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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).

Pas, Pass(e, v. Also: pase; pais(s, pays, paice; past; paus. P.t. and p.p. passit, -yt, -yd, -et, -ed, -ith; past(e, pasd; paist, pais(s)it, paicet; pastit. [ME. and e.m.E. passe(n (Ancr. R.), pas, pase, pace (14th c.), to pass, etc., also to pace (1570), also passi (c 1275), paci (1340), p.t. passyd, -id(e, -ed(e, paced, past, p.p. (yor i-) passid, -ed, past(e, OF. passer (11th c. in Littré), med. L. passare.]Conjugated with be in perf. tenses, even (usu., except in later use) in trans. senses.

A. Intransitive uses.

I. As a verb of motion (cf. 18 below).For further examples, see Lat v. 8.

1. To go or proceed.A very common (but ? more or less literary or formal) word for this throughout the period.Also fig.(1) 1375 Barb. vi. 584 (E).
[The dog] folowit But waweryng as he passyt was
c1420 Wynt. vi. 2180.
I will … wyth thé Pas
Ib. v. 3781. c1420 Bute MS. fol. 172 b.
And als fer as thai pas ferrar then the recept
1456 Hay I. 208/3.
Men suld first pas with lettres of instaunce [etc.]
1468 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 24. 1489 Treas. Acc. I. 124.
To Will Wryth that past to bryng the bott fra the Blaknes
1490 Acta Conc. I. 138/2.
jc wedderis … wer passand on the castell hill
1494 Loutfut MS. 31 a.
Delphyn … trepassis throw & throwth the sey as it war fleand and passis mony to gidder
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxvi. 35 (M).
1531 Aberd. B. Rec. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 124.
Thay sall pas ilk craft be thame self … last … passis all hemmirmen
1532 E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. II. 99.
At the smyths sall pas onder the tounes banner
1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 93. 15.. Clar. iv. 207.
I have sent for ȝow … To pase for hir
1560 Rolland Seven S. 767. 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 342.
The laird of Lochinver beand passand to ane hunting
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 1025.
His mengȝe … passit and brocht hym Sanct Machor
1482–3 Acta Conc. II. cxx.
Our soverane lord sal … cause the Clerc of Register to pas and seik the ald chekker rollis
1505 Treas. Acc. III. 162.
To ane messingeir to pas to summond the lard of Corstorphyn
1510 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I. 97.
The said mar to pas and warne the said Johnne
1518 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 176.
And ordanis the seriands to pas this nicht and bring in of the mure James Smyth
1533 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 101.
The said Jhone requestit the said balle to past to the saidis persones and rasaw thaim [etc.]
1537 Glasgow Prot. IV. 116.
Jhon Law … past and fand na insprecht [etc.]
1547 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 130.
That the thesaurer pas and vesy the faltis of ports and wallis of the towne
1563 Reg. Privy C. I. 249. 1583 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. 186. 1584 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 347.
Quha sall pas visie and try quhat seiknes that persoun deyet into
1588 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 39. 1610 Rec. Earld. Orkney 184.
I … past and laffullie chargit … all the parteis abone wreittin
1612–13 Misc. Spald. C. V. 91.
Past with James Dauidsone nottar [etc.] … and maid interruptione [etc.]
fig. 1572 Sempill Sat. P. xxx. i.
Thow emptie pen, pas but experience … and do thy diligence This pure complaint … to deploir

b. To go away or depart. c. To go by or pass. d. To go about or travel.b. 1375 Barb. i. 629.
The King … let hym with the lettir passe
1388 Douglas Chart. 33.
And qwhen that hir likys to remofe so sal haf … leif to pas at hir will
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 3034.
He on na wys wald sudiorne Bot … He passed
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 2357.
Quhan he saw that Alexander was past [: traist]
a1500 K. Hart 786. c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. xvii. 20.
Ye sal say to this hill, Pas thou hyne, and it sal pas
1622-6 Bisset II. 207/8.
The awaill thairof … quhilk salbe kend or he pase be tryell
c. 1375 Barb. viii. 463.
Thai … prikit furth sa vilfully To vyn the ladis at thai saw pas
1456 Hay I. 47/20.
That the Romaynis wald passe nere
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 3158.
The king in passand gaue him sic ane straik
1549 Compl. 6/11.
The hagbutaris past neir to the camp of ther enemeis
d. c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2537.
Biggand frome dure to dur I pas
1498 Reg. Privy S. I. 26/1.
Licence … to pas and repas with lettrez clos and patent
1523 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 68.
To begyne at ane end of the towne and reulfully to pas about and [etc.]
1531 Bell. Boece II. 308.
King Malcolme had ane saif conduct to pas and repas
1561 Reg. Privy C. I. 162.
That na skipparis marineris nor utheris pas in cumpany with thame
1653 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 259.
Goeing throw the haill streitis … and paseing frae house to house

e. To go down the gullet. — 1680-6 Lauder Observes 305.
Bot … it passed not … one part of it hindering another, fighting in his hasse

2. With various other locative complements.

a. With animate subject.Freq. in references to spiritual destination.(1) (a) 1375 Barb. iv. 354 (E).
Tharfor till Aran pas will we
Ib. ii. 132. c1420 Wynt. vii. 2509.
Lowys … Wyth a gret nawyne past be se
1456 Hay I. 178/33. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 3393.
The forray was ay passand vnto Tyre
1488 Treas. Acc. I. 92, etc. 1505 Misc. Spald. C. V. 35.
And lewis thar … clerk … to pas quhareuer he emplessis
1515 Acta Conc. MS. XXVII. 83.
Quhen he wes passand to deid to be heidit
1516 Treas. Acc. V. 82.
To pas with ane letter of inhibitioun to the werkaris in the goldin mynd
a1538 Abell 13 b.
Thai fenȝit to pas furth to thare nedis of natur
1602 Stirling Merch. Guild 19.
All gild breither … that passis on the merkat ewin to landvart fleschers
1623 Black Bk. Taymouth 364.
Thair heall ky [etc.] … to pas to scheillingis
(b) 1515 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 33.
That na man pais to Jeddard quhill [etc.]
(b, c) 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
Our lorde the Kynge was passit in the northe partis of Scotlande
(b) 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 58.
[They] past syne … to land
c1420 Wynt. v. 519.
At ewyn to bed syne quhen he past
1531 Bell. Boece II. 115.(c) 15.. Clar. iii. 1933.
He paicet furth and fand a small passage
(d) 1580 Misc. Spald. C. II. 53.
Thair eftir I paist to Dunnotter
1606 Inverness Rec. II. 35.
(2) 1375 Barb. ii. 435.
Gud is we pas off thar daunger
?1438 Alex. i. 623. c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1391.
Vlixes … frome Troy is passit thiftfully
c1420 Wynt. vi. 475.
Wyth hyr luwe scho past off land
14.. Acts I. 6/2. 1453 Douglas Bequest MS. No. 108, xii. i (Reg. H.).
To pas of the realme of Scotland
1479 Acta Conc. I. 45/1.
The persouns that past fra the eleccioun of the said Alexander
1535 Stewart 12032.
Ane fit on force micht gar thame pas abak
1542 Acts II. 412/2.
In cas the Quenis grace … passis furth of the realme [etc.]
1563 Grant Chart. 129.
That nane pas out of the wattyr nowcht be schip or boyt
1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I. 87.
Or thow was weill past owt of hir hows
1662–3 in Wodrow Hist. (1828) I. 302.
Put under restraint not to pass off the town
(3) 1375 Barb. iii. 696.
Thai raysyt saile … And by the Mole thai passyt ȝar
a1400 Leg. S. xix. 121.
The feynd … Lewit the gat & passit by Thru thornis scharpe
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 93.
As thay passit be Ireland coist
a1578 Pitsc. I. 288/23.
They lute him pase by but ony impediement
1578 Inverness Rec. I. 261.
Confessis hir man to haif past bye the Kingis myln to vther mylnis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. (S.T.S.) 17/175.
Thy ghaistly luke fleys folkis that pas thé by
(4) 1375 Barb. xvi. 319.
He wes passit throu all Irland Fra end to end
a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 520.
Oure al the ile thai passit sone
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1703.
As thai war throw the se passand
c1420 Wynt. vi. 2203.
This Malcolme … past oure Forth
1498 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 427.
Mabuys belman … to pas ilka Mononday throucht the toune
1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I. 93.
His hewkis meitts thé passand our the Thewis Briggis
1612 Stirling B. Rec. I. 132.
Fremen … passing langis the said brig
(5) a1400 Leg. S. xix. 268.
Hame he passit til his bewist
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1631.
Agamenone and Menelay … askit leif that thai Mycht pas home
a1500 Rauf C. 71.
Thow suld be welcum to pas hame with me
1535 Stewart 58027.
[He] passit hame awa
1610 Reg. Privy C. IX. 83.
Craving licence to pas home
(6) a1400 Leg. S. i. 562.
Of the capitale in the mast hecht He passit vpe
1531 Lynd. (S.T.S.) IV. 255.
The empriour … passis wp in Almanȝe
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1593.
As he past doun the streit
(7) c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1642.
And passand on frome Troy sone thai Entered in schippis
c1420 Wynt. viii. 1654.
And on he passyd rycht hastyly
15.. Clar. ii. 279.
Pas on and intromet ȝow not with me
(8) c1475 Wall. vii. 547.
Will yhe … pas befor and tak his benysone?
a1578 Pitsc. I. 142/24.
Donald of the Yillis … sould pase ane learge myle befor the rest of the oist
(9) a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 248 (Asl.).
As we war pilgrimis passand to & fro
1531 Bell. Boece II. 52.
Certane marchandis wer passand betwix Forth and Flanderis
1537 Edinb. Hammermen 3.
That the dekin … pas about the hale craft … that [etc.]
1573 Three Reformers 87.
He maid na stop bot passit to fra hand
(10) 1546 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 242.
That na maner of persoun … pas vpoun burd on ony schip … without speciale licence of the … counsale
(11) a1400 Leg. S. xi. 13.
That der Jhesu Passit in hewyne
Ib. xxii. 685. c1420 Wynt. vii. 2390.
Oure Kyng … Past off this warld till his lang hame
1456 Hay I. 171/32.
To be the mare cruelly punyst in hell quhen thai pas hyne
1461 Liber Plusc. I. 385.
Anon we pas to lyffyng eternelle
1490 Irland Mir. I. 15/33.
He js passit fra ws
Ib. II. 140/17. 1533 Gau 49/29.
He is the same quhilk passit vp abwne to the heuine
1554 Misc. Bann. C. III. 77.
Erile Mawnis … passit fra this licht till euerlestand
(b) a1538 Abell 41 a.
And syne thai pausit in Christ

b. Of material things.(1) c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 821 (D).
Of blood that of hys corps gane pas
c1420 Wynt. vi. 2065.
Fra that the sowth bate ware sene … Fra the sowth as than passand
c1420 Bute MS. fol. 173 b.
A schyp passys fra a stede tyl ane vthyr wyth his charge
1453 Misc. Spald. C. V. 49.
Gyffyn at syndry tymys to batis to pas apone schyppis 8 s.
1462 Cal. Charters Suppl. 9 Nov.
That sic gudis passit throw thar port of fors and nocht of thar licence
1471 Edinb. Chart. 133. 1490 Irland Mir. I. 46/4.
Jhesus has graithit ws a schip to pas throw the peralus seye of this waurld
1548–51 Misc. Spald. C. V. 52 (see Man n. 11 a). 1589 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 5.
The schips that passis up the water to lose and laid
(2) 1456 Hay II. 45/8.
The scharp hard stelin poynt of the spere hede betakenis that suppose falsehede be never sa wele armyt ȝit will lautee pas throu him
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 1531.
Throw the corpis the spere an ell past
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 708. Arundel MS. 286/254.
The suerd of dollour past throw thi saule
(3) 14.. Burgh Laws c. 41 (A).
Gif fyr passis out of ony hous [etc.]
1456 Hay I. 58/27.
A grete flaumbe of fyre in the aire, sa hye passand that [etc.]
c1475 Wall. v. 532.
Gude expensis till him thai maid to pas
a1500 Bk. Chess 2129.
The knycht … sall pas to poyntis thre
1524 Acts II. 290/1.
Ony salt passand furtht of the realme
1567 Sat. P. iii. 226. a1578 Pitsc. I. 6/1.
O litill buik pas thow with diligence To Sanctandrois
1598 St. A. Baxter Bks. 54.
Befoir the cornis pas to kill

c. Of non-material things. 1490 Irland Mir. I. 123/28.
The memore of His luf and cherite sal neuir pas out of my mynd
a1500 K. Hart 362.
Pietie doun the stare full sone is past
c1500 Makc. MS. xvi. 23.
Mercy passit nocht thaime fra
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxi. 27 (M).
All gentrice and nobilite Ar passit out of hie degre
1525 St. A. Formulare I. 268.
The pietuos … and dolorous complaint that passis oure all the reaulme
1535 Stewart 17277.
Bot lyke ane dreme he leit all by him pas

3. With various adverbial accusatives as complements.To pas one's (also the, etc.) way(is, also a gait. To pas (a certain distance). To pas errandis. To pas a voyage (passage, jorney).(1) 1375 Barb. ix. 184 (E).
And in pese lete thaim pas thar way
a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii. 222.
Quod scho … Get one ȝoure horse & pas ȝoure way
c1420 Wynt. v. 4763 (W), vi. 1277. c1420 Bute MS. fol. 174.
Qwhen at thai hafe weddyr that is gude [they ought] to pas thair way
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus Prol. 319.
Now pas thy wayis thou barrant buik
1648 Edinb. Surgeons 199.
He most contemptouslie … past his wayes furth of the convening hous
1375 Barb. x. 26.
That it wes hard to pas that way
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1684.
For quho so haistis him … To pas a gait our hastely He sall haue let
14.. Acts I. 32/2.
Mysal men … anerly to pas the he way thruch the toune
a1578 Pitsc. I. 257/1.
He knew weill that navie had not passit the right way
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii. 897.
(2) a1585 Polwart Flyt. 231 (T).
Syne pas ane space [etc.]
(3) 1456 Hay I. 136/8.
Gif a knycht passand his lordis erandis be derobbit [etc.]
c1475 Wall. v. 245.
Erandis I pas fra Doun to my lord
1498 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 75. 1539–40 Misc. Hist. Soc. X. 41.
Gevin … to Weddall futeman … to pas erandis
(4) 1456 Hay I. 105/33.
Suppos a king … wald with a few menȝe passe that voyage [etc.]
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 2790.
Thair mycht nane pas that passage to the toun
1489 Treas. Acc. I. 125.
And al odir stuf according for hir to the clere owte red to pas hir voyage
1507–8 Ib. IV. 97.
That restit awand to him of the viage that he passit with the Archbeschop of Sanctandrois
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics ii. 540.
Immensumconfecimus aequor, past a long jorney

II. Other intransitive uses.

4. Expressing passage without motion.a. Of a route, boundary, etc.: To lead or run (from one place to another). b. Of a line: To run through, to extend from one extremity to the other.a. 1425 Liber Melros II. 545.
[Marches] fra the Chyldwell aboun passand wp to the myddys of the Threpleche
1493 Reg. Episc. Morav. 250.
Descendand as the strip passis throw the Willingis of Crome
1529 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 7.
In the turn in the tour at passis fra the sellaris
1531–2 Ib. 94.
The trans that passis furth of the uter myd chalmer
1551 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 20.
The hie gate that passit quhil it cum to Clottinpanis Stane
1576 Misc. Spald. C. I. xlii.
The lytill hacht hows passand furth of the queyir
1599 Reg. Great S. 306/2.
Passen lykwayis northwest
1608 Douglas Bequest IV. 3 Nov.
The gaitt passing eist langis Mr James Meluil his ȝard dyk
b. 1549 Compl. 48/26.
Ȝe sal ymagyn ane lyne that passis throucht the spere

5. Of time or a period of time: To pass; to elapse.Cf. Passit p.p.1 1375 Barb. xiii. 701.
Of his kynrik passit was Fif ȝeir … and of his elde sexty
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1647.
Quhen that herwist … was passed vttraly [etc.]
c1420 Wynt. v. 120.
Till hys barnehede Was passyd
a1500 Rauf C. 29.
Midmorne was past
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxx. 32. 1513 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 22.
The quhilk ȝer was completit at Mychelmes at last past
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 58.
Or thys winter be passit

6. Of an action or activity: To take place; to happen. 1375 Barb. ii. 69.
Bot he Thoucht that suld pas ane othir way
?1438 Alex. ii. 3135.
Tak not the dedis that passit are Heuy in hart
Ib. 10960.
Of the dedis that passit ere
1456 Hay I. 266/27.
In quhat kynde thai geve bataill in listis tholaunce to pas
Ib. II. 106/17.
Suppose thou have tholit a thing passe that is nocht for thy prow
Ib. I. 286/6. c1490 Porteous Noblenes 180/25.
And … takis na compt how all thing pas
1641 Acts V. 341/2.
The coyneing of copper money which heath passed ther this long tyme

7. To exceed or abound (cf. 19 below). c1460 Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 57.
Now wyll I pas and flow in all welthfulnes & delytis

8. To proceed to (another topic, intention, action, etc.).Also const. infin.To pas to armour, to have recourse to arms.(1) c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 37 (D).
Heleyn that wyst how so Troyiens the tretty wyth to mo As lyked the Gregeois for to pas To pees
1444–5 Peebles B. Rec. I. ii.
Quhen he [the priest] passis til the lauatory efter the Wangel
1531 Vaus 3.
Efter the vocatiue cais ve mane pas to the verb impersonale
a1568 Bann. MS. 210 a heading.
Heir I omit the actis maid at this parliament … and sa passis to the conclusion
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 139.
I am now passand to my fascheous purpois
1589–90 St. A. B. Ct. 28 Jan.
To tak in companye and salaige with him the said Jhone Donaldsoun to quhatsumevir woyage he sall pas to
(2) c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus ii. 647.
To clym past he with all beneuolence
(3) 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 65.
The craftismennis childer and servandis past to armour

b. To proceed in consideration of a matter.Const. compar. adj., or adv., complement. 1456 Hay I. 124/20.
And be caus … I think to speke mare of this mater tharfore I pas mare lichtly at this tyme
Ib. II. 114/5.
For now I will occupy me to declare sum part of the arte of medicyne or I pas fortherlyar
1586 Jurid. Rev. IV. 295.
Seeing they had power only to repledge and not to pas forder
1596 Dalr. I. 115/8.
Perchance throuch delyte of the mater in the selfe sa singular we be paste farther than far anuich

9. In legal contexts (see also 29 and 33 below).a. Of a court: To proceed to consider a case. 14.. Reg. Maj. c. 40.
Na in cause of matrimone na arbitouris aw to pas na proced bot gif [etc.]
1471 Acta Aud. 16/1.
The last court quhen the assis past and the dome was gevin was within feryale tyme

b. Of an inquiry or decision: To take place; to be put into effect. 1454 7th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 720/1.
That ȝe mak a sufficiande knavalage pas of the best … personeis [etc.]
1462 Swintons App. xlv.
That oure souerain lady the quene suld ger inquisicion pas before the erle of Marchis deputis
1571 Canongate Ct. Bk. 330.
To heir and se sic executioun decernit to pas aganis hir
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II. 26.
Till aither litiscontestation pas or decreit be given
Ib. 223.
Ther is no prescription can pase against the king
1661 Acts VII. 243/2.
That no processe could passe against them bot befor the exchequer

c. Of a legal grant, award or decree: To be issued. (Cf. 26, 33 d). — 1494 Acta Aud. 197/2.
Ȝe sall neuer se lettrez of owris pas in double forme gevin in sic wise incontrar vther
1571 Sempill Sat. P. xxviii. 107.
To eik my pois I leit thame [dispensations] pas gude chaip
1600 Acts IV. 231/2.
And that nane licence pas heireftir

d. Of a legal action: To pas in rem judicatam, to be adjudicated upon. — 1498 Acta Conc. II. 216.
It was allegit be the sade Jhone that this accione betuex him and the sade James … was past in rem judicatam

e. Of an accused person or a legal issue: To pas to (the knawledge of an) assise, see also Knawlag(e n. 4 b (5). To pas to probation, to go for trial or adjudication. c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iii. 170.
Lat it [the indictment] pas to assyis
1622-6 Bisset I. 172/35.
The defender … may suffer the summonis to pas to probation aganis him self
1629 Justiciary Cases I. 135. 1669 Justiciary. Ct. Rec. I. 320.

10. Of a vote: To be given. 1638 Baillie I. 124.
The moderator for the time offered to my Lord Commissioner a lite wherupon voices might passe for the election of a new moderator

11. Of a coin or measuring vessel: To be acceptable for public use; to be current.(1) 1475 Acts II. 112/2.
And al vther gold to pas eftir the wecht and fynace at the plesance of the gevare and the takare
a1500 Colk. Sow ii. 234.
Bot suffer thame [pennies] pas prospering commodious
1560 Reg. Privy S. MS. XXX. 50 b.
The wardane … sall nocht latt ony denier of gold and siluer pas without it be of the richt wecht
1599 Crim. Trials II. 99.
Becaus thay [false coins] war sa conspeckell that thay culd nocht pas
1670 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II. 158.
That the crose dollors doe passe in this kingdom … at fiftie six shilling Scotts
(2) 1522 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 66.
That na meitlummes siclyk as firlat [etc.] … pas in the mercat to be meit with [etc.]
1525 Ib. 78.
Na pek … nor half furlat to pas one the merkat day bot one the customeris tailȝee

12. Of a text: To be acceptable. c1590 J. Stewart 71/34.
Thir vrigling werse than plaine sall pas perfyt
1687 Melville Corr. 112.
Ther was not on article of all the gracious concessions of his instructions wold pase or please

13. Of a criminal, also of the crime: To go (unpunished); also ellipt.(1) ?14.. Ship Laws c. 7 (H).
Thai sall pas quyt & be deliuirit
1456 Hay I. 301/17.
It is lesse evill to lat a mysdoare pas unpunyst
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Iter.
And trespassoures and crimes passed vnpunished
(2) 1680 Cloud of Witnesses (1714) 48.
It's incredible, that this land [Scotland] will get leave to pass long, and not be sweeped with the besom of justice
1697 Penninghame Par. Rec. I. 12.
He shall not passe so easily if he be found guilty again

14. Of political authority: To pass to another (by, be succession). 1456 Hay I. 214/19.
In the tyme that the Empyre passit be successioun of lygne

15. Of information or rumour: To circulate; to be spread. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 331.
Supois sic sclander passit preuallie
1549 Compl. 178/32.
Thai haue gart ane secret brute pas in Scotland that [etc.]
1578 Conv. Burghs I. 58.
That ordour be taikin of the warkmen … pak-houssis [etc.] … that the samyn pas be list and inuentoure

16. To come to an end; to die. Of persons and things. 1375 Barb. ix. 109 (E).
Thai … thocht thar in that strenth to ly Till passyt war his malady
c1400 Troy-bk. i. 580.
God … kan All kindely thingis that He will Ger pas at will or hald thame still
c1460 Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 7.
A generacioune passis and othir cumys
1461 Liber Plusc. I. 386.
Quhen thai pas quhat lordschip mare haue thai
a1500 Bk. Chess 1325.
Quhen we pas it [earth] is our herbryere
c1508 Ch. & M. Prints iii b. 18.
Bot pas mon all & end mon euery thingis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xi. 5 (M).
For as thow come sa sall thow pas
1533 Gau 36/23.
O Lord lat Thy seruand pas in pece efter Thy promis
a1578 Pitsc. I. 407/12.
It come witht ane lase, it will pase witht ane lase
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv. 74.
Lyk to our faythfull pastouris past befoir

17. In various idiomatic phrases.To pas … in successioune, to succeed to a throne in reguiar sequence. To pas … to nocht, to be overthrown. To pas as at noght, to come to nothing. To pas in wor time, to be dealt with more harshly. To lat (a matter) pas, to overlook, disregard. To pas furth of use, to become obsolete. c1420 Wynt. vii. 412.
Bot the barnetyme … Togyddyr diw full unyowne To pas syne in successyowne
a1500 Lanc. 3356.
Whar Arthuris folk had passith al to nocht
c1490 Porteous Noblenes 114 (Ch. & M.).
Gif … his labour passis as at noght
1522–3 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 67.
Pak ȝow in ȝour hous … or ellis ȝe sal pas in wor tyme
1531 Bell. Boece (M) I. 99.
Becaus na historicianis rehercis the weris … we latt thame pas
1596 Dalr. I. 347/1.
I latt passe quhat he did in S. Jhones toun
1565 Reg. Privy C. I. 332.
Undirstanding the privilegis of the Scottis merchantis … to decay and pas furth of use in the partis of Flanderis

B. Transitive uses.

18. As a verb of motion (cf. 1 above).a. To traverse, cross or surmount (a barrier, boundary or bridge). Also fig. 1375 Barb. iii. 467.
Quhen thai war passit the watir brad
Ib. ix. 408.
Thai passit the dik
Ib. xvii. 443 (E).
The tothir war past The ȝat
Ib. vi. 78 (C). ?1438 Alex. ii. 1668.
Quha had than sene Betys [etc.] … Pas the listis of the toun
Ib. 3507. c1420 Wynt. viii. 6139.
He passyd swne the Scottis se
Ib. ii. 259.
a1500 Lanc. 24.
Quhill Phebus thris haith passith al his speris
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 433 (M).
Thow may nocht pas Mont Bernard for wyld bestis
c1590 Fowler I. 109/153. 1638 Adamson Muses Thr. 136.
Let's passe the bridge be Wallace loup
fig. 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 21.
It may seame to ȝour ll. that I … pas myne estait … and forȝettis my devoir
1585 James VI Ess. 25.
With thousand other fyres that pas my braine
1622-6 Bisset I. 18/24.
Into my vulgare and maternall tung I pas na limitis

b. To pass beyond; to outstrip.Also, once, to visit en route.Schame is past (the) sched of (one's) hair, shame has exceeded all bounds.(1) 1375 Barb. xiii. 563 (E).
Or the King off Ingland was Passyt Lythkow [etc.]
Ib. xx. 432 (C).
Dowglas … passit wes All the folk that wes chassand then
?1438 Alex. ii. 4400.
Bot Betys all his fallowis past Weill neir ane bow-draucht and mare
Ib. 7116.
Luke that thow on na maneir Pas … the first ishell
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 3042.
And so passand The Ile of Allydeme come to Till his moder Circes
c1420 Bute MS. fol. 172.
Qwhil thai be passyt the daynger
1573 McNeill Prestonpans 47.
Quhill we be pastit Kenewie
(2) 1601 Elphinstone Mun. 30.
I harde of some gentellmen … that paste his Altesse courte of late
(3) 1560 Rolland Seven S. 1188.
Schame is past the sched of thair hair
1567 Sat. P. iv. 132.
Vertew [is] banist fra shame pas shed of hair
1691 Contin. Hist. Relat. Gen. Assembly Scotl. 15.

c. = 36 (2). 1692 Rothesay B. Rec. 482.
The chancellor haveing past the whole inqueist, they fynd [etc.]

19. To exceed or excel.See also Passand ppl. a. and adv. and Pas(s)ing ppl. a. (prep.).a. To exceed or be more than (a certain number, amount, etc.); to cost (not) more than.Freq. in neg. constructions. c1420 Wynt. viii. 2692.
The galown off wyne … Passyd noucht that tyme foure pennys
Ib. 4917. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 835.
Quhilk than of eild passit nocht auchtene ȝeir
1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 193.
The dosone soill and lintell v s., the fute of lang werk that passis five fete v d.
1558-66 Knox I. 64.

b. Chiefly of persons: To surpass (another) (in, into, also of, for, a particular quality).(1) 1375 Barb. ix. 504 (E).
That he off worschip passyt the rowt
?1438 Alex. i. 140.
Bot he Passit all vthir in bounte
c1420 Wynt. v. 897.
He past his fadyre in to fame
1456 Hay I. 6/9. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 664.
In trotting [etc.] … He past all vther in all his gouerning
c1475 Wall. iv. 37. 1567 G. Ball. 66.
Of mercy ȝit he passis all
1581-1623 James VI Poems I. 25/119.
So heauenly fury can Make man pas man
a1663 Pappity Stampoy 48.
She hath past the discipline of a tavern
(2) 1531 Bell. Boece I. xxxv.
Buchquhane … passis all cuntreis … in riches of quhit and deligat woll

c. With inanimate subject: To surpass or outdo (something else) in quality. ?1438 Alex. ii. 3953.
Lawte passis all
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 1350.
The chapletis that on thair helmis war Passit milȝeonis of gold and stanis fare
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 36.
Vysdome passis all riches Als far as lycht passis myrknes
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2912 (H).
It passis far all kinde of pestilence Ane wickit mynd
Id. Orph. 104 (Ch. & M.).
He herd a hevinly melody and sound Passing all instrumentis musicall
1494 Loutfut MS. 10 b.
The topasse … of hir propirte passis all precious stanis
1531 Bell. Boece I. 66. 1562 Knox VI. 180 (see Nurtur(e n. 1 (2)). a1568 Scott xiv. 15.
How far the rosy gowlis Passis the wallowit weidis
15.. Lord Fergus' Gaist 16.
Ane story haif I to reid Pasis bonitatem in the creid
a1585 Maitl. Q. xlviii. 82.
Hir angell voice in melodie Dois pas the hevinlie harmonie
Id. lxxiv. 2.
To seik to pas the painters art but lytill wer my gain

d. To transcend (one's understanding or ability).Quasi-impers., followed by infin.To pas memor, to be beyond living memory.(1) c1460 Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 309.
Quhat profytis it to man till inquere of thing that passis his wyt till wndirstand
1549 Compl. 15/33. Ib. 22/1. c1552 Lynd. Mon. 6110.
That maner of delyte Quhilk passit naturall reasoun to indyte
a1568 Scott i. 98.
To iuge thame iustlie passis my ingyne
1560 Rolland Seven S. 3725.
It passis far our power for to do
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 76 (W).(2) 1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 179 G.
Be resone the Institutione thairoff is of sic antiquite that it hes past memor

e. To pas (one's) measure, to exceed (one's) proper limits, to be excessive. 1456 Hay I. 119/15.
As the dure turnis about apon the herre … and haldis it nevertheles in his rycht reule, that is, pas nocht his mesure
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 394.
Of helynes thai pas mesour
a1500 Lanc. 1828.
Suppos his larges sumquhat pas mysour

20. To pas (the selis, the King's hand, the Signet, a particular royal seal): To undergo the process of authentication prescribed by law for royal grants, awards and other deeds, whereby these were authenticated successively by the monarch's signature, the Signet, the Privy Seal and the Great Seal, or by the Quarter Seal, or by one or more of these individually as specified.Also to pas under or throw (the selis, etc.), id.: see 35. (Cf. also 26.)On the process of ‘passing the seals’, see M. Livingstone A Guide to the Public Records of Scotland (1905) p. 155 ff. or J. M. Thomson The Public Records of Scotland (1922) p. 64 ff., and, for earlier accounts, Balfour Pract. 652 ff. and Hope Minor Pract. (1726) § § 202–13. c1575 Balfour Pract. 655 heading.
Letteris passand all the seillis
1580 Reg. Privy C. III. 284.
Sumtymes the signaturis past the sealis at the desire of his majesteis letters privilie purchest
1585 Ib. IV. 14.
And it is of veritie that the saidis letters wer nevir subscryvit be his majesteis secretar nor yit past the signet
1587 Acts III. 457/2.
That all speciale commissionis of justiciarie be maid be signatouris to pas the quarter seill in tyme cuming
1588 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 39.
Letters direct fra his maiestie passit his hienes signatouris and the chancellars
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Feodum. c1630 Hope Minor Pract. (1726) § 210.
All signatures, when the King was in Scotland, pas the King's own hand and were subscribed at the foot thereof
Ib. § 215.
Some letters and charters which pass the great seal
Ib. § 216. 1672 Acts VIII. 87/1.
All letters that pas the signet
a1676 Guthry Mem. (1747) 144 (see Patent n. (1)). 1682 Edinb. City Archive Letters II (86).
The warrant for coyning wes past the kings hand and wes on the rodd coming heir

21. Of an issue of coins: To pass (the irons or mint, also (? erron.) in irnis), to be struck and put into circulation. (Cf. 32 c below.) 1581 Acts III. 216/1.
The money new devysit quhilk salbe delyuerit to thame agane efter the same be past in irnis [Skene past the irones]
1584 Ib. 311/1.
Vpoun everie merk wecht of the said money passand the irnis
1586 Cunȝiehous Acc. MS. 8.
Past the irnis in nobill lyonis and crownis … vj staines [etc.]
1637 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II. 63.
That the gold … sould be wrought in this kingdome and pas his majesteis yrnes
1631–49 Conv. Burghs IV. 546 (see Pile n.3 (2)). 16.. Edinb. City Archive Moses Bundle 254 No. 7756.
Besides this excessive quantatie past the mint the copper coyned at such ane extravagant rate [etc.]

22. To pay no heed to (a matter); to disregard. a1585 Maitl. Q. lxviii. 118.
Bot sic & other profeitis mo I pas & leif behind
1586–7 Rait & Cameron King James's Secret 183.
Saying that the King vil pas the maiter

b. In the negative, with clause obj.: (Not) to care, to be indifferent. — 1569-73 Bann. Memor. 233.
But sho, not cairing for heavin nor hell said opinly, ‘I pas not whidder I goe to hell or heavin’

23. Of goods: To pas custome, to be allowed through the customs on payment of duty. 1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 203.
Ten dosone clayth passand custome sall bring hame ane vnce siluer … the personis quha hes had thair gudis past custome

24. Of a teacher or a student. a. To pass through, complete (a course of instruction or study). b. To take (an examination). [Cf. F. passer un examen (1746).](1) 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 12.
In thre ȝeris thyr regentis sal pas be degreis the hail cours of dialectic, logic, physik and metaphysik
a1650 Row 447. 1661 A. Jaffray Diary 15.
The College, where, passing the first class … I entered to my logics
(2) a1691 Kingston Contin. Ho. Seytoun 65.
[He] made his public lesson of the law before the King … in his lawer goun and four-nooked cape, as lawers use to pass their tryalls in the universities abroad

C. Causative uses.

25. To cause to go, to send. b. To make to pass (before), to display (to). c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 2575.
Ma than thre thousand schipis passit he thair
1513 Doug. i. vii. 78.
Thir lamentabyll takynnys passit befor Our mortal myndis aucht to compassioun steir

26. To issue, give effect to, execute (a grant, award, warrant or decree). (Cf. 9 c, 33 d).Also, to pas under the great seal: cf. 20 and 35.(1) 1399 Melville Chart. 14.
The qwilkis ar selit wyth myne awyn propir seale … to be passit and fulfillit
1496–7 Acta Conc. II. 67.
That our saide soverane lordis letters procedit in this mater ar ordourely past
1522–3 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 213.
Conforme to the letteres past heirupoune in the first secund and third formes
1532 Facs. Nat. MSS. III. xx.
That all continuationis of proces befor the lordis quhar actis ar past [etc.]
1545 Reg. Privy C. I. 20.
Thair is twa giftis maid and past of the ward [etc.] … of the landis
1565 Ib. 335.
To pas preceptis for the said Parliament in dew forme
1572 Facs. Nat. MSS. III. lxii.
Iff any questioun aryse heir efter for any thing past during this tyme [etc.]
1578 Acts III. 112/1.
To vesie … the infeftment and confirmatioun to be past to the said erll of the saidis landis
1585 Reg. Privy C. IV. 14.
The saids letters ar privilie … purchest, onlie under his majesteis subscriptioun, nocht red nor past in counsall
1590 Prot. Bk. J. Inglis 26 Nov.
Eftir the forme & tenour of the said precept & chartour in all poynttis past thairupone
1610 Misc. Maitl. C. III. 12.
Forsamekle as the Kingis majestie … having past and exped certane commissions to some speciall barones … in the Lennox for [etc.]
a1650 Row 30.
Hamilton, a bastard, wes by a signatour past restored to all his former jurisdiction
(2) 1689 Soc. Ant. XXX. 62.
Their majesties ordain a letter to be passed under their great seal

27. To transmit (a message or charge).Also const. infin. 1473–4 Treas. Acc. I. 66.
To Dauid Quhite … quhen he past the Kingis chargis to Bruges to the Bischop of Sanctandros
1474 Ib. 49. 1494 Loutfut MS. 9 a.
Quhen he [a herald] passis ony the message he suld [etc.]
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 74 (Wr.).
How every blossome [etc.] … Against the sun did shine I passe to poets to compile
1610 Reg. Privy C. IX. i.
The mutuall challangeis … past betuix thame

28. To pass or while away (one's or the) time, also a specific period of time.The quots. from Lynd. and for 1584 may be instances of Pastyme v., s.v. 1492 Myll Spect. 272/3.
I tuk a lytill buk in Latyn to pas mye tyme
1540 Lynd. Sat. 105 (B).
And pas tyme with plesour
1542 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 36.
That I mycht hef passit my tyme apoun the bordour without ony molestatioun or inquietnes
a1578 Pitsc. I. 240/26.
Evir passin thair tyme in hunttin and halkin [etc.]
1584 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. 87.
That na persounis pas tyme, nor dans or reill with dansing and pypping throw the toun … the tyme of preiching
1600-1610 Melvill 496.
And past sum critik dayes withoutin cure
1611 Crim. Trials III. 165.
Thay passed that day in meruelous anxietie

29. Of a judicial body: a. To find (a party) possessed of certain rights. b. To let (someone) off all or part of a penalty. c. To consider (a case). (cf. 9 a).a. 1517 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 44.
The inquest abone wryttyn passit … Jonet Rutherfurd … westit and sesit of v lib. of land
b. 1676 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 26 June.
The said day gives doim and pases James Linton at Millourn fourtie shilling Scots for ane fyne formerlie imposed wpon him
1683 Cullen Kirk S. MS. 14 May.
Upon payment of 4 lib. all the rest was past him
1697 Penninghame Par. Rec. I. .
The Session think fit to passe her with a sessionall rebuke at the tyme
1698 Ib. 22.
He … promises amendment and is past
c. 1452-1631 Perth Guildry MS. 401 (19 Jan.).
Anent the selling of taucht to onfremen past of befoir [etc.]

30. Of an examining body: To approve (a candidate) after scrutiny.Appar. in early use chiefly in p.p., with noun compl. With the collocation passit, past maister, cf. Pas-maister n.(1) 1559 Treas. Acc. XI. 16.
To Adam Dundas of new passit page
(2) 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 13.
Ane of profession of medicine passit maister
1595 Edinb. Surgeons 20.
Considering that the said Henrie was past maister of befoir in the barbours craft … [he] has funden him qualifeit to be admittit fre chirurgiane and past maister therof
(3) 1677 Gould Hist. Freemasonry I. 410.
Power to them to enter, receave and pass ony qualified persons that they think fitt

31. In various idiomatic uses.

a. To pas voyce, to give a vote or opinion. — 1655 Stitchill Baron Ct. i.
Fyfteen … honest men … to pas voyce upon inquest or jury in all matters questionable

b. To pas bale, to go bail for, (to) someone. — 1666-74 Fraser Polichron. 408.
General Monk then got in the tutor of Lovat … [and] his brothers to pass bale to him

c. Of the mint-master: To pas (coins) (under … irnis), to strike and issue: cf. 21 above. — 1579 Reg. Privy S. VII. 347/2.
Commanding alsua his majesteis thesaurer … maister of his hienes cunyeous, to stamp and pas the threttie and twentie schilling peces abonespecefeit
1695 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II. 254.
[The Lords] ordaine the master of his majesties mint to pass under his majesteis irons the said … fourtie shilling peices

D. With adverbial complements in various specialised uses: cf. 2 above.

I. With prepositions.

32. To pas fra (also, from).a. To give up, renounce or abandon (a right, obligation, belief, course of action, etc.).Also, once, to pas bak fra, id.Chiefly or only Sc. after c 1500. c1420 Wynt. ix. 548 (W).
How all the folkis of Tewydaill Wes passit fra his pes alhaill
1456 Hay I. 175/14.
It is lyke that he passis fra the first appoyntment and obligacioun
1497–8 Acta Conc. II. 129.
Gif it be foundin that scho has na richt thareto scho sall pas tharefra
1581 Burne Disput. 43 b.
Thair is na caus quhairfore ve sould pas from the inflexibil vord of God
1593–4 St. A. Kirk S. 774.
Jhone Ade past fra the persuit of all actionis he may haif aganis the present magistratis simpliciter
1622-6 Bisset II. 352/4.
He as bischope … commanded the tiran … to pas bak frome his wicked interpryse
1649 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 97.
Quhilk tua claussis the said counsell … hes dispensed and past fra
1654 Lamont Diary 75.
The officers passed from fyning him in any thing
1668 Stirling B. Rec. II. 4. 1679 Dunblane Synod 146.
Whether he was resolved to pass from that paper as it was given in by him
1688 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII. 240.

b. To dispense with (a person). — 1666 Rothesay B. Rec. 128.
The said Sir Dougall past fra John Ker as cautioner

33. To pas apon, on.Common in legal contexts in various senses and collocations.

a. Of a person or persons: To serve on (an assise, etc.). 1425 Liber Melros II. 545.
Of worthy personis of thaim that passyt on the sayd assyse
1428 Bk. Carlaverock II. 430. 1480–1 Peebles B. Rec. I. 28.
The persouns that past on the said inquisicioun [etc.]
1511 Reg. Privy S. I. 349/1.
A lettre … exemand him of all … passing apoun assis or inquestis
1576 Leslie 63. Compl. Zetl. 28 b.
Considering the ignorance that wes amangis landit men quhen thay past apoun inqueistis
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II. 46.
No man may pas upon ane assise
1683 Martine Reliq. Divi Andreae 125.

b. Of an adjudicator or commission: To proceed to give judgement on (an issue). 1454 7th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 720/2.
Under … the seillis of thame that passis vpon the said knavlage
1465 Colquhoun Chart. 292.
Suffir ane assise to pas vpon thir landis
1471 Acta Aud. 18/1.
Thar is bot a symple inquest past vppon the said landis
1478 Acta Conc. I. 14/1.
The persons that past apon the lynyng betuix the said Johne & Patrik
1483 Acta Aud. in Acta Conc. II. cv.
The summondis raisit … agane the persons that past apon the breve of inquest purchest by Effric McDowelle
1516 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 38.
Thome Smyth and Thomas Portuus … to pas one the strenth [of the ale]
1534–5 Treas. Acc. VI. 220.
To … summond ane inqueist to pas apoun Joke Nesbittis assyse
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 65.
And causit the assyis … pas thairvpone, quha condamnit him to be hangit
1622-6 Bisset II. 73/31.
Twa interloquutouris passand upoun dilatouris aganist the proponare thairof
1628 Linlithgow B. Rec. 19 Sept.
To the stinteris to be wairnit to pas wpoune the downe setting of the said exstint

c. Of a sentence: To be given against (someone). — 14.. Reg. Maj. c. 135.
The dome bath of lif & membris sal pas apone him

d. Of a grant, award or decree: To be issued or given effect concerning. (Cf. 9 c and 26). 1496 Acta Conc. II. 19.
Because thare past na possessione apone the sade assignacione … efter the forme of the law … of the realme
c1575 Balfour Pract. 399.
With provisioun thairintill that letteris pas thairupon in form as effeiris
Ib. 653.
All charteris passing on resignatiounis or be new gift are formit in the chancellarie [etc.]
1587 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 31.
Of the infeftment that sall pas upoun the saids lands
a1633 Hope Major Pract. I. 197.
Whill declarator pas therupon
1666 Glasgow Chart. II. 112.
And ordaines lettres and executoriallis necesser to pas and be direct heirone in forme as effeires
1692 Cramond Kirk S. III. 15 Aug.

e. To make an attack on. 1517–8 Reg. Privy S. I. 464/2.
The kingis army now devisit to pas apone the traitouris in the Mers
1531 Bell. Boece I. 15.
Sum, accusing the tresonable slichtis of Pichtis, desirit to pas on thame haistely
1551 Armstrong Hist. Liddesdale I. App. xcii.
Chargeing the inhabitantis of thai schiris convene in Hawik … to pas upoun the thevis of the debatable ground
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 33. a1578 Pitsc. I. 227/1.
Witht tua schipis weill mantenitt and artaillȝeit to pase wpoun the said Inglischemen

34. To pas our, over.a. To live out (one's life, days, etc.). 1533 Bell. Livy I. 101/13.
It was nocht proffitabill to him to dul & pas oure his dayis
Ib. II. 143/1.
For the Veanis pasis oure the wynter stormes vnder thare housis
a1570-86 Maitl. F. clxx. 30.
And pacientlie pas ouir this pilgramage
1596 Dalr. I. 135/6.
In banisment he past ouer his lyfe

b. To ignore, overlook, disregard; to pass without remark or attention. 1560 Cal. Sc. P. 464.
Althogh I could have bene content … it shold have bene generally passed owyr yet [etc.]
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 57.
I wyl pas over that iniury
c1590 Fowler I. 293/67.
I have … passed ouer al these wrongs
1596 Dalr. I. 124/4. 1633 Johnston Diary (1911) 146.
God … did passe over al thy transgressions
1638 Protestation Noblemen Borrowes Ministers and Commons Subscribers Covenant 4 July.
His present declaration … doth misken, passe over, and so in effect deny all our supplications

35. To pas under or throw (the seals etc.): see 20, 26 above. c1575 Balfour Pract. 651.
Thair passis a letter of captioun under the testimonial of the greit seill
Ib. 655.
The samin ordour was observit of the greit beneficis … quhilk past throw all the seillis
Ib. 654. 1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Feodum.
His majesties signet, privie and great seales, of all infeftments & vther signatures quhilks ordinarily suld pas throw them
c1630 Hope Minor Pract. (1726) § 202.
A signature is properly a letter of gift [etc.] … which passeth under the King's hand in favour of any subject, which … passeth either under the signet allenarly or under the privy seal allenarly or under the quarter seal allenarly … or passeth under all these seals, except the quarter-seal
Ib. § 207.
Also all signatures of the officers of state pass under the great seal only

36. In other contexts with preps.To pas away, ? to disregard. = pas ouer, see 34 b above.To pas alongst or throw (an inquest), to proceed from one member to the next ascertaining the individual opinions: cf. 18 c.To pas for. Of money: To be acceptable at (a certain value). Of a person: ? To take the place of, or act on behalf of, (another).To pas licht of, to care little about (a matter).(1) c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1252 (D).
Quharfor that seir I ourset now Passing aweye as superflew
(2) 1691 Rothesay B. Rec. 474.
Josias Mertin, Chancellor, who haveing past alongst the whole inqueist hes entered the said Mr John Stewart aire to his said brother
1690 Ib. 467.
Duncan M'Lea, younger Chancellor, who past throw the haill persones of inquest [etc.]
(3) a1599 Rollock Wks. I. 391.
In the verse immediatlie passing befoir this text
(4) 1463 Kennedy Aberd. Ann. II. 472.
[The sum] wes nocht lachful na sufficiande to pas for payment
1467 Acts II. 88/2.
The aulde Inglis grot sall pas for xvi d.
(5) a1578 Pitsc. I. 285/22.
And … faillȝeing his hamecomming I sall rather pase for him my self
(6) c1460 Regim. Princ. 146 (Fairf.).
Quhen … publyk prow passit in diuisioun [etc.]
(7) 1573 Davidson Sat. P. xlii. 432.
Thocht of the mater thay pas licht

II. With adverbs.

37. To pas away, to go away, depart. Const. fra or from a person or place, to a place, or without compl.(1) c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2852.
Than thocht him at that ymage gay Bowned to pas frome him away
a1500 Henr. Orph. 375 (A).
He wald ask … licence with his wyf away to pas Till his countre
?a1500 Steel Roy Robert 144.
Als ȝour fals king away culd pas Throw ane inborne tratour
1501 Treas. Acc. II. 66.
To Schir Thomas Lindesay, quhen he passyt away
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Luke v. 13.
And anon the meselrie passit away fra him
a1538 Abell 117 b.
He conquest land he gatherit gold and siluir … and lu all is passit awa fra him hes ane dreym
1554 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 201. 1584 Conv. Burghs I. 196.
The said Peter … past away but licence befoir the desoluing of this conuention
1592 St. A. Kirk S. 724.
Sche wes persuadit to pas away and nocht to conpeir
fig. c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxiii. 6.
For thow away man pas Out of this vaill of trubbill and dissait
(2) 1473 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 27.
Gif ony prenteis rynis or passis away fra his maister … within the ische of his termis
1475 Ib. 32.

b. Of a horse: To run away out of control. — 1456 Hay II. 49/15.
Sa that the knycht may refreyne the hors that he pas nocht away with him

c. To die, to come to an end. — c1500 Makc. MS. v. 11.
Tak heid … Quhow sone that thow may pas away
1531–2 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 64.
Servitor to the said Johne past away
1544 Prot. Bk. Sir J. Cristisone 88.
Gif he passis avay within xiii Ȝeirs [etc.]
a1570-86 Balnaves Maitl. F. cxxix. 24.
Ȝe tyne the thank man hauld ane hank Or all be past away
a1605 Montg. Devot. P. i v. 59.

d. To do away with or remit (a penalty). — 1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 242/1.
A respitt … for arte and parte of the slauchter of … Patrik Makcornek … and passing away with the blude of the samyn slauchter

e. To be carried off. — 1511 Treas. Acc. IV. 317.
To pas to seik the floit boit of the Pansy at past away with ane storme quhen the Pansy hevit her mast
1546–7 Ayr B. Acc. 101.
[Part of the haven-work] that past away with the storme

f. To dismiss (an employee). — 1622-6 Bisset II. 251/32.
And the schip be laidned the maister may nocht pase [v.r. put] away any of his maryneris except he pay his half hyre

38. To pas by.

a. In p.p.: Gone by, at an end, finished. c1420 Ratis R. 1274.
Fra xv ȝer be passit by [etc.]
c1475 Wall. iv. 2.
Quhen passyt by the hycht was off the hette
1513 Doug. i. ix. 111.
The valȝeant dedis of forfaderis past by
1535 Stewart 20874.
And all injure befoir wes passit by
1560 Rolland Seven S. 8533.
Now is past by the skant time of the ȝeir Meit grew at large and vittaillis was not deir

b. To be excused or overlooked. — 1513 Doug. i. Prol. 451.
Lat all my faltis with this offens pas by

39. To pas in, to enter.Spec., to pas in wage, to take service as a mercenary soldier. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 1898.
The sperehed past in sidlingis
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 205.
That nane … should adheir, pas in wage, mantene aither or supplie Williame Kircaldie … capitane of Edinburgh castell

40. To pas our.

a. To cross a water (by boat); also, to cross a water-course. c1420 Wynt. ii. 1071.
The wattyre off Jordane … Was dry … Quhill that the folk oure passyd fre
1488 Treas. Acc. I. 98.
The bate that the King past our in
1532 Acta Conc. & Sess. 63. 1535 Stewart 45127.
In sax schippis tha passit ouir at Dover
a1578 Pitsc. I. 323/11.
The Earle of Angus … askit leif at the King to pas ower to Louchlevin
1587 Waus Corr. 412.
The Justice Clerk … hes liftit ane cumpanie of suldartis … to pas our to Orknay

b. Of time or an occasion: To run (its) course. — c1460 Consail Vys Man 316.
Quhyll ȝhere and day war passit our [: foure]
1558-66 Knox II. 382.
Lett that Parliament pas ower … then should the religioun … be establessed
c1475 Wall. i. 271.
This passit our quhill diuers dayis war gane
Ib. xi. 190.

c. Of wrong-doing or a wrong-doer: To be excused or let off. Const. neg. compl. (cf. 13). — 1566 Reg. Privy C. I. 470.
Wordis of dishonour … quhilk aucht nocht to pas owir untryit and unpuneist
a1578 Pitsc. I. 27/17.
[They were] thollit to pas ower bot ony punischment

41. To pas out.a. To leave, depart. b. Of rent: To be derived from (out of land). c. To issue (a writ). 14.. Acts I. 30/2.
Quha sa evir he be that sellis his lande or part of his lande he sall be innouth and sall pas out and the tothir standand thar furth sall entyr it
1499 Liber Melros II. 622.
Ane vthir annual rent of thre li. passand out of our landis of Cambestoun
1600-1610 Melvill 83.
Compulsators of horning past out against him

42. To pas throw.a. To evacuate the bowels (of). b. To be brought to completion. 1456 Hay II. 134/8.
For syk maner of vomytis purgis the stomak with les wering na dois purgaciounis that passis throu be art of medicynis of all evill humouris
1483–4 Acta Aud. *136/1.
To preif … that it was nocht in defalt of him that the said proces past nocht throw

43. In other contexts with advs.To pas about, to walk in a circle.To pas doun or to. Of the sun or moon: To set.To lat (a matter) pas forby, to describe briefly or not at all.To pas forwart, to proceed, to be put into effect or carried out.To pas off, to fall into disuse.(1) 1629 Black Sc. Witches 5.
By the pannels … passing about withershins thrice thereafter in sign of the said mischance
(2) 1572 Prot. Bk. A. Lawson 19b.
Eftir that the sone was gane to and past doun
1572 Ib. 20.
Eftir the sone passing to
1569-73 Bann. Memor. 105.
The moune … past to at 12 houris in the nycht
(3) 1375 Barb. x. 345 (E).
Bot I Will lat fele off thaim pas forby For I can noucht rehers thaim all
Ib. xiii. 739.
I lat it schortly pas for by For thar wes done na chewalry
(4) 1567 Facs. Nat. MSS. III. lv.
Rather she apperit [not] … to suffer iustice pas forwart
1572–3 Canongate Ct. Bk. 428.
And will on na wayis suffer the said bannis to be proclamit and pas fordwart
(5) 1699 Forrester Bishops Claim iii. 10.
Their office was extraordinary, and passed off like that of the Apostles with that first infant state and exigence of the Church
Ib. ii. 128.

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"Pas v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 27 Sep 2022 <>



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