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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1986 (DOST Vol. VI).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Put, Putt(e, v. Also: pwt; pute, puit; pout(te, powt; Pit(t; Pot(t. P.t. put(t, pute, pwt(e; pat(t, pate; puttit, -ed. P.p. put, putt(e; pute, pwt(e, puit; pout, powt; puttin, -en; path. [ME and e.m.E. pute(n (c 1220), putte(n (12th c.), pwt (1479), p.t. putte (Layamon), put (c 1300), puttede, -ide (Wyclif), -ed, -id, -yd, p.p. put (Cursor M.), putt (Rolle), yput, i-putte, putte (Piers Plowman, Trevisa), putted (Rolle), -id (c 1450), putet (1495), late ME puttyn (c 1400), -en (c 1450), late OE *putian (? 4–u-5, ? 4–ū-5), late OE putung vbl. n. instigation.] To put.

I. 1. intr. To push or shove; to thrust; ? to push or press forward in battle, to give battle. ?1438 Alex. ii 9036.
Thay put and showit with all thare micht
Ib. 9096.
Sa fast thay faucht and put agane That of seuin battellis thay left but ane
c1420 Wynt. viii 3507 (C).
That the Bewmonde … withe a sturdy worde Bad stande and put [R. stand a pwt, W. stand a put]
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 1591.
Bot he was put sa far into the thrang And him allane his fais mellit amang

b. To butt with horns. c. To butt or thrust one's way throuch a physical obstacle. 1513 Doug. ix x 91.
A ȝoung bullok … [that] Can all reddy with hornys fuyn and put
15.. Lichtoun Dreme 18 (M).
I … kest my self richt with ane michtie bend Put throuch [B. Outthruch] the volt and pressit nocht the pend

d. To propel or ‘putt’ (a stone or other weight): see Putting vbl. n. 2, Put(t)ar n. 1 (1).

2. tr. With adverbial of motion or direction: To make (an army etc.) move or retreat in the direction stated, by force; to drive, force.To put upon thair bakkis = to put abak, sense 38. ?1438 Alex. i 2357.
Gavdifeir saw the nobill king Preis his men throw hard fechting To put duke Betys to the plane, And, throw force … To reif him the strenth of the hill
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 74.
The said erllis cumpany, cumand vpoun the said gentilmene of Lowthiane, was put vpoun thair bakkis with speiris

3. To cause (a person or thing) to move, by exerting some physical force, in a direction or into a position expressed by an adverbial; to thrust, push, move, set. Also reflex.Also to put (another) to the dore or ȝet.(1) pres. 1436–7 Ayr B. Ct. p. 55 (3 Jan.).
Thir women … that thai be demanyt … that is to be with hyrne clekis put in the water
a1500 Rauf C. 119, 121.
The Coilȝear … tuke him be the hand And put him befoir him … the king … To put the Coilȝear in befoir maid him to mene
1565 Inverness Rec. I 128.
Gif he fand ony of my serwandis puttan muk on the said mydding
p.t. 1598 Misc. Spald. C. I 120.
Thow tuik a cat, and pat hir nyn tymes bakvart throw the sam hesp
1610 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 108/13. 2.
Hary Ruthuen … gaif Andro Hendersoun ane grite louke and almoist patt him over the brig
1623 Elgin Rec. II 179.
[She] iniurit hir werie ewill and patt the lass from hir seat and raif hir plaid
1623 Perth Kirk S. MS 19 May.
Scho … maid ane hoill … and pat ane bairne throw it thrie tymeis
1625 Justiciary Cases I 21.
That Thomas Crombie only tuik hand and quhinger and all and pat it bak fra him self
(b) a1500 Rauf C. 119 (see pres. above).p.p. 1600-1610 Melvill 36.
About foure … he was put af the leddar
(2) pres. c1610 Melville Mem. 324.
Boisting to put me to the ȝet
p.t. 1624 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 137.
He gaue ȝow ane cuff, and pat ȝow to the dore
c1650 Spalding II 467.
Sir Williame … pat the lady to the yet
(b) 1638 Johnston Diary I 294.
Quhairat my wyfe being irritat put hir to the yett
(3) reflex. c1490 Irland Asl. MS 24/20.
As pilgrimage prayer puttand thé on thi kneis

b. To move or place one's limb or part of one's body (into a certain place or position or in a certain direction). Also fig. c1420 Wynt. v 5791.
Quhen he hys a fwte had pwt in The fwnt [etc.]
14.. Quon. Attach. c. 53.
Gif he puttis nocht his hande fully & plat to the buk
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 129/4.
Thomas put his hand in his syde
c1590 Fowler II 57/22.
The Christians … by thair fingars transuersly puttin, formit a figure of the crosse
1600 Acts IV 206/2.
[Alexander Ruthven] puttis his richt neiff in his maiesteis mouth
Ib. 208/2.
His maiestie pat his fute vpoun the halk leische, and held hir ane lang tyme
c1610 Melville Mem. 171.
Bot the sattiers … pat ther handis behind them to ther tailes, quhilkis [etc.]
1622 Elgin Rec. II 174.
Alexander Hephburne pat his thie to stay Robert Martein
fig. 1692 Presb. Eloq. 86.
You lasses and lads put your shoulders to that work

c. To put (violent) hand(is) (to, on, in): see Hand n. 11. 1498–9 Acta Conc. II 305.
The kingis hienes til put his handis and remane with the sammyn fisching as his propirte
1572 Dickson & Edmond Ann. Sc. Printing 252.
To quyet therefore my owne conscience, I put hand to the pen as followeth
1611 Crim. Trials III 131.
He pat his handis in the said Williames throt, and thairwith worried … him
1661 Black Sc. Witches 36.
And yow putt yor hands in my throat and thoucht to have woried me

d. To put one's hand to (unto) the pleuch, see Pleuch n. 1 c.

e. To put (a limb etc.) furth or out of (joint). 1585 Waus Corr. 337.
My hors fell with me, and I pat my schulder bled out of lithe
1605 Reg. Privy C. VII 111.
[(They) broke his right arm and] put the same furth of joyntour
1630 Ib. 2 Ser. III 607.
His hors … whois forder spalds wer putt out of lith

f. To send or shoot (a bullet) throw (an object etc.). 1590 Reg. Privy C. IV 486.
Threitnyt to put twa bullettis throw his heid

g. To put (a drinking-cup) to one's head. a1651 Calderwood VII 165.
They killed him in ane innes, whill he was putting the coppe to his heade

h. To set (a plough) to or in the land it is to till. 1416 Liber Melros 539.
It sal be lefull to the said abbot and conuent … to put agayne thair plwis to the saide land
1531 Bell. Boece II 328.
Was sa vehement frost in Scotland that na pluch micht be put in the land afore the middis of Marche

4. a. reflex. To put oneself to or in the se, to take to sea, to set sail. 1375 Barb. iv 441 (C).
In hy thai put thame to the se And rowit fast
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1697.
Thai put thaim out in the depe se
1456 Hay I 39/15.
And syne thai put thame in the see and thocht to passe in Lombardye

b. To put (a ship) to sea. 1535 Stewart 44208.
He … Feit ane schip and pat her to the fame, Into Scotland agane for to cum hame

5. To cause (a person, also an animal) to be in (also into, to) a certain place or situation expressed or, occas., implied in the context; to instal, set, place.In these examples the employment of physical force is either not clearly alluded to or is not necessarily involved.(1) pres. a1500 Sir Eger 2190.
Good sir, my self shal be your guide. We shal not twin while it be late, Then shal I put you in the gate
16.. Crim. Trials II 434.
The Laird of Arkinles … thair takis him prissoner … and putting him in ane boitt … he … lowpis in the watter
p.t. (a) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 684 (C).
Inne-to this sayd hors … The Gregeois put … Symeon
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2748.
He … Put garisoun and stuf in that castell
a1500 Seven S. 1029. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 5335.(b) 1535 Stewart 8811.
For hir gilt tha pat hir quik in graue
1549 Compl. 5/31. 1565–6 Canongate Kirk S. (ed.) 40.
Allegand the said Elezabethe [brocht in] ane of the quenis gracis cukis quyetlie, and pat him in ane loft
1570 Sat. P. x 318.
He … fand him at the last, And pat him in Lochleuin, quhair he is fast
Ib. xv 88.
For quhy Cardanus The Feind pat in the preist
a1578 Pitsc. I 237/16.
And also the king gart tak ane dum woman and pat hir in Inchekeytht
Ib. II 84/8 (I).
Thay … saltit him and pat him in ane keist
c 1580 Mary 12th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. viii 9.
God wats qhiou sor I hauue forthocht that I pat him not at the furst with yow
1610 Crim. Trials III 110.p.p. a1400 Leg. S. xxvii 273.
He that quyk sawit Moyses In the watir quhen he put was
c1515 Asl. MS I 199/7.
In euerilk hous of Yngland thare was put ane Dene to be mastere
1517 Treas. Acc. V 157.
For ane hors bocht fra James Kynloch and put in the gun cart lymmowris
1528 Stirling B. Rec. I 33.
He sould be put to ane desert without the burgh, as lypir men hes wsit to be demanit
1549 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. XVII 205.
[Plague victims] to be put to muyr without delay
1568 (c 1650) Dundee B. Laws 36.
That all land fleshors be put at 9 houres at once to the mercat
1627 Laing MSS I 178.
I am castin lowse and putt to [v.r. in] ane bak rowme
(2) ?a1500 Remembr. Passion 650.
To keip him the Iowis put men of weir
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 130.
To haue past to the Castell of Dunbartane, for to haue put our souerane ladie for preservatioun of hir bodie

b. To set a person, a person's body or part of the body, in a place of confinement, in, on or to an instrument of punishment, or the like.See Brankis n. 2, Cukstule n., Goif n., Govis n. pl., Jayne n., Jevill n., Jogis n. pl., Preso(u)n n.1, etc., for further instances.To put in presoun, to send to prison: see Preso(u)n n.1 1 (2).(1) 1456 Hay I 172/33.
Gif a knycht … puttis him [his prisoner] in a clos prisoun toure or castell
1538 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 88.
That scho be putt in the irnis at the croce
1562 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 6.
[All swearers] salbe put in cukstule or goffis
a1578 Pitsc. II 242/24.
Thairfoir thay pat him in the buittis
1579 Acts III 145/2.
He sall … be put in the stokkis
1579 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 129.
William Littill, baillie, pat the said John Ellott in waird
1581 Ib. 219.
Thair said mother … to be put in Dyngwall induring the townis will
1581 Nugae Scoticae 36.
And for thait cauis I vais puit in prison
1597 St. A. Kirk S. 835.
1683 Sheriffhall Coal Accompt 16 June.
Quhen the coalȝiers wer putt in the tolbuith
(2) 1594 Aberd. B. Rec. II 93.
Hir craig to be put in the govis
1624 Chron. Perth 26.
They instantly wardit him and patt baith his feit on the gade
(3) 14.. Acts I 33/2.
Scho sall … be put on the kukstule
(4) 1585–6 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 454.
Thomas Bryntoun … to be putt to the croce
1629 Elgin Rec. II 208.
John Innes … to be vardit and puttin to the joggis

c. To convey over a water.1591 Edinb. B. Rec. V 41 (see Putting vbl. n. 1 (1)). 1675 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 20 Oct.
Ordaines the officers … to put over the water Samuell McGown Little Winrum and McMin and any uther they can find heireftir they are to have six shilling for ilk on they put over the water

6. To cause (cattle etc.) to be in, at etc., to place or introduce to, a place, or amang other animals.pres. 1531 Reg. Soltre 104.
He sall put nay bestiall vpon the inland girs
1531 Bell. Boece I xli.
The landwart peple puttis certane tame cursouris and meris amang thir wild hors
1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 143.
All infekit nout to be put at the dry louch
1553 Reg. Privy S. IV 349/1.
That divers personis duelland neir … Glenartney puttis wyld meris within the samin [forest]
1578 Glenartney Doc.
Diuers our leigis … putt and as ȝit daylie puttis thair guides in the samin forrest
1598 Paisley B. Rec. 213.
Sic persouns haifing ky that putis the samin to the comoun befoir the horne blaw
1653 Peebles B. Rec. II 15.
That no … burges pasture or put scheepe or nolt to the said landes
p.t. 1549 Compl. 42/26.
The scheiphirdis pat there scheip on … hillis, to get ther pastour

b. To put (cattle) to or before (a herdsman), to place them with him, to put them in his charge.1475 Prestwick B. Rec. 26 (see Inhird n.). 1669 Rothesay B. Rec. 167.
Except quhat they pute thairof [sc. of cattle] befoir the commoune hird or in tyme of labour in the commoune

7. To cause (a thing) to be in a physical situation expressed by an adverbial; to move, set, place, lay, fix, instal (in, on, to, over, etc.).(1) pres. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 412 (C).
Troyiens … gold and syluer [etc.] … Inne-to the tempile of Mynerve Suld put hem thar for to conserve
1489 Treas. Acc. I 120, etc. (see Caudil n.) 1497 Treas. Acc. I 343.
Tume pipis to put this ail … in
1501 Ib. II 106. 1538 Ib. VII 43. 1551–2 Ayr Common Good Acc.
For ane bwist to put lettres in
1680 Caldwell P. I 138.
Libertie … to put [pr. prit] a boat in the loch att Caldwall
p.t. c1500 Rowll Cursing 128 (M).
Thow art he and thow art scho That Roulis blak jabert put in bro And thow art scho that staw his hen And put hir in the pot thair ben
(b) 1549 Compl. 110/14.
He pat his fingar in the heyt fyir
1596 Elgin Rec. II 45.
[She] pat the samyn in a pane mixit thair with aquavytie
1602 Reg. Privy C. VI 431.
[They set the same on fire, and] pat thame in dyvers pairtis of the easingis of the said hous
1603 Moysie 52.
Ane Eduard Henrisoun a baxter in Edinburgh pat ane candle and certane povlder in ane hadder stack of his fatheris
1610 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 324.
To sex men of the trone that pat the goues in the eird
c1610 Melville Mem. 60.
Quhilk the K. pat in his pouche
1624 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 137.
Ȝe tuik ane … stane and pat it in the fyre
1638 Elphinstone Mun. 26.
Quhilk coffer … the sheref deput lokit seallit … and patt … in ane lokfast chalmer
p.p. c1420 Wynt. v 1473 (R).
And syne his blude In tyll a weschall tycht and gude Sulde be put
1454–5 Edinb. Chart. 79.
His armis to be putt in hewyn werk in vthir thre partes of the ile
1488 Treas. Acc. I 80.
Fund in the maist of the said cofferis lous, and put in na thing … [570] rois nobilis [etc.]
c1510 Prester John 310b.
And inwartly it is maid of diuers precious stanis put in gold
(2) c 1420 Liber Calchou 449.
The hart fleis kindly tha tyngis that is aganys it & putis the venome to his clenging plas
1489 Treas. Acc. I 126.
Ane angell quhilk he bowyt and put abowte his beydis
1529 Aberd. B. Rec. I 124.
Ane byrne jrne to be put vpone thair chekis that brekis ony of the saidis statutis
a1538 Abell 118a.
& puttand a cod ondir thi heid to sleip
1549 Compl. 99/13. 1564 Crim. Trials I i 441.
And his heid and memberis to be put and hungin on the maist patent portis of Edinburghe
1573 Tyrie in Cath. Tr. 23/36.
This is the bricht lanterne, quhilk can nocht be put onder ane firlot
Ib. 8/9. a1578 Pitsc. II 79/1, 2.
And quhene they hat putt the cott wpoun the said Mr. George, the wther pat the pulder round about him
Ib. 195/25.
Thaireftir thay maid ane assignay and pat vpone it ane pictour of ane deid bodie
1581 Conv. Burghs I 117.
Gif it happinis any schip … to be putt vpoun the schoir [etc.]
1583 Chapel Royal lxxxvii.
Swa it is necessar to pwt ane new rwif vpone the said cheppell
1599–1600 Misc. Spald. C. V 73.
For ane pair of joggis that wes put on the meill mercat, 5 s.
1615–16 Glasg. Univ. Mun. III 567.
To ane woman for the lane of tua window claithis to put about thame [a coat of arms being painted]
1616 Orkney & Shetl. Ct. Bk. in Misc. Maitl. C. II 189.
And pat ane bow string about hir head to gar her speik
1625 Acts V 178/1.
The bulyeoun … to be putt to the myntehouse
1633 Maxwell Mem. II 228.
Pwtis [powder] betwixt the ovir laftis [pr. lastis]
1662 Crim. Trials III 608.
He pat the blood to the blood, till all vp stood
1662 Glasgow B. Rec. II 489.
That ane handsome litle brige with ane penn be put over St. Tenowes burne
(3) 1533 Bell. Livy I 147/16.
Every gudis … war brocht within Rome. Thus thai durst put na thing vtouth the wallis
1566 Prot. Bk. D. Gray MS 38b.
Dauid … officer com to the … landis of Estfeild and thair … putt aff the grund … ane gangand plewcht pertenyng to Ihone Ȝong
1596 Black Bk. Taymouth 418.
Insicht geir … put furth of the said Malcolmis hous
1638 Edinb. B. Rec. VII 200.
Any ballast that is putt out of schips for the use of the howff allanerlie
(4) 1534 Treas. Acc. VI 233.
Payt to viij men quhilkis were left to keip the schip or scho wes put owre the lyne

b. To put some piece of wearing apparel or harness on or upon a person or animal or his or its body or part of the body.pres. a1540 Freiris Berw. 144 (B).
Ane fair quhyt curch scho puttis vpoun hir heid
p.t. (a) c1420 Wynt. iv 1243.
[He] Tyt away that goldyn las, And pwt it abowt hys awyn hals
a1500 Sir Eger 384. 1597 Crim. Trials II 26.
And put the sark wat vpoune hir at midnycht
(b) c1520-c1535 Nisbet Mark xv 17.
Thai plettit a croun of thornis, and puttit on him
(c) 1535 Stewart 10127.
And on his heid thai pat ane goldin croun
a1568 Weddirburne Bann. MS 260b/33.
His lady patt ane brydill in his heid
1593 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. 44.
And pat ane scabit summok on hir [sc. a mare]
p.p. 1558 Mill Mediæv. Plays 185.
For xxxj dosoun of bells till the said dansors till be put upone thair bodyis and leggs

c. To put (bullion etc.) to the fire or furnace, to melt it. 1475 Acts II 112/1.
That … nouther siluer nor gold … be in ony wis moltyn or put to the fire be the kingis cunȝouris

d. To put (fire, flame) in or to, to set fire to, set alight.p.t., p.p. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 421 (C).
As thyr forsaid bestes wer Leyd to be brent one the alter And to thame fyr put
1456 Hay I 262/29.
That he had prively put fyre be a fyre ball … in his hous [etc.]
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. i 174.
Scintillam excudit, mad a fyre, patt a low in the kindling
a1595 Descr. Isles 433.
McCloyd Herreik … came to the cove and pat fire thairto

e. To put forward, lay down, hand over (a fine or a surety). 14.. Burgh Laws c. 99 (B).
And he put til his scath c s. or xl s.
1622-6 Bisset II 256/18.
Gif they put nocht guid surtie to [etc.]

f. To transfer or convey (a disease) by witchcraft. 1623 Crim. Trials III 556.
For cureing of ane woman … be taking the seiknes af hir and puting it vpone ane kow

8. To set or conduct (a person or thing) on his or its way, to see started. Also reflex. to set off.(1) a1500 Sir Eger 2298.
I pray you … That ye will rise before the day, And put me forward in the way
1513 Treas. Acc. IV 515.
Thar was furneist and put on gait fyve canonis
1572 15th Rep. Hist. MSS App. ix 23.
To gar sum of the lardis serwandis to put him up Ettrik or sum siker gayt
(2) 15.. Clar. v 2606.
On the morne as cleirit up the day, They all prepairit and put them on the way

b. fig. To put (a committee) on the way, to put it to work, see it in operation. 1657 Balfour Ann. III 136.
Satling the said committee, and puttinge them one the way againe

9. To affix (one's seal, to or till a document).Also, to put one's mark (on bread).Cf. 51 b below, and To-put v.(1) 1379 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 2.
In wytnes here of to this lettre I haue put my sele
1398 Ib. No. 37.
Thai haff put thaire selys interchangeably
1424 Grey Friars II 167.
And put that sayd seelle til yt
1471 Ayr Friars Pr. Chart. 54.
The common seil … to be put to the part remanande wyth the said prior
(2) 1535–6 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 73.
That ilk baxter haif bot ane buith … and his mark putt on his breid

10. In fig. and allusive applications of prec. senses. a. intr. To consider, take thought. c1520-c1535 Nisbet Luke i 66.
And almen that herde puttit [P. puttiden; L. posuerunt] in thare hart, and said Quhat maner child sall this be?

b. tr. To complement, support, confirm. a1658 Durham Commandments (1675) 127.
They must needs stand and fall together for they mutually put each other: Thou shalt labour six dayes, and rest on the seventh; Thou shalt rest on the Sabbath-day, and labour six

c. To put by, to cause (a person) to pass (a test or the like), to subject to. d. To put to, to send to or to cause to be submitted to (a curative agency or regimen). 1653 Binning Wks. 609.
When he is now settled on Jesus for salvation, he must yet be put by the command. It discovers his daily sins, and so he is put to Jesus, the open fountain for all sin and uncleanness

e. To send (commodities) to the market, to put on sale in the market. 1494 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 67.
That the sellaris thairof [sc. wild fowl] putt thame oppinly to the merkett
1550 (c 1650) Dundee B. Laws 13.
And that all land flesh be put at once to the mercat
1622 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 238.

f. To put (a period of time) aff one, to pass, ‘see through’, ‘put in’ (the time).Cf. 47 e. 1633 Orkney Witch Trial in Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 547.
And scho said to the said Margret, ‘Evill might thow put the yeir aff thé'

g. To put a close to, to conclude. 1661 Aberd. Council Lett. IV 131.
Untill the parliament should have putten a close to som of ther greater affaires

h. To put (property) to the wind, to waste it, to ‘throw it away’. c1490 Porteous Noblenes 47 (Ch. & M.).
Ane othir spendis and puttis to the wynd the gudis that he gaderit with gret trouble

i. To put (a person) on the stage, ? to accuse publicly (see Stage n. and v.). 1657 Nicoll Diary 203.
William Purves dictator … to the Excequer and [etc.] … wer put on the staige

j. With in, on or of delay: see Delay n. (4).

k. To put (a person) to the sword. ?1438 Alex. ii 9098.
All put thay to the suord I hecht

11. a. To put forward as a pledge, representative or substitute for one; also, to put (a thing) to stand for or represent another thing. 1456 Hay I 261/18.
Gif … sum other … wald to sauf hir honour gaynsay the crime and put his body tharfor
Ib. 264/12.
All persones of dignitee suld put a campioun for thame
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 608.
In till his hand a reid put for a ceptour
1662 Highland P. III 23.
The devill desyred her … to put him [sc. a horse] for William Stephen … the devill bade her tak Walter Stewart bayly and put him for a nighbour

b. To put (a person) in the place or stede of another. 1562-3 Winȝet I 7/31.
Putand in the place of godly ministeris … dum doggis
c 1566 Fife Sheriff Ct. 407.
To say aganis … sum of the … inqueist that utheris may be pute in thair place
a1578 Pitsc. I 305/28.
The lordis … chaingit all his auld offiecearis and pat new in thair steid

c. To put before, to prefer to. c1568 Lauder Minor P. iii 87.
The hypocreitis, before God puts thair kings

12. To put (one thing) to, in (into) another thing, by way of addition or as a component; to introduce or to add. b. With a person as obj. 14.. Acts I 386/2.
Giff thi malar puttis guld in thi land
a1500 Sir Eger 1274.
No leech … Can put a finger to an hand
1489 Acts II 221/1.
Na goldsmythtis sall … put fals layis in the said mettallis
1490 Irland Mir MS 293b.
The listare that will put the maist noble coloure of scarlet in a claith
1496 Treas. Acc. I 300.
For a mast he put in the samyn schip
1512 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 109.
Na tre to be put in the said stule bot new aik
1578–9 Reg. Privy C. III 81.
To fortify and strenthin the keipar dyke … and to put twa strang barressis into it
a 1595 Misc. Spald. C. II xxx.
Tak rue levis and bray thame [in] wynager and put roissis to thame
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 491.
If ye may spend meikle, put the more to the fire
b. 1428 Liber Melros II 520.
The saide assis askyt mar help of men of vndirstandyng and than … ther wes put to thaim sworn four wys … men

13. To instal (a person) in, also to, a dignity, office, property, tenancy etc.; to put in possession of the dignity, property etc. 1456 Hay I 23/22.
Quhill ane othir callit Damas was put in the sege wrangwisly and sone was he put doun and ane callit Benait was put up forsably
a1500 Seven S. 1607.
Ȝour sagis That will sone put ȝow of ȝour stagis And put ȝour dwm son to the crovne
1496–7 Acta Conc. II 62.
Letters … to put hir in the landis quhilkis [etc.]
1498 Ib. 260.
To put the sade Schir Jhone Thayne in the sade chapelranry
1556 Lauder Off. Kings 354.
Ȝe, kyngs, hes wyte … That pat sic pastoris to sic cure
Id. Minor P. i 531.
The pure plewmen … Ȝe schute thame furth, syne puts ane vthir thair
1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 119.
Quha disponis ony landis and puttis ony persoun thairintill [etc.]
c1646 Craufurd Edinb. Univ. fol. 9.
Mr. Henry Charteris was put in the charge of the magistrand classe

b. To put (a person) in or into (possession of a property). 1534 Lamont P. 41.
To pwt … his o and … his wyf … in to staet and seasing of [etc.]
1576 Oliphants 133.
And pat the said nobil lord … in reale actuale and corporall possessioun of the samyn
1632 Strathendrick 25.

14. a. To appoint (a person) on (apon) (an official body); also reflex. and absol. 14.. Reg. Maj. c. 186.
Of thaim that puttis thaim a pon in inquisicone. Giff tua men puttis thaim on ane inquest a pon ony thing done a mang thaim [L. Si duo homines ponant se in inquisicione]
14.. Quon. Attach. c. 53.
The x [exception] gif he puttis ony vnsufficiand man
1482–3 Acta Conc. II ciii.
The said schiref put apone the said inquest … persons quhilk war suspect of the law to the party folowar

b. To put (a person) in or on (also upon, to) (the) leit, to put in (also upon, at) (the) leitis, to put on a leet or list.For further examples, see Leit n.2 and Lite n.1Also, to put in the list, id., and put in or under inventar, s.v. Inventar n.2To put … in wagis, put on a pay-roll (lit. or fig.).(1) c1630 Scot Narr. 15.
The Assemblie put in leits … Mr. Alexander [etc.]
1650 Glasgow Wrights Acts 6.
That none … be putt wpon lyt [etc.]
1654 Cramond Kirk S. 13 Aug.
The Sessioun … are desired carefully to consider … who are most meit to be put in the list
(2) 1561 Edinb. B. Rec. III 114.
Thre score … hagbuttaris [to] be listit and put in wages

15. To implant, instill or impart (a quality of character or an emotion) in, into or to a person. c1490 Porteous Noblenes 175/21 (Asl.).
Honour is the ledere of gud men to hie estait puttyng in him dantit blythnes [etc.]
1533 Gau 48/13.
The halie spreit … the quhilk … pat in thaime [the apostles] the lwiff of God
15.. 2nd Rep. Hist. MSS App. 180/1.
Quhill God pat ane better mynd into thame
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 50.
Putting feir to the regent that [etc.]
1596 Dalr. II 428/11.
The Captane of Castel heralde the Erles of [etc.] … cumis to Glasgwe … to the Archibischopis familiaris, to the ministeris, channounis, and religious men puttis a gret feir

16. To put (a person, animal or thing) into (in, to, under) (the) keeping, possession, charge, care, authority or power of someone. Also reflex. and fig.See also Cure n.1 1 b, Fens n. 2, Firmance n., Keping vbl. n., ward, will, etc.Also to put (the person or thing) in another's hand or handis.(1) reflex. c1420 Wynt. vii 97 (W).
Thare he put [R. yhald] him in his will To hang or heid
c1475 Wall. vi 382.
That I suld cum and put me in thi grace
1535 Stewart 5194.
Mony prince that … Come of fre will and pat thame in ȝour cuir
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 19.
a1578 Pitsc. I 50/4.
The earle of Douglas … fell on his kneis and patt him self … in the kingis will
(2) 1456 Hay I 169/25.
Almaist all hale the warld put under thair subjectioun
Ib. II 31/26.
Thingis that men suld nocht put in misgovernaunce of fule men
1486 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 546.
The saidis sovmes and letter of assedacioun … pwt vnder sickyr keiping to my proffutt
1490 Irland Mir. II 53/32.
God … puttand in his [man's] awne will and power his reward or punycioun
c1500-50 Brevis Cronica 335.
And putt the realme undir subjectioun of Inglismen
1510 Douglas Chart. 193.
The said sowm … beand pout in guid and sekir keping
a1586 Lindsay MS 69.
He … that puttit his fair wyff in the keping of ane ȝoung knycht tratour
c1590 Fowler II 82/21.
Gif he … had putten under his protectioun all these friends … above rehersed
(3) c1460 Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 175.
Gif I him put to foster and nurice [etc.]
1533 Boece 143.
Domyciane … causit Iulius Frontyne be brocht to Italie, and put to exquisite diligence of medicinaris
1560 Rolland Seven S. 140.
Bot ȝe him put to vther nurisching
1586 St. A. Kirk S. 578.
Beatrix … patt ane barn of hiris … in foster
(4) c1420 Wynt. v 4660.
Ane haly heremyt … Saw the sawle off this tyrand Pwt in this pape Jhonys hand
Ib. vii 2377.
That all … hys land In till ane othir mannys hand Had pwt
1456 Hay I 207/8.
The quhilkis thai arreste and puttis in the hand of justice
c1460 Consail Wys Man 314.(5) 1456 Hay I 219/17.
Thare was … King Johan … fayn to put him in the handis of the pape
1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II 200.
The saidis prouest [etc.] … sall put and delyuer thame in the handis of the justice
a1578 Pitsc. I 264/16.(6) fig. c1700 M. Bruce Good News (1708) 54.
Since the cause is put in his hand [etc.]

b. To place (a person) in the care of (to) (another). a1538 Abell 36b.
Ethoid … saire woundit he put to the lechis to heill

c. To bring (a person) before (a court).See Putting vbl. n. 1 (9).

17. To put by: To put away from or out of, to divert or remove from; to put above or beyond.To put (one) by dyatt, to delay beyond the appointed time, to ‘hold up’: see Dyet n.2 3 d. Put (p.p.) by hand, by one's hand, put past, disposed of, finished.(1) 1456 Hay II 48/13.
That he be nocht lychtly put by his purpose
1535 Stewart 40812.
This Edwardis sone … wes … far put by The heretage
1554 Mill Mediæv. Plays 130.
That thai ar put by thair rowme and ordour vsit obefor
15.. Dum Wyf 72.
That is the neirest way To putt hir by hir witt
1567 Reg. Privy C. in Robertson Concilia Sc. I clxxi.
We se na apperance of his cuming bot is partlie frustrat and put by our purpois, for lak of … support
a1578 Pitsc. I 250/1.
And his cardinallis had put him by his intandement
(2) 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 227.
I desire Patrick to give Christ his young love … and to put it by all others
(3) 1600 Bruces & Cumyns 615.
This piece of cros … will nocht trubil you, nor put you mukle by dyatt
(4) 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 375.
Ye eat and drink, but time standeth not still; … ye sleep, but your hours are reckoned and put by hand
a1658 Durham Blessedness Death (1713) 58.
They must have such or such a business put by their hand first

18. To expel, exclude, dismiss, send away or banish (a person, also an animal) from (fra (from) also of, furth of or out of) a place, society or office, also one's life.(1) pres. ?14.. Ship Laws c. 15 (B).
Gyf [etc.] … he aw to put hym owte of the schyp
1456 Hay I 247/29.
All gude Cristyn man suld put of the company of gude Cristin folk … all herytikis [etc.]
c1515 Asl. MS I 192/1.
He … that mycht nocht put owt of his awne land the Saxonis
a1500 Seven S. 1606 (see 13 above). ?c 1500 Rathen Manual 27/1.
We cursis wariis and fra sacrament of Haly Kirk vtlye puttys [etc.]
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxi 33.
Great court hors puttis me fra the staw
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 53.
In all directionis to put the king out of his estait, his realme and at lenth out of this erdlie lyff
a1578 Pitsc. I 171/15.
He wald put na ma out of his companie
c1590 Fowler II 112/21.p.t. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2601.
The kyng … Put Kyng Peleus … Dispituouslie out of his land
1456 Hay I 219/16.
And the noble Lowis … put him in sik poynt that he wist nocht quhare to hyde him, and put him forsably out of the land
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxvii 30.
Syne quhow the angill … Furth of the joy of paradice putt clein Adame and Eve
a1578 Pitsc. I 54/18.
Alexander Ogillvie … wsurpit the baillȝerie to him self and pat this Alexander [Lyndsay] fre the samin
p.p. 1398–9 Acts I 211/1.
And specialy cursit men heretikis & put fra the kyrke … to restreygne
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2408.
Acastrus prevaly Has put Peleus so queyntly Frome his cuntre that [etc.]
c1420 Wynt. v 4051.
Scho gert that cunnand clerk, for-thi, Off Constantynopyllys cyte … Be put owte and banysyde qwyte
Ib. i 120, viii 1876. 1462 Peebles B. Rec. I 145.
He sal be … put out of the sayd seruis
1587 Waus Corr. 395.
For hie man bie … put out of this cuntrie, or ellis [etc.]
c 1593 Misc. Spald. C. I 5.
Nor that your maiestie suld put him ut of his forbears rank
1596 Dalr. II 398/18.
Lat him be debarit and put fra that office
1623 Rec. Old Aberd. II 2.
She wes … put of the toun as ane vnfamous person
1633 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 155.
The said Catrine Miller had ane sone keiping Johne Broune his … guidis, and the boy was put from the guidis
1642 Fam. Rose 332.
That the said Williame Rose shall … be … put off this kingdome of Scotland
1661 Elgin Rec. II 299.(2) c1475 Wall. iii 101.
The worthi Scottis … putt thair hors thaim fra

b. spec. To expel (a person) from (fra, also furth of or out of) his lands or tenancy; to dispossess. Also c. To put (land) fra (an heir), to alienate it from him.b. 14.. Burgh Laws c. 96 (A).
In na maner may he … the byar put out of that land
1456 Hay I 263/29.
Gif … the tothir had evill and falsly put him furth of his possessioun
1460 Swintons App. xliii.
But … process, I am put fra my saidis landis
1466 Acta Aud. 5/1.
[To] pay hir the malis … of the saide landis of all tyme sen he put hir furthe of thaim
1471 Ib. 18/1.
A symple inquest past vppone the said landis to put the said Donald fra his possessioun
a1500 Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 2741.
To put him fra his tak and gar him thig
1494 Acta Conc. I 322/1.
He wes maisterfully put out of the tak of … the landis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xiii 33. 1514 Prestwick B. Rec. 45.
Johne Blak sall remayn in the land aye & quhill he be lachtfully put fra it
1533 Bell. Livy II 123/3.
For the said law put the faderis fra the public landis quhilkis thai wrangwislie possedit
c. c1420 Bute MS fol. 153b.
That na man may put his hede land fra his ayre

d. reflex. To put (oneself) of (one's) (clething), to take off one's clothes. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2512.
He put him sone of his awne clething And cled hime in-to sempile weid

19. To put (out) of or from, in various fig. or non-material senses. a. To exclude from. 14.. Edinb. Univ. MS La. ii 318.
On sic men the feynd has power That puttis Gode out of thare thocht
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) xii 40.
Mercie is never put out of meik intent

b. To delete, expunge or erase from. c1460 Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 117.
Al is forȝet … and put out of manis mynd
1492 Myll Spect. 297/12.
Quharfor I was put out of hir byll of hushald
1531 Bell. Boece II 378.
[They] put the Romane ansenye … out of the wallis thairof, and ingravit the armis of King Arthoure
1542 Acts II 414/1.
To delite and put out of the bukis of consale … the act of the said Walteris cuming
a1578 Pitsc. I 4/16.
Of thingis consawit quhan I was hynde Bein … put from my mynde

c. To remove or withdraw (a legal action) from (of) a particular court. 1475 Prestwick B. Rec. 26.
For his rebelling agane the hale communite puttand the accioun of thar curt of the communite … and degradand the hale communite of thar fredome in that thing

d. passive. Of troops: To be furnished or ‘found’ by (a person or district). Cf. 49 o. 1671 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. III 390.
As to the number of horse to be putt out of the said shyre the heretors who were the greatest fractiones should be leaders and outputters of the said horse
1672 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 142.
For ane troupar quhilk should have bein put out of the parish of Southweik and Colven

20. a. To put of, fra or furth of (a state or condition), to cut off or exclude from, to set free or liberate from.To put of dawis, of this world, to deprive of life, put to death.To put out of use.(1) c1450-2 Howlat 951 (A).
This howlat … Put first fro poverte to pryce
1456 Hay I 41/7.
Sa that thai put him of dawis
1571 Bann. Memor. 67.
Will ȝe ding whingaris in me, and put me of this world?
(2) 1487 Acts II 176/1.
That his maiestie sall grant na remissiounis to sic persounis nor suffer thame to be deliuerit nor put fra justice
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus ii 791.
Now help to put my hart fra heuines
Id. Seven S. 525.
To put the realme furth of sic ieopardie
Ib. 4880.
I am quite put furth of ȝour credence
(3) 1579, 1617 Despauter (1579) 125.
Aboleo … ,extra consuetudinem duco, to abolische and put out of vse

b. To put (a person or thing) fra (frae) (doing something), to prevent from. 1533 Acts Sederunt i 14.
Sene thai ware put fra the vsinge of our auctorite, that misgidit the samin
1653 Binning Wks. 609.
Now here he is put from making satisfaction
1669 Glasgow B. Rec. III 119.
The … doors sufficiently neidnailled and put fra opening
1678 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 264.
Swearing be horrible oathes to put me frae working of a darke of work

c. To convert (a person) from (af) an opinion. 1586–7 Rait & Cameron King James's Secret 169.
With great paine we pat them afe that opinion

21. To bring (a person, or a material or non-material thing) into (in, also into, at, of, on) some state or condition.For further instances, see Aventure n. 2 b, Beleve n. 2, Brangil n. 2, Danger(e n. 3 (b), Flocht n. 1, Hasard n., Jeopardy n., Memory n. 2, Order n. 18 a, Peril(l n., Pes(e n.1 3 a (4), Point n.1 5 d, 7 and 9, etc.(1) pres. c1420 Wynt. iv 784.
For swa slepand best we may Put tham in sa hard assay That [etc.]
a1500 Bk. Chess 1948.
And for to put the pepill so in dreid Gart set this writ to euery man
1558-66 Knox II 320.
Lord Ochiltree … commanded … his servandis to putt thame selfis in ordour
a1568 Scott vi 13 (see Compare n.2). 1601 Elphinstone Mun. 31.
To putte herself … in hazart
c1610 Melville Mem. 202.
This puttis me in remembrance of a taill that [etc.]
1630 Misc. Hist. Soc. II 258 (see Commoun n. 8 b). 1675 Edinb. Surgeons II 125.
Till it please God to put him into that capacitie quhairby he may enter frieman thair
p.t. (a) 1444 Aberd. B. Rec. I 399.
The ballȝeis putt the caws in delay … till the law dayis eftir Michelmes
(b) 1547 Corr. M. Lorraine 191.
My said lord … pat me in hoip that I suld be put to fredome
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1326. 1558-66 Knox II 446.
For Jehu wes ane king befoir he pat onie thing in executioun
a1578 Pitsc. I 406/34 (see Dispare n.). 1630 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II 3 Nov.
The sessioun pat the bailȝeis in rememberance [etc.]
1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 412.
And pat him & his tennents in a great fright
p.p. (a) 1390 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 19.
That yhour richt be na mare putte in questioun
1398 Acts I 211/1.
Articlys … sal be putte in act with [etc.]
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2179.
Demephone and King Aganas … That frome thar handes in exile War put
c1420 Wynt. v 3936.
Yhoure creature That has yhow put in that honure
14.. Burgh Laws c. 99 (B).
He sal be convikkyt … & put in al the skath that hys aduersare may set agayne hym
1535 Stewart 121.
Thair is nothing moir gudlie to avance Na auld storeis put in rememberance
1571 in Calderwood III 95.
Like as the said pretended dimissioun … had never beene devised, putt in ure
1596 James VI Facs. Nat. MSS III lxxiii.
All that uill do for thame are to be putt in uarning be thaime
1614 Fraser P. 116.
Oure leigeis ar put in ane grete vncertantie quhair the said marcatt is keept
1616 Reg. Privy C. X 556.
Sua that the saidis lymmaris ar putt in hoip of impunitie
1623 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 144b (12 Jan.).
The minister being put in hope of the obedience of Wm. Will [etc.]
1661 Baillie III 4571.
The great … debt which Mr. Gillespie's gloriositie … has put our poor house into
1673 Moray Synod 157.
The commemoratione of the wonderfull mercie of God … is putt in oblivione by disregarding [etc.]
(b) c1590 Fowler II 103/3.
The … oncumming of the Suisser armye had suddenlye … also putten in flight the Frenshemen
1622-6 Bisset I 308/17.
The said lord asked the dome of the last courte that wes puttin in respleit (id est continuation) to this courte
(2) 1494 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 353.
The said Jhon … sal put the said Henrie in the fee of his landis [etc.] … lykeas the said Henry … sal [etc.]
1569 Reg. Privy C. II 7.
To se the kirk and ministeris presentlie put in possessioun of … the saidis … glebis
1587 Aberd. Council Lett. I 7.
Be that indirect way to have putt himselff in possessioun of the said teind
(3) c1420 Wynt. vi 564.
Gret bataylys than dyde he To pwt in fredwme hys cuntré
1456 Hay I 143/30.
The duk has tane his contree, and put it in subjectioun
1592 Acts III 575/2.
That … the realme may be put in peace
1666-74 Fraser Polichron. 230.
Like to put all Ross in a combustion
(b) 1644 11th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. vi 55.
I haue thocht … to pout my hous in ordour
(4) 1612 Glasgow B. Rec. I 333.
Dangerous in pwtting the houssis … in fyr
(5) 1573 Davidson Sat. P. xlii 1001.
To put it in mair plesand ryme

b. reflex. To put or set oneself into (in) a situation or posture. 1456 Hay I 47/21.
Quhen the peple of Tharent … put thame in the contrair of Rome

22. To bring or subject (a person, also a thing) to some condition or process, to cause to undergo.

a. Where the condition or process is unfavourable or undesirable.For further instances, see *Begardy, Beggartie n., Beggrie n., Confusioun n. 1 b, Cummer n.1 1 (b), Dede n.2 3, Expens n. 2 (2), Mischef(e n. 1 (3), Pine n.1 1, etc.To put to the horn, see Horn n.1 2 c.To put to silence, to cause to be silent, to silence.(1) pres. ?1438 Alex. i 3167.
Me had leuer … To all perellis put my body Than [etc.]
1456 Hay I 257/7.
For oft tymes the starkare … puttis the waykar to the wer
1535 Stewart 51871.
That he with poysoun had put him to deid
1605 Stewart Mem. 115.
That ȝe … denownce the dissobeyaris and powt them to our horne
1615 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 223.
Commanding immediatly efter the presenting thairof to putt me to exsecutione butt farther proses
1627 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II 23 May.
Michaell Cadger being callit compeirit not quhilk puttis the actioun … to delay
1658 R. Moray Lett. fol. 327.
To put you to the tenterhooks if need were
1680 Soc. Ant. XLV 248.
Quhatever men shall put us to … we may … beare it
p.t. (a) 1566 Waus Corr. 37.
The manyfald and greitt laubouris I putt you vnto
(b) 1533 Gau 46/18.
Efter the Iowis pat hime to deid
1549 Compl. 114/23.
The Romans armye … pat it [the town] to sac
1603 Moysie 126.
The Spaynyeard … pat many to the aidge of the suorde
p.p. 1375 Barb. ii 486.
The Erle off the Leuenax wes away, And wes put to full hard assay
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1278 (C).
Troyes oost to haue venquest bene And put to such tynsale and tene
c1530-40 Stewart Maitl. F. cxxviii 84.
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4652.
Bot quho that eitis flesche in to lent Ar terriblye put to torment
Ib. 1924. 1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 82.
Outher thai wer with feir put to silence, or [etc.]
1576 Orkney Oppress. 47.
In case he suld have put thame to ane grittar intendment
1614 Crim. Trials III 267.
And thairefter … thay are to be pute to the torture
(2) 1375 Barb. i 101.
Landis … That he put to swylk thrillage
1494 Loutfut MS 6b.
And the said office wes put to richt gret ruyne and amast to rycht nocht
1531 Bell. Boece II 101.
Throw quhilk the realme was put to gret mischeif

b. To bring to an improved or desirable condition.For further instances, see Fredom(e n. 3, Liberte(e n. 1 b, Point n.1 9 a, Prof(f)it n. 5 e (3), etc.To put to (ane) ese, see Es(e n. 1 e.(1) ?1438 Alex. ii 7224.
That puttis thame to sic louing, And syne to ioy and solasing
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1224.
May nowthir power nor pith put him to prise
1490 Irland Mir. I 10/24.
That put it [Carthage] anis to gret price and honour
a1500 Seven S. 2583.
That I sall be Put to sic worschip in ȝour dayis … That [etc.]
1549 Corr. M. Lorraine 302.
And puit part of wder bysines I haif adw to rest
a1586 Maitland Ho. Seytoun 19.
Sr Chrystell … reskewit the said King Robert, and pat him to libertie
1560 Rolland Seven S. 5609.
[I shall] Ȝour sone mak haill and put him weill to eis
Ib. 7647.
Let put ȝour minde to rest
1581 5th Rep. Hist. MSS App. viii 29.
To the support of sa mony of … my oyis sisterris and dochterris as beis vnmaryit and put to proffeitt
(2) 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 23.
And the cuntre put at rest

c. Where the condition or process is a legal one: see also Assise n. 1, Intend(e)ment n. 2 and Knawlag(e n. 4 b (4).To put (a matter) to (till) a point, see Point n.1 9 b. 14.. Burgh Laws c. 21 (A).
A burges may … put him to the atht that nytis him his dett
1596–7 Crim. Trials II 16.
And thairfore the justice-depute patt him to the tryell of ane assyis of the persounes vnder written

d. With reference to other processes.Also to be put to the (printing) press. 1513 Doug. ix Prol. 60.
Octauyane … By quham … The hail warld put was to discriptioun
1611 Edinb. Biblio. Soc. Publ. I (1893–4) 3.
[In August 1611 Thomas Finlason was employed to print] the haill Actis of Parliament whilkis as yitt hes not bene putt to the presse

e. To put to (also at) nocht, to bring to nothing, to obliterate, destroy. See also Nocht n. 2 b for examples. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2844.
Thai war destroyit tane and put to nocht And slane
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1902.
All thyng, on erth … Weir doith distroye, and puttis at nocht

23. To put forth, apply (a thing, non-material or material) to (also in, upon) some use or purpose. Also without adverbial complement, and fig.For further instances, see Prof(f)it n. 5 e (1) and (2).(1) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 417 (C).
To mak solempne sacrifice Whar-to they put alway thar peyn
1456 Hay I 80/20.
That thai … has … labourit thai landis, and put to prouffit in … leautee
1490 Irland Mir. I 8/5.
Puttand all laubour and deligence to his … seruice
1545 (1546) Inverness Stat. in Reg. Great S. 758/1.
That the said profit be putt to the utilite of the said … barne
1549 Corr. M. Lorraine 301.
To help to ordour all thingis and puit your mynd to effet
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 243 (see Putting vbl. n. 1 (10)).(2) 1490 Irland Mir. II 52/27.
Waurldly men … that puttis all thar deligence and laubour in waurldlines
1515 Treas. Acc. V 15.
To Robert Sclater for jm slatis put be him in the reparatioun of the kingis palice
a1568 Balnaves Bann. MS 138b/22.
Fra tyme ȝe stank in to the bank And drypoynt puttis in play
(3) 1608 Crim. Trials II 556.
That any face or cullour sould be pute vpone the coosening or abstracting frome … ws any pairt of our jowellis [etc.]
(4) 1490 Irland Mir. I 52/3.
Sum persounis … put nocht thar laubour and diligence to kep … thame fra syn
(5) c1460 Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2104.
Bot he put help the bridall wald be done

b. To put to (also in) executioun: see, also for further examples, Executioun n. 2 b, 3. 1489–90 Acta Aud. 134/2.
To put the said decrett … to executioune
c1550 Lynd. Test. Meldrum 18. 1574 Conv. Burghs I 32. 1630 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. III 650.
And ther sentences to be putt civillie in executioun be [etc.]
?1641 Irvine Mun. II 51.
Gif … the maisterat put not this act to executioun to be fynit

c. To put in (also, to) werk.(1) 1566 Reg. Privy C. I 446.
[Timber] now reddie to be put in werk
1587 Acts III 508/2.
That thay sall sell na wool nor worsett befoir the same be put in wark
1587 St. A. Test. II 77b.
Ane new lay … nocht put in werk
(2) 1645 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 47.
A pair of litle barrowes with sex staffis [etc.] … wes never put to work

d. To convert (a possession) into (in) (cash), by selling it; to realise as (cash). 1610 Logie Par. Hist. I 66.
As to my buikis … that they be put in numerat money and employit to the weill and use of my said wyf and bairnis
1667 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 23 Dec.
That all my noalt sheepp [etc.] … sould be sold and putten in ane pecuniall sown

24. a. To set (a person) to (also out to) work or activity of some kind, or to do something.To put to (the) flycht, see Flicht n.2 (3).(1) 1515–16 Reg. Privy S. I 417/1.
To put and hald xxiiii werkmen … to lawbour in the mynd
1617 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 170.
All publict imployment quhairupone they being put to wark [etc.]
p.t. ?1521–2 Old Dundee II 341.
That David Hay, sklaiter, pointit nocht his houses sufficiently, but pat twa or three lads to the lawbour whilk left them waur nor [etc.]
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2892.
Scho … pat to wark mony one man
1675 J. Fraser in Sel. Biog. II 246.
Which put me out to restless endeavours to come out of this
(2) 1659 A. Hay Diary 41.
Therafter I went into the mosse, and putt our folks to cast peets
1664 Carstairs Lett. 148.
O! that I wer in a holie pusle putt to say, What shall I render unto the Lord

b. reflex. To set or apply oneself to do something or to (til) some activity. ?1438 Alex. ii 6249.
How that worship in the worthy … puttis thame to purches pris!
1494 Loutfut MS 15b.
For quhen he is persewit with the huntar and the hundis, he fleis nocht … bot sittis in the feild … & puttis him til al defens

c. passive To be set or charged or habituated to do something. c1475 Wall. ix 1201.
Send furth a man, thar horsis put to kep
a1658 Durham Comm. Rev. 26.
The subjects of Christs Kingdom here, are more put to exercise patience than to reign

d. To oblige to have recourse to. 1615 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 259.
I am put to ane new ordour of redemptioun
1620 Aberd. Council Lett. I 182.
They [might be] put to the secund instance to seik redres

e. To put (a person) to his word or promise, ? to take him at his word, to rely upon it. 1677–8 Welsh Forty-eight Serm. 543.
Put him to his word … ye that have covenanted with him
1678 Ib. 542.
Our Lord … hath promised this, and ye may put him to his promise

25. To put (a person) to (the) school, college or lare (= learning) or other educational activities, or to a teacher.For further examples see Lare n. 1 b (3) and S(c)hule n.(1) 1560 Rolland Seven S. 259.
I wald he war put to the lair
1691 Haigs of Bemersyde 326.
I desired to be put to a lettering
(2) 1564 Stirling B. Rec. I 81.
To put him to ane craft
1683 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 10 May.
Being nou in ane conditione for ane trade shoe was not able to put him therto
(3) 1595 J. M. Beale Fife Schools 120.
Whidder they put ther bairnes to the school or not
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 1678.
We will not put God to the schole
1691 J.M. Beale Fife Schools 192.
The elders to tak notice of any poor children … and cause put them to school
(4) a 1699 Sel. Biog. I 2.
His father … put him to the college

26. To place or repose (one's trust or the like, or one's pleasure) in (into) (a person or thing).pres. 1490 Irland Mir. I 7/33.
Puttand thar will, thar plesaunce, thar hope and confidence in him
1533 Gau 12/26.
Thay quhilk … pwtis noth al thair traist and hop in hime
1535 Stewart 30209.
Puttand his plesour into euerie huir
1567 G. Ball. 173.
Puttand thair hope and thair delyte In warkis
1567 Sat. P. iv 7.(b) 1547–8 Cal. Sc. P. I 97.
How the Scottes pouttes thair trust in Franche men galayis
1555 Corr. M. Lorraine 404.
Powtteng my swir trest in yowr grace hwmain gentyllnis
(c) 1672 Wemyss Corr. 116.
As you puit your trust in God Almighty's mercys
p.t. c1520-c1535 Nisbet II 122 marg.
Becaus tha pat sick traist in thamme
1573 Davidson Sat. P. xl 31.
Quhat surenes fand the bischopis halynes, Into Dumbartane quhair he pat his creid?

b. ? intr. or absol. To repose trust in, to give trust to, to trust. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2811.
Thay war content and put in his gentrice … And leit him in with all his cumpany

c. To entrust (one's life) to (in) another. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2764.
Gud schir may thow se That but dispaire I put my lyf in thé

27. To propound or pose (a question, demand, proposition) (to a person). c1450 Cr. Deyng (S.T.S.) 216.
Eftir the dear be informyt of thir temptaciouns, at will be put to hyme [etc.]
1669 Conv. Burghs III 620 (see Interrogatouris n. pl.). c1680 McWard Serm. 226.
I haue put home the question

b. I put the cas, I put the hypothetical question, let us suppose (that etc.). Put (the) case, (let us) suppose (that etc.). Put case also = even if, even though: cf. the conj. applications of set imper. and suppose imper. 1456 Hay I 193/8.
As thus, put the cas that the Duk of Savoye haldis landis of the King of France, and of the Emperour of Almayne withall
a1500 Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 1449.
I put the cace, I had bene deid or slane, … Thow suld [etc.]
1604-31 Craig v 9.
Or, put case, thy dame deare Hath chosen a new pheare, Thou wouldst despare to see her That so lightlies thee
a1652 Dickson Psalms III 305.
A heart enlarged with the sense of Gods majesty [sc. the preacher's] … will not stand to … proclaim Gods truth … in the audience of the greatest men on the earth, put case they should think themselves cried down … by this meanes

c. To submit (a matter for decision) (to a judicial body or the like or to judgement).To put to the knawlag(e (of ane assise etc.), see Knawlag(e n. 4 b (4).To put to voices, to put to the vote.(1) 1478 Acta Aud. 60/2.
That the executioune of oure souuerain lordis lettres was nocht put to thaim in sic wis as [etc.]
1478–9 Acta Conc. I 21/1.
Dauid … consentit to put it to the said assise
1528 Douglas Corr. 126.
Ane convencioune … quhare that mater salbe put in counsall and avisment nocht litill estemit above all utheris
(2) c1460 Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2435.
Lo heir the croun I put in ȝour chos all … I gif ȝow my counsall To cheis ane king with haill consent
(3) a1639 Spotsw. Hist. (1677) 150.
The confession read in open parliament and put to voices

d. To put (a matter) to (a person's) aith, to put it to him on oath. 1448 Acts I 351/2.
The actioun of ony vthir clamar salbe put to the aith of the Inglisman
1478 Acta Conc. I 17/1.
Becaus he has made faithe that he has restorit thaim again it beand put to his athe be the said Robert
1490–1 Ib. 186/2.
It wes put to the aithe of the said William quhether he tuk vp the said malez or nocht and he walde mak na faith therintill

e. I put no dout or question, I make no doubt.(1) 1570 Sat. P. xxiv 45.
I put na doubt … To se vs shortly in thy place possest
1675 J. Fraser in Sel. Biog. II 148.
This I put no question to do and keep
(2) a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxxvi 28.
I put no doubt bot ȝe wald do Ȝour pouer me to saive

28. To place or impose (a charge, imposition, prohibition or penalty) on (upon, to) a person. Also, to put (what is imposed) to (the person's) charge, and to put (the person) to (the charge or imposition).(1) 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
Yhe sulde erar put blame & punicioun to the doarys of the saide trespas … than me
14.. Burgh Laws c.77 (A).
And in all the scathes that his party may put on him
1494 Acta Aud. 202/1 (see Interdictioun n.). 1536 Acts Sederunt 1 30.
Therfor putand [pr. puttaud] inhibicioune to the lordis to intromitt therwith
1548 Perth Guildry MS 257 (11 May).
The den of gild and merchandis pat inhibitioun to James Cousland … of the vsing of the fredom … of burges
1561 Inverness Rec. I 65.
The prowest … puttis alluterlie inhibitioun to the saidis Johne … that [etc.]
1653 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. III 61.
Under any paine that the judgies sall putt upoun him
(2) 1500 Crim. Trials I ii 196.
And thow baid him keip secreit sic thingis as thow patt to his charge
(3) 1560 Rolland Seven S. 3724.
With siclike charge ȝour grace now putis vs to It passis far our power for to do

b. Const. to or upon the thing affected. a1578 Pitsc. I 48/9.
Wnderstanding that the king … was to put inhibitioun to this marieage
1641 Acts V 658/1.
That ane restraint be put vpone all sortes of wooll
1689 Acts XII 68/1.
That imbargo be put upon all mener of boats in the western ports

29. a. To put (something undesirable) to a person, to impose it on him, subject him to it, make him a victim of it. ?a1500 Remembr. Passion 150.
Grant me that I put falsat to na man; and gif ony be put to me that I tholl pacientlie for thy saik
1546 Stirling B. Rec. I 43.
Eftir that the said Marioun hes fullfillit the pyne put to hir
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iii 160.
To ȝow as me likwise he put defame

b. To put (a person) upon (doing something), to require it imperatively of him, to insist on it from him. To put it upon (another), to require of him (to do something). ?1661-5 M. Bruce Soul-Confirmation 19.
I was putting it upon my master to make out three relations to me
1677–8 Welsh Forty-eight Serm. 534.
Whenever he comes, he puts people upon being serious and hearty in inviting him

c. In passive: To be put fast, or to be put (hard, sore) to it, to be hard pressed, to be driven to extremities.(1) 1638 Rothes Affairs Kirk 59.
Sum of the bishops followers had said … if any sould propone a declinatour they wold be put fast
(2) 16.. Row Cupp of Bon-Accord 3.
It may be you [the nobles] will be putt to it, ye will say, we must ryde in Parliament order, the meanest man must goe formost
a1652 Dickson Psalms 1–50 (1653) 87.
The believer in his exercise, may be put hard to it, and brought in sight of apparent perishing of soule and body
1676 Welsh Gospel Summonds 16.
That the Son of God should have been put so sore to it as to die for sinners

d. To put silens to, see Silence n.

e. To confer (honour, a compliment, a favour) upon (a person). 1660 Laing MSS I 310.
Surly it wer the dewty of this natione to put honour upon thos persons wer instrumental therein
a1658 Durham Clavis Cantici 334.
He is well worthy of all the respects, that can be put upon him
1673 Edinb. B. Rec. X 162.
To considder what is the fittest complement the Councell should putt upon the lord commissioners grace and his dutchess
1674 Edinb. Surgeons II 118.
That wee are very sensible of … thair favors put upon us

30. To impute (a crime or offence) to or till a person; to charge against (again(is). b. To lay blame on, to accuse. c. To lay (the blame for something) on (in) (something).(1) 14.. Reg. Maj. c. 138.
The crime til him put
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 405 (see Poiso(u)n n. 1). 1564 Crim. Trials I i 446.
This fact and accusatioune aucht nocht to be put to the pannal as ane cryme
(2) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 352 (C).
Thane such trespas ageynes me Frome ony Troyien put shold be
Ib. 1041.
Agamenone full fellounly Put [L. impingit] ageyne Anthenor in stryve Wher sche shold be
b. 1622-6 Bisset II 245/5.
The wynis wes nocht loist in there default … as the merchandis puttis on theme
c. 1629 Maxwell Mem. 202.
He pat the wayt [= wite, blame] in me lord my maistiris slanes

31. a. To impose (order) on (to) a disorderly state of affairs, or against (aganis) a person.(1) 1528 Douglas Corr. 126.
For … at the interpellacioune … and desyring of … ȝour grace to put ordour aganis the said Schir Williame … I soucht all wayis … to apprehend … or sla him
(2) 1567 Inverness Rec. I 157.
Desyring your maisterschipis to put ordour heirto
a1578 Pitsc. II 110/1.
Because they wald haue put order to thair misrulle

b. To bring about, create (suspicion, enmity) between (betwixt) persons. c 1600 Crim. Trials II 297.
Quhilk pat great suspitioun betuixt the king and many of the people
1666-7 Blakhall Narr. 13.
You have putten such ennimity betwixt Mr. Forbes and me

32. a. To set down, enrol, also to express (information etc.) (in writing etc. or in some specified literary genre). Also ellipt.(1) 1375 Barb. i 13.
Tharfor I wald fayne set my will … To put in wryt a suthfast story
1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 58.
The qwilk the maneir thar of war ourlang to put in writing
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 252 (see Dyt(e n.1 2). 1533 Bell. Livy I 246/33.
To put all the names of thame in writt that may bere wappynnys
1567 G. Ball. 115.
Thy magnitude I will it put in dyte
1596 Dalr. I 68/3.
It is reported and put in writte, that [etc.]
1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. 129.
Onlie fyue of thame pat sum of thair doctrine in wret
(2) 1611-57 Mure Sonnets 1 Ser. xii 5.
Thy epitaph sall then be putt in prent
(3) 1490 Irland Mir. I 74/13.
The haly writ … is put in this maner of speking and nocht in ryme nore metyre
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxxii 43.
I will no lesingis put in vers
15.. Clar. v 2259.
Bot I … Can not so meitter as thay put in prose
1567 G. Ball. 7.
Heir followis the catechisme put in meter
(4) 1490 Irland Mir. II 61/22.
Et qui locutus est per prophetas is put to declar that [etc.]
15.. Clar. v 2260.
Full oft I put the nettill for the rose
c1550-c1580 Art of Music 2b.
All meid noitt quhowewer it be formit or be put is a brewe
(5) ellipt. a1538 Abell 71a.
Hes [= as] maistir Hector puttis at lenth

b. To render (a text) into (in) another tongue. c 1491 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I 57.
This letter in Northin of the King of Norway … , put this in Inglis
a1538 Abell 1b.
I haif translatit [this book], … puttand all in Yngligis [sic in trscr.] that Lating reportis

c. To include or enter (in a writing).(1) 1456 Hay I 303/11.
That he mycht nocht as now na mare tak on hand as to put in this buke of bataillis
1482–3 Acta Aud. in Acta Conc. II cxi.
Thre persons … put thairefter in the said retour
1490 Irland Mir. II 17/29.
All thir [articles] ar put in the creid
1535 Stewart 89.
Tha tuke sic cuir sic thingis to considder Syne in ane volume pat thame altogidder Without ordour
1563 Edinb. B. Rec. III 174.
The baillies … to … tak deligent inquisitioun of euery houshalder [and] … put thair names and nwmer in roll
(2) 1554 Montgomery Mem. 151.
Apprevand the thre eikis on the margane, as thai ar put and scorit
(3) 1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II 208.
Maister Robert Glen to be put burges and gild in the lokkit buik

d. To ascribe (expenses) to a person. 1466 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXXIII 34.
In tymes to cum the expensis of the chawmerlane sal nocht be in to speciale put nowder to alderman na bailleis

33. To state, declare, affirm, assert, allege. b. To ‘lay down’.Const. simple obj. or noun clause obj. 1490 Irland Mir. I 30/29.
The errour that puttis fatall disponicioune and necessite in mennis werkis
Ib. II 20/23.
First [is] the errour of the gentiles and paganis … for thai put a multitud of goddis
Ib. 21/24.
Sabel that put in his herresie a natur of the diuinitie and denyit the trinite of persouns
a1538 Abell 2b.
Quhen he wes ane hundreth and fifty ȝere has puttis Eusisius he [Adam] generit Seth
Ib. 4b.
Sum puttis that sche wes the King of Egiptis dochtir
Ib. 972a.
In the auld cornycul thare is ma [than 150 thousand] put be this wers
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 61/3.b. ?c1675 J. Gordon Hist. II 124.
The actes of Assembly … puttes cleare marches betuixt civill and ecclesiasticke jurisdictione

c. To utter (words). c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1385 (C).
Pyrrus … ageyne schyr Vlixes Boustous wordes … Put manasand [L. comminatoria verba diffudit] in fele manerese

d. To advance as an example or reason. a1500 Henr. Fab. 47 (H).
Put in exempill and in similitude [Makc. Puttyng exempill & similitud] How mony men … Ar like to beistis
a1538 Abell 28b.
To that mony doctouris puttis resonis in the 4 buik of the sentence [etc.]
Ib. 43a.
Maistir Hector puttis ane [example of abnormal birth] … at hapnit … beȝound the Month

e. Put to, estimated or reckoned at (a certain amount). 1512 Treas. Acc. IV 302.
To the said skippar, for the fraucht of the said coppir, tyne [etc.] … put to tua twne iij pip fraucht; price tun xviij s.

34. To put fair, to create a favourable state of affairs, to bid fair (to bring about a certain result). 1699 Forrester Bishops Claim ii 137.
This deference, … would have put fair to set him up as Bishop of Jerusalem at this time

II. In prepositional verbs.

35. To put at.Only Sc.

a. To thrust at with a weapon; to prod; to push. (Cf. sense 1.) a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 927.
He … Pertly put with his pith at his pesane
a1568 Bann. MS 158b/70.
He thrawis and he puttis fast at his vlly pyis
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 826.
They put at the cairt that is ay gangand
a1658 Durham Clavis Cantici 255.
Now she sleeps, and when put at, will not rise, but shifts

b. To take hostile or legal action against; to assail or attack; to proceed against; to make demands of.Also const. for (also of) (the occasion of the action, the thing sought or demanded, etc.) and absol.(1) 1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 138.
And he said, ‘Helyne, he is ane slawe payar, put at hyme [etc.]’
1543 Misc. Spald. C. IV 210.
And in cais that ather of us be putt at be way of deid
1545 Reg. Paisley App. 6.
We … sall not put at thame nor desyre thair malyngis injustlie
1545 Reg. Privy C. I 19.
It is hevilie menit be the said sheriffis … that thai ar scharplie putt at
1546–7 Corr. M. Lorraine 178. 1547 Reg. Privy C. I 69.
The autorite to putt at thame baith in thair personis, landis, and gudis, quhill tha cum to obedience
1564 Exch. R. XIX 529.
In cais the said comptrollar be scharplie put at in the meyntyme be the quenis majeste
1558-66 Knox I 51, 284. a1578 Pitsc. I 322/29.
At this tyme the Douglassis pat sair at the Lord Lyndsay and thocht to haue forfaltit him
Ib. 385/12, II 120/24. 1578 Black Bk. Taymouth 221.
Our cusinge … is to be put at be his father by all lav ressone
1582 Waus Corr. 243.
Quhen I desyrit your L. to pout nocht at me for the Lady Garleis catioun, bot tak it of hir self, your L. wald nocht grant that, bot bad me put at hir for releif
1582 Declar. Causis 9.
To allow that the ministeris suld be put at, not plainlye bot indirectly and coloratly
1583 Reg. Privy C. III 599. 1589 Ib. IV 821. 1595 Cal. Sc. P. XII 47. 1595 Melvill 326.
That the king haid begoun to put at the kirk, … namlie haid melde with your pastor and … put him in exyll
1596 Elgin Kirk S. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 239.
That the scollaris quha hes tane the grammer schole be not molestit or put at afoir Fridaye nixt
a1599 Rollock Wks. I 371.
Schaik it, let see, off hir foundatioun, and put at it
1600-1610 Melvill 118.
Nocht daring put at relligion pleanlie
Ib. 288. 1603 Moysie 132.
Pairtakeris of that tumult … wer straitlie put at, and for non compearance some put to the horne
1604 Crim. Trials II 436.
It is greidenes of warldlie geir quhilk causis him to putt at me and my kin, and not the weill of the realme … bot to putt down innosent men
1606 Marischal Coll. Rec. 106. 1612 Breadalbane Doc. No. 404.
Incaice the said Duncane [etc.] … wer put at be his maiesties forces
a1681 Welsh Churches Paradox 17.
His people is even so sore put at and so taisled with them [the persecutors] … that [etc.]
(2) 1535 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 158.
Volle Ellot said And we var put at for the said hors he suld [etc.]
1553–4 Corr. M. Lorraine 370.
I and my men is vary scharplie put at for ane stent quhilk [etc.]
1564 Prot. Bk. J. Scott MS 5.
That the samyn sowme … salbe furth cumand quhen so evir thai ar put at … or requyrit for the samyn
1566 Edinb. Deeds 237.
And gif it happynnis ony ane of ws to put at and oure guidis poindit thairfoir [etc.]
1567 Reg. Privy C. I 597. 1573–4 Ib. II 347.
Nevir thinking to have bene put at for payment of his saidis thridis
1581 Ib. III 415. 1584 Edinb. Test. XIV 122.
Gif he puttis at my wyf & hir barnes of ony thing that I haif gevin thame I leue him my maledictioun
1595 Highland P. I 161.
To mak us not to be suspectit nor put at for that murther
1613 Fraserburgh Kirk S. I 19b (15 July).
[They] ar ordanit to be put at be the magistrat for the penaltie of the faill
1613 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. 340. 1649 Lamont Diary 5. a1658 Durham Comm. Rev. 296.
If the sinners had been actually put-at for satisfying in their own persons
absol. 1573 Reg. Privy C. II 274.
That na man tak upoun hand to crave or putt at for entrie of the saidis persounis or pament of the saidis ransonis
(b) 1602 Dundee Shipping P. 75.
Becawis he was powt at for ane certane sowme that he was awin

c. fig. To exert pressure on, to influence, to move or rouse mentally, to urge. 1568 Skeyne Descr. Pest 4.
Thairefter the humoris, puttand sairest at the naturall humiditie of the hart
1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. 153.
Gif the Lord at any time put at your hearts
Ib. 154.
And suppose ye be not put at presently yourselfs, yet quhen ye visit them that are troubled in conscience, let thir things be proponit to them as comforts
a1658 Durham Comm. Rev. 55.
Conscience puts at him to take some calling … sometimes others may be made use of to put at him

36. To put on or upon (apon). a. To thrust or press against. 1538–9 Edinb. D. Guild Ct. (4 March).
And the said pendis & brasis puttis & lyis apon thair foirsaid [wall] & hes causit the samyn to fle outwart ane fute & mair

b. To give a push or a nudge to. c1500 Fyve Bestes 223.
With that dame Coppok putis on hir maike
a1650 Row 436.
He sent one who, putting on me, awakened me

c. To urge, press or incite (another) (to some action); to importune. 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 477.
How everie wyfe on vther puttis, Bidding the bischop pay for his guttis
1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. 114.
Albeit Dunkisone puttit on him to desist thairfra
c1610 Melville Mem. 21.
Bot I grew red when the capten putted vpon me to tell this taill to the constable
1630 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 48.
It were time for us, by prayer, to put upon our master-pilot, Jesus, and to cry, ‘Master, save us; we perish’
Ib. 56.
And put not upon Him when he sleeps, to awake Him before He please
1662 Highland P. III 21.
Shee, hearing the voice, did put upon her husband to waken

37. a. To put to, to lean against, abut on. 1588 Old Dundee I 216.
Gif it sall happen the town to raise ony new wark upon the pend that putts to the said gavel

b. ? To put through or over (a fault etc. in a coal-mine): see Putting vbl. n. 4.

III. With adverbs, forming phrasal verbs. In various above senses. tr.

38. To put abak, bak: To force to go back; to thrust or drive back, repulse, also fig.; to exclude; to refuse to accept or believe, to reject (a request or assertion); to send to a lower class, demote.(1) ?1438 Alex. i 1663.
Quhan gude Emynedus … Had rushit and put abak halely … Tha Turkis
Ib. ii 1348. 1526 Douglas Corr. 113.
So, throw Goddis help, we gart thame fail of thare perverst purpois and put thame abak
1533 Bell. Livy II 163/24. 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 46.
The Inglismen passand to burne Drumlanrik, the thevis tuke pairt with the Scottis, and pat thame abake
Ib. 34.fig. 1562-3 Winȝet II 23/17.
Quhome fra the defence of the fayth … na violence repellit nor put abak, nocht manassing, nor plesand flattrie
(b) a1500 Sir Eger 840.
That noble brand, … It was never won by no strength, Nor yet put back by its own length
1591 Crim. Trials I ii 254.
Quhairby, the quene wes putt bak be storme
1596 Dalr. I 170/26.
Quhen the Romanis now war vanquishet and put bak
(2) 1563 Ferg. Answer in Tracts 44.
This your requeist we dar not put back
1638 Henderson Serm. 315.
Albeit a man … could tell his lies with a brazen face … and will not blush though all the world should put him back again [etc.]
(3) 1598 Edinb. B. Rec. V 234.
[The scholars] except thai be … fund … unhable to hald fute with thair marrowes, sall nocht be put bak
(4) c1460 Thewis Gud Women 48.
Scho suld … erare lawar place to tak Na fra hir place be put abak

b. To set back, impair, harm. c1460 Regim. Princ. 76 (Maitl.).
For evir the proffit of the communite Is put abak quhen sic men hes the cure

39. To put agane, = prec. sense; also, to replace.(1) 1375 Barb. xii 355 (C).
And how at thai war put agane And part of thair gud men wes slane
Ib. xvi 147.
The king has gert his archeris then Schute for till put thaim than agayne
Ib. xvii 396. ?1438 Alex. i 1480.
Bot thare price … Gart thame endure trauale and pane To put thair fais strength agane
c1420 Wynt. viii 5369.
That thai ware rudly put agayne
(2) 1456 Hay I 110/17.
That he suld put agayne the suerd in the scalburde

40. To put at under. a. To put at a disadvantage, to discomfit, overthrow. b. To cast down, demolish. fig. 1375 Barb. vii 372 (E).
For he put was at wndre swa That he wes left all him allane
a1500 K. Hart 214.
I sall nocht … se thame thryse Discomfit clein my men and put at vnder
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2667 (B).
Thruche lawis consistoriall … The commoun pepill ar put at vnder
b. 1573 Tyrie in Cath. Tr. 3/16.
With sic strenth of reasone as thou gude reader sall think sufficient to put at vnder the euill foundet fortres my aduersar hes builded aganis the veritie

41. To put away. a. To put (a material thing) aside, put or lay by. c1420 Wynt. vi 1288.
That lettyr away than pwte he qwyte; And sone ane othir than couth he wryte
1629–30 Misc. Spald. C. V 103.
Ane drink cloth, that day losset and put away
1665 Rothesay B. Rec. 99.
Which wreits … war left be him with the said Margaret his spous or at least war pute away be hir

b. To do away with, clear away, erase, remove. 1488 Paisley B. Rec. 27.
At the cors of Paslays side of the dike … be adnullit and put away
1531 Bell. Boece (M) II 262.
Thai put awaye the armys of Iulius Cesar, and ingravitt the armys of King Arthure
1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II 355.
To put away the rede of the kirkyard bray
1576 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 50a.
For calk to put the paynted schippis away that was paynted in the kirk be ydill boyes
1675 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 20 Oct.
Shoe neither had hes or fraudulentlie put away any wryttis which [etc.]

c. ? To ‘put down’, kill. = 44 f, 49 k. c1420 Wynt. vi 1558.
Swa gert he … Be slayne to dede and pwte awaye The Denmarkys, that tyme that he fand [etc.]

d. To send away, banish, expel, dismiss, get rid of (a person or animal). c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1659.
With his rigour the plesand air Puttand away frome all brichtnes
c1515 Asl. MS I 267/20.
Dauid Brus … expulsit & put awaye the said Eduard & his
c1500-50 Brevis Cronica 331.
Makbeith … usurpit the crown, and putt away the richtious airis out of the land
1531 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 63.
And put away Neilsoun and Savage cartaris to giddir with ane cart and thre hors
1548–9 Corr. M. Lorraine 292.
And we haf caussit hem to send for uderis sa mony as plissis hem, and pout tham away
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. c 43.
Put hir away and mell with hir na mair
c1575 Balfour Pract. 617.
The master may not put away ony of his marineris bot gif he pay to thame thair half hyre
a1578 Pitsc. II 141/12, 13.
He wald nocht put away his hure noe mor nor the bischope of Sanctandrois wald put his away
1578–9 Reg. Privy C. III 68.
He repudiat and pat hir away frome his societie and cumpany
1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 235.
Quhene sche putt him [the Devil] away, sche chargeit him to depart on the law he lewis one
1633 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 547.
Becaus that he did put away the boy frome the ky scho said that [etc.]
1679 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 29 Nov.
Inhabitants that hath any swyne … to put the samyn away [before 3 Dec.]

e. To dispel, abolish, put an end to (a state, condition, activity, etc.). a1400 Leg. S. xxi 580.
Petyre … fore Faustyniane cane pray, & his dyffourmyng put away
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1472 (C).
Away to be put holely The faculte of hys commyng To Troye and away goyng
Ib. 2743.
All schame and nobilnes put away
c1420 Wynt. i 962.
That na kyn clowde puttys lycht a-waye
1456 Hay I 17/26.
That he put away, condampnit and reprovit all the fals heresyes and heretykis
1490 Irland Mir. I 39/36. Id. Asl. MS 60/13.
Incontinent it puttis away all thi synnis
c 1545 St. A. Univ. Rec. xxi.
Hereces … will nocht be suppressit & putt avay wythout vniuersiteis
1567 G. Ball. 197.
Preistis, wirschip God, And put away ȝour imagerie
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. iii 264. a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xviii 58.
God send iustice … And put away … oppressioun
1593 Jervise Memor. Angus & Mearns I 64.
[An Act] to discharge, remove, and put away all fairis & marcattis haldin on Sundayis
1596 Dalr. II 465/14.

f. To make an end of, renounce or lay aside (something non-material); also, to cancel, withdraw (an enactment). a1400 Leg. S. xxiii 192.
That he in sorow led his lyf, … Putand a-way purpure & chare
Ib. xl 215.
To … put a-way sa mystrouth al [etc.]
?1438 Alex. ii 3746.
I will him pray That he ȝour lufe wald put away
1486 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 546.
Al fraud gyle exceptioun and evil ingyn pwt away
1525 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. I 85.
The said … Janat rentallit afore quhilk we haue pwt away because [etc.]

g. To alienate (property) (from (fra) one's heir, or to another); to dispose of or part with. 14.. Acts I 24/2.
Of lande of conquest to put away [L. De alienacione terre de conquestu]
Ib. 42/2.
Na man may put away his chefe bigging fra his ayre
1480 Douglas Chart. 112.
That he sal nocht analy, vedset, or put away the castell [etc.] … fra his sone
1513 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 25.
Geiff sa beis he put awaye this hous ony manner of waye within the termes of the said takis [etc.]
1534 Carnwath Baron Ct. (S.H.S.) 178.
The said Jhone suld nowther dispone sell nor put away nane of his gudis … unto the tyme [etc.]
1552 Edinb. B. Rec. II 172.
Quhair as your commoun landis … is analit and put away be ane till help ane wther
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xxi 54. 1574–5 Exch. R. XX 467.
To sell … and put away his landis, heretagis [etc.]
1587 Grant Chart. 166.
In cais I … dispoune, annalie, or put away the said towne and landis off Culquhoch or my kyndnes thairoff to onay persoun

h. To spend or use up (funds etc.) wastefully. 1580 Edinb. Test. VIII 309b.
That his said dochteris gudis & geir be nocht delapidat, put away, & waistit
1604 Dundee Shipping P. 79.
Thay gif him na commeseione to wayst or powt away the monnay of hir thair

42. To put before, to put first, to prefer. 1456 Hay I 7/1.
For nature … ay puttis resoun before

43. To put by. a. To put aside. 1619 Misc. Bann. C. I 201.
The Bishop … putt by the hanging, and wavit with his hand to come in

b. To turn away, set aside, reject; to desist from. 1456 Hay I 252/33.
That the said Quene Johanne mycht nocht put by the lyne of the successioun fra the rycht airis
1482–3 Acta Conc. II cxi.
That thre persons being in the said retour war suspectit and put by and put thairefter in the said retour nocht sworn thairto
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxx 30.
Cum on thairfoir annone, All sircumstance put by and excusationis
15.. James V in Misc. Spald. C. II 193.
That ye weyll tayk sylver to put by my matrys
1598 Fowler? in James VI Basil. Doron (S.T.S.) II 309.
To dispossesse, to put by or disherite
a1658 Durham Clavis Cantici 380.
That holy duties … be … not put-by thus and so
?c1675 J. Gordon Hist. I 96.
The king … calles for him to court, but he being come, was put by

c. To lay by (for the future); to store or stow away. a1540 Freiris Berw. 218 (B).
Lok vp all in to ȝone almery, Baith meit and drink, with wyne & aill put by
1576 Edinb. Test. IV 189.
The said George … to put by twa hundreth merkis to marie the said Bessy
1692 Inchmahome Pr. 158.
My lord's close … put bye in the inner wardrupe

d. To turn aside, ward off, avert, evade (an affliction of any kind); to divert (suspicion). c1420 Wynt. vi 1792.
He lete nowcht slay thame in Ingland, For till eschewe … blame; And be colowre to pwt by schame
1513 Doug. ix vi 46.
The trake of deth ne cowth he not put by
1596 Dalr. II 454/18.
To put by al suspitione or ony way to lat wit that he was to begyle
a1658 Durham Blessedness Death (1713) 59.
If they get such a sickness put by … they think that Christ will bide a while longer

e. To while away (time); to put off, postpone (an appointed time).Cf. 47 e, f. a1500 Sir Eger 355.
Spice they had, and noble wine, … And thus they put the night near by
1560 Rolland Seven S. 867.
Quhairby that thay suld all be saif togidder; … Seuin dayis put by, him self to find remeid
Ib. 1384.
It is gude to put by an euill hour, … Or ane innocent be forlorne

44. To put doun. a. To set or lift down, in the lit. sense. 1529 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 22.
To v werkmen … makand red and puttand doun vall stanis and fre tailye for the hurlis

b. To cast down, overthrow or demolish. a1500 Seven S. 1812.
Quhen at the myrrour was sa put dovne Thai maid gret mayne
1535 Stewart 44075.
The vter wallis win war and put doun
1573 Sempill Sat. P. xxxix 17.
I nill repeit na policeis put doun

c. To depose, demote or degrade (a person) (out of a throne, from a position).When no adverbial complement follows, in ambiguity with d, e and f below. c1420 Wynt. vi 1097 (C).
The auchtande Bennet … Out of that seige was put done [E. put and downe, R. pwtand downe: rh. rowme]
a1500 Henr. Fab. (OUP) 1603.
Quha wait how sone ane lord of grit renoun … May be ouerthrawin destroyit and put doun
Id. Hasty Credence 18.
For fals tailis to put ane trew man doun
a1500 Seven S. 2229.
Ȝour sagis wald put ȝow dovn And ȝour son … Thai will mak king in to ȝour steid
1531 Bell. Boece I 201.
Mony … wikit princis hes bene amang us, and ay put down
a1538 Abell 113b.
Than … put down this abbet and get ane at will [etc.]
1567 G. Ball. 143.
He puttis downe the michtie From thair hie estait

d. To lower in estimation, discredit, devalue.Also in ambiguity with f. 1494 Loutfut MS 8b.
And thairby is the noble office dymynit and put doune & gentilnes … litill prisit
?a1500 Remembr. Passion 626.
And fals witnes spak fast, to put him doun

e. To overthrow, suppress, crush (a person); to overcome, defeat. a1500 Bk. Chess 2160.
Two rokis maye a king allone put dovne
1531 Bell. Boece I 24.
Ye have put down your noisum ennime, with al his army
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 642.
Quod thay, the Scottis ar all put doun Be Inglismen into thair innis
1567 G. Ball. 177.
Thay … puttis vs downe all mercyles, We ar ouerthrawin
a1578 Pitsc. II 60/12.
Heretickis … sould be put done be the ciuiell and magistrat law
Ib. 218/6.
Becaus he pat downe the puire vitchis and saiffit gretter in his awin cumpanie daylie with him
1657 Balfour Ann. I 264.
K. Henrey of England putts doune the Popes pryde … and seuerly punishes the lubberdlie idle bellied mounkes

f. To put (a person) to death, to make away with, to kill.Also north. e.m.E. (1589) and mod. Sc. and north. Eng. dial.pres. a1500 Seven S. 581.
Thai may thé slepand tak And than but mercy put thé dovne
Ib. 811, etc. c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus i 535.
First slais the saull, and puttis the bodie down
1567 Crim. Trials I i 496.
For an I put not him down, I can not haif an lyfe in Scotland
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 23.
To put doun the ȝoung king
1612 Jurid. Rev. X 467.
Ȝe usit sindrie unnaturalie and cruell meanis to put doun ȝour said first bairn in ȝour wombe be taking of drinkis
p.t. 1588 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 533.
Quha … pat doun himselff in his awin howse
1625 Garden Kings 4. 1658–1700 Greyfriars Interments 402.
Pat douin hir self
p.p. a1500 Henr. III 162/20.
That we suld thus be haistely put doun
1525 St. A. Formulare I 268.
The kingis … liegis … ar saikleslye put doun and distroyit, part murdreist part slane
1567 Sat. P. vii 114. 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 73. 1572 Sempill Sat. P. xxx 107.
The manly Methwen mischantly put downe, Slane for thy saik
c1575 Balfour Pract. 512.
Privat murther is quhen ane is slane or drownit or utherwayis put down privatlie
1582–3 Reg. Privy C. III 560.
Having put violent handis in his awin persoun and privilie put doun and drownit himself
1596 Dalr. I 174/19. Ib. II 205/28. 1610 Crim. Trials II 325.
The Erle of Gowry was saiklesly put downe!

g. To cause to be disused, to abolish.See Putting vbl. n. 5 (3), quot. 1515.

h. To make (something being eaten) more easily swallowed, to ‘wash’ it ‘down’. 1636 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 140.
Scotland shall eat Ezekiel's book … The saints shall get a drink of the well that goeth through the streets of the New Jerusalem, to put it down

45. To put furth.Cf. also senses 18, 20.

a. To put, lay or set out, in lit. senses; also, to cast out, emit, discharge.(1) 1529 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 4.
To xii verkmen … puttand furtht stanis in the quarellis
1532 Ib. 83. 1549 Compl. 42/7.
The galliasse pat furtht … ane hundretht aris on euerye syde
1571–2 Canongate Ct. Bk. 350.
Williame Keir grantit him to have wranguslie cuttit and away tane ane parte of the paviliones pertening to my lord bishop of Orknay … that his boit … sall on na wayis be put furth thairof to the sey quhill payment … be maid to the said lord
1592 Prot. Bk. J. Inglis 6 Sept.
[The] Sheref Deput of Banffe … removit & out put all guddis … pertyning to Eosabell Ogiluie … & als pat furtht the gere & stuffis of the cottiris thairof
1596 Reg. Privy C. V 342.
[That Johnne Greg … violently] patt furth the saidis complenaris pleuch [etc.]
1600–1 State P. MS (No. 108/10) Reg. H. 21.
His maiestie patt furth his hand at the said wyndo
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i 144.
Na man sall buy … fish … before the ship ly on dry land, and put forth ane aer
1649 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII 216.
That ilk taverner and inneis keiper put furth leight and lanternes befoir their doores
1672 Dunferm. Coal Acc. 16a.
Wm. Watterstoun put furth 76 load at 1s. 6d. per load is … £5.14s.
(2) 1494 Loutfut MS 29a.
That he saw the balaynis on the sey puttand & castand furth sa gret watteris that [etc.]

b. To put out (a person's eyes).See Putting vbl. n. 5 (4).

c. To expunge or delete (an entry) from (a document). 1569 Prot. Bk. J. Scott MS 86.
That the instrument … wryttin … in … this present buik be deletit and put furth of the samyn
1580 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 174.
His name to be deleitt and putt furth of the gild buik

d. To expel, evict, eject, remove. Also absol. or ellipt. 1473 Reg. Cupar A. I 198.
Lecens to bryng in tenandis and put furth at his awin discrecioun
c1515 Asl. MS I 265/25.
[He] put furth all Ynglismen beneficit within his diocy
1520 Fife Sheriff Ct. 277.
[He] hes cummyn to the said tak & … put thar gudis furtht
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 535.
Within few ȝeris ȝe [sc. landlords] herye him also, Syne puts him furth; to beggin most he go

e. To utter (a vocal sound, or words); to express or propound (a declaration or statement). c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1349 (C).
Thelamonyus … Put furth gret repreve in spekyng
c1420 Wynt. v 3761.
As he pwt furth hys trete, Ambros sayd [etc.]
a1500 Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 1788.
The swallow swyth put furth ane pietuous pyme
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. xiii 24.
An vthir parabile Jesus puttit furth [P. puttide forth] to tham

f. To publish, issue.See Putting vbl. n. 5 (4).

g. To lift up (one's voice). c1500-c1512 Dunb. Twa Mar. W. 302.
And quhilum I put furth my voce, and pedder him callit

h. To furnish, provide, ‘find’ (troops, horses for troops). 1652 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 280.
The said lands patt furth … to Captain Robert Douglass in the Erle Marshells his regiment thrittie futt sojouris
1671 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 7 Jan.
Anent the localitie of the horse put furth by the toune to the militia troupe

46. To put in. a. To place or thrust in, to insert.To put in fyre, to set fire.(1) 1491 Treas. Acc. I 184.
Til a masson to mak a hoylle and put the bot in
1513 Doug. vi iii 131.
Puttand the kyndling in with hait fyre brand
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 338.
Quha put vnder the … kingis bed all the powder and, with his awne hands, pat in the lint
1661 Black Sc. Witches 45.
Shoe did nather find the prein when it was put in into any of the said marks
(2) 1671 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 4 Feb.
Thair was put in fyere in the easing of … his back house … Helene Ewart being suspected

b. To cause to be placed or lodged, to install, to introduce (a person, animal or thing) in a certain place. a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii 553.
A place Quhare-in al that iugit was Sic ded to de, suld in put be
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 3108.
Duk Betis … priuelie put in a mare garnisoun … in the toun
1531 Crim. Trials I i 155.
For to put in his pleuche in the landis of Kynloch and to remove all vtheris thairfra
1562 Treas. Acc. XI 175.
David Wrycht, remanand in warde withtin the castell … put in as ane fals notar
1585 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 416.
That ane clenger be had for the present to putt in with the seik folkis
?1549 Monro W. Isles (1961) 81.
Quhilks na man knawis quha pat in the said scheip
1602 Conv. Burghs II 142.
And commandis him to put in the samyn [goods] in ane cabar or lichter

c. To introduce or set (bewitchment) in some object. 1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I 86.
Ane pair of heid scheittis … in the quhilk thow pat in thi witchecraft
1597 Ib. 137.
Ane pair of double sollit shoone … within the quhilk thow pat in wichecraft

d. To appoint (a person) (to an office or position); to install (a person) in a property as tenant.(1) 1456 Hay I 23/13.
Alssua in the tyme of ane othir pape Benait, was grete errour … for he was put out and ane othir forsabily put in
Ib. 150/35.
For he takis away a lurdan and puttis in a gude man
c1515 Asl. MS I 232/6.
The quene … put in new keparis in the castellis of Edinburgh [etc.]
1590 Welwod 63.
The outredder quha pat in the maister [of a ship]
(2) 1490 Exch. R. X 664.
With pouer the tennandis and inhabitandis the said landis to remuf and put in
1496 Acta Conc. II 4.
That he had put in the sade Robert … in the saidis takkis
1525 Exch. R. XV 584.
Tak the rentall of Fyf fra the Arsdan and powt in thes berar and hes wyf
1545–6 Corr. M. Lorraine 160.
Thair haill purpos is to devoyd us of this toun and to put in our nychtbouris

e. To include in a literary compilation; to set (a piece of text) in (some part of) a book. 1473 Acts II 105/2.
For the gret diuersite [of versions of laws] now fundin in diuers bukis put in be diuers persons that ar callit men of law
1585 James VI Ess. 21.
I haue put in the French on the one side of the leif and my blocking on the other

47. To put of(f (aff, afe). a. To take off (clothes); to set down (a burden). c1420 Wynt. v 4947.
‘Put off, put off’, he sayd ‘leve swne That clethyng on thi body dwne’
a1500 Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 623.
And Hesperous put of his cluddie hude
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 78.
Efter that he had put of his claithis as gif he wald haue gane to bed, incontinent puttis on uther apparel
1667 Dumbarton B. Rec. App. 19.
She heard him putt aff his breeches
1667 Highland P. II 17.
How soon they patt off ther burdens, they apprehended the constable

b. To drive back, repulse. = put abak, 38 above. 1375 Barb. vii 376 (E).
He sagat fortrawaillyt, To put thaim off [C. put of thame] that him assaylit

c. To remove or dismiss (a person) (from a position). c 1641–54 J. Gordon in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 517.
Uthirs of uther races whereof one being about to putt of sum gentlemen from offices which they … had held long of the bishops, wer killed

d. To ‘do away with’, put to death (a person): cf. put doun, 44 f. 1456 Hay I 158/5.
Nevertheles gif the prince thinkis that throu sik a man the were wald be continewit … it war than spedefull that sik a man war put off for the better, bot [etc.]
1596 Dalr. I 176/14.
Now Lucius King of Britannie is put affe

e. To spend (time); to while away (time); ? to last or endure (a certain period of time). f. To postpone (an appointed time); to postpone till later, delay (doing something).Cf. put by, 43 e.e. 15.. Clar. v 2559.
With joy and pleasance pat thay afe the night
1560 Rolland Seven S. 4337.
Than … scho … put of as scho micht That langsum day, quhill it come to the nicht
a 1581 Bann. Memor. 334.
This matter, … and the interteanement of the laird of Grant, pate off the day, … and then he enterit to the futball
1620 Perth Kirk S. MS 30 Oct.
They being singill widow wemen did it rather to put of tyme … then for to sell breid
1633 Orkney Witch Trial in Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 557.
Ill might thow thryve and ill might thow put of this yeire
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 302.
I am here, sir, putting off a part of my inch of time
1694 Annandale Corr. 86.
The physicians give her over, and think that she will not putt of this night
f. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 838.
Gif I can find ony remeid … That may put of that deidlie dolent hour
1597 in Calderwood V 667.
I have continued and putt off … to paint out everie one of you … in your owne colours

g. To delay doing something for (another) by evasions or excuses. 1629 Black Orkn. & Shetl. Folklore 107.
Ye … soucht almis bot she wald geve yow nane, and ye said ye put me ay of, geve me that ye promeised me

h. To get rid of, ‘throw off’ (an illness). 1615 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 262.
The Archbischoppe … apeirs suim better in his health, and ȝit is thocht sall nocht putt off this seiknes in haill

48. To put on. a. To fix on, affix (a thing), by workmanship of some kind. 1496 Treas. Acc. I 290.
To cary the pailȝoun treis … to the castel to put on the bandis and platis on thaim
1530–1 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 111.
And quhen he vas putand one this lok and bandis
1564–5 Edinb. Old Acc. I 486.

b. To put on (a garment) on oneself, to don; to put on (a garment) on another. a1500 Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 513.
I will put on my haly-dayis clais
1490 Irland Mir. I 28/10.
As the hand helpis the fut to put on the schone
1567 Anderson Collect. Mary II 176.
And incontinent my lord raise and pat on his clayths
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 799.
With grit difficultie he tuik thame [shoes], And pat thame on
c1590 Fowler II 105/5.
Saul to encourage him … furneshed him [David] with his awen armour, who puttin thame on vpon his shoulders fand thame vnfit for him
a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS No. 273.
Break my head & syn put on my how

c. To start or light (a fire).See Putting vbl. n. 5 (7).

49. To put out.Cf. also senses 18, 19.

a. To put out (a person's eyes). a1400 Leg. S. iii 17.
Thai … bath his eyne felyly put out
c1420 Wynt. ii 1224, vi 205. 1456 Hay I 80/33, 298/25. 1492 Myll Spect. 278/6. 1531 Bell. Boece I 42. 1622-6 Bisset II 172/6.

b. To drive away, expel (a person); to send away, banish; ? also, to thrust out of a position, depose. c. To eject or evict (a tenant).b. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2381.
Acastrus … his [sc. Pirrus'] graunschir put out, Peleus, out of his land
c1420 Wynt. vi 552.
Mony off thame wyth fors off hand Owt he pwt than off Scotland
Ib. 562.
Dowchty man he wes and stowt. All the Peychtis he put owte. Gret bataylys than dyde he To pwt in fredwme hys cuntre
14.. Burgh Laws c. 69 (B).
Of folk put oute for mysalry
1456 Hay I 24/3.
And had nocht bene haly Sanct Lowis the gude king of Fraunce, the verray pape Sanct Innocent had bene put out utterly, and for he was chassit in Fraunce quhare he … was put agayne in his sege be the saide King Lowys
Ib. 133/30.
That he may mak were on him, and put him out be force of armes
1638 Henderson Serm. 39.
When the evil spirit has been anes putten out
c. 1418 Liber Melros 503.
Frely to put ovt and take in all tenandis at thair awen lykyng
1489 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 546.
That I and thai be pwt owt for euirmayr alvtirly
1552 Reg. Cupar A. II 104.
Powar … to sett tenentis and put out and in als aft as thai pleis
1579 Acts III 165/2.

d. To exclude (a person, from a list). 1628 Elgin Rec. II 204.
The pure of the role to be sichtit to sie who is meit to be taine in and who to pute out

e. To lay out for sale; to lay out in the lit. sense. 1582 St. A. Baxter Bks. 30.
That na brother … sall sett vp ony meat or put owt ony bannokis in thair hows
1670 Knoop & Jones Sc. Mason 27.
[James Young, quarrier, to] win, put out and square [stones]

f. To set out, make an opening for (a window). g. To cause (some part of a building) to project. 1625 Glasgow B. Rec. I 347.
Houssis … laiche on the eard to put out oyes … houssis nixt to the laichest lofting to putt out quhat lichtis thai pleis
1663 Rothesay B. Rec. 299.
The baillies … finds that it wald seim be the stanes that is pute out in the cuinȝies of the said gavill and [etc.]

h. To express or propound (a declaration etc.) = 45 e. a1500 Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 1070.
The ȝow … Put out hir playnt on this wyis wofully

i. To lift up (one's voice). = 45 g. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 244.
Bot all the pertlyar in plane thai put out ther vocis

j. To issue, publish, promulgate (a statement or the like). 1562-3 Winȝet II 27/16.
That that thing quhatsumeuir … quhilk thai put out, that thai nothir first, nor ȝit allane suld appere to vnderstand it sua
1666 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 232.
The theses put out by the regent, who did lauriat the scollaris of the colledge this yeir

k. To ‘do away with’, put to death, kill. = 41 c, 44 f. 1614 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 242.
I had … the greatest limmer … and his brother baith putt out: the ane execute … the other … brunt in ane house

l. To set up, to make and set burning (a bonfire). 1660 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 23 May.
The counsell … upon consideratioun of the great mercie to this land, be his majesties returne to his government, have ordered bonefyres to be put out

m. To extinguish (a light or a fire). 1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 69.
The lichtis … wer … put out
1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. 152.
And the light that is utterlie put out
1600-1610 Melvill 21.
The bent … kendlet sa on fyre that we haid all ado to put it out

n. To fit (a person) out with (necessaries).See Outreke v. 4 b.

o. To provide, furnish, ‘find’ (soldiers for a levy of troops). 1646 Acts VI i 582/2.
The list of a new leavie of the numberis to be put out for euerie shyre
1652 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 282.
Thir lands patt out to Colonell Manuel thritie ane sojour half sojour at fourtie pound the peice

p. To enlist or impress as a soldier. 1648 Boharm Kirk S. 9 April.
The officer being ordanit to summond George Gib, the elders affirme that he was takin violentlie and put out upon the unlawful engagement
1678 Rothesay B. Rec. 363.
That they shall not be putt out any tyme therafter except it be of ther oun free motive will

50. To put over. a. = 43 e, 47 e. b. ? To ‘take over’, expropriate; to hand over, transfer. 1535 Stewart 14945.
But ydilnes for till put ouir the dais
a1652 Dickson Psalms II 51–100 (1653) 226.
Albeit people in covenant with God … be justly plagued by seeing holy ordinances put over in the hands of profane men for their cause
1653 Binning Wks. 343.
That ye may sist yourselves before him, and take with your sins, and humble yourselves in his sight, and then the matter is put over upon a mediator

51. To put to. a. To set in place. a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 106.
And when the enemeis had put to thair ledders [etc.]
1642 Elgin Rec. II 243.
To put to ane litle seat befor the tutor of Duffes dask door

b. To affix or set (a seal, also a signature) to a document.Cf. 9 above. 1396 Scot. Ant. XIV 218.
To the part of this indentoure remaynand with the forsaid Scher Jone the sele of the sayd earle is put to
1400 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 7/36.
I the said Sir Jonne of the Wemys has put to my sele
1402 Reg. Panmure II 185.
Pute to
1422 Stirlings of Keir 209.
In wyttenes of the qwhilk thyngis my sele to this present wryt I haf put to
1427 Melville Chart. 246. 1438 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 265. 1509 Liber Coll. Glasg. 210.
To the quhilk I haif pwt to mye litill syng and subscriptione manuall to warefye sammyne
1515 Douglas Corr. 318.
In wytnese heyrof we haif pute to oure handis

c. To shut (a door). a1500 Sir Eger 1043.
The doors were closed, and put to
1582 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 253.
The dur wes nocht lokkit bot onelie putt to and slottit
1608 Dundonald Par. Rec. 170.
Issobell Trvmbill … at hir incvming … pat to the dor behind hir
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 204.
Alas, that my father hath put to the door on my poor harlot-mother!

d. To exert or apply (action). c1400 Troy-bk. ii 120.
Ande that of such maner he do That he myght put kepyng to

e. To put to (one's) (helping) hand(is: to apply oneself, to set to (to an undertaking, to do something, and without complement); to take action.Also, to put to (one's) shoulder, id.(1) 1513 Doug. xii x 68.
Ene hym self … puttand to hys hand To the assalt
a1538 Abell 70a.
Put to ȝour handis in help tharto
1632 Aberd. Council Lett. I 363.
Entreating that ye wald … to put to your helping hand to the settling of the work [etc.]
(2) 1562-3 Winȝet I 6/20.
And put to ȝour hande stoutlie to saif Petiris schip
a1585 Maitland Maitl. Q. xviii 34. 1614 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 238.
Befoir a justice of pace putt to his hand to mend itt
1638 Henderson Serm. 322.
The Lord put to his hand to help them
(3) 1567 Sat. P. vii 142.
Rycht sa gif princes sa thame self abuse, That of force subiectis man put to thair hand
1573 Reg. Privy C. II 316.
Without my lord regentis grace put to hand
1590-1 R. Bruce Serm. 196.
Gif the magistrate put not to his hand in time
Ib. 289, 395. a1599 Rollock Wks. I 441.
We wer lost … quhen God of his love pat to his hand and saved us
c1616 Hume Orthog. 3. 1635 Dickson Wr. 145. 1685-8 Renwick Serm. 232.
Put to your hands and bring him back again
(4) 1603 Aberd. Council Lett. I 94.
Gif God of his mercy put not to his helping hand
c1610 Melville Mem. 79.
I mon nedis medle and put to my helping hand
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 533.(5) 1638 Cant Serm. Inverness 2 April 1638 (1741) 9.
The Lord is calling the great ones to put to their shoulder, and help his work

f. To set (a plough) to work in (to) a place. g. To engage and set to work (a person). 1527–8 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 92.
The said Philp Scot sal put to ane pleucht to the steid of the Bouhill be the lyssens of maister Michell Scot
1560–1 Edinb. B. Rec. III 100.
With deligence to put to workmen to the doun taking of the Blackfreir wallis
1648 Glasgow B. Rec. II 128.
To put to workmen for casting of ane water syour

h. To add, supply in addition. 1632 Aberd. Council Lett. I 370.
The Laird Drume must be forcit ather to putt to als much himselff [etc.]
1638 Cant Serm. Glasgow 1638 (1741) 22.
It is not little that will awaken sleeping sinners, therefore he puts to an oyes

52. To put up. a. To lift up, raise (one's head); to lift up and set (part of the body, in a certain position).(1) a1500 Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 501.
Quhen that Aurora … Put vp hir heid
Ib. 2787.
Ane paddok, in the watter by, Put vp hir heid
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xlviii 52.(2) 1575 St. A. Kirk S. 415.
Sche … grapit hir and pat up hir fyngaris betwix the scheddis of hir hair

b. To place in a raised position, to set up. 1562-3 Winȝet I 123/8.
And gif ȝe allege siklyke [statues, etc.] to be lesum, bot nocht to be put vp in the temple of God [etc.]
1570 Leslie 194.
The haldaris of the castell … pat up ane taikin on a speir pointt
c1590 Fowler II 177/6.
That nane vse ane other ring bot that quhilk is putt vp
1603 Moysie 33.
His head wes put up vpone the tolbuithe of Edinburgh
1608 Moncreiffs 109.
His head and arm path wp on the castell gawill port
1657 Lanark B. Rec. 161.
That no persone … put up any lint within thair braices for drying in tyme comeing

c. To put away (a sword or whinger, in its sheath etc.). d. To put away (anything), ? chiefly or only in a raised place or position.c. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1123.
Syne thai traist in that feild … Put up thair brandis sa braid
1673 Kirkintilloch B. Ct. 50.
[He] receaved Johne Duries whinger in his hand and put it up in the said John Petticrue owne lyning
d. c1650 Spalding I 335.
Ilk man gat ane burges act, quhilk thay pat wp in there bonnet
1655–6 Peebles B. Rec. II 198.
To the men that pat up the credill in the Neidpethe loft

e. To erect, construct. 1543 Glasgow Chart. II 505.
The said Andro to put wp ane sufficient spowit of leid betuix [etc.]
1596 Coll. Aberd. & B. 386.
That … his maister … in hamelenes had causit put up the cott for saftie of his sheip in euil wedder
1657 Lanark B. Rec. 159.
To put up thrie putes to the south wall for ane flesh merkat
1670 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I 300.
To cast ditch and sofficentlie putt vp to James Wilsone of Clarbrand his haill diches
1676 Cramond Presb. Fordyce 42.
George Lawtie ingadges himselff to put up and perfyt the Beedhouse before Whitsunday
1702 Foulis Acc. Bk. 307.
For lintill eall to the men when the door of the allarpark was put up

f. To promote, or restore, (a person) to a high position. 1456 Hay I 23/14.
For he [Pope Benait] was put out and ane othir forsabily put in, that was callit Silvester, the quhilk was sone put doun and the foresaid [pope] Benait agayne put up and [etc.]

g. To put forward (a person) to do something. a1578 Pitsc. II 131/2.
The bischope … witht money wther leirnitt men conwenitt at Sanctandrois … and thair putt wpe ane freir callit Maltman quhilk preichit the wangell

53. With various other adverbs.To put about, to cause (a wheel) to turn, to move it round. To put abune, to put (a person) in a superior situation, to raise, advance. To put asyde. To put round, ? to propose or ? to circulate (a person's ‘health’, in a toast). To put syndry, to put apart, separate (as by divorce). To put togidder, to bring together, unite; to cause to assemble or to form a combination. To put under, to put down, oppress. 1456 Hay I 36/30.
And othir wenis thai ar all at under, and ȝit God puttis thame abune
a1500 Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 1326.
I rais and put all sleuth and sleip asyde
1520 Grant Chart. 64.
To caus thame be handfast and put togiddir … for mariage to be completit
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2667 (Ch.).
Throch laws consistoriall … The common peopill ar put sa vnder [B. at vnder]
1560–1 St. A. Kirk S. 61.
Me and the said Agnes to be separated and put syndry
1588 Aberd. Council Lett. I 41.
Try … geif thair may be ane dissone of tryit fellowis … putt thegidder upon the townes advertisement to cum heir
1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 173.
And the quheillis quhairof culd nocht be put about be aucht men
1667 Argyll-Lauderdale Lett. I 44.
It was at diner, and I had new put his majesties health round

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