and producit the saide Henryis obligatioune
1485–6 Prot. Bk. J. Young 9.
Johne Walch, forspekare … tuk instrument that the parti schew na lauchful compromise
1489 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 9.
Alegit for hir that scho wes possessor and schow [? erron. for schew] hir testimonial
1499–1500 Acta Conc. II 374.
Because thai schew a rolment of the barone court of Terreglis [etc.]
1504–5 Liber Melros II 601.
The said abbot … thar apoun schew confirmacions of diuers kingis
1511 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I 62.
The said Wilȝeame schew instrumentis and documentis of the alienatioun … of the said landis
1526–7 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 83.
Thome Hesloipe … schewe wryttingis howe that he and Thome of Breuhous was biddyne till arbitouris
1572–3 Reg. Privy C. II 191.
At the tyme of the said executioun the said officiar schew the saidis principall letters
(c) 1436 Coll. Aberd. & B. 394.
Apon the quhilkis he schiev his processe and his dome giffin [etc.]
p.p. 1467 Acta Aud. 7/2.
His lettre of tak vnder the sele of his armis being producit and schawyn
1477 Reg. Episc. Brechin. I 200.
The copeis thairof attentikly wretine and now shawin
1497 Acta Conc. II 74.
Because he put it til execucione withowt commissione, autorite or power schawin or yit schawis
1498–9 Ib. 313.
This day na thing schawin to thame that thai suld ansuere thairto and protestit tharefore that sen thai had schawin na thing this day and thai schawand na mare com to morne and that the Lorids left the mater
1499 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 79.
And that the merchandis pay na fraucht … quhill the chartour pairtie be schawin
1520 Fife Sheriff Ct. 173.
The saidis euidentis thai [? erron. for thar] schawine
1527 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 155.
[To] caus the said letter for men of na litteratour be schavin exponit and interpret in comone langag … of Scotland
1561 Reg. Privy C. I 172.
Pretendit procuratouris … hes nocht schawin ony sufficient procuratorie or power to that effect
1562 Treas. Acc. XI 174.
As the said precept togidder witht his acquittance schawin upoun compt beris
(b) 1433 Swintons xxxiii.
His letter of tutery … thar opynly schewid and red
(c) 1476 Acta Aud. 48/1.
The said compromis producit and schewin
1485 Acta Conc. I *117/2.
Na thing schewin attentikly be the said erle in the contrare
1492 Treas. Acc. I 204.
Be his buke of expens tharofe examinit and schewin vppone compt
1517 Fife Sheriff Ct. 74.
1518 Ib. 134.
The chartir … producit & scheuine in jugement
(d) 1681 Stair Inst. iii v § 49.
There is reason that the ancient evidents should be shown with the retour … And seeing it is the vassal's duty to show his holdings to the superior, there can be no time so fit as at the entry
(2) pres. 14.. Burgh Laws c. 21 (B).
Gyfe a man chalangit of land … be yhond the see or ane vthir schaw his lettres in court he aw to byde qwhil he cum hame
1434 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 314.
That yhe content and pay … taking his lettres of ressayt to schaw to vs
1489 in Exch. R. X 101 n.
Ye … schauand the samyn [supra lettres of resaite] of your comptis in oure chekker
1497–8 Acta Conc. II 102.
That the schiref … roll it [sc. the unlaw] in his court buke and schaw it and ansuere in the chekker thareapone
1540 Acts II 357/1.
The party appeland schawand befor the saidis lordis the sentence retractatour
1586 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XV 18.
Andrew Craig merchant to procure and schaw befor thame ane sufficient certificate
1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I 202.
A ratificatioun … quhilk ye sall shaw to Mr. Thomas Nicolsone [etc.]
1630 Ib. 314.
Ye sall … latt thame sie the saids evidentis … and thairefter to schaw thame to the Erll of Mar
(b) 1478 Acta Conc. I 7/2.
Ay & quhill the said persons bring & schew befor the lordis sufficiand lettres of tak of mar strenth than the said Johne … has now schewin
(c) c1580 Q. Mary in 12th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. viii 9.
I … am herteli sori that he miht not schou his commission to my soon, for [etc.]
p.t. c1420 Wynt. vii 1841.
He schawyd the decret To the Pape Alysandyr
(b) 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 159.
Maister Randell schew his writtingis to the counsall foirsaid
1615 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 233.
George Grahame … denyis that he shew his warrand to the laird of Cadell
1638 Johnston Diary I 403.
In the Assemblee I scheu al the warrants and read the verry acts themselves
(c) 1686 Douglas Corr. 381.
Major Whyt's memorall to your grace … the which I shod the king
p.p. 1398–9 Acts I 212/1.
Throch the letteris … vnder his grete seel schawit to the thre communatez in to playn consail
1415 Reg. Episc. Brechin. I 37.
Our letteris for the tym of our gowernal til enduir to ȝow to be schawit
14.. Burgh Laws c. 34 (A).
Befor the tother had schawyt his lettres in court
(b) 1460 in Exch. R. VI 590 n.
Thir oure lettrez be yhow sene and wndirstandin and anys schawing in oure chekker
1479–80 Acta Conc. I 48/1.
Provit be his obligacioun schavin and producit befor the lordis
1501 Chart. Coupar A. II 103.
Eftir the forme of thare saidis evidentis made tharuppoun schawn and producit before the saidis lordis
1515 Reg. Privy S. I 409/2.
That this said licence schawin to thaim, thai admit and enter the samyn in the chekker rollis
c1538 Misc. Spald. C. II 191.
The credence to be schawin to him in our naim
1566 Rec. Earld. Orkney 122.
As the said James Irwyne has schawne to me thair decreit and preceptis thairapone
1587 Aberd. Council Lett. I 8.
As ane instrument tane thairupone shawne to the lords of our secreit counsale
1594 Warrender P. (SHS) II 272.
I have schawne Maister James Nickolsonis adwyse wreittine unto me to my lord luiftenent
1615 Soc. Ant. XXX 56.
The said letter being anse [pr. ause] schawin upon compt in chekkar
(c) 1522–3 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 163.
The lettres … schewin and producit befor the saidis lordis
(d) 1615 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 226.
There answere in wrotte … is heerewith send vpe to be showene to his maiestie

b. To exhibit (a document) as proof of its existence, to certify that it is in one's possession, or to give information. 1375 Barb. i 605.
The lord the Bruce thar callyt he And schawyt hym the endentur
Ib. ii 34. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1878.
Sone thir fals lettres thai gan mak War schawed
1460 Hay Alex. 2761.
The king be letter warnit was alsa The quhilk letter he schew the medicinar
c1475 Wall. iii 425.
The knycht Schew him the wryt lord Persie had him sent
1494 Acta Conc. I 333/1.
[The] serref … has wrangwisly procedit in the seruing of the said breues becaus the said serref wald nocht schew the said breues and the indorsation tharof to the said partij, thai desirand … the said serref to schew the sammyn to thaim
1515 Douglas Corr. 72.
I haf wrytyne tyll Master Adame to be schawyne to your lordschip
1530 Aberd. B. Rec. I xxxvi.
We haue seen ane writin send be your lordschip to our prouest, to be schawin to vs
1531 Lynd. in Lynd. (STS) IV 255.
Quhais cercumstans I haiff writtin at lenth in articles to schaw the kyngis grace at my haym cuming
1532 Treas. Acc. VI 99.
With sic informatioun and credence gevin to him to be schewin to the bordouraris
1542–3 Bk. Carlaverock II 24.
We met with the erll … and he schew ws ȝour majesteis writtingis
a1568 Bann. MS 244a/33.
Schaw schedull to that sueit My pairt so permanent
1558-66 Knox II 401.
The said Johne … schew unto him the dowbill of the letter
1600-1610 Melvill 18.
Scho schew me a day … a ballet sett out in print against ministers
1620 Brus ii 34 (H).
And shewed him with bourding cheere, The indentour
1654 Johnston Diary II 278.
He shew me a letter of M. J. G. anent the remedye of his melancholye

5. To put (a spectacle) on display (to (= for) an audience). 1570 Leslie 71.
King James … schew to thame justingis and uther pastymes varray honorablie
1581-1623 James VI Poems I 40.
Repeit and sha my tragedie full neir

6. Of God, or one of His angels: To allow some sign of divine power to be seen; to allow to be seen or foreseen, in a vision. c1400 Troy-bk. i 574.
‘God wnkend’ That couth syk signez schaw & send … Aganys course of kindely right
c1500 Fyve Bestes 80.
Ane angell … schew him baith of hevin & hell The joye amang thir angellis … The fyre amang thire fendis … And of thaim all he had a sicht
?a1500 Obsecro 19.
Quhen Gabriall come … Schawand thé Goddis sone so deir
a1510 Aberd. Univ. Rev. XXXVI i 49.
To the deuot woman … Mony angelis apperit and schew The sone of Gode
1513 Doug. xiii x 74.
God … Has schawin tharfor this syng of fyry levin
1562-3 Winȝet II 44/23.
As in the foreknaulege His handis and feit ar schawin to be peirsit
1567 G. Ball. 203.
Than cleirly sall My word be schawin
1596 Dalr. I 13/6.
Mony sygnes be God war schawne

b. To perform (an act) which manifests the power of God; to work a miracle. c1515 Asl. MS I 250/19.
Sanct Mongow … schawit mony mirakillis
Ib. 252/12.
Sanct Adampnane schawit mirakillis in Scotland
1567 Sat. P. vi 18.

c. Of God: To schaw the richt, to provide that justice is seen to be done. 1456 Hay I 271/27.
Lat thame ga togeder … God schaw the rycht!
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 107/29.
God schawis the richt
1535 Stewart 15951.
Louyng to God Almycht, Hes lawleit him so far to schaw the rycht Of this tirrane
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 448.
Heraldis cryit … Now let thame go. God shaw the richt

7. reflex. To allow (oneself) to be seen; to reveal oneself to a person; to appear. Also, fig., with out.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xviii 308.
Spirituale modyr … schau thé to me!
1456 Hay II 45/11.
Veritee hydis him nocht, bot schawis him to falsehede
c1460 Thewis Gud Women 37, 40.
Quhen scho is proud to schaw hir than Is takin of a licht woman, Bot quhen it suld be resone bee, Tyll schaw hir thane is honestee
1513 Doug. viii viii 47.
O fortoun, … Thou schawist thé in our help and supple!
a1538 Abell 117b.
His kynnismen bad and consulit him [sc. Christ] to schaw him to the warld
c1590 Fowler I 59/45.
Sennicio with Franceschin thair lykwyse did tham shaw
1587-99 Hume 129/220.
After he [sc. Christ] had shawin himself to the eleven in Galile [etc.]
(b) 1638 Maxwell Mem. II 267.
I shall be willing … to showe mysellffe
fig. 1570 Sat. P. xxxvii 6.
The suythe sall schaw it selffe out to thair schame

b. With complement: To appear in a specified condition or state of mind. a1400 Leg. S. xxxvii 73.
Thai schew thame fere starkare & glad, Thane quhen to presone he thaim had
1600 Reg. Privy C. VI 168.
That nane schaw themselffis unhorsit or wantand futmantellis

c. Const. as: To appear in a specified rôle. 1586 Bk. Univ. Kirk II 660.
The bookes of modificatioun [are] full of … persons as hes nevir shawin themselves as [ministers]

8. To display ostentatiously in order to attract attention; to show (something) off. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) xiv 78.
Sa mony ane Kittie … schawand hir goldin chene
c1540 Lynd. Syde Taillis 58.
To se ane nwn Gar beir hir taill abone hir bwn … to schaw hir lillie quhyte hois
a1585 Maitland Maitl. Q. 2/26.
Thair wovin hois of silk ar schawin … To gar thair courtlines be knawin
Ib. 2/34.
Sumtyme bayth [gown and petticoat] thay will vp beir To schaw thair hois of blak or broun
c1610 Melville Mem. 123.
Sche delyted to schaw her golden coloured hair

9. To schaw (a, one's) face (fare, scheikes, visage, etc.) with a specified aspect or appearance, to manifest the attitude indicated by the qualifying terms. Cf. 10 (2) below. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2690.
[Fortune] Schawand thaim first richt plesand faire
a1500 Lanc. 525.
He shawith outwart his contenans As he therof takith no greuans
a1500 Bernardus 240.
Thow felis flech schawand a far visage [ed. visagis]
c1475 Wall. vi 57.
Fortoune him schawit hyr fygowrt doubill face
a1500 Seven S. 844.
Of na thing had he plesance Suppos he schewe faire countenans
1563 G. Hay Confutation Abbot Crosraguel 5.
It appeereth well that the man hath bene in an great rage of feuer: for if the wordes he here infarceth shoulde haue bene pronounced by mouth, Lord what scheikes should he haue shewe[n]; I am assured he should haue passed cornet, chalme and trompet [marg. If the abbote appereth enraged in writing what wold he schew himself in speaking]
1568 Hosack Mary Q. of Scots I 528.
The noblemen of Scotland … wer inhibite ayther to accumpany him or schaw him gude visaige

10. To allow some part of the body to be seen, as an unintended, or secondary, consequence of some other action.To schaw (one's) face, to reveal oneself, appear. Freq. in fig. context or allusively. To schaw out (the tongue) in dying. To schaw a pair of heels, to run away (cf. 16th c. e.m.E. to shew a fayre, or clean, pair of heels). To see a leg, to expose one's leg to view (when making a genuflection).(1) c1515 Kennedy Asl. MS II 273/12.
Schawand thi son the sweit palpis that him fed
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 199/20.
Sum beckis full law and schawis bair heidis
(2) a1500 Henr. Fab. 1173.
Quhen Hesperus to schaw his face began
a1500 Rois Garlandis 376.
O marcifull Lady, I ask … that thow will schaw to me thy glorius face
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 161/2.
As ȝung Awrora … schew hir visage paile
15.. Clar. v 2073.
And lustie Venus schew hir lustie face
1567 G. Ball. 136.
O God … Thy face schaw vs sa glorious
1571 Bann. Memor. 141.
Whare the authoris of sic calumpneis durst not haue schawin thair faces
a1585 Maitl. Q. 239/12. 1611-57 Mure Dido & Æneas i 253.
Night shew her sable face
(3) a1578 Pitsc. I 67/31.
The bischope randerit his spreit hastielie … and schew out his toung maist wyldlie as he had bene hangit wpoun ane gallous
(4) 1746 J. Row Sermon 5.
Take care when they come with swords and stalves … that some do not with Peter shaw a pair of heels and forsake her
(5) 1661 The True Character of a Ragged Presbyter 37.
He … chuseth sooner to be half hang'd then see a leg at the name of Jesus

11. Chiefly with a material or non-material thing as subject. Cf. sense 30. a. Of a tree or growing thing: To display (some material or, once, non-material aspect of itself or of the state it is in). 1456 Hay II 128/14.
Treis than schawis thair beauteis and thair naturale flouris and fairnes
1513 Doug. vii Prol. 55.
Laggerit leyis wallowit farnys schew

b. To be the means of revealing; to serve to indicate, to make evident.(a) 1456 Hay I 257/5.
That the ire of man schawis nocht the rychtwis jugement of God
1531 Bell. Boece II 208.
That the deed corps suld not schaw the slayaris, for it is haldin amang us that the body of ane slane man bledis afore the slaar
a1585 Polwart Flyt. 590 (T).
His schewin schoulderis schawis the merkis but dout Of tarledderis tewch, tyris and vther tawis
c1590 Fowler I 314/59.
The ridd layd nixt in place Quhilk baldnes shawes bot mair that hew Quhilk gius ȝour lipps thair grace
(b) 1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 104.
Ther succession shall be shewne in particular tables afterward
a1658 Durham Comm. Rev. 729.
A great chain in His hand … sheweth … His errand to link up the devil from his former liberty
(c) ?1438 Alex. ii 2420.
In my thocht I send hir baith The ene of my hart that showis raith Hir fare cuming and hir ganging
a1568 Bann. MS 34a/45.
Sowand wer thy sydis sair scurgis bla & wan
c1590 Fowler I 106/46.
Nothing more makis knowen Two contrareis than one by one by interspace is showen
1606 Birnie Kirk-b. xv.
A mont to show worldly glory

c. fig. To schew forth, to illuminate. 1650 Calderwood VIII xx.
Till this great light [sc. Calderwood], which doth obombrat ly, Shew forth the way

d. To show to advantage, as by contrast. c1590 Fowler I 314/62.
Incarnatt …, Quhilk schaws ȝour gud complexioun

e. Of a luminary: To display (its light). 1549 Compl. 54/25.
Sum tyme it [sc. the moon] vald schau lycht al the nycht
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 712.
Phœbus schew his bemis bricht
15.. Clar. v 3025.
Quhill that Venus schew hir cristall light
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1331.
Seaven starnes in the lift schawis mair licht nor ane

f. Of a lamp or beacon, also fig. of a person: To cast, or provide, light (to (= for) those in need of it), also const. indirect object. 1540 Lynd. Sat. 1049.
Ȝe [sc. kings] ar the lamps that sould schaw them [sc. subjects] the licht To leid them
c1552 Id. Mon. 5346.
Pastouris … In thare beginnyng schew gret lycht … Bot now … Those schynand lampis bene ago
1566 Treas. Acc. XII 405.
For four new fyre pannis togidder with ane fork of yron to schaw lycht in the nycht
1567 G. Ball. 173.
O Christ, quhilk art the lycht of day, … Schawand till vs thy perfite lycht
1573 Davidson Sat. P. xli 10.
Thy lemand lamp that schew sic licht Was gude Johne Knox

g. To represent (to an observer, const. indirect object) (something other than itself); to stand for. a1500 Bk. Chess 2038.
And as the chekker schawis ws this tovne Richt so it maye the kinrik & the crovne

III. 12. To guide another person's sight to a thing (also a person), by taking him to see it, pointing it out (as with the finger), etc.; to indicate, identify (to a person). Also fig.Also const. indirect object or double object.(a) a1400 Leg. S. vi 270.
In paradice … [He] schawyt me the welful stede Quhare he the fare palace has mad
?14.. Ship Laws c. 28 (B).
A maystyr of a ship aw to schaw til his schipmen his wyndyng his wyndes and his cordys
1456 Hay I 10/34.
Quhen he schewe with his fyngir the sone of God in figure of a lambe
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 101/5.
Quhen that I schawe to him ȝour markis He turnis to me again and barkis
1513 Doug. iii ii 35. 1533 Boece 337.
The place ȝit in thir dayis is schawing to the pepill deuotelie thareto making confluence
1531 Bell. Boece II 53.
Hir freindis … commandit hir to schaw the deflorar of hir chastite
Id. Livy II 246 (BM).
Numa schew in his kalendare sic days as war happy … that certane days mycht occurre in quhilkis the peple mycht gett thare erandis happelie sped
a1538 Abell 31a.
He at is part takair with ane their … alswa he that knawis thame and schawis thame nocht to the speraris
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. 26.
The Caluinistis can not schau … ony place quhair the vordis … ar tane for nude takins and signis
1616 Crim. Trials III 586.
Bot now ȝow put furth ȝour finger to schaw only the fontanes
1622-6 Bisset II 244/9.
The maister suld schaw the merchandis the takill … that they have to hois witht all
1632 Lithgow Trav. i 24.
They shew me the crub or stall where he was borne
(b) 1375 Barb. iv 491 (C).
Scho schewit the sted Till the king in a woddy glen
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2582.
He said ‘Heir downe at hond …’ And with his honde he schewed quhair
?1438 Alex. ii 1936.
In this castell I think to schew ȝow ane iouell … Ydeus
Ib. 1521.
1534 Bamff Chart. 64.
We sall schew you the intaking of the mylne leid [etc.]
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 1136 (Wr.).
I would … Shew thousand, thousands thou deceivde
fig. a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 773.
Shew me the man and I shall shew you the law

b. To schaw (a person) (his passage, the way), to guide along, or point out, the route to the destination proposed. Also transf. to indicate (a goal). 1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 43.
For he was commandit to schaw the governour hes passage
1600-1610 Melvill 228.
A gyde with a lantern knit to his hors-teall to schaw us the way
transf. 1460 Hay Alex. 390.
He vsit him to play with speir and scheild For nature schawis the craft that bairne will to

c. To schew (a house, etc.), to show someone round the rooms, gardens, etc. of a house. 1674 Cunningham Diary 38.
To the man that shewed us Lesly house, £2 10 s.
1676 Ib. 72.
To the man that shewed me the house and yeards of Dunnibirsle, 12 s.

IV. To manifest one's thoughts, feelings, etc., by observable signs.

13. To display, manifest, evidence (an attitude, quality, feeling, condition, etc.) (be, in, intill, throw one's feelings, actions or behaviour or in (on) some fashion or manner).Also const. to do (something) or that something is the case; also, to schaw furth; to schaw (out) a signe or takin (of some quality, etc.). Also const. noun clause object.(1) 1375 Barb. ii 370.
The Bruysis folk … Schawyt thar gret chewalry
?1438 Alex. i 1922.
Our worship and our bounte … sould shawin be
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 31.
He gevis mar, at wertew schawis [etc.]
a1500 Bk. Chess 19.
Sum gois to dyse thair lewdnes for to schaw
?a1500 Dewoit Exerc. 47.
The gret meiknes that ȝe schew quhen ȝe inclynit doun ȝour heid
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 129.
Schaw now thy schame, schaw now thy bad nystie
Id. Æn. i viii 123.
Hard myschans … Constrenys me sik mastry forto schaw
c1500-50 Brevis Cronica 331.
This Makbeth … schew his crewelte and perverst mynd
a1586 Maitland Geneal. Setoun 35.
It schaws the liberalitie and honorablenes of the doaris thairof that rather walde spend [etc.]
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 182 (G).
Ȝour gentill resoning … provokis me … to schawe gud will
1564 St. A. Kirk S. 195.
The … inobedience don and schawyn befoyr us be Jhone Bycartoun
1571 J. Maitland Maitl. F. 434/5.
Schaw thy trewth & thyne integritie
1580 Hay in Cath. Tr. (STS) 65/23.
Hainous crymes of the quhilks thay have nocht schavin na repentance
1587-99 Hume 30/158.
The cock his courage shawes … And twentie times he crawes
1603 Philotus 1354.
Gif God had greiter leirning to mee lent, I suld haue schawin the same
1622-6 Bisset I 50/22.
Thir armed men schawes na mannassing
1636 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XXXII 218.
And to schaw and kyith his forder love and cair he haid of the said Thomas
1649 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 109.
If it suld please the counsell to shaue courtesie of the pryce … of the saidis mortcloathes
(b) 1563-72 Ferg. Serm. iii Malachi in Tracts 62.
I may schow my gude will and frelie vtter my mynd
(2) 1533 Boece 438.
He mycht schaw his vassalage to debell the tyran
1560 Rolland Seven S. Prol. 29.
And I … Thocht … to schaw my diligence To manifest my waik wit and ingyne
1562-3 Winȝet I 73/7.
Ȝe schaw ȝour arrogance only … to be … gestit at
1563 St. A. Kirk S. 182.
The said Dauid … hes mynted and schawyn his deligence to drown hyr
1624 Anal. Scot. I 172.
Ye will schaw your readiness to obey your commandementis
(b) ?c1675 J. Gordon Hist. III 29.
For to shw ther willingnesse to give the king content
(3) a1400 Leg. S. i 414.
Hym at schawis his godhede In worde and wark
?1438 Alex. ii 3132.
Tharfore suld nane euill will Be schauin in hart, nouther loud na still
1456 Hay I 19/31.
He schewe in him twa willis quhen he said [etc.]
Ib. 284/20.
In takenyng of humilitee the religious men ar cled in blak wede commonly to schawe mekenes in hert
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 1551 (Asl.).
Schawe will in werk & … Thow sall in hevyne for evir be laureat
c1490 Irland Asl. MS 23/10.
The inhonoracoun that he has schawin in the breking of his law
Id. Mir. I 75/13.
Bot lefull is … to schaw my sempil wit in the werkis of the hie maieste
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 153.
This fair ȝoung prince … Schew intill ded that he his pepill lude That for thair saik sa sone he sched his blude
1596 Dalr. II 163/15.
Althoch the duke shewe in this distributione his gret liberalitie and nobilitie of his harte
1550 Corr. M. Lorraine 323.
Your grace affection schauuing heir be your grace wretingis in my recommendatioun
(b) 1555 Corr. M. Lorraine 403.
The gret honor yowr grace has sawin in dweng for me yowr grace sober sarwand
(c) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1478 (C).
Eneas … One this wyse schewed hys gule
?1438 Alex. ii 4336.
The knychtis of Grece full hardely Schewit thair-throw thare cheualry
(d) 1600-1610 Melvill 273.
Naine is sa bissie to schow his manreid in feghting as the said Jaques
(4) a1500 Bernardus 138.
Gef that thi mortale inimy … may nocht schaw furtht his felony
(b) a1500 Quare Jel. 586.
Ay simpill wit furth schewith sympilnese
(5) 1533 Boece 256b.
This prince … schewe neuer signe of glaidnes
1533 Gau 15/9.
Ony lichtlie takine of ir quhilk men wsis to schaw
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1106.
Schaw me of lufe sum takin
1560–1 St. A. Kirk S. 58.
Withowttin ony signe of repentance schawin be hir
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 65.
The pepill … luking pietiously schawit ane foirtakin of na gude luck to cum
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxxiv 6.
Becaus no signe is shaune That ȝe held me ȝour aune
1640 Mouswald Kirk S. MS 1 July.
Give they … shall shaw evident signes of trew humiliatione
1596 Dalr. II 241/19.
Sygnes of thair mirrines thairfoir out tha schew
(b) 1521 Acts XII 39/2.
Ȝoure grace suld have schewin mair evident takynnis of luff … towart oure soverane lord
(6) 1456 Hay I 26/19.
He held the court of Rome clere … of all symony and schewe in dede that he lufit it nocht
1530 Lynd. Test. Pap. 498.
For to schaw that he aferit no fone … he wald ryde hym alone
1531 Bell. Boece (M) I 44.
To schaw that wee ar na les dantouris of oure innative ferocite and ire
1567 G. Ball. 105.
Thair sinnis schawis thay ar a bludie byke
1567 Sat. P. v 84.
Schaw first that ye the Lord do feir
c1590 Fowler II 138/11.
Incace thow forbid theme the vse of there armes, thow … schaueth that thow distrusteth theme
1612 W. Alexander Elegie 24.
When but a childe … He [sc. Henry] reallie shew what he was, a quint-essence of kings

b. To display a particular art or skill. a1500 Seven S. 1763.
To schaw our sciens ȝit attoure This nycht we schape to dreme all foure
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 676.
Latt poetis schaw thare glorious ingyne, As euer thay pleis, in Greik or in Latyne
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 1349 (Wr.).
Be medciner unto this man, And shaw such cunning as yee can, To put him out of paine
15.. Crawford Mun. Invent. II 60.
My lord lippynnis in yow that na thing sall gange wrange in all behalffis thairfoir schawe your craft

c. With the action or behaviour as subject. a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 433 (Asl.).
Na thing mare schawis resemblans To feyndlie feris than chyding & debate
1543–4 Corr. M. Lorraine 57.
Madame, gif I haif servit [truly ?] the deid schawis
1560 Rolland Seven S. 5525.
Thy deidis the treuth sall schaw of thy hid harlatrie
1596 Dalr. II 141/18.
An ansuer … finȝet and false quhilk now deid shawes

14. To allow to be revealed in one's demeanour, expression, etc., what one is thinking, feeling, etc.; to exhibit in one's appearance one's inward reactions. 1456 Hay II 85/13.
Schawand as than quhen na tyme is of redresse that it displesis nocht gretely
a1500 Seven S. 2330.
Till him scho schewe plesans be sicht
a1510 Aberd. Univ. Rev. XXXVI i 52.
Ane woman oft schawis suet luking
a1585 Maitl. Q. 109/39.
To schaw my paine I dar scars interpryis
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 251 (W).
My hewe so furth schew so The dolour of my wounds
1661–5 W. Guthrie in Sel. Biog. II 73.
There was such grief for that at his heart, that his countenance shew it came from the bone

15. reflex. a. With adjective or participial adjective complement: To reveal oneself as possessing or exemplifying the quality specified.(a) c1420 Wynt. v 5553.
Lord God that schawys thé Luwand man-kynd in all kyn gre Thow grawnt [etc.]
Ib. vii 1781.
Be purpos as he schawyt hym set Bathe kyn and kyndnes he foryhet
c1460 Thewis Gud Women 43.
To schaw hire proud at men may see Is … vanite
1481 Aberd. B. Rec. I 411.
Becaus that Robert … has schavine hym vnkindly
1490 Irland Mir. I 50/21.
Thou schawis thé wisare than God, mendand his prayere maid … for thé
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 252.
Bot I wes schene in my schrowd and schew me innocent
1513 Doug. iv i 22.
Quhou wys in speche … He schawys hym self
1531 Bell. Boece I 247.
Maximus … schew him sa benivolus to the pepil that [etc.]
Id. Livy I 18/10.
This wolf schev hir sa meik to thir barnis that [etc.]
1533 Crawford Mun. Invent. II 49 (Feb.).
And schawand him ingraite to … umquhile Walter
1546 Corr. M. Lorraine 173.
With the empriouris ambassatour quha schew him party
1549 Compl. 15/15.
Fortoune hes schauen hyr rycht aduerse contrar me
1568 Q. Mary in Facs. Nat. MSS III lviii.
For I uil not leif thame that … schawis thameselffis loyal and faithful
1571 J. Maitland Maitl. F. 434/11.
Schaw thy self bayth sage scharpe & sinceir
1558-66 Knox II 347.
The said erle schew him self not verray affrayed
a1578 Pitsc. I 293/20.
Schawand ȝour selffis so rebellieous aganis him that [etc.]
1596 Dalr. II 52/18. a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xii 16.
Mair mercifull I wald thou war Nor ȝit thy self thou shauis
c1610 Melville Mem. 3.
Sen thou hes schauen thy self sa willing to satisfie my expectation of thé
(b) 1531 Bell. Boece II 126.
Achaius … send his ambassatouris to the princis of Ireland schewing him advertist that Irelandmen … was purposit to … invade his realme
1563 Dysart Gleanings 18.
Schewing him seill wyling to pay he offerit to the said officiar his gown
a1568 Bann. MS 30b/3.
The sone of God in erd he[s] schewin him boun … As hevynnys lord
1572 Facs. Nat. MSS III lxiii.
It had been my duty … to haue shewed myself thankfull
c1620 Sutherland Bk. II 354.
Before yow shew your self jealous of your freinds honestie
1635 Hist. Fragm. III 3.
If they had not sheune themselves averse from the engadgment
1639 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 215.
That none hes schewing themselfis more proane to riot

b. With noun complement: To exhibit oneself in the character or rôle specified.Also const. to be, for, lik, as (he war …), or with noun clause.(1) a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 220.
He hungerit syne to schaw him man werray
1513 Doug. i Prol. 192.
Virgill tharin ane hie philosophour hym schew
1531 Bell. Boece I 16.
Schaw you thairfor oure childrin as we sall schaw us your faderis
1562-3 Winȝet I 96/6.
Our … souerane hes schawin hir self mair than King Dauidis trew dochtir
1587-99 Hume 68/3.
Thou shawis thy selfe be practise evident Of natures warks obseruer diligent
(2) 1456 Hay I 11/12.
Be the quhilk he schewe him self to be pape and soverayne chaplane to God
Ib. 291/18. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 7960.
First scho hir schew to be in estimatioun Ane chaist wedow
1562-3 Winȝet II 42/35.
Nocht that He be imitatioun schew or finȝeit Him to be man
(3) 1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 230.
My lord of Dunkell schaw hym lyk ane nobill man
a1585 Maitl. Q. 244/23.
He … schawis him lyik the cur that bytis the man
(4) 1562-3 Winȝet I 13/1.
The fals precheour sittand in the temple of God, schawand him self … as he war God
(5) c1490 Porteous Noblenes 173/12 (A).
He is werray noble, and for ane noble schewes, gouernis and manteinis him without fenȝeing that [etc.]

c. With non-material subject: To reveal itself; to be manifested. a1538 Abell 100a.
Sa inwy is lurken malis at man schaw the self in werkis opponit to cherite

d. Without complement. Of Christ: To reveal His nature. a1578 Pitsc. II 75/11.
Thy trew doctrene and werietie by the quhilk Thow hes schewit Thé into the world

16. To display (a specified quality, chiefly a good one or a virtue) to (till, toward) another person or, once, a cause, by one's actions or behaviour. Also const. indirect object, or on (on to, unto, in) another person, etc., betuene (persons) or with ellipsis of const.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xvi 151.
Als he schew hire the tendirnes Of hartful luf
1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 60.
For the qwilk … kindenes sa schawin and prouit in deid to the saide Schir Dauid be the saide erle [etc.]
c1420 Wynt. viii 7036.
Till sympill he [sc. King David] schawyd debonarte
1456 Hay I 19/25.
The quhilk well of manlyk lufe and kyndenes He schew us wele the day of His passioun
1490 Irland Mir. I 80/28.
[Christ] schawand in oure natur mare obedience to the fadere of hevin … than [etc.]
a1500 Seven S. 2554.
For caus he him schewe nakit lawte
1533 Bell. Livy I 165/28.
Mony … gaif thankis … for the benevolence schawin to thame
1535 Stewart 8206.
The greit gentreis to me that thow hes schawin
a1538 Abell 113a.
I sall schaw nocht of inordinad effectioun to him
1549 Compl. 105/7, 8.
& nou ȝe schau me nocht sa grit loue and familiarte as ȝe scheu me in the tyme of the veyris
1562-3 Winȝet I 78/7.
Christis grete mercy schawin to His inimeis
1567 G. Ball. 132.
His greit grace, schawin vs the space
a1568 Bann. MS 228b/3.
Thair is nan may schaw no succour To my pur hairt
1570 Sat. P. x 409.
That clan … To quhome … he schew his greit clemence
1580 Reg. Privy C. III 294.
The fervent lufe schawin be thame to his hienes
1589 Glasgow B. Rec. I 135.
The vse and plasour he schew to the tounes hagbutteris
1592 Wemyss Corr. 30.
The gentill vsage and lenitie schawine … toward our subiectis
1600 Misc. Bann. C. I 142.
That they suld … schau ther gratitude to God
1630 Aberd. Council Lett. I 321.
That love and respect quhilkis ye have schawin to my husband
(b) c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 580.
Naball, for his grit churlyschenes Schewin to Dauid [etc.]
1579 Laing MSS 29.
That great cair and affectioun toward us … quhilk alwayes heirtofore in oure minoritie ye have schewin and declared
1624 Aberd. Council Lett. I 233.
For his gudewill shewin to the towne
(c) 1503 Aberd. B. Rec. I 431.
That the said Master James … vesy tham that beis seik and schow them his medicin
1545 St. P. Henry VIII V 411.
The gret … gentilnes schouit be so rayelle ane prence to so poure ane man
c1650 Spalding II 401.
To schow his love to the good causs
(2) 1528 Lynd. Dreme 1051.
Hir gratytude sche hes on to thé schawin
1570 Sat. P. xviii 82.
Schamt schameles, schame hes schawin vnto this natioun
a1585 Maitl. Q. 251/15.
Thow sekest … mercie vnto ws to schaw
1587-99 Hume 13/67.
Suffering Lord … Mair glad on sinners grace to shaw Nor [etc.]
1635 Dundonald Par. Rec. 399.
Certane danger sould have inschewit except he had schawin mercie on them
(b) c1568 Lauder Minor P. iii 104.
The gluttoun That petiit nocht the pure Lazarus Quhen dogs did schew in him more cherytie
(c) 1611-57 Mure Early Misc. P. xi 27.
Oh, (sueit!) then scho Compassioun on my woe
(3) a1500 Henr. Fab. 192.
The hartlie cheir … Quhilk that oft syis wes schawin thame betuene
(4) Knox I 5. 1574 Reg. Privy C. II 405.
That God may be praised for his mercy schawin

b. To accord a particular assistance or favour, etc. (to another).(a) 1490 Irland Mir. I 110/21.
The gret giftis and benefice of the godheid done and schawin to Adam
1574 Acts III 87/2.
And gif ony … gevis money … or schawis ony vther releif to ony vagabound
1577 Reg. Privy C. II 611.
To schaw thame … gude intertenyment in meit, drink, ferry fraucht and utherwayis in thair cuming … or departing
1592 Wemyss Corr. 31.
The guid intertennement and fauorable courtesie ye haue shawne to Maistres Margret
1610 Rep. Southesk MSS 14.
The favoris ȝe haiff schawing to me welis me … luiff ȝow maire
(b) 1515 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 57.
To schew to the queyn that he tretit hir evir the best way he could … and to schew hir all the humaniteis that he can
1629 Boyd Last B. 258.
For all by-gane fauours shewed vnto them

c. To offer (example) by one's actions or demeanour.(a) c1460 Regim. Princ. 223 (Fairf.).
Thou suld schaw thaim a gud merroure For pepill oft tym folowys the trad of the pastoure
1567 G. Ball. 44.
Jesus wusche his apostillis feit, Schawand exempill of lawlynes
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 89.
Hirself hes schawit thé exempill
(b) 1558–9 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I lxiv.
In respect heirof that his lordschip wald be so gude as to schew gude and edificative example

17. To exert (strength or power). 1456 Hay I 47/16.
The Romaynis … schew sik power agaynis thame that thai slewe thair king
1562-3 Winȝet I 99/1.
Only except sik as schew thair pouer geuin thame be Him
1570 Sat. P. xxiii 82.
Schawand thair force & micht To that intent that Jesabell suld ring
a1578 Pitsc. II 24/29.
Thairfoir schaw thy strenth at this tyme for thow hes this meikill adwantage

V. To make known by verbal communication.There is some overlapping between the main senses.

18. To expound or explain (some matter); to make evident or clear; to point out; to make known; to reveal. a. Const. simple or clause object and (once) object and infin. Also with furth, out (once, reflex., with the matter as subject), and absol.(1) a1400 Leg. S. I 509.
pres. We will … trew the law that Katrine schawis
1456 Hay I 11/12.
He send his apostlis … to ger schawe the Cristyn faith, and preich it
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 1250 (Asl.).
Or the appostolis schawand infernale pane The pepill fra thair synnis till exhort
c1515 Asl. MS I 197/8.
Ane cronikle in the quhilk ȝhe mak ȝow to schaw the defaltis of our Scottis nacoun
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 311.
And gar me schaw thy antecessouris schame
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 158.
I protest, the treuth gif I schaw [etc.]
1513 Doug. i Prol. 48.
Weill may I schaw my burall bustuus thocht
1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 9.
This berar to schaue all thingis at lyntht quhome to your grace will pleis giff crychtandis
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1366.
Schawand the heycht and lenth and breid … of Noyis arke
1556 Lauder Off. Kings 236.
Wo be to thame that dois knaw Godds wourd, syne dois the contrar schaw
1560 Rolland Seven S. 251 (see c (a) below). 15.. Dum Wyf 17.
He bad him schaw and lat him knaw Of all his greif the ground
1562-3 Winȝet I 87/26.
Caluin confessis this sacrament to be a mysterie mair hie than he can schau be toung [etc.]
a1585 Maitl. Q. 256/8.
For thingis of great & high affairs In simple style he schawis
1588 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 525.
Quhen ony of thir visitoures passis to the saill that thai cum in to the counsall and schaw the sam
1590 Aberd. Council Lett. I 52.
The saids personis to mak … payment … or ellis to schaw a reassonabill caus the samen suld not be done
(b) 1567 Inverness Rec. I 154.
Quhatewyr he be … that rewelis or schaiffis the secreittis of the cunsall
(c) c1450-2 Howlat 577 (A).
Now gif I sall schewe [B. sew] The order of thar armes, it war to tell teire
1556 Lauder Off. Kings 328.
Quhat our pastoris thay may spend, Me neidis nocht schew
16.. Crail Squaremen 25.
That a brother being to take ane pice of work frae any nighbour that if he agrie nott he shall imediattlie sheu itt to the decon and brethren
(d) 1588 Aberd. Council Lett. I 39.
Quhen he cummis to court he will peradventure schow his maiestie this unhonest procedingis
1588 Laing MSS 75.
To schoue the imminent parrelles
p.t. a1400 Leg. S. v 179.
He … sex cause schavit quhy That thai men war than vnhappy
(b) a1500 Henr. Test Cress. 273.
Cupide … anone schew his intentioun
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 709.
He … schew the prophecy, How that … Jerusalem Suld be distroyit
1600 Crim. Trials II 251.
He schew the maner how he chappit to have bein thus
p.p. 1513 Doug. xii v 58.
A takyn hes scho schawyn auguriane
1533 Boece 210.
Heregust king, desirus to se the verite of thingis to him schawin, come in propir persoun
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 669.
Quhy suld nocht thare [sc. David's and Solomon's] sayng be tyll ws schawin In our language?
1558-66 Knox II 266.
The inconvenientis war schawin, both by tongue and pen
1649 Misc. Spald. C. V 382.
Efter I haid schavein the caice of the towne and countrie, … they reassoned to liberat ws
(b) 1513 Doug. ix i 47.
So gret takynnys and reuelacions schaw I sal persew and fallow quhat befaw
(c) 1533 Bell. Livy II 166/19.
The thing that he has schewin be instinctioun of divyne … sprete, he mycht nocht revoke
(d) a1400 Leg. S. xxxiv 161.
Bot gyf thou ȝarnis ocht be than Be my teching schewit be [etc.]
(e) 1598–1610 T. G. Stevenson Sempill Ballates (1872) 248.
But ohe my fate was worse: for it is in ane glas Schow me throw lytle blenks of bles: the state quherein I was
(2) pres. a1400 Leg. S. xxxviii 19.
That nane durst nere vthire schau That he wes Cristine
a1487 Gud Wyf & D. 1.
The gud wiff schawis … Quhilk ar the thewis of a gud voman
c1475 Wall. x 1110.
I can schaw her quhilk may be your awaill
14.. Edinb. Univ. MS La. ii 318.
For as Sant Jerome schawis & tellis That in sic tyme ar gottin messellis
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 2016.
Now wil I schaw … quhat folk bene heir
1512 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 138.
That thai [sc. the quartermasters] convene with the baillies euer ilk day and thair to schaw quhat persouns ar seik
1513 Doug. iii ix 39.
We hym exort to schaw quhat was his name
1533 Boece 90b.
The cuntre men … fled to the king … schawing … how Argathele be lymmaris was invadit
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iii 184.
Schaw now in time gif sic thing ȝe cowait
15.. Clar. v 1383.
It war not pertinent To me to schaw bot quhat he chargis me
1560 Rolland Seven S. 6477.
Quhen sall I cum (quod he) I wald ȝe schew
1580 Hay in Cath. Tr. (STS) 36/21.
I pray yow to schaw at quhat tyme any doctors of sic calling hes bene in your kirk afore Caluin
1586–7 Rait & Cameron King James's Secret 144.
They showe her they had na mair to say
1617 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 297.
Nature hathe onlie discovered wnto them sume mynes of coales, to schaw to what end schoe created them
1696 Seafield Corr. 201.
p.t. 1531 Bell. Boece II 207.
At last, be lang franing of his wife, he schew quhat schame the king had done to him
1545 Reg. Episc. Glasg. II 559.
Gavin archbishop of Glasgow … schew that there was ane act … that the halie write may be usit in our vulgar tongue
1643 Baillie II 72.
I shew how Lanerick had sent letters … declaring the king's mind
p.p. a1400 Leg. S. i 449.
I have schawit quhat he thocht
1456 Hay I 66/11.
Sen we have schawin how first come kingis, and that kingis was lang before the emperouris
a1500 Bk. Chess 43.
In the first part schawin sall be than Under quhat king this gentill sport began
1533 Boece 197.
He had schewin afore be am[ba]ssiatouris how Romanis fra Britan mycht be inhibit
1533 Bell. Livy II 102/34.
[It] was schawin be legatis … that the Wolchis war nevir mare besy
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4739.
I haue schawin … Quhow this fyft monarchie began
1568 Maxwell Mem. II 136.
Our seruandis … hes schavin how thay wer at ȝow … for the payment of the last tua ȝeris teyndis
Brus (1571) Pref. ij.
How miserabilly … King Robert wes rowstit & castin in the beginning of his regne I haue sum part schawin
1650 Glasgow B. Rec. II 192.
It was shawne how the towne was to pay for the publict provisioune of the airmie
(3) ?1438 Alex. ii 1734.
Hald in ȝour hartis … this, And shaw it furth quhen mister is [F. Quant il sera mestier]
c1420 Ratis R. 78.
I sal ȝhit mar opinly Schaw furth sum caus in-to party
a1500 Lanc. 412.
Furth his entent shauyth he al hall
c1475 Wall. xi 1411.
Off Wallace lyff quha has a forthar feill, May schaw furth mair
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 207.
Thair hie prudence schew furth and nathing roundit
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 606.
Tyll euery man the faith thay suld furth schaw In thare awin leid
15.. Dum Wyf 65.
Than furth scho schew all that scho knew
1560 Rolland Seven S. 10460.
Gif ȝe will not schaw furth the veritie [etc.]
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 85.
Ȝit will I schaw furth the testimonie of the haill pepill
a1578 Pitsc. II 73/26.
Schaw furth thy reassounis befoir this auditour
(4) 1456 Hay II 146/9.
Covert justice is in a gude jugis mynde and in his hert nocht schawin out
1633 Hibbert P. No. 7.
I schew out that ȝe hed wrettin to me to sie quhat ordour scho wad tak with ȝour bairnes geir
1570 Sat. P. xxxvii 6.
The suythe sall schaw it selffe out to thair schame
(5) absol. and ellipt. a1500 Quare Jel. 456.
Thair drede it is to euery wicht vnknowe Thame likith not to sclander nor to schowe
a1500 Bk. Chess 38.
The manere of office lawe & hie … sall he efter knaw And of craftis as I sall efter schaw
1513 Doug. xi vii 119.
Thai wait … in quhat estait Our materis standis bot thai ar arch to schaw
1535 Stewart 40248.
Quhair ane man standis grit dreid or aw, Hydis his vice, and wilbe laith to schaw
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 1133 (Wr.).
I show you, I know you; Your bygones I have booked

b. Const. double object, or to (till, unto) the person informed.(1) 1375 Barb. x 163.
He … schawyt [C. schew] to sum his preuete
c1420 Wynt. viii 2365.
Chargyd than war thai … the grevys for to schawe To the Pape
c1420 Ratis R. 1716.
Quhen his disciple had him schaving Syndry doctrinis
?14.. Ship Laws c. 26 (B).
Thai [sc. the seamen] aw to schaw to the chepmen the perel
1468 Smit Bronnen I ii 1019.
Giffys credens to the berar … in that, that he sall schaw on to ȝow forthir in this mater, nocht ellis
1513 Doug. xi x 57.
‘I sall schaw ȝou myne avys,’ quod he
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Luke viii 39 marg.
To schaw alsua the misteryes of his worde vnto babes and to hide them fra the wyse men
1525 E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. V 30.
That ȝe cum … and reveyle and schaw and restor and deliuer all that ȝe ken to the said lord Hay
1533 Gau 7/3.
The x commandis suld first be vritine and sine schauine and prechit to the pepil
1540 Lynd. Sat. 1338 (B).
Schaw me thy name, duddroun
1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 229.
Sayand he schew sic thynkis to my lord as my lord governour send hym word to do
1549 Compl. 158/5.
And the pepil sal desire the lau to be schauen to them, furtht of his moutht, be cause he is the messengeir of the Lord
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1807.
Now, schir, said I, schaw me the man Quhilk first ydolatrie began
1559 Statut. Sc. Ch. 188.
Ane Godlie Exhortatioun … to all … preistis … to be red and schawin be thame to the Christiane peple
1560 Rolland Seven S. 3710.
The empreour … schew to thame his greit infirmitie, How he was blind [etc.]
Ib. 6970.
His name and gude beiring … war schawin to the king
1567 Anderson Collect. Mary II 178.
Therle Bothweil … schew to the deponar the purpose of the kingis murther
a1578 Pitsc. I 197/35.
I will schew ȝou the veretie
1594 Highland P. I 182.
Shew ye ever to Glenurchye the names of such men?
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 773 (see 12 fig. above). c1600 Crim. Trials II 294.
He had not leive till schaw any of his attendantis his purpois
1650 Culross 235.
The minister shew to the session the prophane … carriages of some young men at the brydel
(2) ?14.. Ship Laws c. 27 (B).
[The master] aw to … schaw thaim that thai mon hew thair maste for saufte of the schyp
1460 Hay Alex. 1092.
Schaw thi maister, meissinger, That … He salbe seruit at his awin appetyte
1492 Myll Spect. 296/14.
I haif schawyn thé quhy the luf of … agit wemen is to be forborne
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 477.
‘Gif thow be Crist,’ thai said, ‘ws schaw planly’
1513 Doug. vii xiii 109. c1522 Id. in Doug. (Sm.) I p. xcviii.
That it mot plays yow to shaw me in quhat place and quhat tyme I sall cum to your grace
1535 Stewart 29390.
To schaw to thame quhat wes in his intent
1544 Aberd. B. Rec. I 210.
The four bailȝeis … exponit and schew to all the brostaris … that tha had broken the statutis
1565 Q. Mary in Misc. Maitl. C. III 180.
We … schew him our assurance thairin wes procedit of na lycht report
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 289.
My lord Seytoun … wes stopit be ane horsman … quha shew him that the haill power of Leith wes liand about for his slauchter
1576 Crim. Trials I ii 55.
Thom … schew hir … that the cowtir and sok wer lyand in his awin hous
c1580 in Bann. Memor. 337.
He … schew so money as abade in the hall what he hath hard
1588 St. A. Kirk S. 623.
Mr. Jhone schew to hir that sowth ryninand [sic] watter is best
?c1635 Black Bk. Taymouth xix.
I thoght good to wryt thir few lyns to yow to shawe yow that I am in good health
(b) 1400 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 44.
I schew it to yhour lordship be this my lettre that [etc.]
c1510 Prester John 310.
Sen it is schewyne tyll ws one ȝour name that [etc.]
1529 Reg. Morton I 1.
It is schewin till ws that our sister and ȝe thinkis to contract mariage … with Robert Maxwell
1534 Bamff Chart. 65.
1545 Liber Coll. Glasg. 224.
The Blakfreris … hes schevin to ws how thair convent [etc.]
1609 Crim. Trials II 577.
He than schewit vnto ws that [etc.]
1631 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XVIII 45.
(c) 1650 Laing MSS 251.
A friend … shuid us that the king was gane

c. With omission of direct object.(a) 1456 Hay I 268/26.
And quha that best witnes has and best schawis, for the maister beris the pris away
Id. Alex. 299.
Alexander said …, ‘Maister, thow seis sum thing thé amovis; I pray thé schaw me, as thow me louis’
1518 Aberd. Trades 306.
Thomas Levinginstoun [etc.] … flessaris … to shaw the laff of thair craft [etc.]
1535 Stewart 40574.
Ducke Richardis dochter wes of Normondy As I schew ȝow bot schort quhile syne goneby
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4096.
Nor neuer sall, I to thé schaw, Tyll that thay turne to Christis law
1560 Rolland Seven S. 252.
Quhill that ȝour grace will … schaw Ȝour graces will, quhen ȝe haue schawin vs to, That to fulfill our power we sall do
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 339.
Sen I haue twyse schawin ȝow, ather mon ȝe consent, or doe war
c1590 Fowler I 29/88.
For of this cumpanye thow shalbe evin one of thame I shaw
(b) ?1438 Alex. ii 2078.
Said Cassamus, ‘fare maydin fre, Sall I shew ȝow?’ — ‘ȝa, shir, parde’

d. With impersonal subject, const. indirect object and infinitive. c1515 Asl. MS I 203/9.
New worde come to the king that Henry the emprioure quhilk spousit Mald his douchter was deid and schew till hire fader till fetche hire out of Normondye

e. To make known to a priest by auricular confession; to make (confession); to admit. Also with furth. c1460 Consail Vys Man 442.
Gyf thow has ony foleis done, Schaw to the prest and mend it soune
1490 Irland Mir. III 56/24.
He suld nocht diuide his confessioun, schawand part of his synnis to a confessour and vthir part to ane vthir
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 13/13.
Mak confessioun … With all thi synnis into thi mynde presente That every syn ma be the selfe be schawin
Ib. 13/19.
Rycht sua thi schrift bot it be schawin weill
Id. Tua Mar. W. 251.
I schaw ȝow sisteris in schrift I wes a schrew evir
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 13/32.
Gif thou can not schaw furth thi synnes perqueir
Ib. 14/56.

f. To make known by revelation, to forewarn of (a future event), to foretell. 1375 Barb. iv 639.
I sall ȝow schaw Off ȝour fortoun a gret party … For … nane … Wate thingis to cum sa weill as I
a1400 Leg. S. xvii 137.
Sone schawyt God hyre but les, Eftyre a ȝere that scho suld cese
Ib. xviii 1056.
Blissit Thu be That has deygnit to schaw me Quhat reward … Thu gyfis to thame that vil Thé dred
1490 Irland Mir. I 138/15.
It that the angell schew to hir in hire eir and mynd
1513 Doug. iii vi 168.
The godly prophetes … that schawis expres The reuelationys and fatis fortocum
Ib. 199 (see 19 (3) below). Ib. vi xiii heading.
Anchises schawis Eneas … the lynage sal fra hym discend
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1303.
[He] schew on tyll his seruand Noye That he wald all the warld distroye
Ib. 5267.
To God allone the day bene knawin, Quhilk neuer was to none angell schawin
1563 Reg. Privy C. I 250.
Quhilkis the said priour knew and schew wes to be, albeit the quenis grace wald nocht beleif quhill the deid selff presentlie previs
a1568 Bann. MS 28a/9.
First be the prophetis it wes schawin To ws Lord of thy cuming heir
1595 Duncan App. Etym.
A sangster; a singing foule shewing things to come
1604-31 Craig ii 111.
The wisemen … shew that Paris should destroy … faire Ilion

g. To schaw (furth) (one's, also another's) mind, to reveal one's (his) thoughts, intentions, etc. (to (befoir) another, or const. indirect object).(1) 1501 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 404.
The said lord sal shaw him his mind theranent betwix this and Yule
1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 49.
I hef me lord of Glencarnes maynd to schaw yowr grays
?1549 Ib. 303.
I have schawin him my haill mynd
1559 Knox I 395.
This beirar … will schaw yow the fervent mynd we beir to have concord with the said congregatioun
1560 Rolland Seven S. 10213.
I will ȝow schaw the inwart of my minde
1570 Bann. Memor. 44.
Our forebearing to schaw our mynd thairin
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 31.
Schawand thair wickit mynd to hir be unreverent langaige
1576 Waus Corr. 125.
I haif instructit this berar to schaw yow my mynd
1560 Rolland Seven S. 10044.
Schaw furth ȝour minde gif it ȝow pleis
1567 G. Ball. 95.
Schaw furth befoir the Lord thy mynde & will
(b) 1547 Douglas Corr. 169.
As twysching our meting … I hawe schevin my mynd in that behalfe to ȝour servand, Thomas Carltone
(2) 1567 G. Ball. 61.
Thow lytill bill … schaw my mynde … Till thame that will repent

h. To schaw the word (of God or Christ), to preach the gospel. Also, to schaw (the word of) lyfe. —(1) 1551 Hamilton Cat. 7.
Quhen thair cummis na precheour to tham to schaw thame the word of God
1567 G. Ball. 23.
Trew preicheouris to me send Thy word to schaw me cleir
Ib. 183.
Trew preichouris war forbidden all To schaw the word of Jesus Christ
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 318/29.
Mony ar Godis word will schaw That [etc.]
(2) 1622-6 Bisset II 356/8.
I will send thé ane of my disciplis quhilk sall … schaw lyfe unto thé
Ib. 357/1.
He … schewe the worde of lyfe

i. To let (one's voice) be heard. 1513 Doug. ii xii 17.
I … sa bald wolx thair That I durst schaw my voce in the dyrk nycht, And … cry fast throu the stretis on hycht …, ‘Crevsa!’

19. To teach, instruct (a person) to do (something), or how (on quhat wys) to do (something) or (something) might be done. Also without construction.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xviii 1221.
To Cryste be honoure That be this woman has me schavit [: lawit]
1494 Loutfut MS 8b.
Thair is mony herauldis that can nocht schaw no beris [Lindsay MS nor beir] the pursewantis for caus thai haue … denȝit nocht to lere at auld kingis of armes
(2) c1420 Bute MS fol. 141.
And as the gude courte schawys hym to do
1567 G. Ball. 61.
Thow lytill bill, … Thow schaw thame till Beleue in Christ
a1586 Lindsay MS 64.
For to be ane … carpentar him behuffit that he haue ane maister than [sic] can schaw him to … hewe
(b) c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. iii 7.
Quha schewit to you to fle fra ire that is to cum?
Id. Luke iii 7.(3) 1490 Irland Mir. III 161/3.
I will mak epilogacioun in schort of mony thingis … and schaw how a king or prince suld haue him anens his counsall
1513 Doug. iii vi 199.
The batellis fortocum scho wil thé schaw, And on quhat wys al dangeir thou sal withdraw
1533 Boece 383b.
Ageit men schew how eild aucht be honorit
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 346.
Schaw me … Quhow I may leif most plesandlye To serue my God
c1554 Makeson Genesis fol. 6.
The angel … schew hir [sc. Agar] how the barne suld helpit be

b. To tell (a person) what to do. 1524 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 218.
Gif firme credence … to our … justice clerk … and that ye do as he sall thairin schaw yow in our name

c. To guide, or direct, (fish) (to go in a certain direction). 1539 Aberd. B. Rec. I 163.
The fyscheris of Futy … hed syndrie tymes schewit the fysche to cum to thair vattir of Done in the auld vatter gang

20. To describe, or give an account of (a thing, also a person) (to another, also with indirect object). Also absol.(a) c1420 Wynt. ii 1293.
Scho … schawyde tylle hym hyr malady
1460 Hay Alex. 3045.
He callit his counsell and schew thame the visioun
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 1260.
The heuinlie blis … I micht not schaw thocht I had toungis ten
1529 Lynd. Complaynt 292.
I haue no tyme … To schaw ȝow all the fery fary
1531 Bell. Boece (M) II 141.
Ane nobill man Gawyne Dunbar, quhais grauite of maneris … may nocht be schawin at this tyme
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus ii 356.
We will him schaw sum thingis terribill Him for to fle fra sic infectioun
15.. Clar. iii 2148.
Schawing everie deill Thair grit infortoun and adversitie
Ib. v 2616.
This lord apairt [syne] went with him … And schew at lenth … The pleasant cheir of the triumphall feist
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 160/25.
Oure salueour … schew nocht be his worde the cerimoniis and maner how thais thingis suld be vsit, bot referrit to his kirk
1562-3 Winȝet I 12/8.
Thre … ydolis … of the quhilkis ane we haue schawin, the monstruus ydoll of auarice
c1590 J. Stewart 67/71.
I laik the loir To schaw at lenth his martiall commend
1604 Dundonald Par. Rec. 57.
Heiring … that he ves ane expert leich scho … schev to him the maner of hir diseas
(b) a1500 Lanc. 386.
O clerk, to whome that al his hewynes … shewith he expres
a1500 Quare Jel. 533.
O nyce foole thine owin harm for to schewe
c1515 Asl. MS I 302/7.
I schewe bot the most notable [sc. people, persons] of euery age
(c) 1611-57 Mure Early Misc. P. xx 19.
Quhen thy auntcestors passiouns I have schowne, … Great Charles Ile sing thyne owne
absol. c1450-2 Howlat 944 (A).
Ilk fowle tuke the flicht schortly to schawin Held hame to thar hant

21. To announce, declare, relate, tell, say (a story, saying, text, item of news, order, etc.). Also with furth.Also const. clause object, or object and infin. with ellipsis of to be.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xvi 902.
To Sancte Maxymyne Thu schaw myn message
c1420 Wynt. iii 34.
Hys charge, quhill that he suld schawe
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 84.
In wysmanis face the wyt flwrys The mouth schawis wysdome of the vys His lyppis honorys sciens ay With mychtty spech full of gud fay
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2717.
Fals peruerteris of the lawis … Lettand that all wer gospell that he schawis
a1500 Seven S. 363.
For this ensample thow has schawin My son sall be hangit
1492 Myll Spect. 277/10.
Sen ȝe haif schavvin vnto me sa mony wys dictis or sayingis
1535 Stewart 11115.
The herauld … schew till him … the text of all this taill
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1591.
To schaw this storie miserabyll At lenth my wyttis ar nocht abyll
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2258.
Schaw me that tale & blyithlie I sal heir ȝow
1567–8 Q. Mary in Facs. Nat. MSS III lvii.
Mi lord Flimin wl schaw you all neus
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. in Cath. Tr. (STS) 102/11.
Sum of thaime scheu thair ansuer to thair general assemblie
1640 Laing MSS 205.
The particular ordoris for the tyme and place of rendevous is to be schawin be your countie
(b) 1533 Boece 188b.
The Morave with haisty iournais sped him to the king to schewe the hethingfull ansuere of the witche
1559 Admir. Ct. Bk. (St. S.) 97.
Ony uthir allegeit pronunciatioun … in this caus that is nocht schewin nor tuke nevir effect
a1578 Pitsc. I 141/5.
Ambassadouris came … schewand the wictorie quhilk [etc.]
(c) a1500 Sir Eger 1786.
Or stand and show your charge without
(2) 1529 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 98.
Thome Almus personaly present in plane court schew opynly that he wauld nocht persew nor follow Jhone Hog
1548 Misc. Bann. C. III 410.
It is schawin to me that my Lord of Lenox suldbe miscontentit with Mr. Steward
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 204.
Thair wes ane preist brocht befoir him … schawand that he wes desyrit to cum and heir the confessioun of ane Johne Hamiltoun
1580 Hay in Cath. Tr. (STS) 33/26.
Efter that I hade conferred with thame I schew planelie that I was contente to giwe reason of my faythe
1587 Warrender P. (SHS) II 36.
Returning the nixt day, he schew that he had spoken the king but not at lysure
c1600 Montg. Suppl. ix 67.
For sindrie tymes I schew [ȝe] plane Thair was na mayis
1603 Moysie 59.
Thaire come a poist … schaving that the executioun wes continowit
1669 Meikle Old Session Bk. 13.
The bishop … did writt to the moderator a letter shawing that he had cawsed serve ane edict [etc.]
1670 Dunkeld Presb. II 81.
The minister, shawing that the nixt Sabbath was to be the first Communion day, did publictlie desire [etc.]
(3) 1531 Bell. Boece I 55.
Thay schew thaim be opin proclamation nocht assemblit to invaid the king bot onlie to punis his vicious … counsalouris
Id. Livy I 51/34.
Schortlie thai schew thame cummyn to desire redres of the gudis tane be Romanis
Ib. 66/24.
Howbeit I dissimillit, schewing sic thingis done be my counsale
(4) c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iii 544.
How beit ȝe haif schawin furth ane small legent [etc.]

b. To utter (words). a1500 Lanc. 2652.
Togiddir al his cumpany he drew, And confortable wordis to them schew
1513 Doug. xiii iii 38.
From hys hart ruyt … The kyng Latyn begouth thir wordis schaw

22. To schaw (to (before) a person) of (a person or thing), to inform of or about; to tell of. Also const. indirect object or with omission of to. Cf. 29 below. Also impers.(a) c1475 Wall. iii 319.
He schew thaim of hys deide
1533 Gau 41/19.
Jesus Christ schew … to his disciplis off His halie passione
1535 Stewart 11189.
Wes schawin him be ane spy, Of mony Scott wes neir hand buskit by
Ib. 26983. c1540 Lynd. Kitteis Conf. 45.
He schew me nocht of Goddis word
1540 Id. Sat. 606 (Ch.).
I sall schaw ȝow of my newis
c1552 Id. Mon. 2743.
Now haif I schawin to thé Off the beildyng of Nyniue
1574 Reg. Privy C. II 410.
All … personis that will cum, reveill and schaw of the … awaytakaris of the said gold
1596 Dalr. II 313/19.
Be messingeris and lettres he shewe the gouernour of all
1598 St. A. Baxter Bks. 63.
Quhat maister sall nocht shaw and aduerteis his servand of thair dewitie [etc.]
1624 Hist. Carnegies 87.
I hawe thoucht gud to schaw ȝowr lordship of my hearcumming
1627 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II 11 April.
As also to schaw thame of … vagabondis gangand vp & doun throiche this presbetry
1652 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII 283.
Johne Dicke … shew them of his wey of taking the saids halls wes [etc.]
(b) a1500 Sir Eger 1972.
I will … show to them of all the case
1576 Orkney Oppress. 67.
And immediatlie thairefter he perseivand that it was the vicaris lamb, schow him thairoff
impers. c1475 Wall. v 443.
Alexander the fers at Berweik maid him knycht Quhar schawyn wes off battaill till haif beyne Betuex [etc.]

23. To put forward (a plea, allegation, etc.); to state, plead or allege. Also, to schaw furth.Chiefly in legal contexts.Common in the formula to mene and schaw (freq., it is menit and schawin). In active, usu. with inversion of subject and verb.(1) 1425 Liber Melros 544.
The sayd parteis … schawand and pretendand thair rychtis and clamys on ilke syde
c1450-2 Howlat 268 (A).
Mony allegiance … Off Arestotill and ald men scharplie thai schewe
1467 Newburgh B. Ct. fol. 31a.
Qwyl he schavth a rausnablyl caws qwhy he declynyt hys balȝe
1474 Acta Aud. 33/2.
Ay & quhill … William schew sum thing to ber it lauchfully fra thaim
Ib. 34/2.
Lettres to summond witnes to profe sic allegiance as thai schew before the lordis
1488–9 Acta Conc. I 103/1.
The said erle … schew na ressonable caus quhy he aucht nocht to lat thaim to borghe
1508 Aberd. B. Rec. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 137.
Without ressonable caus schawin & proponit to the prouoist
1514 Facs. Nat. MSS III xi.
Thomas Adamson … proponit allegiit and schew resonabill causis
1519 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 51.
That said Thomas … to schaw ane retionabyll caus quhi it [sc. the house] aucht nocht to be reid
1561–2 St. A. Kirk S. 143.
And bannis proclamit betuix tham … na impediment schawyn nor knawyn to stop
1562-3 Winȝet I 20/7.
Giue ȝe [sc. John Knox] haue na mair testimonie for ȝour lauchfull vocatioun immediat than ȝe haue schawin
a1568 Bann. MS I p. 37/96.
Say weill but do weill is nocht wirth ane haw For ȝow to schaw in iugement
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 905 (W).
Hope and Currage did … Schaw skills and wills occasion quhy That Danger lap the dike
(b) 1389 Reg. Cambuskenneth 260.
The playntis till ws schewit of baith the partiis, … we … determit as eftir followis
1471 Acta Aud. 12/2.
And als that the lord Lile be warnit to be at the samyn day to schew his part sen he was justice
1483 Ib. 110/2.
Thair … allegaciouns sene, herd, & vnderstandin … & the lawis schewin be him [sc. the party] theruppoun interpret & vnderstandin
(2) 1473 Perth Guildry MS p. 81 (15 Nov.).
James Broune … schaw in presens of tham & maid gud faith that he had laichfully sald … hys fa land
1488 Prot. Bk. J. Young 27.
Her I … schauis to you, sir balye, … at this land [etc.]
1491 Acta Conc. I 199/2. 1493–4 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 48.
The forsaid spekar schavand in jugisment of hir behalf scho was compellit … throv aw of hir forsaid husband
1522 Acta Conc. MS XXXIII 48.
My lord chancellar schawand that sen the abbacy of Dunfermling pertenit to him be lettrez of commendatioun … [protested that, etc.]
1531 Wigtown B. Ct. fol. 255b.
Patte Mccullach … schev quhar his fadyr cavsyt hym to geif ovre his rycht
1561 in Exch. R. XIX 475.
Alexander Stewart … schew and declarit that he hes takin up [etc.]
1619 Crim. Trials III 471.
Lykas my lord aduocat is nocht hable to schaw quhair this exceptioune, being proponit, was repellit
1641 Kirkcudbr. Min. Bk. 156.
Schawing that they bothe … did kythe thameselffes enemeis to the gude caus in hand, in verbo et facto
1662 Banff Ann. I 146.
Mr. Alexander Seatoun, minister, … sheve and declaired that there is 100 merks mortified money in the handis of the airis of [etc.]
1525 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 76.
That the alderman … vesye the common for it is schawyne that it is brokyn in divers partes
1525 Yester Wr. in E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. V 30.
That it is complenit and schawine to the said officiall … that … sonnys of iniquite … hydys fra hym certane … charteris
?a1640 Copie of a Baron's Court (1821) 26.
Let it be shawen Unto the court, what thou art justly awen
(b) 1511 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 133.
The fermorairis of the petie customes of the toun schewand thai ar greitlie hurt be the nychtbouris at the ovir trone of woll [etc.]
1584 Gowrie P. 32.
The advocat … shewed that the lords and others whome he named had not power to promise life to him
1589 Perth Kirk S. in J. P. Lawson The Book of Perth 192.
Elspith Aitken … shewed that her daughter … was lightered of ane bairn
(3) 14.. Reg. Maj. c. 1.
Bot thyft be inditment furth schawyn … aw to be determyt befor the iustice be ane assise of the court
(4) 1526 Reg. Soltre 93.
We prowest prebendaris [etc.] … of the Trinite College … menis exponis and schawis to yhour masterschippis that howbeit [etc.]
1533–4 Crim. Trials I i 166.
My lordis of counsale, vnto ȝour lordships humelie menis and schawis we ȝour seruitouris … that [etc.]
1539 Aberd. B. Rec. I 160.
My lord prowest, balȝes [etc.] … on to your m[aiestie] humely menis and schawis we Waltir Hay and Thomas Scherar … that [etc.]
1545 Exch. R. XVIII 507 n.
Unto your lordschippis humlie menis and schawis I your servitour … that [etc.]
1559–60 St. A. Kirk S. 19. 1628 Justiciary Cases I 90.
My lordis of secreit counsall unto ȝour lordships humlie meanis and schawis we ȝour seruitour … that [etc.]
1629 Ib. 141.
Unto ȝour lordships humblie meanis and schawis I ȝour seruitour James Crauford in Corstorphin that [etc.]
1567 Grey Friars II 53.
Forsamekle as it is humilie menit and schawin to ws be oure lovit pouer servitour and oratour … that [etc.]
1590 Aberd. Council Lett. I 50. 1614 Fraser P. 116.
1672 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 126 (24 Feb.).
Forswaemeikle as it is humblie meaned and shauen to us be oure lovits Major James Maxwell … John Broune [etc.]
1679 Ib. No. 280 (1 Jan.).(b) 1533 Edinb. B. Rec. II 61.
Vnto your richt honorabill discretionis humlie menis and schewis the kirkmaisteris [etc.] … that [etc.]
1559–60 Soc. Ant. XI 520.
Vnto your lordschips humlie menis and schewis William bischop of Dumblane that [etc.]
1509 Soc. Ant. LXXXIX 453.
Forsamekill as it is humely menit, schewin and complenit to ws be oure liegis [etc.]
1518 Glenartney Doc. 1522 Fife Sheriff Ct. 175.
Ib. 274.
1533 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 96.
(c) 1655 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 152.
In name of … the said burgh … meanes and schowes that [etc.]
1533 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 96.
Forsaymekill as it is hwmely menit and shovin tyll vs be our louit Geles Wemys … that [etc.]
1679 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 297.
As it is humblie menit and shoune to me … be [etc.] … that [etc.]

24. To decree, declare authoritatively. Also absol. 1488 Crim. Trials I i 8.
This court of parliament schewis for law, and I gif for dome, that [etc.]
1502 Ib. 30.
This court schawis for law that forsamekill as Robert Oliuer [etc.] … has committit diverse reiffis [etc.]
1509 Rec. Earld. Orkney 84.
The quhilkis persons bure, swere and schew ilk penny land, inskyft and towmal be it self of the fyff d. land [etc.]
1540 Aberd. B. Rec. I 171.
The court wardis and schawis for law, and it wes gewine for dome, that [etc.]
c1590 Fowler I 279/128.
A judge Alreddie hes condemned me and sentence shawen
absol. 1546 Treas. Acc. IX 22.
As the said Williames compte ellis harde and sowmit be ȝoure lordschip heir present to schaw beris

25. To prove or demonstrate (by argument, evidence, examples, etc.); to establish as a fact; to argue conclusively. Also reflex.Const. noun clause object, simple object, or object and infin. (in passive, with ellipsis of to be).Quot. Fowler I 285/17 perhaps shows some confusion with 7 above.(1) a1400 Leg. S. v 103.
Cratone … scheu hym be skillis thre, That his lar suld condamnyt be
1456 Hay I 20/2.
And be that he schawis that the will of the fader and of the sone is bath ane
a1500 Henr. Fab. 247.
I sall ȝow schaw be trewe experience My Gude Friday is better nor ȝour Pace
c1515 Asl. MS I 198/13.
As for to schaw that ȝe liffit nocht ay wnder a god ȝe haf twys errit sen [etc.]
1513 Doug. i Prol. 425.
Virgill schawys Ene dyd na thing … Bot quhilk the goddis commandit hym beforn
1515 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 163.
Thai haif the coquet to schaw that thai haue payit thair dewteis and custome
1517 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 42.
To schaw he has it in annuel rent of the heretor
1533 Bell. Livy II 72/13.
Quhen ilk man had schawin that in his agit mynde was more wisdome … than amang all the laif [etc.]
1579 Athole Mun. I No. 90.
He … declaris tha[t] he can not schaw quhether it wes exteriour or interiour growin within the body
1580 Hay in Cath. Tr. 58/14.
That thay haiff nocht schavin cleirlie and wndouttedlie that … Christ is come of the seid of David
1573-1600 Burne Disput. in Cath. Tr. 142/20.
Schau me that efter S. Augustinis dayes onie thing hes bene changit
Ib. (1581) 122b.
Ve schau hou that the kingdome of Christ … hes incresced vnto thir days
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 61/5.
I sheu hou a tiranne uoulde enter lyke a sainte quhill he fande him self fast onder futte
1619 Garden Elphinstoun 1287.
Togidder shawing thair That princes great sould be With measour meek and mercifull
(b) 1513 Doug. i Prol. 214.
Bot at syk thyngis ar possibill this I schew
c1520-c1535 Nisbet I 10.
And (by the exampill of the Samaritanne) schewithe quha is ani manns nechboure
16.. Abercrummie in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 15.
Knockdolian Hill, the seat of the McKubbens about which is shewen what art and industrie can doe to render a place … very pleasant
c1590 Fowler I 285/117.
This lyfe be lyflye faith Which be effects may schew it self thow tradst a rightlye paith
(2) 1496 Acta Conc. II 19.
It was schawing be the saide Wilȝeame be ane instrument quhilk bure that [etc.]
a1568 Bell. Bann. MS 3b/160.
Baith hevin and erd ar insufficient To schaw thy wit and gloir inestimable
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus ii 646.
Gif he was clene, [let him] thair schaw his innocence
a1568 Scott i 193.
Giffe sawis be suth to schaw thy celsitude
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 52.
And to schaw hir thair greit power send ane roll of the lordis of thair syde
a1578 Pitsc. I 161/32.
Quhow he was drownit the certentie was nocht schawin
1573-1600 Burne Disput. in Cath. Tr. 142/26.
Ye vil bleir out al your eis or euer ye can be abil to schau onie sik thing
1594 Misc. Spald. C. II 125.
Ane greit soume of gold quhilk culd nocht be your awin, ye being ane puir man haiffing onlie ane croft of land of fyve shillings schawing and vsing na vther honest traid to won your living
1602 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 1.
Sinnie Magnusdochter … decernit to quyt hirselff with the laricht aithe of the bleiding of Mareoun … of liklines that the bluid wes schawin to Mathow Foster
?c1675 J. Gordon Hist. III 62.
The moderator closed the Assembly with a long speeche, wherin he shwed Gods justice
(3) 1562-3 Winȝet II 5/8.
Gif the trew citienaris … war recouncelit … be sik meanis as we scheu Nehemias to hef bene
1611-57 Mure Early Misc. P. i 131.
By sophistrie he schaues Loues honny to be gall
14.. Reg. Maj. c. 121.
The mutis forsuth in thingis gangand befor exponyt sum ar forsuth schawyn fra the propirte of the thingis
1531 Bell. Boece I 1.
The Scottis, desirand to schaw thair beginning richt anciant, schawis thame, be this present historie, discendit of the Grekis [etc.]
1562-3 Winȝet I 18/5.
Sen ȝe haif harpit sa lang on that ane string, … we exhorte ȝow to schaw it iustlie toneit or ȝe leif it
(4) 1531 Bell. Boece (M) I 42.
Ansuer was gevin be Britonis, schewing thame neuer inhantid with sik corruppit dedis
?1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 226.
Onderson, the quhelk hes schowd hym chend to me be your masterschip wryten
1587 St. A. Kirk S. xcix.

b. With the ‘evidence’ as subject. a1400 Leg. S. xl 237.
His clething scheu he was meke
1456 Hay II 162/9.
For evermare the messingere schawis the wisdome of his maister that sendis him. For … fulis sendis fulis [etc.]
1561 Knox in Facs. Nat. MSS III xlv.
Experience since hath schawen that I am not desirus of innouations
a1570-86 R. Hudson Maitl. F. 448/1.
Thy surname Maitland schawis thy ancient raice
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 16.
The deuyser of that dissimulatioun thocht nathing les, as the succes schawit
c1590 Fowler I 311/24.
As the glainers emptie lapp Do shaw the barren land
1611-57 Mure Early Misc. P. viii 10.
Since all thy pairts sum special grace Decoris to schau thy heavinly race
a1561 Norvell Meroure 23a.
My sayinges vndiscreit … me forthe shawe to be an hypocreit
1568 Skeyne Descr. Pest 12.
Thair is mony notis quhilkis schauis ane man infectit be pest

26. Of a book or writing, in various of the above senses 18–25.With simple, also double, object.(1) 1375 Barb. i 566.
The endentur till him gaf he That soune schawit the iniquite
1460 Hay Alex. 2055.
This buk schawis nocht allanerlie … worthie deidis … Bot schawis the wayis of virtue
1490 Irland Mir. III 14/12.
And that he schawis in the posteriorum and in the proheme of methaphesik
1492 Myll Spect. 272/31.
This buk … callit the spectakle of luf … schawis sum evillis & myshappis that cummys to men thairthrow
1531 Bell. Boece I Contents iii.
The proheme … schawand … the contentis and maist notable thingis in this buke
Ib. xcviii.
The names of all Scottis kingis … schawand brevely in quhat buke, chapitoure and leif … thair livis … sal be esaly foundin
1532 Treas. Acc. VI 99.
Lettres to the King of Ingland, schewand the complaynt of oure bordouris apoune the Inglismen
1533 Bell. Livy II 191/3.
Come laureat lettres fra Posthvmeus schawing all this victorie
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 113.
For nothing ellis, the text it schewis plane, Bot to sustene of Hellis fyre the pane
1570 Sat. P. xxii 104.
This bill … It schawis hir dew commendis, But fauour or ȝit feid
1577 Menzies MSS in 6th Rep. Hist. MSS App. 697/1.
[A letter] shawing that ȝe ar evill handillit betuix the Campbellis and the Erll of Athole
1622-6 Bisset I 171/20.
Gif … the warrand declair and schaw ane relevant exceptioun quhairby [etc.]
1631 Kirkcaldy Presb. 30.
Ane indorsat sowmonds schaweing that Agnes Grig was sowmonit … to compeir
1651 Inverness Rec. II 205.
1658 Dumbarton B. Rec. 76.
The grievance gevin in … schawing that the allowance of 5sh ilk weik for ilk man is not sufficient
1658 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 176.
The supplicatioune … schoweing that he haid bein doctour in John Broune, scooll maister, his scooll
1669 Ib. 254.
The petitione … shewing that they ware of intentione as he was informeit
1690 Acts IX 211/1.
The supplication … shewing the petitioners … haveing for severall generations bypast been kindly tennents
1698 Glasgow B. Rec. IV 258.
Ane supplication … shewing that he was setting up his worklooms for working of fyne damask stuffs
(2) 1375 Barb. iv 261.
This is the sentence off this saw That the Latyn gan hyr schaw
1490 Irland Mir. I 32/20.
The first [word (i.e. qui)] schawis ws his larges and liberalite
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1616.
This story geue thow lyste to knaw At lenth the bibyll sall thé schaw
1562-92 Wode's Psalter (ed.) 191.
This buke will shaw you sum resons quhy
1650 Anal. Scot. I 364.
An letter … schouing his lordship that [etc.]

27. Of non-material things: To be the cause, or means, of revealing, or of a person's apprehending, something. Also, to showe furth. Also const. noun clause.(1) 1375 Barb. i 8.
The tother [supra plesance is] the suthfastnes That schawys the thing rycht as it wes
Ib. vi 364.
His wyt schawyt him the strait entre Off the furd
1456 Hay II 108/13.
Mony othir thingis that naturale philosophy schew hir clerely
1513 Doug. iv viii 52.
Quhill that my frawart forton and estait Of my beleve schaw me I am frustrait
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 114/30.
The circumstance of the text schawis the caus quhairfor [etc.]
a1570-86 Arbuthnot Maitl. F. 59/129.
Trowble dois schaw the stait that we ar in And dois declair our imbecilitie
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 32/7.
The ground of the [Old Testament] … is the law quhilke shauis oure sinne & conteinis iustice
(2) 1581-1623 James VI Poems II 49/32.
Thou deape [etc.] … His praise furth showe
(3) 1456 Hay I 138/29.
Resoun naturale schawis us that it aw nocht tobe
1513 Doug. iii v 22.
Tythingis … Come to our erys, schawyng that Helenus … Rang kyng our mony citeis

28. Common, in various of the above senses 1827, in parenthetical sentences introduced by as.In passive, freq. without specification of agent.(1) 1424 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 14.
As the said maister Alexander has plaineli schawit til vs
1460–88 Facs. Nat. MSS II lxxvi.
Like as he has schewin now of late mare at lenth to the ambaxatouris
1490 Irland Mir. I 48/27.
As I haue schewin at lenth in the buk
14.. Edinb. Univ. MS La. ii 318.
As Sant Jerome schawis & tellis
c1525 Wemyss Corr. 67.
I thynk neuer to gang fra your gait, as my brwthyr sone can schaw you
1545 Acts & Decr. II 31.
As is schewin to ws be auld wis & cunnyng men
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 3596.
As I haue schawin to thé affore
1555 Edinb. B. Rec. II 224.
For diuers caussis as we sall schaw yow
1558 Q. Kennedy Tractive 134.
As I schew thé of before
1562-3 Winȝet I 21/9.
As we sumpart schew in our laste wrytting
a1578 Pitsc. I 152/2.
Wnhapelie slaine … as we haue schawin
Ib. 356/6. 1598 James VI Basil. Doron iii/3.
As I sheu [1599, 1603 shewed] before
Id. Poems I 50/142.
The whilks (as I already shew) Was [etc.]
Ib. 79/20.
As I shewe ȝow in the preface
1638 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 50.
(2) 1456 Hay I 1/10.
Thare salbe foure partis efter as the rubryis schawis
1483 Acta Aud. *113/1.
As was oppinly schewin be our soueran lordis lettrez execut & indorsit attentikly
1488 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 10.
The said balye deliuerit … possessione be erd and stane wytht ane inpenne as laucht of burchg schew
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 585 (Asl.).
As scriptour schawis in sentens [etc.]
1500 Acta Conc. II 474.
With power to win and tyne as the law schawis
1507 Prot. Bk. J. Young 388.
[That each gable pertained half to each adjoining proprietor] as the charter bowell and the lynyng corse maid betuix the said landis of befor schawis
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 272.
As the carnicle schawis
1531 Bell. Boece (M) I 25.
As ther versis schewis
Id. Livy I 2/27.
As the storie schawis
1533 Gau 61/12.
As Christis wordis quhilk folwis schawis manifestlie, and the portis of hel sal noth preuail aganis it
1540 Lynd. Sat. 3016.
As halie scriptour schawis plane
1551 Hamilton Cat. 66.
As experiens schawis us, we are all [etc.]
a1578 Pitsc. I 7/9.
As eftirwart this buik will schaw ȝow plaine
1638 Sc. N. & Q. 1 Ser. XII 45.
As his testimonial schew wretin at Knokfraigous
(3) 1473 Treas. Acc. I 13.
For his superexpensis of his last compt as schewit in the fute of it
a1500 Colk. Sow iii 82.
For … reward Him to remembir, as schawit is eftirward
1513 Doug. iv ix 20.
Thar dwellys, systir, as it is schaw [Ruddim. schewin] to me, Ane haly nun
1544 Sel. MSS Q. Mary 13.
And es it is shawene me the cardinall is byddene still in Edinburghte
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 3773. 1598 Black Bk. Taymouth 21.
As in the awin place salbe schawin
c1616 Hume Orthog. 7.
The voual is judged be the sound, as shal be shaued hereafter

VI. intr. 29. To schaw of, to tell, give an account, of. Cf. 22 above.Also with a writing as subject.(1) a1400 Leg. S. x 1.
Now here eftyre will I schaw Of the apostil Sanct Mathew
c1475 Wall. xi 1189.
Me nedis heroff na forthyr for till schaw
1535 Stewart 36449.
This Culenus, of quhome befoir I schew [etc.]
Ib. 41783. 1546 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 551.
George erle of Rothes … schew of the murmur of the odius slauchtir of … my lord cardinale
(2) c1515 Asl. MS I 197/3.
Ane tractact … schawand of thar kingis part of thar ewill & cursit governance
1650 Hossack Kirkwall 252.
Ane letter … shauing off the agriement betwix his majestie and the comissioners and that his majestie wes cum home

30. To be, or become, visible; to be revealed, displayed or evidenced (in or on something). 1375 Barb. viii 217 (E).
The sone wes ryssyn schynand brycht That schawyt [C. blenknyt] on the scheldis brade
1460 Hay Alex. 1864.
He bare lyk armes of Arigone Palit ȝallow and red as schawis in his blasone
c1475 Wall. xi 1254.
Quhar he [sc. a spirit] apperyt, thar schawyt sa mekill lycht, Lyk till lawntryns it illumynyt so cler
1490 Irland Mir. I 159/2.
And mony vthire gret merwalis ware schawande
1491 Treas. Acc. I 196.
Diuers sowmis … that ar vntakin vp be him and awand, quhilkis he is chargeit with, that schawis at lenth on the tothir syde nixt folowand
1492 Myll Spect. 272/31.
As the … [sp]ottis of the face schawis in the myrrour of glas
1535 Stewart 22442.
Baillis tha brint … Quhill reik and low ouir all the land it schew
Ib. 50120.
Baith helme and habrik wes of hevenlie hew, Lyke schynand siluer ouir the schaw that schew
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 312 (W).
Quhais schaddowes in the river schew

b. Of a non-material thing: To be manifested (by words, deeds, omens, etc.). Also, to schaw furth. 1375 Barb. iv 121.
For the pomp oft the prid furth schawis
1460 Hay Alex. 305.
May it be fals that schawis by the stern
c1460 Wisd. Sol. (STS) 385.
Vysdome schawis nocht in wordis bot in dedis
1581-1623 James VI Poems I 50/149.
In them as sone the awin effects did shaw

c. intr. for reflex. Of a person: To reveal oneself; to appear. c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. xi 27.
Nouthir ony man knew the fader bot the sonn and to quham the sonn wald schaw

31. With adjective or participial complement: To appear (as specified). a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi 645.
Lowing in-to kine wel scheuis, That is enhornit with gud thewis
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1718.
[The sea] now as hillis hie it schawis … That thai may se nocht bot the lift
Ib. 2828.
He thocht that he one figure saw Of ȝong forme & richt faire gan schawe
c1475 Wall. xi 528.
The son schawyt fayr and brycht
1513 Doug. vii Prol. 133.
I Persauyt … Branchis bratlyng, and blaknyt schew the brays
1535 Stewart 19674.
Lyke brich[t] harnes into thair sicht it shew
1584-9 Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. Prov. No. 153.
Counterfait coinȝie scheweth more guidlie than the guide
c1590 J. Stewart 242 § 171.
Quhyt as snow his horie haris schew

32. impers. (It) schawis, it is, or may be, seen; it is evident or apparent. 1460 Hay Alex. 1101.
It schawis in thi visag That thow art cumin of sum nobill parage
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 328.
Sa schawis through [Ch. thow] thy deid
a1500 Seven S. 247.
Now schawis wele ȝour callit son is bot a devill
15.. Clar. i 1416.
It schew full weill that thay war of a blude
1570 Sat. P. x 405.
It schawis weill thou wes feit Be all that clan for to commit this tressoun
Ib. xiii 101.
As schawis weill be ȝour genalogie

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"Shaw v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 3 Dec 2022 <>



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