A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Stan(e, n. Also: stain(e, stayn(e, staan, staein, sten(e, stein(e, steyn(e, stean(e, stin(e, ston(e, stoin(e, stoan, stoune. Pl. also stanies, stanyis, stannis, stonns. [Early and north. ME stane (c1175-1411), stan (Orm), ME and e.m.E. ston (c1200), stone (Manning), stoon (Chaucer), stonne (1520), OE stán, ON stein.] A stone. Also in place and personal names. A, sik as we pronunce in stean, or the south in stain; Hume Orthog. 8.
Steinton; a1150 J. B. Johnston Place-names of Scotland (1972) s.v. Stenton.
Adam de Stanford; 1179–89 Reg. Paisley 89.
From Fairforde ascending to Staincros; 1165–1214 Liber Melros in Orig. Par. I 281.
Steinreise bech; 1194–1214 Annandale Fam. Bk. I 1.
Domino Willielmo flamatico de stanhus; 1214–49 Liber Melros 215.
Sic ascendendo usque ad Thirlestangate; 1214–49 Liber Melros 235.
Certam … supra quarta parte piscerie nostre de Stan Inche; 12… Liber Scon 54.
In territorio meo de Thirlestan; c1260 Liber Dryburgh 87.
Stanlaue; 13… Reg. Neubotle 22.
Willelmo de Gledstanes; 13… Liber Melros 429.
Thre pennylande of Stanbuster; 1466 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 391.
In thair courtis at the Stanehyve; 1600 Acts IV 246/2.
Act anent the burcht of Stenhyve in the Mernis; 1607 Acts IV 374.
Steanhous; 1666 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 2.
For dinner to myselfe … and Mr Da. Carmichaells, Stanebyres; 1705 Foulis Acc. Bk. 392.
Willelmus Thyrlstane; 1382–3 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 165.

I. 1. a. A stone, a small, freq. loose, piece or fragment of rock, a pebble, a piece of grit. Also pl., rubble, ballast. b. A rock, a large or massy piece of stone, freq. fixed in the ground. Also proverb. There is some overlap with sense 6. a., b. A litill stane … May ger weltir ane mekill wane; Barb. xi 24.
The corse … thai … lad … done one a stane; Leg. S. iv 264.
Thai … rest has tane In a hol cowe vnder a stane; Leg. S. xxiii 102.
Sa fast Ferrand than gart he ga That stanis and flagmontis flaw him fra; Alex. i 3146.
The erde, and the stanys Ar tharof … the banys; Wynt. ii 503 (C).
A gret stane … That for this kyngis sete wes made; Wynt. iii 1047.
He … has a balans … that weil may harbry al at anis Baith vind and wattir, erd & stanis; Ratis R. 1193.
Women at flytis … sal be led to the four yetis of the town with the seriandis hyngand on thar schowder ij stanys in a irne chenya; 1471 Peebles B. Rec. I 167.
Small sandy stanys; Seven S. 2019.
Gif all the licht of the son and the heit of it strik apone a stane quhar thair is ane drope of watter, it sone dryis it; Irland Asl. MS 60/10.
Stanys ranyt in Athole; Boece 155b.
Thai band ane brandreth of irne with mony grete stanys to his crag, and slang him in the wattir; Bell. Livy I 111/21.
He … thocht to haif wechst thame [sc. bed sheets] on ane stane; Wyf Awcht. 94.
Small stanis like peis, vpon hir heid thay kest, Maist like hailstanis; Rolland Seven S. 3311.
For xxj faddome of ane greitt tow to draw furth the stanis furth of the glar; 1563–4 Edinb. Old Acc. I 472.
Thay gnew doun with thair gomes mony grit stane; Gyre-carling 18.
Scrupus, vel scrupulus, a litle stane, a dowte; Duncan App. Etym.
Rich in fisch that brede amang stanes; Dalr. I 14/1.
The … claring the watter of Clyde of sandis, craig, stanis, [etc.]; 1608 Glasgow B. Rec. II 558.
(b) Heich … in Cragmor he maid it [sc. Macfadyen's head] for to stand Steild on a stayne for honour off Irland; Wall. vii 868.
For … clengeing of the hie streitt … of all maner of mwk … and fulȝie … , staynis and vtheris; 1505 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 105.
Scrupea, lapidosa (full of littell small staines); Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. vi 238.
Not bot shap and cullour ȝit we se … As stains and trees appeiring gray and grene; Montg. Misc. P. xxvi 5.
That he suffir na stainis nor ballest to be cassin out of boitis … in the wattir; 1605 Glasgow B. Rec. I 237.
To caus the fyscher boits … to be ballastet … with chyngill … and nocht with staynes; 1611 Conv. Burghs II 327.
James Arnott [etc.] … to haif done wrang the said James … in bigging and raysing ane fawld and … James Aynisly in gaddering and laying of staynes upoun the touns land; … and thairfore ordanis thame … to remove … thair said fawld and staynes; 1613 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 96.
Staines; 1643 Glasgow B. Rec. II 60.
It. for takeing downe staines [¥2]; 1678 Fawside Coal Compt 35.
Payed … for trilling out a staine; 1681 Sheriffhall Coal Accompt 24 Jan.
(c) A wise man, that has biggit his hous on a staan; Nisbet Matth. vii 24.
(d) Thair sall neither be dust or stones rye or any refus among the fearm greind; 1675 Forbes Baron Ct. 300.
Stons; 1678 Fawside Coal Compt 37.
Stoines; 1684 Fawside Coal Compt 138.
(e) Steynis; 1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I 93.
proverb. He is twise fain, that sits on a staine; Ferg. Prov. No. 364.
Spit on the stane, it will be wet at the last; Ferg. Prov. No. 746.
Seindle growis there fog on a flittand stane; Carmichael Prov. No. 1346.

c. In Orkney and Shetland: Fra the hiest stane (point) of (in) the hill to the lawest (stane) of (in) the eb, a formula used in the disposition of land to indicate extent. Fra the hiest stane of the hill to the lawest stane of the eb; 1488 Rec. Earld. Orkney 197.
Fra the hyest point of the hill to the laues stein off thye ebb; 1528 Soc. Ant. XXV 191.
Mr. Eduerd Synclar … fold of Zetland … sellis … fyve merkis land … fra the heast stane in the hil to the lawest in the eb; 1536 Soc. Ant. XVI 194.

d. A mass of rock, a rocky crag or hill. Quhil the famyl and ofspring of Enee The stane immovabill of the Capitolie Inhabitis; Doug. ix vii 174.
The schip that brak at Maii stoune; 1568 Crail B. Ct. MS 26 Oct.

e. coll. The ground. The vre thairof as it rynnis vpon the staines and ground ar of diuers cullouris; Skeyne Descr. Well Sig. A 3.
Lady Forbes … cam … to vesytt the corps … and seing him ly upoun the cold steanes [etc.]; Knox II 358.

f. As the type of something inanimate, without life, sense or intelligence. I … ma … Fle, quhen I will, and treis mak, And brede of harde stanis bake; Leg. S. i 274.
Sancte Machor … strak hym with his staif … And he … turnyt till a stane And in that schape sa standis he A ȝard stane; Leg. S. xxvii 870.
For I say to you, that God is mycheti to raise up of thir stanes the sonnis of Abraham; Nisbet Matth. iii 9.
Wald this vnkyndlie fruit haue the stomok movit maid of a stane! Lamb Resonyng 29/8.
The sees hes bene oppen, the clud hes convoyed theme, pr[a]yers poured water furth of stains, the heavens hes rayned manna; Fowler II 163/8.
Men soulde not lyke senceles staines contemne God in lichleing; James VI Basil. Doron 174/8.
O mightie God! quhilk for thy gloir, May animat the stains; Hume 15/114.
The Gorgon bot transformit men in sta[nis]; Montg. Sonn. lx 12.

2. Stone, the naturally occurring, hard, mineral substance (other than metal). Freq. of stone, consisting of stone. Also particular sorts of stone. (1) Makfadȝane fled … On till a cave, within a clyfft off stayne; Wall. vii 859.
Most the erth … as herbis stone or tre; Colk. Sow iii 23.
The noyse dinlit baith aird and staine; Clar. ii 1132.
I sawe ane ryuer rin Out over ane craig and rock of stane; Montg. Ch. & Slae 79 (W).
(2) As the stane or hevy erd may nocht ascend bot it be helpit be man [etc.]; Irland Mir. II 6/33.
Quhar hir sweit nest is holkyt in the stayn; Doug. v iv 104.
Owt sall the feaveris goe, [som] to the hill, som to the hap, som to the stone, some to the stok; 1662 Crim. Trials III 609.
(3) The roche of slid hard marbell stone; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1300.
The stoine of Scilicia, the more it is beatten the harder it is; Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. Prov. No. 156.
For taking of beiff or whyht stine; 1674 Sheriffhall Coal Accompt 21 Feb.

b. Erde and stane (stane and mwild), the symbols of legal possession of land. Also, once, pl. Presented to the incoming owner as proof of possession, also taken and presented in court as a symbol of an unpaid debt still existing as a charge on the land. Also, once, appar. in connection with the settlement of a boundary. Chiefly const. be, with. For further examples see Erd(e n. 3 c, Sele v. 3 b. (1) Findand na guidis … to mak the payment … gert our mairis set a str[es] upon the landis of [etc.] … and gert present to the four heid courtis nixt thaireftir … erd and stane and pro[ff]rit that landis to sell for payment of the foirsaide soume; 1443 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 268.
That Wil Mouat balye … has geyfyng sessyng with erd and stan to Dic Gybsoun of hys land liand in the Cors Gat; 1456 Peebles B. Rec. I 114.
The said Dauid resignit in the said balyeis hand erd and stane fra the yet est of the said land wytht fre ischay and entra to the halfyard; 1479 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 2.
Thir marchiis underwritin to stande … betuix the saides parteis that is to say fra the newk of the house of the gait, a marche set wyth erde and stane quhill it cum to the burn [etc.]; 1485 Lag Chart. 54.
The said balye deliuerit heritable stat and possessione be erd and stane; 1488 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 10.
Herapone I cast furtht erde & stane for my … richtis of the said landis; 1489 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 545 A.
With the pertinentis in the handis of the said balye be erd and stain; 1509 Prot. Bk. J. Foular I 117.
The … seriand passit … to the said grond and thair fand nathing strinyeable … Thai comperit … befor the said balyeis … bringand with thaim erd and stayne in ane lenyng clath. The said aitht beand … maid the balyeis selit the said erd and stane and gaiff it to the said Rechert for his annuel; 1510–11 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 11.
The samyn day Thome Logan brocht erd & stane of Jhone Edarrys hous for falt of pament of tre termes; 1513 Wigtown B. Ct. 11b.
Robert Robison officiar passed … to ane tenement of land … and thar fand nathing poyndabill for xiii s. annuel awand the chapillane … and thar the said seriand tuk erd and stane of the said grownd and deliverit to the said chapellane quhilk … cum in jugment befor the said balȝeis and present the said eard and stane; 1537 Ecclesia Antiqua 295.
[To] geiff stait and possessioun … of all and hail the forenemmyt landis … be donatioun of erde and stayne; 1543 Fam. Innes 108.
He presentit in court as utheris thre erdis and stanis clossit in sekkis under the seill of office; 1555 Grey Friars 83.
The chaiplane or kirkman gatt seasing instantlie than in iudgement be deliverance of the foirsaid erde and stane that wes knit or festned in ane littill polk; Bisset II 134/18.
1693 Irvine Deeds (Sasine, 24/5/1693).
(2) Be delywerance of stane and mwild of the grundis thairof; 1585 Prot. Bk. T. Auchinlek 14.

c. A variety of stone. Flynt is ane stone althocht … It may not be so pretious as the perle; Bann. MS 211b/7.

3. a. As a type of hardness or coldness, hence as an emblem of insensibility, unfeelingness, dullness, stupidity, unwillingness, deadness, etc., freq. in comparative or metaphorical use with related adjectives, as, hard, cald, etc. Cf. Stane-ded(e adj. (1) He brak the hartis hard as stane; Leg. S. xxii 22.
Wa is me! That wyf has tynt & barnis fre, As thing wes sprongyn of the stan Allace I am ful wil of wane; Leg. S. xxix 474.
His hart was hardare thane the stane; Leg. S. xxiv 228.
Few … Till Godis word … hes deuotioun; The eir is deiff, the hairt is hard as stane; Henr. Fab. 1393 (Bann.).
He that dronis ay as ane bee Sowld haif ane heirar dull as stane; Dunb. (STS) xv 9.
The tother is namyt schamefull cowardyce Voyd of curage, and dolf as ony stane; Doug. xi Prol. 40.
(b) That I, within the wallis cald as stone; Kingis Q. § 103.
I fell down dead as any stone; Sir Eger 429.
My pen wald irk, my self also to dyte Wald grow als dull and sad as ony stone; Stewart 41247.
My heart is deid and cauld lyke ony stone; Clar. iii 130.
Scho … Fell into swound alse cauld as ony stone; Clar. iii 668.
Bot he anone sould weipe thoch he not wold, Suppose his heart war harder nor the stone; Clar. iii 1597.
Ȝour hartis is hard as ony stone: Ȝe will nocht leif ȝour hypocrisie; G. Ball. 194.
With hairt als havy as stone Of covir confoirt had I none; Bann. MS 225b/6.
Als stupefact as stone; Montg. Sonn. xlv 7.
(2) Ȝour mvsing wald pers ane hairt of stane; Dunb. (STS) lxxv 40.
We Scottis … haue bettir titill … the quhilk we need nocht moir to proif than the Inglis courtisianis nedis to pruif ȝour selffis maid nothir of stok nor stane; Lamb Resonyng 163/15.
My heart is stane within, and yron without; Hume 78/351.
Quhilk wald haue movit ane heart of stane to commiseratioun; Pitsc. I 123/23.
Of the hoarse sea wavs, and hardest stane … thow hast essence taine; Mure Dido & Æneas ii 755.
(b) Hairtis ar maid of hard flynt stone; Dunb. (STS) xxi 47.
It wald have thirllit ony heart of stone; Clar. iii 2008.

b. As the type of immobility, or fixity, chiefly in comparisons with Stil(l adj. Cf. Stan(e)-Stil(l adj. (a) He lay, Stok still as ane stane; Gol. & Gaw. 108.
In the twn he fell … In to the nek and thair stak as ane stane; Rolland Seven S. 2881.
He lyis as still beside me as ane stane; Rolland Seven S. 4122.
(b) Still as any stone; Kingis Q. § 72.
One his hors, als still as ony ston; Lanc. 1032.
I … With eris prest stude thar als stil as stone; Doug. ii vi 10.
The sempillest Dene in all Ingland wes kend, Bot to remane ay at the brigis end, Without sterage ay still as ony stone; Stewart 40533.

c. As an emblem of loyalty or stability. Thairfor be we als sikker all As stane closit in castell wall; Alex. i 304.
And ȝit in hell ar mony ane That said thai war als trew as stane; Rowll Cursing 219 (B).

d. As an emblem of what is most basic: (Not to give up doing something) for stok no stone, = for anything. Seke hir suth I sall And nouthir stynt nor stand for stok no stone; Henr. Orph. 179.

4. Stone as a building material, also, as used in the production of statuary, etc. Also (made) of stane, (biggit, etc.) with (in) stane. Also const. def. art. Cf. 5 h and 6 below. b. Lyme and stane, see also Lime n. 1 for further examples. c. (The) stonework (of a building). d. Const. def. art.: A quantity of stone. e. Dry stane, stane and clay, appar., stone building without lime mortar, see also Dry adj. 5 d. f. Baikyn stane, ? = clay fired in a kiln or brick. The 1622 quot. in c may belong in 5 d. (See source for further information.) For further examples of particular sorts of stone, construction, etc., see also: Fre-stane n., Limestane n., Marbil(l)-stane n., Marbre-stane n., Paiument n., Pathement n., Quhin-stane n. (1) A gret hows for to mak … Tymbyr thare-till to drawe and stane Off Fyfe and off Angws; Wynt. vi 1964.
[Quarriers … in winning] quarell and stane within the fludemerk of the landis fornent the Seyfeild; 1500 Acta Conc. II 416.
Item, the leding stane, to 4 s.; 1521–2 Old Dundee II 240.
To Johne Turnour cartar … bath haliday and werk day ledand stanis; 1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 114.
Sten and stenquarrell, lym and lymkilles; ?1536–7 Rec. Earld. Orkney 222.
For wynnyng of lx of pece of stane to the said chapell werk; 1539 Treas. Acc. VII 214.
George Balglavy for awayting and keiping and tailȝeing of the said tymmer, lyme, sand, and stane; 1539 Treas. Acc. VII 217.
Euerie boit of tymmer … and euerie boit of stane; 1574 Reg. Privy C. MS XLII 43.
Staine, lyme, sand, and uthir materialls for the hospitall; 1636 Dumbarton B. Rec. 49.
(2) Ymagis … of bras and stane; Leg. S. i 239.
Fals godis I honoure nane That are mad of stok ore stane; Leg. S. xx 337.
Thi godis, … Ar mad bot of handis of men Of gold and siluir & of clay, Of stok, of stane ore of lay; Leg. S. xxxiii 402.
Makand … ane chymnay of stane; 1443 Reg. Cambuskenneth 126.
The wallis quhilk was of stane melle Off quhite marbill of iasp and calsdone; Hay Alex. 11162.
To mak a sufficiand bryg of tre with landstalis of stane; 1473 Reg. Cupar A. I 173.
A kist of stane and syne ane of tre; Asl. MS I 237/1.
Wytht ane foirlintaill of tre and biggand ane vpone thi lyntail of stane; 1521 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 174.
v corbalis of stane put in the wallis for bering of tua wall rasis; 1523 Treas. Acc. V 220.
(b) That castell off stayn; Wall. viii 1052.
To put up ane hewyn spowt of stayne in the est part of the said Mowngous bak wall; 1515 Glasgow Chart. II 489.
Ane substantious brig … laid with brandaris of ayk, bulwark of aik and stain abowt the said brig; 1529 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 395.
A milne dam dyke … made up of stain and creills, without lime; 1661 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. II 62.
(c) That syd [of the cross] quhilk lowkes to the east is dewydit be mwllers of steane in thre stages; 1611 Reg. Panmure I xciv.
(d) The castel of stone; Gol. & Gaw. 644.
How the hors clam our the wallis of stone; Doug. ii iv heading.
He wrait the law, in tablis hard of stone; Lynd. Mon. 559.
Ony ydoll maid of stone or tre; Lynd. Mon. 2403.
Ane hows of earthe and stone, efter the common landwart fashone; 1611 Reg. Panmure I xcvii.
Tuo statues of fyne hewen ston; 1694 Red Bk. Menteith I 429.
(3) The forsayde v chapellys salbe thekyt abovyn with stane … alswa betwene the chapellis guteryt with hewyn stane; 1387 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 11.
It is wallit weill abowt with stane; Freiris Berw. 9 (B).
The capitane causit big vp the port of the nethir boll with stane and faill; Diurn. Occurr. 214.
A verie magnifike wal, al hail with four square stane was walled round about; Dalr. I 15/33.
That the kirkyaird dyk be put up sufficientlie with stean and faill; 1607 Rothiemay Kirk S. in J. Gordon Hist. I App. lii.
Ordeint that na person big fire house nor chalmers but they be fundit with stein ane ell hyt round about, and then to get mud and faill to serve the rest of the house; 1616 Inverurie 200.
He caused make an act for building in stone for the greater security against fire; 1695 Acts IX 489/2.
(4) Tha … brint all in ane fyre Baith tour and toun … All kynd of thing wes lichtar than the stone, That wald nocht birne, with thame away hes tone; Stewart 22387.
Gevin to four barrowmen wirkand upoune the redding of the clos, and baring of the lous erd and stane furtht of the samin; 1542 Treas. Acc. VIII 133.
b. Dwndarg off lyme and stane He made stowtly; Wynt. viii 4078.
He biggand … the twa hous of the mylne with stane and lyme; 1466 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 22.
Agaynis him in Galloway hous was nayne Except Wigtoun, byggyt off lyme and stayne; Wall. vi 796.
Castell was thar nayn, Bot mudwall werk withoutyn lym or stayn; Wall. xi 680.
Fredome … to big … wallis, of stane and lyme; 1529 Kennedy Aberd. Ann. I 66.
That euery landit man … sall big ane sufficient barmkyn … of stane and lyme contenand thre score futis of the square ane eln thick and vj elnys heicht for the ressett and defensis of him his tennentis and thair gudis in trublous tyme; 1535 Acts II 346/1.
Ane strang castell … Quhilk royallie with lyme and stane wes wallit; Stewart 3968.
The baillies … ordainit the said James … to build the said lyme hoill with staine and lyme and tua gavellis and ane back; 1654 Lanark B. Rec. 154.
That the churchyard dykes should be pinned with stone and lyme to prevent their ruine; 1680 Cramond Ch. Grange 35.
c. The compt off the pleitt of bress … for the buriall place of … Doctor Liddell … Mair for sinking the same in the steane and laying tharoff to Alex. Wyisman … 10 lbs.; 1622 Sc. N. & Q. I 103.
To build and repair ane hous … in pan and ruiff and stane; 1652 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. II 916.
He … was to maik vse of ane coulter to wring the staple out of the stone; 1681 Breaking the Tolbooth in Fraser Lowland Lore (1880) 4.
d. [The council] ordanis the thesaurer to tak ordour with the stayne lyand in the Kirk of Feyld yaird for keiping thame unstollin; 1598 Edinb. B. Rec. V 217.
e. (1) To 3 layers of dry stane with clay morter; 1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 38.
(2) The vallis abut beigit with stane and clay; 1564 Prot. Bk. W. Cumming 23b.
It sall be leasome to ony neighbour … to bring in cowanes for bigging of dykes with stane and clay; 1647 Douglas Bequest 25 Sept.
f. The quhilk art thai grauit … in tua tablis of stane ane of the tabilis vas of baikyn stane and the tothir tabil of onbaykyn stane the quhilk … for that cause the baikyn stane vald thole the fyir & the onbakyn stane vald thole the vattir; Compl. 46/25.

5. A particular, identifiable stone; a landmark; a boundary stone; a memorial or monument or a stone perceived as such. Also such a stone used as a meeting place, etc. Freq. in place-names. See also Blak-stane n., Likarstane n.; Lining vbl.n.2 e, March stane n., Pikit ppl. adj. 2, Standan(d) stan(e n., for further examples. Juxta Hairestan; c1220 (15 … ) Liber Dryburgh 149.
Villa Gospatric que nunc appellatur Kaldestanis; Barrow Anglo-Norman Era App. C. 200.
Que nunc vocatur Cothilstane; 12… Reg. St. A. Pref. xxi.
Johannes Crassus filius Ricardi Crassi de Kaldestanis; 12… Reg. Dunferm. 113.
Incipiendo … ad lapidem qui vocatur le Harystane; 12… Reg. Dunferm. 223.
Usque ad lapidem qui vocatur Wadestan; 12… Reg. Dunferm. 223.
A litill fra Aryk-stane, The Bruce with a gret rout he met; Barb. ii 148.
The hie gate that passit … quhil it cum to Clottinpanis Stane; 1551 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 20.
Ascendendo … usque ad altam viam que extenditur per le rede stane; 12… Reg. St. A. 379.
Ascendendo usque le caulde stane; 1370 Reg. Morton II 87.
[Ascendendo … usque ad lapidem curuantem siue inclinantem Anglice] lowtand stane; 1414 Liber Aberbr. II 51.
The nettis of the calate sall set thar stavis … abown the thre stanis; 1467 Reg. Dunferm. 359.
The wrangwis … vptaking of ther merchis and stannis; 1495 Acta Conc. I 394/2.
The hingand stanis [sc. Stonehenge] Ambrosius set vp … In till ane lestand memoriall; Steel Roy Robert 77.
[Parties to convene at the] Pykit Stane; 1525–6 E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. V 27.
That certane grete stanys in diuers partis of euery regioun … suld be invirone and in cirkill; Boece 63.
; 1535 Bamff Chart. 67 (see Stok n.1 5 b).
To a gret gray stane in the bra and frathin est; 1537 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 17.
Fra that linealie carne be carne … to the feild stane; 1540 5th Rep. Hist. MSS App. 609/1.
Gart cast hollis … for gret stanis kennabill to be put in … and ordane … quhair holis wes cassin and stanis to be pwt in … to be the merche; 1550 Prot. Bk. R. Rollok 20.
Ane borit stane at the … north part of the said dyk; 1558 Fam. Rose 225.
To ane gray stane callit the Mannis staine [Bamff Chart. 141, Manstein] quhilk staine salbe cairnit about with stannis; 1595 Reg. Great S. 91/1.
And sua passing eist … be certane stainis presentlie set and infixt be the said parties; 1596 (1597) Reg. Great S. 194/1.
Josua … setts upe a stan under an ake trie in a monument thairof; Melvill 354.
[They have] lynit the saim be placing and inputting lyne stanis betwix the said lands; 1609 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 64.
The samen is mercheit be stanes markit with the said sauser and key; 1615 Aberd. B. Rec. II 326.
Begyneand at the great stane on the cobilbraeheid; 1647 Kelso Baillie Ct. 88b.

b. A stone forming part of a cairn in similar senses. Also a carne of stane(s. The carn of stanes that is in the mercat gait quhilk is ane of the marcht cairnis; 1512 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 154.
Towardis the middis of that carne … Ane greit lang stone [he] gart set on end; Stewart 2930.
Of aduenture tha mett Quhair lang befoir ane carne of stane wes sett; Stewart 53180.
To sax men that laubourit twa dayis in the redding of the bekyn and the casting of the stanis thairto agane; 1552–3 Edinb. B. Rec. II 275.
To … restore and reform the said carne and restore and input the stanis therof in the auld naturall lairis on the samen maner as thay wer ofbefor; 1555 Coll. Aberd. & B. 383.
1595 Reg. Great S. 91/1 (see above).
They gathered a number of stonns and throwing them in one place, called the same Carne-Teaghie; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 242.

c. The stane of Scone, the Scottish ‘stone of Destiny’. That stane … King Eduard had it away With the langschankis; Wynt. iii 1081 (W).
That sammyne stane At Gadalos send with his sone fra Spane … At Canemor syne … Brocht it till Scwne; Wall. i 121.
Quhar that stayne is, Scottis suld mastir be; Wall. i 131.
Than spulȝeit thay the haly stane of Scone; Kennedy Flyt. 277.

d. A gravestone. Also, the stone placed at the entrance to Christ's tomb. See also Buriall n. 3., kirkstone (Kirk n. 9 d (1)), Lair-stane n., -stone n., throuch stane. (1) John Traile … yherly to pay xl s. quhill he bryng hame the blew stane til his fadre; and that to be raiset be the sight and ordinance of his modre; 1450 Aberd. B. Rec. I 18.
Gif sesing … to the said altare for his stane and lair place that he hes befoir the said altare, or ellis to remove the said stane; 1456 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 15.
Cresseid … Vnder this stane, lait lipper, lyis deid; Henr. Test. Cress. 609.
Item schepit in the samyn schip … 2 throwys … Item schout hir of thir 2 ar rakynit with the gret stan; 1498 Halyb. 160.
In the stane of the mid tomb thair is writtin Tumulus Regum Scotiæ; Monro W. Isles (1961) 62.
That na staynes aucht to be infixet or sett at ony graiffes in the buriall yaird; 1603 Edinb. B. Rec. V 324.
To summond the baksters … for raising the steanes of the graves to build ther oynes; 1614 Elgin Rec. II 140.
To caus put on a fair plait of brase vpon the said stane; 1644 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 34.
(2) His moder, virgin angelicall, … Quhen scho the graif saw with a stane clois laid; Kennedy Pass. Christ 1324.

e. A gravestone or altar, on which payment was made as a guarantee of good faith. Giffin to the king himself apon the stane in Striuelin … vij lib. x s.; 1497 Treas. Acc. I 336.
The quhilk day ves decernit be the decreit of curt Jhone Browne in Sanct Margretis stayne to … pay to Andro Andersone … tuay s.; 1537–8 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 151.

f. A memorial incorporated in the stonework of a bridge. Upon the north syd of the bridge the Earle of Suthrland his armes wer carved in a fyn ston; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 361.

g. A stane of salt, with reference to Lot's wife, the Biblical pillar of salt. Lothis wyfe … wes turnit in ane stane of salt; Winȝet I 12/36.

h. As an object of idolatrous worship, chiefly in collocation with stok. Cf. 4 (2) above. Suld I honoure stok Or stane or ony thing bot God alane? Leg. S. xlii 243.
That thu godis cane cal Ar bot stanis & stokis; Leg. S. xliii 578.
Ydolatrye … In grauit stok, or stane; Lynd. Mon. 2469.
I haif faultit sore, To stok and stane geuand His glore; G. Ball. 61.
Thay lute thy lieges pray to stokkis and stanes; Scott i 81.
For Hab. in his 2 cha. pronuncis this sentence, malediction aboue him that sayis to tree, stok, or stane, awalke and teache me; Fowler II 57/35.
They are bot stocks and stains, bos, deid, and dum; Hume 77/312.
We wirschip stanes and deade men for godes; 1580 Hay in Cath. Tr. 59/18.

i. A stone put in position as a barrier. For setting wp stayneis thairin to stay hors with standis to pas thairthrow; 1624 Perth Kirk S. MS 27 Sept.

6. A stone as used in building, a particular sort of stone or stones used in a particular way. Chiefly pl. For further examples see also: Alabast n., Aslar n. b, Fre-stane n., Limestane n., Marbil(l)-stane n., Quhin-stane n. sing. He levit nocht … Tour standand, stane no wall; Barb. ix 454.
pl. (1) Leif … to brek stanys and away leid thru the landis of the said Walter; 1434–5 Reg. St. A. 424.
Rycht as a castell is wallit all about with stanis togedir junyt; Hay II 45/37.
Wall. iii 133.
Hewin stanis sic as rabellis and cunȝeis; 1496 Acta Conc. II 34.
Dumbar wallis … Thay stanis of tressone; Kennedy Flyt. 291.
The said Robert sall wyn and lay to the werk, all stanis and hewn stanis that misters is; 1536 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 17 Nov.
For hewing and dressing of the stanis to the saidis mylnis; 1545 Treas. Acc. VIII 367.
To ane masoun for the dressing of the jc stanis, ane dayis wage; 1552–3 Edinb. B. Rec. II 278.
For faill and stanis … to stoip the Borrow Loch; 1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II 297.
To gar gadder stanis to Peblis brig egis; 1556 Peebles B. Rec. I 235.
Dauid Orme … kuist vpe agane the saidis staneis and lyme of the brokin wall; 1565 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 31.
The toun of Air … disponis to the said Williame … the stanis of the place, kirk and housis of the saidis Gray Freiris quhairevir the samin may be apprehendit to be usit … be him; 1566–7 Reg. Privy S. V ii 267/2.
Rudus, lapidum frusta, & ruinarum materies, ane lomp of fallin stanis; Despauter (1579).
For … horses to hame bring the commoun stanes wynnyn for reparatioun of the port on the brig; 1579–80 Inverness Rec. I 274.
Thre boitfull of stanes … ilk boitfull to xxxvj s. with ij s. expenses; 1601 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I 406.
Praying the devill ding it doun and mak the heighest stane thairof the laighest; 1610 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 72.
To bring stanies from the Abacie of Dundrennan for building [etc.]; 1682 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 9 Dec.
(b) To leid stains to the brig; 1533–4 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. 3 Ser. I 306.
For v lang stainis for soill and lyntell; 1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 139.
Persouns … that hes ony cairnis of staynis, fawlds, or vther red, on the hie gaitt; 1547 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 127.
This temple … The stains thairof wer marbell; Burel Pilgr. ii 24.
Alexander Slowman … to … tak doun … his wester dyke … and siclyk to tak away his staynes; 1590–1 Edinb. B. Rec. V 32.
Staynis of the lenth of ten fut, and of breadth of four futtis; Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 6.
A hagbute … brak sum staynes of the streat; Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 106.
Staines … to build the casey; 1653 Glasgow B. Rec. II 272.
(c) Ane hundreth laidis of stannis pait to the stepil byggin; 1492 Peebles B. Rec. I 193.
To the reparation of the said castell viz. stannis lyme [etc.]; 1531 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 56.
(d) A pock full of stons, which, he said, wer taken out of the piller to which Christ was bound when he was scourged; 1532 Sciennes Conv. lxviii n.
The vecht of it [sc. Rome] signifeit nocht the vecht of hauy vallis, housis, stonis, ande vthir materials; Compl. 21/19.
Lynd. Mon. 2895.
Thrie stones for laying the eune of the quens keching; 1611 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 335.
1653 Peebles B. Rec. II 18 (see Stane wecht n. a (2)).
[He] hes biggit ane dyke of stounes and phaill thairupone; 1659 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 251.
For ther paines in redding … to … dispose upon the stons … of the … brunt lands; 1678 Edinb. B. Rec. X 336.
That evrie plewgh bring six load of stons for the churche yeard dyke; 1683 Meikle Old Session Bk. 224.
(e) Thrie thowsand sleads of steanes, and fourtein or fyftein chalder of lyme; Melvill 6.
Casting doun diffatis and steanis afe the riging of the house; 1603 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 87.
The steins taken out of the said John Steuinsones booth for stricking out of the said window, ar declairid heirby to pertein to the said Gilbert; 1641 Aberd. B. Rec. III 271.
(2) A mason can nocht hew ane evin aislair staine without directioun of his rewill; Hamilton Cat. 28.
For beirring of the aislar stanis of the Walkar's alter to the maisoun luge; 1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II 350.
(3) Payit to Johne Gelis, Inglisman, for alabast stanis and plaistir brocht hame be him furth of Ingland; 1503 Treas. Acc. II 274.
That the cross be mendit and pinnit, and frie stains bocht thairto gif it neidis; 1613 Inverness Rec. II 118.
Ane load off frees stanes … for making wp of ane gate to the dead kirkyeard; 1675 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 10 July.
For wining of craig stones and for leading of the same; 1681 Stirling Common Good 161.
(4) Freiris Berw. 541 (see Dry adj. 5 d).
Euery ane to big thair awne heid-rovme betuix the Tolbuth to Peblis brig … with dry stanis; 1572 Peebles B. Rec. I 337.

b. A stone prepared for a particular purpose. Also fig. For further examples see also: Allouring n. b, Anguler adj., Brig-stane n., Calsay n. 2, Ground-stane n., Harth n. b, Hairtis-stane n., Kapestane n., Kaping-stane n., Lintel(l n. 2, Pavement n., Pathement n., Pend-stane n., Pete-stane n., Pettis-stane n., Pinning vbl. n. 1 b, Riggin(g)-stan(e n., tabill stane (see Ballaster n.), wall stanis (Wall n. 4 b), etc. I sal set in Syon the heichast kirnale staan [P. corner stoon]; Nisbet 1 Peter ii 6.
Imbrex, a gutter stane; Carmichael Etym. 10.
fig. He is the fundment and grund steyne quhair apone the halie kirk is biggit; Gau 57/19.
Christe … the sure grund & corner stane thairof; Fowler II 39/14.
Paye thaime … uith præmium or pœna as thay deserue, quhilke is the uerrie grounde stane of goode gouuernement; James VI Basil. Doron 119/10.

7. a. A stone used as a missile. Also fig. to cast the formest stane, to make the first accusation. b. A bullet, pellet, cannonball, etc. manufactured for firing from a gun, crossbow, sling, etc. c. Gunstane, further examples of Gunstane n., also gunstanes of yrne. d. Jedworth stanes, cannoun stane and bumbard stane. a., b. [They] schot, and tumlit on hym stanys, Richt gret and hevy; Barb. x 57.
With so gret felony thar thai faucht … With stok, with stane, and with retrete; Barb. xv 49.
With stanys, schot, and other thing That nedit till thair defending; Barb. xvii 351.
The gynour … swappit out the stane That evin toward the lift is gane; Barb. xvii 691.
To dinge Sante Stewyn with stanis done; Leg. S. ii 512.
[He] hes na hurt, … Bot ane hurt with ane stane of fer, For his defence durst nane cum ner; Alex. ii 4863.
The women … Apon the wallis besy wes, Layand stanys … Quhare that thai thoucht mast lykly ware Thame to defend in tyme off were; Wynt. iv 1621.
The Schyrrawe … gert his men aray thaim … standand in a bra, Qwhare plente ware off stanys rownde; Wynt. viii 4339.
The ladyes … gaderit stanis to defend the citee for fault of men of armes; Hay I 52/25.
To the quaryour … at makis stans to the small pecis in the bark; 1512 Treas. Acc. IV 460.
Jok Mosman cuist ane stane at Jame Mennon; 1524 Carnwath Baron Ct. (SHS) 27.
Fore strykyne & dyngin of hyme vyth stanys; 1526 Wigtown B. Ct. 179a.
Men … schot … stanis and ganyeis, with corsbowis and slongis; Bell. Boece I 229.
With tha stanis thir stalwart carlis … Ane bikker maid; Stewart 53183.
Gevin for ane bow for pellokis the gidder wytht jm stanis and ane muld … vj frs. xv s.; 1538 Treas. Acc. VII 28.
Sum straikit stingis sum gadderit stanis; Christis Kirk 143 (M).
Lat neuer spair the poulder nor the stanis; Lynd. Test. Meldrum 185.
(b) Stainnes and slyngis hard thay cast; Alex. ii 4495.
Casting of staines within the said scuile and … dynging off the barnes … repairing tharto; 1580–1 J. Lee Hist. Ch. Scotl. (1860) 339.
Watchemen, who had na uther thing to defend thaymeselfis withall bot staynis; Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 70.
With ane greit stain … the quhilk brack hir harn pan; 1613 Inverness Rec. II 112.
(c) Thai … Kest downe vpon him mony stones And slewe him; Troy-bk. ii 1936.
Thay faucht … with stonis, and treis; Lynd. Mon. 2040.
That … thair be no more pastime above the heuche by casting of stones or bullettis; 1675 Kelso Baillie Ct. 52b.
(d) Stein; 1602 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 23.
That Robert Russald hes trublit Donald Sandesoun and hurt him with ane steane; 1603 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 85.
fig. Quhat cummer castis the formest stane … At tha peure winschis ȝe wranguslie suspect; a1568 Sempill in Sat. P. xlvii 81.
c. To George Patersoun for the fraucht of vijxxiiij gune stanis; 1511–12 Treas. Acc. IV 288.
In arlis and part of payment of tua gune stanis of all sortis; 1512 Treas. Acc. IV 305.
Deliverit in the … schip … iiijcxxiij gune stanis of yrne of the gretest sort for the kingis canonis ilk pece weyand xxxiij½ pund wecht; 1512 Treas. Acc. IV 302.
Irne pikkis for the hewing and making of gun stanyis; 1515 Treas. Acc. V 25.
For ij pikkis to mak gun stanis; 1533 Treas. Acc. VI 165.
d. Leith axis et Jedworth stanis; 1516 Exch. R. XIV 141.
Ane cannoun stane … quhilk was schot to warne the pyonaris; 1545 Treas. Acc. VIII 422.
Thay thair in mycht not … hyde For pot gun pellettis falland from the heuin. The bumbard stanis derectlie fell sa euin, That in to dykis by dint it deidly dang thame; 1573 Sempill in Sat. P. xxxix 101.

8. Casting, etc. the (of) stane, the throwing of a heavy stone as a test of athletic prowess, that particular sporting activity. See also Penny-stane n. To worsill or cast the stane, In all Ingland that tyme maik had he nane; Stewart 59014.
He vsit daylie justing … Casting of stane, and als the leidin mell; Rolland Seven S. 6965.
[Rivalry about] casting the stone and louping; 1663 Ellon Par. 118.
Delait for breach of Sabath by throwing of the ston; 1665 Cramond Ch. Grange 27.
He pitch'd the bar and hurl'd the stean na man could him outgang; Louis de France Music Bk. 56.

9. A functional object made of (usu. a single piece of) stone, freq. of a particular sort of stone, and shaped and prepared in a special way, specif. a. A millstone or quernstone. b. A grindstone or whetstone. c. A stone for scouring or smoothing leather. d. Appar. a stone vessel for ? bleeding or ? storing meat (hung appar. on a hook). Cf., however, Stand n. 6 of which this may be a further example. e. A further example of curling stane (Curling vbl. n.). Freq. in comb., for which see: Curling vbl. n., Fontstane n., Funtstane n., Gunstane n. (see 7 c), Knoking-stane n., Leping-on-stone n., Lowping-on-stane n., Miln-stan(e n., Mortar-stane, Mustard-stane n., Sleke-stane n., Sleking-stane n., Stepestane n., Wort n.1 a. (1) [The] myllaris to the sclait myln … ar oblist … to tak thair leill multer, and to keip and deliuer the samyn, and to lay on stanys and to mak the coggis, and do all thingis apertenyng to thame; 1534–5 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 68.
[They] ordanis … that the quariouris of the Borrowmure serue the commoun mylnis of this burgh in stanis thairto of the auld price callit the townis price; 1556 Edinb. B. Rec. II 248.
Ane man mylne with hir stanys and hir haill tymmer werk; 1578 Inv. Wardrobe 260.
That all men that baid avay fra the stain is decernit to pey xx sh. … The said day it is decernit that all cottis [etc.] … men … sall pey to the gangaris for the myll stain [etc.]; 1613 Misc. Spald. C. V 217.
For tua nowe staineis to the Ride Milne; 1623–4 Peebles B. Rec. I 412.
The said girthe was on the stain as a pairt of the myll graithe; 1660 Stitchill Baron Ct. 20.
(2) In Barray … everie husbandman … hes ane instrument in their houses called one kewrne and the two stones doth lye on the house floor, and that place is made cleane; c1630 Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 179.
b. That quhatsumevir he be that intercommounis with Thomas Pait … or lattis him wirk in thair boithis to tyne thair fredome … . Patie Balmene, with my hand at the pen, and attour is contentit that the stane be brokin and ever the said Thomas grinds in my boith; 1632 Perth Hammermen 29.
c. To by ane stain to dres the butis … iiij d.; 1621 Maxwell Mem. I 332.
d. To delyver to Jonet Dewar ane stane for halding cattall meat with ane irne steipill therin perteining to her and to carie the saim to James Prymrosis clois; 1619 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 123.
e. By goeing rashly upon the yce with two curling stanes in his arme; 1652 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXXI 9.

10. Translating L. petra, or explaining the name Peter. Peter of ‘petra’ may be tane in Latine leid that is a stane; Leg. S. i 2.
Thu art Petir, at is, oure stane; Leg. S. i 13.

11. A precious stone, a gemstone. See also Chat(t)on n., Pad(d)ok n.1 c (3), Preci(o)us adj. 1 b and Semy stane n. for further examples. Also pl. without inflection. Also transf. or fig. (a) Costly stanis; Leg. S. v 97.
His clathis … Sete with stanis of purpure hew; Leg. S. ix 56.
Ane ryng of rych stane; Alex. ii 1934.
The palace … Quhare-in thare was neuer ane stane Na the worst was precious; Alex. ii 7748.
Ane crowun … Off massie gold with stanis of merueling; Hay Alex. 788.
Thare veschell was maist of stanis serpentyne Off cressolit onix and smaragdyne; Hay Alex. 11246.
His basnet was bordourit … With stanis of beriall; Rauf C. 463.
A cors of gold with foure stanis; 1488 Treas. Acc. I 81.
Item for the stan in my Lordis seignet, 26 s.; 1497 Halyb. 215.
Ane rasure and ane havin stane … ane ryng of gold with ane blak stane; 1498–9 Acta Conc. II 297.
Ane hert of gold set with stanes; 1508 Treas. Acc. IV 113.
Mony fyne stanys … saphire, topace, rubyne [etc.]; Boece 430.
Ane neiddill for hair of counterfute staneis; 1593 Edinb. Test. XXV 160b.
As in Ingland the jeit stane is abundant; Dalr. I 47/29.
The said … lordis gold signet and regnne witht his armes cutt and sett in stane within the same; 1638 Elphinstone Mun. 194/2.
(b) With croune of gold abune hir hairis bricht Of leming stainis casting pleasant licht; Clar. i 672.
His Majesties pretious meubles, jewills, and stains of greit valor; 1568–9 Anderson Collect. Mary IV 188.
On the said taiblett ane dyomont stayne and ane emerawld stayne; 1584 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 336.
That anye persoun may weare … goldsmith warke haveing no staines … within the same; 1621 Acts IV 625/2.
(c) The palyce … adorned with rich stones, Jasp, beriall and sardonis; Alex. ii 7637.
Ane cok … fand ane iolie stone; Henr. Fab. 62.
Of Flanders peis maid mony precious stone; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1723.
A coistly croun, with clarefeid stonis brycht; Dunb. (STS) xlviii 155.
Stonis precious; Lynd. Dreme 369.
Mony pretious stone, … diamontis … and margretis [etc.]; Stewart 31187.
The foull taide hathe a fair stoine in his heide; Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. Prov. No. 224.
Ane stone of the quantitie of half a hens eg sett in silver; 1640 Innes Sketches 508.
Item sevin pair of old scheirs worth xvj s. Item thrie stones for cullouring of gloves with thair rewells worth v lib. viij s. Item four pair of glove … worth xvj s.; 1661 Edinb. Test. LXX 182b.
(d) Precious stenis; Gau 16/18.
transf. or fig. The secund precius stane and dignite of this crovne was gret nobilite of blud; Irland Mir. I 102/36.
Empryce of prys, imperatrice, Brycht polist precious stane; Dunb. (STS) lxxxv 62.
The precious stanis of godlie doctrine; Winȝet II 57/9.
Gold and precious stanis of pryde; G. Ball. 31.
G. Ball. 50.

12. A precious stone, pebble, etc. believed to possess healing or other virtuous or supernatural powers; a marvellous or miraculous stone; a stane of vertew, boird- or curing stane. (1) Qwa wil the vertu wyt of stanis In the lapidar ma fynd ane is [etc.]; Leg. S. xxviii 1.
That helpe of gris gat he nane, Na of charme, na of stane; c1400 Elgin Rec. I 13.
Yhe suer … that ȝe haue nocht … apon ȝow na apon ȝour harnes stanys wordis erbis cokactis brefieris charmys and othir thingis quhar in ȝhe may haff ony hoip of help; Loutfut MS 3b.
That ȝere fel a stane werray gret fra the hewin. It had in it the takin of the cros with the ymage of Christ imprentit and abone in goldin letteris Jesus Nazarenus Rex Judiorum & it gaif sicht to ane blind man; Abell 91a.
Reasing the devill with invocationes, With herbis, stanes, buikis and bellis; 1584 Sempill in Sat. P. xlv 297.
A faire queen … gaue them a stone that had sundrie vertues; James VI Dæmonol. (STS) 51/24.
Fylit for hailling of syndrie persones diseasit of the falling evill, be hingand of ane stane about thair nek … quhilk stane scho affermit scho gat fra the Lady Crawfurd; 1597 Crim. Trials II 27.
Scho gaif hir the stain again saying scho trowit nather scho [nor the] stain wes luckie; 1602 Dundonald Par. Rec. 9.
[The] stain is said to be blak of hew and lyk ane butounn; 1602 Dundonald Par. Rec. 14.
Anent the superstitious vsing of an stene set in selver for the curing of diseased cattell; a1700 Soc. Ant. XXVII 497.
(b) Salamone … knew the vertew of erb and stone; Dunb. App. ii 28.
(2) Thewis Wysmen 38.
[I have] nane stane of vertew upone me, na wichecraft … or ony uther maner of sorcery; Maner of Battale 230.
Nothir erbe no stane of vertu; Loutfut MS 112a.
Ane boird-stane to be layit vnder the bowster, putt vnder your heid; 1591 Crim. Trials I ii 252.
The pannels husband was going to the Laird of Lee, to borrow his curing stane; 1629 Sharpe Witchcraft 99.
(b) My stones of vertue stemmed the blood; Sir Eger 2035.

b. A stone or pebble used in witchcraft or conjuration. Sche … gaif yow thre drinkis of walter furth of thre stanis quhilkis sche had; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 202.
Scho … produceit the stanis scho gaif yow watter out of, the quhilk wes the deith of the said George; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 203.
Thair wes ane taid … droppit betuix thre oister schellis and nyne stanis, sottin thre nychtis; 1591 Crim. Trials I ii 245.
[He] inchantit to him nyne stanis, quhilk the said James cuist vpone the said Dauid Libbertones landis for distructioune of his coirnes; 1603 Crim. Trials II 422.
[You] brocht with ȝow thrie stones which ȝe put on the fyre [etc.] … Which stones being thus put into the said water; … Jonet Cragie hard on of thame chirme and churle [etc.]; 1640 Misc. Abbotsf. C. I 165.
Saying to herself a stane, a stane, for so she pronounced the words. For she had gathered a considerable number of small stones in her lap; Sinclair Satan's Inv. World 149.

c. In the eird and in the stane, into the earth and calld staine, phrases used in conjuration. Cf. 2 b above. In the eird and in the stane, I conjure ye in Godis name; 1590 Dalyell Darker Superst. 26.
Furth of the flesch and of the bane and in the eird and in the stane; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 237.
God teach me to pray to put the ill away, out of the flesh blood and bane into the earth and calld staine and nevir to come again in Gods name; 1650 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. LI (1975) 53.

d. A stane of pillare, a relic, supposedly a fragment of the pillar at which Jesus was scourged. Ane emmorant, a stane of pillare and ane vthir ring; 1488 Treas. Acc. I 82.

e. Ane corbie stane. 1655 Wemyss Chart. II 242 (see Corby n. 3).

13. Applied to specific minerals. a. A loadstone. b. (Ȝerde (= earth)) stane, coal. See also Bruntstane n., Kelestone n., Limestane n. a. Thai wyst nocht quhar thai wer For thai na nedill had na stane, Bot rowyt alwayis in-till ane Sterand all tyme apon the fyr, That thai saw brynnand lycht and schyr; Barb. v 23.
b. The fyre quhither ȝe wisse it war of moss, trie or stane [marg. ȝerde stane or trie wod, that is peit or kole]; Dalr. I 28/8.

14. In senses 1, 5, 6, 9, 11 or 12 above, unidentifiable as to function. James Twydye to ryde to Broxmouth to speik for ane stane; 1574–5 Haddington Treas. Acc. 22.
Item ane stone with ane iron frame; 1683 Inv. in Donibristle Mun. (Earl of Moray's MSS) 20 (9-10 May).

15. fig. a. An obstacle; a stumbling block. b. A touchstone, a test or criterion. c. To lefe na stan onturned ower, to try or attend to every possibility. a. And thai offendit aganes the staan [Vulg. lapidem] of offensioun … Lo! I put a staan of offensionn in Syon, and a staan [Vulg. petram] of sclandire; Nisbet Rom. ix 32, 33.
God he is all that layis ane stumling stane, Quhilk may the cause be of our bretheringis fall; 1567 Sat. P. iii 109.
(b) Thou hedges in my waye with a heuen ston that I never expected in this lyfe; 1657 Johnston Diary III 60.
b. This is … an infallible, as it is a general, reul to al richt, an ewin lyne of lawtay, a tweche stane of the treuth, a cleir licht to schaw the way; Winȝet II 7/2.
(b) Of that vnthankfull numer liue anew To promise much, and to performe but few: Be thou the stone (precellent prince) of tuch For to secerne the honest mindes from such; Craig i 13.
c. He wrot verie craftelie to Geneva … and send tham propositiones and questiones … and finalie left na stan onturned ower that might [etc.]; Melvill 141.

16. A hard morbid concretion in some part of the body, prob. chiefly the kidneys or gall-bladder; a kidney or gall stone. The quot. for 1662 may, however, belong in 1 or 12 above. (1) The stane, That in the neris hym had tane; Leg. S. xvii 260.
To a man … that was new schorn of the stane; 1496 Treas. Acc. I 305.
Ane of thir infirmiteis … The stany wring the stane and sand blind; Rowll Cursing 61 (M).
To ane ald man that hed the stane, ix s.; 1506–7 Treas. Acc. III 369.
In medicyne that he wes richt perfyte, And speciallie in heilling of the stane; Stewart 51675.
I am subject to sum infermyte of gravaill, and dolour of stayn; 1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 243.
He has bene twyis schorne of the stane and is continewallie vexit with that infirmitie; 1571 Sc. N. & Q. 3 Ser. X 41.
Hearie bischope of Ros, tuke schipburd to pas to France to get remeid of ane confermeit stein; Diurn. Occurr. 77.
To desist … fra all using … of any poynt … of the said craft … exceptand … the cutting of the stayne; 1595 Edinb. B. Rec. V 136.
The case of Jon Edgar & his chyld (who is now cutt of ane confirmed stone) to be represented to the congregatione; 1652 Dumfries Kirk S. 29 Nov.
[McNeill chirurgane] speciallie skilled in cutting of the stone [made burgess gratis] conditionally that he … cure the poores ones within this burgh of that deceas; 1658 Glasgow Burgesses 156.
Item abroranum crocum cum apio in vino et parum dulcoratum cum zucro stanguiriam soluit et lapidem frangit for the braiking of the stane; Herbarius Latinus Annot. ii (Adv.).
(2) His mother caused open him and in his heart was fownde a nowtched stone, the bignesse of ones fiue fingers; 1662 Lamont Diary 156.

b. Some object or substance similar to a stone in hardness, specif. part of a parrot's beak. The papegault … has a stan in hir neb sa stark quhilk in all hir necessite is scheld for keping of hir body; Loutfut MS 26a.

c. A testicle. He tint ane of his ene at the battall of Homildon and at this feild, he tint ane of his stanis; Bell. Boece II 479.
The barnis … That sonis war he causit … to cut fra thame thair stanis … Quhair this wes done [now] Bawstane Craig tha call, Quhair all thair stanis hapnit … Cassin togidder; Stewart 45581, 45584.
Howbeit the theif was haill in bowk and banis Ȝit weill I wait he wantit baith his stanis; Rolland Seven S. 7880.
King Alexander causes that all thair bairnes be geldit … This day the place may be seine, in quhilke thair stanes war castne; Dalr. I 338/7.
Setting thair feit betuix his leggis vpone his ball-cod and forceing thairby his stanes to loup vp in his liskis; 1621 Crim. Trials III 496.

II. attrib. or comb. as adj.

17. Consisting of stone, stony, rocky. Of Aventynus hill thrys assays he To brek and rent that craggy stone entre; Doug. viii iv 106.
Sua sal the sone af man be iii dais and iii nichtis in the hart of the ȝeird (that wesz in the stene grawe); Gau 46/14.
Where huge and hilly lands haue stone-fac'd scurrile bounds; Lithgow Trav. viii 375.

18. Built of stone; hewn or made from stone or ? decorated with precious, etc. stones. To … big, and agane rais the stane gavill … at the west nuke of that foirhous; 1443 Reg. Cambuskenneth 126.
For doun taking of the stane monȝeallis; 1516 Treas. Acc. V 96.
Twa stane corbalis to the widnes of the said Johnne Vilsone chymnay; 1521 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 174.
Stane bynkkis; 1535 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 191.
The Hill of Findon … wher ther sal be put ane stain cros; 1537 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 367.
ii irne gunnis without stockis, and four chalmeris and stane calmis thairto; 1542 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 577.
Three stane yeitts made in the said park dike; 1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II 286.
Ane haill land, stane biggin and foir tenement in the handis of James Rig; 1561 Edgar Hist. Dumfries 238.
Ane stane land & tenement liand on the west syd of the burcht of Drumfres; 1561–2 Dumfries B. Ct. 50b.
Tuo stone almeries; 1641 Kirkcaldy Presb. 203.
Ane wirt steane troch; ? 1641 Old Ross-shire I 125.
The hous … of Cloustane [with] stane ruiff, walls and pertinentis; 1653 Orkney Antiq. Soc. I 42.
Ane ston dyell standing on the stair heid; 1683 Inv. in Donibristle Mun. (Earl of Moray's MSS) 18 (9-10 May).
Mr. Alexander Paterson being heritor of some stone-lands within the Parliament-close; 1687 Lauder Notices Affairs II 820.
Maintaineing the comon milns … ane new house, ane stone stooll and other materials; 1692 Conv. Burghs IV 611.

b. Stanebrig, a stone-built bridge. Also as a place-name. Pontem qui dicitur stanbrig; ?c1230 Barrow Anglo-Norman Era App. C 201.
Thay … erected a fayre stane brig; Dalr. I 276/28.
At ane pairtt callit Slownk-dub, the quhilk is ane litill steane brig owr ane linne; Hist. Kennedy 12.
The magistrattis to caus repair the staine brig now destroyit; 1628 Dumbarton B. Rec. 29.
The staein bridge; 1651–2 Dumbarton Common Gd. Acc. 180.
Ane stane brig may be built with ane pen on the said burn; 1663 Dumbarton B. Rec. 81.
It was a buelding that consisted of 14 divers rowmes … a stone bridge for itts entrie; 1665 Lamont Diary 178.

c. Stane calsay, a street surfaced or paved with stones. Ascendand upwith the said swaill quhill it cum to the littill stane calsay; 1504 (1584) Reg. Great S. 239/2.
Caused heap the samen [sc. stones] at the foot of the staine calsay; 1665 Irvine Mun. II 191.

d. Stanechope, ? a particular shop identified by its being built of stone. The wares being in the stanechope; Hope Major Pract. I 126.
Merchant opposite the stine chop; 1658–1700 Greyfriars Interments 402.
Stinchop; 1658–1700 Greyfriars Interments 449.

e. Stane buik, ? a tablet or table of slate used to make notes, memoranda, etc. or ? a book with a cover decorated with precious or semi-precious stones (sense 11 above). [I had inspection of a] stane [book of Francis Mowbray's wherein was set down the words following]; 1602 Cal. Sc. P. XIII 1100.
This secretary's name is in his stone book or writing tables but for what cause or memory in Francis is not known; 1602 Cal. Sc. P. XIII 1104.
Item tua staine buikes with lockis; item ane litle boist contenand thairin fyftene litle stanes of litle worth; 1615 Reg. Privy S. 21 Nov.
Nyn gilt stane buikis estimat all to xvj lib. xiiij s.; 1643 Edinb. Test. LX 234b.
Ane dusson of ston books; 1664 Inventory 3-4 in Decr. Dalr. XI.

19. Consisting of stones. Stane-ballest; a1568 Sempill in Sat. P. xlvi 22.
Thairfra direct north doun ane stane balk betuix the Kilrig of the Middiltoun and the Bankrig of the Nethirtoun; 1595 Reg. Great S. 110/1.

20. Stane quarrell, a quarry supplying stone. Sten and stenquarrell, lym and lymkilles [etc.]; ?1536–7 Rec. Earld. Orkney 222.
In … working in the stane-querrel, wynning and beiring furth thairof stanes and red; 1610 Crim. Trials III 84.

21. With reference to the processing or use of stone, specif. a. Stane-barrow, -bot, -cart, -cobill, -slad, -tow, used in the transporting or manipulation of stone. b. Stane-bow, a child's bow or sling for firing small stones. c. Stane-ax, -hammer, tools used for working stone. d. Stane-hewar, -ledar, -man, a person engaged in quarrying, cutting or carting away stone. a. Henr. Fab. 2915 (see Barrow n.).
For vi small akin sparis for stane barrowis; 1530 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 48.
For the making of the thre stane barrois and thre how barrois with the sawaris wage xij s.; 1552–3 Edinb. Old Acc. I 84.
Sex stane barrows; 1598–9 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 107B/5.
Ane eschin trie to be stain barrowes and spaides; 1633 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 352.
Of ilk stane bot lossand in the havin j d.; 1471 Edinb. B. Rec. I 25.
1482 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 44.
To be gevin to Katherine Erskin … ane fische boit & half ane stane boit; 1584 Edinb. Test. XIII 127.
To Richart Savege [etc.] … cartaris witht the Kingis grace awine stane cartis; 1530 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 41.
For viii akin syppyllings … for ane new stane cart; 1530 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 48.
To the tua cartaris with the grete stane cartis ledand up leid fra Leyth; 1531 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 62.
For carage of ane stane cairt … to Linlithqw with certane querrell mellis upoun hir for my lorde governoures wark thair; 1550 Treas. Acc. IX 417.
For carage of ane other stane cairt furtht of Edinburght to Linlithqw, the first send agane becaus it was large; 1550 Treas. Acc. IX 418.
1618 Montgomery Mem. 280 (see Kart n.1 b).
Ane stane cairt body; 1622 Edinb. Test. LI 151.
Two long caird bodies, twa clos caird bodeis, twa staine caird bodies; 1645 Edinb. Test. LXI 170b.
Be deliverance to thame of the clap and happer yeard and stone cobill; 1638 Aboyne Rec. 285.
For … viii stirrapis to iiii stane sladis; 1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 184.
For x stane towis for gret lyftis of tymmer and stanis at the werk; 1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 170.
b. Ane stain-bow … Quhair-with he birdis and pyets slew; Alex. ii 5085.
Sa come ane child with stane bow in hand with lanyn pellokis to avenand; Hay Alex. 8845.
c. Ane hemmir ax & ane stane ax; c1564 Glasgow Test. II 5.
Ane staine hammer; 1625 Edinb. Test. LIII 114.
d. Paid to the sten hewar for my Lordis stan; 1498 Halyb. 216.
The querrell of staynes within the burrow mure is becum verray skant and … the suburbs are better servet thairwith nor the toun be the querriouris and stayne ledares; 1595 Edinb. B. Rec. V 133.
[Gilbert Blak,] stoneleader [at the West Port]; 1611 Reg. Privy C. IX 250.
Alexander Mar, stane leidar; Spalding II 411.
Quariours and stanemen; 1554–5 Edinb. Old Acc. I 155.
Johne Blak, stanman, … George Bartilmo, stanman; 1622 Misc. Hist. Soc. III 198.

22. a. Stane coles, mineral coal as opposed to charcoal or, perhaps, a particularly hard variety of coal. Stane lime (see Lime n.1 2). b. Stain fisch, prob. a fish found among stones, ? the gunnel (Sibbald Hist. Fife in SND s.v. Stane). c. Stone fern, see quot. d. Stainsterrie, appar. the plant fumitory, however, the etymology is not clear. a. This schire anew of stane coles to burne in the fyre, and abundantlie; Dalr. I 35/16.
b. Item coft lxxx hering pryce ix d. for flukis garweis & stain fisch xii d.; 1512 Household Bk. Jas. IV 2a.
Item for flukis crunanys & stain fisch viii d.; 1512 Household Bk. Jas. IV 2b.
c. Adiantum album folio filicis, … B. P. White Stone-fern or Maiden-hair; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. ii 7.
d. Fumus terre, stainsterrie; Herbarius Latinus Annot. lxi (Bot.).

23. Stone-mark, a sign or indication cut in stone, only fig. The preaching of the gospel has been an excellent stone-mark showing the richt way; 1644 Petrie Chiliasto-Mastix 52.

24. Stane hartit, having a heart of stone. Cf. 3 above. It wald maid ane stane hartit man to greit and bevail; Diurn. Occurr. 194.
O stoin hairtit mane crewell & vnkind; a1624 Edinb. Univ. MS La.ii.319.

25. a. Stone cutter, a surgeon who engages in the removal of kidney, etc. stones. (Cf. 16 above.) b. Stone gravell, = 16 above, perhaps, however, a var. of stonie gravell (Stany adj.) c. Stane worme, appar. a disease of some sort. d. Stane wring, the pain caused by kidney, etc. stones. Cf. 17th c. Eng. stone colick. Perhaps, however, a variant of Stany adj. (cf. stany wring). e. Stane hors, an entire horse, a stallion. Cf. 16 c above. a. [It was this peculiarity of lithotomy as an operation tabooed by the profession which perhaps obliged the town council of Glasgow to appoint a] stone-cutter [for the city]; 1661 Duncan Glasg. Physic. & Surg. 53.
b. To a poor boy diseased with the stone gravell; 1669 Cullen Kirk S. 29 Aug.
c. The stane worme, the ringworme, not slaiking of swame; Montg. Flyt. 336 (T).
d. The stane wring stane and stane blind; Rowll Cursing 61 (B).
e. Will ȝe heirfor a man to be as a stane hors or mule? Winȝet I 130/7.
Ane inchantit deid foill to be put in the said Sir George his stable in Beruik betuix his stane horsses; 1631 Justiciary Cases I 170.

III. 26. A unit of weight for goods in bulk, considered as comprising a set number of pounds (latterly 16), the multiplier depending to some extent on the period and the type of produce weighed, which also determined the appropriate pound unit. First defined in the Assize attributed to David I as 15 pounds, where the pound is 15 Cologne ounces, with the stone of wax at 8 pounds. The stone of which 12 make the waw of wool (hence 24 to the woolsack) in the same Assize is of 15 Flemish avoirdupois pounds. The stone of the 1426 Assize is of 16 merchant or ‘Scots’ pounds of 16 Cologne ounces (although defined as 15 trois pounds), and of 16 French or Flemish 16-ounce trois pounds from 1563. The versions of these assizes printed in Acts are defective—for an interpretation of the legislation see R. D. Connor & A. D. C. Simpson, The Weights and Measures of Scotland (forthcoming, 1998). The trone stone, or Lanark stone, of 16 trone pounds, was the weight unit of internal trade, equivalent to 20 Scots pounds to 1563 and subsequently 20 trois pounds. For these units and their relationship to earlier units see A. D. C. Simpson, ‘Scots ‘Trone’ Weight: Preliminary Observations on the Origins of Scotland's Market Weights', Northern Studies 29 (1992) 62-81. (a) Gyf it be weyit be wawys … gyf it be weyit be stanys; Bute MS 170b.
The stane for weying of woll and uther geir aw to wey xv pund. Item the stane of wax aw to conteyne viij pund. Item the vaw aw to conteyn xij stane; Acts I 309/2.
Wechtis or mesouris as stane pundis [etc.]; 1511–12 Reg. Privy S. I 363/1.
All mesouris baith pynt quart fyrlot peck elnwand, stane and pund; 1555 Acts II 496/2.
The stane, for weying of woll and uther geir, did wey xv pund, but now xvi pund; Balfour Pract. 90.
The pund trois and the stane proportionat and effeirng thairto; 1587 Acts III 521/2.
Comptand v stane for the boll as said is; 1595 Skene in Misc. Stair Soc. I 140.
The last exactlie weyed will conteine of our Trois weicht sex score sex stanes; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Serplath.
Ilk pak is als great als halfe ane sek of wooll skinnes and conteinis in weicht threttie sex Sprusse stanes. Ilk Sprusse stane conteinis twentie aucht pound Trois weicht; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Serplath.
Ane stane and twa pund Scottish makis ane lesh pund; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Serplath.
Bisset II 208/13.
Tua troise stanes, tua half troise stanes; 1645 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 47.
Inventor of the wechts … in the custom house … Imprimis sex yron wechts with rings, viz., ane four stane twa pund, another of thrie stane [etc.] … all Flanders wecht. Item ane on stane and half of tron wecht; 1656 Dumbarton B. Rec. 71.
(b) 126 stone make a fider of lead; Paterson Sc. Arithm. 7.
They say the stone of trone weight will be 21 trois weight, which is the ordinary at which meall is weighted; 1688 Cunningham Diary 24.
Lanerk troy weight that is the weight of the stone and its fractions committed to the custody of the burgh of Lanerk and knawen to be the standart of the weight within this kingdome; 1696 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II 269.
attrib. Payeit for ane pair of ballance and ane twa staine pyle; 1582–3 Cunȝiehous Acc. 5b.

b. specif. With reference to the weight of bullion. His Majesteis silver plaitt and veschell … of the weyght following … aucht basines [etc.] … weyand of Inglishe weyght 771 unceis and of Scottis weyght 784 unceis and tua drop weyght; fourtie candilstickis … of Inglishe weyght 1004 unceis and of Scottis weght 1021 unceis and 12 drop [etc.] … extending in the haill of Scottis weght to threttie fyve stanes thretteene pundis lxxiiij unce fyve drop weght; 1617 Reg. Privy C. XI 133.
Our ingotts or money weights are subdivyded … 24 deniers goes to ane oz, sextein ounces to a lb, sexteine pounds to a stone, which is the highest denominatione; c1650 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I lxvi.

c. An instance of this: The weight of a commodity. Also stane of weicht. (1) Thre futhir of lede, ilke futhir contenand sex score of stanys; 1474 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. 332.
It is somer cheis, … He sayis it weyis ane stane; Henr. Fab. 2356.
Ane new cabill and four new tollys, weyand xxxv stane; 1494 Treas. Acc. I 253.
Fedderis to the quantite of half a staine; 1530 Edinb. B. Rec. II 42.
For twa new matokis contenand ane stane and half ane pund wecht maid irne werk; 1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 185.
Ane chimlay of irne, estimat to tua stene wecht or thairby; 1556 Prot. Bk. Gilbert Grote 12.
The said … gutter of leid … inlakit in the newe casting foure stane; 1561–2 Edinb. Old Acc. II 160.
Thre boundis of lynt weyand foure stanis price of the stane tuentie s.; 1567 Edinb. Test. I 29b.
Fyve peces coper wyis sewin Scottis stanes; 1595 Wedderb. Compt Bk. 135.
Candill for the kirk extending to ane steane; 1602 Montrose Treas. Acc. 11.
Cleik naillis weyand tua staine; 1628 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 260.
(2) He … presentit to hir the foirnameit font of fyne gold of tua stanes of weicht or thairby; Diurn. Occurr. 103.

d. The (ilk) stane, per stone. (1) Pryces of the … guids … the stayne walx, xiij s. iiij d.; 1546 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 123.
The wnlaid woll at aucht pund the staine; 1627 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II 556.
Tallow, xlsh the staine; 1633 Dumbarton B. Rec. 42.
Rough tallow to be sold for 48 s. Scots the stone; 1697 Glasgow B. Rec. IV 257.
(2) ix ellis of ell braid claith of ilk stane of clene vow; 1526 Carnwath Baron Ct. (SHS) 54.

e. Const. of a commodity. sing. Half a stan of wax; 1456 Peebles B. Rec. I 113.
Ane stane of bras; 1501 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 115.
For ane stane of rede lede to it [supra the gret portculis], xxxij s.; 1504 Treas. Acc. II 277.
Ane stene of walx onforgiffin within fifteen days to Sanct Eloyis lycht; 1518 Perth Hammermen 2.
For ane stane of horne glew xxxii s.; 1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 91.
For ane stane of downis to fill the said cuschionis with; 1541 Treas. Acc. VII 468.
That all bucheris and flesseris sel the stain off talloun for xl s.; 1611 Inverness Rec. II 84.
For a stin & a helff of candell 4 li. 12 s.; Skipper's Acc. (Smettone) 5.
Ane stone of butter; 1673 Galloway P. 7 April.
The commissioners did first appoint a moderate price for the straw & hay … being 2 s. for the stane of straw and 30 d. for the stane of hay; 1680 Cunningham Diary 20.
Item each stone of chies eight penneys for custom and mercat; 1685 Kirkintilloch B. Ct. 135.
I'le send you a stone of cheese the morn; Answ. Presb. Eloq. 67.
pl. (1) vi stane of wol i d.; Bute MS 170b.
xii stane and a half of irne to the bryg; 1453 Misc. Spald. C. V 49.
Of cunȝeit god [sic] thai send ane thousand stane; Hay Alex. 2599.
vij stane of takkillis … for bynding of the gunnis; 1542 Aberd. B. Rec. I 185.
xv stane of leid to be bullattis; 1547 Armstrong Hist. Liddesdale App. lxxix.
xix staine of rosat … price of staine x s.; 1575 Dumfries B. Ct. 21 March.
That James Duncan … sall pey to the laird twa stein of brew chres ȝeirlie; 1617 Urie Baron Ct. 18.
For 3 stin & half of butter 15 li. 15 s.; Skipper's Acc. (Smettone) 4b.
For twa stoan of ȝoull; 1681 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 29 July.
(2) The … withhaldin of … lx stanys of cheis and v corspresandis of the teyndys of the kirk of Stow; 1471 Acta Aud. 23/1.
Four stanis of leid; 1529–30 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 25.
Certane stanis of silver veschell; 1553–4 Reg. Privy C. I 152.
Hir Majestie dissirit to knaw quhow mony stayns theyre is of the chayne … theyre is four hundrethe [etc.]; c1567 Melville Corr. 232.
Thre staneis of uther fyne silver to be cunyeit in half mark and fourty penny peces; 1577 Reg. Privy S. VII 145/2.
Nyn shilling for thrie stanes of hay; 1675 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 16 June.

f. With omission of of. sing. For ilk stane fynyne that he fynys of lede iij d.; 1394 Liber Aberbr. II 43.
j stene cheis; 1544 Argyll Rentals 11 June.
Ane staine lint; 1586 St. A. Test. II 65.
Be deliuering of stane beir and meill; 1589 Prot. Bk. A. Gibson 67b.
Ane stin mealling … qlk. pertenit to Will. Meall; 1614 Orkney Rentals ii 122.
For a ston hopes to the said malt; 1714 Household Bk. Gr. Baillie 91.
pl. (1) Helene Neilsone to preif … that scho bocht fra Marion Moreson 3 stain ȝarne; c1456 Edinb. B. Rec. MS (Reg. H.) 2.
For v½ stane herdis; 1512 Treas. Acc. IV 451.
Tua stane caldroun bras price of the stane wecht iij li. v s.; 1595 Edinb. Test. XXVIII 47b.
Ten stone harts' horns; 1597 Exch. R. XXIII 184.
xii merks money as for the price of twa stain lint; 1603 Inverness Rec. II 4.
(2) Threscore of stanis cheise; 1496 Acta Conc. II 20.
ij stanis carvell nallis; 1534 Treas. Acc. VI 235.
Sex scoir of stenis calk; 1558–9 Edinb. Old Acc. I 286.
Twenti staines butter twelff staines cheis; 16… Bk. Dunvegan I 119.

g. ellipt. or without construction. sing. That thai pay unto hir Majestie the tent stane fre of every ure and mettall that thai sall … win; 1565 Reg. Privy C. I 330.
30 lb. butter, 1 steine half at 5 lib. 6 s. 8 d., 8 lib.; 1650–1 Misc. Spald. C. V 177.
Of Inglis fleis wooll ane stone; 1664 Edinb. Test. LXXI 253.
pl. (1) Leyd … deliverit to the said plumbar … , ilk hunder stane inlaikand xv stane; 1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 74.
(2) [He] weyit the same in small, sic as pund, half pund, and half staynis; 1551 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 155.
Off cunningis, viij; off butter to the laidnar, ij staines; 1626 Black Bk. Taymouth 316.
William Tarres … being accusit for bying of tallone … confessit the bying of sevin or aucht steanes anno 1642; 1643 Elgin Rec. I 279.

27. A stone or a piece of metal of the requisite weight, used for weighing goods. a. A stone, appar. as in 1 above, appar. of much greater weight than the stone weight defined in 26 above. b. A weight of the standard defined in 26 above. See also Lede n.1 4 a, Pund-stane n. a. That the crelis [of coal] be made efter the bott the quhilk salbe a selit bott & that to be weyt in ij crelis and a gibbat to be made & a stane weyand the half bott; 1454 Perth Guildry 13 Dec.
b. For the tursing of xij stane of irne werk to Dumbertane, and ane stane to wey the samen; 1494 Treas. Acc. I 252.
The common throne is set to ane vorchty man, James Bradfut, … and the said James sall leif the veycht stane and all mesouris usit be hyme to his successouris; 1533 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 133.
Ane veiff baux vith the veychtis, ane leid stane, ane stane of trois veycht vith ballandis; 1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 144.
The commoun stane to be put in sure keping in the commoun kist; 1556 Peebles B. Rec. I 235.
Tua of thair toun … come and tuik the rycht mussour of our prencipall stain within our brucht; 1570 Lanark B. Rec. 52.
To cairrie the custume staine to Edinburgh to mak guid with thair staine; 1628 Peebles Gleanings 96.
For mending the tounes halfe stane; 1640 Dumfries Treas. Acc. MS 9b.

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"Stan(e n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 13 Apr 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/stane_n>

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