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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2000 (DOST Vol. VIII).

Sa, Swa, So, adv. and conj. Also: say, sai, sae, saa, se, sea; sua, sway, swai, swae, suay, suae, swe(y, sue, s(a)wye, sya; soe, s(c)ho. [North. ME and e.m.E. sa (Cursor M.), say (c1566), seay (1684), early and north. ME , se (1154), swa, swaa (14-15th c.), swe (Layamon), ME and e.m.E. swo (a1200), suo, zuo (Ayenbite), so (a1240), soo (Cursor M.), soe (15th c.), OE swa, swá, swáe, swé, late OE , se, ON svá.]See also Quhar(e)sa, Quha-sa, Quhat-sa, Quhether-sa, Quhidder-sa, never sa Never adv. 4 (1), also Never adv. 1 e (2), Sagate, Salyke, Samekil(l, and richt sa Richt adv. II. 3. e.

I. 1. Thus, in this fashion, in the manner just described.In some contexts in ambiguity with sense 7, esp. 7 b (5).(1) 1375 Barb. iii 484.
Quhen he hard sa blaw & cry He had wonder quhat it mycht be
Ib. ix 366.
Sa [C. so]
c1379 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 1.
The qvylk payment sa made, I will [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. xxiii 455.
The emperoure … lowit God that sa mad clere The heresy
?1438 Alex. ii 9683.
Douchty Porrus … leuer had die than be sa shamed [F. si ahonté]
c1420 Wynt. viii 6121.
Tharfore he [sc. the Earl of Ross] gert hym swa [W. thare] aspy In till Elyhok that nwnry, Qwhare that he [sc. Ranald, Lord of the Isles] wes lyand then, He gert sla hym
1456 Hay I 18/15.
The haly Cristyn faith the quhilk may be wele sa approvit
1521 Maxwell Mem. I 247.
Gyff it sa happynis tham to be lowsit
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus 1 529.
Thocht it sa cauill
1572 Bann. Trans. 477.
[He] is able aneughe to foirsee that the world is not sa tedderit
1573 Sempill Sat. P. xxxix 217.
With gild of pepile sa thay brocht thame doun
a1585 Maitland Maitl. Q. 13/79.
I trow that sa sall mak ane red Of all thair pakis this ȝeir
1596 Dalr. II 151/31.
The bischop sa iniuret, in a furie cumis til Edinburgh
1622-6 Bisset II 258/2. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1301.
Quhiles thow, quhiles I, sa gais the baillarie
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxxviii 506.
Scho wald haf ronnyne in the fire … That scho mycht be parthenare With thai that say consumyt ware
(c) 1375 Barb. i 437.
The byschop hard him swa ansuer
Ib. iii 616.
Fra our schip swa lychtyt be We sall swa row and speid ws sua That we sall weill eschaip thaim fra
Ib. xiii 485.
Sua
1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
Traystand that it suld be sua done on the tother part
c1420 Wynt. vi 1313.
As off that lettyr the tenowre Bad, that al swa suld be done
c1475 Wall. v 288.
He saw full weyll lang swa he mycht nocht lest
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 117. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 196/70.
Sic ladyis wyis … Swa [M. sic] can devyis And none suppryis Thame nor thair honestie
1533 Boece 145b.
For sua vsis instabill fortune turne … the cais of mortall affaris
1538–9 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 261.
Swa restis in the said Robertis handis to be lauborit be him to the fontane ane fydder [of lead]
1562-3 Winȝet II 75/24.
Bot leste Grece allone … mot hef bene prouin euir sua to hef vnderstand
1592 Acts III 569/2. 1674 Inverness Rec. II 257.
The eschape of … prissoners from out of the said jeale sua imprissoned
1689 Cramond Kirk S. III 7 May (6 Dec.).
Seeing the church is sua vacant
1694 Peebles B. Rec. II 146.
That each man or woman swa keeping thair children shall pay for each such chyld [etc.]
1697-1707 D. Hume Accompt of Estate 5.
The equal half of my saids childrens portion swa deceasand shall return to … my eldest son
(d) 1687 Argaty Baron Ct. 5 Nov.
To pay ane peck … for each boll suae abstracted
1698 Cullen B. Rec. 193 (31 Oct.).
The which resignation suae made immedieatly therafter
(e) 1375 Barb. iii 596.
Quhen that thai … Wyst that so duelt be-hynd wes he … thai him socht
1513 Doug. v xiii 72.
Grant at thai may [etc.] … gif so the fatis gydis
1587-99 Hume 107/30.
Every man whom the Lord so visits
1687 S. Ronaldshay 115.
To allow to the person soe to be intrusted such a sallarie … as they shall think reasonable
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxvi 115.
For til get knawlag … Quha it wes helpyt hyme sa
Ib. xxxviii 285.
Athire fel til vtheris fete, & at the erde a tyme la sa
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2903.
He jornaid be dayis sa Quhill he come in-to Achya
1456 Hay II 158/3.
[Man's] breste quharethrou the ayr cummys and gais … in signifyaunce that the ayr passis sa throu the warlde
a1500 Henr. Fab. 316 (Asl.).
Quhy ly ȝe sa? rys wp my sister deire
c1475 Wall. xi 265.
The king … Rewid … at it was hapnyt sa, Sa lewd a deid to lat him wndyrta
a1500 Adv. MS 25.4.15 fol. 95, 96.
He salbe prisonnyt sa the space of xl dais
1507 Reg. Privy S. I 214/1.
To cers and seik quhare ony sik salmond beis had or pass saa away
1513 Doug. xi xiii 171.
Thristand his tallans sa throu hir entralis
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 316/46.
Quhone dame Kyndnes wes rebutit sa
1573 Sempill Sat. P. xxxix 172.
To iaip thame sa, I think it na iniuir
1576 in Bann. Trans. 487.
He wrought on sa the space of xxiiii houris
1602 Dundonald Par. Rec. 11.
The said Kaithrein said to hir scho wald noth leif long and … it fell out sa
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xviii 290.
Lyand say one athyr syd, Ilkane askyt vthyr benysonis
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 1063.
And George Gipsones iskie bae Had all the wyte he womit sae
(c) 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 899.
Gud threttie pundis he conqueist sea [: gea]
Ib. 1055.(d) 1375 Barb. x 211.
Or day thai enbuschyt war … & held thaim sua still but stering
Ib. 753.
And for this word scho gert writ swa Men wend [etc.]
Ib. xviii 279.
Quhen the erle of Warayne Saw that bule anerly cum swa
a1400 Leg. S. i 115.
Quhy that he that wrechit mane Held swa in presone
?1438 Alex. ii 2393.
Sua [: ga]
c1420 Wynt. viii 357.
Joys yhe the crown swa, and noucht I, Wrangyd I call me hely
14.. Acts I 42/2.
Suilk saw of the ayre sall nocht be herde be this resoun that the fadre gafe his landis sua in his lege pouste
c1475 Wall. v 227.
Ȝeit glaid wes he that he had chapyt swa
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 429.
Thai witnes quhilk [him] accusit swa
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 99/45.
I pray God better his honour saiff Na to be lychtleit sua
1513 Doug. vi viii 49.(e) a1500 Bk. Chess 126.
Iniust thow art that reiffis thi counsall … That in thi vycis dissimilis with thé so
1513 Doug. xi xvi 49.
Quhy haldis thou awaywart so?
(3) c1450-2 Howlat 792 (A).
It semyt as sa
(4) a1400 Leg. S. xxx 790.
Thane send thai til hyre fadir by, Til hyr fadir that gert blame Thar monk & say defame
a1500 Seven S. 692.
I lufit him wele and sa he lete He lufit me attour all wicht
1529 Stirling B. Rec. I 35.
Till entyr to his werk at day lycht … And sa till contynew idandlie … enduryng his lyftyme

b. In the manner about to be described; in this manner. 1596 Dalr. I 119/25.
The title of the law buke … is sa namet, Regiam Maiestatem

c. Thus and sway, somehow or other, more or less, after a fashion. 1639 Baillie I 224.
The affaires of our Parliament goes yet but thus and sway; if we look to men our estate is bot yet wavering up and down in the scales of a very dubious event
1641 Ib. 349.
Stamford readilie removeth, Savill sat still till Essex cryed to him to remove. They packed it up betwixt themselves thus and sua

d. This and so: In nautical use, ? applied to the small movements of the helm necessary to maintain a steady course, ? = ‘steady as she goes’. Cf. sense c above. 1549 Compl. 41/22.
The master cryit on the rudir man, … steir clene vp the helme, this and so

2. With the verb to be, standing for an expression understood from the (usu. preceding) context.Also with to happin and with ellipsis of to be.

a. With personal subject: = ‘That’, ‘the same’, ‘it’.(1) 1460 Hay Alex. 882.
This thay said all was throw desteny That all the goddis haid ordant sa to be
14.. Edinb. Univ. MS La. 318/Div. ii.
Als gif ane war a fule or tua All of a cumpany, al ar nocht sa As in case may fal ful lichtly And sa fel in Godis cumpany Off his apostillis Judas was ane
15.. Christis Kirk 77 (B).
The bow in flenderis flew Sa wes the will of God trow I
1560 Rolland Seven S. 10239, 10242.
Ane cumlie creature Sa was he not … Bot … laithlie and horribill … And sa is not now Alexander king
1567 G. Ball. 29.
Ȝit all thing wirk sall for the best, For sa is rycht and Goddis will
a1568 Scott xxv 20.
For quhy thair is a fellone menȝie, That semis gud, and ar not sa
(b) c1420 Wynt. viii 901.
Gyve Brws beis Kyng off Scotland [etc.] … Gyff he beis swa [etc.]
c1420 Ratis R. 1418.
The fyfte eild … maist can of gud jugment Gyf grace be procuryt of assent; Be scho nocht swa [etc.]
1460 Hay Alex. 1019.
Samsone answarit and said Lord suth is sua
a1500 Henr. Fab. 809 (Ch.).
This foxe … behufit to be fals Swa wes his father and his grandschir als
a1568 Bann. MS 249a/19.
The gyse of luve is evir sway To sla the trew [etc.]
1562-3 Winȝet I 68/14.
And we … mot be … of ane spirit [etc.]. … To the end heirfor that we may swa be we exhort [etc.]
1581 Sempill Sat. P. xliii 143.
Ȝour faithfull subiect, and sua he sal be ȝit
1582 Misc. Stair Soc. I 104.
The auld tak … is registrat in the register of Sanctandros. Sua is the erll of Huntleis infeftment … contenit in the said register
1600 Acts IV 209/1.
Gentilmen, stay, for sua it is his hienes will
(c) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 65 (C).
That it … shold be send in hyr cuntre … Honorabilly for to be ther Buryed … And that … Was than so ordanyt for to be
a1500 Bk. Chess 1936.
Thai ar princis and suld be reput so
a1570-86 Dunb. Maitl. F. 376/20.
Nixt eftir joy ay cwmis sorrow So is this warld and ay has bene
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 68.
The squyer was Ane gentilman of Scotland borne So was his father him beforne
a1568 Scott xxiv 13.
Hir court he[s] jo quhair evir thay go The lyfe is so scho dois thame len
(2) 1596 Dalr. I 47/29.
As in Ingland the jeit stane is abundant, sa with ws … is … ambre
(3) ellipt. a1538 Abell 113b.
Bot alace abbais ar in wor sted na sa
1566 St. A. Kirk S. 290.
The woman kepand his marchand buth as his wyff and sa haldyn

b. In impersonal construction: = ‘Thus’, ‘the case’.Also with noun clause, infin. of purpose, or rel. clause complement: (If) (it is) the case (that, etc.), (if) (it happen to be) the case (that, etc.), (if) (it is) with the intention, so as, in order (to do something).Sa beand (that), it being the case (that), provided that, if.(1) 1375 Barb. i 160.
And gyff God will that it sa be
a1400 Leg. S. xxx 306. c1420 Bute MS fol. 168b.
Sa it sal be qwhen [etc.]
a1500 Seven S. 93.
That it suld be sa thai all assentit
1567 G. Ball. 19.
Lat it be sa, euer
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 85.
Sa be it to every ane as they haue deseruit
1573 Davidson Sat. P. xlii 298.
And that war lytill, thocht sa war
(b) 1375 Barb. i 507.
Sen ȝe will it be swa I will [etc.]
Ib. iv 571 (C).
Sway [E. swai]
a1400 Leg. S. xxxv 225. c1420 Ratis R. 152.
And thow may nocht asonȝe thé And sa for caus it suld swa be
1444 Aberd. B. Rec. I 10.
And that alowitt gif it swa be
1451 Reg. Episc. Brechin. I 163.
That Jhone of Cullace … wrangusly occupeis … certane landis. … Gif sua be, our will is [etc.]
1460 Hay Alex. 2273.
Thow sayis suth and it war sua
a1500 Rauf C. 56. a1540 Freiris Berw. 480 (B). 1540 Lynd. Sat. 4045.
And swer it was not sway
c1552 Id. Mon. 837.
No maruell bene thocht swa suld be Consydering [etc.]
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 629.
The man, perceaving it was sua [: gea], Gave him the gek
1624 Justiciary Cases I 18. 1645 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 57.
And if sua sould have bein, thair wald no censure followit theirvpon
(c) a1500 Seven S. 2637.
The king said: ‘Certis, it sall be so, I hecht in verbo regio’
1571 Bann. Memor. 157.
Gif so ware, thow sould in effect perceive how litle I esteime thé
ellipt. c1420 Wynt. viii 4586.
Thai fand it noucht swa then
a1500 Peblis to Play 75 (M).
Quhat neidis ȝow to maik it sua
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 502 (W2).
Delay not … And thou sal sie it swae
1586 Waus Corr. 366.
And in case your ll. fynd it nocht sway
(b) 1560 Rolland Seven S. 1082.
I wald haue giuen … Ten thousand pound for to haue had it so
(2) 1533 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 96.
Gif Andro Woid … troblit thaim wrangusly … and gif say var fondyne [etc.]
ellipt. ?a1500 Steel Roy Robert 192.
And gif thow thinkis it best sa Lat ws dereinȝe it betuix ws twa
(3) ?a1450 Florimond 220.
Gude schir, sen it is say That ȝe will pas over the se
?a1500 Remembr. Passion 597.
Think … how displesand to God thy synnis ar. Sa it is that a synnar continually offendis God
1551 Hamilton Cat. 145.
Behald heir I am the hand maidin of our Lord, sa be it to me as thow hais said
c1590 Fowler II 10/12.
Bot sa it is that I rather confesse my imbecillitie heirin
(b) 1557 Irvine Mun. I 50.
[They] ar invadit [etc.] … suae that thai may nocht [etc.]. … Gif suae be our will is heirfoir [etc.]
(4) 1485 Breadalbane Doc. No. 32.
Gif say beis that the saidis landis … hapin to ward in the kingis handis I bind and oblis me [etc.]
1494 Loutfut MS 5a.
Gif it war sa that throw fechting the tane war victour [etc.]
1513 Rep. Hist. MSS, Var. Coll. V 88. 1520 Red Bk. Menteith II 370. 1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 46.
The quhilk purposis … to tak wp the saidis frutis gif sabeis we suld pay na thing
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1315.
And gif sa be that he be found the same Than [etc.]
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 116/3.
For gif sa var that it spak in al places be ane similitude, our fayth war confundit
(b) 1375 Barb. xix 635.
Sen that it swa is That we may nocht with iupertys Our feloune fayis [fors] assaill
1410 Red Bk. Menteith II 282.
It is accordit that gif it swa be that the forsaid landis … extendis noucht [etc.]
1476–7 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 460.
And swabe that the said sovm … be layd in depois … til the behuyf & profyt of me
1520 Misc. Maitl. C. II 386.
Gyf sua war he wald gang agane … thay sal declair him infame
1533 Boece 165.
Gif sua be lefull to speik
1547–8 Corr. M. Lorraine 222.
Thar was ane greit brut … that the prences of Scotland vas deid. … Swm vald say that weir vald ceis and swa var
1549 Breadalbane Doc. No. 67.
And suay beis that I [etc.]
Ib. No. 68.
Gif sway beis that the rentall of the haill personage beis awgmentyt
(5) 1522 Wigtown B. Ct. 133b.
The alderman balȝeis [etc.] … has dischargit Matho Gnew … of the thre merkland of Culchork in tym cuming sabeand that he hald ony curtis wythout the bruch of Wigtoun fra the date of this act making
1584 Edinb. Test. XIV 176b.
This kow tobe given to the said Hew on this conditioun sa beand he do his deuetie and stand kynd to my wyf & barnes
(b) 1541 Misc. Bann. C. III 421.
That incais he be air to my Lord Bothuile, he nor his airis sall neuer louse nor redeme the landis of Peilwallis fra James Rowll … sua beand the said James keip … the pounctis of the contract
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 163/25.
Sua beand that Melchisedech [etc.]
(6) a1400 Leg. S. ix 73.
Gyf it hapyne sa that he Wil thole hyme of ȝou fundyn be
(b) 1535 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I 67.
And in lykwayis gyf sway hapnis the sayd James to cos or change his landdis [etc.]
Ib.
Sawye
Ib.
Swye

c. In the ellipt. phrases better sua, how sa, no(ch)t s(w)a.(1) a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 373.
Better sua, nor under the lug with a pund stane
(2) a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 369.
‘Father, my mirth is gone!’ ‘How sa?’ quod he
a1500 Seven S. 2581.
‘For me scho makis this melody’; ‘Swet son, how sa? Tell on, lat se’
1746 J. Row Sermon 2.
The Kirk of Scotland tastes better than ever she did, and how sae? I'le tell you
(3) 1494 Loutfut MS 7a.
Part of thaim wsit weill & lely & vtheris nocht sua
1513 Doug. i Prol. 24.
Na, na, noth swa, bot [etc.]
Ib. ii x 43.
Na, na, nocht swa [Sm. swa, Ruddim. sa], I wys, that sal scho nocht
1560 Rolland Seven S. 7581.
Nay, nay, not sa, my jois

d. Sa (So) be it, the pious tag, taking the place of Amen int.(a) 1579 Prot. Bk. A. Millar MS 54.
In the name of God sa beit be it knaw till all men … that [etc.]
(b) a1568 Scott xxxv 32.
To Fader gloir be evirmoir, To Sone and Haly Spreit; As wes afoir, now is in stoir, And ay salbe, sobeit
c1566 P. H. Brown Early Travellers in Scotland (1891) 246.
Als grant (O Laird) quhat ever of hir proceed, Be to thy glory, honour, and praise, so beed
1567 Acts III 22/2.
To quhome … be all honour and glorie, now and euer. So be it
1581 Burne Disput. 53b.
The turning of Amen into your neu Sobeit
1594 Charteris Wall. Pref. 176.
His name be praisit for euer. So be it

3. Standing for a verb or verb phrase or other expression understood from the previous context, a. with vicarious do, b. with an auxiliary verb, c. with other verbs, esp. say, call.a. (1) 1375 Barb. iii 242.
The rayne thus lettyt the fechtyn Sa did it twys thar-efter syne
a1400 Leg. S. x 55.
He trewit … at thai goddis vare verray & sa did men of that towne
a1500 Seven S. 323.
And sa it did
Ib. 2055.
Bot now sa sall thow do no mare
1494 Loutfut MS 15b.
Josue quhilk wes the first worthy that tuk armes … and salikwis did eftir him Dauid and Judas Machabus
a1538 Abell 97b.
He answert … Hang thame all on a gallos and sa thai did
1551 Hamilton Cat. 41.
Except that the universal kirk warnis me sa to do
(b) ?14.. Ship Laws c. 23 (B).
Qwhen at thai hafe swa done thai may ga furth
1513 Doug. ii ii 94.
Wald God swa thai had done syne mony a day!
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus i 177.
He bair ane bludie hart Thirlit outthrow … With ane fell flane … Richt swa it did his awin body inwart
1562-3 Winȝet I 124/10.
And pronunceis vs manifest idolatouris gif we sua do
Ib. 71/25. 1576 Crim. Trials I ii 51.
Ansuerit … that sche hirself had na kynd of art nor science swa to do
1584-9 Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. fol. 5a.
Tak sic as ȝe finde … gif ȝe will nocht do swae Than tak ȝowr leif
1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 141.
And in swa doing [etc.]
(c) a1500 Seven S. 310.
To gud the tre than couth he bid … ; and so he did
Ib. 438.
Scho bait him sair; so did he hir
(2) 1456 Hay II 129/23.
As the crabbe gais … backwart sa dois the sonne
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 61.
As lawboureris dois teland thar land … Sa dois maisteris that sciens techis
(b) 1375 Barb. vi 54.
And as he thocht rycht swa did he
1490 Irland Mir. II 105/23.
And as vthir doctouris befor me has adducit ressouns … in the fortificacioun of the faith … sua do I
(3) a1400 Leg. S. xxvi 986.
[He] prayt hym to the lord to ga & ask hyme & he did sa
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 550.
The king the bob of birks can waue The fleis away out of his woundis to haue And than began the woundit man to grane: ‘Do nocht sa, sir,’
1567 Sat. P. vi 80.
Luik ȝe do not sa
(b) c1420 Wynt. vii 88.
A murtherere mycht do na war than sua
1460 Hay Alex. 352.
Doun befoir his mother he him keist Sayand mother my maister I haue slane … Sche said allace my sone quhy did thow sua
a1538 Abell 76a.
He said Quhen I am deid steik and bar the kirk durris fast. … Eftir his deid thai did swa
a1540 Freiris Berw. 496 (B).
And quhen he had done swa [etc.]
(c) 1513 Doug. xii ii 48.
Of thy wepyng ho, I ȝow beseik, do not, do not so
b. ?14.. Ship Laws c. 18 (A).
The master aw to say till his fallows lordis frauchtis in ȝour portagis [etc.] … & thai aw to say sa [H1 sua, B. swa] tha sall
a1500 Seven S. 381.
‘Forsuth ȝestrene He couth haf spokin; sa can he now, War nocht [etc.]
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 1400 (E).
‘Convein now The counsell … '; Quod Reason, ‘Sae I sall’
(b) 1409 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 72.
Thai sal lelily do thair power on aythir part to ger it be stanchit … ande gif thai sua na may thai sal [etc.]
a1500 Henr. Hasty Credence 45.
O wicket tung … The pane of hell thow sall haif … ; Richt swa sall thay that [etc.]
c. (1) a1400 Leg. S. ii 153.
And quhen Paule sad sa Nero of wit ner cuth ga
c1420 Ratis R. 689.
Farly nocht thocht I say say
a1500 Rauf C. 720.
To ken kingis courtasie, the Deuill come to me, And sa I hope I may say
a1500 Seven S. 1093.
My deir, quhy say ȝe sa?
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 306.
Sa [M. sua] sais the curat of our kirk
1686 G. Stuart Joco-Ser. Disc. 15.
Tho I said sae, she did no frown, But leugh
(b) 1375 Barb. xi 56.
Quhen the king hard his broder say sua … He prisyt him in hys hart
c1420 Wynt. viii 759.
Off laware feis I say noucht sua [: ta]
Ib. 2044.
‘Thow suld noucht bere sa fare a knyff.’ ‘Swa [W., C., E.2 sa] sayd the preyst that swywyd thi wyff’
1573 Cath. Tr. 8/11, 12.
In veritie he wes ane pest … nocht onlie becaus he said suay bot becaus it wes suay in dide be all mennis iugement that knew him
(2) 1512 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 18.
That … that peis of land … is commoun and hes ben acallit sa of befor
(b) c1420 Wynt. iv 90.
The Capytole he [fyrst] gert ma, And be name [it] callid swa
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 205.
He … exhortit sik as wer neir hand … to abyd at the Catholick faith sua he termit the papistrie
(3) a1400 Leg. S. ii 161.
The folk of Rowme that saw swa He gerte but resone sa mony sla
1572 Sempill Sat. P. xxx 196.
Suppois ȝe wist he wrocht ȝour self iniure, Swa sum beleuis, haue baith the sydes sa sure
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 3.
King James the fourt was slaine in the feild of Flowdane. … Giff he haid vsit the counsall of his lordis … he … had cummit hame with greit honour. Bot allace he adherit to the counsall of strangeris and swa come of it
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 674.
He is wyse that quhen he is weill can hald him sua

II. With continuative force, usually placed at the beginning of the clause and frequently preceded by and.

4. a. By this means, thereby. b. Accordingly, in consequence, as a result. c. Introducing the conclusion of a calculation or formal argument: Hence, therefore.(1) 1375 Barb. vi 546.
Tharfor departis ws in thre All sall nocht sa assailyt be & in thre partis hald our way
(b) 1375 Barb. xviii 227.
For he wes glaid that he wes sua Deliueryt off a felloun fa
1543 Reg. Cupar A. II 24.
In cace thai can nocht aggre sway the said tak to be equalie devidit betuix tham
1551 Acts II 486/1.
[They] swa ar of the law periure and infame
c1560 Old Ross-shire I 12.
And … be ressone of the said provestery [sc. of the College Kirk] war alswey provests of the said toune swey reput … past memories of man
1567 G. Ball. 79.
Honour it [sc. the Cross] with feruent desyre And I [? read it] shall swa ȝour spreit inspyre
1625 Justiciary Cases I 21.
And thairfoir man sua resolue to sweir in anima sua et non ex credulitate
(c) a1540 Freiris Berw. 154 (B).
His knok scho kend and did so him in lett
(2) a1500 Seven S. 907.
Sa may thow bruke thi heretage
1496 Treas. Acc. I 297.
Gaf to ilk man on the day xij d.; sa wes it to ilk man for xiiij dayis xiiij s.
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 35.
Sa I intend, the best I can, Descryue the deidis and the man
1567 G. Ball. 18.
Will thow thy sinfull lyfe confes, And with this wark thy faith expres, Sa ar ȝe worthie
Ib. 130.
Thy bairnis sall stand round about thé; Sa will the Lord mak thé abill, And fill thy hous with honestie
1573 Cath. Tr. 8/26.
Suay we may hoip that this prophecie of Sr. Johne Knox sall cum to the same effect
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 855 (E).
Sae, be that consequens of thyne, Or syllogism … , A cow may teach thee lair
1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. 63.
Sa they count faith ane imagination of the mind
1596 James VI in Facs. Nat. MSS III lxxiv.
Sa neid ye not to doute I uill aduance him [etc.]
c1610 Lanark B. Rec. 121.
He being fwl of drink makes ane schove or ane mint to me, sa I gave him gwd wordes
1612 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 326.
The foirwall … is werie neidfull to be repairit … , sue I estemat it to icxx lib.
a1699 Skene Agric. MS (ed.) 69.
Sa if the calf die they will give no milk at all
a1700 Maidment New Bk. Old Ballads 14.
Her callour body ys … fite as any linnen … Sae shee's nae gilter jilly
(b) c1420 Wynt. iii 612.
It happynyde … Wytht wolwys hym to weryde be; Swa endyt his iniquite
Ib. iv 1053.
Swa throuch the partyng off that pray … Wes the confusiowne halily Off all Grece
a1500 K. Hart 286.
He swakit in his ene and maid him blind; Sua fra that tyme furth he micht nocht se
1510 Rec. Earld. Orkney 86.
And gif the said Vilȝem cane [etc.] … , sua sal the said Vilȝem bruik the [p]laice of Hurre
a1570-86 Maitl. F. 438/51.
Sua newir is sene in till our toun Lord laird burges or barroun
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 115/4.
Sua ma thow cleirly persaue that [etc.]
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 12.
Swa in thre ȝeris thyr regentis sal pas be degreis the hail cours
1589 Lett. Jas. VI to Bruce 279.
Sua resting in this to your wounted cair and diligence we comit you hairtilie to Godis protection
1587-99 Hume 38/149. 1660 Rothesay Par. Rec. 31.
Sua he restis comptable
(c) c1475 Wall. xi 140.
The king … prayed him for to be Off his houshald, so leyff in gud saufte
1513 Doug. ii x 144.
It is eneuch … Remanyng alyve eftyr the cite tane. So, so [L. sic o sic], hald on, leif this ded body alane
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 211.
Bot sad sentence sulde haue ane sad indyte, So termes brycht I lyste nocht for to borrow
1594 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 75b.
I tak the doubell pestoles for vi frankis xvi s. and tha geue ine bordes bot twa sous so we mane tak of thes count xii frankis
(3) a1400 Leg. S. v 206.
Riches That he gadderis … And servis it bot it nocht sa hym And sa is he the fendis lyme
1456 Hay I 197/18.
And sa, to kepe this mortale lyfe … that sa schort quhile lestis, he suld nocht [etc.]
a1500 Seven S. 852.
And sa war all mischef at hand
c1515 Asl. MS I 193/5.
And sa remanis the ile allanerlie occupijt with ws Scottis in Scotland [etc.]
1501 Treas. Acc. II 96.
And sa payit for ane ȝeir xiij li. iij s. iiij d.
1510 Rentale Dunkeld. (SHS) 4.
And sa my lord restis awand to the said Andro lvii s. viii d.
a1538 Abell 100b.
Edwert grantit to this sa that he wald gife Thomas his eldest sone in plege & sa wes done
Ib. 118b.
This feild wes strikin the xxvii day of September and endit on Mychaelmes day at ewin & sa it lestit 3 dais
1560 Rolland Seven S. 5122.
And sa at schort the empreour is aggreit With thir four men
a1578 Pitsc. I 55/6.
Ane suddart … strak him … and sa he dieit
1583–4 Cal. Sc. P. VII 39.
And sa be restoring of ane freind tuay gret enemies suld be disgracit
1611 Crim. Trials III 214.
It is cleir … that Reidhous wes vpone the ball-grene playing with him … and sa … could nocht be darnit ofbefoir in the leght
1626 Justiciary Cases I 50.
And sa scho haifing openlie vareit frome hir first confessioun … hir first confessioun sould nocht be respectit
(b) 1375 Barb. xi 284.
How we may let thaim of thair purpos And sua to thaim the wayis clos
c1420 Wynt. iv 2243.
Haldand owthe the wattyre ay Hys a hand … And swa [C. swa, W. sa] held all his lettrys dry
1533 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 97.
And suay wald hef ane decision of the said tak or the term of his enteres thayrto
c1540 Lynd. Kitteis Conf. 94.
And swa with vs thay play the knaif
1555 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 758.
And … hes vtterlie fallit to preive … the samin and suay put the said Maister Duncane and Johnne to greit labouris and expens
1559–60 Soc. Ant. XI 521.
Scho hes recouerit agane of the said chenye xxj vnces ane croune wecht les and sua wantis yit thairof xv vnces and ane half
1565 Facs. Nat. MSS III xlix.
And swa vndir pretence of that plausible argument to draw eftir thame a large tale of ignorant personis
1587–8 Aberd. Council Lett. I 23.
And sua thairby the saids compleneris … ar … maist heavelie … interruptit in thair privileges
1591 Reg. Morton I 171.
And swa lippyning that ȝe will not faill to keip this dyett preceislie
1622-6 Bisset I 109/32.
And as ane of thame sall inlaik ȝea … sall name & elect ane uthir … and sua hald the nowmer evir full of sex
1632 Justiciary Cases I 203.
And trew it is that the pannell excessit ex ephebis and sua meikle mair may be … persewit as doli capax
1682 Lauder Observes App. iv 307.
[He] passed through all the gates undiscovered, and swa is a-missing
1718 Glasgow B. Rec. IV 33.
Being the first Twesday after Michaelmess and swae the ordinary day for the election
(c) 1560 Edinb. Old Acc. II 117.
And sue is the compter superexpendit vj li. xvj s. vj d.
1559–60 Ib. I 338. c1560 Old Ross-shire I 13.
[They] haiffin thar auld infeftments seilit therewith and swey ar acknoleging the samyn to be the superior sele
1570 Leslie 230.
Thay first slew the porters and thaireftir faucht with the rest and ourcome thame, and swe wan the castell
(d) a1500 Bk. Chess 502.
So
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 19/110.
And so in idilnes my dais I have myspent

5. Indicating a similarity or parallel with an event, etc. just stated: Similarly, likewise, correspondingly.Also and sa furth, Furth adv. 4 (4).(1) a1400 Leg. S. v 205 (see sense 4 (3) above). a1500 Henr. Fab. 17.
The nuttis schell … Haldis the kirnell … ; Sa lyis thair ane doctrine wyse aneuch … vnder ane fenȝeit fabill
c1475 Wall. x 41.
Wallace gert wrychtis call, Hewyt trastis; wndyd the passage all. Sa tha sam folk he send to the dep furd, Gert set the ground
a1538 Abell 114b.
The paip ma abus his power hes a man ma abus morall wertu. Exempill … I gife almws … nocht for Goddis saik bot for wane glore … Sa ma the paip abus his keis [etc.]
a1570-86 Maitl. F. 424/166.
And with aboundance blist him … And luit him see his sones sonnes seid; Sa to his awin his ayd is all wayis ane He will confort ȝow
(b) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 13/19.
Gif thou hes ane wounde … Thair is no leiche ma mak thé haill … Quhill it be sene and clengit … ; Rycht sua thi schrift, bot it be schawin weill, Thow art not abill remissioun for to get
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 119/3.
Science without cherite is onprofitable. … Sua flesche only without the spreit … is onprofitable for mannis saluacione
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 31/43.
Sen ȝe love God in thingis outwardlie … Sua in ȝour hartis love Him inwardlie
(2) 14.. Acts I 347/2.
And thai that haldis of knychtis … ther amerciamentis ar half as in the knychtis court; And sa of vnder followand that is to say of subarmigeris [etc.]
(b) 1424 Dumbarton B. Rec. App. ii 1.
And uther swa the balȝeis and the wyt of Renfrew sal tak uther sax of thair burch
1447 Dundee Chart. 24.
Of ilk last of beire mele, … viii d., the last of terr, iiij d. … and sua of uther like guids
1509 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 125.
At na thing be tayne of the stufe sawld on hors bak nowther hydes, mantis, hors corne, nor swa sicklyk guids, without [etc.]
1525 Stirling B. Rec. I 25.
And quhen the pec of meil is coft for vj d. that the penny kake be ane pund woucht, and sya afferand the woucht of the kake as the meil is saild
1632 Dumbarton B. Rec. 37.
David Glen … executioner … sall have … aucht merks money at Witsonday and Mertimas … and sua furth during his thankfull services
1682 Wigtown B. Rec. in G. Fraser Lowland Lore (1880) 9.
To pey ȝeirlie … the soume of fourscoir punds … and sua to continow dureing his serveing of the cure

6. Indicating sequence, without implication of consequence or correspondence: Then, thereafter, next.(1) 1375 Barb. vi 218.
And as he raid … Sa saw he with the monys lycht Schynyng off scheldys
Ib. ii 25. c1450-2 Howlat 794.
Sa come the ruke with a rerd
1460 Hay Alex. 1135.
Sa it befell that [etc.]
a1500 Bk. Chess 3.
Sone efter the tyme that ald Saturnus He regnit had … Sa throw the coniunctioun that than befell [etc.]
1560 Rolland Seven S. 224.
Sa on the morne he cryit efter his clais
a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI (1804) 163.
Sa that appeirant meeting was dissoluit
(b) c1420 Wynt. v 989.
Swa in hys slepe … A yhong lady … Aperyt tyll hym
a1500 K. Hart 801.
Swa on ane day [etc.]
1529 Lynd. Complaynt 217.
Swa haistelye thay maid ane band
c1610 Lanark B. Rec. 122 (see (2) below). 1630 Aberd. Council Lett. I 330.
Sua ceasinge to ampesche yow forder at this present
(c) a1500 Bk. Chess 105.
So
1535 Stewart 48740.
So hapnit it, as my author did sa that [etc.]
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii 569.
& sa hapnyt … A lytil barne … saw hou this ferly fel
1456 Hay I 234/5.
And sa apon a day [etc.]
1513 Doug. i viii 116.
Thus said Ilioneus, and sa can he ces
1560 Rolland Seven S. 5922. 1589 Colville Lett. 94.
And sa … I humly kis your handis
c1610 Lanark B. Rec. 122.
Swa he bendis to his sword, and sa my wyf gripes him and sa scho, he and sword and all goes to the grund togider and sa thair brek the sword
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxvii 1367.
My dere fadire, quhat thinkis thou As alyene to leff me now … & swa Thi way in-to thi cunctre ga?
1388–9 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 2.
Vp that burn … and sua vp the slak on the est syde [etc.]
1491 Murray Lyon Hist. Lodge Edinb. 35.
And swa to wirk thairat quhill that xj houris be strikken
1551 Hamilton Cat. 5.
Ane scholar … man first leir the … rudimentis … and swa procede or ascend to the mair perfit understanding
1570 Leslie 281.
The Frenche men … returned … to Kirkintulloch, and swe fre that to … Edinburgh
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 68.
And swa that being done sho depairtit
Ib. 127. 1593 Lanark B. Rec. 110.
Sua
c1610 Ib. 121.
And he says he would no for him; and sua, or I wist, thay wer in otheres loges; and in comes Johnne Moat, and sa they wer red without skaith
(c) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 893 (C).
And so with sindry kyndelingis … They exponed … The cite to be byrnt
a1568 Bann. MS 26a/32.
His marcy … Frome kin to kin and so doun to kinreid … sall ay proceid

III. Functioning as an intensifier.See also VI below.See also Quhen-swa, Sagate, Samekil(l, Nane-so-prettie, Quhar(e)sa, Quha-sa, Quha-so, Quhat-sa, Quhat-so, Quho-so.

7. To such or the same (great) extent, in that or the same (extreme) degree; so very. a. With adjectivals or adverbials in negative and interrogative statements.(1) ?1438 Alex. i 3058.
I saw neuer man … Sa cleynly daill with scheild and spere
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 900.
Thair wes na hathill sa heich be half ane fute hicht
a1500 K. Hart 827.
Thair is na man suld cheris thé sa leif
1503 Treas. Acc. II 217.
For othir four verdeouris for beddis, nocht sa gude
1513 Doug. v i 51.
Thar is na land mair lykand to myne entent Nor quhar me lyst sa weil, and profitabill Our wery folkis to … estabill
1533 Boece 297.
Abbayis … peraventure wald persevere in mare vertewe … gif the magnificence of princis had nocht onerit thame with sa large possessiouns
Ib. 378.
We suld nocht think sa grete lak nor reproch to obey the will of the victouris
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1365.
Quod scho, My lord, sall he ȝit leif sa lang?
Ib. 4330.
Thair is not ane barne I wait leuand, Sa faine wald keip … the command Of hir parents
1567 Sat. P. iii 10.
My freind, quhat makis thé sa way?
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 299/70.
Thairfore … moderatlie to leif now leir … And not sa vanlie waist ȝour geir
1581 Burne Disput. 45.
Quhy ar ȝe sa ingrait vnto Christ?
1600-1610 Melvill 64.
Uthers, altho' nocht of sa guid apeirance
1686 G. Stuart Joco-Ser. Disc. 11.
Think ye that I'll be sae mislear'd?
(b) 1375 Barb. iv 24.
Sic a persoune So nobill and off sic renoune
Ib. xi 258, 259 (C).
And thai, that thar lord so mekly Saw welcum thame and so myldly, Joyfull thai war
Ib. ix 272, 273; xi 417, etc. c1420 Ratis R. 362.
Thris so fell
c1420 Wynt. ii 516.
Is nane so redy craft no chawnce Off [auld] kyn newe to fynde Than to cast stanys fast behynde
c1450-2 Howlat 684 (A), etc. c1475 Wall. x 79.
So gud chyftanys, as with sa few thar beyn With out a king, was neuir in Scotland seyn
Ib. viii 777, etc. ?a1500 Dewoit Exerc. 325.
Till Him that bocht ws so deir
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 98. Id. Flyt. 16 (M). 1513 Doug. ix vii 184.
Samony capitanys And gret herys so wrachitly as slane is
1535 Stewart 45394.
With sic indult and so greit facultie
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 126/26.
To be so indurite
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 305/27.
I wait not how this realme sall stand And lymmeris walk so wyd
(2) 1375 Barb. xvi 179.
In all the wer off Irland Sa hard a fechting wes nocht sene
c1390 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 20.
Syn sa lytill a thynge … may noght be spedde … for owre request
c1420 Wynt. viii 2043. 1513 Doug. vii x 42.
The prynce refusyt to do sa vile a deid
1549 Lamb Resonyng 83/10.
Quhat war the wordis quharupone ȝour Conqueror maid sa nobill a kyng as Macolme to sueir
Arundel MS 286/232.
Into sa gret a torment
(b) 1596 Dalr. II 250/2.
Gif so gret a jornay and sa doubtsum he tuik in hand [etc.]
(3) 1535 Stewart 77.
Madame, I said, … Quhat is the caus that ȝe commend it sua?

b. In affirmative clauses, passing into a simple intensifier without comparative force: Very; much, greatly.(1) 1375 Barb. i 128.
In this warld that is sa wyde
Ib. iv 605, etc. a1400 Leg. S. iii 876.
The fals fend … Had invy he liffit sa Thankfully to God and mane
Ib. 1152, etc. ?1438 Alex. ii 8593.
Throw thé sa fele liffis beis lorne!
Ib. i 1345, etc. 1456 Hay I 20/17.
The bitter herbe is sa felloun bitter of his nature
c1475 Wall. vi 371.
A likly ost, as of sa few, thai fand
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 16 (Ch.).
Fra cumpanie thay keipit them sa [Asl. so] coy
1513 Doug. v iii 96.
Thocht sum deil slaw was sche [sc. the ship], For that hir holl was of sa hevy tre
Ib. viii ii 26.
Eftyr sa feill dangeris and perellis seir
Ib. xi ix 33.
Turnus, that fand hys tyme sa oportune, Now baldly says he [etc.]
1535 Stewart 54756.
Liggand tha la sa law vpoun the land
Id. Bann. MS 216b/35.
God hes … put sa blumyng bewty in thair face
1560 Rolland Seven S. 908.
[God's] treasure is … Sa ample geuin
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 114/31. 1562-3 Winȝet I 9/7.
Quhate meruell is it that ȝe, sa lang indurat but repentance, be fallin in the pot of … vice?
1567 G. Ball. 112.
The Lord … The quhilk has creat heuin sa hie, And maid the eird sa meruellouslie
1568 Lyndesay Pref. (STS) 402.
From reiding of sa frutefull warkis
1596 Dalr. I 1/19.
The way of true vertue sa deip imprented with the futstepis of thair foirbears
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1326.
Sa like the laird the ladie was
(b) 1375 Barb. i 86.
To thar king that wes swa worthy
1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59. a1500 Henr. Fab. 700 (Bann.).
Me think that hennis ar sua [H., Ch. sa] hony sueit
1518–19 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 186.
And the better chaip inwart becaus scho is fraucht swa deir furthwart
1583 Ib. IV 290.
Heirin we lippin to be satisfeit, our requeist being swa resonabill
1609 Writers Signet 243.
[That the said Robert had] sua aft [broken the acts]
(2) 1375 Barb. xi 32.
Quhen schyr Eduuard … Had gevyn sa owtrageous a day
Ib. xviii 320. a1400 Leg. S. xxxii 173. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 203 (B).
And quhen the laidis saw thé sa lyk a loun Thay bickerit thé
a1595 Cullen Chron. Aberd. 47.
On Twisday … was say ewill ane day
1600-1610 Melvill 422.
Sa guid a man left in the hands of sa vyll lowns
(b) c1420 Wynt. viii 3360.
How thai … Swa [C., W. sa] hey a thyng durst tak on hand
1535 Stewart 36451. 1622-6 Bisset II 352/10.
His sua sumptuous a jornay and purpoise
(3) 1544 Bk. Carlaverock II 29.
I walld besseyk [ȝour] lordsscheyp … to be my say gud lord
1594 Warrender P. (SHS) II 238.
To notefye our sa gud affectioun towardis him
(b) 1535 Stewart 7239.
Left with sua few menȝie
Ib. 38622.
And thair tha gat sua greit stop and ganestand
(4) a1400 Leg. S. xvi 190.
In Cristis lufe say brynt thai than
Ib. xlviii 245.
For the desert that thu can ma To God that thé a-wansit sa
c1420 Ratis R. 1575.
Bot now thar hapnis few of thai, Complexione ar failȝeand say
a1568 Gyre-carling 29.
And the hennis of Hadingtoun sensyne wald nocht lay For this wyld wilroun wich thame widlit sa & wareit
(5) 1603 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II 46.
Bot being sa leist of blude to him as thay war … wald submit thame selfis … to the Laird of Leslie his awin … jugement

c. In an adversative or conditional expression: To however great extent, ‘however’.(a) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 209/39.
Sum givis to strangeris … And to awld servandis list not se War thay nevir of sa grit vertew
1596 Dalr. II 104/2.
Althoch neuir saa just
(b) 1375 Barb. xiii 588.
That nane rescours wald till him ma All thocht he lywyt him neuer sua

d. Followed by a clause introduced by in hope that: cf. 10 below. a1400 Leg. S. v 449.
And [he] fel done to Sancte Johnnys fete … And tham and handis kyssit swa In hope that he suld pardone ta

e. Redundantly in how so, so as thocht (= though). c1400 Troy-bk. ii 35.
The queyn Eleyn that wyst how so [etc.]
1513 Doug. ii ix 21.
Bot quhen scho saw how Priamus has tane His armour so as thocht he had beyn ȝyng [etc.]

IV. Introducing one of a pair of clauses expressing comparison or correspondence.

8. (Richt) sa … as (gif). a. In the same manner … as.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xxviii 493.
Thai fulfillit sa the are As motis ar in sown-beme fare
1603 James VI in Ellis Orig. Lett. 1 Ser. III 79.
Sa mon ye levell everie mannis … advyces unto you as ye finde thaime agree or discorde with the reulis thaire sett doun
1659 Stewart Mem. 135.
Present thair John M‘Stenye [etc.] … foirsaid witnessis and me Thomas Fyfe notar publict … sa it is subscrivit and I forsuith Thomas Fyfe etc. as at lenth on the 16 leif
(b) 1375 Barb. i 587.
Off hys etlyng rycht swa it fell As I sall efterwartis tell
Ib. xx 561.
Wes euer man that swa For leawte bar him till his fa As her Fabricius dois to me
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1775.
Hamewart couth I carie Swa ferliand as I had sene ane farie

b. Qualifying an adjective or adverb: To the same extent, equally, as … as, freq. in negative context.Also with ellipsis of as.(1) 1375 Barb. ix 44.
For nane wes in that company That wald haiff bene halff sa sary For till haiff sene his broder ded … As thai war for his [sc. Bruce's] seknes
c1420 Ratis R. 612. ?14.. Ship Laws c. 14 (H2).
And gif the maistir be nocht sa gud a schipmane as vthiris in the schip
c1515 Asl. MS I 188/16.
In les Scotland quhilk was nocht sa inhabit as was mair Scotland
a1578 Pitsc. I 160/21.
Thair was nane sa abill as hie
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 664.
Na man can seek his marrow in the kirne sa weill as hee that hes been in it himself
Ib. No. 803.
There is na man sa deaf as he that will not hear
1666 Corshill Baron Ct. 71.
Thair wes not sae much thairof as wes acclamed
(b) ?14.. Ship Laws c. 15 (B).
Gyf the maystyr war nocht swa gude schypman as he wende he war thar in
c1604 Misc. Hist. Soc. II 246.
The divill is not sua ivill as he is cald
(2) ?1438 Alex. i 680.
Suld thair be Sa knycht-lik man to cheis as he?
1513 Doug. ix viii 54.
Quhou mycht thou be sa cruell … As me to leif
1560 Rolland Seven S. 4493.
Sa forȝetfull ane wife As I am
1561 Reg. Privy C. I 189.
The wordis … to be haldin pro deleto in the said summondis sa oft as the samyn is thairin
1595 St. A. Kirk S. 795.
Saoft as he transgressis
(b) 1596 Edinb. B. Rec. V 156.
To tak fra the querriouris swa mony mylne staynes as he can gett
1654 Inverness Rec. II 209.
Sua much money … as sall [etc.]
(c) 1375 Barb. iv 33.
So worthy persoune as he
15.. Clar. ii 925.
Com thir men of armis … Girdand so fast as ane fireflochtis glance
1611-57 Mure Early Misc. P. ii 12.
So rair perfectioune as cannot be told
(3) 1549 Lamb Resonyng 81/25.
Bot maid pece that sa mekill of Northumberland lay betuix Tueid, Cumber and Staimor suld remane with Macolme

c. As a result, in consequence … if (gif). a1400 Leg. S. xxxii 567.
The feynd sad: ‘sa ware thu lorne Gyf thu ware fals & mansuorne'

9. (Richt, lyk) as … (richt, evin) sa, denoting a. A more or less exact similarity or identity, or b. A correspondence or parallelism, between the actions, events, etc. stated: In the same manner, similarly, equally, correspondingly, likewise (cf. 5 above).For further examples see also 2 a (2) and 3 a (2) above.(1) a1400 Leg. S. Prol. 127.
That has he did, sa sulde thai do
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. Prol. 2.
As he is set first in ordour of the euangelistis, sa he wrate first the evangel in Jude
1531 Vaus (1531) 4.
For as I may say seruio tibi: sic lyik I may say a me seruitur tibi: and as I may say [etc.] … : sa may I say [etc.]
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 1582.
As he leiuit, sa he endit, Plesandlie
1588 King Cat. 67.
As it vald be verray lang, sa is it verray hard
1587-99 Hume 38/123.
As fierie flauches … shines all the world throughout, Sa sall the Lord appeare … With leaming light
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 176.
As the gude man sayis sa say we
(b) 1559 Statut. Sc. Ch. 189.
As ye wolde be forgeuin of your synnis … swa aucht ye to forgeue vther
1562-3 Winȝet I 10/1.
And as we haue schawin sum thing … to our pastores, exhortyng thame to reformatioun, swa we suspect nocht ȝoure gentle humanitie, ȝe noble potent lordis, … to be offendit [etc.]
Ib. 132/21. c1590 Fowler I 192/6.
Whils as it is, sua must it ay remayne
(c) a1508 Want of Wyse Men 60 (B).
As lairdis so laddis, daly chengeable
1546 Lynd. Trag. Card. 245.
As … Holopharne be Judeth keillit wasse, … So was I slane [etc.]
15.. Clar. i 20.
As lucent lamp so leimit he of licht
a1570-86 J. Maitland Maitl. F. 437/103.
Louk to be prasit as thow playis thi pairt And as thow luiffis so luiffit be
c1590 J. Stewart 48/19.
As the painter … So indevoir I
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxiii 467.
For rycht as thai al in erde lay … Thane bad thai that sa suld he Thole thame stil in erde to be
14.. Reg. Maj. c. 48.
As the dowry remanis with the woman rycht sa the gyft for the spusagis cumis again to the man
1456 Hay II 22/35.
For rycht as a juge has powar … to juge … rycht sa has he power to kepe his jugementis fra fors … in execucioun of his jugement
Ib. 45/26.
Rycht as the stelyn hat kepis the knychtis hede … sa kepis drede of schame the knychtis honour
1560 Rolland Seven S. 906.
The grace of God to na man is obstant As to the riche euin siclyke to the pure As to the auld euin sa to the infant
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 117/2.
For lik as Ecolampadius … allegis [etc.] … sua did Marcione allege [etc.]

c. Introducing a clause which expresses the performance of an action while a continuing event expressed by the as clause is proceeding. 1375 Barb. ix 690.
And as he come … Ner hand the hous sua lysnyt he And herd [etc.]
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1068.
As thay wer carpand in this cais … Swa come the ȝow, the mother off the lam

d. Passing into a statement of consequence: As … in consequence, accordingly (cf. 4 above). 1570 Sat. P. xiv 78.
As his renoun is all ouerblawin And now his deith plainly furthschawin Sa sall all blyithnes be abhorde
1573 Sempill Sat. P. xxxix 15.
As thay haue brouin that bargane, sa thay drank

V. Accompanied by an expression of consequence or result, purpose, provision or condition.

10. Sa … (that, also as, quhill, than), in such a way, to such an extent … that. a. With adjectivals or adverbials.(1) 1375 Barb. i 194, etc.
Schyrreffys and bailȝheys maid he then [etc.] … That worthyt than sa rych fellone And sa wykkyt … And swa hawtane … That [etc.]
Ib. iii 236.
Thar wes nane sa hardy That durst in-to that place abid
Ib. xii 545.
The gud erle … assemblit sa [C. so] hardily That men mycht her … A gret frusch of the speris
a1400 Leg. S. xxxiv 25.
Sa costly aray Scho had, that I suld irk to say
?1438 Alex. i 1862.
At neis and mouth the blude out brast … sa farly fast That all was baithit in to blude
c1420 Wynt. ii 1677.
Francus off sa reale fame That Frawns off hym yhit hawys the name
14.. Reg. Maj. c. 48.
Ilk woman is haldyn to be sa obeciant til hir husband that [etc.]
1463 Liber Aberbr. II 131.
And at the said byschop … was say der to hym … that for fauour … of hym … the said abbot … has promittit … gratitud to the said byschop
1490 Irland Mir. II 6/2.
Sai
1492 Myll Spect. 295/9.
This man … did sa weill in his jornaye that he had the victorye
1531 Bell. Boece II 363.
Balliol … had sa blind desire to the crown, that he curit not, sa that he micht jose the samin
1533 Gau 102/19.
O almichtine God quhilk gaiff the virgine Maria … say greit faith … that [etc.]
1568 Haddington Mem. II 116.
Your wyff will be sa lene and ye abid lang fra hyr that [etc.]
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 446/51, etc.
Mycht sclanderit men of the gait audiens, … Thay sould say weill defend thair innocens, Thair honestie sa iustifie thai wald, Gar thame think schame till lie that was so bald, And gar thi grace sa kene the weritie, That [etc.]
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 35. 1596 Dalr. I 166/33.
Galdie … is nocht sa inhumane that he denyes thair askeng
c1616 Hume Orthog. 17.
But w and y maekes sae soft a mynt that it is hard to perceave
(b) 1375 Barb. ii 367.
Thai … swa fell strakys gave and tuk That [etc.]
Ib. ix 112 (C).
Swa seik wes the king That men doutit of his coueryng
Ib. xv 44 (E).
And Schyr Eduuard … Assemblit sua rycht hardely That mony a fey fell wndre fete
1549 Edinb. B. Rec. II 146.
Ane land callit Cliddisdaillandis … quhilk land wes now sua ruinous that [etc.]
1581 Acts III 223/1.
The pleyis and actionis … hes bene swa … langsum that verie few … ar brocht to ane guid end
(c) c1420 Wynt. ii 583.
All thaire ayrys deyde hale Be so fers mortal[it]e That [etc.]
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 38/21.
Be ȝe so wyis that uderis at ȝow leir
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 6115.
All mortall men salbe maid … so celestiall That [etc.]
a1578 Pitsc. I 75/21.(d) 1594 Misc. Spald. C. II 125.
The licht of the fyre … gaif scho cleir licht that ony body micht haue sene thame
(2) a1500 Henr. Fab. 532.
He wes sa lous and sa lecherous, Seis coud he nocht with kittokis ma than seuin
1513 Doug. x xii 30.
Palmus howgh sennonys smait in tway Maid hym sa slaw he mycht nocht fle away
1560 Rolland Seven S. 19.
For they war sa repleit of all riches … Thay [etc.]
Ib. 9687.(b) 1535 Stewart 22485.
That bicker wes so awfull till induir, For to debait the Britis all forbuir The wall abone
15.. Christis Kirk 16 (B).
Thay wer so nys quhen men thame nicht Thay squeilit lyk ony gaitis
(3) 1375 Barb. xvii 321.
Off sic confort men mycht thaim se And of sa rycht far contenyng As nane of thaim had abaysing
(b) 1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 163/27.
The scripture declaris the samyn sua planelie as it leiffis na place of dout
(c) 1375 Barb. xiii 312 (C).
[He] wes so sturdy and so stout As dreid of nakyn thing had he
(4) 1375 Barb. xvii 654.
And set thaim to sa [C. so] hard assay Quhill that fele of thaim woundyt war
a1400 Leg. S. xi 311.
Thane the edryse bate tham sa sare Til thai as wolfis lowd can rare
c1420 Wynt. iii 475.
The post he tyt tyll hym sa fast Quhyll downe the hous come
Ib. vii 1275. c1475 Wall. i 415.
Ane othir on the arme he hitt so hardely Quhill hand and suerd bathe on the feld can ly
c1515 Asl. MS I 325/23.
King Tytone that liffit sa lang quhill he become ane gershoppar
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 109.
And with that gleme sa desyit was my micht Quhill [etc.]
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 60/18.
With notis glaid … This joyfull merle so salust scho the day Quhill rong the widdis of hir melody
1535 Stewart 4156.
Sum in the wynd la capand thair so he Quhill [etc.]

b. With passive verbs, preceding the participle.(1) 1375 Barb. xi 617.
On ather half thai war sa stad … That [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. l 483.
Say abaysit than war thai That thai had na word for to say
c1475 Wall. iii 11.
Bot Scotland sa was waistit … at labour was away
1533 Boece 444.
The castell … was sa strenthit with new mwnicioun, that apperandlie it was inexpugnable
a1586 Maitland Ho. Seytoun 34.
George … wes sa gevin to lettres that … he passit to Sanctandrois and thair remanit … at his studie
1562-3 Winȝet II 13/8.
Mony ar … sa recouerit that … thai may be cuirit
(b) c1420 Wynt. iv 369.
Bot throuch thame quhen that he is sua Trawalyd that he mon ansure ma
Ib. vi 2141.
I am sua brynnand In cowatys, that [etc.]
1494 Loutfut MS 28b.
In the quhilk he was sua womplyt that he wes tane
1533 Gau 47/30.(c) a1500 Bk. Chess 1230.
Scho was so kepit … That to this woman come no erdlye wicht
1513 Doug. Conscience 20.
Sciens … and … conscience So corruptit ar with this warldis gude That [etc.]
(2) c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 163.
For quhy he was sa weill enarmit, He did escaip fra thame vnharmit
1560 Rolland Seven S. 5897.
Sa handillit [he] was … With lippernes, ane fouller nane culd be
a1585 Maitl. Q. 7/21.
Thay landis ar with stouth sa socht To extreme povertie ar brocht

c. With active verbs, preceding the verb.(1) a1400 Leg. S. v 445.
He … sa fore-thocht his mysded, That he gret sar
14.. Burgh Laws c. 18 (A).
& it sa fall that [etc.]
a1578 Pitsc. I 43/27.
He had sa intertenitt … him that he could dread no ewill … at his hand
1622-6 Bisset II 159/27.
Quhairin he sa varyis aganist the treuth and veritie, that he neidis na forther refutatioun
(b) 1375 Barb. i 34.
Now God gyff grace that I may swa Tret it … That [etc.]
Ib. 478.
Thys lord the Brwys … Saw all the kynryk swa forfayr … That [etc.]
c1590 Fowler II 21/27.
For Satan … hes swa enragit & enflamit his seruantis aganist the members of Christ, that [etc.]
(c) 1513 Doug. i Prol. 57.
Of Helicon so drank thou dry the flude That [etc.]
(2) 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 732.
For swa the horribill dreid Haill me ouirset I micht not say my creid
Id. Æn. viii iv 169.
He … so strenȝeis hys throt, furth chirt hys eyn
c1530-40 Stewart Bann. MS 140b/21.
Thair teith so bawchs and bluntis … Thay gowyll & thay greit
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. vi 32.
Lamenting toons best lyks me for relief, My sicknes soir to sorou so consents
(3) 1375 Barb. iv 123.
Na thar may na man [fyr] sa cowyr Than low or rek sall it discowyr

d. Following the verb.(1) a1400 Leg. S. l 213.
Ire distroblis sa the thocht, That [etc.]
1456 Hay I 154/34.
And I defend me sa agayne that thef that I dyng him wele and [etc.]
Ib. II 165/6.
To governe thé sa in vertu … that God and man be payit of the ende
1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 263.
The storm has beyn sa, and is, … that I can nocht wyn owr
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 999.
He pleisit hir sa, as I hard sane, That he was welcum ay agane
1585 Misc. Bann. C. I 113.
My intercessioun avalit sa with thame that he was … admitted to his repentance
(b) 1375 Barb. iv 65.
Thai … enforcyt the castell sua That thaim thocht na strenth mycht it ta
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 872 (C).
At the wordes of Eccuba Eneas was ameved sua … of pitte That [etc.]
c1420 Wynt. i 539.
The quhilk is … kepyde swa wytht Cherubyn That lyvand man may nane get in
1460 Hay Alex. 1710.
He agane thame him defendand sua That quhom he hit he deit of his dint
1490 Irland Mir. I 16/3.
I sall lauboure sua with the help of God that [etc.]
Ib. II 30/12.(c) a1500 Seven S. 841.
This large knycht fell so in det That [etc.]
a1568 Scott i 110.
To seis thy subiectis so in lufe and feir, That rycht and reasoun in thy realme may rute
(2) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 41/20.
I trymmill sa, ȝe will not trow
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 988.
Cupido … Inflammit sa thir luiferis hartis, Thay micht na maner of way disseuer
(b) c1530-40 Stewart Maitl. F. 249/38.
Bayth hand and purs it bindis sua Ȝe may [etc.]

e. Followed by an infinitive: To such an extent as to do something.Also with ellision of as.(a) 1549 Compl. 14/10.
He dar be sa bold to present hym befor prince Annibal
(b) 1558 Q. Kennedy Tractive 97.
Thow wyl wounder … that I … durst be sua baulde as to attempt sua heych ane purpose

f. Nocht etc. sa, as in a above, … bot (that) (= that not).(a) 1460 Hay Alex. 2785.
Thai mycht nocht sa littill step on syde Bot thai suld fall into thai wanis wyde
(b) c1420 Wynt. iv 1136 (C).
Bot I can noucht consaiff it swa Bot that this Fergus was [etc.]

11. As complement of to be: Such, of such a nature (that, etc.). 1573 Davidson Sat. P. xl 45.
Sen that the case is sa, That [etc.] … Sum vther saifgaird surely we mon ha

12. Sa (that), freq. with the following verb in non-indicative mood. a. Expressing consequence or result: With the consequence or result that, and consequently.(1) 1375 Barb. xvii 425 (C).
And quhen the se wes ebbit sa [E. sua] That men all dry till hir mycht ga
c1379 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 1.
The twa plewland of Nortoun … the qvylkys he held of myne eldfadyr … & nov of me sa that he hald thayme in fre blancheferme fra heyn furth
a1400 Leg. S. i 392.
The fals fend in his liknese Vith the pupill wald spek tharowte, Say that al wend … Goddis son that he had ben
Ib. xviii 824.
He grant ws grace heyr to lif sa That we wyne ma til His blyse
14.. Quon. Attach. c. 34.
Gif a wilde hors … our a roch cast him … saa that the man drownis
1456 Hay I 210/19.
Off the quhilkis … thare is grete langage maid in haly writt, sa that na man may deny na this is suthe autoritee
Ib. II 23/4, 5.
It is a noble thing quhen knychthede and clergy is assemblit togedir sa that knychtis war clerkis and wele letterit men, sa that thai war the mare sufficiand tobe jugis be the knaulage of science of lawis, for than [etc.]
1528 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 295.
With certificatioune to him and the saidis presoneris be nocht deliverit as said is … sa that weir sal happin to mufe tharthrow, the hale wyte tharof [etc.]
a1538 Abell 92a.
Sum giffis the maisterschip to thare wife sa at thai dar do nathing by hir
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 325/3.
Sum of the poyetis and makaris that ar now Off grit dispyte and malice ar sa fow Sa that all lesingis that can be inventit Thai put in writt
c1610 Melville Mem. 140.
He … dispysed consaill, sa that I was compellit to say that I fearit ouer lait repentance
(b) a1578 Pitsc. I 363/8.
Thir motiues … provockit the King of Scotland se that he consentit to the marieag of Magdallen the kingis eldest dochter
(c) 1375 Barb. i 291.
Hys fadyr dede he wengyt sua That in Ingland … Wes nane … that hym ne dred
c1400 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 248.
Forbes charter contenys certane lymyt meris betwix his land … and the bischapis land … that is to say [etc.] … sua that theyn furth is the meris betwix the bischape and the Lord of Marr
c1420 Wynt. v 531.
Tyll ordane tyme be statute swa That for that cas [men] suld dey na ma
1450 Peebles Chart. 15.
That God len hym gras … to govern swa that it be lovabil til God
1460 Hay Alex. 2998.
[They] fillit thame ouir with erd and stanis sua That it was far mare sicker na befoire
1538 Crim. Trials I i 207.
I ame alluterly hereit … suay that my wyf and x barnes ar hungerit and forfarne
1546 Lynd. Trag. Card. 48.
Aye gre by gre vpwarte I did ascende Swa that in to this realme did neuer ryng So gret one man as I
1551 Hamilton Cat. 171.
Christ hais luffit his kirk swa that he hes gevin him self for it
1567 Facs. Nat. MSS III lv.
Sua that efter mature consultatioun … it is … concludit [etc.]
1582–3 Reg. Privy C. III 559.
[They] left thame … for deid swa that thay wer careit hame in ane hors littar
1607 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 41.
Sua that be na law nor practik of this realme na inferiour juge can cognosce nor discyd in the said mater
1614 Aberd. Council Lett. I 128.
For I have … send you thair counsell quhilk ȝe refusit … swa that the wyt be in ȝour selff
1615 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 250.
And becaus the Lewes is dispeopled sua that no man can be listed thair
1633 Culross I 170.(d) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1742 (see 17 a (c) below). 1513 Doug. iii ii 142.
Quhen suddanly a cruel pest and traik So that cornys and frutis goith to wraik
Ib. xiii vii 54. c1550-c1580 Art of Music 2b.
The semibrewe in the beginning, in the middis and the ending may be bund, so that the taill in the senistre part upwart be drawin
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II 187.
Sho
(2) 1375 Barb. ix 583.
Gret myst in-to the mornyng fell Sa thai mycht nocht se thaim by

b. Passing into an expression of purpose: In order that.(1) c1390 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 19.
And at ye gerre this be done … sa that we be haldyn harmeles fore that paiement
c1420 Ratis R. 120. 1456 Hay II 49/9.
Sa that men that had nede of his help suld se him of fer
1471 Acta Aud. 13/1.
The abbot to schew this decrete … to the larde of Bernbowgale [etc.] … & to offir thaim the copye therof … sa that thai allege nocht ignorance
c1475 Wall. xi 209.
To ded or schaym sa that thai mycht him bryng
1511 Lennox Mun. 194.
Say that allwais the airis to be gottin betuix thaim sal be lauchfule
1533–4 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 106.
The quhilk [building] the said Jhone promittit to tak in say at the saidis Symont var nocht stoppit of seicht betuix [etc.]
(b) 1375 Barb. i 15.
To put in wryt a suthfast story That it lest ay furth in memory Swa that na tyme of lenth it let
Ib. xx 581.
Thai … Gert [seth] him swa that mycht be tane The flesch all haly fra the bane
1391 Acts I 216/2.
That yhe grant na confirmacione thare apone … swa that sic contract … make na preiudice … to my fornemmyt wife
1398–9 Ib. 211/2.
Ilke yhere the kyng sal halde a parlement swa that his subiectis be servit of the law
1489 Wemyss Chart. 113.
The said knych and scho … has maid excambium … sua that the said knycht sall brwik … pesiabli … the said landis
1509 Lennox Mun. 188.
Swa at the pament … sall newyr hort the sayde lord
1515 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 157.
And the saidis personis be convoyit to thair lugeings be ane of the saidis porteris swa that gif ony inconvenient happinis that thair hoste mycht ansuer for thame as efferis
1540 Wigtownshire Chart. 67. 1546 Reg. Cupar A. II 36.
[To] vphald … the said Jhone Alane … suay that he hawe na just cause of plant
1564–5 Reg. Privy C. I 325.
To caus melt the maill full of fals hardhedis brocht furth of Flanderis … swa that thai haif na cours … within this realme
1621 Misc. Maitl. C. I 196.
And the same bell to be run for the said day swa that the wynnar thereof may have the same again
1675 Sutherland Bk. III 212.
That ane decreet be interponed therto swae that letteris of horning … be direct heirupon in forme as effiers
1688 Tryal Philip Standsfield 32.
Swa that his posterity may never … joyse any honours … within the realm
(c) c1400 Troy-bk. i 23.
Syk strangeres in hys cuntre War cummyn for to spye and see The pryvateis of hys kynryk … So that thay mytht … Repare agayne and stroye the land
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xlix 191.
Modire … Tak Tecla & hir modire be Sa scho be oure aduocat Anence God
(b) 1375 Barb. i 156.
Gyff thow will hald in cheyff off me … I sall do swa thow sall be king

c. Expressing a proviso or condition: Provided (that), on condition (that), so long as, if.Bot sa, unless, except.(1) a1400 Leg. S. viii 27.
Bot the apostol cane thame say, Sa that ȝe wil trw to me, & ger ȝour maumentis brokine be [etc.] … that seke men may Fra God thare hele get
1456 Hay I 192/28.
Trewly be the law I aw to … defend but clame of chalange of law, sa that the said defens be maid sone incontynent efter the injure
Id. Alex. 1116.
Ane erle I sall thé mak Sa that thow will ȝoung Alexander forsaik
c1475 Wall. viii 172. 1524 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 210.
[He would be ready] to pas tharto [etc.] … sa that the laif of the heidismen do siclik
1549 Compl. 168/20.
The quhilk maye be eysylie remedit sa that ȝe vald nocht be obstinat
1565 Facs. Nat. MSS III xlvii.
He was contentit to cum … sa that he mycht be assurit of his lyff
16.. Hist. Kennedy 9.
This last Gilbertt … cairitt nocht how he gatt land sa that he culd cum be the samin
(b) c1379 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 1.
I sall gif hym my charter … swa that the forsayde Alayne delyuer to me ane lettyr of resyngnacyovne of … the landys before sayde
14.. Burgh Laws c. 88 (A).
The husbande sal … ioys … that land … sua that the husband haf witnes of ii leill mene … that [etc.]
1444 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 194.
It sale be lefule to the saide Schir Alexander … to have regres … to his landis of Cluny … swa that [he] … content the kyng … of als mykyle maile as he sall lake of the landis of Stradee
a1500 Henr. Fab. 237.
Ane modicum is mair for till allow Swa that gude will be keruer at the dais
1513 Reg. Cupar A. I 290.
Dauid Pullour and his son Johne Watson is agreit sway that Dauid be taxman for his tym, to lef al his gud to the said Johne [etc.]
1518 Sutherland Bk. III 69.
To dispone apoun the said mariagis … att his plesour suay that thair be na dispariage
1535 Stewart 6744.
Bot weill he knew he culd thame all defy, King Caratac sua that he culd cut by
1622-6 Bisset II 253/10.
To cause utheris [sc. ships] to be removed … sua that they be nethir loissand nor laidnand bot emptie
(c) a1500 Bk. Chess 622.
Will thow thi wyf cheis weile To the gud moder douchter se thow go So that hir grandame be of gud fame also
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii 600.
Oure goddis … ȝet mercy wil haf of thé Sa thu wil repent thé
14.. Quon. Attach. c. 41.
The balȝeis sal opin the bref sa sum part of the sell … anherd to the tail of the breff
c1500 Interl. Droich 134.
Givis me a drink sa it be gude
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 994. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 450.
We dule for na evill deid, sa it be derne haldin
1522 Selkirk B. Ct. MS fol. 93a.
Comperit James Ellot and said he was content to paye hir his maill … sa [ed. so] scho wald hald the said James harmles
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 28.
With help of Cleo I intend, Sa Minerue wald me sapience send, Ane nobill squyer to discryfe
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iv 491.
Sa ȝour grace thocht his seruice acceptabill I sall vphald his seruice inceissabill
Id. Seven S. 2137.
I … Suld … euer mair in estimatioun be, Sa I had hap to gar that dum beist die
a1585 Maitl. Q. 76/58.
Ȝit I doe not forbid alluterlie To mak conqueis sa it be done iustlie
(b) a1500 Henr. Fab. 9.
In lyke maner as throw a bustious eird, Swa it be laubourit with grit diligence, Springis … the corne
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 122/21.
Swa thai the kirk have in thair cure, Thai fors bot litill how it fure
1531 Vaus (1531) 4.
Quhen thare cummis twa verbis in ane orisone without ane coniunctione swa nodyr of thame betaking mouing to ane place than the tane of thame sal be in the infinite moide
1531 Bell. Boece (M) I 144.
And gif it happinnit thame to be slayn, thai curit nocht, sua thai had revengit the iniuris done
1541 Reg. Cupar A. II 15.
Powar … to mak subtenentis ane or may, sway thai be of na gretar degre nor stait na thame self
1544 Ib. 39.
Sway the samyn be prewyne sufficientlye vpone thame, it sall be tinsall to thair takis
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 171/5.
Nochttheles I will speir ȝit ane questioun at ȝou … sua ȝe will nocht be offendit
Ib. 171/30.
Takand na thocht to subuert the haill ordour … of christindome sua thai may suage thair insaciable sensualite
(c) 1570 Bann. Memor. 48.
Ȝea neid nocht to take cair, so the peremptore be weill handled
(3) a1500 Bk. Chess 2166.
And neuer a bak to cum quhar that he was Bot so it be throw awentur he wyn The ower bar
Ib. 2173.
Frome poynt to poynt the [pawn's] cours furth sall bring And neuer pas to poyntis angular Bot sa it be to sla his adversar

d. In asseverations or adjurations.(a) 1375 Barb. i 157.
‘Schyr,’ said he, ‘sa God me save. The kynryk ȝharn I nocht to have'
Ib. xi 648.
The king said, ‘Sa our Lord me se A fute till him thow sall nocht ga’
?1438 Alex. ii 94.
Sa God me reid
Ib. 2087.
Sa our goddis me were fra wa, The thre, I wait, weill luffis the tua
Ib. 2236.
I sueir ȝow … At, sa lufe mak me succouris, I think nouthir quhare on luffing Bot on dam Ydeas the ȝing
Ib. 2373.
‘Shir,’ said the king, ‘sa be I quit [etc.]’
Ib. 4750, etc.
Schir, ȝe haue me greued sare To-day, sa God me keip fra care!
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1010.
‘I can not spell,’ quod he, ‘sa God me speid’
a1500 Rauf C. 53.
‘Sa mot I thrife,’ said the king, ‘I speir for nane ill’
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 71/22.
Sa God me saiff
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 43.(b) 1612 Prot. Bk. W. Leslie (Burgess Oath).
Sua help me God
(c) 15.. Clar. iv 1390.
Madame, I thanke ȝow, so wot God me se

e. In respect that, inasmuch as.In which either the statement of the clause introduced by sua that is logically consequent on or equivalent to the accompanying clause or, conversely, in which the latter similarly implies the former. 14.. Reg. Maj. c. 48.
Ilk man … may sell the dowry of his wif … sua that his wif is haldyn til him in that as in other thingis
Ib.
& gif that the ayr denyis to that wif al hir rycht sua that he say til hir in court that scho was neuer endowyt [etc.]
Ib.
Gif that ony lande be gevyne to woman in dowry nemmyt sua that a kirk in that fee be fundyn efter the dede of hir husband the woman sal haf tharof fre presentacione sua that to quham so euer honest clerk scho likis scho may it gif

VI. With various advs. and adjs. of quantity, number, distance, distance in time or duration.Also Samekil(l.

13. Sa ever: Used, with generalizing or emphatic force, with how, quha, quhare, quhat, etc.See also: Ever adv. 3, Howsaever, Quhar(e)-sa-ever, Quher(e)soevir, Quha-sa-ever, Quha-so-ever, Quham-sa-ever, Quhatkin adj. 3 b, Quhatsaever, Quhatsoever, Quhensaever, Quhensoever, Quher(e)soevir, Quhiddersoevir, Quho-so-ever. 1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 149.
I sall remane … to lament the absence, how schort sa ever it be
1596 Dalr. I 31/28.
How deip saeuir be the snawe, how lang saevir the frost ly
Ib. 84/15. 1622-6 Bisset I 254/2.

14. Sa fer, far. a. In lit. senses. b. So much, to such an extent. c. Sa fer (far) as, in sa fer as, in sa fer that, so or as much as, in as much as, to the extent that. d. Sa far from … that, used to give emphasis to a contrasting statement following, = far from (doing one thing) … , on the contrary (he, etc. did something quite different).See also Fer adv. 3 b, Far adv. 3 b, Insafer.a. 1375 Barb. v 202.
Sa fer in-to Scotland for to far
1456 Hay I 178/31.
He understude nocht that he suld pas be see, till sa fer a haly graf
1513 Doug. vi iii 83.
Sa fer befor Achates and Ene As thai mycht weil behald thame with thar e
1531 Bell. Boece (M) I 72.
This history, safer as we haif writin, is colleckitt oute of Veremounde, Johnne Campbell [etc.]
1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 104.
Thairfra athir of thame for thair awin pairtes safer as thai occupie thairof
(b) 15.. Clar. iii 127.
Into so far cuntrie
b. 1513 Doug. ix Prol. 81.
Affectioun sa far my rayson blyndis
Ib. 84.
Syne pardon me, sat sa far in my lycht
1565 Facs. Nat. MSS III xlix.
A thing safar beyond all measour that [etc.]
1607 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 99.
Trewlie we presome safer of his … honnestie that … he wald neuir prove sa … disloyall
(b) 1609 Rep. Hist. MSS, Var. Coll. V 113.
Seing I am sua far agaitvart I will … desyre yowe to be instant with his lordship
(c) 1535 Stewart 15796.
With auerice he wes so far infeccit, Quhilk [etc.]
Ib. 13569.c. (1) 1445 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 311.
Als safere as thai may let it at thair gudely powere to warn him in al gudely haist
1485 Acts II 172/2.
The custumaris … to be dischargit of safer as thai deliuer to the said wardan and changeour
1513 Doug. viii vii 75.
All maner thing … That may be wrocht … Sa far as fyre and wynd and hie engyne Into our art may cumpas or dyvyne
1521–2 Id. in Doug. (Sm.) I p. cv.
Gif thai had not wrocht in the contrar to thair awne distruccioun and myne sa fer as in thame lyis
1531 Bell. Boece (M) I 255.
And sa fer as pertenit to ws, ȝe knaw wele oure inimeis iniustlie persewing ws
1596–7 Crim. Trials II 15.
And as to the dittay … denyis it euerie word, except safar as greis with his depositioun
1652 Dunkeld Presb. I 111.
To draw upe ane new band therof with a narrative of the old within it sa far as concernes his pairt therof
(b) 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 534.
Our soul goeth out of kind so far as to make an idol of this earth
(2) c1490 Irland Asl. MS 46/5.
Neuertheles in safere as the natur of the synnar is gud … quhilis God heris him
1564 Peebles B. Rec. I 293.
To depryve him of his fredoum in say far as is mensuorin
1558-66 Knox II 274.
In sa far as be this proclamatioun it is understand … that [etc.]
1581 Burne Disput. in 1573-1600 Cath. Tr. 140/11.
Al Christianis in safar as thay confes Christ to be the sone of the leuing God [etc.]
(b) a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 1489 (W2).
Thair nibours they abusit, In swa far as they had accusit Them
1641 Acts V (1817) 572/1.
His maiestie … confirmes the foirsaid act … except in sua far as the samyn is innovat be the commissioun efterspecefeit
1672 Justiciary Ct. Rec. II 117.
The complainer was no magistrate in swa far as he had not taken the declaration
1673 Edinb. B. Rec. X 142.
John Jossie declared he subscryved the same in swa far as it is agreable with the decreit arbitrall and no utherwayes
1674 Justiciary Ct. Rec. II 299.
In sua far as he had given in a petition to them without so much as mentioning [etc.]
1675 Edinb. B. Rec. X 242. 1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. i xi 4 (1678) 115.
Yet if he killed, it was done in his own defence, in swa far as the defunct drew a sword
1679 Edinb. B. Rec. X 387. 1700 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 10 Sept.
Creditor to the said defunct in swae far as the said umquhill Jannet … wes justlie ouing and adebted [etc.]
(c) a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 119/15.
The manlie nature of our saluiour in so far as he vas the sone of the Virgine
1633 Acts V 39/1.
In soe far as concernes a competent maintenance to be locallie payit
(3) 1490 Irland Mir. I 150/6.
In safere that Jhesus … all his devin nature he takis of his fadere and his humane nature he takis of hire
Ib. II 5/7.
He inducit the pepil to mony offensis … in sa fer that thai commyttit ydolatrie
d. 1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 23.
That same heroicall hart of the quene mantenit it self sa far from casting hirself downe into base lamentatiounis and teiris that scho matchit or rather far surmountit all credite [etc.]

15. a. And sa furth, and so on: see Furth adv. 4 (4). b. Evin sa furth, continuing in the same way. 1451 Acts II 40/2.
That the lyon & half lyon be strikyn ewin sa furth

16. Sa lang: see also Lang adj.1 3, Lang adv. 1 a (2) and (sa lang as) (9).(1) 1375 Barb. xi 40.
Ik herd neuer quhar sa lang warnyng Wes gevyn to sa mychty a king
(2) c1420 Ratis R. 1128.
The tothir eild … Is fra thre ȝer to vij lestand. Sa lang havis child wyl always With flouris for the jap
1456 Hay I 61/28. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 174 (M).
He hes bein lichour sa lang quhill lost is his nature
1557 Inverness Rec. I 15.
It wes owr hamle to onne of ye all to hald my pan fra me say lang
1560 Rolland Seven S. 10311.
King Alexanders quene In adultrie that sa done lang had bene
1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. 45.
And it were never sa lang syne
(b) 1602 Dundonald Par. Rec. 10.
That hir mother tauld hir that everie seven yeir the teind of thame passed to hell and that scho speirit at hir mother quhow scho escaipit sway long
1623 Sc. Ant. VI 180.
I constitute … my spouse, tutrix testamentar to … my sones … swa lang as scho [etc.]
(c) 1375 Barb. xvii 531 (C).
So lang thai raid … That [etc.]
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1539 (C). 1513 Doug. vi xiv 14.
The peys and quiet quhilk solang dyd stand He sal dissolue
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 145/7.
The vickit heresy of Arrius, quhilk range so lange and a[pprovin be so mo]ny

17. Sa mony (manie). a. Such a (large) number (of).(a) 1375 Barb. xi 536.
Thai war the fayrest cumpany That men mycht find of sa mony
a1400 Leg. S. ii 162.
Swa He gerte but resone sa mony sla
1456 Hay I 28/36.
Sa mony lesingis, cautelis [etc.]
Id. Alex. 1708.
On his scheild thai laid sa mony rout
1513 Doug. xii Prol. 105.
Flowris … sa mony diuers hew
1533 Bell. Livy I 302/25.
Quhat is the caus … that na man impugnit this new signorie sa mony monethis bipast?
1536–7 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 84.
And thair culd nocht be sa mony fund vacand to geve proportionally for thame
1551 Hamilton Cat. 4.
Quhat trew Christin hart will nocht … sorrow to se sa mony sectis
1570 Leslie 96.
And sa mony of thair folkis slane
c1590 Fowler I 88/54.
For whiche thow hes sae manie teares so vanelie shed
(b) 1611-57 Mure Hist. Rowallane 243.
Whose profuse giveing away of swa many parcells of his proper lands
(c) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1740.
So mony with the fyre ware brynt, And mony drowned … So that thai had no savite
c1450-2 Howlat 237 (A).
Confes cleir can I nocht … The maner nor the multitud so mony [B. samonye] thair was
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 216.
So mony kene knyghtis this kenrik within
Ib. (OUP) 110/66.
So mony victoryse

b. The same or the equivalent number (of), as many. 1512 Treas. Acc. IV 186.
In ilk purse fourty xij d. grotis, to samony pure men
Ib. 1533 Gau 3/26.
Thay quhilk red thayme [sc. prayers] … suld haiff sa mony thousand ȝeris of pardone
1563–4 Reg. Privy C. I 263.
Thai and samony of thair freindis
1600 Misc. Bann. C. I 175.
To mak thair repentance ilkane of thame in sa mony kirkis
1622-6 Bisset II 249/11.
They aucht to lay sa mony ingynis ane as the uthir

c. As many … as or that.Also const. participial phr.(1) 1473 Acta Aud. 24/2.
That he has pait to the said Johne the male of the landis of sa mony termes as he occupijt thaim
1489–90 Acta Conc. I 131/2.
Samekle and samony of the samyn study cuschingis weschale [etc.] … as aucht to be deliuerit
1548–9 Corr. M. Lorraine 292.
Sa mony as is nedfull
1549 Compl. 163/11.
Sa mony of ȝou that ar defensabil men sal pas … in battel
1552 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 278.
Sae
1556 Reg. Cupar A. II 261.
The said Johnne … sall tak … samony ky … as we plais deliuer thame
a1578 Pitsc. I 275/29.
Thay … fled to Berwick sa money as war left on lyff
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 110/11.
To præferre speciallie to youre seruice samonie as treulie haue seruid me
(2) 1592 Acts III 562/2.
Lettrez to be writtin to samony of his said counsaill presentlie nominat … requiring thame to accept the places quhairvnto thay ar nominat

d. A certain unspecified number (of). 1592 Douglas Chart. 307.
Aggre with … Montrois to lett ȝow haue sa mony hagbutters and gif ȝe wald hald thame the langair tak the fewair
1595 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 4b.
For the cors of our flage for sa mony ellis of leneine

18. Sa sone: see Son(e adv. 5.

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