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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Intil(l, Intyll, prep. [ME. in tel (1255), in til (c 1300), intil, intyl, intill (1562), f. In adv. and Till prep. Frequently written as two words. In later use northern and Scottish.]

A. = Into, A.

1. So as to enter or get into (a place or receptacle). 1375 Barb. ii. 421.
Syne all the small folk … He send with harnase and vittale In-till the park
Ib. xiii. 498.
Quharfor syne in-till Ingland He was banyst
Ib. xviii. 231.
He tuk purpos for to ryde … in till Scotland
a1400 Leg. S. x. 7.
In til a towne he come forby
1386 Rotuli Sc. II. 85/2.
To entre and to isse, to gang and to come intil Ingland
c1420 Wynt. I. 1573.
He gat in tyll a gala … And passyd the se
c1460 Consail of Wysman 266.
Thai … in tyll hevyn sal neuer cum
c1475 Wall. I. 155.
In till Dunde Wallace to scule thai send
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxxiii. 112.
Quhill all the pennis of it outsprang In till the air full wyde
a1540 Freiris Berw. 556 (M).
At our the bak in till ane myre he fell
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 130.
Intyll ane park I past
1596 Dalr. I. 249/25.
An honorable monasterie to accepte thame intil
Ib. 328/18.
How sune that he was receauet, he was borne in till a chalmber
1682 Lauder's Observes App. iv. 304.
His enemies ... might perhaps ... have put some crooked prin intil it

2. In various contexts, implying placing, division, transmission, happening, change, etc. See In prep. 16 b, c. 1375 Barb. xvii. 559.
Thai … delit thame in till battellis twa
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 870.
Her for to help … Or that scho fall handes in till That hyr … sla will
c1420 Wynt. iv. 33.
In tyll this part [of the treatise] gyffe yhe procede
Ib. vii. 1524.
This man … fell in till a collatyown Wyth the Kyng
a1500 Henr. Orph. 159.
Chaungit sall be … My diademe in till ane hat of hair
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. i. 614.
That Venus suld … In till sum … best transfigurat me
Ib. 629.
Intill ane wolf thay did Lycaon turne
1567 G. Ball. 54.
Sen we are now at Goddis peace Intill his fauour we are taine
1571 Sat. P. xxvii. 41.
Thow will put all intill apperand perell Gif Inglis forcis in this realme repair
1596 Dalr. I. 141/14.
He fell intill al kynde of lust
1622 Crim. Trials III. 608.
[The witch says] I sall goe intill a craw
1682 Lauder Observes 303.
The lounes … fell intil a debate amongist themselves

B. = In prep. in various senses.

1. a. In (a country or some part or place of one). 1375 Barb. iii. 95.
The hardiest [men] … That war intill all that cuntre
Ib. xx. 48.
All the clame that thai mycht haff In till Scotland
c1420 Wynt. vii. 605.
In till Dunde Tyll God the spyryte than yhald he
Ib. viii. 5364.
Willame … gat till hym a company … In till the vale off Anand
1535 Stewart 95.
… Intill ane place callit Ecolumkill, … In Iona yle within the occident se
Ib. 34146.
That neuir Scot intill all Albione … be left levand
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4284.
He hes in tyll ilk countre His Princis of gret grauytie
1567 Sat. P. vii. 2.
As I allone did walk Intill ane place was plesand to behauld
?1549 Monro W. Isles 16.
Thair is ane loch intill it [Uist] callit Loch Vi

b. In or within (a natural feature of the earth or place); among (these). 1375 Barb. vii. 71.
He … stud in-till a busk lurkand
Ib. x. 560 (E).
A strayt roid … In till the crage syne doun I went
Ib. xiv. 391.
Richarde of Clar, and other … war Herbryit in-till a forest syde
14.. Acts I. 323/2.
The forster … aw till mak a cors in till the erde
c1420 Wynt. i. 648.
In tyll the hyllis of that land The pigmaveis ar duelland
Ib. vi. 1280.
With a prest in till his way He ete
a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 19.
The sone, the mone, & sternis to our sicht Ar neir all closit in till a clond obscure
1513 Doug. xiii. iv. 68.
Lyke as that emottis Had beldit … Intill a cliff thar byke
1535 Stewart 8824.
Ane staill of Romanes lay intill ane slak
1573 Sat. P. xlii. 288.
Fals fenȝeit Judasis, … In till all airth, baith north and south

c. In (a structure, or place in this, a receptacle or container). 1375 Barb. iv. 38.
Schyr Ranald wes … Hangyt in till a berne in Ar
Ib. viii. 490.
Thai fand in till his awmener A letter
Ib. xix. 663.
In till the luge a fox he saw
a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 1068.
In till his study [he] sait a day
c1420 Wynt. I. 396.
In tyll that schype he gart herbry
Ib. iv. 2355.
As he in tyll his chawmyr lay In tyll his bed
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 219/16.
The sege that was liand about the castell … and Schir William … was in till it
1535 Stewart 12392.
Scheip that la intill ane fald
1536 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 76.
The woll … thair to be sauld and intill nane vther place
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1067.
Lyke byrdis in tyll ane cage
15.. Clar. iii. 434.
The Queine intill ane uther chalmer lyis
1560 Rolland Seven S. 7236.
He fand the Quene sitting intill hir bowre
1572 Sat. P. xxxi. 101.
Thai wald haif wist hir swoumand Intil a bait
a1578 Pitsc. I. 197/2.
This hielandman … seand the pailȝeoun and nane intill it … , tuik the samin [crown]

d. In, within, or during (a certain time). 1375 Barb. i. 340.
As to the gud Erle of Artayis … befell intill his dayis
Ib. iii. 163.
In-till litill tyd
Ib. vi. 211.
Intill the evynnyng
Ib. xi. 303.
In-till an litill thraw
Ib. xv. 106.
In till the nycht
a1400 Leg. S. xxv. 113.
Sancte Julyane … In til his tyme wes na glotoun
Ib. xxvii. 1013.
He tholit in till that houre … mony herd schoure
1407 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 65.
Intill the tyme that he ore yon be fullily assethit
c1420 Wynt. v. 3087.
He maid … dedicatiowne … Off the kirk in till his dayis
Ib. 3352.
That fay That Arryus held in tyll hys day
c1475 Wall. I. 158.
Thus he conteynde in till hys tendyr age
a1508 Kynd Kittok 28.
Sche lukit out on a day, … in till ane euill hour
a1585 Maitl. Q. lxix. 1.
Intill ane morning mirthfullest of May

e. With various nouns denoting or implying some concrete thing.With the examples given in (1) compare those for in hand, Hand n. 4.(1) 1375 Barb. v. 577.
Had nocht God … Set help in till his awne hand He had ben ded
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 870.
That scho fall handes in-till That hyr defoule or hyr sla will
1398 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 37.
In til the handis of that ilke Thomas
c1420 Wynt. vi. 2216.
Off that wode than ilka man In till hys hand a busk tuk than
Ib. viii. 2782.
All the land That yhe hawe now in till yhoure hand
1513 Doug. v. xiii. 26.
Haldand a cowpe of gold intil hys hand
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2296.
Sanct Apollin … With all hir tethe in tyll hir handis
(2) a1400 Leg. S. Prol. 39.
Sum mentioun of Christe … That scho in til hire hart had hyd
1456 Hay II. 52/11.
Than suld noblesse … be intill all noble knichtis
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 15.
In till oure hert quhill thou art herbriour, We ar wiser than wes King Salomone
1567 G. Ball. 33.
The paine, … Abone mesour, sall wirk eternall gloir In till our saull
(3) 1375 Barb. xii. 426.
In till thair rowtis men mycht se The Ynglis men in othir party
Ib. xv. 354.
Bath the forreouris and the staill In-tyll a childrome knyt all haill
a1400 Leg. S. xli. 127.
Bot his thret na his gluthryng scho set bath in til a lyne, & at his wordis made smylyng
(4) 1375 Barb. xvii. 714.
The schipmen … Com with … thair schippis till assail … and wicht men armyt intill steill
c1475 Wall. iii. 167.
Thair cheyff chyftan, … fers as fyr, … On a gret hors, … in till his glitterand geir
a1500 Rauf C. 409.
He preikit full prest, Intill his harnes all haill
a1540 Freiris Berw. 474 (M).
That he appeir in till our habite quhyt, … till our ordour it war ane grit despyte
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2875.
Quhen scho wes intyll armour dycht, Mycht no man knaw hir be one knycht
(5) c1420 Wynt. v. 304.
As Josephus Signifyis in tyll hys buk till ws
Ib. ii. 10.
As Orosius In tyll hys cornyklys tellys ws
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. ii. 18.
Of quhome the bountie … Vneith may be intill ane scripture brewit
(6) 1535 Stewart 4071.
Intill ane fyre tha brint it all in as
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 963.
A spoung … intill wynakar thai soupit
1513 Doug. ii. viii. 03.
The edder … With forkit tong intyll his mouth quytterand
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4185.
As may be red at length in tyll his storye
1560 Rolland Seven S. 3628.
Vpon a tyme I red intill ane quair [etc.]
1568 Lyndesay Pref. ii.
Intill his bukis to speik he did nocht spair
(7) 1375 Barb. vii. 142.
To trow in-till vs any ill

f. Placed at the end of a relative clause. Cf. Into B. 4. 1496 Acta Conc. II. 39.
The oppinarris of the sade sek that the … gold was intill
1513 Doug. i. iii. 75, comm.
The water, quhilk is … ganand to sayll or swym intyll
1531 Bell. Boece II. 490.
The said Erlis … gat the toun … with the castell thairof to remaine intill
1535 Stewart 16588.
Thair wes … nane that tyme that he mycht traist in till
1553 Lanark B. Rec. 24.
The hous that he duellis in tyll
1571 Misc. Bann. C. III. 125.
Thair was prepared a bath-fatt for to bathe me intill
1636 Brechin Test. V. 203.
Scho … leiffis equallie betuix hir & the said Elspet … the bed claythis that they ly intill
1652 Lindores Abbey 212.
That they would … desyne some pairt in the church for him … to sett up some seat intill

2. Used in place of in with many nouns of the same kind as those illustrated under In prep. 4–15.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 186.
Bath castell and toune War intill his possessioune
Ib. iii. 238.
In-till hy
Ib. iv. 627.
God furthir vs in till our fair
Ib. vi. 560.
In-till a lyng
Ib. xv. 389.
He had in till custum all-way To pres him the chiftane to sla
a1400 Leg. S. xxvi. 178.
[He was] blyth in til admonestyng
c1420 Wynt. iv. 887.
How oure frendys … In till oure suppowale ras
Ib. v. 1364.
Thare was na man that wald contrare This byschope in till word or deyde
Ib. vi. 492.
In till procession … As scho past
c1450-2 Howlat 110.
I … Askis helpe in till haist at your halynes
a1500 Bk. Chess 25.
Sum in till hunting has thair hale delyte
Ib. 2053.
The king More sober is in till his first moving
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 153.
This fair ȝoung Prince … Schew intill ded that he his pepill lude
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 965.
Cicero, intyll oratrye, [Was] neuer half sa eloquent
(2) 1375 Barb. xiii. 270.
Thai war than intill sa gret effray
Ib. xvii. 710.
Thai … Defendit manfully thar stede In till gret auentur of dede
c1420 Wynt. ii. 384.
In tyll gret dystres thai ware
Ib. vii. 2178.
This I wrat noucht in errwre … na in till dyshonwre
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xlii. 4.
Till hir … I me commend, … Intill hir bandoun for to rest
1540 Lynd. Sat. 193.
I haue bene in ane ferie farie, Or ellis intill ane trance
c1550 Id. Meldrum 1392.
Quhen this gude knicht the squyer saw, Thus lyand in till his deid thraw
(3) 1375 Barb. iv. 236.
Thai mak ay thair ansuering In-till dowbill vndirstanding
Ib. xx. 72.
The gud Lord alls Dowglas Intill hys steid ordanyt he
a1400 Leg. S. iv. 213.
In till his name I command thé That … thou ryse
c1420 Wynt. ii. 325.
[The king] helde hym in tyll gret daynte
Ib. iv. 2532.
That denere … Suld have bene intyll walu. Ten pennys
c1420 Ratis R. 72.
Thai thre termes ar ay present Intyll his rychtwys jugment
a1500 Quare Jel. 299.
This may be clept a wrech intill his mynd
1513 Doug. xiii. Prol. 121.
Quhou he was dung and beft intill hys sleip
a1570-86 Maitland M. Fol. xiv. 62.
The warldis instabilitie That never still in till ane stait dois byde
1573 Sat. P. xl. 287.
To let the tyrannis se … that he can his alquhair Preserue maist surely intill vprichtness
(4) 1375 Barb. xvii. 249.
Spryngalds ... He purvait in-till full gret wane
(5) a1400 Leg. S. ii. 124.
That ... kinge We sall serwe in till al thinge
1560 Rolland Seven S. 4287.(6) 1375 Barb. v. 23.
Thai ... rowit alwayis in till ane
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 3312.
Thay did conclude all in till one Thay wald nocht [etc.]

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"Intil prep.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 2 Dec 2022 <>



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